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balance all the good to the perform, sive, become in turns the victims of ance of which the satirist lays claim. his sport or his malice ;-the cravings

Were satire directed only against of his appetite are never satisfied ;vice, or against those imprudencies and when he can discover no new which frequently lead thereto, it would prey, he is forced to make a meal on then become one of the most power- the mangled carcases he has already ful auxiliaries of virtue; it would be torn and disfigured. the preserver of order and peace in so- This is the age of freedom; perciety; and by punishing those crimes haps I ought rather to say, of the of which the law takes no cognizance, abuse of freedom. Formerly men might be regarded as the supplement were contented with making verbal to legislative authority. But to this, critiques upon their neighbours ; but its true and legitimate use, it is never now, satirical speculations stalk forth applied; these high and important in the shape of thick octavos; and ends are altogether neglected; while remarks on the cut of your friend's it wastes its force upon trifling pecu- wig are entered at Stationers' Hall. liarities and harmless foibles : nay, it The British public, however, is not so is often made the tool of envy and easily entertained as to rest satisfied malice, and directed by them against with a description barely ludicrous ; what is really good and praiseworthy, the mixture must be seasoned with á According to its present mode of ap- little of that agreeable bitter, which plication it may cure an awkwardness, the satirist so well knows how to inbut it will not repress a vice; and fuse.--I do not mean to reprehend the benefits it may confer on others, the manner in which authors are in pointing out follies, and warning treated in the present day; because I them against their commission, seem do not find that they now fare any few and trifling, when they are offer- worse than they have done from time ed as an equivalent for the pain in- immemorial. When a man presents flicted on those individuals who are to the world the effusions of his brain, the objects of censure.

he invites the notice of the public, he But I do not content myself with calls upon all to “ come and see;" and laying aside as unjust the claim which that is a request with which the readthe satirist makes to our thanks and ing part of the community are so ofapprobation. I become his accuser, ten disturbed, that one need not be and charge him with being the dis, surprised to find them not always in turber, instead of the guardian, of good humour. Neither ought the authe peace of society. He is not the thor to feel any enmity against those fair and open enemy who challenges reviewers who handle his book a little you to the encounter, and thereby roughly ; did they decoy him, with gives you an opportunity of defend- false promises, to throw himself upon ing yourself ;-he does not frankly their mercy, he would have some rea tell you, that by your words, or your son to complain of their treatment; actions, you have forfeited your title but they hold out no lures; and the to some property of which the world severity he sees exercised upon his believes you to be the legal possessor; elder brothers, may serve as a warnbut he visits you at noon-day with ing to him. As he marches along to the countenance of a friend, he marks present his yet uncut volume at the the vulnerable part, and returns un- foot of the awful throne, he may, if der cover of night to rob you of what he choose to make use of his eyes can ne'er enrich himself. When the and ears, see the outer court (like that Demon of satire is abroad, no one can of Giant Despair) strewed with the feel himself secure from his attacks. bones of former vietims, aud hear the Whatever may be in reality the mo- choir of the temple of criticism chaunt. tives or the tendency of an action, ing the canone perpetuo of “ dilly, dilwhen seen through the false medium ly,come and be killed.” Very different which he holds to the eyes of the from all this is the case of the quiet spectators, and through which he private citizen, who never dreamed finds but too many who are willing to of his name appearing in print, save look, it appears distorted and stained. at his marriage or his death, when he The old and the young, the learned unexpectedly finds himself dragged and the unlearned, the keenly en- upon the stage, for the amusement of terprising, and the quietly inoffene the spectators. He feels himself the

object of an unprovoked outrage; and Yet against those invaders of social his first emotions are rather those of rights, I never feel inclined to indulge anger, than of that cool contempt in that torrent of invective, which which philosophy and common sense some think justly their due. I neialike dictate as the proper mode of ther upbraid them with malice, nor treating his brutal insulters.

envy, nor all uncharitableness. It The boldness of these attacks in- will generally be found, that the aucrease in proportion as it is found they thors of such injudicious satire are may be committed with impunity. still in the morning of life, in all the At first there are only obscure hints heyday of youthful health and spirits. given of the person intended, which Malice and envy are not the natural none but the knowing ones can under- faults of youth ; at that happy period stand; next the initials of the naine men possess a gaieté du cour which make their appearance; then they is inimical to the deep indulgence of give the consonants of it, leaving the the former, and a self-conceit which vowels only to be supplied by the in- prevents the excitation of the latter. genious reader; and at last comes the This thoughtless inattention to the name at full length, so that he who feelings of others,--this wanton inruns may read. This is contrary to dulgence of mirth without regard to every rule of propriety and good breed- its consequences, proceeds solely from ing; it is a direct violation of the laws the same exuberance of youthful of society-a trampling upon all the spirits, which, ten years ago, when decencies and charities of social life. they gamboled in the court-yard of There may be some who imagine that the school, prompted them to amuse there is little more harm in mention- themselves with throwing stones and ing directly the person alluded to, mud at the inoffensive passengers. I than in pointing him out by some would hope, that their intention is circumstance which plainly indicates now, as it then was, not to hurt the him; but this is a very erroneous objects of their sport, but merely to idea: blameable as both those modes shew how cleverly they can hit the of proceeding are, the former is in- mark; that they do not enjoy the finitely more mischievous in its con- pain they inflict, but simply the vasequences. The anecdote which now nity of observing their own dexterity. announces its hero as distinctly as his But although the motive may not proper name would, may, in a few be malicious, an action which is proyears, be entirely forgotten, or, at ductive of unnecessary pain to others, least, the knowledge of it is confined must not be allowed to pass unreprova to the immediate neighbourhood of ed. I would appeal to their reason, the parties concerned. I appeal to whether this be a proper use to make every one possessed of humanity, whe- of the faculties bestowed on them. I ther there be not, in the indecent would ask them if it be consistent freedom of which I complain, much with the account they must one day to harrow up the feelings of many an render of their application of these fa amiable individual. Suppose a wife, culties. No one can plead the posyet sinking under the recent loss of an, session of a talent for satire as an exaffectionate husband, or a daughter cuse for improper indulgence in it; newly bereft of a kind and tender fa- such a talent is nothing more than the ther, would it not add unspeakable having a quick perception, and a livebitterness to their grief, should they ly imagination; and these are qualichance to cast their eyes on a page ties which might be applied to a betwhere that name which they never ter purpose. Above all, I would ask pronounced without feelings of ming- if it be agreeable to the intention of led love and respect, whose very men- Him who placed us here for our mus, tion now calls up the tears of regret, is tual support and comfort; who, knowmade the subject of a bitter sarcasm,, ing the many unavoidable evils of our or of rude and mocking ribaldry ? earthly pilgrimage, has commanded This is not a fanciful case; those who us, as the best method of ameliorating have been the objects of unprovoked those evils, to be kindly affectioned censure may soon go hence and be no one to another. more seen; and then, perhaps, may This is an error which time is likethe authors of such censure regret ly to cure. As we advance in life, we what they cannot recal.

grow weary of courting opposition;


we are less solicitous to bring ourselves But the Lyrics in these match so well, into notice by making enemies; and And so like is the innocent metre, we become convinced that one friend That I'm bother'd to death with each Bell, is more valuable than a thousand ad And lost between Peter and Peter. mirers. Together with the gaiety of Will no one in tenderness lend youth, we lose its petulance, and its

A clue to the positive story ?--self-sufficiency; and the coolness and Or some wretch, in the shape of a Friend, apathy of age bring along with them May waddle away with the glory. a sobered valuation of our own abili. ties, a lessened desire for the praise of Since my mind must some notion be gleanthe multitude, and a full assent to the ing, truth of the maxim, that “ the merit I'll venture the verses to class :-of pleasing must be estimated by the The Burlesque --by its having a meanmeans." George Street, July 7.

The Real,--by its having an Ass.
I pity Simplicity's Poet,

I pity its tradesmen in town ;--
PETER BELL V. PETER BELL, 'Tis a dead drug, and few so well know it,

As L- , H ,R- , and

B (TAE ingenious work entitled “ The Fan.

cy, a Selection from the Poetical Remains of the late Peter Corcoran of Gray's Inn, Student at Law, with a brief Memoir of

VERSES BY A YOUNG LADY. his Life,” has indeed been literally "gut. ted or cleaned out" before we could lay Last night I strove, but strove in vain, our hands on its contents, and we find One fleeting glance from thee to gain ; little left to reward our search, except But ah! you rov'd from fair to fair, the jeu d'esprit of which we have given Nor once imagin'd I was there. the title above. We have mislaid Mr

And I was sad, yet glad to see Wordsworth's last volume, or we should

You did not throw your eyes on me, have quoted, as a rejoinder, his exquisite

For I could gaze unseen on thee. sonnet, beginning

Oh! it was sweet to hang the while "A book was writ of late called Peter

Upon your look, and on your smile ;

To watch each beam of light that fell

Upon the face I lov'd so well ; of which it is surely high praise to say To hear your voice, whose mellow tone that it is not at all inferior to Milton's I felt could make me all your own ; fine original, which, till now, we had To gaze until my aching sight

supposed quite inimitable : Was lost in visions of delight ; " A book was writ of late called Tetrachor.

Almost to fancy I could trace
Your balmy breath pass o'er my face ;

Play 'mid the ringlets of my hair,
Magazine compilers are often greatly put And breathe its perfume on the air.

to it for filling up their last page, parti. To wish yet fear to meet your eye, cularly when it is left in so scrubby a To wish yet fear-and know not why ; state as this has been, by our friend For well I knew I should not trace the Bystander. We suspect we must One smile of greeting on thy face ; put our hand into our Poetical Reposi. I knew thine eye would pass me o'er, tory, and draw out something or other; Unconscious we had met before ; at the same time, informing our friends And yet I shrunk behind my screeni, Jannes and Jambres, that our drawer is And fear'd I might, perchance, be seen. again overflowing, and that we are ready Oh! then, 'twas almost sweet to be to receive another visit from them when. Unknown, unnoticed, love, by thee. ever they are so inclined.]

For had I been a lovely flower,

And fit to deck thy favour'd bower, Two Peters!-two Ballads!-two Bells !-- Thine eye had told a mutual flame,

Ah, which is the serious Poem ? And mine had sunk with maiden shame : The tales which Simplicity tells,

But Beauty smiles not, love, on me, Are the tales for my heart,--when I And I unseen can gaze on thee. know 'em!

London, September, 1815.



Society of Civil Engineers.-On the 2d case they produced green, in place of red January 1818, a number of persons practi- globules. The original fungi were killed cally connected with the profession of a civil by exposure to excessive cold; but their engineer, met and agreed upon the plan of seeds retained vitality, and when immersed an institution, and have since that time in snow, regenerated new fungi generally been employed in forming laws and regula- of a red colour.-Edin. Phil. Jour. tions for its government. Having accom. Violin and Violincello.Mr James Watplished this part of the object, it was resolv- son, a blind musician from Dundee, has ed, at a meeting held on the 3d February invented a method by which he can play 1820, to invite Thomas Telford, Esq. civil upon these two instruments at once, with engineer, to become President of the Socie. the greatest facility and correctness. He ty. Mr Telford having accepted this office, plays on the violin in the usual manner, the institution may be considered as estaba and on the violincello by means of his feet. lished, and an opportunity is now afforded His right foot goes into a sort of shoe at to qualified persons to become Ordinary, the end of the bow, and in consequence of Corresponding, or Honorary Members. his right thigh being supported by a spring The leading objects of the institution are, attaclied to the chair on which he sits, he Ist, To form a depository of useful facts, of has the full command of his foot, without descriptions of various works, of new inven- suffering any fatigue. By means of his tions, of discoveries, &c. on subjects connect- left foot he acts upon a set of levers, by ed with the profession of a civil engineer. which he shortens the strings with great fa2d, To collect a library of books, maps, cility. Mr Watson has frequently played drawings, &c. which are useful in the pro- thirteen and fourteen hours in one day, fession. The number of members is limite without any extraordinary fatigue.-Edin. ed, and is divided into three classes : Ist, Phil. Jour: Ordinary Members are those who, by pro New Musical Instrument.-M. Schort. fession, are practical engineers, and whose man of Buttstead has invented a new musiplaces of residence admit of their general cal keyed instrument, the tones of which attendance at the meetings. 2d, Corresponde are produced by short rods of burned wood, ing Members (by profession practical engi- of various lengths and breadths, thrown into neers) are those whose places of residence do a state of vibration by a current of air. not allow of their frequent attendance at Its pianissimo resembles the Eolian harp, the meetings. 3d, Honorary Members are and is described as imitating the harmonica, persons who have written on topics connect. clarionet, horn, hautboy, and violin.-Edin. . ed with the profession of an engineer, and Phil. Jour. from whom no pecuniary contribution is Physical Strength of Men.-M. Couexpected. From the ability and zeal of lomb, in his fine Memoir on the Physical many of the gentlemen who take the lead Strength of Men, after remarking that he in this Society, we entertain very sanguine had always found the grenadiers to perform hopes that it will be an institution equally a third more work than the other companies, honourable and useful to our country. - observes, that the mean quantity of action Edin. Phil.. Jour.

varies with the nature of the food, and pare Bristol Institution. A new Literary and ticularly with the climate." I have exPhilosophical lostitution has been founded ecuted,” he says, “ great works at Mar. at Bristol. The foundation-stone of a mag. tinique by the troops, when the thermometer nificent building for this purpose was laid rarely stood below 680 Fahrenheit: and I on the 29th February 1820.-Edin. Phil. have executed in France the same kind of Jour.

work by troops ; and I am assured, that Felled Timber.-Mr T. A. Knight has under the 34th degree of latitude, where the ascertained, by direct experiment, that men are almost always inundated with there is a striking difference between the perspiration, they are not capable of half properties of, spring and winter felled tim- the quantity of duily work which they can ber; the former absorbing much more furnish in our climate. The following moisture than the other. He is of opinion experiments by Peron, with Regnier's dythat oak timber would be much improved namometer, shew that the individual strength if the tree, after being barked in the spring, depends also on the climate. was permitted to stand till the following winter.- Edin. Phil. Jour.


71.4 Uredo Nivalis.--Mr F. Bauer has found

French, .

64.2 that the red globules of this fungus vegetat


58.7 ed and produced new fungi when they were Van Dieman's Land, 51.8 placed in fresh snow. He ascertained that New Holland, . 50.6 they vegetated in water alone, but in this

'Edin. Phil. Jour. VOL. VII.


Height and Thickness of Men in Scot. noise is three times greater in the night land. The following Comparative State than in the day. Some writers have ascribment of the Height and Thickness of Men ed this to the cessation of the humming of round the Chest, in different Counties of insects, the singing of birds, and the action Scotland, as taken from the Local Militia, of the wind upon the leaves of trees ; but was printed in the Edinburgh Medical and this cannot be the cause of it at the Orinoco, Surgical Journal, Vol. XIII.

where the humming of insects is much greater in the night than in the day, and

where the breeze is never felt till after sunAverage Average

set. Humboldt therefore ascribes it to the Regiments. Inches round Inches in the Chest. Height.

preserice of the sun, which acts on the pro

pagation and intensity of sound, by opposHighland Lanark, 38.71 67.39

ing them with currents of air of different 2d Edinburgh,

38.79 .


density, and partial undulations of the 39.07 67.20

atmosphere, caused by the unequal heat. Peebles,

ing of different parts of the ground.

In 2d Fife,

39.82 67.29

these cases, the waves of sound are divided 6th Lanark,

39.91 68.60

into two waves, where the density of the 2d Argyll,

medium suddenly changes, and a sort of

40.07 67.74 1st Argyll,

acoustic mirage is produced, arising from 67.76

40.09 East Stirling,


the want of homogeneity of the air, in the

08.06 Annan and Eskdale, 40.64 68.15

same manner as the luminous mirage is Kirkcudbright,

produced from an analogous cause...Ann. 41.01 68.59

đe Chin.

Golden Image of the Idol Vishnu.--This Average Heights of Men.

valuable image was found at Nassick in

May 1818, with jewels and other property Number of

belonging to the Peishwa. It is composed Heights.

the different
Sizes in 100.

of the purest gold from Mount Ophir, and

weighs 370 tolas. Since 1707, when it Ft. Inch. Ft. Inch.

was made, it has been preserved with the 4 & 5 5 15.2

highest veneration as one of the principal 37.2

household deities in the family of Leewajee 6 8. 5 9 31.2

and his descendants. A numerous and ex0 5 11 13.5

pensive establishment of bramins, and other 0 6 1 2.0

attendants, were maintained for it. It accompanied the late Peishwa in all his pil.

grimages, in a state palanquin, escorted by Comparative Sizes of Men's Heads, as

eads, as some of his choicest troops. During the ascertained by actual Measurement, upon late Mahratta war, the deity was sent in an extensive scale, in Retail Hat-shops in

this manner to Nassick, where it was dis. London and Edinburgh.

covered by the British authorities, and sent

to Poonah. As it is intended to be sold, Inches cir- Edinburgh

London cumference. Number in 100. Number in 100.

it is hoped that the East India Company

will purchase it for their museum. It is 19.5 0.000

.450 now deposited in the Company's baggage 19.875 0.285

.164 warehouse. --Asiatic Journal. 20.25

2.285 4.942 Description of Rare Plants in the Botanic 20.625 6.285 11.696 Garden at Berlin.--The first number of a 21.

16.428 25.864 description of the rare plants growing in 21.375 27.428 28.830 the Botanic Garden at Berlin has just ap21.75 21.571 13.344 peared, under the auspices of the minister 21.125 13.000

10.049 who presides over the scientific department. 8.428

3.789 The plates are coloured, and the arrange22.875 3.142

0.328 ment of the whole is like that of Andrews 23.25 0.857

0.328 Repository.--Edin. Phil. Jour. 23.625 0.285

0.164 Germany.-A quarry of marble of ex24. 0.000

0.000 traordinary beauty has been lately disco.

vered, near Meran, in the country of the On the Increase of Sound during the Tyrol. In the whiteness and fineness of Night. It has been remarked, even by its grain, it will bear comparison with the the ancients, that the intensity of sound is best marble of Carara, which now growing greatly increased during the night. Hum scarce, this discovery acquires additional boldt was particularly struck with this fact importance. It is found

ce. It is found in great abund. when he heard the noise of the great catar. ance, and the proximity of the Adige renacts of the Orinoco in the plain which sur. ders its transportation easy to the Adriatic, rounds the Mission of the Apures. This while, in another direction, the river Gun


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