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APOSTLE. "You know, brother, [says Mr. Calvin,] that the fashion is who avoided the making use of the ministry of per- APOSTLE.

otherwise with us : I bear with it, because it is not profitable to sons endowed with the advantages of fortune and
contend :" a charitable rule, and worthy to be universal ; and in- birth, or enriched with the treasures of eloquence and
deed little other than apostolical.

Hall's Peace-Maker. learning, lest the fruits of this embassy, and the pro-
He that is rightly and apostolically sped with her [the churches] gress of the gospel, should be attributed to human
invisible arrow, if he can be at peace in his soul, and not smell and natural causes.
within him the brimstone of hell, may have fair leave to tell all The researches of the learned have been employed,
bis bags over undiminished of the least farthing.

to find out the reason of Christ's limiting the number
Milton's Ref. in England.

of the Apostles to twelve ; and various conjectures
Although deacons and priests have part of these offices, and

have been applied to the solution of this question.
therefore (though in a very limited sense) they may be called suc-
cessores Apostolorum, to wit, in the power of baptizing, conse The most probable is, that it was in allusion to the
crating the Eucharist, and preaching, yet the Apostolate and twelve Patriarchs, as the founders of their several
Episcopacy, which did communicate in all the power, and offices tribes, or to the twelve chief heads or rulers of those
which are ordinary and perpetual, are in Scripture clearly all one

tribes, of which the body of the Jewish nation con-
in ordinary ministration.

Taylor's Episcopacy Asserted. sisted. This opinion seems to be countenanced by 'Tis well worth remarking upon this place, that the promise, ye

the declaration of Christ to his Apostles, that " when
shall sit on twelve thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel, was the son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory,
made to the Apostles at that time when Judas was yet one of that they also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the
number; and consequently, the promise was as much made to him

twelve tribes of Israel.”. (Matt. xix. 28.) On the
as to any of the rest. From whence it follows undeniably, that
he was not predestinated necessarily to be a traitor, but fell from death of the traitor Judas, care was taken to choose
his Apostleship, and from his right to this promise, by his after- another Apostle, to make up the number. (Acts i.
voluntary transgression.

21, 22, 26.) This seems to have been a mark of
Clarke's Sermons.

respect to the Jews, previously to the offer of the
Thou shalt escape better than any party of men, by reason of gospel to them ; whereas, when they had generally
thy conspicuous innocency, sincerity, and exemplarity of life, and rejected it, two more (Paul and Barnabas) were
unexceptionable apostolicalness of doetrine.
More. Seven Churches, ch. 8.

added, without any regard to the number of twelve.
Haring no general apostolical mission, being a citizen of a par-

Two distinct commissions were given by Jesus
ticular state, and being bound up, in a considerable degree, by its Christ to his Apostles. The first was in the third
public will, I should think it, at least, improper and irregular, for year of his public ministry, about eight months after
me to open a formal public correspondence with the actual go- their solemn designation to their office; when he
vernment of a foreign nation.

sent them forth, two and two, to preach exclusively
Burke, on the French Revolution.
Last, in the rapal standard, they display

to the Jews. (Matt. x. 5, 6.) Concerning the par-
The triple crown, and apostolic key;

ticular circumstances of this their first preaching, the Ser’n thousand raliant Romans march behind,

evangelical history is silent; it simply states that And great Camillo had the charge assign'd.

they returned and told their master all that they had Brooke's, Jerusalem Delivered, book i. done. (Luke ix. 10.) Their second commission, APOSTLE, (amootólos, from åtoote Xw I send forth) just before Christ's ascension into heaven, was of a properly signifies a messenger or person sent by another more extensive and particular nature; they were no on some business ; and hence, by way of eminence, longer to confine their preaching to the Jews, but it denotes one of the disciples commissioned by Jesus were to “ go and teach all nations, baptizing them Christ to preach the Gospel.

in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Out of the number of his disciples, Jesus selected Holy Ghost.”-(Matt. xxviii. 19, 20.) Accordingly, twelve, whom he separated from the rest by the name after our Lord's ascension, and the miraculous effuof Apostles, to accompany him constantly through the sion of the Holy Spirit upon them, they began pubwhole course of his ministry; that they might be licly to exercise their Apostolic office, daily working faithful and respectable witnesses of the sanctity of miracles in proof of their divine mission, and conhis life, and the grandeur of his miracles, to the re verting great multitudes to the Christian faith. motest nations; and also that they might transmit to After the Apostles had exercised their ministry in the latest posterity a genuine account of his sublime Palestine, they resolved, (according to an ancient doctrines, and of the nature and design of the gospel ecclesiastical tradition), to disperse themselves into dispensation. Their names were, Simon - Peter; different parts of the world ; but what were the parAndrew his brother ; James, the greater, and John, ticular provinces assigned to each, does not appear his brother, who were sons of Zebedee' ; Philip, of from any authentic history. Eusebius (Hist. Ecc. Bethsaida ; Bartholomew; Thomas ; Matthew ; lib. i. c. 1.), and Socrates, (Hist. Eccl. lib. i. c. 19), James, the son of Alpheus, who was also called James on the authority of tradition, concur that Thomas the less ; Lebbeus his brother, who was surnamed took Parthia for his lot; the latter historian assigns Thaddeus, and was also called Judas or Jude; Simon Ethiopia to Matthew, and India to Bartholomew ; the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who subsequently and Eusebius says that Andrew bad Scythia ; John, betrayed his master, and afterwards committed Asia Minor ; Peter preached to the Jews who were suicide. Of these, Simon-Peter, Andrew, James the dispersed in Pontus, Galatia, Bithynia, Cappadocia, greater, and John were fishermen; and Matthew was and Asia Minor ; and Paul preached the gospel from a publican, or tax-gatherer ; of what profession the Jerusalem, (where we know from the Acts of the rest were, we are not informed,

though it is probable Apostles, that James the less continuerl, being Bishop that they also were fishermen. These men were poor, of that church) to Illyricum. Of the travels and il literate, and of mean extraction, and such alone labours of the Apostles, subsequently to the particuwere truly proper to answer the views of Jesus Christ; lars recorded in the New Testament, as well as of


APOSTLE. their deaths, we have very short and imperfect ac we have no evidence whatever), but because it con- APOSTLE

counts; but we know from the concurrent testimony tains a brief statement of the doctrines which they
of Christian and of Heathen writers, that Christianity taught. It is nearly the same with the creed of Jeru- AMS?0.
was very early planted in very many parts of the then salem, which appears to be the most ancient sum-
known world.

mary of faith that is extant. The true author of this The appellation of Apostle is, by the author of the formulary, it is at this distance of time impossible to epistle to the Hebrews (iii. 1.), applied pre-eminently determine ; though its great antiquity may be into Jesus Christ, who was sent by the Father into the ferred from the fact, that the whole form, as it now worli, not to condemn it, but to save it. Saint Paul stands in the English Liturgy, is to be found in the is also frequently called the Apostle, by way of dis- works of Ambrose and Ruffinus, who lived in the tinction, and the Apostle of the Gentiles, because his fourth century. Though this creed was always used ministry was chiefly directed to the conversion of the prior to the administration of baptisın, when the gentile world ; as St. Peter, who was employed in catechumen made an open profession of his faith, preaching to the Jews, is on that account termed the and sometimes in private devotion, yet in the earlier Apostle of the circumcision. The several apostles are ages it constituted no part of the public liturgy. The usually represented with their respective attributes ;

constant repetition.of it was first introduced into the as James the less with a piller's club; Paul, with a daily service of the Greek church, at Antioch, in the sword ; Peter, with the keys; Andrew, with a cross close of the fifth century; and from the eastern or saltier ; John, with a cup and a winged serpent churches this custom was brought into the west, flying froin it ; Bartholomew, with a knife ; Philip, though it was not introduced into the Romish Liturgy with a long staff

, the upper end of which is formed until the beginning of the eleventh century. into a cross ; Matthew, with a hatchet; Matthias, APOSTOLATE (Apostolatus), the office of an Apostle with a battle-axe ; Thomas, with a lance; James of Christ; by various ancient writers, of the fourth the greater, with a Pilgrim's staff, and a gourd-bottle; century, it is used for the office of a bishop ; and in Simon, with a saw; and Jude with a club.

the ninth and following centuries, it became approApostle is also an appellation given to the ordi- priated to the papal dignity. nary travelling ministers of the church (see Rom. APOSTOLIC, (From Apostle), relating to xvi. 7.), and likewise to those who were sent by the APOSTOL'ICAL, the Apostles, or delivered by churches to carry their alms to the poor

of other Apostol'ICALLY. them, or in the manner of the churches. This usage was borrowed from the Syna Apostles. gogues of the Jews, who called those sent on this This appellation was, in the primitive church, message by the same name. Thus St. Paul, writing given to all such churches as were founded by the to the Philippians, tells them that Epaphroditus, their Apostles, and even to the Bishops of those churches, Apostle, had ministered to his wants. In like manner, as being the reputed successors of the Apostles. this appellation is given to those persons who are These were, at first, confined to four,—viz., Rome, said to have first planted the Christian faith in any Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem ; but, in succeedplace. Thus, Dionysius, of Corinth, is called the ing ages, other churches assumed the same quality, Apostle of France; Boniface, (an Englishman), the principally on account of the conformity of their docApostle of Germany; Xavier, the Apostle of the Indies ; trine with that of the churches which were apostoCand in the East Indies the Jesuit Missionaries are lical by foundation, and because all bishops held styled Apostles. In some ages of the church, the themselves to be the successors of the Apostles, or Pope was peculiarly denominated the Apostle ; which acted in their respective dioceses with apostolical word Sir Henry Spelman informs us was anciently authority. In progress of time, however, the Bishop used for Admiral.

of Rome having acquired greater power than all ihe Apostle, among the Jews, denoted an officer, who rest, and the three Patriarchates of Alexandria, was anciently sent into the several parts and pro- Antioch, and Jerusalem, having fallen into the hands vinces in their jurisdiction, as visitors or commissa- of the Saracens, the title apostolical was restricted to ries, to see that the laws were duly observed, and to the Pope, and to his church alone. collect money for the reparation of the temple, as Apostolic Canons, or Constitutions, are certain well as the tribute payable to the Romans. These rules or laws for the government of the Christian Apostles were a degree below the Patriarchs, from church, and supposed by some writers to have been whom they received their commission.

drawn up by the Apostles themselves; but Bishop Apostle, (atootódos), in the Liturgy of the Greek Beveridge, to whom we are indebted for the besi church, is an appeliation given to lectionaries, con edition of them, is of opinion, that though they were taining lessons from the Epistles of St. Paul, in the not actually written by the Apostles, yet they are of order in which they are appointed to be read through- 'great antiquity, and are a collection of the canons of out the year, as well as the epistles themselves; several churches, enacted before those made by the where such book contains lessons from the gospels council of Nice. Though bearing the name of the and epistles, it is termed atoOTO Roevayyelov; and Apostles of Christ, they are destitute of the external when it comprises the Acts of the Aposties, together evidence necessary to support that claim, not being with the Epistles, it is called apačuroo70 os. (Du quoted by any of the Christian writers of the first Cange, Gloss. Græc. in voce. Bishop Marsh's three centuries. They are also destitute of interaal Michalis, vol. ii. pp. 111, 639.)

evidence, and contain many expressions and allusions Apostles' Creed, a formulary or summary of which are evidently later than the times of the Christian Faith, so called, not from the fact of its Apostles, as well as unworthy of them, and many iabeing composed by the Apostles themselves (of which consistencies and much false history. They are bow

APOS- generally admitted to have been compiled about the Notwithstanding which, each man had a spiritual ATOSTOLIC. middle of the fourth century.

sister with him, after the manner of the Apostles,

TOLIC. Arostolic CHAMBER, (Camera Apostolica), the trea with whom he lived in a domestic relation.

APOSsury of the Pope, as Bishop of Rome ; whence he The third sect of the Apostles arose in the thirteenth TROPHE, used to draw the necessary sums for his personal ex century, its members made little or no alteration in penses. It was also considered as a fund for the the doctrinal part of the public religion ; their efforts support of Christian hospitality, and for relieving the were chiefly directed to the introduction of the simdistresses of the poor.

plicity of the primitive times, and more especially the
APOSTOLICAL FATHERS, an appellation usually given manner of life observed by the Apostles. Gerhard
to the writers of the first century, who employed their Sagarelli, the founder of this sect, obliged his fol.
pens in the cause of Christianity, and who had con lowers to itinerate from place to place, clothed in
versed with the Apostles or their immediate dis- white, with long beards, dishevelled hair, and bare
ciples. They are five in number, viz., Clement, heads, accompanied by women, whom they termed
Ignatius, Polycarp, Barnabas, and Hermas. Mosheim spiritual sisters. They also renonnced all kinds of
observes, that these fathers were not remarkable, property and possessions, and inveighed against the
either for their learning or their eloquence; on the increasing corruptions of the church of Rome; the
contrary, they express the most pious and admirable overthrow of which they pretended to foretel, toge-
sentiments in the plainest and most illiterate style. ther with the establishment of a purer church on its
But this is rather a matter of honour than of re ruins. Sagarelli was burnt at Parma in the year
proach to the Christian cause ; since we see, from 1300, and was succeeded by a bold and enterprising
the conversion of a great part of mankind to the man named Dulcinus, a native of Navara, who pub-
gospel, by the ministry of weak and illiterate men, lished his predictions with more courage, and main-
that the progress of Christianity is not to be attri tained them with greater zeal than his predecessor.
buted to human means, but to a divine power. He appeared at the head of the Apostles ; and, act-
(Mosh. Ecc. Hist. vol. i. p. 114.) The writings of ing as a general as well as a prophet, assembled
the Apostolic fathers are valuable repositories of the an army to maintain his cause. He was opposed by
faith and practice of the Christian church during its Raynerius, Bishop of Vercelli, who defended the in-
first and purest age ; their testimony to the genuine- terest of the Roman Pontiff, and carried on a bloody
ness and authenticity of the books of the New Testa war against this chief of the Apostles. At length,
ment is peculiarly important; and, as the contempo- after fighting several battles with obstinate courage,
rary friends of any body of men must know the senti- Dulcinus was taken prisoner, and put to death in the
ments of such men, more accurately and perfectly most barbarous manner, in the year 1307. His sect
than the most sagacious inquirers who flourish many continued to subsist in France, Germany, and other
ages after them, the writings of the Apostolic fathers countries, until the beginning of the fifteenth cen-
are peculiarly valuable, as confirming those views of tury, when it was totally extirpated under the Ponti-
the doctrine and government of the church, which we ficate of Boniface IX. [Mosheim's Eccl. Hist. vol.
read in the New Testament.

iii. pp. 132, 133, 290, 292.]
The best collective edition of the works of these APOSTOLES, some islands in the strait of Magellan,
fathers, is that published by Le Clerc, after Cotelerius, which lie at its entrance into the Pacific Ocean, close
at Amsterdam, in 1724, in two folio volumes, accom to the Cape Deseado. They are twelve in number ;
panied both with their own annotations and with the from which circumstance their name is given them.
remarks of other learned men. The genuine epistles They are all small, barren, and desert; their shores,
of the Apostolic fathers were translated into English though they abound with good shell-fish, are very
by Archbishop Wake, and have often been reprinted. dangerous, from being rocky. Long. 75° 6' W. Lat.
Apostolics Apostolici), or Apostles,

52° 34' S.
sumed by three different sects, which professed to imi APOS'TROPHE, Αποστροφή, from αποστρεφων,
tate the manners and the practice of the Apostles.

to turn away ;

The first, who called themselves Apostles, flourished


otpeow, to turn.
in the close of the second century ; little is known of A turning away from ; in speech or writing a turn-
their peculiar tenets, except that they renounced every ing from the course pursued, and directing the dis-
kind of property, and had all things in common. course to some other person or thing.
(Du Cange, Gloss. Lat., voce Apostolici.)

How absurd would it appear, in our temperate and calm speak-
The second sect of the Apostolics lived in the

ers, to make use of an apostrophe, like that noble one of Demos-
twelfth century, and were men of the lowest birth, thenes, so much celebrated by Quintillian and Longinus, when
who gained their subsistence by bodily labour. As justifying the unsuccessful battle of Chæronea, he breaks out,
soon as they formed themselves into a sect, they the names of those heroes, who fought for the same cause in the

“ No, my fellow-citizens, no; you have not erred. I swear by drew after them a multitude of adherents, of all ranks

plains of Marathon and Platæa.”
and orders. Their religious doctrine, (as Bernard,

Hume's Essays.
who wrote against them, acknowledges), was free
from error ; and their lives and manners were irre-

Apostrophe is a sudden change in our discourse ; when, without

giving previous notice, we address ourselves to a person or thing proachable and exeinplary. Yet they were reprehen- different from that to which we were addressing ourselves before. sible, on account of the following peculiarities. They

Beattie's Elements of Moral Science.
held it to be unlawful to take an oath ; they per-

Alas ! Tom! thou smilest no more, cried the corporal, looking
mitted their hair and beards to grow to an enormous on one side of him upon the ground, as if he apostrophised him in
length; they preferred celibacy to wedlock, and his dungeon.
called themselves the chaste brethren and sisters.

Sterne's Tristram Shandy.
4 U

name as

ano, and






But to pare,

АГОТАС APOTACTITÆ, or Apotactici, from uroTATTW, I

Whan it is night myn heade appalleth; TITÆ.

And that is for I see hir nought, renounce; an ancient sect who renounced all property,

Whiche is the waker of my thought. APPAL. and professed poverty, in imitation of the apostles.

Gower. Con. A book iv. APOTHECARY, a person who sells drugs, em

And glader onght bis frend ben of his deth, ployed in medicine, conformable to the prescriptions

Whian with honour is yolden up his breth,
of physicians, from aronn, a repository.

Than whan his name appalled is for age.
The Apothecary's Company in London, obtained a

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. i. p. 120. charter of incorporation in the 15th of James I. For

The answere that ye made to me, my dere, a full account of the history of this branch of the me

When I did sue for my poore hartes redresse,

Hath so appalde my countnance, and my chere,
dical profession, see Beckmann. Hist. Inv. ii. 121.

That in this case, I am all comfortlesse,
APOTHEOSIS, from ano and Deos, a god ; a cere-

Sins I of blame no cause can well expresse.
mony by which the ancients used to enrol their heroes

Wyatt. and great men among the gods. For an account of & amonge other of his famous dedis, le (Ereobertus) reuvoed the manner in which it was performed, see Herodian, and quickened agayn the fayth of Crist, ye in some placis of his lib. iv. cap. ii.

kyngedome was sore appallyd.


It was rather an execution, then a fight vpon them; insormuch APOTOME, in Music, is a small interval remaining after a limma is taken from a major tone, expressed by appalement to the rest.

as the furious slaughter of them was a great discouragement and . The ancients thought that the greater tone

Bacon's King Henry VII. could not be divided into two equal parts, for which A grieuous disease came upon Sercerus, being sore appalled reason they called the first apotome, and the second with age, so that he was constrained to keepe his chamber, and limma, (eruua,) the remainder.

send Antonius unto the warres.

Stow's Chronicles. APPAIR. The common word now is impair, from

The storms of sad confusion, that may grow
empirer, which Menage derives from the barbarous

Up in the present for the coming times,
Latin, impejorare, to make worse.

Appal not lim; that hath no side at all,
to cut, to reduce or diminish by paring or cut-

But of himself, and knows the worst can fall


Daniel's Poems ting sufficiently, accounts for all the usages of appaire ; to reduce the size or value of, to diminish it.

-The dreadfull sagittary

Appauls our numbers, haste we Diomed
Paire. If I speak ought to paire her loos, i. e. to impair their

To re-enforcement. or we perish all.
credit or reputation.


Shakespeare's Troylus and Cressida.
As a nywe Herodes in such poer he com,

DOLP, Bastard of Orleans, thrice welcome to us.
And vp ys poer destrude and apeyrede Cristendom. Bast. Me thinks your looks are sad, your cheere appal’d.
R. Gloucester, p. 279.

Hath the late overthrow wrought this offence ?
For our state it apeires, without any reson,

Be not dismay'd, for succour is at hand.
& tille alle our heires grete disheriteson.

Shakespeare, Henry VI. part i. fol. 98. R. Brunne, p. 290.

“ But why all this of avarice? I have none."

I wish you joy, sir, of a tyrant gone!
Per markettis & per faires & fer castels reft,

But does no other lord it at this hour,
Now alle þe cuntre peites, vnne pis oulit þei left.

As wild and mad? the ararice of power?
Id. p. 296.

Does neither rage inflame, nor fear appall ?
He had a sonne Harald, heyre of his tenement,

Not the black fear of death that saddens all ?
Engle his wise he drofe away, & held in peyrment.

Id. p. 58.

-If wearied nature sinks,
It is a sinne, and eke a gret folie,

His sleep is troubled; visions of the night
To apeiron any man, or bim defame,

Appal liis spirit; starting, he forsakes
And eke to bringen wives to swiche a name.

A thorny pillow; rushes on the deck
Chaucer. The Miller's Prologue, v. i. p. 124.

With lamentations to the midnight moon.
Lord, of thee I have great doubt ;

Glover's Anthenaid, book i.
And I you warne, withouten fail,

She came with speed in her steps, and eagerness in her eye, and Mickle apaired is your batail.

said, “Give me here Jolin the Baptist's head in a charger." This Richard Cæur De Lion, in Ellis, Romances, v. ii.

savage request appalled even the unfeeling heart of Herod himself. But whiche thingis weren to me wynnnyngis, I haue demed

Porteus's Lectures. these apeyryngis for crist. nethelesse I gesse alle thingis to be The appalled traveller arriving at the spot, surveys it with dis, peyrement for the cleer science of iesus crist my lord, for whom I

may.-Return, he dare not--for he knows what a variety of made alle thingis peyrement, and I deme as dryt, that I wynne terrors he has already passed. crist. Wiclif. Filipensis, c. 3.

Gilpin's Tour to the Lakes of Cumberland, &c. For what profitith it to a man, if he wynne al the world, and

And arm'd completely, as enormous Mars
do peyrynge to his soule ?

Moves forth, when jarring mations, fir'd by Jove
Id. Mark, c. 8.

With fellest hatred, meet, so mov'd the huge
Witen ghe not that a litil sourdow apeyreth al the gobet.

Terrific Ajax, bulwark of the Greeks;
Id. I Corynth, c. 5.

Smiling ferocious, with impatient haste

Striding, and brandishing his massy spear.
Sith that, their hope gan fail, their hope to fall

Him view'd the Greeks exulting ; with appal
Their powr appeir, their goddesse grace withdraw.

The Trojans; and with palpitating heart
Surrey. Aenæis, book ii.

Ev'n Hector.
APPAL', 2 To pale or make pale, by decay ;
APPAL’MENT. ) with fear; with dismay, therefore to

decay, to droop, to wither. And

To terrify, to dismay,

APPARATUS, from apparo, I prepare ; signifies
See Amaze for an example from Shakespeare. properly any formal prep:ration, but is cominonly
For ofte sytb I fele this

appropriated to the utensils and appendages of Of thought, whiche in mine herte falleth,


Pope's Horace.

Cow per's Iliad, book ri.



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APPARATUS CHEMICAL. See Treatise Chemistry, IS. Division i.

APPAR'EL, v. Fr. Appareiller, from the Latin ; PA


apparare, to prepare. Junius. APPARAYL'MENT. To prepare, to provide, to furnish, to dress, to array.

be erle was fulle quaynte, did mak a rich galeie,
With fourscore armed knyghtes, in suilk apparaille dight,
þat sı) riche armes was neuer sene wiht sight.

R. Brunne, p. 54.
He said to his country mote him saile,
And there he would her wedding apparaile.

Chaucer. Legend of Good Women. fol. 209.
In vengeaunce taking, in werre, in bataille, and in warnestor-
ing, er thou beginne, I rede that thou appareile thee therto, and
do it with gret deliberation. For Tullius sayth, that longe appa-
Teilling tofore the bataille, maketh short victorie.

Chaucer. Tale of Melibæus, v. ii. p. 101. And whanne sum men seiden of the temple that it was aparelid with goode stoones, and giftis he seide, &c.

Wiclif. Luk. c. xxi.


52. In þe parail of a pilgrim, and in a poure licknesse Holy seyntes hým sein, ac nevere in sette of riche.

The Vision of Peirs Plouhman, p. 208.
The maiden is ready for to ride,

In a full rich aparaylment,
Of samyte green, with mickle pride
That wrought was in the orient.

Morte Arthur. Ellis Romances, v. i.
York. Tut, tut, here is a mangerly forbearance.

The truth appeares so naked on my side,

That any purblind eye may find it out.
Som. And on my side it is so well apparrellod,

So cleare, so shining, and so euident,
That it will glimmer through a blind-man's eye.

Shakespeare's K. Henry VI. part i.
Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy ;
But not exprest in fancie ; rich, not gawdie :
For the apparell oft proclaimes the man.

Shakespeare's Hamlet.
Before the gate in gilded armour shone
Yonng Plıyrrus, like a snake, his skin new grown,
Who fed on poisonous herbs, all winter lay
Under the ground, and now reviews the day
Fresh in his new apparel, proud and young,
Rolls up his back, and brandishes his tongue,
And lifts bis scaley breast against the sun.

Denham's Essay on Virgil. Scarce vere they gone out of the inne, when the curate begann to dread a little that he had done ill, in apparelling himself in that wise, accounting it a very indecent thing, that a priest should dight himself so.

Shelton's Trans. Don Quir. ed. 1652. APPA'RENCE, Appareo, apparens; from ad, APPA'BENCY, and pareo; from the Gr. map-EW, APPARENT, adesse ; to be present. See ApAPPA'RENTLY, PEAR.

APPARITION. Any thing seen, perceived, ob. served; seeming to be.

Another rowned to his felaw low,
And sayd, he lieth, for it is rather like
An apparence ymade by som magike,
As jogelours plaien at thise festes grete.

Chaucer. The Syuiere's Tale, y. i. p. 427. But we preache of a beauenly wisedom, which bath not an outeward apparance of that, which is not within it: but is inrardlye mighty and effectuall.

Udall. 1 Corin. c. 2.
So that feignyng of light thei werke
The dedes, whiche are inwarde derhe.
And thus this double hypocrisie,
With his deuoute apparancic
A vyser set vpon his face.

Gower. Con, A. book i.

He made Edwyn his leutenant,
Whiche heire was apparant,
That he the londe in his absence
Shall rewle.

Id. ib. book ii. And yet yf the thyng ye thei require would content them : it hath not lacked. For there hath in euery country and in enery age apparisions bene had, & well knowen and testifycd, by whiche men haue had sufficient reuelacion and proofe of purgatorige.

Sir Thos. More's Workes, fol. 325.
Gold. Heere is thy fee; arrest him, officer ;-

I wold not spare my brother in this case,
If he should scorne me so apparantly.

Comedy of Errors, act iv. sc. I.
Again is lost this outside of a king,
Ordain'd for others' uses, not his own;
Who to the part that had him could but bring
A feeble body only, and a crown;
But yet was held to be the dearest thing
Both sides did labour for so much, tu crown
Their cause with the apparency of might;
From whom, and by whom they must make their right.

Daniel's Civil War, book vii.
King. Edward Plantagenet, arise a knight,

And learn this lesson ;-Draw thy sword in right.
Prin. My gracious father, by your kingly leaue,

Ile draw it as apparant to the crowne;
And in that quarrell, vse it to the death.

Shakespeare's K. Henry VI. part iii.
Yea, and what sonne ? the sonne whose swelling pride
Woulde never yelde one pointe of reverence,
When I the elder and apparaunt heire
Stoode in the likelihode to possesse the whole.

Sackville's Ferrer and Porrer, act ii. sc. I. That blessed word hath wrought in me a sensible abatement of my corrupt affections; and bath produced an apparent renovation of my mind.

Bp. Hall's Temptations Repelled.

Hesperus, that led
The starry liost, rode brightest, till the moon,
Rising in clouded majesty; at length
Apparent queen unveil'd her peerless light,
And o'er the dark her silver mantle threw.

Milton's Pur. Lost, book iv. When the minds of men strongly possess'd with fear, especially in the dark, raise up the plantasms of spectres, bug-bears, or affriglitful apparitions to them, they think them lo be objects really existing without them, and call them ghosts and spirits, whilst they are indeed nothing but their own phancies.

Cudworth's Intellectual System.

-The heavenly bands
Down from a sky of jasper lighted now
In Paradise, and on a hill made balt;
A glorious apparition, had not doubt
And carnal fear that day dimm'd Adam's eye.

Milton's Par. Lost, book xi. In the room of the frightful spectres, there now entered a second dance of apparitions very agreeably matched together, and made up of very amiable phantoms.

Spectator, No. 3. When there is no apparent cause in the sky, the water will sometimes appear dappled with large spots of shade.

Gilpin's Tour to the Lakes of Cumberland, &c. There is something captivating in spirit and intrepidity, to which we often yield, as to a resistless power; nor can be reasonably expect the confidence of others, who too apparently distrusts biniself.

Johnson's Rambler, No. l. In common language the word apparent, as applied to the heir of any estate or property, signifies the eldest son, in contradistinction from presumptive, or collateral heir. In Astronomy, it is an epithet applied to things, as they appear to the eye in distinction, from what they really are. Thus we say apparent conjunction, distance, time, &c.

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