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meaning of names, 58; his lameness, Xanten, 400, 401.
his wives, Aglaia and Aphrodite, 59; Xan'thus, river, 118, 124; Com. $$71,75-
among the Romans, Mulciber, 88; his Xu'thus, son of Hellen, 49; genealogy,
wife Maia, 89; myths of V., 117, 118; Com. $ $ 95, 132 (2), 132 (5).
made the chariot of the Sun, 122; V.'
and Orion, 147; 260, 262, 273, 297, 298, Yama and Yami; see under Hindoo
365; Com. $$ 37, 71.
Ymir, 366, 367. 387.
Water-nymphs, 77, 85, 87.
Waters, Greek gods of, 85-87 ; older
dynasty, 85; younger d., 85, 86; lesser Zeph'yrus, 72; and Hyacinthus, 121;
divinities, 86, 87; Wordsworth's “The Zephyr and Psyche, 154.
world is too much with us," 87; myths Ze'tes, 73, 245.
of Neptune, 189-191; of lesser divini- ' Ze'thus, 102; Com. § 64.
Zeus; see Jupiter.
Winds, the, Greek names and attri- Zeux'is, Greek painter of Heraclea; flour-
! ished about 424 B.C.
Wodan, Wuotan, Woden; see Odin. 'Ziu, or Tyr, 369.
Wooden horse, the, 305, 329.
Zodiac, Com. $$ 139–143 (Interpret.).
World, conception of, among Greeks, 74. Zoroaster, 36.
Zulus, mental state of the, 21.
Cerco'pes: grotesque and gnome-like senia, had been slain with two of his
rascals, two of whom, while Hercu sons by rebellious nobles, and one
les was sleeping, made off with his Polyphontes, leader of the revolt,
weapons; but, caught by him, were reigned in his stead. But p'y-tus,
strapped knees-upward to either end the third son of Merope, who had
of a yoke, and so borne away by the been concealed by her in Arcadia,
hero. Their drollery, however, re returned thence, in due season, unbe-
gained them their liberty. Some of known to her and in disguise, to wreak
them, having deceived Jupiter, were vengeance on the murderers of his
changed to apes. They were the sub sire. Pretending to have slain Æpy-
ject of a comic poem by Homer, and tus, the stranger won the favor of
of numerous grotesque representations Polyphontes, but came near losing his
in Greek literature and sculpture.
life at his mother's hands. A recog.
Hippot'a-des: Æolus II, son of Hip'po nition being happily effected, pytus,
tes. Identified by Homer (Od. X, 2) aided by his mother, put Polyphontes
and by Ovid (Met. xiv, 224) with to death, and took possession of the
Æolus III, king of the Winds. Mil kingdom. Sources: Hygin. (Fab. 184):
ton, Lycid. 96. See Com. $ 113 (5). Apollod. (ii, 8); Pausan. (ii, 18; iv. 3.
Ja'nus; see p. 512. As god of good be etc.); Aristotle (Poetics xiv, 9 on the
ginnings, which ensure good endings, Tost Cresohontes of Euripides). Poems
Janus is a promoter of civilization. Gel Dramatized by Maftei (1713), Voltaire
lius (v, 12); Ovid (Fasti 1, 179). Ac (1743), Alfieri (1783), and by others;
cording to Macrobius (S. 1, 9-15) he || but recently (1857) by Matthew Arnold,
is Consivius the Sower. Compare whose Merope is at once a masterpiece
Dryden, Epist. to Congreve 7.
of classical invention and of poetic exe-
Mer'o-pe; see p. 514. Of Arcadia, cution.
daughter of King Cypselus, of the Pan'o-pe; see p. 518. Also, one of the
race of Callisto. Her husband, Cres- Nereids (Iliad xviii, 45). See Milton,
phontes, the Heraclid, king of Mes- Lycid. 99.
(Unless otherwise stated, references are to pages of the Text. Section numbers pre-
ceded by Com., refer to the illustrative notes of the Commentary. The sections corre.
spond with those of the Text.)
Addison, Joseph, 1672-1719. Transl. Balder Dead, 381-390 ; Com. § 43.
Metamorphoses, Com. $ 12; Com. Euphrosyne, Urania; Ø 46, Baccha-
$ 175, Spectator, 343.
nalia ; 52-54. The New Sirens ;
Akenside, Mark, 1721-1770. Com. $$ 43, $ 83, Empedocles; $ $ 139-143, Frag-
115, Pleasures of Imagination; § 43, ment of a Dejaneira; $ 151, The New
Ode on Lyric Poetry; Ode to Hesper; Philomela; 158-164, Fragment of
$ 51, Ode to Sleep.
an Antigone; Ø 171, The Strayed Rev-
Albani, Francesco, 1578–1660 (paint.). eller. For his Merope, see p. 526.
Com. $ 41, Mercury and Argus; $ 89, Ashe, Thos., 1836–1889. Com. $ 43, The
Diana and her Nymphs, Actæon (two! Lost Eros.
pictures, Dresden); $ 126, Galatea and
Bacon, Lord, 1561-1626. Wisdom of
Aldrich, T. B., 1836 Com. $ 167, the Ancients; his method of explain-
Pillared Arch and Sculptured Tower. ing Greek Myths, 12.
Anderson, R. B. Com. $ 177-184, Norse Bandinelli, B., 1487-1559 (sculpt.). Com.
Mythology; Horn's Scandinavian Lit- $ 139-143, Hercules and Cacus.
erature; Younger Edda,
Banks, J. Transl. Hesiod, Callimachus,
Angelo, Michael (Buonarotti), 1474-1563 and Theognis (Bohn's Lib.).
(sculpt. and paint.). Com. $ 38, Apollo; | Barnfield, Richard, 1574-1627. Com.
Ý 43, The Fates; § 46, The Drunken $ 151, Song, “As it fell upon a day'
Bacchus; § 51, A Fury; $ 93, Dying (Philomela).
Adonis; 117, Mask of Satyr; $ 174, Bartsch, K.F. Der Nibelunge Not, 34 n;
Armstrong, John, 1709-1779. The Art Bates, H. (paint.). Com. $ 94, Psyche,
of Preserving Health, Com. $$ 38, 52– Baumeister. Denkmäler d. Klassischen
54, 68, 133-137
Alterthums; see List of Illustra-
Arnold, Sir E., 1832- Com, $ 15, tions.
Indian Idylls, Light of Asia; § 59. Beattie, James, 1735-1803. Com. $ 139-
Hymn of the Priestess of Diana; 96, 143, Battle of Pygmies and Cranes;
transl. Musæus; $ 167, Iphigenia. $ 167, The Judgment of Paris,
Arnold, M., 1822-1888. Quotation from Beaumont, Francis, 1586-1616, and
The New Philomela, 258, 259; from John Fletcher, 1579-1625. Com, Ø 43.