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APOCRY

PHA.

or

'The bishops of this synod, destitute of scripture proof and au council of Trent, at its fourth session, admitted the APO thentic tradition for their image-worship, betook themselves to

whole of them into the Canon, with the exception of PI certain apocryphical and ridiculous stories, as Charles the Great observed.

the prayer of Manasseh, and the third and fourth Bp. Bull Corrupt. of the Ch. of Rome. books of Esdras. No reason, therefore, exists for apA just interpretation of nature is the only sound and orthodox plying the books of the Apocrypha to “establish any philosophy; whatever we add of our own, is apocryphal, and of point of doctrine." They are highly valuable as no authority.

ancient writings, which throw considerable light on

Reid's Inquiry. the phraseology of Scripture, and on the history and I do not determine whether this book (Ecclesiasticus] be cano manners of the east; and as they contain many noble nical, as the Gallican church, till lately, has considered it, or apo sentiments and useful precepts, the United church of cryphal, as here it is taken. I am sure it contains a great deal of Great Britain and Ireland, in imitation of the primisense and truth. Burke on the French Revolution.

tive church of Christ, “ doth read them for example

of life and instruction of manners.” (Art. vi.) All The epithet “Apocrypha," or Apocryphal," is the books of the Apocrypha, however, are not thus given to those books which are not admitted into the read. The Anglican church reads no part of either sacred canon of the Old Testament, being either book of Esdras, or of the Maccabees, or of the addispurious, or at least not acknowledged as divine. tions to the book of Esther; nor does it read the According to some writers, these books are thus de- song of the Three Children, or the prayer of nominated, because they were not deposited in, but Manasseh. removed årò tíls kpúrins from the crypt, ark, chest, or Besides the preceding writings, which are comother receptacle in which the sacred books were kept; monly termed the Apocryphal books of the Old Tesor more probably from the Greek verb above given, tament, there are numerous spurious and Apocryphal because they were concealed from the generality of books, composed in the early days of Christianity, readers, their authority not being recognised by the which were published under the names of Jesus Christian Church ; and also because they are books Christ and his Apostles, their companions, &c.; and destitute of proper testimonials, their original being which are mentioned under the names of Gospels, obscure, their origin unknown, and their character Acts, Epistles, Revelations, &c. The very great either heretical suspected. The Protestant number of heresies and schisms, that arose among Churches not only account those books to be apocry- Christians, soon after the publishing of the Gospel, phal, and merely human compositions, which are may be assigned as the principal cause of this multiesteemed such by the church of Rome, as the prayer tude of books, of which a sinall number only has of Manasseh, the third and fourth books of Esdras, come down to the present day. Like the Apocryphal the addition at the end of the book of Job, and the books of the Old Testament, these writings are utterly hundred and fifty first Psalm ; but also the books of destitute of evidence, to procure their reception into Tobit, Judith, the additions to the book of Esther, the Sacred Canon. They were not acknowledged as Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch the prophet, with the authentic ; nor were they much used by the primiEpistle of Jeremiah, the song of the three children, tive Christians, except in refuting the errors of some the stories of Susanna, and of Bel and the Dragon, heretics, who professed to receive them as genuine and the first and second books of Maccabees. These and inspired productions, and with whom they were books are rejected, because they possess no authority, willing to dispute upon principles out of their own either internal or external, to procure their admission books. Few, if any, of these pieces, (which, it is into the sacred canon. For not only do they contain pretended, were written in the Apostolic age,) were many things which are fabulous, contradictory, and composed before the second century of the Christian directly at variance with the canonical scriptures, but era, several of them were forged so late as the third are also totally destitute of prophecy or other authen- century, and were rejected as spurious at the time tic mark of inspiration. None of them are extant in He- when they were attempted to be imposed upon the brew; all of them are in the Greek language, except the Christian world. Further, these pretended apostolical fourth book of Esdras, which is extant only in Latin. books either propose or support some doctrine or They were written, for the most part, by Alexandrian practice, contrary to those which are certainly known Jews, and subsequently to the cessation of the pro- to be true, and appear designed to obviate some phetic spirit, though before the promulgation of the heresy, which had its origin subsequent to the AposGospel. They were not received into the Sacred tolic age; they are filled with absurd, unimportant, Canon by the Jewish Church, and therefore received or frivolous details ; they ascribe to the Virgin Mary no sanction from Jesus Christ. No part of the apo- or to Jesus Christ himself, miracles which are both crypha is quoted, or even alluded to by him, or by useless and improbable ; they mention things which any of his apostles ; and both Philo and Josephus, are later than the time when the author lived, whose two eminent Jewish writers who flourished in the name the book bears ; their style is totally different first century of the Christian era, are totally silent from that of the genuine books of the New Testaconcerning them. The apocryphal books are not ment ; they contain direct contradictions to authentic mentioned as inspired productions, by any ecclesiasti- history, both sacred and profane ; they are studied cal writer of the first three centuries ; and they are imitations of various passages in the genuine scripexpressly rejected by Athanasius and Jerome in the tures, both to conceal the fraud and to allure readers; fourth century. Though these two fathers, and several and they contain gross falsehoods, utterly repegnant subsequent authors speak of these books with respect, to the character, principles, and conduct of the in. yet the same authority was never ascribed to them as spired writers. On all these accounts the aperyphal to the Old and New Testament, until the Popish books of the New Testament have deserveilly bee i

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RY- rejected from the canon of Scripture, as spurious pro- are consequently very rugged, and interrupted by diffi- APOLA

BAMBA. A. ductions. Some modern opposers of Divine Revela- cult and deep descents. The fruits cultivated through(An

tion; indeed, have attempted to invalidate it, by repre- out the province are, rice, maize, plantains, &c. APOLLO. BA. senting them as of equal authority with the genuine which are the common aliment of the inhabitants.

books of Scripture; but so far are these productions Cotton is also raised, and in the plains cacao, which is
from affecting the genuineness, credibility, and inspi- produced spontaneously.
ration of the several books of the New Testament, APOLDA, a town and bailiwic of Saxony, in Thu-
which were generally received by the Christian church ringia, four miles from Jena. It belonged in former
as written by the Apostles and Evangelists; that, on times to the family of Vitzthum, but came in 1631 to
the contrary, they confirm the general accounts given the duke of Saxe-Weimar. The latter made it over in
in the canonical Scriptures, and thus indirectly 1633 to the university of Jena, which now exercises
establish the truth and divine authority of the gospel. the sole jurisdiction and patronage over it. The ec-

On the subject of Apocryphal books, see further clesiastical establishment consists of a superintendant, Horne's Introduction to the Critical Study and Know a dean, and eleven preachers. Justice is administered ledge of the Holy Scriptures, vol. i., Appendix; No. V., by a director and actuary, both appointed by the uni(second edition). Fabricii Coder, Pseudepigraphus versity. The town, however, preserves its magistrates Veteris Testamenti, (Hamburgi, 1722-41, 2 vols. and council, who have a seat and vote at the diet of 8vo.) ; Fabricii Codex Apocryphus Novi Testamenti, the province. Besides brandy distilleries, there are (Hamburgi, 1719-43, 3 parts in 2 vols. 8vo.); and here extensive stocking-works, which occupy 660 Jones's New and Full Method of settling the Canonical looms, and give employment to above 2500 persons, Authority of the New Testament, Oxford, at the who manufacture yearly about 40,000 dozen pairs. Clarendon Press), in 3. vols. 8vo.

The town was long in: recovering from the damage APOCYNUM, in Botany. A genus of plants, class done by a fire in 1780. Population 4000. 40 miles Pentandria, order Digynia. Generic character. Co- S. W. of Leipsic. Long. 11° 30' E. lat. 50° 56' N. rolla campanulate. Five filaments, alternating with APOLEPSIS, an action of divorce in the Athenian the stamina,

law. In Medicine, it is used to denote a retention or This genus contains several species, natives of dif- suppression of urine, or of any other natural evacuaferent regions of the globe.

tion; also an extinction of the native heat of the APODES, is one of the four orders of fishes in the veins; and sometimes it expresses the same thing as Linnæan distribution of animals,

catalepsy. APODIX'IS, Αποδεικνυμι, from. απο, and δεικ APOLIDES, from aro and polis, a city. This word APODIC'TICAL, vui, defu, to shew, to .clear, to was used in Roman law, to denote those who were

Apodic'TICK. make clear, to make plain, to de- exiled to some remote part, or condemned to labour in monstrate.

the public works. Marcian de pæn. 1. 17. Holding an apodictical knowledge, and assured science of its APOLLINARES were games instituted at Rome verity, to perswade their apprehensions unto a plurality of gods A. U. c. 541, in honour of Apollo, upon occasion of an in the world, were to make Euclide believe there were more than oracle delivered after the fatal battle of Cannæ. Livy, one center in a circle, or one right angle in a triangle.

Brown's Vulgar Errours.

xxvii. c. 23. These games were only scenical, and in There is no apodictical-argument to prove, that any particular time, the name of Apollinares ludi was given to all man will die : but yet he must be more than mad, who can presume upon immortality here, when he finds so many generations

APOLLINARIANS, were ancient Heretics, who de? all gone to a man.

nied the proper humanity of Christ, and maintained Wollaston's Religion of Nature.

that the body which he assumed was endowed with a APOGÆ'ON, Iñ Astronomy, from aro and yaia, sensitive and not a natural soul ; but that the place of Ap'ogee, the earth, is that point in the orbit this last in man was supplied by the divine nature. Apoge'UM. of the sun or any planet which is This sect derived its name from Apollinaris, bishop of farthest distant from the earth. The opposite point tor, Laodicea, and the doctrine was condemned in several this is called the perigee. The ancients, who regarded'i councils, at Alexandria, in 362, at Rome, in 375, and the earth as being the centre of our system, naturally again in 378, when Apollinaris was deposed from his paid most attention to these points ; but the moderns bishopric. have exchanged them for aphelion and perihelion ;

APOLLONIPOLIS:

See APOLLONIA. so that the apogee of the sun, is now the aphelion of - APOLLO, in Mythology, a celebrated deity of the earth ; and the perihelion of the sun, the same : Greece and Rome, who was supposed to be the invenwith the perigee of the earth.

tor and patron of all the fine arts. Cicero (De Nat. APOGRAPH, a copy or transcript; it stands opDiv. 1. iii. c. 23) distinguishes four deities of this name; posed to autograph.

but the one who is celebrated in poetry was the son of APOGRAPHE, an Athenian term of law, which de- Jupiter and Latona, and born in the island of Delos, at noted the rendering up an account of property, with a the same time with his sister Diana.

He represents view. to repel a charge of owing money to the state. the sun, in Grecian Mythology, as Osiris did in the Suidas. Potter lib. i. 23; in Roman law, the term is. Egyptian ; and the name has fancifully been supposed ised to signify a catalogue or inventory of goods. to come from a privitiva and mollos, many; because

APOLABAMBA, a province of Peru, bounded on the he alone appears, in the heavens, during the day; Sol, ast by the province of Moxos, and on the west by that in Latin, is in like manner supposed to be derived from of Carabaya. It extends about 80 leagues from south- solus, alone. Apollo is represented as a beautiful vest to north-east. The country is mountainous, in-. beardless youth, with long hair (hence called “ intonersected with hills, rocks, and precipices; the roads sus" and "" crinitus"), holding a bow and arrow in

such games.

APOLLO. his right hand, and in his left a lyre. The animals which is praised by Strabo (I. c.), and the town APOL

consecrated to him were the wolf and hawk, from their possessed a considerable trade, as well as a respect- LONIA. APOL LONIA. piercing eyes ; the crow and raven, from their power able school of Greek learning, frequented by young APOLO of predicting futurity; the cock, from his announcing Romans of the higher classes. It was fortified, and

GISL the dawn of day; the grasshopper, on account of his had a strong citadel ; but was ruined in the civil war. tuneful powers; and the swan, from its fabulous vocal Its earlier coins are common. Suet. Aug. 8. Rasche powers in death,

Lex. Numm. Vol. I. p. 955. Apollo Belvidere, in Sculpture, is esteemed by 3. In the Thebaic Nome in Egypt, on the east most artists as the most sublime specimen of ancient side of the Nile, not far from Coptus. It was the art, which has survived to modern times. It was emporium to which the Indian goods were brought found in the fifteenth century at Capo d'Anzo, upon from Myos Hormos, six or seven days journey disthe sea coast, about 12 leagues from Rome, in the tant. It was called Apollinopolis Parva, and was 29 ruins of ancient Antium. It was purchased by Pope miles from Thebes. It is now called Kas, and is Julius II., when only a cardinal, who when he came to mentioned by Abu'lfeda as the entrepôt for the the papal throne, placed it in the Belvidere of the Indian trade through Aden in Arabia, and Kos'air on Vatican, from whence it takes its name, and where the Red Sea. Bruce and Sonnini also speak of it as it has now been replaced. The marble from which the place where the caravans for Kos'air assemble. this statue is taken, is of so peculiar a kind, as to 4. Apollinopolis or Apollonias Magna or Superior, have occasioned much controversy among sculptors, in the Apollinopolitic Nome, lay on the western side nor is it yet decided from what country or quarry it of the Nile, 32 miles from Latopolis. Its inhabitants has been taken; neither are opinions less divided as were enemies to the crocodile. Very considerable to the name of its author. This statue is a standing remains of it are yet to be seen at the town or village figure, almost naked, and more than seven feet in of Edfu ; and some of the ruins there surpass in height. He is represented with his quiver hanging beauty almost every thing else in Egypt according to behind his right shoulder, and the pallium over his Denon (II. 107, 277.) left arm which is extended ; in his hand he has the APOL'OGISE, remains of a bow, out of which he is supposed to have APOL'OGISER, Απολογιζομαι, from απο, and just discharged an arrow at the serpent Python. The Apol'OGIST, deyw, I say. To speak in answer, right fore arm and the left hand which were wanting, Apol'OGY, to defend, to vindicate, to justify; have been restored by Giovanni Angelo da Montorsoli,

Apologet'ICAL now more commonly to excuse. pupil of Michael Angelo.

APOLOGE'TICK. Besides the above statue there are several other very For in ye booke that is called mine apology, it is not required fine ones of Apollo ; particularly one in the Justinia- by the nature of that name, that it be any auns were or defence for ni palace, where he is represented as holding the skin

inine own selfe at all : but it sufficeth that it be of mine owne of Marsyas ; also a group of Apollo and Marsyas in making an auns were or defence for some other.

Sir Thos. More's Workes, fol. 932.c. 1.
the Chigi palace; this last is particularly fine.

Buck. Famous Plantagenet, most gracious prince,
APOLLONIA, APOLLONIAS, APOLLINOpolis, Arol-

Lend favourable ear to our requests ;
LONIS FANUM, &c., names of towns and places conse-

And pardon vs the interruption
crated to Apollo, of which Geographers have enume-

Of thy devotion, and right Christian zeale. rated no less than 33. The most remarkable were,

Glo. My lord, their needes no such apologie.

Richard III, act ii, sc. 7.
1. A colony of the Milesians in Thrace, on the
south side of the Bay, which is now called the Bay

For now thou art enforc'd t' apologize

With foreign states, for two enormous things, of Burghaz. It was established 50 years before Cyrus,

Wherein thou dost appear to scandalize and was according to Ptolemy (III. 11.), the most

The public right, and common cause of kings. important settlement of the Greeks on the western

Daniel's Cwil War, book ir. coast of the Euxine Sea. The town was built upon a

I have scarce leisure to cunsider those swarms of reproaches, sımall island united to the continent, and provided which issue out of some men's mouths and hearts, as easily as with two spacious harbours, (Strabo VII. 6, 1.). It prolix apologies, as might give thuse men satisfaction.

smoak or sparks doe out of a furnace ; much lessz to make such was celebrated for a colossal statue of Apollo, which

Eikon Basilike. was carried to Rome by Lucullus, when he plundered Epictetus's advice is, when you are told that any man speaks ill this place in his expedition against the Bessi. of you, that you should not apologize, but answer only, that he (Eutrop. VI. 10.) It afterwards fell into decay, and was ignorant of many other faults of yours, or he would not only was latterly called Sozopolis. (Penpl. An. p. 14).

have mentioned those.

Barroro's Sermons. 2. A Greek city in Illyria, 50 or 60 stadia from the coast, and 10 stadia from Aous, (Scylax, p. 10. Supreme Deity, as is erident from his apologetick oration in. Plui

Apollonius himself was a clear and undoubted assertor of one Strabo VII. 5, 9. Ptol. III. 13.) It was founded by lostratus, prepared for Domitian, in which he calls him, that God a colony of Corinthians from Corcyra, and afterwards who is the maker of the whole universe, and of all things. restored by the Corinthians, when assistance had

Cudworth's Intellectual Systen. been in vain asked from Corcyra; which proceeding his last letters, he ends, subscribing himself your friend, as you

Having thought they would have vouchsafed him an answer to on the part of Corinth, was the first cause of the

shall give cause. This roused them to some consideration, and Peloponnesian war. It was continually depressed by soon after, a handsome apologetical letter was sent from the riceits Illyrian neighbours, frequently recruited by new chancellor to Sir W. Ralegli, setting forth, that the hard opinion settlers from Greece, and willingly received the aid

he had conceired of them for this inatter, made them doubt what of the Romans, when the Illyrian Princes had nearly and that their silence was so ill taken, they knew not low thei.

manner of answer they might address to him without offence; subdued it. The Romans allowed its inhabitants the

endeavonrs to excuse it miglit give him satisfaction. uninterrupted enjoyment of their civil constitution,

Oldys's Life of Sir W. Raleigh.

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APO. His apologisers labour to free him; laying the fault of the Any thing spoken out: shortly, clearly; a short APOPHLOGISE. errors fathered upon him unto the charge of others.

and sententious speech or saying.

THEGM.
Hanmer. View of Antiquity.
APOPH-

Julius Cæsar did write a collection of apophthegms, as appears in
My Lord Bacon, a much better apologist than I am, had ob-

APOTHEGM. viated the objection made to Descartes long before this philosopher say no more for the worth of a writing of that nature.-Certainly an epistle of Cicero; so did Macrobius, a consular man.- I need

PLEXY. had writ, in the third book of the augmentation of science.

they are of excellent use. Cicero prettily calleth them salinas, Bolingbroke's Essay on Human knowledge.

salt-pits, that you may extract salt out of, and sprinkle it where
Apology, in Classical Authors, signifies, not an you will. They serve to be interlaced in continued speech. They
ercuse but a vindication. There are several works un serve to be recited upon occasion of themselves. They serve; if
der this name, by ancient writers, and some celebrated you take out the kernel of them, and make them your own.

Lord Bacon's Works, vol. i. p. 529.
defences of Christianity ; of Quadratus, written about
the year 126 ; of Aristides written at the same time i

It is in the general behalf of this fair society here that I am to
of Justin Martyr; and of Tertullian ; besides some

speak, at least the more judicious part of it, which seems much

distasted with the immodest and obscene writing of many in their others. It was in allusion to these works, that Dr. plays. Besides, they could wish your poets would leave to be Watson, the bishop of Landaff, entitled his letters to promoters of other men's jests, and to way-lay all the stale apo-. Gibbon, an “ Apology for Christianity,” and those thegms, or old books, they can hear of, in print, or otherwise, to

farce their scenes withal. which he wrote to Thomas Paine, an Apology for

Ben Jonson's Cynthia's Revels. Ind. the Bible ;" that is to say, a vindication of these from

The Laconians' speech hath no outward barke (as a man would the misrepresentations of the respective writers to

say) or crust upon it, but when all the superfluity thereof is taken whom his « Apologies" were addressed.

away, it is steeled (as it were) and tempered, yea, and hath an AP'OLOGUE, Of the same origin with Apolo- edge upon it fit for to worke withall and to pierce: and verily

Ar'OLOGUER, gy; though differently applied. that apophthegmatical and powerfull speech of theirs, that grace Apology being generally applied to that which is said which they had to answer sententiously and with such gravity, toin defence, and Apologue to that which is said, told, objections, they attained unto by nothing else but by their much

gether with a quick and ready gift to meet at every turne with all narrated to explain or enforce moral principles.

silence.

Holland's Plutarch's Morals. They that intend charitably and conduct wisely, take occasions A poet or orator would have no more to do but to send to the and proper seasons of reproof, they do it by way of question and particular traders in each kind, to the ironist for his sarcasms, similitude, by narrative and apologues, by commending something and to the apothegmatist for his sentences, &c. in him that is good, and discommending the same fault in other

Pope's Art of Sinking in Poetry.
persons by way that may disgrace that vice, and preserve the re-
putation of the man.

In a numerous collection of our Saviour's apophthegms, many
Taylor's Sermons. of them referring to sundry precepts of the Jewish law, there is

not to be found one example of sopbistry, or of false subtilty, or of
A mouse (saith an apologer) was brought up in a chest ; there
fed with fragments of bread and cheese, thought there could be

any thing approaching thereunto. no better meat, till coming forth at last, and feeding liberally of

Paley's Evidences. other variety of viands, loathed his former life.

This sententious, apothegmatizing style, by crowding proposi-
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.

tions and paragraphs too fast upon the mind, and by carrying the
In all ages of the world, there is nothing with which mankind

eye of the reader from subject to subject in too quick a succession, hath been so much delighted as with those little fictitious stories, gains not a sufficient hold upon the attention, to leave either the which go under the name of fables or apologues among the ancient

memory furnished, or the understanding satisfied. heathens, and of parables in the sacred writings.

Paley's Philosophy, vol. i. p. 17.
Porteus's Lectures. APOPHYGE, a word in architecture, which de-
APOLOGUES are moral fables or figured relations, notes that part of a column, where it begins to spring
which are always supposed to mean something more out of its base and shoot upwards : often called the
than is at first sight expressed; and Julius Scaliger spring of the column.
hence derives the word from årò lóyos, as conveying APOPHYSIS, from ano and ouw to grow, a name
a sense apart from the narration itself. Concerning given to those eminences of the bones which are not
the origin, the distinguishing character, and use of attached by cartilage. In Botany the word denotes
apologues, the reader may consult Bayle Dict. Crit. in excrescences from the receptacle of the musci.
voce, Esope, and Shaftesbury's Charact. vol. iii.

APOPLEXY, from aito, and incow, to strike or
APONEUROSIS, in Anatomy, the extension of a knock down; in Medicine. A disease belonging to

the class Neuroses, and order Comata of Cullen. An APONIA, among Physicians, denotes a state of re abolition of sensation and voluntary motion ; with lease from pain, from a priv. and movos labour. more or less profound sleep, the action of the heart

APONOGETON, in Botany. A genus of plants, and arteries remaining : respiration generally accomclass Dodecandria, order Tetragynia. Generic cha- panied with a stertorous noise. racter. Amentum, composed of scales. Calyx and The immediate cause of Apoplexy is pressure on corollå wanting. Capsules four, three-seeded. Four the brain ; as this may arise from a variety of causes, species of this genus are described, they are natives of it is obvious that this disease may exist under very the East Indies, and the Cape of Good Hope.

different circumstances. APONUS, a hamlet near Petavium or Padua, which The most usual division is into the sanguineous and is celebrated by Martial as the birth place of Livy. serous apoplexy. The first is produced either by an

APOPHASIS, a figure of speech, by which we in- accumulation of blood in the vessels of the head, or sinuate a thing, under pretence of declining to state by effusion in consequence of the rupture of vessels : it. It is also a term in civil law. A POPHTHEGM, or

it may arise from any cause which increases the flow Atopoequa, from ATO- of blood to the head, or which impedes its return. APOTHEGM,

poérouai, eloqui, to speak APOTHEG'MATICAL,

The serous apoplexy is produced by an effusion of out, from ano and poéryopai, serum from the exhalent arteries of the brain, producAPOTHEGʻMATIST.

ing compression of that organ. It generally occurs

nerve.

I speak

APOPLEXY.

TASY.

APOS-
TASY.

APOSTLE

in old and debilitated persons, while the sanguineous

What a wretched and apostate state is this! to be offended with APOS. form attacks those who are of a full habit, and who excellence, and to hate a man vecause we approve him :

Spectator. No. 19. indulge freely in the pleasures of the table. Palsy of one side of the body frequently accompanies, or suc-.

Like thee, I'll tend the call of matin bell

To early orisons, and latest tune
ceeds an attack of apoplexy. The principal remedies

My evening song to that more wondrous love,
employed are bleeding, blistering, and free evacuations Which sav'd us from the grand apostate's wiles,
by the bowels. The treatment, however, will much And righteous vengeance of Almighty ire,
depend on the cause of the disease, as well as on the Justly incens'd.
habit of the patient.

Jago's Edge Hill. book üia
Apoplexy is frequently symptomatic of other dis- Christianity, who had openly apostatized from it, who prosessed

Even the Emperor Julian himself, that most bitter adversary of eases, as well as of injuries of the head.

the most implacable hatred to it, who employed all his ingenuity, APOSIOPESIS, from anoduLTNOis, I am silent, a all his acuteness and learning, which were considerable, in comfigure of speech, by which a person indicates his bating the truth of it, in displaying in the strongest colours every meaning, while affecting to suppress it ; a celebrated objection lie could raise up against it; even he did not deny the

reality of our Lord's miracles. example of this figure is that of Virgil,

Porteus's Lectures. Quos ego-sed præstet motus compoucre fluctus, where we may understand the word puniam, or some

APOSTEMATED, Amootiju abscessus, from other threat.

aplotue, absistere facio, disjungere, discedere, absAPOS’TASY, v.

cedere.
Apos’TASY, n.
Adio, to stand away

These are no mean surges of blasphemy, not only dipping Moses from, to depart ; from απο, ,

and Apos'TATE, v.

the divine lawgiver, but dashing with a high hand against the APOS'TATE, n.

lotnue to stand, to stay, to justice and purity of God himself; as these ensuing Scriptures,
place.

plainly and freely handled, shall verify, to the launcing of that old
Apos' TATE, adj.
Apos’TATIZE,
To stand away from, to de- apostemated error.

Milton's Tetrachordon.
APOSTATICAL.
part, desert, or forsake.

A POSTERIORI, a terở of logic, which is used to But Lucifer he put aweie,

denote a form of argument by which we demonstrate With al thic route apostasied

the nature of the cause, by reasoning from the effect; Of hem that ben to him alied, Whiche out of beauen in to helle,

it is opposed to a priori, by which we demonstrate the

effect from the cause.
From angels in to fendes felle.
Gower. Con. A. book viii. APOS'TLE,

Αποστολος, from αποστελλων,

Apos'TLESHIP,
The angles that by apostasie fell from God, when they were in

to send, from aro, and otelde', heauen wrought maistryes about it.

Apostol'ICAL, to send..
Bale's Image to both Churches. APOSTOL'ICALLY, Any one sent; applied to
This province being visited with a great plague and mortalitie, APOSTOL'ICALNESS, those also who were sent by
Sigher, with the people over whom he ruled, forsaking Christes re APOSTOL'ICK, Jesus Christ to preach his doc-
ligion, fell to apostasie, for both the king himselfe, and many of

Apos'TOLATE. trine.
his people, as well of the nobles as of the meaner sort, beganne to
renue their temple, which had stood desolate, they worshipped Go we with gode wille, and here I gow assoyle,
their idols, as though they could by that meanes have escaped the Of alle zour synnes ille granted of þe aposteule,
mortalitie.

þat ze haf said or poubt, or don þat is schrýuen,
Stow's Chronicles. In Criste, þat vs alle boult, be it zow forgyuen.

R. Brunne, p. 115. As he hated outsides in religion, so could he worse endure those apostacies and those denialls of the Lord and base compliances And whanne the day was come, he clepide hise disciplis, and with his adversaries, which timorous men practise under the chees twelve of hem, whiche he clepide also Apostlis. name of prudent and iust condescensions to avoid persecution. Memoirs of Col. Hutchinson.

Thei preiden and seiden, thou lord that knowist the hertis of alle And, to add to affliction, the remembrance

men, schewe whom thou hast chosen of tliese twevne that con take Of the Elysian joys thou might'st have tasted,

the place of this soruyce and a postilkecil of which iudas iresponside Hadst thou not turn'd apostata to those gods

that he schulde go into his place, That so reward their scrvants.

Wiclif. Dedis of A poslis, c. 1. Massinger's Virgin Jurtyr, act ir. sc. 3.

And whan they prayed they savde: tbou Lorde, wlich knowest High in the midst, exalted as a God,

ye bertes of all men, shewe whether of these two thou hast choses: The apostate in his sun-bright chariot sat,

that he mayo take the roume of thys myaystracyon and Apostle Idol of majesty divine, enclos'd

shippe, from which Judas by transgressyon fell, yt he myglas ça With Haming cherubim, and golden shields.

to hys awne place. Millon's Par. Lost, look vi. Perlaps some of these apostating stars have thought themselves For as Chryste lokyng vp into Heauen, declared that he tauglste true : let their miscarriage make me heedful: let the inwaril light nothyng, but that came from the henuenly father, so the Sports of thy grace more convince my truth to myself

, than my outward bycall men as often as they sawe the people to depend of their profession can represent me glorious to others.

inoutle, with a plaine and a simple fayth, they shuld purpose Bp. Ilall's Occ. Meilitations. nothyng vnio ihem, whicle they had not received of Christ. That the church of Rome is itself, that is, a church, that it is

Udalt. Maik.c. 14. visibile, that it is truly existent, there can be no doubt : but is it That I so am, (a minister of Christ) I declared neither with still a part of the truly existent visible church of Christ? Surely, high loke, nor witi taking of presentes, nor by bragging of an no otherwise than a heretical and apostatical church is and may kindred, but by suche meines as cuidētly proued miue a postulique be.

Bp. Hall's Reconciler. spirit.
As force is inconsistent with the nature of religion in general,

Udalı. 2 Corin. c. ll. and still more opposite to the spirit of Christianity in particular, These words, Angel or Apostle, although they signifie mission so it is in Scripture, still further, made the distinguishing character or legation, yet in Scripture they often relate to the persoes do of the great apostacy foretold by Christ and his Apostles.

whom they are sent. Clarke's Sermons.

Taylor's Episcopacy dseerida

Wicbif. Luk. c. 6.

Bille, 1539.

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