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APAGO- than the other; which is called indirect, apagogical, reducens ad APANORMIA, a populous town, harbour, and pro- APANOR. GICAL. absurdum, and which takes place, when by supposing a given pro- montory, on the north west coast of the Turkish island MIA.
position false, we are necessarily led into absurdity. APA
of Santorin, in the mouth of the Archipelago. It is Beattie's Moral Science, v. ii.
impossible for small vessels to anchor here on acAPALACHE BAY, a bay in the Gulf of Mexico. count of the extreme depth of the water. Six miles Long. 84° 30' W. lat. 29o 50 N.
N. N. W. of Scaro. Long. 25° 24' E. lat. 36° 38' N. APALACHES, or ST. MARK'S RIVER, a river of APARGIA, in Botany, a genus of plants, class SynNorth America, which rises in East Florida, in N. genesia, order Polygamia X qualis. Generic characlat. 31° 30' near the north west source of Great Sa ter. Receptacle naked, dotted. Pappus plumose, tilla river ; and runs south west through the Apala- sessile unequal ; calyx imbricate, with scales at the chy country, into the Bay of Apalachy, in the gulf of base. Mexico, about 15 miles below St. Nark's. It runs A genus allied to Leontodon or Dandelion, containabout 135 miles, and falls into the bay near the mouth ing several British species. of Apalachicola river.
In part; partly; separated into APALACHY COUNTRY extends across Flint and APARTMENT. parts; separately, aside, away, out Apalaches rivers, in East Florida, having the Semi- of the way. nole country on the north east. Apalachy or Apala Apartment is applied to any part or portion of a chia is by some writers applied to a town and harbour building or dwelling, parted or separated into differin Florida, 90 miles east of Pensacola, and the same
ent parts. distance west from Del Spiritu Santo River. The For aparti we knowen, and aparti we profecien, but whanne tribes of the Apalachian Indians lie around it.
that schal come that is parfyt, that thing that is of parti schal be APALACHIAN MOUNTAINS, commonly called auoided.
Wiclif. 1 Coryntk. c. 13. the Alleganny Mountains. See ALLEGANY. APALACHICOLA, a river of America, between
Ye han in your bodie diuers mēbers, and fiue sundrie wittes, East and West Florida, which after a course of about
euerich aparte to his owne doing, which thinges as instrumentes ye 300 miles falls into the Gulf of Mexico at Cape eye to see.
vsen, as your hands apart to handle, feete to goe, tongue to speake, Blaize.
Chaucer. Test of Loue, book iii. fo. 317. c. 4.
I never sarve my lady laye apart
Her cornet blacke, in colde nor yet in heate,
Sith fyrst she knew my grief was growen so greate.
Surrey, p. 328.
For servants thine keep tauntings tart; built by Antigonus for the Macedonians from Della
Admonish gently me apart; who were in his service ; and received its name from
And, when in sport some time I spend, the mother or wife of Seleucus Nicator, who enlarged
Do thou not sharply reprehend. and fortified it. It was at a latter period the capital
Timothy Kendall in Ellis, Poets, v. č. p. 231. of the second Syria. Its coin under the Seleucidæ
Where is he gone ! bear the dates of their era ; those under the Romans of
Qu. To draw apart the body lae hath kild,
Shakespeare's Hamlet. the Actiac era It was ruined by the Saracens, and is
These growing thoughts my mother soon perceiring,
By words at times cast forth, inly rejoic'd,
And said to me apart, “High are thy thoughts,
Milton's Par. Reg. book i lay on the Meander and Marsyas, and was the second I would in a very particular manner recommend these my speemporium in Asia Minor. It was the scene of the ce
culations to all well-regulated families, that set apart an hour in
every morning for tea and bread and butter.
His ornaments with nicest art display'd,
Three rooms contiguous in a range were plac'd;
The midmost by the beauteous Herse grac'd.
Ai'dison's Ovid's Met, book ü. Ten thousand, p. 23.
There is a mathematical whole which is better called integral, Apamea, in Bithynia, on the Euxine, Ap. Myrlæon,
when the several parts, which go to make up the whole are really founded by the people of Colophon, and named distinct from one another, and each of them may subsist apart, Myrlea ; ruined in the war between Prusias the se
Watts's Logick. cond king of Bithynia, and Philip the Third of Mace A massy portcullis gate leads to the ruins of what was once the donia, subsequently restored by Prusias, and named habitable part of the castle, in which a large vaulted hall is the Apamea, in honour of his wife. It was afterwards a
most remarkable apartment.
Gilpin's Tour to the Lakes of Cumberland, &c. Roman colony. Its ruins are at a quarter of an hour's distance from the coast, near the modern Mu
Amabela, from a, not, without ; daniah, the port of Brusah. Strabo xii.4, 3. Wheeler's
APATHE'тиск, , and mabos, feeling, without pasTravels. Pocock's Description of the East, vol.i.bk. ii.
Apathis'ticAL. sion or feeling; unfeelingness, c. 25.
Of happiness and final misery,
Passion and apathy, and glory and shame, has published in one volume folio a collection of wri
Vain wisdom all, and false philosoply. *ers upon this part of the French law.
Milton's' Par. Lost, book üi.
Spectator, No. 10.
What is called by the stoics npathy, or dispassion; by the scep Here [in Bedlam] he shall see one mopishly stupid, and so fixed
tics indisturbance; by the Molinists quietism; by common men to his posture, as if he were a breathing statue; there, another
Bp. Hall's Soliloquies.
Look upon their Chemarim, the sacred actors in this religious
scene : what shall you see, but idle apishness in their solemnest
Harris on Happiness.
Bp. Hall's Censure of Travel.
All these are ours; and I with pleasure see
Man strutting on two legs, and aping me.
The people of England will not ape the fashions they have never
tried; nor go back to those which they have found mischievous
Burke on the French Revolution.
In Zoology, the ape is one of the four sections into
genus Simia is divided, including such as are desti-
tute of a tail See Simia. rieties, the crystallized and earthy. The usual colour
In Ichthyology, the long tailed shark, is called by of the former is some combination of the colours
this name. green, blue, and red ; that of the latter is usually a
APEEK, a term in navigation ; when the cable yellowish or greyish white.
is drawn so tight as to bring the vessel immediately More than 90 parts in a hundred of this mineral
over the anchor, it is said to be apeek.
APELITÆ. Those who followed the opinion of
Apelles, a Marcionite heretic of the second century, Darcet. Journal de Physique for April, 1788. Widen- believing that Christ left his body dissolved in air, mann's Handbuch der Mineralogia, p. 528. Emmerling,
and so ascended into heaven without it. vol. i. p. 502. Stauy Traité de Mineralogie, vol. ii.
APENNINES, vide APPENNINES. p. 234. Kirwan Min. vol. i. p. 128.
APENRADE, a town, with a bailiwic, in the duchy APATURIA, a solemn feast celebrated at Athens in honour of Bacchus. Authors disagree as to its
of Sleswick, situated on an arm of the Baltic. Out
side of the town stands the castle of Brunlund. The origin ; it lasted four days. See Potter's Antiquities, vol. i. p. 397.
town is neatly built, and, for a small place, well
Skinner suspects the name of this peopled. They are supported, partly by navigation,
partly by a carrying trade, but chiefly by retail traffic.
APEPSY, in Medicine, denotes crudity, or a
want of digestion ; the word commonly used is
APERIENTS, in Medicine, substances which act
gently on the bowels.
APER'T, Aperio, apertum ; from ad, and
APER'TLY, Sinto public view. Brought into pub-
APER'TNESS, lic view, open, uncovered, undis-
APERTURE. guised, unconcealed.
Holi churche, quath Pandulf, so riztuol is and was,
R. Gloucester, p. 501.
Vor me mýzte bere by hýs daye and lede hardelyche
Tresour aboute and oper god ouera) apertelyche
In wodes and in oper studes, so þat non týne nas But this is a meruail that this good religiouse parishioners at þat pes bet ýsusteyned, pat bị hys tyme was. easter time do seke some by chappel, or some mockchristian mok,
Id. p. 375. whiche may prepare and deliuer ynto them the apish and coūtrefet supper.
Sipen he went to Durham, and gaf Saynt Cuthbert
Londes and lipes, with chartir aperte. FEAR. Stand hy there. What are you?
R. Brunne, p. 29.
Whiche asketh not to ben apert,
But in silence, and in couert
Desyreth for to be beshaded.
Gower. Con. A. book iv. p. 119.
Thus seest tbou apertly thy sorrowe into wele mote ben
chaunged, wherefore in such case to better side cuermore encline
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, book ii. fol. 304. c. 1.
And I said, Syr, preached neuer tuus, nor thorow God's
grace I will not any tyme consent to thinke nor to say thus nother
pryuely nor apertly. Shakespeare's K. John.
Howell. State T'rials, v. i. p. 195. Trial of William Thorpe. VOL. XVII.
APERT. Tlie next now in order are the apertions ; under which term I APHELION, from uno and ojcos, the sun; in Astro- APHEdo comprehend doors, windows, stair-cases, chymnies, or other nomy, is that point of the earth's, or any other planet's
APHERNOUSLI, a species of pine tree, growing power; for else he contradicts himself most apertly.
wild on the Alps. The tiniber is large and fine, and Taylor's Episcopacy asserted. resembles what in England is called the Weymouth person that is short-sighted, in looking at distant objects,
Pine. gets the habit of contracting the aperture of his eyes, by almost
APHETERIA, in ancient military art, was an enclosing his eye-lids.
gine used in the besieging of towns; probably of the
Reid's Inquiry. projectile kind, though Suidas does not mention its Fancy, like a fountain, plays highest by diminishing the aperture. construction.
Goldsmith, on Polite Learning. APHIOCEM, a composition made principally of An aperture between the mountains brought us into another the buds of hemp, before it flowers, and which is used wild recess.
by the Arabs as a substitute for opium. Gilpin's Tour to the Lakes of Cumberland, &c.
APHIOM, or Arium-KARA-HISSAR, the Black City In Optics, aperture is the hole next the object glass of Opium, is the principal town of a district of Na of a telescope, or microscope, through which the tolia, a large and populous place, situated on the river image of the object comes into the tube and is there Marsyas, or Mindra. This town is about three miles carried to the eye. Much of the perfection of the in circuit, surrounded by walls, and defended by a instrument depends upon the aperture.
castle surmounting an isolated rock of prodigious Huygens tells us, that he found by experiment, that height. The houses are all built of different materials, the square root of the distance of the focus of any such as mud, wood, and stone ; and the rivulets glass multiplied by 30, should be to its aperture as which descend from the mountains on the south side, 10 to 1. See TELESCOPE.
flow through the streets. Aphiom-Kara-hissar conAPETALOUS, in Botany, are plants that are with- tains several mosques, one of which is magnificent; out, or have an imperfect or stamineous flower. it has also several baths and a custom-house. Many
APETHORPE, in the hundred of Wileybrook, manufactures are carried on here in woollen stuffs, county of Northampton ; a chapel to the vicarage of particularly carpets; also in chintzes, fire-arms, and Massington, dedicated to St. Leonard. The resident yatagans, a kind of short sabre. But the staple compopulation of this parish is 231; the money raised by modity is opium, which is obtained from incisions of the parish rates in 1803, was £145. 13s. 6d. at 3s. in the head of the white or somniferous poppy. This the pound. It is 44 miles S. W. by W. from Wands- plant is raised from the seed sown in gardens round ford.
the town, and then transferred to more extensive APEX, signifies the vertex, or summit of any thing, fields. Small transverse sections are made in July, and is used to denote specifically a variety of objects, and continued to the end of summer, which occasion but always in this sense. The conical cap, worn by the exudation of a milky juice, soon growing brown the famens or priests of Jupiter, was called apex. and acquiring more consistence. A coarser kind of The crest of a helmet, the point or termination of a opium is obtained from subsequent incisions, and leaf, in botany, are also so called.
formed into small cakes for export. A pacha of two APHACA, a town of Cælosyria, in the mountains, tails resides here, and the town is the ordinary resort halfway between Heliopolis and Byblus, celebrated of the caravans from Constantinople and Smyrna to for a temple of Venus and a miraculous lake. The the interior of Asia. M. Olivier calculates the houses ruins of Fakiyah are probably on its site. Eusebius iii. at 10,000, and the inhabitants at 60,000. Aphion55. Niebuhr's Travels, ii. 268.
Kara-hissar is the ancient Apamea, so named by An-
APHAR, in Ancient Geography, the capital of order Hemiptera.
ger than the body, the upper ones the largest,-both
ccasionally without wings, par-
ticularly the latter. - Abdomen furnished near the
the juices of the plant, on which they live. The in-
APHIS. would at first be imagined, from their extreme tenuity, vert : vol. iii. p. 457. Cuvier, Regne Animal, vol. iii. APHIS. weakness, and inactivity ; but their increase is so p. 411. Latreille, Hist. Nat. des Ins. &c.
APHRITIS rapid and extensive, as to render them formidable APHLASTUM, from a, privatira, and plastos, franenemies. The finest of our fruits are thus often gible. It was a wooden instrument shaped like a nipped in the bud, or arrested in a subsequent period plume of feathers, and formed the ornament of the of their growth; and indeed scarcely any of our escu prow on the vessels of the ancients, as the acrostolium lent vegetables are free from their attacks. The hop did that of the stern. And to it was often attached a grounds in Kent would, in some seasons, be rendered sort of pennant, in order to indicate the direction of almost barren by their swarms, had not nature pro-' the wind. vided an efficient preventive. This consists in the APHODIUS, in Zoology, a genus of Insects of the circumstance of their forming the favourite food of the order, Coleoptera, family Coprophagi. The species, larva of the lady bird, (Coccinella), and of several which are numerous, are divided into sections from species of aphidivorous fies, particularly of the genus the characters of the Clypeus. Syrphus of Fabricius. These larvæ fix themselves by
1. Clypeus smooth. the tail, in the midst of a host of aphides, and extend
2. Clypeus smooth entire.
3. Clypeus tuberculated.
month of April and May.
Thaddæus Haggesius, in his Metoposcopia, hath certain apko.
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.
Certainly of no less a mind, nor of less excellence in another
way, were they who by writing laid the solid and true foundations
of this science; which being of greatest importance to the life of of this genus, impregnation of several generations, is
man, yet there is no art that hath bin more canker'd in her prineffected by a single intercourse with the male. This ciples, more soil'd and slubber'd with aphorisming pedantry, than takes place in the autumn, and the females soon
the art of policy afterwards deposit their eggs, or more properly little
Milton's Ref. of England. capsules, in which the young aphides are concealed, Seeing that it hath bin inevitably prov'd that the natural and already fully formed, and in which they remain until fundamental causes of political happiness in all Governments are the warmth of spring excites them to activity. They and, as we see, agrees according to wisle with all such states as
the same, and this church-discipline is taught in the word of God; then burst their enclosure, and are found to consist have received it: we may infallibiy assure ourselves that it will as entirely of females, which soon after reproduce a well agree with monarchy, though all the tribe of Aphorismers number of the same sex, without a single male. If and politicasters would persuade us there be secret and mysterious then an individual be kept carefully separate, from
reasons against it.
Milton's Ref. in England.
Our appetites do prompt to industry, as inclining to things not
or aphorisms, expressed in a figurative, proverbial, or even poeti-
The species are very numerous, and but imperfect- nefit of the prayers of the church.
Mulio apiformis of Fabricius is the type of this
APIE CES, } tions." On piece ; in a separate part,
P JRO APHRODISIÆ, were festivals in honour of Venus, insects, and retard the preparation of honey. See APIARY. D SIÆ. which were observed in several parts of Greece ; the Bee Hive. most remarkable was that at Cyprus. At this so APIASTER, in Ornithology, a species of Merops,
APIS. AT RY.
lemnity several mysterious rites were practised ; all found in Europe and Asia. It is commonly known
In pieces ; in separate parts or por-
or share. APHRODISIA, a town of Thrace, in Ancient Geo Port.
And't please your honour graphy, between Candia and Heraclea, to the north of
We are but men; and what so many may doe the Chersonnesus; a promontory of Caria near Cnidus
Not being torne a pieces, we have done. was also called by the same name. The Aphrodites,
Shak. Henry VIII. act v. sc. 3. was also the name of an island in the Arabian Gulf,
Austin confessed-that he was torn a-pieces with his manifold
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.
The people of Ægina, and the Athenians had but small ones,
and the most of them consisted but of fifty oars a piece. several towns in Ancient Geography, which were not
They (Sir John Elliot, Hollis, and Valentine) were condemned
to be imprisoned during the king's pleasure, to find sureties for
Hume's History of England.
to excite that interest by false representations, which APHYLLANTHES, in Botany, a genus of plants, a statement of facts is more than sufficient to produce, class Hexandria, order Monogynia. Generic charac- it may be truly said that in the whole range of natuter, Corolla of six petals ; filaments inserted into ral science, there cannot be found a more striking exthe faux of the corolla ; capsule superior; calycine emplification of wisdom and design, or of a perfect glumæ, single valved, imbricated. The only species adaptation of means to an adequate end, than in the of this genus, is the A. Monspeliensis, or Rush-like operations of these little animals. To Swammerdam, Lily-pink, a native of the south of France. Botanical Reaumur, Huber, and Wildman, we are indebted for Magazine, 1132.
much of the knowledge which is possessed respecting
teresting facts, and clothed them, as they always do,
liar arrangement and construction of their habitations