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agreement American Tobacco Company amount antitrust association bination capital per establishment cent charged coal Commerce Court commission Commissioner of Corporations common law Comparative Summary competitive system competitors concentration of industry concerns consolidation cooperation cost court decisions declared district economic excessive exist extent freight illegal illustrated important included Increase Interstate Commerce Commission Interstate Commerce Committee iron and steel labor large companies manufacture ment Value monopoly number of establishments number of plants organization output panies patent pig iron pool present principle profits prohibited public utilities railroads rails rates reasonable rebates regarding regulation restraint of trade retail Section secure selling agency Senate Interstate Commerce Sherman act Sherman antitrust act situation small companies Standard Oil Company statute steel combine Steel Company Steel Corporation Summary with Percentages syndicate Table tablish timber tion tons transportation trust unfair practices United States Steel unreasonable Value of Products violation waste water power
Сторінка 280 - Sec. 4. The several circuit courts of the United States are hereby invested with jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of this act; and it shall be the duty of the several district attorneys of the United States, in their respective districts, under the direction of the attorney general, to institute proceedings in equity to prevent and restrain such violations.
Сторінка 280 - ... shall be enjoined or otherwise prohibited. When the parties complained of shall have been duly notified of such petition the court shall proceed, as soon as may be, to the hearing and determination of the case; and pending such petition and before final decree, the court may at any time make such temporary restraining order or prohibition as shall be deemed just in the premises.
Сторінка 279 - Every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, is hereby declared to be illegal. Every person who shall make any such contract or engage in any such combination or conspiracy, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor...
Сторінка 280 - Act may be pending, that the ends of justice require that other parties should be brought before the court, the court may cause them to be summoned, whether they reside in the district in which the court is held or not; and subpoenas to that end may be served in any district by the marshal thereof. ''Sec. 6. Any property owned under any contract or by any combination, or pursuant to any conspiracy...
Сторінка 281 - SEC. 7. Any person who shall be injured in his business or property by any other person or corporation by reason of anything forbidden or declared to be unlawful by this act, may sue therefor in any circuit court of the United States in the district in which the defendant resides or is found, without respect to the amount in controversy, and shall recover three fold the damages by him sustained, and the costs of suit, including a reasonable attorney's fee. SEC. 8. That the word "person,
Сторінка 250 - Property does become clothed with a public interest when used in a manner to make it of public consequence, and affect the community at large. When, therefore, one devotes his property to a use in which the public has an interest, he, in effect, grants to the public an interest in that use, and must submit to be controlled by the public for the common good, to the extent of the interest he has thus created.
Сторінка 187 - It matters not whether the combination be "in the form of a trust or otherwise," whether it be in the form of a trade association or a corporation, if it arbitrarily uses its power to force weaker competitors out of business or to coerce them into a sale to or union with the combination, it puts a restraint upon interstate commerce and monopolizes or attempts to monopolize a part of that commerce in a sense that violates the anti-trust act.
Сторінка 174 - Any combination, the tendency of which is to prevent competition in its broad and general sense and to control, and thus at will enhance prices to the detriment of the public, is a legal monopoly.
Сторінка 280 - Any property owned under any contract or by any combination, or pursuant to any conspiracy (and being the subject thereof) mentioned in section one of this act, and being in the course of transportation from one State to another, or to a foreign country, shall be forfeited to the United States, and may be seized and condemned by like proceedings as those provided by law for the forfeiture, seizure, and condemnation of property imported into the United States contrary to law.
Сторінка 172 - Combinations between individuals or firms for the regulation of prices, and of competition in business, are not monopolies, and are not unlawful as in restraint of -trade, so long as they are reasonable, and do not include all of a commodity or trade, or create such restrictions as to materially affect the freedom of commerce [quoting from People's Gaslight & Coke Co.