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501. Aphthæ 503. Rhacosis

ORDER IV. EXCRESCENTIÆ. 502. Intertrigo

28. Sarcoma 32. Hordeolum OR DER VII. CONCRETIONES.

29. Condyloma 33. Trachelophyma

30. Verruca 34. Exostosis 504. Ancyloblepha. 507. Ancyloglossum 31. Pterygium 508. Ancylosis

ORDER V. 505. Zynizesis 509. Cicatrix

CYSTIDES. 506. Dacrymoma 510. Dactylion 35. Aneurysma 40. Lupia

S6. Varix

41. Hydarthrus CLASS XI. DEFORMITATES.

37. Marisca 42. Apostema 511. Phoxos 536. Cholosis

38. Hydatis 43. Exomphalus .512. Gibber 537. Gryposis

39. Staphyloma 44. Oscheophyma 513. Caput obstipum 538. Nævus

ORDER VI. ECTOPIÆ. 514. Strabismus 539. Monstrositas 515. Myopiasis 540. Polysarcia

45. Exophthalmia 59. Opodeocele 516. Lagophthalmus 541. Ischnotis

46. Blepharoptosis 60. Ischiocele 517. Trichiasis 542. Rhicnosis 47. Hypostaphyle 61. Colpocele 518. Ectropium 545. Varus

48. Paraglossa 62. Perinæocele 519. Entropium 544. Valgus

49. Proptoma 63. Peritonæorixis 520. Rhæas 545. Leiopodes

50. Exania

64. Encepbalocele 521. Rhyssemata 546. Apella

51. Exocystis 65. Hysteroloxia 522. Lagocheilos 547. Hypospadiæos

52. Hysteroptosis 66. Parorchydium 523. Melachosteon 548. Urorhæas 53. Colpoptosis 67. Exarthrema 524.' Hirsuties 549. Atreta

54. Gastrocele 68. Diastasis 525. Canities 550. Saniodes

55. Omphalocele 69. Loxarthrus 526. Distrix 551. Cripsorchis

56. Hepatocele 70. Gibbositas 527. Xirasia

71. Lordosis 552. Hermaphrodites 57. Merocele 528. Phalacrotis 553. Dionyfiscus

58. Bubonocele 529. Alopecia 554. Artetiscus

ORDER VII. DEFORMITATES. 530. Madarosis 555. Nefrendis

72. Lagostoma 556. Spanopogon

75. Epidosis 531. Ptilosis 539. Rodatio 557. Hyperartetiscus

73. Apella 76. Anchylomerisma 533. Phalangosis 558. Galiancon

74. Polymerisma 77. Hirsnties 5S4. Coloboma 559. Galbulas

CLASS II. PLAGÆ. 535. Cercosis 560. Mola

ORDER I. SOLUTIONES,
Nosological Arrungement of SAGAR.

Recentes, Cruentæ.
CLASS I. VITIA.

78. Valnus

82. Excoriatio

79. Punctura 83. Contusio ORDER I. MACULE.

80. Sclopetoplaga 84. Ruptura 1. Leucoma 4. Nævus

81. Morsus 2. Vitiligo 5. Ecchymoma

ORDER II. SOLUTIONES. 3. Ephelis

Recentes, Cruentæ, Artificiales. ORDER II. EFFLORESCENTIA. 85. Operatio 87. Sutura 6. Pustnla 11. Herpes

86. Amputatio 88. Paracentesis 7. Papnla 12. Epinyctis

ORDER III. SOLUTIONES. 8. Phlycthæna 13. Hemeropathos 9. Bacchia

Incruente. 14. Psydracia 10. Varus 15. Hydroa

89. Ulcus

93. Eschara

90. Exulceratio 94. Caries ORDER III. PHYMATA.

91. Fistula

95. Arthrocace 16. Erythema 22. Parotis

92. Sinus 17. Oedema 23. Farunculus

ORDER IV. SOLUTIONES. 18. Emphysema 24. Anthrax

Anomalæ. 19. Scirrhus

25. Cancer 20. Inflammatio 26. Paronychia 96. Rhagas 98. Fractura 21. Bubo 27. Phimosis

97, Ambustio 99. Fissura

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CLASS III. CACHEXIÆ.

164. Splenalgia 166. Hysteralgia

165. Nephralgia ORDER I. MACIES. 100. Tabes 103. Hæmatoporia

ORDER V. EXTERNARUM. 101. Phthisis 104. Aridura

167. Mastodynia 171. Proctalgia 102. Atrophia

168. Rachialgia 172. Pudendagra

169. Lumbago 173. Digitium ORDER II. INTUMESCENTIÆ.

170. Ischias 105. Plethora 109. Phlegmatia 106. Polysarcia 110. Physconia

CLASS V. FLUXUS.
107. Pneumatosis 111. Graviditas
108. Anasarca

ORDER I. SANGUIFLUXUS.
ORDER III. HYDROPEB.

174. Hæmorrhagia 178. Hæmaturia
Partiales.

175. Hæmoptysis 179. Metrorrhagia 112. Hydrocephalus 116. Hydrometra

176. Stomacace 180. Abortus 113. Physocephalus 117. Physometra

177. Hæmatemesis 114. Hydrorachitis 118. Tympanites

ORDER II. ALVIFLUXUS. 115. Ascites 119. Meteorismus

Sanguinolenti.
ORDER IV. TUBERA.

181. Hepatirrhea 183. Dysenteria
120., Rachitis
123. Leontiasis

182. Hæmorrhois 184. Melæna 121. Scrophula 124. Malis 122. Carcinoma 125. Frambæsia

ORDER III. ALVIFLUXUS.

Non Sanguinolenti. ORDER V. IMPETIGINES. 126. Syphilis 129. Lepra

185. Nausea 190. Cæliaca 127. Scorbutus 130. Scabies

186. Vomitus 191. Lienteria 128. Elephantiasis 131. Tinea

187. Ileus

192. Tenesmus

188. Cholera 193. Proctorrhea ORDER VI. ICTERITIÆ.

189. Diarrhæa 132. Aurigo 134. Phænigmus

ORDER IV. 135. Melaficterus 135. Chlorosis

SERIFLUXUS.

194. Ephidrosis 201. Pyuria ORDER VII. ANOMALE.

195. Epiphora 202. Leucorrhæa 136. Phthiriasis 139. Elcosis

196. Coryza 203. Lochiorrhea 137. Trichoma 140. Gangræna 197. Ptyalismus 204. Gonorrhea 138. Alopecia 141. Necrosis

198. Anacatharsis 205. Galactirrhæa

199. Diabetes 206. Otorrhea CLASS IV. DOLORES.

200. Enuresis ORDER I. VAGI.

ORDER V. ÆRIFLUXUS. 142. Arthritis 147. Lassitudo

207. Flatulentia 209. Dysodia 143. Ostocopus 148. Stupor

208. Ædopsophia 144. Rheumatismus 149. Pruritus 145. Catarrhus 150. Algor

CLASS VI. SUPPRESSIONES. 146. Anxietas 151. Ardor

ORDER I. EGERENDORUM. ORDER II. CAPITIS. 152. Cephalalgia 155. Opbthalmia

210. Adiapneustia 213. Dysuria 153. Cephalæa 156. Otalgia

211. Sterilitas 214. Aglactatio 154. Hemicrania 157. Odontalgia

212. Ischuria 213. Dyslochia

PECTORIS.

ORDER INI.

ORDER II, INGEREN DORUM.

159. Cardiogmus

ABDOMINIS.

158. Pyrosis

ORDER IV. 160. Cardialgia 161. Gastrodynia

216. Dysphagia 217. Angina

IMI VENTRIS. 218. Dysmenorrhoea 220. Dyshæmorrhois 219. Dystocia 221. Obstipatio

ORDER III.

162. Colica
163. Hepatalgia

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CLASS VII. SPAPMI.

ORDER I.

TONICI PARTIALES.

222. Strabismus 223. Trismns 224. Obstipitas

225. Contractura 226. Crampus 227. Priapismus

ORDER II.

TONICI GENERALES.

228. Tetanus

229. Catochus

ORDER III.

CLONICI PARTIALES.

230. Nystagmus
231. Carphologia
232. Subsnltus
233. Pandiculatio
234. Apomystosis.

235. Convulsio
236. Tremor
237. Palpitatio
238. Claudicatio

ORDER IV.

CLONICI GENERALES.

239. Phricasmus
240. Eclampsia
241. Epilepsia

242. Hysteria
243. Scelotyrbe
244. Beriberia

CLASS VIII. ANHELATIONES.

SPASMODICÆ.

ORDER T. 245. Ephialtes 246. Sternutatio 247. Oscedo

248. Singuitus
249. Tussis.

ORDER II.

SUPPRESSIVÆ.

250. Stertor
251. Dyspnea
252. Asthma
253. Orthopnea

254. Pleurodyne
255. Rheuma
256. Hydrothorax
257. Empyema

CLASS IX. DEBILITATES.

ORDER I.

DYSESTHESIÆ.

258. Amblyopia
259. Caligo
260. Cataracta
261. Amanrosis
262. Anosmia

263. Agheustia
264. Dysecæa
265. Paracusis
266. Cophosis
267. Anästhesia

ORDER II.

ANEPITHYMIÆ.

270. Anaphrodisia

268. Anorexia 269. Adipsia

DYSCINESIÆ.

ORDER III.

271. Mutitas 272. Aphonia 273. Psellismus 274. Cacophonia

275. Paralysis 276. Hemiplegia' 277. Paraplexia

ORDER IV.

LEIPOPSYCALÆ.

278. Astheria
279. Lipothynia

280. Syncope
281. Asphyxia

mns

ORDER II.

ORDER III.

DELIRIA.

ORDER IV.

ANOMALÆ.

MOROSITATES. as it is to the tribe which is thus con334. Pica 340. Satyriasis

nectively arranged. $35. Bulimia 341. Nymphomania

Of Dr. Cullen's table it is obvions that its 336. Polydipsia 342. Tarantismus.

chief features are due to himself alone-his 337. Antipathia 343. Hydrophobia

classes are for the most part simple, and at 338. Nostalgia 344. Rabies

the same time comprehensive, his orders 339. Panophobia

are natural, and his genera ably disposed. The most objectionable of his classes is the

last, or that entitled locales, which, like the 345. Paraphrusine S48. Dæmonomania cryptogamia of Linnæus's botanical system, 346. Amentia 349. Mania

is a mere appendix for the purpose of com347. Melancholia

prehending whatever could not conveni. ently be disposed under the previous heads.

There is also some confusion as to a few of 350. Amnesia 351. Agrypnia.

his orders, and we may here enumerate Our remarks opon these different ar- profluvia in Class I. compared with aporangements must be cursory. That of cenoses in Class IV. since the former is only Vogel's would appear at first sight to be the

a Latin, and the latter a Greek word of the fullest, as comprising not less than five hun- same meaning; and since the diseases in the dred and sixty distinct genera of diseases ; former order are only distinct genera of the and that of Cullen's the least complete, as

latter in many instances; there is also some extending to not more than a hundred and doubt as to the situation of several of his fifty; but when it is reflected upon, that genera. Nevertheless, it is upon the whole, nearly five parts out of six of the distinct the best division that has hitherto apgenera of Vogel are regarded as mere peared ; it is far more generally studied species of other genera by Cullen, and ar

and lectured from than any other ; and ranged accordingly; the latter must at once

under this division therefore we shall probe allowed to be equally full, and to possess ceed to notice cursorily the different genera a high advantage in point of simplicity, according to this classification, and to de Sagar's is the most numerous next to Vogel's; scribe the character and mode of cure of the and like Vogel's it is numerous, not from the

more common or more prominent. possession of additional matter, but from

PRAXIS. extending to distinct genera, diseases of the same genus, and which ought to rank

This is the last division comprised under merely as separate species, or even va. this article ; and, from the explanation we rieties. In the general arrangement of have just given of it, it is obvious that it is these nosologists, we perceive a consider the most important. able resemblance to that of Sauvage : their

CLASS I. classes, though differently disposed, are nearly alike as well in name as in number ; yet Sauvage's is the most simple, at the horror; increased heat; disturbed functions ;

Frequent pulse, succeeded by shivering or same time that it is the most comprehen

prostration of strength. sive. The arrangement of Linnæus is like all his arrangements, neat and classical,

ORDER I. Febris. FEVER. perhaps the most classical of the whole of Pyrexy independent of local affection as those now before us. His system is in a great its cause ; languor, lassitude, and other signs measure his own : he has however more of debility. classes, and genera, but fewer orders than This order is divided into two sections, Sauvage ; and it is not always that the an intermittent, including tertians, quarterms of his classes are sufficiently charac- tans, and quotidians, with the different vateristic of the diseases that rank under rieties of these distinct genera ; and contithem. Many of those that are disposed nued, which include the genera of synocha, under the class quietales, for example, are or simple inflammatory fever ; typhus, pu. as much diseases of the mind, as several trid, or jail-fever; and synochus, a mixed that are placed immediately under the fever commencing like the first and termiclass mentales; and we are afraid that the nating like the second. The intermittent term dolorosi peculiarly applied to Class family are defined as follows: Fevers IV. is just as applicable to a great multitude arising from the miasm of marshy grounds of diseases distributed under other classes, with an evident remission, the returning

PYREXIÆ.

fits being alınost always ushered in by hor- ther with the constriction of the skin, now ror or trembling. One paroxysm only in disappear, and are succeeded by a general the day. The continued family are defined redness and turgescence; the tongue is tbus : fevers without intermission, not oc. white and dry, the thirst is considerable, casioned by marsh miasm, attended with the skin continues parched, the head-ach, it exacerbations and remissions, though not it was absent in the first stage, now comes very perceptible.

on, is accompanied with throbbing of the The remote causes of fever are not always temporal arteries, and frequently rises to to be easily or accurately distinguished, and delirium, and the urine is luigh coloured ; of the proximate causes we may fairly be as the hot stage advances, the nausea and said to know nothing, since so many dif. vomiting abate, and on the appearance of ferent conjectures, often in direct hostility moisture upon the skin, they generally cease to each other have been offered, by writers altogether. The hot stage is at length terof the first reputation, and the system of minated by a profuse sweat, which breaks yesterday has so freqnently fallen before out, first about the face and breast; it grathat of tó day. Without entering therefore dually extends over the whole body, and into this controverted subject, we shall pro- terminates the paroxysm; most of the ceed to an account of the general symptoms functions are restored to their natural state, and mode of treatment.

the respiration becomes free, the urine deIntermittents.--Symptoms. A regular pa. posits a lateritious sediment, the sweat graroxysm of this fever is divided into three dually ceases, and with it the febrile sympstages--the cold, hot, and sweating stage. toms; the patient is, however, left in a

The first stage commences with yawning weak and wearied state : between the paand stretching; there is at the same time roxysms, the patient is more easily fatigued an uneasy sense of weariness or inaptitude than usual, complains of want of appetite, to motion, accompanied withi'some degree and the skin is parched, or he is more of debility; paleness and shrinking of the liable to profuse perspiration than in health. features and extremities are also observ. The cold fit of this species is longer than able; at this period some coldness of the that of the quotidian, but shorter than that extremities may be felt by another person, of the quartan, and the whole paroxysm is although the patient takes little or no no- shorter than that of the quotidian, but longer tice of it; the skin, however, becomes than that of the quartan. rough, as is the case in cold weather, and is The predisposing causes of intermittents less sensible than usual ; a sensation of are, whatever tends to debilitate the body, coldness is now felt by the patient himself, a warm moist, or cold damp atmosphere, which is at first referred to the back, and particular seasons, as spring and antumn : gradually spreads over the whole body, the occasional or exciting causes are, marsh producing an universal shaking : after miasm, contagion, and perhaps lugar inthis has lasted for some time, the patient's fuence. sensation of cold still continuing, the Prognosis. Mildness and regularity of the warmth of his skin, to the feeling of paroxysm, a general cutaneous eruption, or another person, or measured by the ther. an eruption about the mouth and behind the mometer, gradually increases ; there is ears, accompanied with a swelling of the nausea, and frequently vomiting of a bilious upper lip, when the paroxysm is going off; a matter; pains of the back, limbs, loips, and free hemorrhage from the nose during the pahead-ach, or more commonly drowsiness, roxysm, and the urine depositing a lateritistupor, or a considerable degree of coma at- ous sediment in the last stage, are favourable tend this stage ; the respiration is frequent symptoms. Coma, delirium, great anxiety, and anxious ; the pulse is small, frequent, difficult respiration, attended with biccup. sometimes irregular, and often scarcely per. swelling of the tonsils, the abdomen tumid, ceptible ; the urine is almost colourless, and hard, and painful to the touch, accompanied without cloud or sediment.

with obstinate costiveness, tension and pain As the cold and shivering, after alternating in the epigastric and hypochondric regions for some time with warm flushings, gra- during the paroxysm; listlessness, nausea, or dually abate, the hot stage is ushered in by debility, attended with vertigo in the intera preternatural heat, the pulse becomes fuli, missions, or a few drops of blood falling strong, and hard, the respiration is more from the nose in the paroxysm, are unfa. free, but still frequent and anxious, the vourable symptoms. Intermittents are frepaleness and shrinking of the features, toge- quently followed by, or attended with, obVOL. IV.

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