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If a wise må wel warned, aduisedly will way the sentence, he equiponderant, that my impatience to try the event of my first ARRO shall find the hole boke nothing els, but falshed vnder pretext of performance will not suffer me to attend any longer to the trepi- GATE playnesse, crueltie vnder the cloke of pietie, sedicið vnder the dations of the balance.
Rambler, No. 1. colour of counsayl, proud arrogancie vnder ye name of suppli
Arrogance is always offersive; because in demanding more ARROW, cacion.
than its due (for this meaning appears in the etymology of the Sir Thos. More's Workes, fol. 290. c. 1.
word) it manifests a petulant and injurious disposition, that disArrogant is lie that thinketh that he hath those bountees in him,
dains to be controlled by good breeding or any other restraint.
Beattie's Moral Science.
ARROO, or ARRAU ISLES. See ARRU.
ARROTINO, L', in Sculpture, is a celebrated statue the dignitie of their own apostle, but because themselfes would be
It rehad in greater estimacion, indging in this enen as foolishly of presents an old man resting upon one knec, and theselt, as of them in whose behalfe they doe arroguntly bragge whetting a knife upon a stone, with his head in an atand crake.
titude of listening, as if cautious not to be observed. Udull. 1 Corin. c. 4.
The head and hair of this statue have been much To be assured of our saluation, S. Augustine saithe, it is no ar.
admired. rogante stoutenesse : it is our faith, it is no pride : it is deuotion,
A'RROW, it is no presumption : it is Goddes promisse.
A.S. arwe, from Ger. arwian, to preJewel's Defence of the Apologie. A'rrowy. Where shall the blood of those millions of souls, which mis- prepared for battle. Skinner. carried through this arrogant usurpation, be required, but at those Applied to any material. hands, who would rather chuse the world should perish, than Prepared, dressed, to be shot from a bow. their crest should fall ?
Bp. Hall's Peace Maker.
Myd arwen & myd quareles so muche folk first me slow,
And sebþe with speres smyton a doun, þat deol was ynow.
R. Gloucester, p. 48.
A shefe of peacock arwes bright and kene
Under his belt he bare ful thriftily.
Wel coude he dresse his takel yemanly.
His arwes drouped not with fetheres lowe,
And in his hond be bare a mighty bowe.
Chaucer. The Prologue, vi. p. 5.
And ten broad arrowes held he there
Of which fue in his hond were
But they were shauen well and dight
Nocked and fethered a right.
Id. Romant of the Rose, fol. 120. c. 3.
Their shells before him ; lest the Greekes (discerning him)
Meane space, with all his care he chus’d, and from his quiver tification, not of the body (for that's sufficiently insisted upon) but
drew of the more spiritual arrogative life of the soul, that subtill ascrib
An arrow, fethered best for flight, and yet that never flew;
Strong beaded and most apt to pierce ; then tooke be up his bow,
And nockt his shaft; the ground whence all their future griefe
Chapman's Homer's Iliad, book is.
This, by the Greeks unseen, the warrier bends,
There meditates the mark; and couching low,
Fits the sharp arrow to the well-strung bow.
One from a hundred feather'd deaths he chose,
Fated to wound, and cause of future woes.
Pope's Homer's Iliad, book ir.
Too slightly timbred for so loud a winde,
And not where I had aim'd them. beliere, they can never have any just claime, so shall I not dare
Shakespeare's Hamlet, fol. 275. by this essay to lay any title, since more sweate and oyle he must This county, in fashion, is like a bended bowe, the sea making spend who shall arrogate so excellent attribute.
the back, the rivers Wolland and Humber the two horns thereof, Habington, The Author. while Trent hangeth down from the latter like a broken string, as
being somewhat the shortest : such persecute the metaphor 100 It had perhaps been easie enough for me to have arrogated more
much, who compare the river Witham (whose currant is crooked) to myself than was my due in the writing of this play.
into the arrow crossing the middle thereof.
Fuller's Worthies. Lincolnshire.
For this day will pour down,
If I conjecture aught, no drizling show'r,
But ratling storm of arrows barb'd with fire.
Milton's Par. Lost, book vi.
Mean time the virgin-huntress was not slow
T' expel the shaft from her contracted bow :
By thee entrusted with supreme command,
When thou art absent, to Phaleron's port,
Late arsenal of Athens.
Glover's Athenaid, book iv.
ARSENIC, is one of the brittle metals, and it is so
It occurs chiefly in primitive rocks, not forming
particularly the ores of silver, lead, antimony, nickel,
It is found in the metallic state, sometimes as an
oxide, and frequently in combination with sulphur.
Arsenic will combine with most of the metals, and
For an ac contact with that metal; the oxide has an acrid taste,
as pigments; but in China, realgar is formed into ves-
them, is used as a remedy in certain diseases.
ARSENIC, in Pharmacy. The white oxide is directed rest's Voyage to New Guinea. Valentyn's Oud en Nieuw by the London Pharmacopæia, to be sublimed, after oost-Indiën. Buffon, Hist. des Oiseaux, ed. de Sonnini, which it is to be boiled with an equal weight of carbup. 345, &c.
nate of potash, in order to form the liquor Arsenicalis, ARSACIDÆ, the name given to the kings of Par- Fowler's Solution, or the Tasteless Ague Drop. This thia, from Arsaces, the founder of the monarchy. solution, which contains one grain of arsenic in two Blair dates his death at 245 B. C. and his dynasty con- drams, is given in doses of a few drops in intermittent tinued till A. D. 229.
fevers, and in several eruptive diseases. Great caution ARSANE, a town of Palestine, in which Asa king is necessary in the exhibition of so dangerous a remedy. of Israel was buried, according to Josephus. Antiq. Arsenic has been used externally in cancer, lupus, &c. viii. 6.
in form of an ointment. For an account of poison by A'RSENAL, a word of unsettled etymology. Ju- arsenic, the reader is referred to art. Poison. nius conjectures that it is contracted from the It. arce ARSHIN, the most common Russian measure of navale. « An armoury, a store-house of armour; artil- length=16 vershok=315 to Paris lines. It is also a lery, shipping or ships.” Cotgrave.
Chinese measure, but 1 Chinese arshin=302 Paris This L. Quintius, the only hope of the Romans, the man who lines. 3 arshins=l fathom, and 500 fathoms=1 was to set upright theire empire now distressed, occupied then a
verst. piece of ground, to the quantitie of some foure acres, called to this day Quintia prata, i. e. Quintius his meaddowes, on the other
A’RSON, saddle-bow, arçon de la selle. Fr. arciside of the Tyber, over against that very place where now the
one. It. Barb. Lat. arcio. Thus traced by Menage, arsenall and ship dockes are, and there was hee found digging a arcus, arcuus, arcuo, arcyo, arcio, arcione, arçon, ditch, and bearing hard on bis spade, or else a plowing the ground, arzon. I wote not whether, but busie and earnest about some rusticall
Between the saddle and the arsoun, worke, no doubt he was.
The stroke of that felon glode adowo,
Withouten wem or wound.
Guy of Warwick, in Ellis, v. li. p. 81.
Arson, in Law, from ardeo, I burn ; signifies the
act of wilfully setting fire to a house or other pro-
perty, belonging to others. If the house be a man's His wise providence hath made one country the granery, another the cellar, another the orchard, another the arsenal of their own, the act is not felony, and punishable with death, neighbours, yea, of the remotest parts.
but only a great misdemeanor, and punishable by fine, Bp. Hall. Quo Vudis ? A Censure of Travel. imprisonment, or pillory.
some round, some square : that it was the rarest thing to behold
Studious they appear
Of arts that polish life, inventers rare,
Unmindful of their maker, though his Spirit
Taught thein, but they his gifts acknowledg'd none.
Millon's Par. Lost, book xi.
And Plato, in his Theatetus, noteth weil, “ That particulars
are infinite, and the higher generalities give no suficient direcARTI'FICER, ARTful where an evil design tion; and that the pith of all sciences, which maketh the artsmen ARTIFICIAL, is imputed.
differ from the inexpert, is in the middle propositions, which in Arti'fiCIALLY.
every particular knowledge are taken from tradition and expe
Bacon. Of Learning.
This, my lord, is the duchess Bianca, a wond'rous sweet pic-
ture, if you will observe with what singularity the artsman hath Ne bifore bot on, þat in Cantebrigge red.
strove to set forth each limb in exquisitest proportion, not missing
Ford's Love's Sacriấce.
In the unity of time you find them so scrupulous, that it yet
remains a dispute among their poets, whether the artificial day Chaucer. The Prologue, v. i. p. 20.
of twelve hours more or less, be not meant by Aristotle, rather
than the natural one of twenty-four.
Dryden's Essay on Dramatick Poesie.
But till some genius as universal as Aristotle, shall arise, who
them, I shall think it reasonable that the judgment of an artificet And as ye see a tling made by artifice perishe, and a naturall
in his own art, should be preferrable to the opinion of another man. thing lost : I am in great feare, that after my death, he will tourne
Dryden's Pref. 10 All for Lore, that way that his mother hath childed him, and not as I haue nourished him.
The Golden Booke.
Though an author's natural parts may make his book abound
with wit, vet without the help of art, he will scarce make it free So that the capitayn named Zaunqun was slayne with many from faults. other, to the nombre of xviiiM. & aboue, as wytnessyth yo
Boyle's Occasional Reflections. Frenshe boke, ouer many whiche were there taken prysoners of
For though he were too artful a writer to set down events in poore men and artyficers, for the multitude of ye gentylmen were vpon the erlys partie.
exact historical order, for which Lucan is justly blam'd; yet are
all the most considerable affairs and persons of Rome compriz'd The mindes of the faithful shal be more refreshed, & filled we
in this poem.
Dryden's Life of Virgil. this holsome foode, thus ministred by a simple person, then if yo stipersticiouse Pharisey, the arrogant philosophier, or eloquent his colours, as exactly to imitate or counterfeit the native ones of
The art of the most skilful painter cannot so mingle and temper rhetorician, would for the aduauncyng and setting forthe of the
the flowers of vegetables.
Ray on the Creation.
Job elegantly compares to the spider's web, finely and artificially a little coffer scarcely two foote long, merueylous artificially
wrought, but miserably thin and weak. wrought, which is yet (sayth he) to be seene there, wherein
T'illotson's Sermons. gyauntes seeme to fight, beastes do startle and stirre, and fowles If workmen become scarce, the manufacturer gives higher wages, fiyng in the ayre, and fishes swim in the water, without any but at first requires an encrease of labour; and this is willingly mannes mouyng or helpe.
Grafton, v. i.
submitted to by the artisan, who can now eat and drink better, I maruelle mutche, that M. Harding being so great an artificer to compensate his additional toil and fatigue. in so small cases, had no better eie to his owne entrie.
Hume's Essays. Of Money. Jewel's Defence of the Apologie. An artful pope would certainly be glad to furnish a young king Adrine, the emperor, mortally envied poets, and painters, and with artists who would encourage him in raising shrines and artificers in works, wherein he had a vein to excel.
Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting.
No: we are polish'd now! the rural lass,
Whom once her virgin modesty and grace,
Her artless manners, and her neat attire,
So dignified, that she was hardly less
Then the fair shepherdess of old romance,
Is seen no more.
alienated from it, is severity and censoriousness, that gives no
allowance to the failings of early life, that expects artfulness from Told of a many thousand warlike French,
childhood, and constancy from youth, that is peremptory in every That were embattiled, and rank'd in Kent.
command, and inexorable to every failure.
Who, satisfied with only pencil'd scenes,
Prefer to the performance of a God
Th' inferior wonders of an artist's hand ? ficers acknowledge and honour their patronesse, and not fortune.
They were plain artless men, without the least appearance of But amongst all other things, he most wondered at the infinite enthusiasm or credulity about them, and rather slow than forward number of lights and torches hanged on the top of the house, giy to believe any thing extraordinary and out of the common course ing light in every place, so artificially set and ordered by devices, of nature.
this genus :
The seducer flattered himself that our Saviour, indignant at the of Nero. Its ruins are shewn at a place called Ard- ARTE.
doubts which he artfully expressed of his being the son of God; achat. ARTAX- would be eager to give him, and all the multitude that beheld
ARTE, the adjective artus, says Vossius, denotes ATA. them, a most convincing proof that he was so.
Porteus's Lectures. the same as angustus, i. e. narrow. He who works from imagination—that is, he who culls from To narrow, to constrain, to force. nature the most beautiful parts of her productions--a distance
And ouer all this, full mokel more he thought
What for to speke, and what to holden inne
And what to arten, her to loue he sought
And on a song anone right to beginne.
Chaucer. Troilus, book i. fol. 154. c. 2.
When I was yong at XVIII year of age
Lusty and light desirous of pleaseaunce
Approaching on full sad and ripe courage
Loue arted mee to doe my obseruaunce
To his estate.
Id. The Court of Loue, fol. 348 c. 4.
ARTEDIA, in Botany, a genus of .umbelliferous
plants, consisting of a single species, a native of the
ARTEMISIA, in Botany, a genus of plants, class
Syngenesia, order Polygamia Superflua.
Generic character. Receptacle naked or subvillous;
pappus none; calyx imbricate, with rounded connivent
scales; florets of the ray wanting.
The following are the most important species of
A. Absinthium, Common Wormwood, leaves multiMost arts require long study and application; but the most useful art of all, that of pleasing, requires only the desire. partite, hoary; flowers hemispherical, pendulous; re
Chesterfield's Maxims. ceptacle hairy Art can never give the rules that make an art. This is, I be This well known plant has been employed in medilieve, the reason why artists in general, and poets principally, cine for its bitter qualities, which reside chiefly in its have been confined in so narrow a circle.
essential oil. The subcarbonate of potash was forBurke, on the Sublime and Beautiful.
merly obtained from its ashes, whence the old name If I was a philosopher, says Montaigne, I would naturalise art,
of salt of wormwood. instead of artilising nature. The expression is odd, but the sense is good.
A. Abrotanum, or Southernwood, is commonly cul
Bolingbroke's Works. tivated in gardens ; it is a native of the south of ARTA, or Larta, a town of European Turkey, in Wormwood,) were formerly used for the same pur
Europe. The A. Maritima, and A. Gallica, (Sea Albania; the see of a Greek archbishop, near a gulph to which it gives its name. The inhabitants, who are poses as the A. Absinthium. The seeds of the A. Sanmostly Christians, are supposed to be about 7000. N. tonica, or Wormseed, have long been a popular remedy Lat. 39° 28'. E. Long. 21° 20'. This town is remarkfor worms. able for its cathedral, built by Michael Ducas Com
This plant is a native of Tartary and Siberia, and neno, Emperor of Constantinople, which is said to the seeds are brought from the Levant. have as many windows as there are days in the year ;
ARTEMISIUM, in Ancient Geography, a promonit is supported by above 200 marble pillars.
tory of Eubea, on the northern side of the island,
A’RTERY,2 Aprnpia, spiritus semita ; ano 78 TOV
} estimated at 20,000 souls. It is placed near a river
depa inpel. of the same name, anciently Arachtus, in a fine and
-Vniuersall plodding, poysons Vp fertile country. Its trade consists principally in grain,
The nimble spirits in the arteries : wood, oil, tobacco, wool, and cotton. Vaudoncourt.
As motion and long during action tyres
The sinnowy vigour of the trauailer. Dr. Holland's Trav. in Albania.
Shakespeare's Love's Labour's Lost, fol. 135. ARTABA, an ancient measure of capacity, used by
As for the bone, or rather induration of the roots of the arterial the Egyptians and Persians. The Persian artaba, ac- vein, and great artery, which is thought to be found onely in the
cording to Herodotus, was bigger than the Athenian heart of an old deer, and therefore becomes more precious in its -medimnus, by three chenixes, from which it would rarity, it is often found in deer, much under thirty.
Brown's Vulgar Errors. - appear to have contained about 166lbs. of wine or water, and 126lbs. of wheat. The Egyptian artaba
He struggles, and he tears my aged trunk was less than the Attic medimnus, and held about
With holy fury, my old arteries burst.
Dryden's Edipus. 133 pounds of water, and about 100lbs. of wheat.
The purple mazes of the veins display'd, ARTAXATA, in Ancient Geography, the capital of
And all th' arterial pipes in order laid; Armenia, and the residence of the Armenian kings. What gave the bounding current to the blood, It was situated on an elbow of the river Araxes, and And to and fro convey the restless flood. was considered so strong, that Lucullus, after the de
Blackmore's Creation. feat of Tigranes, thought it useless to besiege it. At For further explanation of this word, see ANAa subsequent period it was called Neronia, in honour
AR ARTHINGWORTH, in the hundred of Rothwell, Lady Kent articled with Sir Edward Herbert, that he shonld
county of Northampton ; a Rectory valued in the come to her when she sent for him, and stay with her as long as WORTH.
she would have him, to which he set his hand; then he articled King's Books at £12. 2s. d.; Patron, T. Rokeby, with her, that he should go away when he pleased, and stay away ARTICLE. Esq. The resident population of this parish in 1801, as long as he pleased, to which she set her hand. was 207. The money raised by the parish rates in
Sclden's Table Talk.
Selden's Table Talk.
Of whom (excepting Antiochus himselfe, with whom Scipio had
therfore) they all were our enemies no doubt, who had born arms joints ; from apopov, a joint.
against us in the quarrell and behalfe of the said Antiochus. Tho' some want bones, and all extended articulations, yet have
Holland's Liry. they arthritical analogies; and by the motion of fibrous and mus The hint and ground of this opinion might be the gross and culous parts, are able to make progression.
somewhat cylindrical composure of the legs, the equality, and less
Brown's Vulgar Errors. perceptible disposure of the joints, especially in the former legs of Oh may I live exempted (while I live
this animal (the elephant) they apearing when he standeth, like Guiltless of pamper'd appetite obscene)
pillars of flesh, without any evidence of articulation.
Brown's Vulgar Errors.
The first at least of these I thought deni'd
To beasts, whom God on their creation-day
Created mute to all articulat sound.
Milton's Par. Lost, book is.
If a man only speak articulately words of voluntary formation
Johnson's Ode un Spring. and arbitary imposition ; yet even brutes have such natural lan-
Bp. Hall. St. Paul's Combat.
This (Sir George Villers) predecessor the Earl of Somerset hath
called so, for articling against the frigidity and impotence of hier ARTHRODYNIA, (from äpopov, a joint, and bôúvn, former lord.
Howell's Letters. pain,) in Medicine, chronic pains in the joints, without Since au echo will speak without any mouth at all articulately pyresia, chronic rheumatism, or chronic gout.
returning the voice of man, by only ordering the vocal spirit in ARTHROPODIUM, in Botany, a genus of lilia
concave and hollow places; whether the musculous and motire
parts about the hollow mouths of beasts, may not dispose the passceous plants, inhabiting New South Wales.
ing spirit into some articulale notes, seems a querie of no great
Brown's Vulgar Errurs.
If a good man be passing by an infirm building, just in the
Wollaston's Religion of Nature.
selves about religion.
Another indenture of 1338, for glazing some of the west win
dows, articles, that the workmen should have six-pence a foot for ARTICHOKE, JERUSALEM. See HELIANTHUS.
white glass, and twelve-pence for coloured.
Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting.
They must be put into his (the catechist's) hands the moment
Porteus on the Civilization of Negro Slares.
For the general history of the article, the reader
ARTICLE, (Lat. Articulus. Gr. úpopov, ' a joint.') A
sion, amongst those who have written on the construcSo that for these iniuryes and many moo, whiche at the tyme of tion of the Greek language, of which alone we shall his deposynge, were ariyculed agayne hymn in .xxxviii. sundry here treat. The Stoics defined the article to be “a artycles, with also the rumour that ranne vpon hym that he had part of speech, distinguishing the genders and numletten to ferme the reuenuse of ye crowne to Busshey, Bogot, &
bers of nouns,” the futility of which definition is Grene, whiche cawsyd as well ye noblemen of y® realme to grudge exposed by Apollonius Dyscolus, who has written the agayn hym as other of the comon people.
first of his four books qepi ouvtáčews on the nature and To make new articles of our faith contrary to God's worde (and
use of the ar
le. The definition which Aristotle has
The Exposycions of Daniel by Joye. and probable account is that, which has been so ably
illustrated by the learned Bishop Middleton ; viz. that
the Greek article is neither more nor less than the
demonstrative or relative pronoun (for both were origiHabington. Description of Castara. nally the same). The article, together with its