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you, Queeny, and your son Mr Ausa weaker sex. So strictly, indeed, does tin!” The girl, partly from fear, and Sir Edward adhere to his antiquated partly from delight at being so dis- notions of gallantry, that (bigoted, tinguished, nodded and grinned, and Tory as he is par métier) I am doubtshouted as loud as the loudest of them; ful if he would enter the lists of poliand the crowd, enraptured with this tical combat with aunt Eleanor, even fresh proof of royal affability, increas- if she were to throw down her gage ed so rapidly, that, by the time they and challenge him to the field by conreached Baker Street, their numbers tradicting his favourite maxim, that were formidable enough to make us Royalty cannot err. seriously wish them away. In this It will be an interesting specudilemma, old Samuel came to our res- lation to observe him endeavouring cue, and produced a diversion in our to reconcile his rigid ideas of what favour in a most general-like manner, female delicacy should be, and the by running to the end of the street, stories which are now the (disand calling with all the might of his graceful) theme of every conversaStentorian lungs,-" This way, my tion, with this foundation-stone of his lads, this way, or we'll be too late to political creed-The Queen is royal, see the clipse and the sun and moon ergo, She cannot be wrong. But here go down to the House of Lords to a formidable difficulty opposes him: vote for the Queen !” In an instant, She is infallibly guilty, because--Le almost whilst he was speaking, the Roi le veut, and He must be right. mob had disappeared, and we were This is what aunt Eleanor would call left to the arduous undertaking of re- being in a “ cleft stick,”-a situation storing order within doors; but dis- in which she so rejoices to place her traction still reigned when Sir Ed- antagonist, thạt, for her satisfaction, I ward arrived.

will leave the Baronet there, and proI almost despair of describing the ceed to gratify the impatience which effect his appearance had upon me. I am sure is gaining upon you, to hear His silver locks cannot, I think, some account of his lovely daughter, have seen less than seventy win- a subject I would fain have avoidtérs, yet, from his firm, erect, and ed, for all I have to relate the parish somewhat military carriage, the bril- register could just as truly tell you liancy of his eye, and the bold outline that Gertrude, the seventh child of of his features, you would suppose Sir Edward and Lady Trevor, was him scarcely sixty years old. When born September 5th, A. D. 1798 ; Edward introduced me to his father, that her three eldest sisters are mara I felt myself instantly transported far ried ; that two of her brothers are in fronı brick walls and sashed windows the navy, two at college, one in the to the sandy wilds of Africa, making army, and the heir-apparent, as you my obeisance in the tent of an ancient very well know, earning laurels in Arab chieftain, wbo, at once father Westminster Hall; the names and and king of his tribe, governed them ages of the twelve youngsters whose by these two short but comprehensive delighted eyes gazed upon London for rules : I will You must. But, at the first time yesterday afternoon you the same time that you feel his domi- will not, I think, require me to enunion to be thus absolute, you are merate. With shame I confess it, the struck by the conviction that it is interview that was to have decided kindly administered. His conduct to my fate has taken place, and my heart women is a striking proof of this A is still my own; but I must plead, in firm supporter of the opinion that the mitigation of your censure, that it fair sex are of an inferior creation, would have been contrary to all pre born to obey and minister to lorılly cedent and practice to have “ fallen in man, yet his manner towards them is love at first sight," in a hall crowded remarkable for all those respectful at- with trunks, packing cases, portman. tentions, that polite and tender hoteaus, imperials, and domestics of all mage, which distinguished the court- shapes and sizes. The truth is, there ier of the old school; and he never, was something so absorbing in the inin his frequent enumeration of the terest the father excited, that all I can crying sins of the rising generation, remember of Miss Trevor is, that, omits to mention the ungallant non. when I was announced as “My friend chalance which the young men of the De Coverley," I received an acknowpresent day manifest towards the ledging curtsey from a tall young lady

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in a close bonnet and thick green veil. he was very glad to find they had gie I have time, however, to redeem my ven the old fisherman's starved horse pledge before Tuesday, as I am desir- a feed of corn, and that he should ed to consider Baker Street as another give orders it should have some in fuhome till we leave London. In the ture whenever it came. You will be last letter I had from George he talk- sorry to hear your aunt Eleanor is ed of being at Bandyborough some very far from well ; indeed, I believe day this week. He will, I hope, be she works herself into fevers about the one of the dear circle I shall greet with Queen, which is a very great pity; such joy on Wednesday, Trevor and and, when I try to compose her, by he must break a lance in honour of telling her the truth will come out at their respective mistresses, Law and last, though not perhaps in our time, Poesy, for Don Quixote of old was she only gets the more violent, and not more devoted to the fair she of says she had rather die than not find Toboso than they are to their Dulci- it out; and, to be sure, if any body neas, I have no more last words ; so does, she will, for she talks and thinks fare ye well, my dear Fanny, till hap- of nothing else, and realls all the py Wednesday. Ever your's,

newspapers over and over again. .., RICHARD DE COVERLEY She has also collected into a book

all the addresses to the Queen, and

her answers to them, which she To Richard De Coverley, Esq.,

says are wonderfully fine and clever, Saturday night, Bandyborough,

and has offered to read them all to inayoorougn, me, but I have begged her to keep Dept. ,, ,,,,,them to amuse poor Mr Scamony with DEAR RICHARD, As I find you in his present grief, which I dare sáý leave town so soon, I write in a great is very great, though he is so consi hurry, which is very disagreeable to derate'as to take pains not to shew it mé, as I never like to be hurried, to to us, for fear, as he justly says, of desire you will call at Twining's, and making us melancholy; but I am desire they will send me a quarter of sure I pity him ' very much neverthe a chest of the same tea I had before. less, for he had known her all his life, I beg you will be very particular and being the widow of his schoolmaster, make no mistake, for the tea in this which must have been a very prudent town is very bad, and, as Fanny just match for him, considering how young ly observes, tastes too strong of the he was, and that she had a comfortverdegris. I am sorry I have to tell able jointure, which, poor man, I am you a very melancholy piece of news, sorry to say, he loses by her death. (all happened since our rout,) which I have written a longer letter than I I don't doubt will shock you very intended, which is owing to your much, which is, that our good neighi aunt's being in the drawing-room, bour Mrs Scamony is dead, which talking about the Queen's injured ini is a very great loss to us, as she would nocence with Mrs Glossover, so "I always come and play, at cards with thought I had better stay out of the me whenever I would send the car way, particularly, as I was told yesa riage for her, which, indeed, was very terday, that Mrs Glossover is herself kind, considering she was such a good a woman of very light character, player, and I such a bad one ; for I which, indeed, I should never have do not recollect that I ever won a rub- guessed, as she has paid sucho very ber against her. She was, besides, a particular attention to us all, ahu has very friendly woman, and took a great shewn such a desire to be acquainteil interest in all that concerned us; and, with us, I really thought her a very as her bed-room overlooked our sta- civil good kind of woman. I am now ble-yard, she has often told me things quite tired, and am my dear Richard's that have distressed me very much; affectionate mother, i 19"}$12 41 79514d for she used to say the waste of hay ' JOÀN DE COVERLEY. Tv and corn was shameful, whick was very kind in her to tell me, though · P. S.-I cannot recollect whether you know, my dear, I could not help Mr Trevor likes boiled or fried soles it, as I cannot look after the coach best." I wish you had thought of man and stable-boys; however, I told mentioning it in your letter to Fanyour father of it, and all he said was, ny.

as Isid . ! ; * 3a

AN ACCOUNT OF TWO RECEND AT- We arrived there on the 3d of August, 1. TEMPTS TO ASCEND MONT BLANC, the anniversary of the ascension of 's BY DR HAMEL, COUNSELLOR OF Saussure, passing by the villages of

* STATE TO THE EMPEROR OF ALL Bionnay and Bionnassay, the hill or 3. THE RUSSIAS.

rather the plain of Lacha, and going (From the Bibliotheque Universelle of along the side of Mont-de-Lar. We : August 1820.)

stopped at Pierre-Ronde at half-past

seven, not far from a torrent which FROM the first period of my ac- descends from the glacier of Bionnas quaintance with the journeys and the

say, to pass the night under the shel labours of the celebrated Saussure of ter of some rocks. The night was Geneva, I have always felt a strong uncommonly fine ; and next morning, inclination to visit the valley of Cha- at half-past two, we again began our inouny, and, above all, to see Mont march, by moonlight, traversing an Blanc, that king of mountains, con- acclivity of

- acclivity of ice till we came to Têtequered by the perseverance of this in- Bouisse

in Rousse. * About a quarter before five defatigable, investigator of nature. At

o'clock, the sun began to illuminate

the last, in the present year, I had an op successively the peaks of the mounportunity of being at Chamouny, and tains on the wil

tains on the side of Sallenches, whilst of admiring the wonders of this coun- their bases were vet in darkness. try. I have seen the whole chain of Th

Of The effect of this partial illumination mountains which surround it; I have

was very fine. To us, placed in obvisited the rivers of ice which descend

scurity, it seemed as if a number of from the eternal snows in which they torches had been lighted, one after are again immersed ; and often I nxed another, below us. my eyes upon the most elevated point. From the pinnacles of Tête-Rousse, of Europe, without daring, so many called by Saussure the bases of the difficulties presented themselves, to Needle of Gouté. + we directed our form an idea of ascending to its sum

course towards this point itself, at the mit. However, having had occasion for

foot of which we arrived twenty-two to pass by the baths of St Gervais, I

minutes past five; but to gain the learned that two people of the coun- ridge by wbich it was attainable, we try had succeeded in reaching the top had to traverse in a horizontal line, of Mont Blanc, and descended the and

te and by notches cut in the ice by an same day to Prarion, * the place of axe, a slope of ice of from 45° to 500 their departure. This report inspired which proved extremely difficult. Af me with the desire of attempting this ter about three hours painful walking new route, which, according to the among loose stones, we reached the assertion of these people, was easier, summit of the needle at the height of less dangerous, and much shorter than 1980 toises, ten minutes before nine that of Chamouny, which had always o'clock. Here we rested for a little ; been followed since the time of Saus- and after having taken every precausure. Dis !!

tion against the cold, and the rays of As the same persons had formed i

the sun reflected by the snow, we the design of ascending a second time hi

time began our march towards the Dôme du to the summit of Mont Blanc, for the

me Gouté at half-past nine, and at halfpurpose of dissipating doubts which

n past eleven we arrived at its top. had been raised at Chamouny, of the Professor Pictet of Geneva, who was possibility of getting to the top by the this day at Chamouny with Miss way of St Gervais, I profited by this Edgeworth and other friends, observed favourable opportunity of ascending us with his telescope from the Croix at the same time. The Cures of St de Fleigère, and traced us through Gervais and St Nicolas de Verosse part of

part of this route. . offered to accompany me; and the better to succeed, we proposed to divide the ascent into two days, passing * A name given to rocks situated higher the night near the Pierre-Ronde. † up than those of Pierre-Ronde.

'+ See Voyages dans les Alps, § 1114. * Prarion is the mountain which sepa. A mountain to the N. W. of Mont Blanc, rates the valley of Chamouny from that of and of the Dome du Gouté is thus named. Mont-Joie, where the Gervais is situated. Its face is precipitous almost to the peak,

** A name applied to the roeks situated and broken by chasms covered by ice, cal. under the point called the Needle of Gouté. Jed couloirs. VOL. VII.

Tt

It was in this two hours march down to very near the place where we that I first felt the effect of rarefied had slept the preceding evening, We air on my strength. It was absolute arrived at the Pavillon de Bellevue, ly impossible for me to walk more by our former road, about nine o'clock. than forty paces, without stopping My journey convinced me of the about two minutes to take breath; falsity of the assertion, that we could and, arrived at the summit of the go from Prarion to the summit, and Dôme. (2200 toises,) * I felt myself return the same day; for although I so exhausted, that half-an-hour's re- had slept at Pierre-Ronde,' at the pose at least was necessary to enable height of about 1420 toises, I was not me to continue the ascent to the top able to accomplish it, and the guides of Mont Blanc. I found, besides, on said I had walked uncommonly well. making the calculation, that it would The proprietor of a little house, & be impossible to reach the summit, kind of inn, situated upon the moun and descend again to the Needle of tain of Chaletta, between Mont Lacha Gouté before night; and I therefore and Mont Prarion, and called Pavillon resolved to return. A mist which de Bellevue, * had thus very improb had formed around the top contribut perly invited travellers to take this ed to fix me in this determination. route, in announcing to them by a The rest of the party were also oblig- printed notice, that many strangers ed to renounce their first intention, had followed it with success. My and we all returned together. Hav- guides assured me that no traveller ing taken a rest at the edge of the had yet been so far as myself. I have Needle of Goutē, we began, about half- reason to believe, however, that the past two, to descend. The descent two excellent guides who accompanied was infinitely more painful and dan-, me, Jean François Perroud, and Maugerous than it had been on our way rice Mollard, have reached the sum: up, on account of the thawing of the mit and returned the same day; but ice, which in the morning had con- I am sure that no stranger, unaceus. tributed to consolidate the detached tomed to climb mountains, would be stones, that now gave way continuo able to do so. ? ! fwy? vita! ally under our feet. The ridges of In turning over the works of M. the Needle are in some parts almost de Saussure, I find that he had, in perpendicular, and if we had made a 1785, attempted the same route; but false step, we should have rolled down the dangers which he met with in the to the glacier of Bionnassay. To give ridge of the Needle of Gouté hinders an idea of the danger in which we ed him from going further, he did were, it may only be remarked, that not even go the length of its summit, one of our guides wept like a child (see his Travels, N 1117. This led when we began our descent. No ac- me to believe that the road of Cha. cident, however, occurred, although mouny, by which he ascended, though the stones, at every instant, receded not so direct, was 'at the least more from our feet. Over the slope of ice commodious; and I was anxious to

and snow which we had traversed in find an occasion to try it, that I might · the morning, the stones which were be able to decide which of the two

loosened from above rolled with such roads mérited the preference. ,!1928 rapidity, that they occasioned a whist. * Soon'after, I learned that some gen. ling in the air; and we preferred to tlemen of Geneva had also expressed descend, although with much diffi- a wish to go to the summit of Mont culty, towards the glacier of Bionnas- Blanc. One of these was M. Selligue, say, upon the snow of which we slid mineralogist and instrument-maker,

who informed me that he had invento *** I did not take the height of the Dome

ed a barometer on a new principle, myself. I had a new portable barometer, which he wished to try in these moun. made at Geneva, but the rescrvoir was too

i nostri little to hold all the mercury which descend. As the claim of Mont Blanc to be ed from the tube at this height. This re- the highest mountain in Europe has mark should teach the makers of these in- been recently disputed, and us, since struments to try them always under the receiver of an air pump, to ascertain that the mercury comes down as low at least as I have found its height to be 998 toithe scale.

tains. .

ses.

the time of Saussure, none of the tra had been sufficiently decarbonized in vellers who have ascended it have the lungs. , taken the trouble to measure it of also filled four flasks with alcohol, new, I was anxious to determine its which, poured upon a sponge, might height by the assistance of many ba- serye me for burring; and I wished rometers. Professor Th. de Saussure to carry back in these flasks, hermetihad the goodness to lend me an excally sealed, the air of the summit, cellent portable barometer, made at for the purpose of analysis. Turin, divided the length of 14 inch . A Papin's digester, of a very simes. The reservoir for the mercury was ple construction, was intended to prove a cylinder of glass, and the level was the possibility of cooking meat at regulated by a sight and a piston. great heights. The monks of Great M. Selligue had prepared a syphon St Bernard complain that their vicbarometer; and in case these two ba- tuals are never dressed enough. The rometers should be deranged in the reason is, that the water in open vesascent, I filled two tubes of glass from sels, being less compressed by the at18 to 20 inches in length, bent at the mosphere at great heights than in the extremity as a syphon, with mercury, plain, boils at a less degree of heat. A and after having made it boil, I shut separate apparatus was destined to meathe opening in such a manner, that sure the exact temperature at which the variations in the volume of mer- water boiled at different heights., i cury did not permit air to enter into A little table, with a Camera Luci. the long branch. - Arrived at the da, was prepared by M. Selligue, to height. I had nothing to do but to sketch a panorama from the top of draw out the cork, and allow part of Mont Blanc. the mercury to escape, and measure Professor Pictet furnished me with the column which remained in the the instruments necessary, forobserytube, I had thus four barometrical ing and measuring the temperature, instruments to measure the height of the electricity, and the humidity of the summitooted

in the atmosphere ; a compass arranged In my first ascent, I was surprised so as to observe the azimuths; a te at the effects which the rays of the lescope with level; a pocket sextant sun had on the skin, and I hoped to of Troughton, &c., 14.

n make some experiments upon the Two English gentlemen, Mr Jostrength of the rays concentrated by seph Dornford and Mr Gilbert Henlenses. Colonel Beaufoy had already derson, both from the University of paid some attention to this subject, Oxford, the first of whom had, in and I believe, with him, that these England, formed the project of asexperiments may become interesting cending Mont Blanc, were eager to in the theory of light and heat. join us, and we departed from Geneva si I purposed also to make upon my on the 16th of August, at three o'clock companions and myself, observations P. M. for Chamouny, * where we are relative to the effect of rarefied air up- rived the next day, at two, at the U. on animal organization, and, after nion Hotel, kept, by M. Charlet; what I had observed during my first (bar. 95. ther. 19° R. We consulta ascent, I flattered myself that I might ed afterwards with Joseph-Marie Couobtain some results not altogether tet, and Mathieu, sons of Pierre Balmat, useless in physiology.. .

whom M. Pictet had recommended to frI had prepared a flask of lime-wa- us as guides, equally robust and trustter to discover the presence, and, by worthy. They advised us to take approximation, the quantity of carbo- twelve guides, viz, three for each tranic acid in the air of these high regions, and to see if, at that height, the

* On our departure from Geneva, the air expired was charged with carbon

barometer was 26.11.--thermometer 24° R. in the same proportion as in regions

At Bonneville, 10 minutes before 7, bar. where, at each inspiration, there en- 26.10--therm. 28o. At St Martin, at midters about a third more of oxygen with night, bar. 26.6,8-therm. attach. 17° the same quantity of atmospheric air. the other 13o. On the 17th, at 6 A. M. I expected also to be able, at this at the same place, therm. 10° At Servoz, height, to abstract the blood of some at 20 minutes past 11, bar. 25.8,--therm. animal, to judge, by its colour, if it 20°.

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