Heating and Ventilating Buildings: A Manual for Heating Engineers and Architects

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Use of Thermometers
13
Specific Heat
14
Latent Heat
15
Reflection and Transmission of Radiant Heat
16
Diffusion of Heat
17
Conduction of Heat
18
Convection or Heating by Contact
19
Sytems of Warming
20
CHAPTER II
21
ARTICLE MM
23
Diffusion of Gases
24
Carbonic Acid or Carbon Dioxide CC and Carbonic Oxide CO
25
IBTICLX P40E 25 NitrocenArgon
27
Determination of Humidity of the Air
32
Amount of Air Required for Ventilation
34
Influence of the Size of the Boom on Ventilation
37
Force for Moving the Air
38
Measurements of the Velocity of Air
40
The Flow of Air and Gases
46
The Effect of Heat in Producing Motion of Air
51
Distribution of Air
55
The Outlet for Air
58
Ventilationflues
59
Summary of Problems of Ventilation
60
Dimensions of Registers and Flues
62
CHAPTER III
64
Los3 of Heat from Walls of Buildings
65
Heat Required for Purposes of VentilationTotal Heat Required
69
CHAPTER IV
80
Heat Emitted by Radiation
81
Heat Removed by Convection Indirect Heating
83
Total Heat Emitted
84
Heat Transmission Varies with Circulation
87
Methods of Testing Radiators
89
Measurement of Radiating Surface
93
Effect of Painting Radiating Surfaces
94
Results of Tests of Radiating Surface
95
Tests of Indirect Heating Surfaces
103
Conclusions from Radiator Tests
112
Probable Efficiency of Indirect Radiators
114
CHAPTER V
117
Wroughtiron and Steel Pipe
119
Pipe Fittings
122
ARTICLI FAOI 127 Summary of Various Methods of Computing Quantities Required
127
Valves and Cocks
128
Airvalves
132
Expansion Joints
135
CHAPTER VL
137
Vertical Pipe Steam Radiators
139
Castiron Steam Radiator
140
Hotwater Radiator
143
DirectIndirect Radiator
146
Proportion of Parts of Radiators
149
CHAPTER VII
150
General Requisites of Steamboilers
151
Boiler Horsepower
152
Relative Proportions of Heating to Grate Surface
153
Water Surface in BoilerSteam and Water Space
156
Requisites for Perfect Steamboiler
157
Classification of Boilers
158
Horizontal Tubular Boiler
160
Locomotive and Marine Boilers
161
79a Vertical Boilers
162
Watertube Boilers
163
Hotwater Heaters
165
Classes of Heatingboilers and Heaters
166
Heatingboilers with Magazines
171
Heatingboilers for Soft Coal
172
CHAPTER VIII
173
Setting of Heatingboilers
177
The Safetyvalve
179
Appliances for Showing the Level of Water in Boiler
182
Methods of Measuring Pressure
183
iRTItt E PAOC 90 Thermometers 18G 91 Damper Regulators
186
Blowoff Cocks or Valves
187
Expansion Tank
188
tAOU 189 Saving Due to Temperature Regulation Construction of Pneu
189
Form of Chimneys
190
Size of Chimneys
191
Chimneytops
192
Grates
193
Traps
194
Returntraps
197
General Directions for the Care of Steamheating Boilers
199
Care of Hotwater Heaters
201
Explosions of Hotwater Heaters
206
VARIOUS SYSTEMS OF PIPING 105 Systems Employed in Steamheating
208
Systems of Piping
210
Systems of Piping Usd in Hotwater Heating
215
Combination Systems o1 Heating
218
Pipe Connections Steamheating Systems
221
Flow of Water and Steam
247
Size of Pipes to Supply Radiating Surfaces
252
Size of Return Pipes Steamheating
259
Size of Pipes for Hotwater Radiators 200
260
Size of Ducts and Ventilating Flue for Conveying Air 204
267
for Heating
268
Heating of Greenhouses
270
Heating of Workshops and Factories
277
CHAPTER XI
281
Proportions of Radiating Surface and Main Pipes Required in Ex haust Heating
283
Systems of Exhaust Heating with Less than Atmospheric Pressure
285
Combined High and Lowpressure Heating Systems
297
Pump Governors
298
The Steam Loop
299
Reducing Valves
300
Transmission of Steam Long Distances
302
General Principles
310
General Form of a Furnace
312
Proportions Required for Furnace Heating
314
Airsupply for the Furnace
317
Pipes for Heated Air
318
The Areas of Registers or Openings into Various Rooms
320
Circulating Systems of Hot Air
322
Combination Heaters
323
General Directions for Operating a Furnace
324
Rules for Furnace Heating
330
CHAPTER XIII
333
Centrifugal Ventilators
334
Propeller or Disc Fans
341
Theoretical Work of Moving Air
343
RT CLX rAOl J 50 Work of Moving Air through Pipes Dimensions of Pipelines for Air
345
1G0 Murgues Theory of the Centrifugal Ventilator
349
Authors Fan Theory Maximum Pressure Produced by Fan or Blower Work Required to Run a Fan
363
Application of Theory Rule for Capacity Rule for Power Tests to Verify Rules
364
Relative Efficiencies of Fans or Blowers and of Heated Flues
368
Disc and Propeller Fans
372
Measurement of Air Supplied a Room
373
CHAPTER XIV
377
Volume or Regulating Dampers
381
Ducts or Flues Registers
384
Blowers or Fans
388
Heating Surface Required
389
Size of Boiler Required
390
Practical Construction of Hotblast System of Heating
391
Description of Mechanical Ventilating Plant
397
Systems of Ventilation without Heating
404
Heating with Refrigerating Machines
405
CHAPTER XV
407
Formula and General Considerations
410
Construction of Electrical Heaters
412
Connections for Electrical Heaters
415
CHAPTER XVI
416
Regulators Acting by Change of Pressure
417
Regulators Operated by Direct Expansion
421
Regulators Operated with Motor General Types
422
Pneumatic Motor System
424
matic Thermostat
427
CHAPTER XVII
430
Three Objects Sought
431
Limitations to the Supply of Pure Air
432
Means for Reducing Draughtiness
433
19 Little Draughtiness in Outflowing Currents
435
Cost
436
Boiler Power
438
Power for Moving Air through Ventilating System
439
Gravity Ventilation
440
Mechanical Ventilation
441
Fuel for Air Wanning
443
Skilled Attendance Required
444
Successive Ventilation
445
Supply of Air for Rooms not Frequently Occupied
446
Course of the Airsupply
447
Quick Preparatory Warming
449
Heat Commonly Wasted
450
Solar Heat
451
Automatic Control of Temperature
452
Double Glazing
453
Waste of Heat at Night
454
Location of Outlets
456
Air Filtration
457
Air Humidity
458
Method of Warming
459
SPECIFICATION PROPOSALS AND BUSINESS SUGGESTIONS 224 General Business Methods 462
462
General Requirements
463
Form Proposed by the National Association of Manufacturers
466
Form of Uniform Contract
476
Protection from FireHot Air and Steamheating
484
Literature and References
493
Tables
499
Index
543

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