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edge, where many a proud galley has waited for its W. ELDER. I have a small book, published in kingiy freight and the beauty of courts; but the beauties

1656 of the courts adjoining are certainly not now proverbial."

“Pearls of Eloquence, or the School of Complements; T. B.

wherein Ladies, Gentlewomen, and Schollars may ac

comodate their Courtly Practice with Gentile CeremoBURNSIANA. — The subscriber is collecting all nies, Complemental, Amorous, and high expressions of the various editions of the Life and Works of speaking, or writing of Letters. By W. Elder, Gent. Robert Burns, the Ayrshire bard. The list at London: printed for J. Lock, and are to be sold by Henry present numbers nearly 200 volumes, comprising

Eversden at the Grey-Hound in St. Paul's Church-Yard.

MDCLVI." 125 different publications. He will take it kind if any of the readers of “N. & Q.” could assist be put forth as an original work. Is it so? And

In the epistle to the reader it would appear to

F. W. C. respondents he will gladly

forward a printed

proof who was W. Elder ?

Clapham Park, S. of his “ Bibliotheca Burnsiana."

JAMES M'KIE.

HERALDIC. What family in the seventeenth Kilmarnock, July 2, 1866.

century bore for a crest a demi-eagle or demifalcon displayed, with a thistle in its beak?

EDWARD PEACOCK. Queries.

Bottesford Manor, Brigg. ALE AT BREAKFAST.-I have seen it somewhere ILCHESTER.—I shall be obliged if any of

your stated that Queen Elizabeth was accustomed to Somerset correspondents will state who is at pretake a quart of ale to breakfast. Did ale in the sent lord of the manor of Brooke juxta Montague, days of Queen Bess form a part of the first meal ? near Ilchester.

C. W.D. Lynch's “ DICTIONARY OF ILLUSTRIOUS IRISH ANONYMOUS. – I shall feel greatly obliged for CHARACTERS.” — In the year 1814, Mr. Patrick any information as to the authors of the following Lynch, Secretary to the Gaelic Society of Dublin, pamphlets :

and well known as the author of sundry publica1. “ Jura Cleri: or an Apology for the Rights of the tions, issued a prospectus (of which a copy lies long-Despised Clergy, &c. By Philo-Basileus Philo- before me) of A Biographical and Historical DicClerus." Oxford, 1661, 4to. ence no way concerned in the Controversies now depend. The work is 'described as “ preparing for the 2. “ The Doctrine of Non-Resistance or Passive Obedi- tionary of Ilustrious Trish Characters, in one large

octavo volume, price to subscribers, ll. 28. 9d. ing between the Williamites and the Jacobites. Lay Gentleman of the Communion of the Church of Eng- press,” and “speedily to be published.” Did it land, by Law establish’d.” London, 1689, 4to.

ever appear, either complete or in part? and if [By Edmund Bohun.]

not, where is the MS. ? . Some one of your Irish 3. “The Pretences of the French Invasion examined readers may be able to give the required informafor the Information of the People of England.” London, tion.

АвивА. 1692, 4to.

“ MARITA VICE-PRÆFECTUS.". What was a [By William Lloyd, successively Bishop of St. Asaph and Worcester.)

Marium Vice-Prefectus" in 1680 ? Copied from

the monument of a person who was a landsman, to 4. “ An Impartial Inquiry into the Advantages and

the best of my knowledge.

E. K. Losses tbat England bath received since the Beginning of the Present War with France.” London, 1693, 4to.

MONUMENTAL DEVICES. I have carefully 5. " The Conspiracy of Querini and Tiepolo. An His looked over the various articles on this subject torical Drama." London : Smith, Elder, & Co., 1837, 8vo.

CPL.

which have appeared in “N. & Q." from its com

mencement; but I do not see any notice of the DANTE.—Every reader of Dante must have been device of scissors, or shears, and the sword. struck by the grotesque way in which he mixes There are many of the kind in the ancient tombup heathen myths with Christian sentiment. This stones in the diocese of Durham. In the north strange--not to say irreverent-confusion reaches its clímax in a passage in which the Saviour is porch of Gainford church several fragments of addressed by the name of a heathen god. The gravestones bearing these devices, and multiform

crosses, were inserted in the walls for preservapassage to which I refer is in the sixth canto of tion. They were taken from the interior of the the Purgatorio :

church when lately restored. The staff of the “ E se licito m'è, o sommo Giove

cross fairly intersects the stones; and the shears Chi fosti 'n terra per noi crucifisso, Son li giusti occhi tuoi rivolti altrove ? "

or scissors are traced invariably on the right side of Is any other instance to be found of a Christian in dimensions, and in some cases are well preserved,

the stone, and the sword on the left. They vary poet addressing the God of Christians by the

and in good relief. Dame appropriated to a heathen deity ?

It is said the shears represent a female, the H. HARRIS, M.A.

flow;

sword a male person. Others state they repre as their own especial ensign, by the Princes of sent the trade or profession of the deceased. This Wales, heirs apparent of the crown of England ? latter opinion appears to me confuted by the fact Also, what is the earliest known notice of this that both emblems are found on the same stone in badge as the badge of a Prince of Wales ? Queen their usual positions.

Elizabeth used the group of three ostrich feathers Perhaps ventilation through the pages of as a royal badge, in especial association with the N. & Q.” may waft better explanations of the principality of Wales, as appears from her judicial emblems.

GEORGE LLOYD. seal for the counties of Caermarthen, Glamorgan, Darlington.

and Pembroke (Archeologia, xxxi. 495); and on NAUFRAGIUM JOCULARE, OR SHIPWRECK BY another seal of the same sovereign the royal shield DRINK.—De Quincey, in his brilliant and masterly appears supported by two lions, each of them

CHARLES BOUTELL. review of Goethe as reflected in his Novel of Wil holding an ostrich feather. helm Meister, gives an abstract of a most humor POPE AND CARDINALS. ous scene in lleywood's tragi-comedy The English " Some in the Romane Church write, that the CardiTraveller:

nalls of that Church are so incorporated into the Pope, “A number of people carousing in an upper room of a

so much of his body, and so bloud of his bloud, that in a tavern become so thoroughly drunk as to fancy them- ferer they may not let bloud without his leaue." selves in a ship far out at sea; and their own unsteady What Roman writers make this statement, and footing in walking the deck,' they conclude to be the where?

CPL. natural effect from the tumbling billows of the angry ocean, which in fact is gathering rapidly into every sign QUOTATIONS WANTED.of a coming storm. One man in his anxiety therefore

“ Not in vair: the strivings, not by chance the currents climbs a bed-post, which he takes for the mast-head, and reports the most awful appearances ahead. By his ad Error merged, but truth directed, to their certain goal vice they fall to lightening ship: out of the windows they go.” they throw overboard beds, tables, chairs, the good land

“ The passions, prejudices, interests, lady's crockery, bottles, glasses, &c., working in agonies

That sway the meanest being the least touch of haste for dear life. By this time the uproar and

That moves the finest nerve! hurley-burley has reached the ears of the police, who

And in one human brain come in a body up the stairs; but the drunkards, con

Causes the faintest thought, becomes a link ceiving them to be sea-gods-Neptune, Triton, &c.--begin

In the great chain of Nature." to worship them. What accounts for this intrusion of Pagan adorations is this, viz. that originally the admir

“ There, like a shattered column, lies the man." able scene was derived from a Greek comic sketch,

M. REED. though transplanted into the English drama with so much

A Description of the Fates. of life-like effect as really to seem a native English

“ Dash we cup of pity to the tomb, growth."— Works, Edinb. 1863, vol. xii. p. 201.

And quaff our fill of desolation-ere What is the “Greek comic sketch” to which The morning breaks in brightness o'er the Earth, De Quincey refers? The passage in Heywood is

And deems us darkness to approaching day. given in Lamb's Dramatic Specimens. It sug

Oh, never cease to snap this fatal thread,

Bnt gorge and glut beyond satiety gested Cowley's Latin play, Naufragium Joculare.

The blood of lovely woman, giant man.”
EIRIONNACH.

Clytie gazing on the Sun. “ORIGINES PAROCHIALES SCOTLE.” — Can any

“ Fair and sumptuous, of your correspondents tell me whether there is

Without one jot of prodigality any chance of this most interesting and valuable

In form or feature. Soft in stepwork being continued ? Surely there should not

More gentle than in earliest infancy."

E. R. be much difficulty in finding the means for publishing at least the Archdeaconry of Lothian. RING INSCRIPTION.—A short time ago a small Many of the noblemen and gentlemen of the dis- diamond ring of gold was turned up on a piece of trict would, I have no doubt, contribute largely, land very near the site of a large and rich priory while there should be no difficulty in obtaining a in Lincolnshire. On the outside of the ring are goodly list of subscribers for this volume at least. engraved the names of the three kings of the I trust that Mr. Stevenson or some other enter- magi, and in the inside an inscription which in prising Edinburgh bookseller will try what can modern characters runs thus: be done for at least one other volume. Has the

“MAGA . OTRE . TO . TA , HERCE. LIP . MIN.” map, of which portions are given in the published

Will some one of your readers, who is convervolume, ever been completed ? LONDONIENSIS. sant with such matters, kindly help me to a full THE OSTRICH FEATHER BADGE. — Is there interpretation of this ?

MELCHIOR. known to be in existence any document, or any Sandys's “Ovid.”—The second edition of this positive evidence of whatsoever kind, which may was printed, 1621, 12mo. I should much like to determine or illustrate the circumstances that led be informed, what was the date of the first ? to the appropriation of the Ostrich Feather Badge

W. CAREW HAZLITT.

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Lost STATUES. Statues of Alfred the Great quite presentable; and it strikes me that the and Edward the Black Prince, by Rysbrack, were writer of them could do, and did, something much in Lord Burlington's, Carlton House, after the better in the way of vers de société. residence of the Prince Regent. Can any corre

D. BLAIR. spondent tell what has become of them ?

Melbourne.

W.J. [There is an excellent account, accompanied with a SIR JOHN VANBRUGH'S PLAYS.-As I am read- portrait, of the witty Harry Erskine, in Chambers's Dicing, for the Philological Society's projected Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen, ii. 243—246 ; as well as in tionary, the works of some of the dramatists of John Kay’s Series of Original Portraits and Caricature the last century, may I ask your readers to ex- Etchings, edited by H. Paton, 2 vols. 4to, 1838; and a pleasplain the following expressions in Vanbrugh's ing notice of him by his relation, Henry David Inglis

, in plays, viz. ?

the Edinburgh Literary Journal. Few men have enjoyed 1. Rising of the lights.

a wider reputation for wit than the Hon. Henry Erskine, “'Tis a sad thing, Flippanta, when wit's confin'd; 'tis and it is to be regretted that his convivial poems and Forse than the rising of the lights ."Confederacy, Act I. witticisms have never been collected into a volume, esvol. ii. p. 18, ed. 1730.

pecially those composed after his retirement from profes2. “ He scolds oné Rubbers.

sional life, when he was enjoying otium cum diggin a " Clarissa. I wish he would quarrel with me to-day a

tatie (potato). “The greatest treat to me," says Mr. little, to pass away the time.

Inglis, “was when, after dinner, he took down from Flippanta. Why, if you please to drop yourself in his

the top of his bookcase, where it lay behind a bust, I way, six to four but he scolds one Rubbers with you.”-Id.

think of Mr. Fox, his manuscript book, full of jeux d'esprit, Act II. p. 27. 3. “ A crooked stick.

charades, bon mots, &c., all his own composition. I do “ Ha! her strong box! and the key in't! 'tis so : now

believe, that all the puns and bon mots which have been Fortune be my friend. What! the duce, not a penny of put into his mouth-some of them, no doubt, having money in cash! not a chequer note, nor a bank bill! originally come out of it-would eke out a handsome duo(searches the strong box] nor a crooked stick !-Id. Act

decimo." III. p. 41. 4. “ A Scotch pair of boots.

In his latter years Mr. Erskine was very much an“I see his man and confident there, Lopez ; shall I noyed at the idea that his witticisms might be collected draw him on a Scotch pair of boots, Master, and make together in a volume. Aware of this, a friend of his him tell all ? "-The Mistake, Act I. p. 166.

resolved to tease him, and having invited him to dinner, 5. To keep your back hand,

he, in the course of the evening, took up a goodly-look“Sir, I wou'd advise you to provide yourself with good | ing volume, and turning over the pages began to laugh friends, I desire the honour to keep your back hand my- | heartily. “What is the cause of your merriment ? " exself."-Id. Act V. p. 207.

claimed the guest. “Oh, it is only one of your jokes, 6. “ Norfolk-nog.

Harry."-"Where did you get it?'_“Oh, in the new " Sir Francis. here, John Moody, get us a tankard work just published, entitled The New Complete Jester, of good hearty stuff presently.

or every Man his own Harry Erskine !Mr. Erskine J. Moody. Sir, here's Norfolk-nog to be had at next

felt very much amazed, as may be supposed, upon the door."- A Journey to London, Act I. p. 230. CORNELIUS PAYNE, JUN.

announcement of the fictitious publication.

To the honour of Henry Erskine, he was Surbiton Hill.

known to turn his back upon the poor man, or to pro

portion his services to the ability of his employers to Queries with Answers.

reward them. It is said that a poor man, in a remote

district of Scotland, thus answered an acquaintance who THE HON, HENRY ERSKINE'S CONVIVIAL POEMS. wished to dissuade him from engaging in a law-suit with Was there ever a collection of these made and a wealthy neighbour, by representing the hopelessness of published ? I have a couple of cuttings from some his being able to meet the expense of litigation : “Ye old magazine (name lost), containing a Parody dinna ken what ye're saying, maister; there's no a puir on Sappho's Ode,” and an "Ode to Eight Cats man in a' Scotland need to want a friend or fear an belonging to Israel Mendez, a Jew;" both ascribed enemy sae lang as Harry Erskine lives!” to Erskine. The first begins with

Dean Ramsay has printed a clever impromptu of a “ Drunk as a dragon sure is he," &c.*

judge's lady, produced in reply to one made by our witty The second is of considerable length, and com

advocate. At a dinner party at Lord Armadale's, when a bottle of claret was called for, port was brought in by

mistake. A second time claret was sent for, and a “Singers of Israel! O ye singers sweet!”

second time the same mistake occurred. Henry Erskine The verses are a little free, but harmless, and addressed the host in an impromptu, which was meant as

a parody on the well-known Scottish song, “My jo, [* From the Annual Register, xxviii. 150.]

Janet”

never

mences

“ Kind sir, it's for your courtesie

mistake or other the word Jah, in the after editions, is When I come here to dine, sir;

printed Yea.” Consult “ N. & Q.," 1st S. x. 105, 133, For the love ye bear to me,

and the British Magazine, Oct. 1834, vi. 424.] Gie me the claret wine, sir."

GIVE A DOG AN ILL NAME, AND HANG HIM." To which Mrs. Honeyman retorted :

What is the origin and meaning of this well“ Drink the port, the claret's dear,

known proverb ?

C. S. W. Erskine, Erskine ;

[The earliest English version of the proverb we have Ye'll get fou on't, never fear,

met with is in Ray, where it runs—“ He that would hang My jo, Erskine."

his dog gives out first that he's mad ; " and is thus exWith all the liveliness of fancy, however, and with all plained" He that is about to do anything disingenuous, these shining talents, Mr. Erskine's habits were domestic unworthy, or of evil fame, first bethinks himself of some in an eminent degree. His wishes and desires are pleas- plausible pretence.” The Spanish proverb corresponds ingly depictured in the following lines by himself: – exactly with Ray's—“Quien á su perro quiere matar “ Let sparks and topers o'er their bottles sit,

rabia le ha de levantar;" and so does the Italian “Chi Toss bumpers down, and fancy laughter wit;

vuol ammazzar il suo cane, basta che dira ch'è arrabLet cautious plodders o'er their ledger pore,

biato;” while the French is not very dissimilar, “Qui Note down each farthing gain'd, and wish it more ; veut noyer son chien, l'accuse de la rage." The German Let lawyers dream of wigs, poets of fame,

“Wenn man den Hund schlagen will, tind't man bald ein Scholars look learn'd, and senators declaim;

Stecken," comes nearer to our other English proverb, “ It Let soldiers stand, like targets in the fray,

is easy to find a stick if you want to beat a dog."] Their lives just worth their thirteenpence a-day :

“BEAUTY, RETIRE!”—Is Pepys's favourite song Give me a nook in some secluded spot

of this name, which he mentions so often, still Which business shuns, and din approaches not

extant? And if so, where can it be seen ? A Some snug retreat, where I may never know

copy would much oblige; and would be paid for, What Monarch reigns, what Ministers bestow :

if desired, by

E. KING, A book, my slippers, and a field to stroll in

Lymington, Hants.
My garden seat, an elbow-chair to loll in -
Sunshine, when wanted-shade, when shade invites-

['The words of the song, those spoken by Solyman to

Roxalana, are in The Siege of Rhodes, Part 11. Act IV. With pleasant country laurels, smells, and sights, And now and then a glass of generous wine,

Sc. 2, and are printed in Pepys's Diary, ed. 1854, ii. 332 Shared with a chatty friend of auld lang syne;'

(Dec. 6, 1665). We have never met with the music of

the song.) And one companion more, for ever nigh, To sympathize in all that passes by,

THE FLUKE. — What is the fish which ManksTo journey with me in the path of life,

men call by this name?

ST. SWITHIN. And share its pleasures, and divide its strife.

[This is the flounder, one of the most common of the These simple joys, Eugenius, let me find,

flat fish, and is found in the sea and near the mouths of And I'll ne'er cast a lingering look behind.”]

large rivers all round our coast. All the bays, creeks, and THE SACRED NAME “JAI” IN THE PRAYER- inlets of Orkney produce it, and it is taken in abundance BOOK.-In a copy of the Book of Common Prayer in different parts of Scotland, where it is called Fluke and in 12mo, printed at the Pitt Press, Cambridge, in Mayock Fleuke — a term having reference to the flat1834 (now before me), the word "yea” is substi- tened form of the fish. At Berwick and Yarmouth it is tuted for the sacred name “Jah " in the fourth called a Butt-a northern term.] verse of the 68th Psalm, the reading being : “Praise him in his name, yea, and rejoice before him."

Replies. I have compared this with several other editions

THE EVANGELISTIC SYMBOLS. of the Prayer-book, but do not find the same reading occur in any other instance.

Is it an

(3r4 S. ix. 510.) error of the press, or is it to be found in any other

It is true that there has been much discrepancy edition?

WILLIAM KELLY. in the application of the four living creatures seen Leicester.

by the prophet Ezechiel and by St. John; but for [Lewis, in his History of the Translations of the Bible, centuries it has been customary to follow the in-, p. 129, ed. 1818, speaking of Cranmer's, or the Great terpretation of St. Jerome, St. Gregory the Great, Bible of 1539, says, “ According to this translation were Venerable Bede, and others, who assign the Man the Psalms, Epistles, and Gospels, in our Liturgy, with to St. Matthew, the Lion to St. Mark, the Calf to very little variation, of which this is one, that whereas in St. Luke, and the Eagle to St. John, for reasons this edition of 1539, Psalm lxviii. 4, is rendered • Praise which will appear later. The explanation of St. Him in his name Jay, and rejoice before Him,' by some

Ireneus was different; but as Horne does not

translate his words very closely, I give them here tory of the Christian Church, deduced from the in the original. The Holy Father is showing that Apocalypse, and published under the name of there could be but one Gospel, in four forms; and Signor Pastorini. "He considers these living creathen he observes that the Cherubim were four tures to represent the four greater prophets. The formed, and that their forms typified the various Lion, he says, represents Isaias, of the royal race attributes of the Son of God; and he goes on of David; the Calf, the prophet Jeremias, in his thus:

character of a priest; the Man, the prophet EzeΤο μεν γαρ πρώτον ζώον, φησί, όμοιον λέοντι το έμ- chiel, always addressed as the Son of Man; and πρακτον αυτού και ηγεμονικών και βασιλικών χαρακτηρίζον the Eagle, the prophet Daniel, on account of his το δε δεύτερον όμοιον μόσχω, την ιερουργικής και ιερατι- | sublime oracles, soaring to the highest objects. κήν τάξιν εμφαίνον το δε τρίτον έχον πρόσωπον ανθρώπου, I presume, however, that the object of the inThy kata ávÖpwrov aŭtoù rapovolav Pavepárata Slaypás quirer, J. T. F., is to ascertain the generally reφον το δε τέταρτον όμοιον αετό πετωμένη, την του | ceived application in symbolical representations of πνεύματος επί την εκκλησίαν έφιπταμένου δόσιν σαφηνίζον. | the four Evangelists. Certainly the explanation Και τα ευαγγέλια ούν τούτοις σύμφωνα, εν οις εγκαθέσεται | of St. Jerome may be said to have been generally, Xplotós.-- Adv. Hæres., lib. iii. cap. 11.

if not universally, followed for ages, in

every

kind

of ecclesiastical and artistic decoration. It is found Literally thus:

on innumerable fonts, windows, crosses, banners, " For the first living creature, he says, was like a lion, and illuminated manuscripts; and any attempt signifying his efficacious power, and his principality, and royal dominion; but the second was like a calf, showing

at a different appropriation of these symbols would forth his sacrificial and sacerdotal order; the third having now be rejected as a novelty, only calculated to the face of a man, describing manifestly his coming as create confusion.

F. C. H. man; but the fourth was like an eagle flying, manifesting the grace of the Spirit fying down upon the Church. And therefore the Gospels agree with these, in which

For the information of J. T. F. I copy the folChrist is enthroned."

lowing from the Handbook of English Ecclesiology, St. Ireneus proceeds to develope these symbols,

195.

p. understanding the Lion to typify St. John, thé

When placed in square they run thus :Calf St. Luke, the Man St. Matthew, and the

S. Joux.

S. MATTHEW.
S. MARK.

S. LUKE.
Eagle St. Mark.

St. Augustine explains the four living creatures When placed in saltire thus otherwise. He observes that interpreters before

S. Jonn.
S. MATTHEW.

S. LUKE. him hare for the most part understood them to

S. Mark. represent the four Evangelists; but he assigns the Lion to St. Matthew, the Calf to St. Luke,

The reason of these symbols is thus explained :

“ Formam viri dant Matthæo the Man to St. Mark, and the Eagle to St. John. See his Tract xxxvi. on the 8th Chapter of St.

Quia scripsit sic de Deo

Sicut descendit ab eo, John's Gospel.

Quem plasmavit, homine. St. Jerome, however, is the great authority on

Marcus leo per desertum this point, whose interpretation has been almost

Clamans, rugit in apertum : universally adopted. In the following passage

Iter Deo fiat certum,

Mundum cor a crimine. from his Commentary on the first Chapter of Ezechiel will be found his explanation, and likewise

" Lucas bos est in figurâ, the reasons for it.

Ut præmonstrat in Scripturâ,

Hostiarum tangens jura “Quidam quatuor Evangelia, quos nos quoque in prooc

Legis sub velamine. mia commentariorum Matthæi secuti sumus : horum ani

Sed Johannes alâ bina malium putant nominibus designari : Matthæi, quod quasi

Charitatis, aquilina hominem descripserit : Liber generationis Jesu Christi, filii

Formâ, fertur in divina Darid, filii Abraham. Leonis ad Marcum referunt:

Puriori lumine. Initium Erangelii Jesu Christi filii Dei, sicut scriptum est

“Quatuor describunt isti in Esaia propheta: Vor clamantis in deserto, parate viam

Quadriformes actus Christi, Domini, rectas facite semitas ejus. Vituli ad Lucæ Evan

Et figurant ut audisti gelium, quod a Zachariæ incipit sacerdotio. Aquilæ, ad

Sua quæque formulâ : Joannis exordium : qui ad excelsum evolans cæpit : In

Natus Homo declaratur, priacipio erat Verbum, et Verbum erat apud Deum, et

Vitulus sacrificatur, Deas erat Verbum. Super quo quid nobis videretur, in

Leo mortem depredatur, supra dieto opere diximus: pleniusque in Apocalypsi

Sed ascendit Aquila.” Joannis horum animantium species, ac nomina referuntur ad quatuor Evangelia."

Thus also IIildebert:

“Matthæum signat vir ; bos Lucam; leo Marcum; Of the many other interpretations of these four

Ales discipulum qui sine sorde fuit. living creatures, I will mention only that of the

Matthæo species humana datur: quia scripto learned Bishop Walmesley, in his General His Indicat et titulo quid Deus egit Homo.

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