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Sutherland, Moray Street, on the same - 19.-High Court of Justiciary. The night; and being habit and repute thieves. Court met this day, and proceeded to the The prisoners pleaded Not Guilty. The trial of James M.Coul, alias Moffat, alias witnesses were then examined, when the Martin, alias Wilson, accused of theft, in Jury rétired, and after a short consultation, so far as he, along with other persons, his returned with a verdict, finding the house. accomplices, did, on the night of Saturday breaking in Gayfield Square proven against the 13th, or early in the morning of Sun. all the prisoners; the second charge, of day the 14th of July, 1811, forcibly enter the robbery in Moray Street, proven against the office occupied by the Paisley Banking M'Bean, and not proven against Morrison ; Company in Glasgow, and break open the and the aggravation of habit and repute safe, and steal therefrom a number of bank thieves proven against the whole of the notes of different banks, amounting to the prisoners. They were then sentenced to be value of L. 19,753, 4s. and about L.100 in transported for life. gold and silver. The prisoner pleaded Not 13. High TREASON.--A special com. guilty. A great body of evidence of a cir. mission of Oyer and Terminer having been cumstantial nature was produced. Most appointed for the trial of all treasons, of the witnesses brought forward in the ci. and misprisions of treason, committed in vil action (see Vol. VI. p. 571) were Scotland, the commission was opened at again adduced to give evidence in this re. Stirling on the 230 June, by the Lord markable trial, particularly the smith that President of the Court of Session, the made the key, who was brought to Ediq. Lord Justice Clerk, the Lord Chief Baron burgh in custody of two Bow Street officers. of the Exchequer, the Lord Chief Com. The Jury, after a short consultation, re- missioner of the Jury Court, and Lords turned a verdict, finding the libel proven, Hermand and Gillies, attended by Mr with the exception of the aggravation of Knapp, the Clerk of Arraigns, the Lord habit and repute a thief not proven. The Advocate, Mr Home Drummond, Serjeant Lord Justice Clerk then passed the awful Hullock, and a crowd of young Counsentence of the law upon the unhappy man, sel. The commission having been read, and which was, that he should be executed at some minor forms gone through, a Grand the usual place of execution on the 26th of Jury was sworn in. The Lord President July. The prisoner was very attentive to addressed them in a speech replete with the protracted proceedings, and preserved ability and eloquence, in the course of which his fortitude after the verdict liad left no he gave a comprehensive view of the law of doubt of his melancholy fate. Public in treason as established at the Union, and terest had been strongly excited by this enlarged on the advantages which the subtrial, and the avenues to the Court were ject in Scotland has now acquired in quescrowded at an early hour. The trial was tions with the Crown by the institution of not over till past one o'clock next morning. the Grand Jury, and other forms formerly JULY.
unknown to us. His Lordship carefully 3.- The High Court of Justiciary met avoided all allusion to the cases at issue, for the trial of John M'Callum, Daniel and to the particular circunstances of the Cameron, and Alex. Robertson, accused of country, and warned the Jury to retire unstealing a pocket-book, containing eighteen prejudiced by what they might have seen one pound or guinea notes, in the house of or heard out of doors, and find their bills Robert Halliday, innkeeper at Queensferry, solely according to the evidence. The on the 22d of September. Only Cameron Grand Jury then retired into an adjoining appeared, M-Callum and Robertson having room, followed by Lieutenants Hodgson absconded from their bail. Cameron and Davidson, and a number of other witpleaded Not Guilty, and sentence of out, nesses : and after sitting in deliberation lawry was pronounced against the others. for nearly three hours, returned into Court After an examination of witnesses, the with true bills for High Treason against Jury, without leaving the Court, found the following persons, being the Radicals the prisoner Guilty, and he was sentenced who were apprehended on Bonnymuir imto be transported for fourteen years. mediately after the action on the 5th of
Daniel Morrison, John Alexander, and April, with a detachment of the 10th Hus. Alex. MBean, all young lads, were next sars and Stirlingshire Yeomanry Cavalry :placed at the bar, accused of breaking in. J. Baird, weaver in Condorrat; T. M‘Cul, to the house of Mr Wm. Smith, Gayfield loch, stocking-weaver in Glasgow ; A. Square, and stealing several hats and great- Hardie, weaver there; J. Barr, weaver coats, on the 1st of April ; of stealing a in Condorrat ; W. Smith, weaver there; coat and waistcoat from the house of John B. Moir, labourer in Glasgow; A. Murchie, blacksmith there ; A. Latimer, other. The failure of this negotiation was an. wise Lettimer, weaver there ; A. Johnston, nounced to both Houses of Parliament on weaver there; A. White, bookbinder there; Monday the 19th June, and the correspond. D. Thomson, weaver there ; J. Wright, ence laid before it. In this situation, after tailor there ; W. Clackson, alias Clarkson, some further delays, with the view of still shoemaker there; T. Pike, otherwise Pink, leaving matters open for private arrangemuslin-singer there ; R. Gray, weaver ment, MrWilberforce brought forward amothere ; J. Clelland, smith there ; A. Hart, tion on the subject on Thursday night in cabinet-maker there ; T. M‘Farlane, wea one of the fullest houses ever known, there ver at Condorrat.
being above 500 members present. Mr W, Next day true bills were found against after adverting to the difficulties, which, nine other persons, from different parts of from the papers on the table, appeared to the county of Stirling--The prisoners on a have frustrated the object of the recent nesubsequent day were brought up, and ar, gotiation, said, he was happy to obserye raigned, when they all pleaded Not Guilty, that in those papers no apgry feeling was and their trials were appointed to take to be found; and in the same spirit he enplace on the 13th July, (this day.) treated the house not to consider itself as
The Commission afterwards proceeded divided into two parties, but as called on to to Glasgow, Dumbarton, Paisley, and act in concert, if possible, in order to bring Ayr. At Glasgow true bills were found about an accommodation, of which the diffi, against James Wilson, Peter MʻIntyre, culties, although great, did not appear to William Campbell, and George Allan-at bim insuperable. The obstacle with regard Dunbarton, against Patrick W‘Devitt, to her Majesty's reception at Foreign William Blair, Robert Munro, George Courts might, he conceived, be got over, Munro, Richard Thomson, and William by agreeing to give ber an introduction as M Phie-at Paisley against James Spiers Queen at the Court of such country as she and John J.ang-at Ayr against Andrew might choose for her residence. If this ar. Wyllie, Thomas Mackay, John Dickie, rangement should prove satisfactory, he und Hugh Wallace. Besides these, true trusted that the difficulty resulting from the bills were found against a number of other omission of her name in the Liturgy individuals who have absconded. Those would not prove an insuperable bar to an in custody were subsequently brought up, accommodation. He concluded with moy. and all of them pleaded Not Guilty, and, ing a resolution for an address to her Mam particular days appointed for their trials. jesty, in the following terms:
• Resolved, That this House has learned, CHARGES AGAINST THE QUEEN. with unfeigned and deep regret, that the Our last Number contained an account of late endeavours to frame an arrangement the arrival of her Majesty the Queen from which might avert the necessity of a pubthe Continent, and the proceedings which lic inquiry into the information laid before had been suggested in Parliament, in con- the two Houses of Parliament, have not sequence of certain charges brought against led to that amicable adjustment of the her by his Majesty's Ministers ; stating existing differences in the Royal Family, also the wishes that had been expressed by which was so anxiously desired by Parlia. certain memberg of the House of Comment and the nation. mons, that the investigation of these charges " That this House, fully sensible of the should not be persisted in while any hope objections which the Queen might justly remained of effecting a compromise between feel to taking upon herself the relinquish. the royal parties by negotiation. The feel- ment of any points in which she might ings excited by the consequent proceedings have conceived her own dignity and honour have been such as to render every other to be involved ; yet, feeling the inestimable subject of national policy uninteresting importance of an amicable and final ad
The Queen having, as stated in our last, justment of the present unhappy differenagreed to receive proposals from ministers, ces, cannot forbear declaring its opinion, a correspondence took place between her that when such large advances have been Majesty and the Earl of Liverpool, the re- made towards that object, her Majesty, by sult of which was, that two individuals on yielding to the earnest solicitude of the the part of ministers, namely the Duke of House of Commons, and forbearing ta. Wellington and Lord Castlereagh, were press further the adoption of those proposiappointed to meet with Mr Broughain and tions on which any material difference of opi. Mr Denman on the part of the Queen. The nion is yet remaining, would by no means parties accordingly held several conferences. be understood to indicate any wish to shrink it was demanded on the part of her Ma. from inquiry, but would only be deemed jesty, that her name should be restored to to afford a renewed proof of the desire the Liturgy, or that, as an equivalent, she which, her Majesty has been graciously should be recognized as Queen at foreign pleased to express, to submit ber own courts. This was refused on the part of Mi. wishes to the authority of Parliament: nisters; and here the conferences broke off. thereby entitling herself to the grateful ace
knowledgments of the House of Commons, But however strongly I may feel the neand sparing this House the painful neces. cessity of submitting to its authority, the sity of those public discussions, which, question whether I will make myself a parwhatever might be their ultimate result, ty to any measure proposed, must be de could not but be distressing to her Majes- cided by my own feelings and conscience, ty's feelings, disappointing to the hopes of and by them alone. Parliament, derogatory from the dignity of "As a subject of the state, I will bow the Crown, and injurious to the best in- with deference, and, if possible, without a terests of the empire.”
murmur, to every act of the sovereign auThe motion was seconded by Mr S. thority : But, as an accused and injured Wortley. Mr Brougham opposed the mo. Queen, I owe to the King, to myseli, and tion, and declared that the insertion of her to all my fellow subjects, not to consent to Majesty's name in the Liturgy would make the sacrifice of my essential privilege, or every difficulty vanish. Lord Castlereagh withdraw my appeal to those principles of had no objection to the address; and con- public justice, which are alike the safe. tended that the omission or insertion of guard of the highest and humblest indivi. the names of any of the Royal Family was dual.” purely at the discretion of the King. Lord While these proceedings were going on A. Hamilton then moved, as an amende in the Commons, the sitting of the Secret ment, a resolution, that the insertion of Committee, appointed by the House of her Majesty's name in the Liturgy was due Lords, had been postponed from day to to her as a matter of right, and was per day; but it was now proposed that the Conifectly consistent with the honour and dig. mittee should meet on Tuesday the 27th, nity of the Crown. The original motion when, on the preceding evening, Lord was carried by a great majority. The Dacre presented the following petition from numbers were, for the original motion, 391, the Queen :against it, 124; majority 267. The fol “ The Queen having been informed lowing Members were then nominated to that proceedings are about to be instituted lay the resolution before her Majesty, Mr against her by the House of Lords ; feels Wilberforce, Mr Stuart Wortley, Sir T. it necessary to approach their Lordships in Ackland, and Mr Bankes.
the character of a petitioner, being advised, The address was accordingly presented that, according to the forms of the House, by these gentlemen on Saturday; and the no other mode of communication is perHouse having met the same evening, prin- mitted. cipally for the purpose of receiving her Ma. - The Queen is ready to meet any jesty's answer, it was brought up by Mr charge brought against her affecting her Wilberforce and read, in substance as fol. character and honour, and challenges a lows:
complete investigation into her conduct, “I am bound to receive with gratitude but protests against any secret inquiry, every attempt on the part of the House of and against that proceeding which their Commons, to interpose its high media. Lordships adopted, contrary to all the tion, for the purpose of healing those un. principles of the constitution ; but even of happy differences in the Royal Family, such an inquiry she solemnly declares she which no person has so much reason to de- has nothing to apprehend, unless such inplore as myfelf; and with perfect truth I vestigation took place before the arrival of can declare, that an entire reconcilement her witnesses, by whom she pledges her, of those differences, effected by the authu- self to expose the whole business. rity of Parliament, on principles consist " She anxiously desires that no delay ent with the honour and dignity of all whatever may take place of instituting the parties, is still the object dearest to my inquiry, and, as far as her Majesty is conbreast.
cerned, she wishes that it may be carried “ I cannot refrain from expressing my on immediately; but the Queen cannot deep sense of the affectionate language of suppose that their Lordships will admit so these resolutions. It shews the House of gross an act of injustice, as an inquiry into Commons to be the faithful representative her conduct in the absence of herself and of that generous people, to whom I owe a her witnesses, who, for some weeks, would debt of gratitude that can never be repaid. be unable to reach this country. I am sensible too that I expose myself to “ Her Majesty therefore prays, that be. the risk of displeasing those who may soon fore their Lordships institute farther probe the Judges of my conduct; but I trust ceedings, she may have the honour of be. to their candoar, and their sense of honour, ing heard by counsel this day at the bar of confident that they will enter into the feels their Lordships' House.” ings which alone influenced my determi. On the motion of Lord Dacre, Messrs nation.
Brougham and Denman, her Majesty's " It would ill become me to question counsel, were then heard at the bar in sup: the power of parliament, or the mode in port of the petition. Mr Brougham asked, which it may at any time be exercised : in her Majesty's name, a delay of two months, for the purpose of procuring wit. also to state, that there are various weighty pesses from the Continent. After counsel matters touching the same, which it is abhad retired, the Earl of Liverpool moved solutely necessary, with a view to her fu. that the meeting of the Secret Committee, ture defence, to have detailed in the present which was to have taken place on the fol stage of the proceeding. The Queen, therelowing day, Tuesday, should be postponed fore, prays to be heard this day, by her 2:11 the day after, Wednesday. On Tues. Counsel, regarding such matters.” day. Earl Grey brought forward a mo- Lord Dacre then moved that her Mation, to discharge the meeting of the Sem jesty's Counsel be called in, which was opcret Committee which was to meet next posed by the Earl of Liverpool on a point dav at 12 o'clock. This motion was sup- of form. Neither her Majesty, nor any ported by Lord Holland, Lord Belhaven, person out of doors, (he observed,) could and Lord Bulkeley, and opposed by the regularly have any knowledge of the report Earl of Donoughmore and Lord Lauder- of the Committee; and when a bill found. dale. The motion was then negatived by ed upon it was presented, it would then be a majority of 102 to 47.
the proper time to consider the petition. The Secret Committee accordingly met Lord Holland urged that it was wrong in on Wednesday the 28th, and continued its the present case to attend rigidly to form ; sittings till Monday the 3d instant. On and that all forms which broke through the the following day their report was laid be- law of substantial justice should be disrefore the House, and was as follows:
garded. The motion was, however, ne66 By the Lords' Committees, appointed gatived without a division. a Secret Committee to examine the papers A fter the petition had been thus disposed laid before the House of Lords on Tuesday, of, the Earl of Liverpool brought in a bill the 6th of June last, in two sealed bags, by of pains and penalties, founded on the rehis Majesty's command, and to report port of the Secret Committee, and of which thereupon as they shall see fit, and to the following is a copy : whom have been since referred several ad. “Whereas, in the year 1814, her Ma. ditional papers in two sealed bags relative jesty, Caroline Amelin Elizabeth, then to the subject matter of his Majesty's most Princess of Wales, and now Queen Con. gracious message of the 6th of June last. sort of this realm, being at Milan, in Italy, "" Ordered to report, That the Commit. engaged in her service, in a menial situatee have examined, with all the attention tion, one Bartolomo Pergami, otherwise due to so important a subject, the docu. Bartolomno Bergami, a foreigner of low ments which have been laid before them, station, who had before served in a similar and they find that those documents cori- capacity: . tain allegations, supported by the concur- “ And whereas, after the said Bartolo, ring testimony of a great number of per- mo Pergami, otherwise Bartolomo Berga. sons in various situations of life, and re. mi, had entered the service of her Royal siding in different parts of Europe, which Highness the said Princess of Wales, a deeply affect the honour of the Queen, most unbecoming and disgusting intimacy charging her Majesty with an adulterous commenced between her Royal Highness connection with a foreigner, originally in and the said Bartolomo Pergami, otherwise her service in a menial capacity, and attri. Bartolomo Bergami : buting to her Majesty a continued series of " And whereas her Royal Highness not conduct bighly unbecoming her Majesty's only advanced the said Bartolomo Pergarank and station, and of the most licentious mi, otherwise Bartolomo Bergami, to a character. These charges appear to be high station in her Royal Highness's housecalculated so deeply to affect, not only the hold, and received him into her service, honour of the Queen, but also the dignity and that in high and confidential situations of the Crown, and the moral feeling and about her Royal Highness's person, but honour of the country, that, in their opi- bestowed upon him other great and exnion, it is indispensable that they should traordinary marks of favour and distincbecome the subject of a solenin inquiry, tion, obtained for him Orders of Knightwhich it appears to the Committee may be hood and Titles of Honour, and conferred best effected in the course of a legislative upon him a pretended Order of" Knightproceeding; the necessity of which they hood, which her Royal Highness had taken cannot but most deeply deplore."
upon herself to institute without any just On Wednesday the 4th, Lord Dacre pre- or lawful authority: sented the following petition from the “And whereas her said Royal HighQueen :-_" The Queen, observing the most ness, whilst the said Bartolomo Pergami, extraordinary Report made by the Secret otherwise Bartolomo Bergami, was in her Committee of the House of Lords, now ly- said service, further unmindful of her exing upon the table, represents to the House, alted rank and station, and of her duty to that she is prepared, at this moment, to your Majesty, and wholly regardless of her defend herseĪf against it, as far as she can own honour and character, conducted her. understand its import. Her Majesty has self towards the said Bartolomo Pergami,
Otherwise Bartolomo Bergami, and in other Committee, proceeding solely on papers respects, both in public and private, in the submitted to them, and before whom no various places and countries which her single witness was examined. The Queen Royal Highness visited, with indecent and has been farther informed, that her counoffensive familiarity and freedom, and car- sel last night were refused a hearinz at the ried on a licentious, disgraceful, and adul. bar of the House of Lords, at that stage of terous intercourse with the said Bartolomo the proceeding when it was most material Pergami, otherwise Bartolomo Bergami, that they should be heard, and that a list which continued for a long period of time of the witnesses, whose names are known to during her Royal Highness's residence an her accusers, is to be refused to her. Unbroad; by which conduct of her said Royal der such circumstances, the Queen doubts Highness, great scandal and dishonour whether any other course is left to her, but have been brought upon your Majesty's to protest in the most solemn manner family and this kingdom : Therefore, to against the whole of the proceeding; but manifest our deep sense of such scandalous, she is anxious to make one more effort to disgraceful, and vicious conduct on the part obtain justice, and therefore desires that of her said Majesty, by which she has vio- her counsel may be admitted to state her lated the duty she owed to your Majesty, claims at the bar of the House of Lords." and has rendered herself unworthy of the The prayer of the petition was opposed, exalted rank and station of Queen Consort on the ground of its being too general and of this realm, and to evince our just regard indefinite, and after some argument, it was for the dignity of the Crown and the ho. at length agreed that her Majesty's counsel nour of this nation, we, your Majesty's should, in their addresses to the House, most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Lords confine themselves to arguments upon the Spiritual and Temporal and Commons in mode of proceeding on the bill, and with Parliament assembled, do hereby entreat regard to the time of proceeding. To these your Majesty that it may be enacted, and be points Messrs Broughman and Denman it enacted, by the King's most excellent Ma- accordingly confined themselves. On the jesty, by and with the advice and consent latter point they demanded, in the Queen's of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and name, that not an hour should be suffered Commons in this present Parliament as. to elapse before her Majesty was afforded sembled, and by the authority of the same, an opportunity of repelling the charges that her said Majesty Caroline Amelia Eli- that had been alleged against her. Lord zabeth, from and after the passing of this Liverpool intimated that he would, on Act, shall be and is hereby deprived of the Monday, apprise the House of the earliest title of Queen, and of all the prerogatives, day on which he should move the second rights, privileges, and exemptions apper. reading of the bill, and for this purpose he taining to her as Queen Consort of this moved that the Lords should be summon. realm; and that her said Majesty shall, ed. Lord Grey moved, as an amendment, from and after the passing of this Act, for that the Lords be summoned for this day, ever be disabled and rendered incapable and took the sense of the House on the of using, exercising, and enjoying the point. The amendment, however, was resame, or any of them; and moreover, that gatived on a division, in which there apthe marriage between his Majesty and the peared for the original question 56, and 19 said Caroline Amelia Elizabeth be and the against it. same is hereby from henceforth for ever Accordin:ly, on Monday the 3d instant, wholly dissolved, annulled, and made void the Earl of Liverpool proposed, that, as the to all intents, constructions, and purposes presence of the Judges was necessary dur. whatsoever."
ing the examination of witnesses, and as After the Bill was read a first time, the they could not possibly attend before the Earl of Liverpool moved, that copies should 17th of August, the second reading of the be sent to her Majesty, and her Majesty's bill should be postponed till that day, Attorney-General, and also to the King's which, after some discussion, was agreed Attorney-General, which was agreed to. to. It was proposed by several noble
Next day, Thursday, another petition Lords, that a list of the witnesses who were was presented to the House from her Ma- to give evidence against her should be dejesty, which was read as follows:
livered to the Queen, which, however, was « CAROLINE REGINA,
refused. “ The Queen has heard with inexpressi. While the Secret Committee or the Lords ble astonishment that a Bill, conveying was sitting, an important discussion was charges, and intended to degrade her and going on in the Lower House of Parliament. dissolve her marriage with the King, has Lord Castlereagh there proposed to postpone beeni brought by the first minister of the the adjourned debate on the appointment of King into the House of Lords, where her a Secret Committee till Friday the 7th of Majesty has no counsel or other officer to July; but his Lordship intimated, at the assert her rights. The only alleged foun. same time, that it was possible the House dation for the Bill is the Report of a Secret of Lords might institute some judicial pro.