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the spot.


bad silk, and worsted stuffs; spinning, and weaving of ca- ALTOR TUDE, Prob. 2. The distance CA = * =

a (b iz b') licoes ; which latter branch is principally carried on in

the house of industry, established here in the year 1793. AL ALTON.

acd Prob. 3. The distance CA = x =

Under Charles I. a party of royalists took refuge in the a (d o d') church, where their commanding officer was killed on

a'c Prob. 4. The distance CA = x=

(a in a'i

ALTONA, a considerable city of Germany, on the

northern bank of the Elbe, opposite Hamburgh. It was Other methods for the mensuration of accessible ob- first ranked as a city in 1664, shortly after it had jects, independent of trigonometrical operations, may been united, with the rest of the lordship of Pinneberg, be seen in Dr. Hutton's Mensuration.

to the crown of Denmark, to which it still belongs, and ALTKIRCH, a town of France, in the department is the seat of the Danish East India company. Up of the Upper Rhine, six miles from Muhlhausen. It is wards of one hundred vessels, of various sizes, trade the head of an arrondissement, and contains 1,625 in- from this port to the northern seas, and in the whale, habitants.

cod, and herring fisheries. Altona was nearly reduced

to ashes in 1713, by Steinbuck, a Swedish general; but ALTMARK, a division of the mark of Brandenburg, under the peculiar favour of the Danish sovereigns, containing numerous small towns and villages : also a has risen to be the third city in that kingdom, and contown of Prussian Pomerania.

tains at this time a population of 30,000 souls. MaALTMUHL, a river of Franconia, which empties nufactories of silk stuffs, velvet, calico, stockings, itself into the Danube, at Kelheim, in Bavaria.

gloves, tobacco, starch, wax, and vinegar, with some ALTOGETH'ER, adv. All, to, gather. See GATHER. few tanneries, sugar-refineries, and distilleries, flourish

All gathered, collected, united, conjoined; and con- here. It has an academy, founded by Christian VII.; sequently-wholly, entirely, completely.

a public library, and an orphan-house. The inhabitants At once there tho men might seen

are a mixture of Catholics, Lutherans, Calvinists, and A world of ladies fall on kneen

Jews ; the latter of whom are said to pay a consider.
Before my lady, that thereabout
Was left none standing in the rout

able sum annually for the toleration they enjoy.
But altogither they went at ones

ALTORF, or ALDTDORF, a town of Switzerland, To kneele.

Chaucer's Dreame, fo. 358. the capital of the canton of Uri, situated in a beautiful And sum tyme it happethe, that whan he wil not go fer; and country, near the river Reuss. It was in this town that that it like him to have the emperesse and his children with him; the celebrated William Tell laid the foundation of Swiss than thei gon alle to gydere. Sir John Maundeville, p. 291.

liberty and independence, by resisting the tyrannical And yet all sueh saspicyous babbeling not woorth a fether measures of Gesler, the Austrian governor. There still · altogether when it were well considered.

remains a chapel upon the spot where he was born. Sir Thomas More's Works, f. 914. c. 2.

It lies 20 miles S. E. of Lucerne. E. lon. 8°, 27'.
Neither did all heretiques condemne marriage in one sorte. N. Jat. 46°, 50. Population about 4,000.
For somme of them condemned it generally, and thorowly, and
Jewel's Defence of the Apologie.

ALTORF, in the circle of Rezat, a town of Bavaria;

the capital of a district of the same name, containing Qu. Of neyther, girle, For if of joy, being altogether wanting,

about 2,000 inhabitants. There formerly existed an It doth reniember me the more of sorrow:

university here, the students of which, in 1803, amounted Or if of griefe, being altogether had,

to 220 persons, but it is now suppressed. Hops are It addes more sorrow to my want of joy.

cultivated in the vicinity, which has rendered the place Shakespeare's Rich. II. act iii. sc. 4.

celebrated for the brewing of malt liquors. It is distant A golden apple sets altogether by the ears, as if a marrow bone or

12 miles S. E. of Nuremberg. E.lon. 11°, 20'. N. lat. hony comb were flung amongst bears. Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.

49°, 23. The greatest oracle may be sometimes silenced by a greater diffi

Altorr, a market town and bailiwic of Suabia, culty: but an oracle altogether dunib is certainly a very lanentable in the kingdom of Wirtemberg, and district of the lake contradiction.

Bp. Bull's Sermons. of Constance. They contain together about 7,000 inEmbarked in death, thy passage will be dark; and the shore, on

habitants. which it will land thee, altogether strange and unknown.

ALTRINGHAM, a neat and populous town of CheDluson. On Self-Knowledge. shire, about seven miles from Knutsford, and 180 from ALTOMUNSTER, a market town of Bavaria, 20 London. It is situated on the borders of Lancashire, miles N. W. of Munich.

being only about eight miles from Manchester, near ALTO, in Music, high; of the same general signifi- the duke of Bridgewater's canal, from Runcorn to cation as Alt.

Worsley mills.


many ages, Altringham has been Alto Et Basso, in Law, an absolute submission under the government of a mayor; and has “ a guild of all differences, high and low, great and small, to mercatory," for free trade. There is no place of worship arbitration. Ponere se in arbitrio in alto et basso. here for members of the established church; but the

ALTO-RELIEVO, in Sculpture, figures which project methodists and dissenters are very numerous. The more than half their size from their back-ground, but population amounts to upwards of 2,000 persons; and are not wholly detached from it. It is opposed to there are several manufactories of cotton, yarn, and basso-relievo, in the greater degree of its projection. worsted. It has two annual fairs, and a market on

ALTON, a market town of the county of Southamp- Tuesdays. ton, seated on the river Wye, 18 miles from Winchester, ALTSOHL, a mining town of Hungary (once the and 47 from London. It has a population of 2,316 in- residence of its kings), situated on the river Gran, in habitants. The chief trade of the town is in woollens, the lower circle of Sohl. Its inhabitants are computed


to amount to near 2,000. There are two chalybeate the chief town of a canton, in the department of the ALVERE. VIIL springs in its vicinity. It is 88 miles N. E. of Presburg. Dordogne, and arrondissement of Bergerac, about 16 ALTSDADT, a town of Saxony, in Misnia, near miles from Perigueux.


Stolp«n; a town of Wirtemberg, near Rotweil, in Sua ALVERTHORP, a market town in the west riding
bia, containing 1,600 inhabitants ; another in Moravia, of Yorkshire ; about two miles from Wakefield. It
in the circle of Olmutz, with a population of 1,200 contains nearly 4,000 inhabitants.
persons; and a town of Bohemia, in the circle of Be ALVETON, a town of Staffordshire, three miles
chin, seven miles S. E. of Feistritz.

from Cheadle, containing 934 inhabitants. It is only
ALTUN KUPRI, a town of Asiatic Turkey, in the remarkable for the neighbouring fortification called
pachalic of Bagdad, situated on the north bank of the Bunbury, encompassed by a double ditch, and which is
little Zab, over which it has numerous bridges, which supposed to have been erected as early as the eighth
are very lofty. A Turkish garrison is always kept in this century.
place. Its inhabitants are about 2,000. The distance ALUM, in Mineralogy, an ore of neutral salt, of
from this town to Bagdad is about 200 miles. E. lon. much importance in medicine, and in various arts. It
43°, 20'. N. lat. 35°, 45'.

is divided into three distinct families, or kinds ; first, ALTUN-sou, a river which joins the Tigris, about the saline; second, the earthy saline ; and third, the ten miles from Tecrit, in the province of Kurdistan, earthy. The first species is almost wholly soluble in in Asia.

water; the second contains a much larger portion of ALTZEY, anciently Altia, or AlceIA, a town and earth than of soluble matter; and the third is quite upper bailiwic in the grand duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt, insoluble, and wants that sweetish, astringent taste, on the rivulet Selsach. It is the chief place of a canton, which is characteristic of the other sorts. See Cheand contains about 3,000 inhabitants. It stands about MISTRY and MinerALOGY, Div. ii. 23 miles N. W. of Worms.

ALUNTIUM, in Ancient Geography, a town in ALVA DE TORMES, a considerable town of Spain, Sicily. Plin. iii. 8.; Cic. in Verr. iv. in the neighbourhood of Salamanca, in the province of ALVUS, in Anatomy, the lower belly or venter. It Leon. It stands upon the northern bank of the river is also sometimes applied to denote the state of the Tormes, about 15 miles S. S. E. of Salamanca, and con- bowels, as alvus liquida, alvus adstricta, &c. tains an ancient palace of the sanguinary zealot, the ALWAYS, adi'. All ways. Through all ways; i. e. duke of Alva, who took his title from this town. through the whole course of life. Skinner. And thus,

ALVARADO, a river of New Spain, rising in the At all times; under all circumstances or conditions. lofty mountains of the Zapoticas, about 40 miles S. W.

Knowen may it wel ben now of these thynges toforne declared, of Ġuaxaca, and emptying itself, after being increased that man liath not alway thilk rightfulnes, which by duty of right by various smaller streams, into the gulf of Mexico, euermore hauen hee should. about 30 miles from Vera Cruz.

Chaucer. Test of Love, book iii. fol. 313. c. 4. ALVARADO, a

town of South America, at the Thy holye worde of eterne excellence, mouth of the above river, in the province of Guaxaca, lliy mercyes promyse, that is all-waye iuste 30 miles S. E. of Vera Cruz. w. lon. 96°, 36'. N. lat.

Haue ben my staye, my piller, and defence. Wyail. 18°, 40'.

A league from Epidamium had we saild,

Before the abiruies winde-obeying deepe ALVAREZ, a town of the province of Estremadura,

Gaue any tragicke instance of our harme. in Portugal, containing about 1,500 inhabitants.

Shakespeare's Com. of Errors, act i. ALUDEL, in Chemistry, an earthen pot, or cucur At least the memory of that more than man, bite, formerly used for containing substances for From whose vast mind thy glories first began, distillations. It was open at both ends, that a series Shall ev'n my weak and worthless verse commend, might be readily joined together.

For wonders always did his name attend.

Otway's Windsor Castle. ALVEARIUM, in Anatomy, the lower part of the cavity made by the concha, or auricle of the outer ear, and where a tree is mentioned, 'tis always understood to be a tree

The root is always supposed to have the branches joined with it; whence that bitter, yellowish excrement exudes, com- bearing its proper fruit.

Clarke's Sermons, monly called ear-wax.

Earthly parents may sometimes punish their children through ALVECHURCH, a town and parish of Worcester- passion, or for their pleasure; but our heavenly father always corshire, containing a population of 1,344 persons. It is

rects his for their profit.

Mason. On Self-Knowledge. distant from Bromsgrove five miles, and 117 from Lon ALWEN, a river of North Wales, which runs into don. It was formerly a place of some note, though now the Dee, seven miles N. E. of Bala, in Merionethshire.. in decay. The bishop of Worcester had a palace here; ALYSSUM, in Botany, madwort, a genus of plants beand there are some alms-houses, founded in the year longing to the class Tetradynamia, and order Siliculosæ. 1580.

ALYSSUS, in Ancient Geography, a fountain of ALVEOLI, in Anatomy, the sockets in which the Arcadia, whose waters were feigned to cure the bite of teeth are fixed in the jaws.

a mad dog. Paus. viii. 19. ALVEOLUS, NAUTILUS ORTHOCERA, in Natural ALYTARCHA, in Antiquity, a priest of Antioch, in History, a marine body, both recent and fossile; when Syria, a servant of the public games, whose office it recent, it is found adhering to the cavity of the shell was to keep the crowd in good order, and to encourage of that species of Nautili, called Belemnitæ ; when in the combatants. The officer who presided at the its fossile state, it is detached from any other sub- Olympic games was sometimes called by this name; stance, and frequently so large, that it is difficult to which Faber and Prideaux maintain to be the same imagine any Belemnitæ could contain it.

with that of the Hellenodicus. ALVERE, Sr. a town in the province of Perigord, ALYTH, a town of Perthshire, in Scotland, 12 miles in France, containing above 1,800 inhabitants. It is from Forfar. Notwithstanding this town was constir

ALYTH. tuted a royal borough as early as the fifteenth century, justice and mercy. I am grace and goodness, I am glory, beauty, AM.

it has never enjoyed the privilege of returning mem- holiness, eminency, supereminency, perfection, all-suficiency, eter: AM. bers to parliament. Near the town are some remains nity, Jehovah, I am. Whatsoever is suitable to their nature, or con- AMADES

venient for them in their several conditions, that I am. Whatsoof an ancient forest, and vestiges of a fortification. ever is amiable in itself, or desirable unto them, that I am. WhatAccording to the population returns of 1811, Alyth soever is pure and holy; whatsoever is great or pleasant; whatsocontained 2,563 inhabitants.

ever is good or needful to make men happy; that I am.”

Beveridge's Sermons.
ALYZIA, in Ancient Geography, a town on the

He (Beveridge] takes notice, that though “ I am," be commonly western mouth of the Achelous, opposite the Echina

a verb of the first person, yet it is here used as a noun substantive, dian islands, in Acarnania.

or proper name, and is the nominative case to another verb of the ALZIRA, or Alcira, a fortified town of Spain, in third person, in these words, “ I am hath sent me unto you." the district of Alcira, in the province of Valencia, about

Guardian, No. 74. six leagues from the town of that name. It lies on the

AM, now Ani, formerly a celebrated city of Armenia, river Xucar, in a fertile neighbourhood, and contains at present almost totally reduced. It is said to have about 10,000 inhabitants. The streets are narrow.

It consisted of 10,000 houses, and about 1,000 mosques. has three churches, six convents, a hospital, and two

The Tartars took this place in 1219. fine bridges over the Xucar.

AMABYR, in Old Customs, a price paid to the lord ALZON, a town of Languedoc, in France, the head of the manor on marrying a virgin of his tenantry. It of a canton, in the department of the Gard, arrondisse

the Gard, arrondisse- once prevailed in many parts of England and Wales, ment of Vejan; population 900. It is 164 leagues W. and so late as the 3d of Philip and Mary we find Henry, of Nismes.

earl of Arundel, releasing to his tenants this right. ALZONNE, a town of France, in Lower Languedoc,

AMACHURA, a river of the province of Cumana, in on the river Fresguel; the head of a canton, in the de- South America, which empties itself northward in partment of the Aude, arrondissement of Carcassone, the principal mouth of the Oronoco. from which it is distant about 10 miles W. and contains

AMACK, or AMAK, a small island, which is joined to 1,500 inhabitants.

Copenhagen on the south by two bridges. It was AM, commonly called the first person, present, in- colonized from East Friesland by Christian II. in 1516, dicative of the verb to be. The following view of the for the purpose of supplying the inhabitants of the various connections of the different words, by the aid capital of Denmark with butter, cheese, and herbs, and of which we conjugate this verb, may be of service to is to this day appropriated to the same purpose, and the future etymologist.

not unfrequently known by the name of the kitchenGothic....... Wisan.

garden of Copenhagen. The inhabitants preserve Saxon.........Beon, or Wesan.

much of their original dress and manners, which are said English...... To be.

to resemble those of the society called Friends; and, German......Seyn.


indeed, their particular privileges, courts of judicature, Dutch..... Zyn, or Weezen.

&c. tend to preserve these distinctions, although interDanish....... Wæren.

marriages are constantly taking place between them Swedish ..... Wara.

and their neighbours of the adjoining city. The island

is about four miles long, and two broad, and contains Go. Ik ïm thu is,

Weis wesum. or sium,

some quarries for lime and stone for building. It is Sa. Ic eom, thu eart, he ys, we synd,

destitute of wood, and wholly laid out to the purposes Ic was, We wæron. or was,

of tillage and gardening. It contains about 3,500 E. I am, thou art, he is, we aren, } I was,

We weren, or souls, who are distributed amongst six different villages.

or are,
G. Ich bin, du bist, er ist, wir sind, Ich war,

Wir waren.

There are two churches, where service is performed D. Ick ben, gy bent, } hy is, wy zyn, Ik was,

both in Dutch and in Danish.

Wy waaren. or zyt, s

AMACUSA, an island, a province, and principality of Da. Jeg er, du er, han er, wi ere, Jeg war,

Wi ware.

Japan, with a town also of that name, near the coast of Sw. Jag är, tu ëst, han är, weärom, Jag war,

We wore.

the island Ximo. E. Ion. 129°, 20'. N. lat. 31°, 35'.
What? do I feare my selfe? There's none else by,
Richard loues Richard, that is, I am I,

Is there a murtherer heere? No; yes, I am.

AMADAN, or HAMADAN (supposed to have been
Shakespeare's Richard III. act v. the ancient Ecbatana, and still sometimes called “ the
Ses. Thou bor'st the face once of a noble gentleman,

royal city"), a town of Persia, in the province of IracRankt in the first file of the virtuous,

Agemi, 80 leagues N. E. of Bagdad, and about the By every hopeful spirit, *

same distance from Ispahan. It is of considerable * Tell me Virolet, If shame have not forsook thee, with thy credit?

extent, well supplied with water, and stands in a counVir. No more of these racks; what I am,

I am.

try very fertile in corn and rice; the climate is reBeau. and Fletch. Double Marriage, act ii. markably salubrious, and the town is resorted to by I am better than thou,” raises the furious and hloody contesta the sick of many surrounding provinces. The Armetions for precedency: “I am holier than thou,” causes a contemptu- nians have a church, and the Jews a synagogue here; ous separation from company, better perhaps than ourselves : “I am wiser than thou,"is guilty of all the irregular opinions that the world and there are some remaining fortifications, but it is a is disquieted withal.

Bp. Hall's Peace-Maker. place of no military strength The principal street, and He doth not say “I am their light, their life, their guide, their indeed the only good one, is built of the bricks of the strength, or tower," but only “ I am:" He sets as it were his land country, dried wholly in the sun. It stands in E. lon. to a blank, that his people may write under it wbat they please that 47°, 39'. N. lat. 35°, 15'. is good for them. As if he should say, “ Are they weak? I am AMADEA, a river which joins the Meta, near its strength. Are they poor, I am riches. Are they in trouble ? I am comfort

. Are they sick? I am health. Are they dying? I am life. source, in the province of St. Juan de los Lanos, in the Have they nothing? I am all things. I am wisdoin and power, 1 um new kingdom of Granada, South America.

ïs ist, weis siyum, ? Ik was,


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ANADLA. AMADIA, a considerable town of Asia, in the pro- were thrown by adverse winds on this coast, where AMALFI.

Pince of Kurdistan, 65 miles N. of Mosul. It stands they founded a flourishing republic. In 825 it appears AMALFI.

in considerable rank as to wealth and commercial im

AMALupon a lofty mountain, and is accessible only by a

GAME. narrow defile cut out of the solid rock. It is subject portance, under the protection of the eastern emperor; to a Turkish bey, who holds the first rank amongst but it was attacked and taken about this time by surthose of his own title in Kurdistan, as he is descended prise, by Sico, prince of Salerno, who carried away a from the caliphs of Bagdad. There are several small number of its inhabitants to repopulate his own city, towns in the neighbourhood dependent upon the go- which had been visited by a severe epidemic. The capvernment of Amadia. The country around is fertile. tive Amalfitans, however, regained their liberty by rising

AMAGUANA, a town in the province of Quito, in on their masters, in an expedition against the BenevenSouth America, and about ten miles from that city. tians; and, after plundering Salerno, returned in triAlso a river in the same province, which derives its umph to their own city. Here they now established source from the western side of the Andes, and runs themselves in additional strength; the advantages of north, collecting all the waters of the neighbouring their natural situation, both for the purposes of deheights ; it afterwards joins the Esmeraldas, near the fence and of extensive commerce, were fully improved ; village of St. Antonio, and discharges itself into the their political institutions appear to have been careSouthern Pacific.

fully and solidly constructed, and they long ranked as AMAIN', adv. A. S. Magan, valere, posse, the past par- a respectable sovereign state. A population of 50,000 ticiple Magen; might.

souls is said to have been contained within the walls of With all might, power, strength.

the town, and they had many independent settlements.
When stars doe counsell rest

To Pope Leo IV. the Amalfitans proved serviceable
Incroching cares renue my griefe as faste,

allies in his wars against the infidels; and that pon-
And thus desired night in wo I waste:

tiff anticipated the honours of our Henry VIII. in an
And to expresse the barts excessiue paine,
Mine eies their deawie tcares distill amaine.

equally worthy cause, by conferring on the republic

Turbervile. the title of Defender of the Faith. The eastern empe-
And strait outdrue

ror established a maritime court at Amalfi, to which Against Eurialus his sword. Then verily indeede dismayde

7 Did Nysus loudly shrinke, not more to lurke in darknesse stayde,

all naval disputes in these seas were referred, and whose Such torments thien him tooke, he cryed amain with voyce afrayde.

decisions were universally respected. The use of the
Aeneidos, book ix. by Thos. Phaer. magnet is said to have been discovered by Flavius
Great lords, from Ireland am I come amaine,

Gioia, one of its citizens. At Amalfi was first instituted
To signifie, that rebels there are vp,
And put the Englishmen vnto the sword.

the order of knighthood of St. John of Jerusalem, the
Shakespeare's Henry VI. 2d part, act iii. sc. 1.

members of which were afterwards called knights of Ralph. Then Palmerin and Trineus snatching their lances from Rhodes, and first formed the celebrated body of knights their dwarfs, and clasping their helmets, gallopt amain after the of Malta. In the time of their prosperity, the citizens giant; and Palmerin having gotten a sight of him, caine posting built at Jerusalem, by leave of the caliph, a chapel amain, saying, Stay traiterous thief, for thou maist not so carry and two small hospitals for the use of the pilgrims to away her, that is worth the greatest lord in the world. Beau. and Fletch. Knt. of the Burn. Pestle.

the Holy Land from the west of Europe, and took an She said : her briin-full eyes, that ready stood,

active part

in their accomodation by the way. But, in And only wanted will to weep a flood,

1100, Duke Roger of Normandy succeeded in subju-
Releas'd their watry store, and pour'd amain,

gating this republic to his arms : with their independence
Like clouds, low hung, a sober show'r of rain.
Dryden's Sigis. and Guis. fo. edit. 1701.

fell the spirit of enterprize in its citizens; and successive
Amain, or Amayn, in Marine Affairs, literally at depredators availed themselves of its resources. The
once, suddenly; as let go a-main, i.e. let it run at pillage of the city by the Pisans, amongst others, was
once; a phrase generally applied to something that is remarkable, from their taking away the celebrated
hoisted or lowered by tackle. It has been sometimes Pandects, a copy of the Justinian code of laws. Its ruin
applied to the summoning an enemy to strike his was completed by its becoming a feudal estate in the
colours, or to yield. “ To strike amain," is to lower Colonna family, from whom it descended through the
the top-sails.“ To wave amain," is to make a signal Sanseverini and Orsini to the Picolomini, to whom it
by waving a sword or other instrument, as a demand gives a ducal title.
for striking top-sails, colours, &c.

Amalfi now scarcely retains a relic of its former im.
AMAISTRE', o. To master. See Master. portance, except the cathedral dedicated to St. Andrew,
Is he not ricb that hath suffisance, and hath ye power that no man

in the choir of which Cardinal Capuano, in 1208, is nav amaistrein ?

Chaucer. Test of Loue, f. 305. c. 2. said to have deposited the body of that saint, which he Plato had a cause his seruaunt to scourge, and yet cleaped he is brought from Constantinople. It is, however, still an weighbour, to perfourme the doing, himselse would not, least wrath archbishopric and a duchy; and the inhabitants, about had hiin amaistred, & so might he haue laid on to much.

Id. lb, f. 305. c. 4.

4,000 in number, carry on an active trade in the LeAMAK. See AMACK.

vant. E. lon. 15°, 20'. N. lat. 40°, 35'. AMALEK, in Scripture Geography, a mountain, on AMAL'GAME, v. Fr. Amalgamer. To mix or which the town of Pirathon stood, in the land of AMALGAM, n. incorporate, &c. Cotgrave. Ephraim; and where Abdon, the son of Hillel, the AMAL'GAMATE,

Perhaps from aua, together; Pirathonite, a judge of Israel, was buried.

AMALGAMA'Tion. and yajew, to unite, from its AMALFI, or AMALPHI, an ancient town in the application to the nuptial union. kingdom of Naples, and principality of Salerno, 10

And of the care and wo, miles S. W. of Salerno. Its origin has been dated

That we had in our materes subliming, from the emigration of a few Roman families, who em

And in amalgaming, and calcening barked in the fourth century for Constantinople, and

Of quicksilver, ycleped mercurie crude?

Chaucer. The Chanones Yemanncs Tale.

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AMAL I conceive, since all inflammation and evaporation are entirely AMANDEA, in Ancient Geography, a town of AMIN GAME. prevented, and the body still turned back upon itself

, that either Ethiopia, placed by Suidas in the dominions of King DEA. the wood will be converted into a kind of amalgama, or that the AMAND. finer part will be turned into air.

Bacon's Nat. and Exper. History.
AMANGUCHI, a wealthy town of Japan, the capital


RANTI! Under amalgamation, enquire, 1. Wbat metals endure it; 2. What

of the Nangaro kingdom. E. lon. 120°, 34'. N. lat. are the means of effecting it; and, 3. What manner of body it

34o. makes.


AMANIBO, a town of South America, situated be-
Therefore, amalgamating mercury with a convenient proportion tween Paramaribo and Cayenne : also a river of the
of pure tin, or, as the tradesmen call, block-tin, that the mixture same name, and in the neighbourhood, which runs
might not be too thick to be readily poured out into a glass-tube, through Dutch Guiana, and discharges itself into the
and to subside in it, we filled with this amalgam a cylindrical pipe, Atlantic, near the Iracubo lake.
sealed at one end.

Boyle's New Esper. Physico-Mec.
The metaphysical and alchemistical legislators, have attempted to

AMANTEA, a town of Naples, on the coast of confound all sorts of citizens, as well as they could, into one homo

Calabria Citra, on the Oliva. It is a bishop's see, and geneous mass; and then they divided this, their amalgama, into a has a strong castle. Population, 2,700. E. lon. 16°, number of incoherent republics. Burke, on the French Revolution. 17'. N. lat. 39°, 15'.

AMALGAM, in Chemistry, a term that has been AMANUENSIS, n. From manus, the hand. used to signify any metallic alloy whereof mercury One whose hand only, and not his head, is used by made a part; in modern chemistry it denotes any com- another in writing. bination of mercury with another metal; or any metal when dissolved in mercury.

I have no such authority, no such benefactors, as that noble AmSee CHEMISTRY, Div. ii.

brosius was to Origen, allowing him six or seven amanuenses to write and MERCURY.

out his dictates; I must for that cause, do my business my self. AMALTHÆA, in the Ancient Mythology, was daugh

Burton's Anat. of Mel. Dem. to the Reader. ter of Melissus, king of Crete, and fed Jupiter with goat's The mirth of the commons grew so very outrageous, that it found milk; in reward for which he placed her in the heavens out work for our friend of the quorum, who, by the help of his amaas the constellation of the Goat, and gave one of her nuensis, took down all their names and their crimes, with a design horns to the nymphs who had watched over his infant to produce his manuscript at the next quarter-sessions, &c. &c. &c.

Spectator, No. 617. years. Others represent it as the name of a goat thus honoured. This horn was the cornucopia, or horn of Pray let your amanuensis, whoever he may be, write an account plenty, and yielded to the nymphs every thing they regularly, once a week, either to Grevenkop or myself, for that is the desired. Ovid. Fast. v.

same thing, of the state of your health.
113.; STRABO, X.

Chesterfield. Letter ccccxxii.
AMAN, a district about the centre of the island of

AMANUS, in Ancient Geography, a part of Mount
AMANA, in Scripture Geography, a mountain men-

Taurus, in Cilicia. A defile over it, through which tioned in the Song of Solomon, iv. 8. Some take this Darius entered Cilicia, was named Amanicæ Pylæ. mountain to be situated beyond Jordan, in Palestine; Cic. ad Fam. ii. ep. 10.; Arrian, ii.; Plut. in Aler. but others think it to be the Amanus, which separates It is now called Al Lucan, Syria from Cilicia.

AMANUS, ANANDATIS, ANAISTIS, in Ancient MyAmana, a river of Cumana, in South America, which thology, certain deities of Armenia and Cappadocia, runs easterly into the Guarapiche, from the interior. supposed to be names of the sun, as an object of worOn its banks there is a colony that bears this name.

ship. STRABO, xi. AMANCE, a town of France, upon a river of the

AMAPALLA, a sea-port town of South America, same name, in the department of the Meurthe, six in the kingdom of Nicaragua, and province of Guatimiles E. from Nancy, and 74 from Paris. Also a town mala, about 200 miles S. E. of the town of that name. of Franche Comte, 16 miles N. of Vesoul.

It is also the name of an extensive bay or gulph (someAMAND, ST. a town of French Flanders, on the

times called the gulph of Fonseca) between the proriver Scarpe; the head of a canton in the department vinces of Guatimala and Nicaragua, which contains two of the North, arrondissement of Douay. The abbey small islands. The town lies in W.lon. 87°, 50'. N. lat. church has been much admired, and before the Revo

130, 10', lution its ecclesiastical establishments were extensive.

AMARANTE, a town of Portugal, on the river It is celebrated for its chalybeate waters, and is about Amego, or Tamega, in the province Entre Minho e 15 miles N. of Valenciennes, and the same distance

Douro. It contains nearly 4,000 inhabitants, and N. E. of Douay. Population from 7,000 to 8,000. stands in a beautiful country, 30 miles N. N. E. of E. lon. 2°, 35'. N. lat. 50°, 27'.

Oporto. W. lon. 7°, 41'. N. lat. 41°, 19'.
AMAND, Sr. or Sr. AMAND MONTROND, a town of AM'ARANTH, n. ? A, not, and papatyw, mar-
the Bourbonnois, on the Cher, the chief place of a AMARAN'THINE. } cescere, to wither. Its nature,
prefect, and the seat of a tribunal of the first instance, says Pliny, is expressed by its name, quoniam non mar-
It was built in 1410, and contains 5,080 inhabitants, cescat. N. Hist. 1. xxi. c. 8.
a cannon foundery and iron works; and carries on an

Lowly reverent
active trade in corn, wine, cattle and wool. It is 24 Towards either throne they bow, and to the ground
miles S. of Bourges, and 198 S. of Paris.

With solemn adoration down they cast
* AMAND, Sr. a small town of Auvergne, nine miles

Their crowns inwove with amarant and gold;

Immortal amarant, a flower which once
S. of Clermont, and 15 N. of Issoire.

In Paradise, fast by the tree of life,
AMAND, St. or St. AMAND DE Valtoret, or Began to bloom.

Milton's Par. Lost. book iii.
VILLEMAGNE, a town of France, on the river Tarn,
12 miles E. of Castres ; also a small town of Gati- and leaf, as the amaranthus.

Some roots are yellow, as carrots; and some plants blood-red, stalk nois, 27 miles from Gien.

Bacon's Nat, and Esper. History.

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