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ANIBAP- town); and Matthias is said even to have prescribed the This fanatic was permitted to add one more unhappy ANABAPTISTS. dishes, of which he partook in common with his fol- proof, of the extravagance of which the human mind is TISTS.

lowers. He now developed talents of no ordinary kind capable, while professing to act under the most sacred as a military commander, and shared with the lowest sanctions. Doubts were hinted by the public teachers of the people the various labours he enjoined. Every of the obligations of matrimony, and the ineligibility of one capable of bearing arms was trained to military the restraint of taking no more wives than one, At duty, and every hand that could assist, obliged to work length it was declared to be an invasion of spiritual upon the fortification of the city, or in replenishing the liberty, and the new monarch himself confirmed the magazines. Messengers were dispatched, as long as warering, and awed the fearful, by marrying at once it was safe, into the country, to invite their brethren three wives. Only one of them, however, (the widow to come to their aid, and share their triumphs ; the of his predecessor), was dignified with the title of city of Munster being now dignified with the title of queen. "Freedom of divorce, and the most unbridled Blount Sion, and the most confident assurances held licentiousness followed this vile example among the out to the various branches of the sect in Germany and people; every good man in Germany secretly trusted the Low Countries, that from this favoured spot their that such a scene could not long be suffered to disgrace leaders would shortly go forth to the conquest of all the Christian name, and the German princes hastened nations.

to afford the bishop new succours. In May 1535, the Count Waldeck was at this time the bishop and siege was converted into a close blockade; but the sovereign of Munster, and possessed both energy and vigilance of Boccold had left no point unguarded. experience as a general. He surrounded the city in Famine, however, gradually threatened the besieged; about three months with a considerable army. Scarcely, their supplies were uniformly interrupted; the greatest however, had they encamped, before Matthias sallied horrors were suffered; and the courage of some of the out with a chosen band, and putting a large party of the sect began to fail. While new visions and revelations besiegers to the sword, returned into the city with great still sustained the faith of the multitude, Boccold found exultation, and a valuable booty. The next day he it necessary to make severe examples occasionally of was determined to venture his whole success on his the unbelieving; and, in the presence of all his family, spiritual pretensions, and declared that, after the ex cut off the head of one of his wives with his own hands, ample of the chosen servant of heaven of old, Gideon, for daring to express some doubts of his divine auhe would go forth with only thirty of his men, and thority. But a deserter from the besiegers, who had overthrow the host of his enemies. The daring part of been taken into the service of the Anabaptists, had

his pledge he fulfilled; his associates, who "felt them- discovered a part of the fortifications rather weaker Latthias selves honoured by the selection, as willingly followed than the rest, and carried the intelligence to the bihim, and they were all cut to pieces.

shop's camp. Entrusted with the direction of a small This utter failure of their leader made a considerable detachment (June 24), he ascended the wall and seized momentary sensation in the city; but his wary and am one of the gates; an advantage which, being observed bitious coadjutor, Boccold, quickly raised the drooping from their entrenchments, was instantly followed up

His measures at first were entirely defensive; by the main body of the besieging army, and though but he was too well formed to sustain his present as the Anabaptists defended themselves with all the frantic cendancy, to suffer any feeling of torpidity, or even courage of enthusiasm and despair, the greater part of common calmness to take possession of the minds of them were put to the sword, and the whole town subhis followers. Visions and various predictions had an dued to its rightful sovereign in the course of the day. nounced some great event to be approaching, when Boc- Boccold and Chipperdoling were among the few pri- Boccold cold stript himself naked, and ran through the city, pro soners that were taken. The former was instantly taken, and claiming, “That the kingdom of Sion was at hand; the loaded with fetters, and, after having been paraded in the Ana

baptists put highest things on earth must be brought low, and the mock majesty through all the chief towns of the neighlowest exalted.” One of the first interpretations of this bourhood, was brought back to Munster, and exposed injunction was the levelling of the churches to the to the most excruciating tortures. These he bore with ground; another, the degrading the most respectable great firmness; and though but twenty-six years of of his associates, Chipperdoling, to the office of com age at his death, retained to the very last an undimimon-hangmen; a third was to be still more formally nished superiority over his sufferings, and an unshaken announced. In the month of June it was declared by profession of the principles of his party.. Thus, after a fellow-prophet, to be revealed to him from heaven, a precarious and disgraceful dominion of fifteen months,

that John Boccold was called to the throne of David, ended the kingdom of the Anabaptists at Munster. taimed and must be forth with proclaimed king in Sion. Boc- During the whole period of its continuance, the re

cold solemnly, and on his knees, declared the same im- formers of Wittemberg earnestly testified against its portant circumstance to have been communicated to him- spirit, and stimulated the princes of Germany to put self; and that he humbly accepted the divine intimation. them down. “ It is my singular satisfaction to find," In the presence of the assembled citizens he was now says Luther to the Elector Frederic, " that these madhailed as their monarch, and appeared in all the pomp men openly boast that they do not belong to us, and of his new dignity. He clothed himself in purple, that they have neither learnt nor received any thing and wore a superb crown; a bible was publicly carried from us.” (Dupin, and after him Dr. Robertson, speaks before him in one hand, and a drawn sword in the of the first Anabaptists as disciples of Luther; for

He coined money, bearing his own likeness; which, however, there appears to be no authority.) appointed body guards, officers of state and of his “ They have been conversing with God for the space household, and nominated twelve judges of the people of three years. They reckon little of our teaching in imitation of the judges of Israel.

faith, charity, and the cross, at Wittemberg."-" It is




ANABAP- not my wish that any persons, no not even these fa- pressly condemned the ecclesiastico-political notions ANAPAP. TISTS. natics, should be hindered from preaching. Let them already described, and treats with much indignation Tists.

have free liberty to exhibit the best specimen they can the licentious tenets and extraordinary pretensions of ANACA

ANACHO THARSIS. of their erudition. Let them teach; but keep their the Anabaptist prophets. It is more than probable REITE

hands from violence: or, if they will persist in their that the discriminating principle of the Munster Anaferocious, seditious practices, it will then be your duty baptists (as far as any principles may be supposed to to restrain them, and without hesitation to banish have actuated a set of men who exhibited at last the them your dominions."

wildest excesses of evil passions), that of the abolition In what sense the Mennonite Baptists of Holland by force of all earthly government over the members can be correctly called “ the descendants of these of the Christian church, has been confounded with Anabaptists,” we know not; though Dr. Mosheim has their most obrious practice, that of adult baptism, and taken much pains to prove them so. They themselves that the former has been attributed abroad, as it was reject the appellation as an “odiosum nomen” (Schyn's for a great length of time in England, wherever the Hist. Mennonitarum plenior Deductio). Menno ex latter was avowed. See MENNONITES.

ANABASII, in Antiquity, couriers with important ANACEIA, in Grecian Antiquities, the festival of dispatches, who, for the greater expedition, travelled on Castor and Pollux, who were called Anaces, or Anactes, horseback, or in chariots.

by the Athenians, on account of the regard they were ANABASIS, in Botany, a genus of plants belonging supposed to have shown their city. Similar appellato the class Pentandria, and order Digynia.

tions were bestowed on some of the ancient Greek ANABATA, in Antiquity, a sacerdotal vest, or cope, families, who were said to have been descended from covering the shoulders and back of the priest.

their gods, and who claimed a share in the honour of
ANABATHRA (avaßaiw, I ascend), in Antiquity, having given rise to these feasts. CICERO de Nat.
stones placed on the public roads, and provided by the Deorum, iii. 21. PLUTARCH in Thes. &c.
inspectors, for the purpose of assisting horsemen in

mounting and alighting; similar, therefore, to the
horse-blocks of our own country. In a general sense,


ANACHORET'ICAL, it was applied to the steps by which any eminence was

Αναχωρητης, from ανα

ANCH'ORET, ascended.

Xwpew, to go away, to reAnch'ORITE,

tire. ANABLEPS, in Ichthyology, a species of Cobites,

An'cress, or

One who betakes hime frequenting the shores of Surinam.


self to solitudes.
ANABO, or ANABAO, one of the Molucca isles, sepa Axc'RE, or
rated from the south west shore of Timor by a canal only. AN'Chor.

ANABOLEUM (of ara and Ballo), in Antiquity,
any garment worn over the tunic, or coat.

Sometime I am religious,

Now like an anker in an hous.
ANABOLEUS, in Antiquity, an equerry, who assisted

Chaucer. The Romaunt of the Rose, fo. 146. ci. 1. his master to mount on horseback, bending down his

In praiers & in penaunces. putten hem manje back, from which his master raised himself into his seat. Al for pe love of our Lorde, lyvend ful harde It is also applied to various engines for mounting on

In hope to have a gode ende. & hevene rýche blysse
horseback with facility.

As ancres & eremites pt holden hem in bure cellys.
Vision of Peirs Plouhman, p.

ANACA, in Ornithology, a species of Psittacus, or
parrot, native of Guiana and Brazil.

Of this Dagobert is reportyd, that an holy ancre or heremyte of

Frauce, beinge in his medytacions, sbulde see a company of feendes ANACALYPTERIA (avaka urteev, to uncover), in which beynge in the see shuld have among them in a bote the soule Antiquity, festivals among the Greeks on the day when of Dagoberi, and were coveyinge it towarde peyne ; but this spirite a bride first laid aside her veil, and was seen in public; ceasyd not to cry, & to call to seynt Denys and his felawes for helpe, at which time she received presents from her husband's ve which lastly caine clad i whyte vestemets, and delyueryd şi sok le friends, to which the term has also been applied.

from ye peynes of his enemyes, & conueyed it vnto cuerlast ynge joy.

Fabyan, p. 116. ANACAMPTERIA, in Ecclesiastical History, small

Last of all he [Will. I.] fiered the citty of Mewre, and burnt it inns, or hospitals, built adjoining to the ancient churches, with our lady church, & two anchors that were inclosed there, who as receptacles for the poor.

perswaded themselues they ought not to forsake their honse and ANACAMPTICS (of ava and kauftw, I bend), in

caue in such extremitie.

Stowe's Chro. Howe's Ed. 1614. Pneumatics and Optics, a term that has sometimes been And it followed (saith Maurdine) as the virgine had spoken: applied to echoes, as reflecting back sound, and to which virgin vowed to live a religious life, and became an arcresse

at Crowland.

Catoptrics, or the science of reflecting rays.
ANACARDIUM, in Botany, a genus of plants be- of our piety, did not chuse an anchorite's or a monastique life, bat a

Our Saviour himself, the great author of our faith, and exemplar longing to the class Enneandria, and order Monogynia. sociable and atfable way of conversing with mortals. ANACATHARSIS (of ava and kalapouai, to purge

Boyle's Occasional Refiertions, scc. iv. dis 9. up), in Medicine, is generally used for expectoration of He (George Ripley) turned Carmelite at Saint Botolph's, in linpus, or mucus; or ANACATIARTICs are medicines colnshire, and died an anachronite in ihat fraternity in the year 1490. that promote expectoration in any way, or that work

Warton's Hist. of Eng. Poetry. upwards, in distinction from cathartics. ANACATHAR

Call not these wrinkles graves; if graves they were, sis has also been used among divines for the clearing

They were love's graves; or else be is no where.

Yet lies not love dead here, but here doth sit,
up of some obscure passage of Scripture, &c. by giving Vow'd to this trench, like an anachorit.
it an anagogical sense.

Donne's Elegy. The Aukumnub.

ACHÓ. Harold was not slain in the battel, but only wounded and lost his diction of the bishop, in case of great necessity." Fre- ANACHOBITE. left eye, and then escaped by flight to Chester, where he after- quently at this period would the monks of various RETTE. wards led a holy anchoret's life.

Baker's Chronicle.

abbies select from among them a brother who was No man needs to flatter, if he can live as nature did intend. And this is true, not only in those severe and anchoretical and philo; devote him to this entire seclusion, as an honour, and

thought to be most exemplary in his profession, and losophical persons, who lived meanly as a sheep, and without variety as the Baptist, but in the same proportion it is also true in every to give him the greater opportunity of indulging his man that can be contented with that which is honestly sufficient.

religious contemplations. A similar custom also obTaylor's Sermon's.

tained in the convents; and there are even many inWe also suspect the life of the Stylites, or anchorites of the pillar, stances of men who became anchorets in nunneries, bore some resemblance to a life led in caves; their bodies being secured, or screened from the sun's heat; and the air tbey breatlied

and of women in the abbies of monks. The bishop, in not being subject to great changes or inequalities.

the eighth and ninth centuries, generally presided at Bucon's Hist. of Conden. and Rarifactions. the ceremony of seclusion, which was as follows: ANACHORETS, or ANCHORETS, in Ecclesiastical His “ The anchorite was to be advised by the bishop, or tory, were a celebrated order of religious persons, who some other priest, to examine his conscience, whether generally passed their whole lives in cells, from which he acted from piety sincere, or feigned; and if the they never removed. These habitations were, in

many answer was favourable, the priest was, by the order of instances, entirely selected from all other abodes of men; the bishop, to shut him up. Provision was first to be sometimes in the depths of wildernesses, in pits, or in ca- made for his confession, and that, on the day preceding verns; at other times, we find several of these individuals the ceremony, he received the refection of bread and fixing their habitations in the neighbourhood of each water. On the night following he passed devout vigils other, when their cells were called by the collective in the church nearest the hermitage. On the morrow, name of laura, but they always lived personally separate, after an exhortation to the people and the anchoret, and in cells at some distance from each other. Thus the priest began a reponsory; and, upon the conclusion the laura was distinguished from the cænobium, or con of it, prostrated himself with his ministers, before the vent, where the monks formed themselves into a society, step of the altar, and said certain psalms. After these, and subsisted on a common stock; and the anchorite the mass was celebrated in the neighbouring church, differed from a hermit (though his abode was frequently and an especial prayer said for the anchoret. After the called a hermitage), in that the latter ranged about at gospel, he offered a taper, which was to burn upon the liberty, while the former rarely, and in many instances altar at the mass. The anchoret then read the schenever, quitted his cell. But a convent would sometimes dule of his profession (which consisted only of the vows be surrounded by a laura, to which the more devout, of obedience, chastity, and stedfastness) at the step of or the more idle of the monks would ultimately retire. the altar; and if he was a layman, the priest read it To Paul, the hermit, the distinction is assigned of having for him. He then made a sign of his intention, and first devoted himself to this kind of solitude.

offered it upon the altar, kneeling. The priest conThe order of Anachorites in Egypt and in Syria, secrated the habit, and sprinkled that and the anchoret comprehended in the first instance, all those hermits with holy water. Then followed mass and litany; after of the desert who abandoned the ordinary abodes which they went in procession to the hermitage. The of mankind, and wandered amongst the rocks and priest took him by the right hand and led him to the haunts of wild beasts, nourishing themselves with house, which was then blessed and shut from without. roots and herbs that grew spontaneously, and reposing The priest, with the assistants, retired, leaving the wherever they were overtook by night. Amongst these anchoret within, and advised the standers-by to pray early Anachorites, Simeon Stylites, who lived at the for him.” FosBROOK E's Monachism, 4to. 1817. close of the fourth century, will ever occupy a wretched These cells, according to some rules, were to be immortality. Having passed a long and severe novici- only twelve feet square, of stone, and with three winate in a monastery, which he entered at the age of dows. The door was locked upon the anchoret, and thirteen, this devotee contrived, within the space of often walled up. One of the windows, when they were a mandarin, or circle of stones to which he was confined attached (as they now frequently were) to the building by a heavy chain, to ascend a column, gradually raised of an abbey or monastery, generally formed the choir, from nine to sixty feet in height, on the top of which he and through it the sacrament was received; another passed thirty years of his life, and died of an ulcer in was devoted to the reception of food; and the third for his thigh, without descending from it. Crowds of lights, being clothed with horn or glass. Thus affixed, pilgrims from Gaul to India are said to have thronged they were called anchor-hotels, anchor-houses, and around his pillar, and to have been proud to supply his destina, as that which is said to have been occupied by necessities.

St. Dunstan, at Glastonbury; and which, according to In succeeding ages, the order of anchorets assumed Osbern, in his life of that monk, was not more than a more entire distinction from that of hermits, and five feet long, two feet and a half broad, and barely other religious, and was regulated by its own rules, the height of a man. Here it became a merit to Early in the seventh century, the councils began to notice invent ingenious self-torture. The recluse would in and to modify this kind of life. “ Those who affect to some cases vow eternal silence, and never see any be anchorets," say the Trullan Canons, “ shall first for individual of his own species except the monk who three years be confined to a cell in a monastery; and brought him his food; he would wear old corslets of if, after this, they profess that they persist, let them mail, chains, and heavy bracelets, and collars of iron be examined by the bishop, or abbot; let them live round his neck, and immerge himself (as in the instance one year at large; and if they still approve of their of the “holy and solitary" Wulfric of Haselborough, first choice, let them be confined to their cell, and not mentioned by Matthew Paris) in a tub of cold water, be permitted to go out of it, but by consent and bene- at night, to say the psalter.



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ANACHO In this country it was strictly enacted, according to manly orthopale, and the other contests, in which the Anacin

RETTE. Lyndwood, that no anchoret or anchoress should be put champions stood erect.

into any place. 1. Without special leave of the dio ANACLINTERIA, in Antiquity, pillows upon which NOPALE. cesan.

2. Due consideration of the situation. 3. The the guests used to lean, and which formed an important per quality of the person; and 4. The means of support. part of the furniture of the dining couch. The trieliThese last were derived either from his personal fortune, nary couch had a pillow at the head and feet, another or manual labour; the friends of the religious house at the back, and another at the breast. Some authors to which his cell was attached; or the offerings of the confine this term to that on which the head rested ocneighbourhood. If these circumstances were not pro- casionally, others to that which supported the back. perly regarded, the bishop might be compelled to For more upon these ancient postures at meals, see the maintain him.

article AccuBATION. ANACH'RONISM, From Ava, and

ANACOLLEMA, in Medicine, an application of χρονος,


drying, or astringent substances to the forehead, for Deviation from the order of time.

defuxions of the eyes.

ANACOSTE, or Anascote, in Commerce, a kind of There are in Scripture of things that are seemingly confus'd, carrying semblance of contrariety, anachronisms, metachronisms, and woollen-diaper stuff somewhat resembling serge, but the like, which brings infinite obscurity to the text.

with less knap upon it, about a French ell in width,

Hale's Golden Remains. and sold in pieces containing about 20 ells. It is a The dresses and buildings of the time, are preserved, though by manufactory of the Austrian Netherlands, and Leyden frequent anachronisms applied to the ages of Scripture ; and the in Holland, and is principally consumed in Spain, gold and colours are of the greatest brightness and beauty.

where it is in great request. Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting. ANACREONETIC, in Poetry, a name frequently Among the anachronistic improprieties which this poem contains, given, after Anacreon, the father of convivial and amathe most conspicuous is the fiction of Hector's sepulchre.

torial lyrics, to this species of composition. In our Warton's English Poets.

country, except in the instance of Mr. Thomas Moore, ANACHYTIS, in Natural History, a species of it has been cultivated with little success; the structure worms, of the second Linnan order, and of the species of modern languages, and the amelioration of modern Echinus; found in a fossil state.

manners by the diffusion of Christianity, having equally, ANACLASTIC GLASSES, are acoustic vessels or

perhaps, discouraged the numerous imitators of the

Teian vials, generally made of glass, and of a bell form, with be more successful in the Anacreontic verse, and

The German poets, however, are said to the broader part or mouth covered. To the flexibility Gleim, in particular, has been distinguished by the apof this bottom or covering, the characteristic experiment

We refer to the

pellation of the German Anacreon. upon these vessels is entirely owing. It is made (with article Anacreon, in our Historical and Biographical regard to the outward shape of the vessel) a little convex; and by applying the mouth to the opposite end Division, vol. ix. p. 254, for some of the bese English or orifice of the vial, and gently exhausting it of the specimens of this kind of poetry. air within, the bottom flies upward with a loud noise,

ANACRISIS (of ava and spirw, to judge), in Antiand assumes a concave shape. If, again, we cautiously in the senate house previous to their admission into the

quity, the

ceremony of examining the Athenian archons breathe into it, until the vessel is sufficiently inflated,

the bottom will rebound into its former shape with a
similar explosion. Much depends, of course, in the

ANACROSIS, in Antiquity, that part of the Pythian formation of these vessels, upon the even grain of the song which describes the preparation for the combat

of Python and Apollo. glass that is used, and on the shape of them being

ANACTORIA, or ANACTORIUM, in Ancient Geoduly proportioned. They were first invented at Golbach, in Germany (see Ros. Lentilii Oribasii Sched. de graphy, a town of Epirus, on the site of the modern Vitris Anaclasticis Ephem. Acad. Nat. Curiosorum ii. ann. 3.

Vonizza, which terminates a peninsula at the entrance p. 489), and are still principally manufactured in that from Corinth, and was the occasion of many quarrels

of the gulf of Ambracia. It was originally a colony country.

ANÁCLASTICS (of ava and klaw, to break), an ob- between that city and the Corcyræans. After the

ANÁCLASTICS (of ava and klaw, to break), an ob- battle of Actium, Augustus removed the inhabitants to solete name for thai branch of the science of Optics the city of Nicopolis. Thucyd. I. 55. Plin. v. 29, now called Dioptrics.

ANÁCYCLUS, a genus of plants belonging to the when kings and princes came to the actual exercise of class Syngenesia, and order Polygamia Superflua. the regal office, and issued their ayakinous or procla

ANADAVADÆA, in Ornithology, a small Indian mation of that event to the people. Polyb. Hist. xviii. bird, frequently brought into this country, having the et Legat. Eclog. 88.

beak of a chaffinch and the feet of a lark. ANACLETICUM (of ava, and kalew, to call), in An

ANADEMA, in Antiquity, the ornament for the tiquity, a peculiar blast of the trumpet calculated to head, with which the victors were honoured at the renew the ardour of the troops when Aying, and to in- sacred games. duce them to return and renew the combat.

AN'ADEME, Avainua, from avačew, to bind round. ANACLINOPALE (of ava, kdyw, to recline, and See DIADEM. A garland. odov, arms), in Antiquity, a method of wrestling The virgin-luntress sworn to Dian's bow, wherein the combatants threw themselves upon the

Here in this shade her quarries did bestow, ground, and made use both of their nails and teeth in

And for their nymphals, building amorous bowers,

Oft drest this tree with anadems of flowers. the combat; it was thus distinguished from the more

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Walla is now no more. Nor from the hill

ANAGLYPHICE, or ANAGLYPHIA, in Ancient ANAGLY. Will she more plucke for thee the daffodill,

Sculpture, that work wherein the strokes are promi- PHICE. Nor make sweet anadems to gird thy brow: GAL Yet in the grove she runs; a river now. nent, or embossed; the opposite sort, which has the

ANAW. Browne's Brit. Pas. book ij. song iii. strokes indented, is called Diaglyphice.

GRAM. ANADIPLOSIS (of ara, again; and dialow, to

ANAGNIA, now Anagni, in Ancient Geography, double), in Rhetoric, a reduplication of the concluding the capital city of the Hernici, in Latium, celebrated word in the foregoing member of a verse or sentence;

for its riches and illustrious families. When Anthony as in our Saviour's advice, “ I will forewarn you whom had divorced Octavia and married Cleopatra, he struck ye shall fear: Fear him which after He hath killed hath a medal in this city. It is 30 miles from Rome, and

Cic. Att. xvi. 8. Plin. iii. c. 5, power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, fear him." is a bishop's see. Luke xii. 5. Or in the following beautiful stanza, from

STRAB. v. an ancient poem on angling, quoted by Walton

ANAGNOSES, or ANAGNOSMATA, (from ava and
Let them that list, these pastimes still pursue

yeowokw, I know), in Ecclesiastical Affairs, a book of

the lessons of the Greek church during the year. I count it higher pleasure to behold

ANAGNOSTA, in Antiquity, a literary servant in

the establishment of families of distinction, employed
The hills and mountains raised from the plains,

to read to them during meals.
The plains extended level with the ground,
The grounds divided into sundry veins,

ANAGOGIA, in Antiquity, an annual feast in
The veins enclosed with rivers running round;

honour of Venus, celebrated at Eryx, in Sicily, where
These rivers, making way through nature's chains,

she had a temple, and from which place she was said
With headlong course into the sea profound:

to retreat into Africa for nine days, when she was fol-
The raging sea, beneath the vallies low,
Where lakes and rills and rivulets do flow,

lowed by all the doves of the vicinity. The return of ANADROMOUS, in Ichthyography, an epithet ap

the goddess was commemorated by a feast named Ca

tagogia. plied to fishes that migrate annually from salt water to

AÑAGOGICKS, 2 Αναγωγη, from Αναγω; i. e. fresh, for the purpose of depositing their spawn; of

ANAGOGICAL, which the salmon is a remarkable instance.

avw ayw, to lead, or draw ANADYOMENE, in Antiquity, an exquisite paint the rising or elevation of the mind to the contempla

upwards. Applied to the withdrawing, or abstraction, ing of Venus, ascribed to Apelles, which originally tion of things; lofty, exalted, recondite, mysterious. adorned the temple of Æsculapius, in the island of Cos. It represented the goddess rising out of the sea, and in

They deuide the Scripture into foure senses, the litterall, tropo the act of wringing her hair. Augustus transferred it logical, allegoricall and anagogicall.

The whole Workes of W. Tyndall, &c. fo. 166. c. 1. to the temple of Julius Cæsar, and remitted the inhabitants of Cos a tribute of a hundred talents in return;

The allegory is appropriate to fayth, and the anagogicall to hope and thinges aboue.

Id. Ib. the lower part of the figure having been injured, no

ANAGOGY (avaywrn), in Theology, sometimes used
Roman painter could be found to supply it. Plin. by ecclesiastical writers for an elevation of the mind to
xxxv. 10. Ovid de A. iii. v. 401, &c.
ANADYR, a river of Siberia, which has its source history. It is applied more particularly to Jewish and

things spiritual and eternal, and opposed to cotopia
in the lake Yoanko, and falls into the sea of Anadyr, other expositions of the types of the law of Moses; see
from whence it derives its name.

the quotations above. ANADYRSKOI, a fortress on the banks of the above


From Aνα and γραμriver, in lon. 165°, 14' E., and lat. 66°, 9' N.

ANAGRAMMAT'ICAL, pa, a letter, from ypapo, erected in the year 1649, by a Russian hunter, named

ANAGRAMMATICALLY, to write. Applied to Deschnew.

ANAGRAM'NATISM, ANADYSIS, in Ecclesiastical History, an ancient

the transposition of the ANAGRAM'MATISE,

letters of words so as term to denote emersion in baptism, as opposed to the


to form other words of Karadvors, or immersion.

a different signification. ANÆDEIA (according to Junius, from avaitla, in

Rea. And see where Juno, whose great name nocence), in Antiquity, a silver stool placed in the

Is Unio, in the anagram, Areopagus for the accused to sit upon during examina

Displays her glittering state and chair, tion. The accuser was placed on a stool opposite,

As she enlightened all the air ! called hybris, or injury, and asked the party accused,

Ben Johnson's Mas. of Hymen. “ Are you guilty of this fact? How came you to com I have largely written his life in my " Ecclesiastical History;" mit it? Who were your accomplices?" To which three and may truly say with him who constantly returned to all inquirers, questions the defendant was obliged to give direct I met with this Anagram :

Nil novi novi, I can make no new addition thereunto; only since answers.

JOANNES WHITEGIFTEUS; ANAESTHESIA (of a, priv. and acabavouai, to feel),

Novi vi egit, favet Jesus. in Medicine, a privation of the sense of touch. Cullen

Fuller's WorthiesLincolne-shire. ranks it in the order Dysæsthesiæ, class Locales. The only quintessence that hitherto the alchymy of wit could Whatever injures the nervous influence, either in the draw ont of names, is Anagrammatisme, or Metagraminatisme, which brain or in the numerous channels by which it is con- ments, and a new connexion of it by artificial transposition, with

is a dissolution of a name, truly written, into its letters as its eleducted, has a tendency to produce this disorder. out addition, subtraction, or change of any letter into different Warm bathing, blisters, and sinapisms, are the general words, making some perfect sense applyable to the person named.

Camden's Remains. remedies. See Medicine, Div. ii. ANAGALLIS, in Botany, a genus of plants belong- and particular incorporeal substances or souls, in the successive ge

The whole system of the created universe, consisting of body, ing to the class Pentandria and order Monogynia. nerations and corruptions or deaths, of men and other animals, was,

It was

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