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Chapman, minister of Kinfauns, in promiscuously. There were other relation to an academy for the educa hours, however, that did notr entér tion of a few young gentlemen, which into the fixed arrangements of the he was preparing to open... :"> in class, in which the Professor met with

Lord Cathcart, having fulfilled his the several divisions separately and diplomatic appointment, returned to when the matiner of teaching was Britain in the September of .1772, adapted to their respective circumWhen Mr Richardson accompanied stances. The books commonly read bis only surviving pupil to the Uni- during the course, in succession, were versity of Glasgow. Before he had Livy, Cicero, and sometimes Cæsar, been a year in Scotland, he became a at the morning hour; and at the secandidate for the Humanity Chair in cond meeting, Virgil, sometimes HoGlasgow College, then vacant by the race, and Terence, or Plautus, the two death of Mr Muirhead. The high last being annually alternated. Durliterary character which Mr Richard- ing the week, exercises of various son maintained, and the powerful in- kinds, such as translations from Lafluence of Lord Cathcart, who was at tin into English, and English into that time Lord Rector of the Univer- Latin, with tasks in prosodys were sity, were circumstances greatly in fa- prescribed. h. Reading - Buchanan's svour of his claims. The result was, Psalms, and revising the lessons of that, after a keen contest, in which the preceding week, formed the chief

he was preferred to the present Pro- occupation on Saturdaygd As no ree fessor of Logic only by the casting gular order was preserved in calling pote, he was elected. His appoints on the students to read, all of them ment to this situation took place on were obliged to be prepared in the - the 9th October 1773. ' , airbs passage, and to be attentive while the

Mr Richardson began his profes- business was advancing. Fines were sional career under the most favour- exacted for absence or Jateness, and able auspices. Of the particular man for non-preparation, except in some ner in which his earliest efforts in this cases, when the last offence was pudepartment were conducted, we have nished by disgrace for the imposition whad no opportunity of being inform- of tasks. to Rewards at the close of the ed; but it is probable, making due season were bestowed on the several allowances for the improvenients to divisions, according to the regularity which practice and experience must of attendance, the propriety of beha- have given rise, that the plan which viour, and the proficiency in learning, he then adopted was much the same of the different students. 4. 70 fot as that which he latterly pursued, and The private class consisted of stuwhich, without any reference at pres dents from all the classes. The ini. sent to the merits of the teacher, it tiatory discipline of the other class may not be improper in this place was here dispensed with, as those who shortly to describe.si, Ilse

attended it were, for the most part, The Humanity Class, at the period of some maturity of understanding. of our acquaintance with it, was die During a part of the hour, a passage vided into two great parts, the Public from Horace or some other author and Private. In the former, the Pro- being selected, the meaning of diffifessor prelected on some portion of a cult words was given, intricacies of Latin author, which a considerable expression unfolded, critical dissertaportion of the class, who said from tionsread, the readings of differenticomtheir own preparation, had previously mentators mentioned, and a considertranslated in public, and which was able portion of the text translated, first then appointed to be acquired before literally, and then with elegant and the next meeting by an inferior order idiomatic freedom. The remainder of students, who, from their youth or of the hour was occupied with what standing, were under the necessity of was called the Lecture. Mr: Richhearing a translation from the Profes: ardson here pursued a particular -sor prior to their preparing the pas- course of which the outlines were

sage. The stated hours of meeting printed in a small syHabus, and which · each day, Saturday excepted, were embraced, together with a great va

two, when all the students assembled, riety of collateral topics, the daily life and when they read, or were examined of a Roinan, in all relations and cir

cumstances, from his cradle to the springs of action in youth, and sküful grave the progress of literature ac in using those means by which the mong the Romans, from its earliest, juvenile mind is animated in its pur. through its most flourishing, to its suits and expanded in its faculties declining state; and the art of writ one who was of incalculable (use ito ing in general, with illustrations from young men in animating their desires ancient and modern authors. These after intellectual and moral excellenice, lectures were very useful in illustrat in impressing upon them feelings of ing the Roman writers to those per generous emulation, and, by precept sons who were more immediately em and example, directing them to all ployed in studying them, in exciting the purest sources of thought and of their ardour, as well as in improving action. If this riil ??? the taste and guiding the efforts of The two last of these distinguished the superior students. In themselves, men happily remain full of years and they were models of fine compo- honour; and we are far from wishing sition and classical elegance, un to insinuate that the reputation of

Such is an imperfect sketch of the the University, although deprived of manner in which the Latin class was several of its brightest ornaments, taught by Mr Richardson, and we be- has at all declined; yet, in going lieve there are none of our readers, back to the recollections of our youths who commenced, at this time, their it is ever a natural illusion to sup literary career at Glasgow, but will pose that the glory of existence as at retain a grateful recollection of the in, an end! viis 'n ui 13116 zuing? structors who conducted their initia. It is as commonly remarked as exld tory studies, without adverting at perienced, that the life of a literary present to the celebrated Professors in man presents few circumstances inten the higher branches, although certainly resting to the curiosity of the world. ne University could boast throughout From the period of his becoming ta all its departments of greater or more Professur to his death, the history of diversified excellence. The young stu- Mr Richardson was, in a great meadent had before his eyes the model of sure, of this description. For forty an elegant mind, of refined taste, and one years, during which he dischargof polished manners, in one who was cd the functions of Professor, his life well acquainted with the writings and exhibited little else than the regular language of Rome, and fitted to per succession of laborious application to ceive the nicer beauties of poetry and his proper business in winter, and of of diction, as well as able to inspire rural retirement and professional pren bim with a relish for every thing that parations in summer, except, indeed, was correct, and tasteful, and refined, which was not unfrequent, when the in sentiment and expression. In publication of some work relieved the another eminentioscholar, Ichęu could uniformity of his occupations. But poti but sadmire a livigour, an acutewho will say that a life of this kind, ress, and a, luminousness of mind, though not so conspicuous as that sta, concentration of intellect and of the statesman or of the warrior, information of the highest order; may not be crowned with the utmost brought to bear on the investigation enjoyment to the individual, with and evolution of the intricacies of lan- the greatest interest and advantage to guage and grammar, ma profundity of the world, and that all the glories of research, a clearness of idea, and a mind, and all the graces and charities perspicuity in the conveyance of his of the heart, may not, in this little thoughts, even on the most abstruse sphere, find scope for their most ex subjects; and on his favourite theme pansive exercise ?, Dinding? 3p enthusiasm of manner, such as to Mr Richardson, as we have seen, inflame the coldest heart, and to kin, devoted the greatest part of his attendle rapture in tlie bosom of genius. tion to the labours of his vocation, in A third will live in the memory of more which, both from personal taste and than one generation as the poblest inclination, and from the desire of work of God an honest înan," glow, being useful to his pupils, his heart ing with warm affection to his pupils, seemed to be engaged ; and his time and with ardent interest in their wel, was thus chiefly occupied in attend. fare; one well acquainted with the ance on his various classes, or in des €977 9n bo'lis octo 1

vising plans of future advantage to Thy dimpled cheek, thy lively air, stam them. But his peculiar avocationis That wins a smile from pining care overe did not altogether preclude other pur

ther pur- Soft-pinioned gales around thee breatheon suits.lvost ati ai bei 16013 V

Perfuming dews thy tresses bathe ; trods EL?

The zone of Venus girds thy waist, sinen Early in 1774. he guve to the world

The young loves flutter round thy breast. a volíme of poetry, under the name

And in thy path the rose-wing' hours gn of 1 Poems, chiefly Rural," &c. which shed the leaves of fragrant flowers. 1491988 were so much approved of by the cri- See the

See, the nymphs, and every swain, 29TI1991 ties, and relished by the public, as in Mingle in thy festive train tramo 90 gai a short time to pass through, three With roguish winks, and winning wiles, 02 editions, twoi; in Glasgow by the And whisp'ring low, and dimpling smiless Messrs Foulis, and one in London. And sweetly-soothing blandishment, riedi The following extracts, from the pen And the coy air of half consent, 9:28t ods of a contemporary reviewer, Dr Gil And joy, and rose-complexioned laughters bert Stuart, not the most lenient of

of With tott'ring footstep following after.

Goddess ever blithe and fair: [bris noisia erities, express, we supposes the opi

Ever mild and debonair, zabis DiB fot2 pion of these poems which was then

Stay with us, and deign to be ai noua prevalentao: "It must give us, (the Our queen of rural sports and glee. eadem reviewers in the Edinburgh Magazine -9d w bas soabdor Myd trgust and Review) and every sincere en. ?Thist volume of poetry contained thusiast for literature, the most real selles, Idyllions, and Anacreontics and sensible pleasure, to seek at new Rurab Tales Runnymeat; voorsid genius arise in our country, who, to ca'; Élegy on the Death of a Lady the fire and fancy of a genuine poet, Miscellaneous Verses on and the Proa adds the propriety and elegance of a gress of Melancholy." Deb was in fine i writer. On the whole, we scribed to Lord Cathcartin: In the sea cannot express our general sentiments cond edition, there was subjoined to of this poet more happily than in the the whole, a tale, entitled ties The Ina words of Virgil:in liat rut TUR Ch dians," afterwards dramatised in to the -B3. T3 P 00169ii tragedy of that name of these poems “ Tale tuum carmen nobis, divine poeta! Mr Richardson acknowledgesi only Quale soper fessis in gramine; quale per three editions, though na fourth was

æstum, Dulcis aquæ saliente sitim restinguere printed by Andrew Foulis.Sudenloq 10 S tivo, is

2 Tabout i two months after the lape of a

c id, "ir, pearance of his poems, het published - to The critic justifies this high com- in a small volume a Philosophieat

mendation by a passage from the Analysis and Illustration of some of . Hymn to Health.” which he pro- Shakespeare's" Remarkable Charald nounces to be pathetic, spirited, ele ters, dedicated to his friend Robert gant, and beautiful, and which, that Buntine, Esq. of Ardoch, afterward's the reader may be enabled to judge Graham lof Gartmore. The charact for himself, we shall insert in this ters analysed and illustrated are Macu

in 111 ! beth, Hamlet, Jacques, and Imogen.

This work went through several edi? Y HYDIN TO HEALTH. PULS tions, and placed its author high tau Ou by the gentle gales that blow Post mong the philosophical crities of his Refreshing from the mountain's brow, country, while it added to his repas · By the vermil bloom of morn, in tation as a classical and elegant writer. By the dew-drop on the thorn,

The reviewer, from whose encomium By the sky.lark's matin lay,

on Mr Richardson's poetry we have By the flowers that blooming May,"In already made an extract, after statu Sprinkles on the meads and hills,

ing, in a review of the present By the brooks and furning rills, ; work, the great difference, or event Come, smiling Health ! and deign to be

opposition, between poetry and phiu Our queen of rural sports and gleeya sofa What sudden radiance gilds the skies!!

losophical research, and expressing Wliat warblings from the groves arise !

his fear that our author would not A breeze more odoriferous blows!...

have succeeded equally in both dew The stream more musically flows!! ! partments, thus goes on : " But how A brighter smile the valley chears ! TY. agreeable was our surprise to find the Ana lo! the lovely queen appears! 25% exuberance of invention " and the O Health! I know thy blue-bright eye,' warmth of enthusiasm rendered subs Thy dewy lip, thy rosy dye,

servient to the cool and severe investigations of reason; while the ardent so miscellaneous in its nature, is exe. prepossessions, the luxuriant sallies of cuted, it is somewhat difficult to speak the poet, were chastened by the deli- distinctly. Thus far, however, it berate inspection, and the accurate may be stated, that the letters are penetration of the sage.” “The style perspicuously, easily, and elegantly of this work,” he remarks in another written, and often finely diversified place, “ is perspicuous, elegant, and by translations from modern foreign interesting."

[graphic]

authors; ihat the writer is lively In afterwards noticing the last and without levity, and serious and judigreatly enlarged editions of these his cious without being heavy; that his two principal works, we shall take the sentiments concerning goveriments opportunity of offering a few obserra. are' liberal, but his patriotic prefer tions on the merits of his poetry and ence of the British constitution alhis criticism.

- ways evident; that the whole book, The next literary productions by in short, is dictated by classical Mr Richardson were some papers in taste, and displays no inconsiderthe Mirror and Lounger, his contri able acquaintance with a number of butions to the former, as would apa authors, as well as an ease in appear from the enumeration of the plying that knowledge to particular correspondents by Dr Drake, entitling purposess h istes * ! him to rank first among them. That The next work from the pen of Mr critic gives the following account of Richardson was presented to the Mr Richardson's communications. world in 1784, and was entitled, " In enumerating the papers written “ Essays on Shakespeare's Dramatic by the correspondents of the Mirror, Characters of Richard III., King Lear, we shall commence with Professor and Timon of Athens; to which is Richardson, a gentleman of establish- added, an Essay on the Faults of ed reputation in the critical and poeti- Shakespeare; and Additional Obsercal world. From his stores the Mir- vations on the Character of Hamleti.” ror has been enriched with five es. This continuation of the Analysis fulsays, Nos. 8, 24, 29, 66, and 96. Two filled the expectations which its préof these, Nos. 24 and 66, are accurate decessor had raised, and contributed and elegant pieces of criticism on the to increase, rather than impair, the Allegro and Penseroso of Milton; and reputation which its author had preon the love-scene between Richard viously acquired. Soon after, à seand Lady Ann, in Shakespeare's Ricond sequel made its appearance, conchard the Third." A critique on the sisting of “ Essays on Shakespeare's poetry of Hamilton of Bangour is the Dramatic Character of Sir John Falonly paper which Mr Richardson fur- staff, and on his Imitation of Female nįshed to the Lounger. '

Characters, with Observations on the In 1783, Mr Richardson published Chief Objects of Criticism in the his “ Anecdotes of the Russian Em- Works of Shakespeare.These two pire." During the four years which last mentioned works, together with he spent in Russia, he had enjoyed the Analysis, were collected into one opportunities of observing the man- volume, and published with a uniners of the Russians, as well as of form title, in 1797. knowing the characters of distinguish. In the April of the same year apa ed individuals. The facts he records peared a work, which public opinion, were either witnessed by himself, úr and the very great reseinblance of the communicated to him by persons on style to that usually employed by Mr whose information he could rely. A Richardson, concur to warrant our considerable number, indeed, of the considering as his production. We letters of which the volume is com- refer to the Philanthrope, a series of posed, have little or no connection essays, after the manner of a periodi. with the author's general design. cal paper. " It consists of thirty-five “But a reader of taste will not regret essays, the diction of which possesses an intermixture which affords agree- great amenity, perspicuity, and spirit; able diversity, and where national the morality of this little work is pure, anecdotes are suspended only to make the criticism acute, the poetry above room for philosophical reflection, or mediocrity, and the tales interesting." some beautiful production of poetry.” In 1780, Mr Richardson, in con· Of the manner in which this work, junction with his friend, : Professor

Arthur, produced “ Original Essays which give such interest and effect to and Translations," a work to, which the productions of our masters in this allusion has already been made, and art, and which are exemplified in the which was intended for the benefit of plays of Shakespeare and in the poems: the Reverend Mr Chapman, the pub- of Byron. But his lively and sprightlisher. Of Mr Richardson's contri- ly fancy impregnates all his verses butions, the following are a few : . with the sentiment of poetry. Form“ The History of Sarah Th i ng his conceptions and his diction in translated from the French," "Fa the manner of a poet, the wanderings bles from the German of Gellert;" of fiction are yet never suffered to ex. An Account of the Sacrifices of tend beyond the bounds of a regard to Heathen Nations,” and “ The In- some object in view, or some useful, dians, 2.Tale.” Of this volume, effect to be produced on the mind of which is now very scarce, we need say the reader. The intimate, acquainta nothing more, than that it bears the ance which he had with history, with stamp of the talent for which its au- polite literature, with the arts of lifez! thors were distinguished. 141. off and the appearances of Nature, sup

In 1803, Mr Richardson appeared plied him with plentiful, pleasing, and before the world in the capacities of varied illustration. His copiousness Editor and Biographer. He was ein, of language, and that wonderfully, ployed by the relations of his friend happy propriety and precision of ex Professor Arthur to publish his works, pression, which impress one with the and to write his life. This duty he idea that there is nothing to be im-4, discharged with credit to himself ; proved, either in the choice of words and it is almost unnecessary to add, or in the order of their construction, that the life of Arthur displays its are derived from a careful study of writer's usual taste, and his felicity, the classical models of poetical writi and elegance of language. iiing in our own language, as well as ,

In 1805, our author published, in among ancient and foreign authors. two volumes duodecimo, an edition, The smoothness and suavity of his corrected and enlarged, of his drama- , verse give evidence of a soul alive to tic and other poetical performances, the finest impressions of taste and sen-, consisting of the “ Poems, chiefly sibility, and of an ear' attuned to the Rural,”-of others that had been oc- nicest harmony of numbers. casionally offered to the public in mis- His lyrical poems, though they do cellaneous and periodical publications, not rise to the enthusiasm and fire of

of the Poetical Epistle,--Morning the sublimer productions in that speWalk, and Epithalamium, which cies of poetry, are in a high degree had appeared at different times before, pleasing and sprightly. When he pays,

together with the Maid of Lochlin, à compliment, narrates a circumstance, a lyrical drama, presented to the world or expands an incident, he is indeed in 1801,- and The Indians, a tragedy, most happy. Two small pieces, for: published in 1790, and acted with instance, called The Chaplet and The considerable applause , at Glasgow and Painter, are simple, neat, and elegant. Richmond, and, lastly, of three His two dramas, of which “ The Inpieces, for the first time printed. dians” is by far the more excellent, From a perusal of these two volumes, are not distinguished, indeed, for ins; we shall give what we conceive to be tricacy of plot, for very interesting inthe general character of Mr Richard, cident, or bold and masterly displays son's poems, of which want of room of the workings of human nature and precludes any individual notice. 1 ; passion; but they are correct in plan,

His imagination is evidently under awaken and sustain the softer emo, the control of judgment and taste. tions in the mind of the reader, and His poems are full of thought and of always please, and frequently delight, method, couched and disguised under him by the diversity of poetical imapoetical language and illustration. gery, apposite illustration, and elegant This he derived from his philosophi. expression, in which they everywhere cal turn of mind ; and hence it is that abound. The chiei defect of his poeta we seldom discover in his poetry any ry, in our opinion, consists in a super, of those eccentric excursions, or, if we abundance of mythological allusion, may be pardoned such an expression, and in that occasional languor which any of those lawless bursts of passion, is a concoinitant or consequence of 100 VOL. VII.

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