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ANIMAL When the horse stands at his ease, this position of the 40 feet diameter would be preferable to either of the ANIMAL STRENGTH, traces is rather inclined upwards, from the direction former.

STRENGTH. ANIMOof the road ; but when he leans forward to draw the 29. Desaguliers states, in the 1st volume of his

ANISUM. SITY. load, the traces should then become nearly parallel to Experimental Philosophy, that a horse employed daily in

the plane over which the carriage is to be drawn; or, drawing nearly horizontal, can move,during eight hours Power of a if he be employed in drawing a sledge, or any thing in the day, about 200 lbs., at the rate of about 24 miles horse estiwithout wheels, the inclination of the traces with the an hour, or 33 feet per second. If the weight be aug- mated by road, supposing it to be horizontal, should be about mented to about 240 lbs., or 250lbs., the horse cannot Desaguliers

and others. 184, see (art. 159) DYNAMICS; and even when wheels move more than six hours in the day, and that with are employed, as we cannot conceive friction to be less velocity. And, in both cases, if he carry some wholly destroyed, it is obvious, that a slight inclina- weight, he will draw better than if he carried none. tion from the parallel position of the traces upwards Sauveur estimates the mean effort of a horse at 175 lbs. would be rather advantageous than the contrary; al- French, or 189lbs. English avoirdupoise, with a velocity though it is difficult, if not impossible, to estimate of rather more than two feet per second. But these are the degree of that inclination.

all probably too high to be continued for eight hours. What we have said above is with reference only to In another place Desaguliers states the mean work of one horse; when several are harnessed together in a a horse as equivalent to raising a hogshead of water line so as all to draw at the same load, and the slope 50 feet high in a minute. But Smeaton, who examined on which they are drawing changes, we must resolve every circumstance connected with his profession with the line of direction of each horse into two others, the great accuracy, reduces this effect to a height of 40 one parallel and the other perpendicular to the plane feet. And by certain experiments, made before the of the carriage, and thus estimate the ultimate result; Society for the Encouragement of Arts, it was concluded but this consideration leading to little or no practical that, a horse moving with a velocity of three miles per deductions, we shall not insist upon in this place, but hour, can continue to exert a force of 80 lbs. But we refer the reader who is desirous of following the in- do not find these experiments detailed at sufficient length vestigation, to the work of Prony, before referred to, to give us much satisfactory information on the subject. or to Gregory's Mechanics, vol. ii.

Indeed, it is an investigation so extremely difficult to lorse in a 28. We shall here only further observe, that when a ircul

carry on with mathematical accuracy, that we are not horse is made to move in a circular path, as is often surprised to find so great a variety of opinions ; much ath,

practised in mills and other machines, it is requisite to necessarily depends upon the size, strength, and con-
give to the circle which the animal has to walk round, dition of the horse, the opinion of the person making
the greatest diameter that is consistent with the local the experiment, as to what the animal is capable of
and other conditions to which the motion must be sub- performing, and the time that he may be employed ;
jected. It is obvious, indeed, that since a rectilinear so that little correct information is, perhaps, to be
motion is the most easy for the horse, the less the line expected on this point; but with regard to the me-
in which he moves is curved the greater will be the chanical advantage or disadvantage of the direction
ease with which he will effect his purpose. Experi- in which his power is applied, this is a subject which
ment has shown, that in the cases to which we have comes fairly within the province of Mechanics, and
above alluded, although a horse may draw in a may be determined with all the precision appertaining
circle of 18 feet diameter, it will be much better if to that branch of science, and on the principles illus-
the diameter be extended to 25 or 30 feet, and even trated in our treatise of Dynamics.


ANIMALLY, or ANIMALAYA (Elephant-hill), a town

moderation were pleased to excommunicate every man, who disin the district of Coimbetoor, Hindostan,on the west side agreed with them in the smallest article of their political creed. of the river Alima, 18 miles from Coimbetoor, and 35

Examiner, No. 19. from Daraporum. Great numbers of elephants are found What can be imagined more trivial than the difference between in the neighbourhood. It consists of about 400 houses.

one colour of livery and another in horse-races ? Yet this differ

ence begat two most inveterate factions in the Greek empire, the
ANIME, a resinous substance which is procured Prasini and Veneti, who never suspended their animosities till
from the Hymenæa Courbaril of Linnæus, a tree found they ruined that unhappy government.
in New Spain, the Brazils, &c. A superior kind is

Hume's Essays.
sometimes imported from the east. ANIME' is also an ANINGA, in Commerce, a root, the produce of the
Heraldic term for the blazoning of the eyes of fero- Caribbee islands, which is a valuable substitute for
cious animals, otherwise called incensed.

the arsenic formerly used in the refinement of sugar.
ANIMOS'ITY, Lat. Animosus, from Anima, met.

ANIO, or Asien, in Ancient Geography, a river of

Italy, now the Teverone, supposed to have received
Fulness, warmth of spirit; vehemence of passion. its name from Anius, king of Etruria, being drowned
Applied where the passion is malevolent.

in its waters ; and which falls into the Tiber, five
How apt nature is, even in those who profess an eminence in

miles north of Rome. Plin, iii. 12. Virg. Æn. vii. holiness, to raise and maintain animosities against those, whose

683, &c.
calling or person they pretend to find cause to dislike.

ANISUM, or ANISE-SEED, in Botany, a genus of
Bp. Hall's Letter of Apology. plants belonging to the class Pentandria, and order
You shall hear them pretending to bewail the animositics kept up Digynia. A distilled water, and essential oil are pro-
þetween the Church of England and Dissenters, where the differences cured from the seeds of this plant ; which are also
in opinion are so few and inconsiderable; yet, these very sons of used without preparation as a stomachic.


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ANI ANITORGIS, in Ancient Geography, a city of And he toke bym by the ryght hande, & lyfte hym up. And in- Ate TORGIS. Hispania Bætica, in the vicinity of which a battle

mediatly his fete and ancle-bones receaued strēgth.

Bible, 1539, Actes üi.

was fought between Asdrubal and Scipio. Liv. xxv.

These manacles upon my arm
ANJENGO, a town and fortress of Hindostan, in

I, as my mistress' favours, wear;

And for to keep my ancles warm,
Travancore, from which place it is distant 40 miles,

I have some iron shackles there.
and 70 from Cape Comorin. The fort was built by

Loyalty confined. Percy's Reliques, F. ii. p. 335.
the English, in the year 1695 ; and this place com Niece.

a tolerable inan,
mands the
pepper market of the country. The native

Now I distinctly read him.
inhabitants of the town are described as extremely

SIR GR, Hum, bum, hum. rude and unpolished, and the place abounds with noxi

Niece. Say he be black, he's of a very good pitch,

Well ankled, two good confident calves. ous reptiles. Towards the latter end of the seventeenth

Beaumont and Fletcher. Wit at several Weapons. century, a most cruel and barbarous massacre of the

The next circumstance which I shall mention, under this bead of English settlers, by the Moplays, took place here, muscular

arrangement, is so decisive a mark of intention, that i during a visit of ceremony which they paid to the always appeared to me, to supersede, in some measure, the necesqueen of the Autinga.

sity of seeking for any other observation upon the subject : and ANJOU, an ancient province of France, now divided that circumstance is, the tendons, which pass from the leg to the into the departments of the Maine and Loire, the foot, being bound down by a ligament at the ancle.

Paley's Natural Theology, 156.
Loire Inferieure, the Vendée, the Indre and Loire, the
Sarthe, the Ille and Vilaine, the Mayenne, and the

ANKOBER, the capital town of the province of
Deux Sevres. The entire district contains about 256 Efat, in Abyssinia. It is the residence of a prince,
French square miles, and is watered by upwards of who has rendered himself entirely independent.
forty rivers. When it formed a distinct province, it

ANN,ST. a river of North America, in Lower Canada, was divided into two parts, the Upper and Lower which rises in the mountains of Quebec. Thence Anjou. The lands of this district are very fruitful in flowing in a southerly direction for some miles, it all sorts of grain, fruits, hemp, and flax ; there are also strikes off to the S. E. and after a course of 70 miles, excellent pastures and rich vineyards. A considerable falls into the St. Lawrence. It is 400 yards broad at portion of the wine produced from the latter is distilled its mouth ; but the navigation is much impeded by into brandy, which finds its principal markets at Nantes rapid falls. On the eastern bank, near its mouth, and Paris. Anjou contains likewise mines of coal there is a village of this name, and at its entrance (which are not, however, very productive from the into the St. Lawrence, are the fertile islands St. Marawkward situation of the strata), lead, and tin; and garet, St. Ignace, Dutarge, and Durable. There is also several marble quarries. The manufactures are camlets, another river of this name, flowing from the north, serges, wax, glass, saltpetre, refined sugar, leather, and falling into the St. Lawrence, opposite the island light stuffs of various kinds, and paper. The chief of Orleans, Also a lake in Upper Canada, N. of Lake town is Angers, and the population was taken, prior Superior, which empties itself into the James's bay, to the revolution, at upwards of 90,000 families. through the waters of Albany river. ANKER, or Anchor, in Commerce, a liquid mea

Ann, Sr. a town of Parana, in South America, in sure used in Holland, principally at Amsterdam. It the eastern division of Paraguay. It is the chief town is the fourth part of an awn, containing two stekans, of the province. or thirty-two mengles, the mengle being equivalent to

Ann, Cape, a small town of North America, in the two pints, Paris measure.

state of Massachusetts, 20 miles from Boston. ANKLAM, an important town of Sweden, in Pome. Ann, Fort, a fort of North America, in the state rania, 36 miles from Stralsund. It is the chief town

of New York, at the head of the Batteaux nani. of the circle of the same name. Here are two gation, on Wood creek; 10 miles from Fort Geort, churches, three hospitals, and an endowed grammar- and 12 from Fort Edward, on the Hudson, or Nord school. The minister of the church of St. Nicholas, is river. superintendant of the Anklam synod. The harbour of Ann ARUNDEL, a county of Maryland, United States

, Anklam is well adapted for commerce; there are se- lying between the rivers Patuxent and Patapsco, N.W. veral yearly fairs or markets here, which are much of the Chesapeak. Annapolis is the capital. frequented, and some flourishing woollen and stuff ANN, ANNAT, or ANNATES, an ecclesiastical tax of manufactories. In the year 1720, it was ceded to

the value of every spiritual benefice for one year, Prussia by the Swedes; and in 1762, its fortifications which the pope formerly levied throughout Christenwere entirely destroyed during the seven years war of dom, on issuing bulls to the new incumbent

. Its Frederic the Great. It belongs at present to Sweden. origin is very obscure ; some writers have traced it to Population 4,000.

Anthonine, bishop of Ephesus, in the fifth century, ubo ANʼKLE, n.

A.S. Ancleop, Ger. Enckel, which imposed a tax of this kind on all the prelaies be AN'KLED,

Wachter thinks is the diminutive consecrated. According to Hume, it was first lenied An'KLE-BONE.

of Anke ; the bone at the bottom of in England, by Clement V., in the reign of Edward .. the leg, by which it rests upon the foot.

but Blackstone ascribes the introduction of this impost As Haunch is the part by which the lower limbs are

to the usurpation of Pandulph, the pope's legate, is hankyd or hanged (from Hangan, A. S.) upon the body the reigns of King John and Henry III. In the exibeor trunk, so încle-bone may be the bone by which the quer is still preserved a valuation of them, by combi foot is hankyd or hanged to the leg.

sion, from Nicholas III., A.D. 1292. At this peria'

however, they would appear to have been but partialis In the name of Jesus Chryst of Nazareth, ryse vp and walke. levieil, principally in the see of Norwich. Blackstage




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ANN. agrees with Mr. Hume, that it was only in the time of dictator, consul, or prætor drove annually into the AN

Clement V. that they were first attempted to be made temple of Jupiter, upon the ides of September, to inark NALIS, universal in England. Though, strictly, the annates the number of years.

ANNAwas only to amount to a year's income of the new in Annalis Lex, in Antiquity, a Roman law, appoint- MOOKA. cumbent, it frequently was increased by the efforts of ing the age at which a citizen should be eligible to the papal agents, and their accessibility to the intrigues exercise any office of state. This law was brought from of the clergy, to much more than the actual value ; Athens by the tribune L. Villius, on which account while, in other cases, it was comprised for much himself and posterity were distinguished by the surless. In the reign of Henry VIII. it was transferred name of Annalis. Liv. xl. c. 43. Quintil. vi. 86. by statute to the king, and regularly received by the ANNALIZE, v. Lat. Annalis, from Annus, a crown, under the name of first fruits, until the time AN'NALIST, year. of Queen Anne, when the entire amount of this tax AN'NAL.

To recite events chronologiwas appropriated to the augmentation of poor livings, cally, in the years in which they happened. under the name of Queen Anne's Bounty. See First

For among so many writers there hath yet none to my knowledge Fruits. In Scotland, the ann, or annat, is a half published any full, playne and meere Englishe historie. For some year's income of the benefice enjoyed by the widow, of them of purpose meaning to write short notes in maner of Anchildren, or representatives of a deceased clergyman. nales .cornmonly called Abridgementes, rather touch the tymes If he die without children, the widow receives one half when things were done, then declare the maner of the doyngs.

Grafton. Epistle to Sir Wm. Cecil. of the annat, and the nearest relatives of the deceased the other; if there are children, she receives one-third,

The miracle is deserving a Baronius to annalize it.

Sheldon, on Antichrist.
and they two-thirds ; if children only are left, they
obtain the entire amount.

He that can prevail with himself to believe this, I do not see why
ANNA, or Ana, in Arabia Deserta. See Ana.

he may not as well admit, that if there were made innumerable

figures of the one and twenty letters, in gold, suppose, or any other Anna, in Ancient Geography, the name of a town

metal, and these well shaken and mixed together, and thrown down in the Holy Land, N. of Jericho, called by Josephus, from some light place to the ground, they when they lighted upon Aina. Also a town of Lydia, sometimes written Anaia. the earth, would be so disposed and ranked, that a man might see

Anna Liffey, or Liffen, a river of Ireland, which and read in them Ennius's Annals. runs in the county of Wicklow; and passing through

Ray's Wisdom of God in the Creation. Kildare, runs through the Leinster aqueduct, under The rapid progress of conquest, which we so much admire in the grand canal, and falls in a cascade down the rock ancient history, was here renewed in modern annals.

Hume's History of England. of Leixlip. Thence pursuing its course, it passes through the county and city of Dublin, and finally He [Ethelwolf) gave to Ethelstan his brother, or son, as some empties its waters into the Dublin bay.

write, the kingdom of Kent and Essex. But the Saxon annalist, ANNABERG, ST. a town of Saxony, in the circle of and Sussex, were bequeathed to Ethelstan by Ecbert his father.

whose authority is elder, saith plainly, that both these countries the Erzgeberg, in Misnia, 21 miles from Freyberg, and

Milton's Hist. of England. 36 from Dresden, with a population of about 4,500

Goddesse, should I from their original inhabitants, many of whom are employed in the mines,

Our sufferings tell, should you give eare to all which have long been famous in the neighbourhood : The Annals of our toyles; approaching Night but they are said to be now nearly exhausted. The First in Olympus would inclose the light. manufacture of lace also employs a great number

Sandys. Virgil's Æneis, book i. of women in this town. Here are a mint-office, a Could you with Patience peace, or I relate, public academy, an orphan-house, and a very large O Nymph! the tedions Annals of our Fate ! machine for the twisting of red silk. Not far from the

Thro’ such a train of Woes if I shou'd run, town there is an immense basaltic rock, called the Pil

The day would sooner than the tale be done !

Dryden. berg ; the Schreckenberg, another hill in the vicinity, at one time contained a mine of silver, now disused. A ANNAMABOE, a town of Africa, on the gold great part of the town was burnt down in the year 1731. coast, formerly the great market of the slave trade. ANNABON. See ANNOBON.

It is a strongly fortified place, having a port, which, ANNAH, a well-built town of Turkey, in Asia, in in 1808, with only a British garrison of 30 men, withthe government of Bagdad, situated on the E. bank of stood the attacks of 20,000 Ashantees, who were the river Euphrates, about 150 miles from Bagdad. compelled to raise the siege and retire.

ANNALE, in some authors of the middle ages, has ANNAMOOKA, or ROTTERDAM, an island in the the same meaning with anniversarium ; that is, a day South Pacific Ocean, being one of those called the held yearly in commemoration of the dead. But it is Friendly islands, in W. lon. 174°, 38', and S. lat. 20°. more peculiarly applicable to the masses for the dead It was discovered in the year 1643 by the celebrated celebrated for a year.

Dutch navigator, Tasman, and has been frequently ANNALES, in old writers, is a term used to denote visited by Europeans since. Captain Cook was here yearlings, or young cattle of a year old.

in 1774, and again in 1777 ; Captain Bligh, in the ANNALES Libri, in the Civil Law, are books con- Bounty, in 1789, and Captain Edwards twice in the taining the whole proceedings and acts of a year, in year 1791. It is of a triangular form, from 10 to 12 which it stands in opposition to semestres libri, which miles round, and of similar character and productions contain the constitution and acts of six months. with the whole group of the Friendly Islands, which

ANNALIS BACULI, a kind of almanack made of see. In the centre is a large salt water lake. The wood, used by our forefathers, who denominated them shores of this island are often dangerous to reach for clogs, or rumstocks.

the sand-banks and islets which surround them ; but ANNALIS Clavus, in Antiquity, the nail which hte the ships, in passing, generally call for wood, of which,

ANNA- and of yams and various useful vegetables, this island nally founded under the name of Severn, by the ANNAMOOKA. contains a great abundance. There is one tree here, remains of an army settled here in the reign of Queen POLIS

. however, called by the natives Faitanoo, of which the Anne. The French occupied it for a short time about


navigator should be warned. It is a species of pepper, the year 1605 ; but they were driven out of it by the POLIS.

and so inflammatory to the eyes and any of the part of English. The county of this name, which lies on the
the body with which it comes in contact, that the most banks of the river Annapolis, contains five townships.
violent effects have frequently been produced by the ANNE, ST. of Sleswick Holstein, a Russian order,
attempting to cut it down. The inhabitants of this instituted in the year 1738 by the czar Charles VI.
island are extremely rapacious, and of a more licentious The motto of the order is “Amantibus justitiam pieta-
disposition than those of the rest of the group. tem fidem ;” and its badge, four large rubies set in

ANNAN, a sea-port town of Scotland, in the county gold, the angles between the cross set with diamonds,
of Dumfries, situated on a river of the same name, and and on the centre a medallion with the figure of St.
the capital of Annandale. It is 14 miles from Dum- Anne.
fries, and 56 from Edinburgh; the borough contains a ANNE, St. the name of a port on the eastern coast of
population of about 2,500, but the entire parish upwards Cape Breton island. Also the name of one of the prin-
of 3,300 inhabitants. This is a royal burgh, and cipal towns in the province of New Brunswick.
sends a member to parliament in conjunction with ANNEAL', v. 2 A. S. An-ælan, alan, to heat, to
Dumfries, Kirkcudbright, Lochmaben, and Sanquhar. ANNEAL'ING. I burn.
The harbour is good, and the port has 16 vessels Assub, he saith, is thilke same,
belonging to it, many of which are employed in the The whiche in sondrie place is founde,

Whan it is fall downe to grounde
country trade, and in the salmon fishery, at the mouth

So as the fire it hatli aneled, of the river, across which there is a bridge of five

Like vnto slime, whiche is congeled.
arches, near the town. There is a cotton manufacture

Gower. Con. A. book vii.
at Annan, driven by water, and many weavers in the It is much suspected aneyling of glass, especially of yellow, is
adjoining new village of Bridekirk. Annan was, as is lost in our age, as to the perfection thereof.
supposed, a Roman station, several coins and other

Fuller's Worthies. Kent.
antiquities having been dug up on both sides the river. So faultless was the frame, as if the whole

Haci been an emanation of the soul;
In later times, the town was a considerable resort of

Which her own inward symmetry reveal'd,
the border warriors and robbers; and there are still to

And like a picture shone, in glass anneal d. be seen the ruins of a castle, built by the ancestors of

Dryden's Epitaph. xii. the celebrated King Robert Bruce, who acquired it, ANNEALING, or NEALING. See USEFUL ARTS, together with the neighbouring territory, as a fief. Div. ii. The river Annan, which contains abundance of salmon ANNECY, or Anneci, a town of the duchy of and trout, rises in the county of Peebles, and flowing Genevois, the largest of all the Savoy part of the through Dumfriesshire, falls into the Solway Frith, duchy, of which it is the capital. It is 30 miles from after a course of about 30 miles.

Chamberry, in a delightful country, at the extremity ANNANDALE, a district or stewartry, on the banks of a lake of the same name, on the road between of the above river, about 30 miles in length, and from Chamberry and Geneva, and contains a population of 15 to 18 in breadth. It is but partially cultivated, but about 3,440 inhabitants. The canal of Thioux runs contains abundant evidence of its former importance. through the town, in its passage from the lake to the During the Roman domination, it was comprehended river Sier. The lake of Annecy is about 13 miles in in the province of Valentia. Numerous fortresses were length, and above two in breadth. It is principally also erected upon it by the borderers, both English formed of the snows of the Alps, which rush into it in and Scotch.

copious streams, and is very deep and cold. ANNAPOLIS, a town of North America, on the river ANNERY, one of the Asiatic tribes of the desert Severn, in the state of Maryland, of which it is the W. of Palmyra, who rear some of the noblest horses capital. It is at present a small but thriving city, of those regions, and perhaps of the world. advantageously situated on the borders of the Chesa

ANNET, one of the Scilly isles, about a mile from peak bay; and the inhabitants are, for the most part, St. Agnes. It is at present entirely uninhabited ; but reckoned wealthy. The state-house is in the centre of the foundations of buildings are sometimes to be seen the town, from which well-built streets branch off in at low water, besides several stone basons; these are all directions. Distant 30 miles S. of Baltimore, and conjectured, but without any certain authority, to be 32 E. by N. of Washington.

Druidical remains. ANNAPOLIS ROYAL, originally called Port Royal, by ANNEX', v. the French, is a handsome town of Nova Scotia, stand ANNEX', n. Annecto, annexum; from ad, ing at the mouth of a sinall river of the same name, ANNEX'ARY, necto, to knit, or bind to. and having one of the finest natural ports in the world. ANNEXA'TION, To bind, fasten, or unite to; in The basin is large enough to contain several hundred ANNEX'ION, addition to. ships, being two miles in length by about one broad; Axxex'MENT. nor has it anywhere less than four or five fathoms of

If loue be searched well and sought water; in most places six or seven ; and on one side as It is a sicknesse of the thought much as 18 fathoms. In the centre is Goat island, Annexed and knedde betwixt tweine which, with the mouth of the harbour, is frequently

With male and female with o cheine.

Chaucer. The Romaunt of the Rose, fo. 138. c. 4. enveloped in fogs. There is a fort here, manned by

Perchaunce there bee manye that are desirous of dignitie, but for about 100 men. The city has some excellent houses, al that thei weigh not with theselfes, what carke and care dignitie but is at present rather small in extent. It was origi- hath annexed ynto it,

Udall. 1 Timothie, cap. iii.

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I made these wars for Egypt:-and the queen,

structive rage of the barbarous nations, was the greatest, as well as ANNIHIWhose heart I thought I had, for she had mine,

the most beautiful city in Europe Robertson's State of Europe, LATE. AN NIHI. Which whilst it was mine, had annex't unto't

If it be allowed then that space is a substance, it is either created
A million more now lost. She, Eros, has

or increated. Surely it cannot be a created substance, because we ANNOPack'd cards with Cæsar, and false playd my glory

cannot conceive it possible to be created, since we cannot conceive BON, Unto an enemy's triumph.

it as non-existent and creatable, which may be conceived concerning Shakespeare's Ant. and Cleo. act iv, sc. 12. every created being. Nor can we conceive it properly as annihi

lated or annihilable, which we may suppose of every creature.
He (Satan) hath endeavoured to make the world believe, that

Watts's Phil. Essays.
he was God himself; and failing of his first attempt to be but like
the highest in heaven, he hath obtained with men, to be the same Annihilation, in a theological sense, is, perhaps,
on earth. And hath accordingly assumed the annexes of divinity.

as difficult to human comprehension as creation itself,
Brown's Vulgar Errours.

its opposite. Hence, among the profoundest philoso-
My worthy kinsman, Mr. Samuel Barton, archdeacon of Glou-
cester, knowing in how good terms I stood at court, and pitying the phers of the heathen world, neither idea seems to have
miserable condition of his native church of Wolverhampton, was been brought into discussion, for a real First Cause
very desirous to engage me in so difficult and noble a service, as the
redemption of that captivated church. For which cause he impor- teaches that a succession of annihilations has already

was no part of their system. The Brahminical faith
tuned me to move some of my friends, to solicit the dean of Wind-
sor, who by an ancient annexation is patron thereof, for the grant taken place in the material system of the universe;
of a particular prebend, when it should fall vacant in that church, and will continue, at intervals, eternally. The Siamese

Bp. Hall's Account of Himself, consider personal annihilation the greatest possible re-
And lo! behold these talents of their hair,

ward of virtue.
With twisted metal amorously impleach'd,
I have received from many a several fair,

Among Christian writers, the subject of annihilation
With the annexions of fair gems enrich'd.

has been a fruitful source of controversy. Some writers
Shakespeare's Lover's Complaint, have argued for its being abstractedly impossible even

It is a massie wheele
Fixt on the sommet of the highest mount,

to Deity; while others have contended that it must be
"To whose huge spoakes, ten thousand lesser things

the easiest of all operations, or rather that it needs no Are mortiz'd and adioyn'd: which when it falles,

exertion whatever, on the part of God, all things havEach small annexment, pettie consequence

ing a tendency to destruction, and infinite power being Attends the boystrous ruine.

Id. Hamlet, act ii.

required to uphold them. Such speculations it would Industry hath annexed thereto, by divine appointment and pro

seem impossible, to finite minds, to set at rest. They mise, the fairest fruits, and the richest rewards.

Barrow's Sermons.

arise out of that most unanswerable of all questions, [The lay people of all sorts] enroll themselves into one or more What is possible or impossible to Omnipotence? Mr. of these societies, approaching so much nearer to the state of the Evans, in his popular Sketch of the Denominations of clergy; unto which sundry of them are no other than annexaries.

the Christian World, has introduced an account of a sect
Sir E. Sandys. State of Religion.

called Destructionists, who contend, with some learned
God hath annexed particular duties to particular talents. He hath
given us the latter, that we may observe the former.

men of former times, for the annihilation of the wicked

Gilpin's Sermons. as their final punishment; and so understand all the
When it was wished to confer an English title upon a noble fa-
mily of Scotland, the eldest son of the Scotch peer was created in passages of Scripture, which speak of their being de-
his father's life-time an English peer, and this creation was not af-

stroyed, &c.
fected by the annexation by inheritance of the Scotch peerage.

ANNIVER'SARY, n. Annus, a year ;

Blackstone's Commentaries.

ANNIVER'SARY, adj. verto, to turn.
ANNIHILATE, v. Ad: Nihilum, to nothing.


That which returns at
ANNI'HILATE, adj. To bring to nothing ; to


the end of the year ; or ANNIHILATION, take away the being or exist- yearly.

ANNI'HILABLE. ence ; to deprive of power And soon after dyed dame Blaunche, somtyme the wyfe of
or efficacy.

Henry duke of Lācastre, and was buryed at Poules vpon the northe
Suche lawes made by hym, as kyng Henry the sixt, had caused syde of the hyghe aulter, by her husbande; where she ordeyned
to be abrogated and adnichilated, he (Edward the IV.] agayne re for hym and her-iiii.chaūtres for euer, and an annyuersarye yerely
uiued and renouated.
Hall. Ed. 4. fo. 226. to be kept.

Fabyan, p. 480.
Duryng the tyme of this ciuill and intestine war he (Edward the
fourthé] caused all statutes and ordinaunces made by kynge Henry tory of Daiphantus before the city Hyampolis; and not only we

We verily (as you know well enough) make feasts for the vic-
the sixte (whiche either touched his title or his profite) to bee ad- keep yearly holiday then, but also the whole country of Phocis
nihilate and frustrate.

Id, Ib. fo. 189. - Spirits that live throughout

(upon that anniversary day) is full of sacrifices and due honours.

Holland's Plutarch's Morals.
Vital in every part, not as frail man

Shall an anniverse
In entrails, heart or head, liver or reins,

Be kept with ostentation to rehearse
Cannot but by annihilating die.

A mortal prince's birth-day, or repeat
Milton's Par. Lost, book vi.

An eighty-eight, or powder-plot's defeat?
In vain, therefore, dost thou seek to delude me with these pre-

Hale, on Christmas Day, 1658.
tences of indemnity and annihilation ; since it cannot but stand
with the mercy and justice of the Almighty, to dispose of every soul

I find, upon inquiry, that on the anniversary of the revolution in
according to what they have been, and what they have done.

1688, a club of dissenters, but of what denomination I know not, Bp. Hall's Satan's Fiery Darts Quenched.

have long had the custom of hearing a sermon in one of their
It must in reason be supposed, that this Jupiter or Universal churches.

Burke, on the French Revolution.
Numen of the world, was honoured by these stoics far above all

When Nicanor, the deadly enemy of the Jews, was discomfited
their other particular gods; he being acknowledged by them to

and slain, a day was appointed by public authority, next before have been the maker or creator of them as well as the whole world; Mordekee's fcast, to be kept anniversarily sacred unto the memory and the only eternal and immortal God; all those other gods, as

of that deliverance and victory. Bp. Hall's Polemnical Works.
hath been already declared, being as well corruptible, mortal, and ANNOBON, an island of Africa, about 300 miles
annihilable; as they were generated or created.

W. of Cape Lopez, on the coast of Congo, in E. lon.
Cudworth's Intellectual System.
Though the military spirit had been long extinct in the eastern 5°, 30', and S. lat. 1°, 32'. It is inhabited by a mixed
empire, and a despotism of the worst species had annihilated almost race of Portuguese and Negroes; and abounds with
every public virtue, yet Constantinople, having never felt the de- cattle and fruits of various kinds.

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