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Italian nobility, and sometimes even with Percival fallen by the hand of an assassin, Italian commonalty. But who are they than she felt it by the renewal of the atthat bring this charge? It is not for your tacks which his gallantry and uncommon Lordships to do so. You are the last per. constancy had dissipated. Mr Whitbread sons in the world who should talk of this. was then her defender; when that catasYou are the witnesses whom I have to call trophe occurred, which good men of all parto vindicate her Majesty from that charge. ties lamented, she then heard the distant While here, the Princess of Wales court rumbling of another storm, which did not eously opened the doors of her palace to then approach her, for her daughter stood the families of the Peers of England ; she her friend, and the world then worshipped condescended to mix with those virtuous the rising sun. When that daughter died, persons; she condescended to court your all that storm which had been gathering society and so long as your associating burst on her head by the appointment of with her could second views which were the Milan Commission. And, as if no not her views--so long as interests (which day of loss to my Illustrious Client could were not her interests) could be promoted pass without some act in the drama thereby, she did not court it in vain. But against her, the day in which her constant when the lust of place and power, of which friend and our late revered Sovereign was she was the instrument and the victim, saw laid in the earth, that same sun ushered that it was to be gratified elsewhere, she the ringleader of the band of perjured witcourted your company in vain. It was nesses into the palace of her consort.-Mr then that Peers and Peeresses, whom she Brougham then adverted to the palpable had condescended to court, deserted her. falsehood of the witnesses for the prose. In the midst of the injury thus heaped cution. His Learned Friend had first stated upon her, she still had one support in the that he would bring forward witnesses to undiminished respect and affection of her prove her Majesty's misconduct down to much loved, and revered, and lamented the present time, and then he produces daughter. But when the marriage of that witnesses who swear to her misconduct to daughter was contemplated ; when all within three years of the present time. England was occupied with this subject Then at Naples his Learned Friend had which so much concerned it ; the only stated, and he prayed their Lordships' at. person to whom it was not announced was tention to this, he should show there were the mother! All she had done to merit decisive marks of two persons having slept this neglect was, that she, by the evidence in the bed. Upon her return from the which he had brought against her, had opera, said he, she went to Bergami's bedbeen proved to be innocent of the crime room, and was inaccessible on the following with which he had charged her. When day. Every one of these facts, as stated in that marriage actually took place, it was succession, rises in importance one above only known to the mother of the Princess the other; and every one of which he not Charlotte by a courier sent to announce the only fails to prove, but is actually negativunion to the Pope that ancient, and ed by the witness brought to support them. valued, and faithful ally of the Protestant Demont, who swears to nothing decisive, succession. A fatal event then happened, denies she knew at what hour the Princess which was communicated to the Allied returned-denies she knew where Bergami Powers who might sympathize in it, and slept, and says that her Majesty was up even to powers not allied to us, by special the following day at her usual hour. messengers. But the person who had the He came next to the masquerade. She did most interest in the event was left to have not go in her own state coach, with bedizher feelings stunned and overwhelmed, by ened trappings, with all the pomp of a hearing by accident of the death, as she princess : she went in a hired carriage, says had heard of the marriage, of her daugh, he, without the Royal Arms painted on the ter. The decease of the Princess Charlotte pannels; and she actually went out at the of Wales was only signified to her mother back door, instead of going by the front, by the issuing of the Milan Commission. and displaying to the world the great feat See the unhappy fate of this Illustrious she was about to accomplish. He (Mr Woman! Her lot it has been always to Brougham) wondered he had not added lose her surest stay when the greatest dan. that she disguised herself in a domino. gers threatened ; and hardly has there Then, says his Learned Friend, I am inbeen one loss which she has sustained, structed to state that the dress of the Queen which has not been the signal for an attack was most indecent and disgusting, and so upon her existence! Mr Pitt, her first much so that she was hooted from the pubdefender and early friend in this country, lic theatre. The witness, however, only died in 1806 ; few weeks elapsed before a said that her dress was exceedingly ugly, charge of treason was made against her. and that she wore an ugly masqke. The Mr Pitt left her as a legacy to Mr Perci. Attorney-General had said, that at Messina val-Mr Percival was her firm, able, and the Queen and "Bergami were locked up undaunted advocates. No sooner had Mr. together at night in the same bed-room ; and that at Zavouna, on the 12th of April, witnesses at Naples had left the room, and the only access to her bed-room was from they wait until he returns, before they emhis. The witness, however, only swore to brace. At Terracina they retire into a one of these facts. His Learned Friend room, but not alone, and they wait until had said, that she remained a very consi. Majocchi enters before the familiarity takes derable time in the room with Bergami, place. They are seen sitting close together during which they were heard kissing each on a gun on the deck of a vessel; this is an other. He (Mr Brougham) had no doubt act of a still higher colour, and it is there his learned Friend had this fact in his pa. fore stated to be done in the presence of per, but he had it nowhere else. A courier, eleven persons; but wlieti they are sitting he said, who returned from Milan, would in such a manner as to leave nothing to the prove, that upon his entrance Bergami imagination, this occurs in presence of all came from the Queen's room--that he was passengers and crew, and in the height of confused, and explained the reason of his open daylight. But the case is not let having been there, saying he had heard his here. The parties are nothing less than child cry, and had gone to see what was the allies of their accusers. So far is this the matter with it. Sacchi not only does done, that Bergami cannot retire into a not speak of such a thing, but denies it as room with the Princess to change their dresstrongly as a man can deny any thing, by ses, to strip themselves from head to foot, denying all recollection whatever of it. but the honest Swiss waiting-maid is placed Mr Brougham then observed upon the at the door, and told what they are going statement of his Majesty's Attorney-Gene- to do, and that she is to remain there until ral, that no respectable person bad kept their purposes are accomplished.

omblished. Was company with the Queen, and asked how ever vice so unwary, was ever such folly he had forgotten Lady Charlotte Lindsay's exhibited, was ever passion so unmasked ? Joining her after all this shocking conduct, Even when the blood was boiling in youth, also Lady Campbell, &c. She was courte- was there ever beings so recklessly_s0117ously received by the legitimaté, (so far as sanely regardless of every consideration descent can legitimize,) by the legitimate that belongs to human nature? The Duke of Baden ; she was also not only re. Queen comes to England and confronts ceived: but courted by the legitimate Stew. the witnesess which are brought against arts of Sardinia, who were, according to her, notwithstanding the threats with which some persons, more legitimate than the she was overwhelmed, and refused every Brunswicks. Now her Majesty was not offer to coinpromise her honour. He (Mr only thus received by these Princes, but by B.) had read human nature very errone. á Sovereign, whose legitimacy was, if the ously if these were not the symptoms of lapse of ages gave legitimacy, more le. innocence unsuspected. First, wliat was gitimate than his Excellency the Bey of the description of evidence brought forward? Tunis. She was also received by the Re. Servants who had lived for years in her presentative of the British Nation at Con- Majesty's service; servants who had been stantinople. In short, everywhere, and on well tutored abroad, and then were brought all occasions, she was received by persons of to this country, to which they might never the first distinction. Suffer me now, my return, and to speak before a tribunal of Lords, the indulgence to look a little more which they were unacquainted, and from narrowly at the case opened by the Attor- which they had no reason to dread any ney-General, and which has not been prov. thing, and in a country where they had no ed by him. The first thing worth remark. character at stake. These were the very ing, which must have struck your Lord- persons conspirators would employ. All ships, was, that it was marvellous, with all foreigners are not made of these materials; the means which the other side possessed, but if there was one nation more adapted they had not only fallen short of the case to such a plot than another, he was convin. which was opened, but short of any foun- ced it was the country of Augustus, where dation for the charges against her Majesty. it was proverbial that evidence could always The parties are saià not only to have used be procured for money from among the no caution, but to have cautiously used lower classes in Italy. You remember every means of discovery on themselves the Attorney-General opened his case with which their most malignant adversary could the description of a dancer; and endeawish for. In proportion as the acts alleged voured to illustrate 'an exhibition the most are criminal, in the same proportion are brutal and humiliating to human nature. the witnesses numerous and their opportu. He describes the most indecent attitudes. nities good. In short, unless human na. I will show you how the Attorney-General ture is altered, no human beings could knew this to be most important. After an have acted as her Majesty and Bergami interval of three or four days, he brings are said to have done. They are asserted others to prove what the first witnesses had to have several times saluted; but a kiss not swore. This ought to speak volumes never occurs without care being taken that against the evidence. Majocchi's general witnesses should be present. One of the answer was, (you all know,) Non mi ricordo,

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when questioned as to the attitudes of this he alleged he had no watch. Mr Brough dancer-he had not seen, or did not re- am next exposed his shuffling with respect member. The Solicitor-General asked, to the money he had received, and showed

Did he use any part of his dress? An- that the facts he was swearing to could not swer, No. Again, Did he move his have existed, or he must have remembered trowsers ?' Majocchi says his trowsers were better what he had stated at Milan, from always in the same state. Here, my Lords, which the Attorney-General had stated, that was no shadow of proof. My Lords, I he heard Bergami kissing the Queen, while tell you plainly, that this dance has been Majocchi only swore he heard them whis. witnessed by wives and daughters, as mo- pering. Mr Brougham next exposed the dest, virtuous, and unspotted, as any your absurdity of his testimony, in swearing that Lordships are acquainted with. He next the Queen went through his room on her called the attention of their Lordships to way to that of Bergami, when she might the general nature of the testimony for the have gone another way, by which she might support of the Bill. Instead of witnesses have escaped detection, while her going being called to prove what the Attorney-Ge- through the room in which he (Majocchi) neral had dwelt upon with so much empha- was sleeping, in a bed without curtains, and sis in his opening speech-instead of the to whose eyes she held a candle, rendered ladies, who, as he had insinuated, had left detection and exposure inevitable. What the service of the Queen in consequence of he swore respecting his leaving her Royal the impropriety of conduct evinced by her Highness's service must be gross, perjury ; Majesty, he, lest they should form a strange for he said, in one breath, that he would contrast with every witness brought forward rather eat the grass than live in a house for his case, with the exception of only two, such as the Princess's ; and in the next; omitted to call upon ladies who hest knew he said that he had applied to be taken why they had left this Princess, on whose back, on his own admission, once; and character no imputation had been, or when asked, had he not often applied, his could be cast, and thein he had left to the answer was-Non mi ricordos - Mr Broughdefence. If the case was closed here--if am then passed to the Master and Mate of he brought forward no witnesses to rebut the polacre, who, he said, were the best the testimony for the Bill-could their paid witnesses, or even Italians, on record, Lordships pass it? He thought not. Mr and went on to show that the suns which Brougham then, at one o'clock, expressed they got for compensation far exceeded the his wish that their Lordships would allow income of the Italian nobility of the first him some minutes to recover from ex- rank. Eight thousand pounds a year was haustion, ard to take some refreshment, stated to be the annual profits of the Mate's After having been absent for an hour, he vessel, which at Naples was equal to resumed-He defied the wit of man to con- L. 16,000 or L. 20,000 in England - and ceive cases of more flagrant perjury than this was what no ship-owner in the kingthose to be found in the evidence of Majoc. dom of the Two Sicilies was worth. But chi. În answer to the Attorney-General's the evidence of the Captain evidently proquestions, he stated that the room of Ber- ceeded from spite, as well as from the hope gami was near and communicating with of reward. It was bottomed in revenge; that of her Majesty, while those of the rest for he had quarrelled with Bergami about of the suite were distant and apart; yet not receiving L. 1300, which he said had when he is asked, on his cross-examina- been promised him, and the only knowtion, where these other rooms were, he says ledge which the prosecutor in this case had he does not remember. As another sam- of the witness was, that he made a claim ple of his veracity, Mr Brougham referred upon the government of this country for to his evidence respecting the positions of that L. 1300. Mr Brougham then pointthe rooms at the Villa d'Este, which he ed out the contradiction between the testiread, and demonstrated its inconsistency, mony of the Master and Mate, respecting observing that it was by much the safest her Royal Highness being seen sitting on way to build a conspiracy on a foundation the gun, and Bergami and she kissing; of facts, which, with little address, and a and dwelt upon that part of the Master's evigood deal of drilling, might endanger the dence where he says, that on seeing the life of an honest man, or the honour of an Princess and Bergami leaning together Illustrious Princess. As further evidence over the side of the vessel, he had sent of Majocchi's perjury, Mr Brougham enu- away the crew to another part of the ship, merated the instances in which his recol- lest they might witness this familiarity. lection was so precise as to enable him to He wished to remind their Lordships what State, to the very minute, the time at which kind of a person Madame Demont describ any fact occurred, while under the exami. ed herself to be; he wished to take her nation of the Attorney-General : but on own account. She said she was the enemy his cross-examination he could not even of mankind; she did not like mankind in state how many hours at night they used to the abstract. She had, however, formed travel. In excuse for which forgetfulness an attachment to one man-an Italian

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Gentleman she called him; she would not there was an extraordinary want of talents call him a servant. She loved sweet liber. in the deputies who were employed to proty, and to its pursuit this mountain nymph cure witnesses ? In the whole of the Hel. had devoted herself. She has a talent for vetic League, but a single witness, a waittelling a story, and it was her constant ing maid, could be found. In all the circles practice to deal in double entendres, so that of Germany, there was also but one witness it is impossible to arrive at her meaning, discovered, and she was the waiter, or cel, The whole universe believed her testimony lar-maid, or servant of the waiter at an to be false, and he hoped their Lordships inn. In the capital of Germany no witwould not prove an exception to all the ness was obtained. Mr Brougham then rest of mankind. One thing he forgot to commented with great ability on the evi, mention, was the affection Madame Demontdence of Krantz. If there was a want of had expressed for her sister, who was just witnesses from Germany, there was no want coming into the world at the innocent age of agents there to procure them ; neither of fifteen, and she did all in her power to did these agents want resources, activity, obtain a situation for that sister ; a situa- or industry. I feel satisfaction, however, tion, if her own account is to be credited, my Lords, in adding, that they were all the most unfit for any virtuous person, es- German agents, and that not a single Bri. pecially for Madame Demont's own sister. tish subject is to be found among them. I Here he reverted to the evidence of Sacchi introduce fearlessly to your Lordships the - servant, an Italian, a courier, who Baron Rhaden, the Minister of Wirtempretends to be a gentleman, and says, berg, whose throne was filled by a Princess 46 Thank God, he has always been indepen. Royal of England. He had heard the dent:" Indeed, my Lords, allowing that Queen was about to arrive, and he most this man had received a pair of colours, courteously gave up his own apartments, this does not prove the Italians in the from which, as soon as he separated, the French army to be of a very scrupulous Queen took possession of them; and the character. He went by three names, two moment she departed from them he return. of which we only know. When he first ed, and set about examining everything; came here, he commenced double entendres. "running everywhere,” to use Barbara He also said he was in the service of a re- Krantz's expression, looking into the sheets, spectable Spanish family, and that he intend. and taking notes of what had passed, to ed to commence à law-suit against her. please those who, I know and feel, were Now, my Lords, I take leave to ask, how about sending him on such a duty. Yet he he has procured the place he now holds does not condescend to come forward as a witwith a servant attending him. We must ness; he does not show the same boldness suppose he gets his money, not in a very in degrading himself before your Lordcreditable way, and that he is paid by some ships, as when he degraded himself and his unknown party.--On asking him why did sovereign before the world. But his abhe change his name, he answered, " on sence is of paramount importance, as there account of the tumult;" happily, he does is no witness produced to support his story not recollect that he came over to this coun- but Barbara Krantz. Let us pursue the try in the year 1819, and that the tumult testimony of this only witness. She tells did not happen till the year 1820. The you she was brought over by compulsion, Attorney-General very properly did not and at the same time she made her bargain press him further on this point. But Mr for her loss of time. Your Lordships see Brougham then proceeded to comment on in hur evidence with what reluctance the the improbability of the facts sworn to by amount of the compensation she had reSacchi on his drawing aside the curtains of ceived was wrung from her. « Were you the carriage. He asked what would be examined before? Yes : at Hanover. thought if he proved that carriage was an What Irad you for going there? It was so English carriage, with spring blinds, which little I can't recollect. It was little-very Sacchi could not raise without putting his little.”-page 193. Why the less it was hands through the window. Sacchi was the more easily remembered. “But this asked whether any person beside the Queen nothing turned out to be a larger sum by and Bergami was in the carriage, and for five times than the amount of her wages that question he provided the device of his what if it was ten times greater? No man, celebrated predecessor-Majocchi, Non mi in the employment of his plain understandricordo. Mr Brougham remarked on the ing, will pretend to say he can believe this improbability of this forgetfulness, but woman, who says she expects nothing in said it should not cover the gentleman, for future! when her expectations must be he would prove there was a third person in measured by the past." I before observed the carriage. After remarking on some to your Lordships, that the Ambassador is other parts of Sacchi's evidence, the House not here--there are others also not here. adjourned ; it being four o'clock. . There are other persons belonging to the

Oct. 4. Mr Brougham proceeded nearly Queen's suite, whose absence I shall have as follows: My Lords, How comes it that to observe is most important. But let us again cross the Alps. Except those I have ther was what is called a considerable promentioned, the other witnesses were mere prietor in the North of Italy; he had, ly make-weights. The character and na. however, the misfortune to get into difficul. ture of these were of the lowest class of so, ties misfortune, my Lords, which bas ciety-some of them even degraded whose befallen many honourable men, and his testimony, after all the pains bestowed up- son sold his estates to pay his father's on them, there was a total failure to clothe debts. Bergami was thus reduced; but with the appearance of probability. Ras- he was a reduced gentleman; as such, too, telli, who swears to the greatest abomina- he was considered and treated by all who tion having been practised in the open face knew him. When in General Pino's service, of day, had his lips practically sealed, never he dined at the General's table, while the to be opened but before the Milan Com- latter was Commandant of Milan. Dur. mission, though belonging to a class of men ing the Spanish campaign he was highly rewho are appointed as gossips by their staa spected and esteemed he was encouraged, tion. Was it possible for the Princess of because they knew his former pretensions Wales to be sailing on the Lake of Como, and his present merits. When he was or riding in the open face of day with her hired he was proposed by a nobleman in servant, in situations which no person the Austrian service as courier to the could look at without a blush? He never Queen, and was hired by her chamberlain did conceal it. He might have concealed without the knowledge of her Majesty. it till he had hatched the story, but he Mr Brougham then read a letter of the late kept it secret no longer than the commis. King's to his daughter-in-law, then Pansion at Milan demanded it, and rewarded cess of Wales, upon the subject of the him for his invention. Do your Lordships charges then brought against her. The remember a wretch who kept the inn at Learned Gentleman then read the celebrate Carlsrhue? Do your Lordsīips recollected Letter from the Prince of Wales to the his physiognomy; the damnable expression Princess, in which he promised her tran: of his eye; the brutal passions pourtrayed quillity. I do not, he continued, call it a by that mouth? Do your Lordships re- letter of licence, as it has been called, but collect the damnable eye of that old lecher ? I call it such an epistle as must have ren. Him I recollect perfectly. He shall not dered it matter of great wonder to the pergo without punishment; he shall not ég. son who received it, that her conduct should cape without receiving the reward due to afterwards have been made the subject of his villany. I have him here. There are such unscrupulous and unsparing scrutiny. many others who may escape without Mr Brougham concluded his speech by punishment;-many who have sworti false- the following eloquent appeal to their ly ; but him I will prevent. The Learn- Lordships, which was delivered with cored Gentleman here explained the horrible responding animation.- My Lortis, 1 falsehoods of which this witness had been pray your Lordships to pause! You, my guilty. And then, with great ability, went Lords, are standing on the brink of a'. over the fabrications of Demont, &c. re. dreadful precipice; your judgment will specting Naples. He next reminded their go forth to the world; if that judgment is Lordships there were two witnesses who against the Queen, it may be the last and were not both called, though it was only judgment you will ever pronounce ! open to the Attorney-General to call them That judgment, my Lords, will fail in its --the two maids who slept in the room object, and it will return with redoubled next to the Queen.-Perhaps in the sister violence on those who give it! Save the of Demont she is harbouring this moment country, my Lords, from the heaviest a second viper. I shall present her to calamity of a civil war! Save yourselves, your Lordships, assuring you that it is my Lords, from the situation in which you perfectly gratuitous on her part; and in are now standing! Rescue that country' order to prevent any person from suppose of which you are the ornament, but in ing that there exists a witness we dare not which you can flourish no longer when secall. My Lords, I am told that Bergami vered from the people, than can the blossom was promoted from an humble sphere of when it is cut off from the root and stem of life, and that his promotion is a just cause the tree! Save that country, my Lords, of suspicion. I should be sorry, my Lords, that you may continue to be the ornament ever to see the day when, in this free coun. of it! Save the crown which is in jeopartry,deserved promotion would become a cause dy, and the aristocracy, which is shaken, of suspicion. Let me observe, however, as is also the altar itself, which never more that the rapidity with which Bergami was can stand secure ! If your judgment be promoted has been greatly exaggerated, and against the Queen, it will shake to the that it took place in a manner which could foundation the kindred throne! You, my not have proceeded from love. My Lords, Lords, have willed, the Church and Crown he was promoted, not from affection, but have willed, that the Queen shall be left for merit. He was, as you will find, noty out of the solemn service, but she has had as has been asserted, of low origin; his fa- the prayers of the people ; and, my Lords,

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