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a as in gave, rave, save, wave.
a as in bar, car, far, tar.
a as in call, fall, hall, tall.
a as in cat, hat, mat, rat.

Dormant, (not dormunt,) infant, inhabitant, adjutant,

consonant, reluctant, defendant, defiance, reliance, continual, musical.

Traits of Character.

EVERY'child must observe how much more happy some children appear to be than others.

There are

Note to Teachers. — The above table is designed to exercise the voice upon the vowel elements. Let each individual in the class pronounce the words containing the element, slowly and distinctly, and then utter the element by itself. After this, the class should pronounce them in concert.

The elementary sound of a vowel may be ascertained by pronoun

some children who are happy themselves, and they make you happy. There are others whose society you always avoid. The very expression of their countenances produces unpleasant feelings.* They seem to have no friends.

No person can be happy without friends. The heart is formed for love, and cannot be happy without the opportunity of giving and receiving affection. But you cannot receive affection, unless you also can give. You cannot find others to love you, unless you also love them.

Love is only to be obtained by giving love in return. Hence the importance of cultivating a cheerful and obliging disposition. You cannot be happy without it.

It is not beauty, it is not wealth, that will give you friends. Your heart must glow with kindness, if you would attract to yourself the esteem and affection of those by whom you are surrounded.

You are little aware how much the happiness of your whole life depends upon your cultivating an affectionate and obliging disposition. If you will

cing a word containing it in a slow, drawling manner. Take, for instance, the word a-t. Notice the sound of a as it issues from the mouth, and then utter it by itself with great suddenness and force.

One of the principal difficulties in articulation arises from a tendency of the organs to slide over unaccented vowels, either perverting or suppressing their sounds. To remedy this defect, the words following the table should be pronounced slowly and distinctly, first by the teacher, and afterward by the pupil. The letters liable to be perverted or suppressed in utterance are printed in Italics.

* “ Countenances produces unpleasant feelings,' is sometimes carelessly read, “ Count'nuncis pr'doocis zunpleasunt feelins."

adopt the resolution, that you will confer favors whenever you have an opportunity, you will certainly be surrounded by ardent friends; you will make yourself happy, and promote the happiness of all within your influence.

Suppose you go to school in a cold winter morning. A bright fire is blazing on the hearth, surrounded with boys struggling to get near it to warm themselves. After you get slightly warmed, another schoolmate comes in suffering with the cold.

“James,” you pleasantly call out to him, “I am almost warm; you may have my place." As you step one side to allow him to take your place at the fire, will he not feel that you are kind ? The most ill-natured boy in the world cannot help admiring such generosity.

And even though he be so ungrateful as to be unwilling to return the favor, you may depend upon it that he will be your friend, as far as he is capable of friendship. If you will habitually act upon this principle, you will never want for friends.

Suppose, some day, you are out with your companions playing ball. After you have been playing for some time, another boy comes along. He cannot be chosen on either side, for there is no one to match him. “Henry," you say, "you may take my place a little while, and I will rest."

You throw yourself down upon the grass, while Henry, fresh and vigorous, takes your place, and engages in the game. He knows that you gave up to accommodate him. And how can he help liking you

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