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with the transaction, for had it been generally known, the Appeal, published in 1858 and republished in Doctor would have lost his fellowship and his other high | 1866, declares her to have been bis DAUGHTER? pretensions. “ In due time the Princess presented Dr. Wilmot with
Dr. Smith, Mrs. Ryves's counsel, who ought to a daughter. Some family and political matters separated know, having doubtless studied the case rery the parties for a while. He doated upon his lovely child, closely, returns to the original version, and says who, we believe, was placed under the care of Mrs. Payne, the lady was the Princess Poniatowski, SISTER the sister of the Doctor and the wife of Captain Payne. of the King of Poland. “ All the time the Doctor could spare from his studies
On the 2nd June Dr. Smith produced to the and different occupations he devoted to his beloved and interesting child, who grew up the beautiful image of her
Court an article in the Biographie Universelle, Royal mother, with a mind as superior as lier person, and for the purpose of proving the biography of Doat the age of eighteen the Duke of Cumberland and the minic Serres. Had the learned Doctor, in turning Earl of Warwick became her admirers; at length the
over the leaves of that useful book, glanced his Earl gave way to the Duke, and on March 4, 1767, they were married by Dr. Wilmot at the house of his friend, eye at the Life of Stanislaus, and been startled by Lord Archer, in the presence of Lord Brook (afterwards
the announcement ? Lord Warwick) and Mr. Addez, which was only known
“ Ce prince n'avait pas été marié !” to a few persons about the Court. “ The apparently happy Duke and his lovely bride
There the statement is at any rate; and the fact lived in hopes that they should soon be allowed to make
Stanislaus never was married. But this is their marriage public; but in the year 1771 a transaction took place which proved a cruel death blow
not all. The favourite of Catherine was, no doubt, to the young Duchess, for she never recovered the a remarkable man; but he would have been a effect.
very remarkable man indeed if, born in 1732, he “ Young, amiable, and beautiful, and tenderly attached was the father of a marriageable daughter in 1749. to the Duke, she took leave of him and went to Warwick in a state of misery not to be described. A premature
So much for Dr. Wilmot's marriage with a birth at seven montħs was the consequence. On Tuesday,
DAUGHTER of Stanislaus. April 3, 1772, she gave birth to the Princess Olive at Let us now see whether the story which Dr. the house of Mrs. Wilmot, in Jury Street, in the town of Smith adopted, namely, that this supposititious Warwick. The Earl of Warwick and Dr. Wilmot were
Princess was the SISTER and not the DAUGHTER of both present, which fact is confirmed by their separate Poniatowski, is a bit more consistent than the affidavits. “ The unfortunate Duchess was conveyed to France in
one which he rejected. a state scarcely to be described, where she afterwards
If the reader will refer to Niesiecki's Herbar: died in a convent of a broken heart." - Gent.'s Mag., Polski (article “Poniatowski," vol. vii. pp. 376 July 1822, vol. xcii. Part 11., pp. 35-6 (quoted from The 378, ed. 1839-46), the best authority we believe British Luminary of Dec. 16th, 1821).
on the subject, he will find that Count PoniaBut the mystery is at length cleared up. We toweki, afterwards King of Poland, had four are now told that Lord Warwick did not reveal brothers and only two sisters. Of these the eldest, the whole story of her birth and connection in Louisa, born in 1728, married one of the Zamoy1815, but delivered to her a sealed packet, which ski family, and left a daughter married to a Count was not to be opened until after the death of the Mniszech. The younger, Isabella, born in 1730, King; but which, with strange disregard to so married Clement Branicki, and died without issue. solemn an injunction, was opened in 1819, though So much for the assertion that Dr. Wilmot the King did not die till 1820; and that packet married a SISTER of the King of Poland. for the most part related to the marriage of Dr. We have thus shown that the whole story of Wilmot with the Princess Poniatowski.
this pretended marriage is clearly a pure invenHowever, as Mrs. Serres' grandmother, the tion, by proving that, in 1813, Mrs. Serres knew Princess Poniatowski, gave birth to a daughter on nothing of it; that in 1815, according to The June 17, 1750, we are very glad to find for the Appeal, she was informed of "all the particulars lady's sake that she was married. We presume this of her birth and connections;" that in spite of event took place in 1749; but unfortunately Dr. this, in 1817, she declared that “Dr. Wilmot was Wilmot, fond as he seems to have been of writing never married;" that in 1821 she announced his down all the great secrets with which he was marriage to a SISTER of Poniatowski; that in entrusted, seems never to have taken sufficient 1858 and 1866, this sister was in The Appeal care of the Polish interest of his descendants, and transformed into a DAUGHTER; who in the Ryves has not certified where, when, or whom he married. case was again retransformed into a SISTER; that
In the Appeal for Royalty it is said (p. 7) Dr. | Poniatowski was never married, and consequently Wilmot "contracted a private but legal marriage had no DAUGHTER; that neither of his sisters with the Princess of Poland, DAUGIITER of Stanis- I could have been married to Dr. Wilmot. It laus, last king of that country:
." As the author of would therefore be waste of time and space to the Appeal had access to all the documents, how touch upon the absurdity of converting this mythic comes it that, while Mrs. Serres in 1821 declared daughter or sister of Count Poniatowski --who the lady to have been a SISTER of Stanislaus, the was not elected King of Poland till 1764-into
a Princess of Poland in 1749; or to show where “ The humble Petition of sorrowful Peter, Poniatowski was when the pretended marriage
With submission is set forth, as follows, in Metre. took place; or to prove that his visit to England "I think, if I'm rightly informed of the crime
For wliich I am banished, it runs thus in rhymedid not occur till five years after the date which
For tearing of books, for mischief, and stealing, Mrs. Serres assigned to it.
And tricks of all kinds, from the fioor to the ceiling. Parodying what the Lord Chief Justice said of
As mankind pretend to be govern'd by Laws, the certificates of the pretended Lightfoot mar I claim the just right to be heard in my cause, riage, that they were gross and rank forgeries,
Which I found upon reason, and wrap up in rhyme, it may safely be declared of the two versions of
Although not the practice of Courts in our time;
For in Law, I must say, though perhaps not in season, the Wilmot-Poniatowski marriage — they are Proceedings are mostly without rhyme or reason.' "gross and rank fabrications;” and Mrs. Serres' AU Culprits are punished, if Lord Coke says true, statement in 1817, that “Dr. Wilmot was never Not from love of revenge, but for th' harm that they do. married,” remains one of the few statements made On this common maxim my pleadings I found, by her entitled to credit. WILLIAM J. THOMs.
And the crime of the books will soon fall to the ground.
Above all in our days—but may well spare a page, P.S. Whilst hurriedly penning these lines, our And the Public as well as most Authors might look attention was attracted to the date mentioned With smiles on a monkey devouring their book. above as that of the birth of the Princess Olive 'Tis as well for a volume, I'll venture an oath, " Tuesday, April 3, 1772.". It is very seldom in To be eat by an Ape, as by Critic, or Moth. connection with this case, that one gets anything
And then, as to reading, all wits have confest it,
You never can profit unless you digest it. quite so precise and definite. The importance of
And monkeys and men, from the north to the south, a royal birth of course justifies and accounts for Can only digest what they put in their mouth. the minute and unwonted particularity. Hap Much more might be said, if I chose to enlarge, pening to have at hand Mr. Bond's excellent Per But I now shall proceed to the rest of my Charge. petual Calendar, ve thought we would test this “ To blame me for mischief, and tax me with stealing, Tuesday, the third of April. No sooner said than
Is surely a want of good sense and fine feeling, done. For 1772, Mr. Bond's contrivance at once
For Nature, who ripens the figs and the grapes,
Is no nearer relation to men than to Apes. informed us that D was the Dominical Letter, and 'Tis because you are stronger you seize upon all, that the 1st April was on a Wednesday; the 3rd And the weakest, alas ! must e'en go to the wall. was therefore a Friday, and not a Tuesday. Could But the fair teeming earth, our bountiful mother, it be Tuesday, the 13th? No, the 13th was on a
Loves Peter as dearly as Adam, his Brother. Monday. Or Tuesday the 23rd ? No, the 23rd
As to tricks of all kinds, for which I'm accused, was on a Friday. How was it to be accounted
I deny they are tricks, and protest I'm abused.
Equipt as I am in my shabby old grey, for? We soon discovered. The person who en I dare not adventure what finer fools may. deavoured to ascertain the day of the week, not Each pitiful, ignorant, gingerbread varletharing Vr. Bond's little chronological machine at
Each fop of eighteen in gold lace and scarlet hand, and not being a very profound chronologer,
Has a right, to be sure, on all subjects to chatter,
Though Peter, perhaps, may know more of the matter; calculated the date according to the old style, Could Peter-I speak with respect and submissionunder which the 3rd of April, 1772, would have By some lucky chance get an Ensign's commissionbeen a Tuesday, but unfortunately for him or her, I see you all laughing; well, titter away, the style was changed in 1752, twenty years be
I'm not the first Monkey, I'll venture to say,
'Tis no such great matter to play well at cards, fore the date assigned to this illustrious birth.
And I think I should soon be the Ton' in the Guards.
There my likeness to men might make me too partial.
But Andrew * and I might parade through the Mall;
And a Bag from Miss Bruce, with a good handsome for the authenticity of which I can vouch, and wig, which have never, I believe, been in print, may Would, I think, pretty soon set on foot an intrigue. prove interesting, both from their intrinsic merit, What might not be done with my air and my shape, and on account of the subsequent fame of their
When the fashion at Court is to look like an Ape ! author. His allusions herein to the English
What challenges, duels, what quarrels and slaughters !
What tears would be shed over Spouses and DaughCourts of Law, and Lord Coke, some years before ters! there was any likelihood of his quitting the mili What groups in the anguish of cutting a horn tary profession, and being called to the bar, are Would wish in despair I had never been born, curious:
Though (faith!) I'm afraid, to my shame, I should see
Some hundreds much more like to Monkeys than me. * To the Right Hon. Lady Cecilia Johnstone (Wife of the Governor of Minorca). The Address of her
And when, for some fair, I might steal forth to meet
her, Ladyship’s Monkey, doomed by her to banishment,
I should find her eloping with some other Peter ! praying that England might be the place of his exile. * Written in Minorca, July, 1774, by Ensign the Honblo * A fictitious name for a very short man well known at Thomas Erskine, afterwards Lord Erskine.
Yet in spite of these rubs, I should have the renown sais plus quelle contrariété, je me mis en colère, on m'emTo be one of the finest young fellows in town.
porta et je vois encore la tête et la figure poudrées du “ Then if exile's my fate, I implore with a tear
vieux duc se pencher vers moi, et j'entends ces mots : To be shipped off for England—for there is my sphere! Petit, l'humeur porte su peine ; puis
, se tournant vers ma mère : Comtesse, cela non plus n'a
pas encore été dit. “ If to this last request you shall start no objection,
“ Telle est l'origine de ce mot, de ce vieux dicton de My Cousin, Tom Erskine, has pledged his protection
nos pères; gardons-le, usons-en, il est profond, il est pra(I suppose, like the Scotch, on account of connection).
tique; mais laissons-en l'honneur à l'homme distingué Strict orders are sent to his servants at home
qui, en concevant cette belle pensée, a su la comprimer To receive me with honours whenever I come.
dans un moule original. As soon as for England he spreads forth his sail,
“ Le comte de LABORDE." Dear Peter, he vows, shall partake of the gale."
T. A. H. I transcribed the above note as a philological
curiosity, but the maxim that nobility has its NOBLESSE OBLIGE.
duties is of far superior importance when viewed At a meeting of the Société de l'histoire de under its moral aspect—and I cannot resist the France, held on the 4 April 1865, it was sug- opportunity of recording my humble opinion that gested by M. le comte de Laborde, who presided it was never more seriously felt, or more worthily on that occasion, that in addition to the ordinary exemplified, than at the present time. business of the meetings it might be desirable
Bolton CORNEY, that QUERIES on points of history and literature
Barnes, S.W., 30 June. should sometimes be stated and discussed. The suggestion was received with favor; and the
ANCIENT HERALDRY. learned archæologist could do no less than give My attention has lately been attracted to the effect to it. He therefore made an appeal to the devices displayed upon the shields of warriors and members then present as to the period which certain other personages, who are represented upon gave birth to the popular saying Noblesse oblige. antique Italo-Greek and Etruscan vases; and I No one asserted its antiquity; and, as evidence of have found these ancient heraldic shields so cutheir sagacity, the subjoined note was added to rious and interesting that I venture to hope a the minutes of the meeting:
brief notice of a few of the more remarkable of “ Je lisais dernièrement, dans un ouvrage sérieux écrit their charges may be considered not altogether récemment par un érudit qui a fait quelque étude du unworthy of the regard of such students of moyen âge, dans les Recherches sur la vie du père Menes- mediæval heraldry as may not hitherto have trier de M. A. Allut, NOBLESSE OBLIGE, ce vieux dicton extended their inquiries into the heraldry of de nos pères,' et j'admirais comment un esprit fin et précis avait pu donner à sa pensée une tournure assez antiquity. saisissante pour la rendre aussi rapidement populaire et In form, the great majority of these shields are tromper les plus diserts.
circular, and, with very rare exceptions, they have " Je désirerais vivement que les plus consommés dans borders—many of these borders are charged with la connaissance des textes du moyen âge me montrassent une charte, un manuscrit, voire même un livre imprimé small roundles or discs, precisely as many meoù se trouve ce vieux dicton de nos pères, je voudrais diæval bordures are bezantée: occasionally these qu'un philologue, rompu à toutes les habitudes de notre shields appear in perspective or in profile, in vieille langue, me dit à quelle époque du moyen âge which case a central boss, perhaps a grotesque noblesse et oblige ont été pris dans cette acception. Je head, is represented in bold relief. Others of crois les entendre d'avance me dire, Nous n'avons jamais these shields, which have been distinguished as lu ce dicton dans aucun de nos anciens textes, ni rien qui y ressemble ; il n'est ni dans les idées du moyen âge, ni Boeotian, are oval, with singular “flanches,” that dans les habitudes de la langue; et je leur répondrais : sometimes are pierced and cut away: and again, Vous avez d'autant plus raison qu'il n'a été imaginé Amazonian warriors have their own crescentqu'au commencement de ce siècle.
shaped pelta. “ Voici comment je l'entendis pour la première fois. Chaque semaine le vieux duc de Levis venait chez ma
The most remarkable charge, which has its mère et se faisait un plaisir d'éprouver, au contact de son
well-known counterpart in mediæval heraldry in intelligence supérieure, les pensées que, dans l'intervalle the armorial ensign of the Isle of Man, is the d'une visite à l'autre, il avait trouvées avec beaucoup device formed of three human legs conjoined. In d'esprit, forgées avec trop d’art, limées avec des soins in the ancient example, the limbs are nude, couped finis, sans prejudice d'autres pensées plus anciennes qu'il at the hip, and flexed in triangle. In the British cette remarque : Cela n'a pas encore été dit. Un jour, Museum collection, I found five fine and perfect lors de la reconstitution de la noblesse de l'ancien régime, examples of this device, painted white on a black il rappela une pensée qu'il avait publiée en 1808, lors de field. I did not observe any special association l'établissement de la noblesse de l'empire : Tenez, à pro- with the island of Sicily indicated in any other pos de noblesse, cela n'a jamais été dit:. * Noblesse oblige;' respect by these vases. In the same collection l'ancien et du nouveau regime. Tout petit, je ne fus guère are no less than nine examples of another device, frappé de la portée de cette pensée, mais så forme se fixa scarcely less remarkable than the last. This is a vivement dans ma mémoire, seulement par suite de je ne single human leg, couped at the hip, nude, and
bent to a right angle at the knee: as before, the
SERJEANTS' ROBES. device is white on a black field. Upon one vase
In the series of illuminations representing the two warriors appear in the act of arming: one has the shield just described, while the shield of Courts of Law and Equity in the time of Henry his comrade is charged with a white bull's head, VI., published by the
Society of Antiquaries, the couped at the shoulder. At the Louvre, upon a
serjeants are uniformly represented wearing partynoble prize amphora, the goddess Athene is re
coloured robes. In respect to this, the late Mr. presented with a large black shield, charged with G. R. Corner, after quoting George Vertue's statethe same device of a human leg.
ment that in 1747 the party-coloured robe was Amongst other devices charged upon shields still worn for one year upon taking the degree of painted on vases, in the British Museum collec- serjeant-at-law, gives the following note (Archæotions, are the following :-A lion sejant reguard- logia, xxxix. 363): – ant, having the sinister fore paw elevated; a
“I have made application to many of the learned serdemi-lion rampant couped, three examples; lion jeants to ascertain when the use of the party-coloured passant, three examples-one of them remarkable the fact communicated by the Lord Chief Baron to Dr. for fine drawing and spirited execution, and an Diamond, that the whole Bar went into mourning for other very curious; two lions passant guardant; Queen Anne, and they are said never to have come out and two others passant reguardant, both of them again, but have mourned ever since. Mr. Serjeant Atkin
son says that Vertue is wrong in saying that the partyFery remarkable compositions; a bull's head ca
coloured gown was worn in his time; and that, judging bossed, three examples ; a demi-horse couped from the pictures, the change to the present robes of scar(hind legs and tail), two examples; a bull and a let, purple, and black, took place about the time of the demi-bull, both charging; a Pegasus, six ex Protectorate, when a great alteration took place in all amples; a centaur, holding a branch of olive over
dress. Referring to the purple robes of the serjeants, his back, two examples; a demi-wild-boar; a
the learned serjeant quotes an epigram of the facetious
Jekyll:bird volant, four examples; two birds respecting
• The serjeants are a grateful race, each other, a fesse embattled interposed between
Their robes and speeches show it ; them; a white owl, on a shield of AOENE; ser Their purple robes do come from Tyre, pents, sometimes two, sometimes a single one,
Their arguments go to it.'” seventeen examples; a scorpion, four examples; By the following, which I find in "The Knave a crab; a satyr; a hind; a dolphin; a flying-fish; of Harts, his supplication to Card-makers,” pubtwo fish naiant in pale, four examples; a chariot lished by William Rowlands in 1612 (Percy Soand a chariot-wheel, two examples of each; a ciety Publications, vol. ix.), it would seem that votive tripod, seven examples; a throne or chair; black was the ordinary dress of the serjeants at the letter M; a vase, of the form known as a that period, which is earlier than either of those cantharos; a device, apparently designed to re named by the Lord Chief Baron or Mr. Serjeant present the bow of a galley, two examples; and, Atkinson : on a small vase, is a representation of an armed “ Had we * black gownes, upon my life I sweare, footrace-two competitors in the race have hel Many would say that we foure serjeants were : mets and shields, but in other respects are nude;
And that would bring card-play in small request on each of these shields appears a figure, in every
With gallants that were fearefull of arrest : point a counterpart of the racers themselves.
For melancholy they would ever be In the Louvre, upon very fine vases, I observed
A serjeant's picture in their hands to see." these charges on shields : - A demi-lion; a
I cannot help thinking that the question when mounted warrior; a white greyhound sejant ; à party-coloured robes ceased to be worn by the red bull; a demi-horse; six examples of birds serjeants will not long fail of settlement if the volant, some white and others black; a cock; correspondents of “N. & Q.” turn their attention two serpents; two scorpions ; a dolphin; a single to it, and I venture to ask their aid in the matter. fish, certainly not a dolphin; a single human leg;
JOB J. BARDWELL WORKARD, M.A. a single leaf, and a cluster of three leaves
The Temple. conjoined, all of them resembling the ivy leaf; 2 chariot; and various roundles. In another
RELIC OF CHARLES I. — At the beginning of fine collection I found the figure of a giant, with this century, Mr. Smith, a long-established and a black shield charged with a white griffin; respectable glover, in the Parliament Close, Edina similar shield borne by Cygnus, in a group of burgh, possessed a large-sized miniature of the “ Hercules and Cygnus;” an anchor ; a thunder- Martyr, in a massive frame. In this there was an bolt; on the pelta of an Amazon, a bow; with opening, precisely like that for the slides in the other examples of the same charges that I have magic lantern, by which was introduced over the already enumerated. I shall be grateful for any face of the picture, a number, six or eight, I think, information relative to other devices of the same
CHARLES BOUTELL. * That is, the figures of knaves in a pack of cards.
of accessories, cut out where requisite, and painted acquire the reputation of having slid down the on talc or some other suitable medium, and which, puspit banisters to show the ease of a fall from, never covering the countenance, represented the and of having slowly ascended the steps to show king at various important periods of his life. A ' the difficulty of a return to, holiness. The Genholiday with his family—his equipment for battle tleman's Magazine, lxxxv. 573, in an account of -his escape prevented at Carisbrooke--his ap- Dr. Priestley's brother Timothy, says that the pearance on his trial—and his execution, were latter elaborate and most interesting exhibitious of these " was the preacher (though others have borne the credit scenes, and the skill of the artist in delineating of the circumstance) who pulled out of his pocket half-athem. Mr. Smith has long been dead, and I crown, and laid it down upon the pulpit cusinion, offering know not what has become of this precious relic.
to bet with St. Paul that the passage where he says he
could do all things was not true: but reading on by Having recently read an account of a work of art faith,
' put up his money, and said, Nay, nay, Paul, it of a similar kind has recalled this remarkable that's the case, I'll not bet with thee.” production (which might have been mine by gift) to my memory.
Now, in the preface to Artemus Ward, His
Book, this story is told of an American divine, TOMBSTONE INSCRIPTIOX. - The following epi- Lorenzo Dow.
CYRIL. taph is on a tombstone in the parish churchyard
MEDICAL LOYALTY. May not the following of Kemnay, in Aberdeenshire : “ Here lies - Adam,
be used as a strong argument in farour of the Sometime gardener in Paradise,”
loyalty of all medical men, but of physicians in
particular ? Paradise being the name of what was once, and still is, though now neglected, a beautiful spot
Question. laid out as a pleasure-ground near the village of
“ Can you explain to me, Monymusk.
Why all Physicians take
A guinea for their fee, MANTEL-PIECE. - The etymology of this word
When we no guineas make ? has already received considerable attention and
Answer. elucidation in the 1st S. of “N. & Q.,' ix. 302,
“ Oh yes! the reason's plain, 385, 576; x. 153, 334. The following flight of
They are loyal, and unwilling fancy is from a paper by the Rev. Prebendary
That å sovereign e'er again Jackson in The Churchman's Family Magazine for
Should be left without a shilling." June. He is describing old houses in York
S. T. P. shire:
THE OLDEST HOUSE IN ENGLAND.—The follow“ Heavy beams of wood sometimes crossed the chimney ing paragraph from The Builder may be worth to which were suspended hams in process of curing: The preservation in “ N. &Q.:” shepherd from the wold, the traveller soaked in rain and sleet, hung his cloak or mantle to dry within the chim
“ The statement made in our last number respecting ney. Hence the wooden or marble shelf over the fire
the destruction of the old house at Sholing, near Southplace is still called the mantel-piece.”—P. 515.
ampton, formerly the residence of King John, does not CUTHBERT BEDE.
appear to be quite correct. The house has not been
wholly destroyed by the recent gales, only, a portion of LONDON INSCRIPTIONS: THE FRENCH CHAPEL. the walls being injured. The palace consisted of two There is an historic importance, as well as a quiet structures, and the portion blown down belonged to the
eastern wall of the larger house, and contained but few dignity and pathos, about the brief inscription on architectural features to regret. Mr. J. Dutton Smith, a the easterly gable of this edifice that render it judicious local antiquary, states that the two structures worth recording. It is as follows :
were erected early in the twelfth century, and are ac“D. 0. M.
knowledged to be the earliest specimens of domestic architecture existing in England. The building to the right
(entering the postern) is 50ft. long and 40ft. broad; it DEDICARVXT-A.D, 1798."
has in the north wall the remains of a fine Norman fire
place, and to the west a doorway, with three windows, This inscription is probably not to be found in
with a window and door on the north. There are three any published work, while, on the other hand, the ancient fire-places in Southampton-one in this palace lowly and too_mean building itself, in Little (1130), one in the fine vaulted building in Simnel Street George Street, Portman Square, will perhaps not(1200), and one at Netley Abbey, a little later in date long remain standing.
(1233), equalling anything of the same kind remaining
in England, and are worthy of careful investigation. John W. BONE, F.R.S.L.
They are all rapidly falling to pieces, and Mr. Smith sees PULPIT ANECDOTES. Most of the stories now no chance of their proper restoration. The other buildcurrent about Mr. Spurgeon were told in the lasting to the left is 16ft. long on the western side, and 45ft.
in breadth, with a Norman doorway on the south, and a century of Rowland Hill, and one or two of them
window and door of the same date on this side. The may be traced back to Friar Gerund. Most popu- lane (10ft. wide) separating the houses is steep in its delar preachers, whether of local or general fame, scent, and leads direct to a flight of steps at the water's
SVR TITLỘ B.A.P. ANVNTIATE