Зображення сторінки


APAGO- than the other; which is called indirect, apagogical, reducens ad APANORMIA, a populous town, harbour, and pro- APANOR. GICAL. absurdum, and which takes place, when by supposing a given pro- montory, on the north west coast of the Turkish island MIA.

position false, we are necessarily led into absurdity. APA

of Santorin, in the mouth of the Archipelago. It is Beattie's Moral Science, v. ii.


impossible for small vessels to anchor here on acAPALACHE BAY, a bay in the Gulf of Mexico. count of the extreme depth of the water. Six miles Long. 84° 30' W. lat. 29o 50 N.

N. N. W. of Scaro. Long. 25° 24' E. lat. 36° 38' N. APALACHES, or ST. MARK'S RIVER, a river of APARGIA, in Botany, a genus of plants, class SynNorth America, which rises in East Florida, in N. genesia, order Polygamia X qualis. Generic characlat. 31° 30' near the north west source of Great Sa ter. Receptacle naked, dotted. Pappus plumose, tilla river ; and runs south west through the Apala- sessile unequal ; calyx imbricate, with scales at the chy country, into the Bay of Apalachy, in the gulf of base. Mexico, about 15 miles below St. Nark's. It runs A genus allied to Leontodon or Dandelion, containabout 135 miles, and falls into the bay near the mouth ing several British species. of Apalachicola river.


In part; partly; separated into APALACHY COUNTRY extends across Flint and APARTMENT. parts; separately, aside, away, out Apalaches rivers, in East Florida, having the Semi- of the way. nole country on the north east. Apalachy or Apala Apartment is applied to any part or portion of a chia is by some writers applied to a town and harbour building or dwelling, parted or separated into differin Florida, 90 miles east of Pensacola, and the same

ent parts. distance west from Del Spiritu Santo River. The For aparti we knowen, and aparti we profecien, but whanne tribes of the Apalachian Indians lie around it.

that schal come that is parfyt, that thing that is of parti schal be APALACHIAN MOUNTAINS, commonly called auoided.

Wiclif. 1 Coryntk. c. 13. the Alleganny Mountains. See ALLEGANY. APALACHICOLA, a river of America, between

Ye han in your bodie diuers mēbers, and fiue sundrie wittes, East and West Florida, which after a course of about

euerich aparte to his owne doing, which thinges as instrumentes ye 300 miles falls into the Gulf of Mexico at Cape eye to see.

vsen, as your hands apart to handle, feete to goe, tongue to speake, Blaize.

Chaucer. Test of Loue, book iii. fo. 317. c. 4.
APAMEA, in Syria, the capital of the province called

I never sarve my lady laye apart
Apamene, one day's journey north of Larissa, on the

Her cornet blacke, in colde nor yet in heate,
Orontes, in a very fertile country ; enclosed by the

Sith fyrst she knew my grief was growen so greate.
river on one side, and a lake on the other. It was

Surrey, p. 328.

For servants thine keep tauntings tart; built by Antigonus for the Macedonians from Della

Admonish gently me apart; who were in his service ; and received its name from

And, when in sport some time I spend, the mother or wife of Seleucus Nicator, who enlarged

Do thou not sharply reprehend. and fortified it. It was at a latter period the capital

Timothy Kendall in Ellis, Poets, v. č. p. 231. of the second Syria. Its coin under the Seleucidæ

Where is he gone ! bear the dates of their era ; those under the Romans of

Qu. To draw apart the body lae hath kild,

Shakespeare's Hamlet. the Actiac era It was ruined by the Saracens, and is

These growing thoughts my mother soon perceiring,
now a very insignificant place called Famiyyah or

By words at times cast forth, inly rejoic'd,
Afamiyyah. Strabo xvi. ii. 10. Steph. Byz. Apam.

And said to me apart, “High are thy thoughts,
APAMEA, in Phrygia, called Cibotas, i.e. the chest, or

O son,'
ark, because enclosed as it were by several streams. It

Milton's Par. Reg. book i lay on the Meander and Marsyas, and was the second I would in a very particular manner recommend these my speemporium in Asia Minor. It was the scene of the ce

culations to all well-regulated families, that set apart an hour in

every morning for tea and bread and butter.
lebrated contest between Olympus and Marsyas. It
was first called Celcæne, then Cibotus, and afterwards

His ornaments with nicest art display'd,
Apamea from Apama, the mother of Antiochus Soter. He seeks th' apartment of the royal maid.
(Plin. v. 29. Strabo xii. 576.) It was probably seven That, richly mix'd in clouds of tortoise shin'd.
miles to the south of the modern town of Afyum k'ara

Three rooms contiguous in a range were plac'd;
h'is'ar. Macdonald Kinneir. Rennel's Retreat of the

The midmost by the beauteous Herse grac'd.

Ai'dison's Ovid's Met, book ü. Ten thousand, p. 23.

There is a mathematical whole which is better called integral, Apamea, in Bithynia, on the Euxine, Ap. Myrlæon,

when the several parts, which go to make up the whole are really founded by the people of Colophon, and named distinct from one another, and each of them may subsist apart, Myrlea ; ruined in the war between Prusias the se

Watts's Logick. cond king of Bithynia, and Philip the Third of Mace A massy portcullis gate leads to the ruins of what was once the donia, subsequently restored by Prusias, and named habitable part of the castle, in which a large vaulted hall is the Apamea, in honour of his wife. It was afterwards a

most remarkable apartment.

Gilpin's Tour to the Lakes of Cumberland, &c. Roman colony. Its ruins are at a quarter of an hour's distance from the coast, near the modern Mu


Amabela, from a, not, without ; daniah, the port of Brusah. Strabo xii.4, 3. Wheeler's

APATHE'тиск, , and mabos, feeling, without pasTravels. Pocock's Description of the East, vol.i.bk. ii.

Apathis'ticAL. sion or feeling; unfeelingness, c. 25.

dispassion, insensibility.
APANAGE, or APENAGE, in the French law, was Of good and evil much they argued then,
the fortune of a king's youngest son. Joach. Meierus

Of happiness and final misery,

Passion and apathy, and glory and shame, has published in one volume folio a collection of wri

Vain wisdom all, and false philosoply. *ers upon this part of the French law.

Milton's' Par. Lost, book üi.

[ocr errors]

Spectator, No. 10.





What is called by the stoics npathy, or dispassion; by the scep Here [in Bedlam] he shall see one mopishly stupid, and so fixed

tics indisturbance; by the Molinists quietism; by common men to his posture, as if he were a breathing statue; there, another
АРЕ. . peace of conscience : seems all to mean but great tranquillity of apishly active and restless.

Bp. Hall's Soliloquies.
Sir Wm. Temple's Works.

Look upon their Chemarim, the sacred actors in this religious

scene : what shall you see, but idle apishness in their solemnest
I am not to be apathetick like a statue.

Harris on Happiness.
work, and either mockery or slumbering.

Bp. Hall's Censure of Travel.
Does he constantly indulge this severe wisdom, which, by pre-

All these are ours; and I with pleasure see
tending to elevate him above human accidents, does in reality

Man strutting on two legs, and aping me.
harden his heart, and render him careless of the interests of man-

Dryden's Fables.
kind, and of society? No; he knows that in this sullen apathy
neither true wisdom nor true happiness can be found.

The people of England will not ape the fashions they have never
Hume's Essays.

tried; nor go back to those which they have found mischievous

on trial.
Fontenelle was of a good-humoured and apathistical disposition.

Burke on the French Revolution.
Scward's Anecdotes.
APATIT, in mineralogy. Phospholite of Kirwan. which the numerous race comprehended under the

In Zoology, the ape is one of the four sections into
Calcareous apatites of Werner. This mineral is usually

genus Simia is divided, including such as are desti-
divided by the German mineralogists into two va-

tute of a tail See Simia. rieties, the crystallized and earthy. The usual colour

In Ichthyology, the long tailed shark, is called by of the former is some combination of the colours

this name. green, blue, and red ; that of the latter is usually a

APEEK, a term in navigation ; when the cable yellowish or greyish white.

is drawn so tight as to bring the vessel immediately More than 90 parts in a hundred of this mineral

over the anchor, it is said to be apeek.
consists of lime and phosphoric acid. It is found in

APELITÆ. Those who followed the opinion of
Saxony, Bohemia, and Spain. Proust's Letter to

Apelles, a Marcionite heretic of the second century, Darcet. Journal de Physique for April, 1788. Widen- believing that Christ left his body dissolved in air, mann's Handbuch der Mineralogia, p. 528. Emmerling,

and so ascended into heaven without it. vol. i. p. 502. Stauy Traité de Mineralogie, vol. ii.

APENNINES, vide APPENNINES. p. 234. Kirwan Min. vol. i. p. 128.

APENRADE, a town, with a bailiwic, in the duchy APATURIA, a solemn feast celebrated at Athens in honour of Bacchus. Authors disagree as to its

of Sleswick, situated on an arm of the Baltic. Out

side of the town stands the castle of Brunlund. The origin ; it lasted four days. See Potter's Antiquities, vol. i. p. 397.

town is neatly built, and, for a small place, well

Skinner suspects the name of this peopled. They are supported, partly by navigation,
animal to be of African or Indian Lon. 9° 26' E. lat. 55° 3' N.

partly by a carrying trade, but chiefly by retail traffic.
origin. Wachter suggests the Ger.

APEPSY, in Medicine, denotes crudity, or a
A'PEISHNESS. Aben, imitari, to imitate. As in the
Latin, simile, from similis, like.

want of digestion ; the word commonly used is

So loveth she this hardy Nicholas,

APERIENTS, in Medicine, substances which act
That Absolon may blow the buckes horn :

gently on the bowels.
He ne had for his labour but a scorne.
And thus she maketh Absolon hire ape.

APER'T, Aperio, apertum ; from ad, and
Chaucer. The Miller's Tale. APER'TION, pario, to bear to; to bring before, or

APER'TLY, Sinto public view. Brought into pub-
Sith it is no new thinge, a fonde ape to make mockes and
mowes, I wyl as I say leaue of thys felowes folishe apishenesse, and

APER'TNESS, lic view, open, uncovered, undis-
I shall goc to the matter self.

APERTURE. guised, unconcealed.
Sir Thos. More's Workes, fol. 736. c. 1.

Holi churche, quath Pandulf, so riztuol is and was,
If a man aske you, what your maruelous fashioned playing That he ne ssal no prelat sette adoun, withoute apert trespas.
coates, and your other popatrye meane, and what your disfigured

R. Gloucester, p. 501.
heades, and all your apish play meane, ye know not: and yet are
they but signes of thinges which ye haue professed.

Vor me mýzte bere by hýs daye and lede hardelyche
The whole Workes of Tyndall, &c. fol. 341.

Tresour aboute and oper god ouera) apertelyche

In wodes and in oper studes, so þat non týne nas But this is a meruail that this good religiouse parishioners at þat pes bet ýsusteyned, pat bị hys tyme was. easter time do seke some by chappel, or some mockchristian mok,

Id. p. 375. whiche may prepare and deliuer ynto them the apish and coūtrefet supper.


Sipen he went to Durham, and gaf Saynt Cuthbert

Londes and lipes, with chartir aperte. FEAR. Stand hy there. What are you?

R. Brunne, p. 29.
SEEING. My lady's ape, that imitated all her fashions; falling
as she did, and running the same course of folly.

Whiche asketh not to ben apert,
Nabbes's Microcosmus, act v.

But in silence, and in couert

Desyreth for to be beshaded.
Unpegge the basket on the house's top;

Gower. Con. A. book iv. p. 119.
Let the birds flye and like the famous ape,
To try conclusions, in the basket creepe

Thus seest tbou apertly thy sorrowe into wele mote ben
And breake your own necke downe.

chaunged, wherefore in such case to better side cuermore encline
Shakespeare's Hamlet, fol. 272.

thou shouldest.
This apish and vnmannerly approach,

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, book ii. fol. 304. c. 1.
This harness'd maske, and ynaduised reuell,

And I said, Syr, preached neuer tuus, nor thorow God's
This vnheard sawcinesse and boyish troopes,

grace I will not any tyme consent to thinke nor to say thus nother
The king doth smile at.

pryuely nor apertly. Shakespeare's K. John.

Howell. State T'rials, v. i. p. 195. Trial of William Thorpe. VOL. XVII.

4 s


APERT. Tlie next now in order are the apertions ; under which term I APHELION, from uno and ojcos, the sun; in Astro- APHEdo comprehend doors, windows, stair-cases, chymnies, or other nomy, is that point of the earth's, or any other planet's

APHE- airducts : in short, all in-lets, or out-lets.

Wotton's Remains.
orbit, in which it is at the greatest distance from the

It is clear, that S. Hierome does not mean it in respect of order,
as if a bishop and a presbyter had both one oflice per omnia, one

APHERNOUSLI, a species of pine tree, growing power; for else he contradicts himself most apertly.

wild on the Alps. The tiniber is large and fine, and Taylor's Episcopacy asserted. resembles what in England is called the Weymouth person that is short-sighted, in looking at distant objects,

Pine. gets the habit of contracting the aperture of his eyes, by almost

APHETERIA, in ancient military art, was an enclosing his eye-lids.

gine used in the besieging of towns; probably of the

Reid's Inquiry. projectile kind, though Suidas does not mention its Fancy, like a fountain, plays highest by diminishing the aperture. construction.

Goldsmith, on Polite Learning. APHIOCEM, a composition made principally of An aperture between the mountains brought us into another the buds of hemp, before it flowers, and which is used wild recess.

by the Arabs as a substitute for opium. Gilpin's Tour to the Lakes of Cumberland, &c.

APHIOM, or Arium-KARA-HISSAR, the Black City In Optics, aperture is the hole next the object glass of Opium, is the principal town of a district of Na of a telescope, or microscope, through which the tolia, a large and populous place, situated on the river image of the object comes into the tube and is there Marsyas, or Mindra. This town is about three miles carried to the eye. Much of the perfection of the in circuit, surrounded by walls, and defended by a instrument depends upon the aperture.

castle surmounting an isolated rock of prodigious Huygens tells us, that he found by experiment, that height. The houses are all built of different materials, the square root of the distance of the focus of any such as mud, wood, and stone ; and the rivulets glass multiplied by 30, should be to its aperture as which descend from the mountains on the south side, 10 to 1. See TELESCOPE.

flow through the streets. Aphiom-Kara-hissar conAPETALOUS, in Botany, are plants that are with- tains several mosques, one of which is magnificent; out, or have an imperfect or stamineous flower. it has also several baths and a custom-house. Many

APETHORPE, in the hundred of Wileybrook, manufactures are carried on here in woollen stuffs, county of Northampton ; a chapel to the vicarage of particularly carpets; also in chintzes, fire-arms, and Massington, dedicated to St. Leonard. The resident yatagans, a kind of short sabre. But the staple compopulation of this parish is 231; the money raised by modity is opium, which is obtained from incisions of the parish rates in 1803, was £145. 13s. 6d. at 3s. in the head of the white or somniferous poppy. This the pound. It is 44 miles S. W. by W. from Wands- plant is raised from the seed sown in gardens round ford.

the town, and then transferred to more extensive APEX, signifies the vertex, or summit of any thing, fields. Small transverse sections are made in July, and is used to denote specifically a variety of objects, and continued to the end of summer, which occasion but always in this sense. The conical cap, worn by the exudation of a milky juice, soon growing brown the famens or priests of Jupiter, was called apex. and acquiring more consistence. A coarser kind of The crest of a helmet, the point or termination of a opium is obtained from subsequent incisions, and leaf, in botany, are also so called.

formed into small cakes for export. A pacha of two APHACA, a town of Cælosyria, in the mountains, tails resides here, and the town is the ordinary resort halfway between Heliopolis and Byblus, celebrated of the caravans from Constantinople and Smyrna to for a temple of Venus and a miraculous lake. The the interior of Asia. M. Olivier calculates the houses ruins of Fakiyah are probably on its site. Eusebius iii. at 10,000, and the inhabitants at 60,000. Aphion55. Niebuhr's Travels, ii. 268.

Kara-hissar is the ancient Apamea, so named by An-
APHANES, in Botany, parsley-piert, Linn. Gen. tiochus-Soter ; and after falling into the hands of the
166. Schul. 223. Juss. 337. Class Tetrandria Digynia, or Turks, it was the capital of their empire. Distant
Monandria Monogynia ; natural order Senticosæ. It 56 miles S. of Kutayeh, 162 E. of Smyrna. Long. 26°
is a common. British plant, growing in fallow fields, E. Lat. 38°, 46' N.
and in the old Herbals is called parsley break-stone. APHIS, in Zoology, a gerus of Insects of the

APHAR, in Ancient Geography, the capital of order Hemiptera.
Arabia Felix. This place is now known by the name Generic character. Antennæ setaceous, longer than
Al Farar, and is situated on a river between Mecca the thorax, seven jointed,—wings four, pellucid, lon-
and Medina.

ger than the body, the upper ones the largest,-both
APHARA, or APIERA, a town of Palestine, in the males and females occ

ccasionally without wings, par-
tribe of Benjamin.

ticularly the latter. - Abdomen furnished near the
APHEK, a name given in Scripture to several cities base with two horns or tubercles.
of Palestine. See 1 Sam. xxix. v. 1. 1 Sam. iv. 1, 2,3. The insects constituting this remarkable genus, are
Josh. xix. 30. xiii. 4. It was also a city of Syria, in well known under the name of Plant-lice. They in-
Benhadad's kingdom, near which the battle was fest almost every species of vegetable in innumerable
fought in which Ahab defeated Benhadad; 1 Kings quantities, occasioning the leaves to curl up, and
xx. 26. In this last city the famous temple of Venus often preventing the growth of the young shoots, by
the Aphacite, was placed. It was probably situated the punctures they make for the purpose of proeuring
between Heliopolis and Byblus.

the juices of the plant, on which they live. The in-
APHELANDRA, in Botany, a genus of plants, con- juries which these little insignificant animals some-
taining only one species, a native of the West Indies. times occasion, are much more considerable than

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

APHIS. would at first be imagined, from their extreme tenuity, vert : vol. iii. p. 457. Cuvier, Regne Animal, vol. iii. APHIS. weakness, and inactivity ; but their increase is so p. 411. Latreille, Hist. Nat. des Ins. &c.

APHRITIS rapid and extensive, as to render them formidable APHLASTUM, from a, privatira, and plastos, franenemies. The finest of our fruits are thus often gible. It was a wooden instrument shaped like a nipped in the bud, or arrested in a subsequent period plume of feathers, and formed the ornament of the of their growth; and indeed scarcely any of our escu prow on the vessels of the ancients, as the acrostolium lent vegetables are free from their attacks. The hop did that of the stern. And to it was often attached a grounds in Kent would, in some seasons, be rendered sort of pennant, in order to indicate the direction of almost barren by their swarms, had not nature pro-' the wind. vided an efficient preventive. This consists in the APHODIUS, in Zoology, a genus of Insects of the circumstance of their forming the favourite food of the order, Coleoptera, family Coprophagi. The species, larva of the lady bird, (Coccinella), and of several which are numerous, are divided into sections from species of aphidivorous fies, particularly of the genus the characters of the Clypeus. Syrphus of Fabricius. These larvæ fix themselves by

1. Clypeus smooth. the tail, in the midst of a host of aphides, and extend

2. Clypeus smooth entire.
or contract themselves so as to reach their prey; and

3. Clypeus tuberculated.
on seizing one, it is held up in the air, whilst all the There are nearly thirty British species, all of which
juices of the body are sucked out, after which the skin ivhabit dung, in which situation they are found in the
is dropt.

month of April and May.
There are two little tubes at the upper part of the APHONIA (from a privativa, and owvij, the voice),
abdomen, near the base, which secretes a sweet fluid, a loss of the voice. A genus of diseases in the class
of which the ant is excessively fond; and it is a most Locales, and order Dyscinesiæ of Cullen.
amusing spectacle, to observe the care which these in APH'ORISM, Αφοριεμος, from απο, and oριζω,
teresting little insects take of their herds of aphides, APH'ORISER, to bound, to define, froin opos, bound
and the manner in which they excite them to deposit


or limit.
the fluid. This is done by drumming, as it were, with That which bounds, defines, determines. And so
the antennæ upon the abdomen of the aphis, which, applied to sentences, which limit and distinguish
after a few seconds, expels the fluid from the tubes, clearly and concisely. A sententious saying; a saga-
and the ant immediately sucking it up, runs to an cious maxim.
other, and another, repeating the same operation

Thaddæus Haggesius, in his Metoposcopia, hath certain apko.
until it is satisfied. Under the article Formica, will risms derived from Saturn's lines in the forehead, by wbich he
be found an account of the manner in which the ants collects a melancholy disposition.
preserve these herds of their milch-kine, as they have

Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.
been wittily denominated.

Certainly of no less a mind, nor of less excellence in another
It is a most extraordinary fact, that in the insects

way, were they who by writing laid the solid and true foundations

of this science; which being of greatest importance to the life of of this genus, impregnation of several generations, is

man, yet there is no art that hath bin more canker'd in her prineffected by a single intercourse with the male. This ciples, more soil'd and slubber'd with aphorisming pedantry, than takes place in the autumn, and the females soon

the art of policy afterwards deposit their eggs, or more properly little

Milton's Ref. of England. capsules, in which the young aphides are concealed, Seeing that it hath bin inevitably prov'd that the natural and already fully formed, and in which they remain until fundamental causes of political happiness in all Governments are the warmth of spring excites them to activity. They and, as we see, agrees according to wisle with all such states as

the same, and this church-discipline is taught in the word of God; then burst their enclosure, and are found to consist have received it: we may infallibiy assure ourselves that it will as entirely of females, which soon after reproduce a well agree with monarchy, though all the tribe of Aphorismers number of the same sex, without a single male. If and politicasters would persuade us there be secret and mysterious then an individual be kept carefully separate, from

reasons against it.

Milton's Ref. in England.
the moment of its exclusion from the parent, in about
three weeks, it will produce young ; which, if kept attainable without it; according to that aphorism of the wise.-

Our appetites do prompt to industry, as inclining to things not
apart will in their turn increase, and so on to eight The desire of the slothful killeth him, for his hands refuse to
or ten generations, without the presence, nay, with- labour.

Barrow's Sermons.
out the production of a single male. In the autumn, The word parable is sometimes used in Scripture in a large and
however, males, as well as females, are brought general sense, and applied to short sententious sayings, maxims,
forth, and fecundation takes place to provide for the

or aphorisms, expressed in a figurative, proverbial, or even poeti-
cal manner.

Porteus's Lectures.
successive generations of the next summer. These
facts,- for however marvellous they may appear, The term aphorism is chiefly used in law and medi-
they are facts ; — were first ascertained by that in- cine. It is common to say, the aphorisms of Sancto-
genious and indefatigable observer, Bonnet, a full rius, of Boerhave, of Hippocrates. In ecclesiastical
account of whose experiments is to be found in the writers, it signifies a milder kind of excommunication,
first volume of his works, Neuchatel, 410., 1779. which excluded from the sacrament and from the be-

The species are very numerous, and but imperfect- nefit of the prayers of the church.
ly understood, but there is reason to believe, that APHRITIS, in Zoology, a genus of Insects, of the
very many plants nourish their own peculiar aphides; order Diptera, family Syrphiæ. Generic character.
and it has been usual to name the species after the Antennæ much longer than the head; the third arti-
plants which they principally inhabit, as Aphis Rosæ, culation conical, elongated, bearing a seta at the base.
A. Sambuci, A. Ülmi, &c.

Mulio apiformis of Fabricius is the type of this
Vide— Euvres de Bonnet, vol. i. Lamarck An. sans genus.

APIE CES, } tions." On piece ; in a separate part,

P JRO APHRODISIÆ, were festivals in honour of Venus, insects, and retard the preparation of honey. See APIARY. D SIÆ. which were observed in several parts of Greece ; the Bee Hive. most remarkable was that at Cyprus. At this so APIASTER, in Ornithology, a species of Merops,


lemnity several mysterious rites were practised ; all found in Europe and Asia. It is commonly known
that were initiated, offered a piece of money to Venus, by the name of the Bee-eater. Its length is about 10
and received as a token of the goddess's favour a inches, of which nearly two are formed by the bill.
measure of salt, and a paldos; the former because APICES, summits, in Botany, the same with An-
salt comes from the sea, from whence the goddess theræ.
herself sprang, and the second as symbolical of her

In pieces ; in separate parts or por-
character. See Strabo, lib. xiv. Athenæus, lib. xiii. Apie'ce.
Arnobius, lib. 5.

or share. APHRODISIA, a town of Thrace, in Ancient Geo Port.

And't please your honour graphy, between Candia and Heraclea, to the north of

We are but men; and what so many may doe the Chersonnesus; a promontory of Caria near Cnidus

Not being torne a pieces, we have done. was also called by the same name. The Aphrodites,

Shak. Henry VIII. act v. sc. 3. was also the name of an island in the Arabian Gulf,

Austin confessed-that he was torn a-pieces with his manifold

whose modern name, which signifies the Sponge of

Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.
the Sea, bears an evident allusion to its ancient appel-
lation. By the name of Aprodisia, were also known

The people of Ægina, and the Athenians had but small ones,

and the most of them consisted but of fifty oars a piece. several towns in Ancient Geography, which were not

Hobbes's Thucydides.
of importance, and are therefore not noticed by

They (Sir John Elliot, Hollis, and Valentine) were condemned

to be imprisoned during the king's pleasure, to find sureties for
APHRODITE, in Mythology, a name of Venus; in their good behaviour, and to be fined, the two former a thousand
Entomology, a species of Papilio; in Natural History, pounds a-piece, the latter five hundred.
a species of Amethyst.

Hume's History of England.
ĀPHTHA (from antw, to inflame), in Medicine. APIS, in Zoology, a genus of insects of the order
a disease ranked by Cullen in the class Pyrexia, order hymenoptera, family Apiariæ.
Exanthemata. The following is the character given of Generic character. Hinder tibiæ without spurs or
it by that author in his Nosology, Mixed fever, the heels. Hinder tarsi with the first joint long. Upper
tongue rather swoln, its colour and that of the fauces wings with three submarginal cells complete, the last
inclining to purple ; small specks at first appearing oblique and linear.
on the fauces, and edge of the tongue, and afterwards This genus, which is now so restricted, comprised
covering the whole internal surface of the mouth, of in the Linnean system several very distinct, and even
a white colour, sometimes distinct, often running into dissimilar genera. Of the present, the apis mellifica,
one, when cleared off, quickly renewed ; duration un common hive bee, is the type. The fables of older
certain. This disease is generally symptomatic; the naturalists, and the facts discovered by the moderns,
only species known to be idiopathic is the 4. Infantum the creations of poetry, and the theories of the philo-
or Child's Thrush. The treatment of Aphtha will re sopher, have alike concurred to celebrate the economy
quire considerable variation, according to the circum of this most interesting insect. Without, however,
stances under which it appears, and the symptoms attending to the fables of those who have laboured
which accompany it.

to excite that interest by false representations, which APHYLLANTHES, in Botany, a genus of plants, a statement of facts is more than sufficient to produce, class Hexandria, order Monogynia. Generic charac- it may be truly said that in the whole range of natuter, Corolla of six petals ; filaments inserted into ral science, there cannot be found a more striking exthe faux of the corolla ; capsule superior; calycine emplification of wisdom and design, or of a perfect glumæ, single valved, imbricated. The only species adaptation of means to an adequate end, than in the of this genus, is the A. Monspeliensis, or Rush-like operations of these little animals. To Swammerdam, Lily-pink, a native of the south of France. Botanical Reaumur, Huber, and Wildman, we are indebted for Magazine, 1132.

much of the knowledge which is possessed respecting
APHYTEIA, a plant discovered by Thunberg, at them ; nor are we less obliged to Messrs. Kirby and
the Cape of Good Hope, having neither root, stem, Spence, who in their valuable introduction to Ento-
nor leaves. The fruit is eaten by the Hottentots. mology, have selected and arranged all the most in-
Thunb. Act. Holm. 1775, 69.

teresting facts, and clothed them, as they always do,
APHYTEIA, or Aphytis, a town of Thrace, in the in the most agreeable language.
Pallena, which was besieged by Lysander, and the As it is extremely seldom that a society of bees is
siege raised, according to Plutarch, in consequence of found in a truly wild state, and as it requires a pecu-
the interposition of Jupiter Ammon.

liar arrangement and construction of their habitations
APIARY, a garden, or place where bees are kept. to observe their habits, and follow them into the
Mr. Bonner observes, that bee hives should be placed more minute points of their history; it will be neces-
in an easterly situation ; but most writers seem to sary to draw largely upon the observations which
prefer northern aspects, which should be sheltered have been made by naturalists, who have kept them
from the winds, and with abundance of flowers in the for this purpose in a domestic state.
immediate vicinity. Mr. Keys also observes, that the The society of a hive of bees, besides the young
hives should not be exposed to the drippings of brood, consists of one female or queen, several hun-
trees, to the neighbourhood of a dunghill, or to the dreds of males or drones, and many thousand workers.
annoyance of long grass and weeds, which breed Two sorts of females have indeed been observed; the

« НазадПродовжити »