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And lightly started vp'as one affray'd;


These words are used with the ABRIDGE. Or as it one him suddenly did call.

ABRIDG'ER, same application as Abbreviate,

So, oftentimes he out of sleepe abrayd,
And then lay muzing long, on that him ill apay'd.

ABRIDGʻMENT. ) (qv.) and are usually referred to
Spenser's Faerie Queene, b. iv. canto v. the same origin. But the Etymology of Menage surely
Yet, hapless state of mian! his earliest youth

leads us immediately right.-Abreger, from the German
Cozens itself; his age defrauds niankind.

Brechen, 'frangere, to break ; Saxon, Abræccan.
Nor decun it strange that rolling years abrade

But isaie crieth for israel, if the noumbre of the children of israel
The social bias.
Shenstone's Economy, part i.

schal be as grauel of the see, the relifs schulen be maad saaf. for
ABRAHAMITES, or ABRAHAMIANs, an order of sothe a word makynge an ende and abreggynge in equyte, for the

lord schal make a word breggid on al the erthe. religious, who derived their appellation from one

Wiclif. Romayns, chap. ix. Abraham, a native of Antioch, or, as the Arabs called

But Esay cryeth cocernig Israel: though the nombre of the him, Ibrahim. The emperor Theophilus, who united chyldren of Israel be as sonde of ye sea, yet the remnaút shall in his own character, the apparent zeal of a Christian be saued. For he fynysheth the word verely, ád maketh it short in with the fury of a persecutor, exterminated the ryghtewesnes. For a short worke wil God make on erth.

Bible, Lond. 1539. Abrahamites, on a vague charge of idolatry, in the

Largesse it is, whose priuilege ninth century

There maie no auarice abrege.
ABRANTES, a large and populous town of Portugal,

Gower, Con. A. book vä.
in the province of Estramadura, occupying a delightful And whan this olde man wende to enforcen his tale by resons
eminence, which commands a pleasing and picturesque wel nie alle at ones begonne they to rise, for to breken his tale

, and prospect, surrounded by luxuriant gardens and plan- precheth to him that listen not heren his wordes, his sermon bein tations. It is near the mouth of the Tajo; and is now anoieth.

Chaucer. The Tale of Melibeus, vol. ii. p. 78. celebrated for a famous battle, in which the English

And nere it that I wilne as now abredge and French forces greatly signalized themselves. The

Diffusion of speache, I could alnuoste French general, Junot, was afterwards created duke

A thousand olde stories thce aledge, of Abrantes. The town suffered much during the late

Of women loste, through false & fooles boste.

Id. Third booke of Troilus, fol. 168, col. iii. war. The castle, in particular, was greatly injured. At the time here alluded to, Abrantes contained nearly coumpte. He is but a very late writer in comparison of the Ancient

Of Theophylactes authoritie wee never made any great se40,000 inhabitants, and several convents, alms-houses, Fathers. For the most parte of that he writeth, he is but an and hospitals. W. lon. 70°, 18'. N. lat. 390, 13'. abbridger of Chrysostome. Jewel's Defence of the Apologie.

ABRĀSAX, or ABRAXAS, a cabalistic word com- Wherefore to abbridge his power, and to minishe his aucthoritie posed of the following letters a, b, g, a, &, a, s, making, they determined to bryng hym into the hatred of the people, and according to the Grecian numeration, the number 365. into the disdain of the nobilite.

Hall, repr. 1809, p. 223. This word was used as an amulet, or charm, by the

But as our parts abridge, or length our age, disciples of Basil, father of the monks of Pontus.

So passe we all, while other fill the stage. Sackville.
In antiquities, the name is appropriated to a stone,

[The emperoure) specially chargynge the sayde bysshop that he on which the word is engraven, and sometimes the wold shewe vnto his sayde sone ye great dauger that he was in names of saints, angels, gods, and even Jehovah him- agaynste God for the displeasurys doon to hym, & specyally that self. Specimens, supposed to be as old as the third he was a cause of the abrygement, or shortynge, of his dayes. century, are still extant. If the Abraxas originally

Fabyan, repr. 1811, p. 154.

Time is the nurse and breeder of all good; came from Egypt, as is believed, it may be regarded

Here if thou stay, thou canst not see thy loue; not as a curiosity fit only for the cabinet, but as one Besides, thy staying will abridge thy life--of those rich spoils of time which may illustrate the

Hope is a lover's staffe, walke hence with that history of that country.

And manage it against despairing thoughts. ABREAST, adt. See BREAST.

Shakespeare's Two Gent. of Ver. p. 30, act iii. sc. 1.

Tue. Say, what abridgement baue you for this euening? ABREAST, a maritime phrase, signifying side by side, What maske? What musicke? How shall we beguile or even opposite to; and used to denote ships lying, or The lazie time, if not with some delight? sailing, with their sides parallel to each other. The

Id. M. N. Dreame, p. 159. act v. sc. 1. term, however, has a more particular reference to the

Fond women, and scarce speaking children mourn, line of battle at sea. When the line is formed abreast,

Bewail his (Hertford's] parting, wishing his return,

That I was forc'd to abridge his banish'd years, the whole squadron advances uniformly and evenly; When they bedew'd his footsteps with their tears. the commander-in-chief being always stationed in the

Drayton's Richard II. to Queen Isabel, p. 101, centre, and the ships equidistant from each other.

Beasts too were his command: what could he more? Abreast of any place, signifies being opposite to it. In

Yes, man he could, the bond of all before;

In him he all things with strange order hurl'd; the interior of the ship, abreast means to be on the In him, that full abridgment of the world. starboard or larboard side of the main hatchway, in

Cowley's Davideis, book i. opposition to afore or abaft the hatchway.

If I should abridge all the holy prophets, and gather up out of ABREOLHOS, or ABREogos, a dangerous point of them all the menaces of judgments which they denounce against their land stretching out from the coast of Brazil, in W. lon.

sinful Israel, I might well bring them home to our own doors, and 39°, 18. S. lat. 17o, 18', terminated by some hidden justly affright us with the expectation of such further revenge from

Divine Justice : for how can we otherwise think, but the same sins rocks and sands, on which frequent shipwrecks have oc- must carry away the same punishments ? curred. It requires great skill and knowledge of the

Bishop Hall's Sermons. coast to avoid this point.

When our blessed Lord gives an abridgement, or abstract, of the ABRETENE, or ABRETTINE, an ancient district of ten commandments, he doth it in these words. Matth. xxii

. 37,38,39, Mysia, in Asia. The people were called Abretteni, in

" Love the Lord thy God with all thy heart and soul, that is, love habiting the country between Ancyra of Phrygia, and And the second is like unto it; love thy neighbour as thy self.”

God above all things; this is the first and great commandment, the river Rhyndacus.

Watts's Sermons VOL. XVII.

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Here lies David Garrick, describe him who can,

Persians on the 13th day of the month Tir, corre. ABRIZAN.
An abridgment of all that was pleasant in man;
As an actor, confest without rival to shine;
sponding to our September; during which, all sorts of

ABROAD. As a wit, if not first, in the very first line !

people sprinkled each other with water, from the higher Goldsmith's Retaliation, odoriferous plants.

" This heathenish festival was That man should thus encroach on fellow man,

apparently preparatory to the descent of the rain in Abridge him of his just and native rights,

those countries; being about the time of the autumnal Eradicate him, tear him from his hold

equinox, and has been adopted by the Mahometans."
Upon th'endearments of domestic life

“ Might not the returning Jews," Harmer asks, “ think
And social, nip his fruitfulness and use,
And doom him for perhaps a heedless word

of adding some memorial of Jehovah's being the giver of
To barrenness, and solitude, and tears,

rain to that ancient national solemnity that had been Moves indignation.

enjoined by Moses, to be observed just about the same

Corper's Task, b. v. time of the year with that of the Persian festival,
ABRIDGMENT, in Literature, signifies the com- deity they worshipped, but which the Jews knew was

which that people, with solemnity, ascribed to some
pression of the matter of any book into a smaller com-

the gift of Jehovah ?” Observations on Passages of
pass, or into fewer words; and should be done according Scripture.
to certain rules, and a determinate plan.

ABROACH', .) Sax. Abræcan. To break.
Dr. Johnson, in his Life of Butler, has remarked, that
he that makes a book from books, though he cannot it: to be abroach, or to set abroach, is to put things

ABROACH', adr. ) To broach a vessel is to break into
be called great, may be useful; he, therefore, that can

in that state in which the contents of a vessel compress

the thoughts of an author into a few, if it be broached or broken into are. still an adequate number of words, subserves the in

And whan that I have told thee fortlı my tale terests of literature and science. To do this, however,

Of tribulation in mariage, it is not sufficient that his abridgment should consist

Of which I am expert in all min age, of a string of merely garbled extracts, and loose quo

(This is to sayn, myself hath ben the whippe) tations; even should those extracts prove to be the

Than maiest ihou chesen wheder thou wolt sippe

Of thilke tonne, that I shal abroche.
best, most elegant, and most pointed in the whole

Chaucer. The wife of Bathes Prologue, vol. i. p. 233.
book. Few writers are content to cease writing as
soon as their subject is exhausted; and fewer still can

But of this trouble I [quene Katheryne) onely maie thanke you

my lorde Cardinal of Yorke, for because I haue wondered at your so far restrain themselves, during the heat of compo

high pride and vainglory, and abhorre your volupteous life, and
sition, as to finish one particular topic or branch of their abhominable lechery, and litle regard your presupieous power and
subject, without some flight, some unnecessary aberra- tyranny therefore of malice you haue kindeled this fire, and set this

Hall, p. 755.
tion, which, however pleasing to themselves, is liable matter a broche.
to the censure of the more judicious, or more sober From whence had you this doctrine, M. Hardinge? who set it

firste abroche? who taught it? who cofirmed it? who allowed it?
It is the duty, therefore, of the abridger of any work

Jewel's Defence of the Apologie, first to divest himself of all undue prepossession in

Whose frightful vision, at the first approach,

With violent madness struck that desp'rate age, favour of the author's subject and style of writing;

So many sundry miseries abroach, and particularly from all merely personal predilections

Giving full speed to their anbridled rage. for the author before him. He will then sit down

Drayton's Barons Wars, p. 34. coolly and carefully to his second duty, which is that

Let but some upstart heresy be set abroach, and presently their of ascertaining (to a certainty if possible) his author's

are some out of a curious humour; others, as if they watched an precise meaning and drift.

When the abridger has so occasion of singularity, will take it up for canonical, and make it far prepared himself, he should then keep a jealous eye part of their creed and profession.

Bishop Wilkins's Discovery of a new World.
upon all his author's instances of what is called fine
writing-such as poetical excursions into the regions Hast thou no friend to set thy mind abroach?
of imagination; dexterously turned periods; and Good sense will stagnate. Thoughts shut up want air,

And spoil, like bales unopen'd to the sun.
enigmatical allusions : abundant specimens of which

Young's Complaint, Night ii. may be found in the writings of Gibbon, who, it is to be

The similitude between the rites practised, and the doctrines feared, like some others, occasionally sacrifices even

taught in the Grecian and Egyptian inysteries, would be alone sufli. historical veracity to the desire of expressing a simple cient to point up to their original: such as the doctrines taught of fact in the finest language.

a metempsychosis, and a future state of rewards and punishments, An abridger should be scrupulous not to omit, which the Greek writers agree to have been first set abroach by the

any material fact, nor to 'abate the least of his

Warburton's Div. Legation of Moses.
author's spirit and general manner; still less should
he add any facts of his own, nor any gleanings from

ABROAD'; Abrod, R. Gloucester; O brode, R. Brunne;
other writers on the same subject, which would be to Abrood, Wiclif; On brede, Chaucer and Douglas; Broad
compile and not to abridge. The very words of the is from the A. S. Brædan, Abrædan. To Broaden, to
author should be preserved as much as possible; for enlarge, to extend, to dilate, to amplify.
to express

another man's thoughts in one's own words, With thulke stroc he smot al of the scolle & ek the croune,
is more the task of a translator than an abridger. That the brain orn al abrod in the pauiment ther doune.

R. Gloucester, p. 476.
Neither should an abridgment be a mere analysis : for

Therfore thei don alle her werkis, that thei be seen of men, for to analyze a subject is not always to abridge it.


thei drawen abrood her falateries and magnyfien hemmes, and thei ABRIZAN, or ABRIZGhian, or ABREEZGAN,

loven the firste sittynge placis in soperis, and the firste cbaieris in the Persian word Abriz, “a vessel proper for pouring sinagogis

, and salutaciouns in cheping, and to be clepid of. men out water: the name of a feast observed by the old maistir.

Mi'iclif, Matthew, chap. xxiii.

The rose spred to spaunishhing

Natu. Perge, good M. Holofernes, perge, so it shall please you ABRO-
To scen it was a goodly thing
to abrogate scurilitie.

But it ne was so sprede on brede,

Shakespeare, Love's L. L. p. 131, act iv, sc. 2.
That men within might knowe the sede.

Chaucer, Romant of the Rose, fol. 133, col. 2.

That robe of Rome proud Beauford now doth wear

In every place such, sway should never bear :
Ane felloun rusche it maid and sound withall,

The crosier-staff in bis imperious band,
And large on brede ouer Grekis routis did fal.

To be the scepter that controuls the land;
Douglas, b. ii. p. 54.

That home to England dispensations draws,
My hart gan new reuiue and changed blood did stur

Which are of power to abrogate our laws.
Me to withdrawe mny wynter woes, that kept within the dore,

Drayton's Duke Humphrey to Elenor Cobham, p. 110.
Abrode, quod my desire, assay to set thy fote,
Where thou shalt finde the savour swete, for sprong is


The negative precepts of men may cease by many instruments,

by contrary customs, by public disrelish, by long omission : but the

negative precepts of God never can cease, but when they are exAnd I haue thrust my selfe into this maze,

pressly abrogated by the same anthority.
Happily to wiue and thriue as best I may:

Taylor's Rules and Exercises of Holy Living and Dying.
Crownes in my purse I haue, and goods at home,
And so am come abroad to see the world.

It appears to have been a usual practice in Athens, on the estab-
Shakespeare, Tum. of the S. p. 213, act i. sc. 2.

lishnient of any law esteemed very useful or popular, to prohibit

for ever its abrogation and repeal.
The clouds

Hume's Essays.
From many a horrid rift abortive pour'd
Fierce rain with lightning mix'd, water with fire,

That which I demand is, what peace of mind a sinner can have in
In ruin reconcil'd: nor slept the winds

this world, who knows not how soon he may be dispatched to that
Within their stony caves, but rush'd abroad

place of torment? Can he bind the hands of the Almighty, that he From the four hinges of the world, and fell

shall not snatch him away till he doth repent? or can he reverse On the vex'd wilderness.

the decrees of heaven, or suspend the execution of them? Can
Milton's Paradise Regained, book iv. he abrogate the force of his laws, and make his own terms with God?
Hey, boys! she scuds away, and by my head I know,

Stilling fleet's Sermons.
We round the world are sailing now.

Nor is it well, nor can it come to good,
What dull men are those that tarry at hoine,

That, through profane and infidel contempt
When abroad they might wantonly roam,

or holy writ, she (London] has presum'd t'annul
And gain such experience, and spy too

And abrogate, as roundly as she may,
Such countries and wonders, as I do!

The total ordinance and will of God.
Gouley's Ode (sitting and drinking in the chair made out of the

Couper's Task, book i.
relics of Sir F. Drake's ship.]
God hath made care and sweat, prudence and diligence, expe- ABROMA, formed of a and Bpwua, q. d. 'not fit for
rience and watchfulness, wisdom and labour at home, and good food;' used in opposition to Theobroma, as a genus of
guides abroad, to be instruments and means to purchase virtue.

Taylor's Sermons. plants belonging to the natural order of Columniferæ,
Qu. M. Speak then, for speech is morning to the mind,

the Malvaceæ of Jussieu, and the 18th class of polya-
It spreads the beauteous images abroad.

delphia dodecandria. Dryden's Duke of Guise, act ii. sc. 1. ABRUG-BANYA, a rich and populous town of It is not unknown to any that observes the state of things in the Transylvania, in the province of Weissenburg, abounding world, how many erroneous religions are scattered abroad in the

with mines of gold and silver. E. lon. 23°, 24'. Ni lat. world ; and how industrious meu of false persuasions are to make

50'. proselytes.

Hale's Contemplations.
None [of the bees] range abroad when winds and storms are nigh, ABRUPT', adj.) Ab: rumpo, ruptus. To break off,
Nor trust their bodies to a faithless sky,

ABRUP'TION, or away from. Broken off from.
But make small journeys, with a careful wing,
And is to water at a neighbouring spring.

ABRUPT'LY, Generally used where the breach
Addison's Translations. Virgil, Georg. iv.

ABRUPT'NESS. and separation is sudden, or

violent, or hasty, or unexpected.
Arouise your conqu’ring troops : let Angus guard
The convent with a chosen band. The soul

Troy. O Cressida, how often have I wisht me thus?
Of treason is abroad!

Cres. Wisht my lord ? The gods grant ! O my lord.
Smollett's Regicide, act v. sc. i. Troy. What should they grant? What makes this pretty
While the national honour is firmly maintained abroad, and while abruption: what too curious dreg espies my sweete lady in the foun-

taine of our loue ?
justice is impartially administered at home, the obedience of the
subject will be voluntary, cheerful, and I might almost say, in-

Shakespeare, Tr. & Cr. p. 90. liinited.

Junius, Letter i.

Or if thou hast not broke from companie
AB'ROGATE, v. Ab: rogo. Rogare legem, is to ask Abruptly, as my passion now makes me,

Thou hast not lou'd.
A B'ROGATE, the people for their votes upon

Id. As You Like It, p. 191. act ii..
ABROG ACTioN. a law proposed, to propose a
law; and subsequently, to pass a law: and abrogare

Pardon, if my abruptnesse breed disease ;

“ He merits not t'offend, that hastes to please.” legem, to repeal; to annul; abolish a law: and in this

Jonson's Part of the King's Entertainment in passing application the word is usually found in English.

to his Coronation, Beside this, all estatutes made by king Edward, were clerely

The divel he is a spirit, and hath ineanes and opportanitie to reuoked, abrogated, and made frustrate.

Hall, p. 286.

mingle himselfe with our spirits, and sometimes more slily, soine-, I do not abrogate the grace of God; for if righteousness be by times more abruptly and openly, to suggest divelisb thoughts into the law, then Christ dyed without a cause.

our hearts. Geneva Bible, 1561. Galatians, chap. ii. v. 21.

Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy. Which fulfyllinge the lawe concluded oure religion within the Did not I note your dark abrupted ends lynnitis of fayth and loue, all the ceremonies of the temple, both

Of words half spoke ; your

“ wells, if all were known?" sacred and canall abrogated.

Your short " I like not that?” your girds and buts ?
The Exposicion of Daniel, by George Joye, fo. 169, 170.

Ford's Love's Sacrifice, act iii. sc. 2.
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ABRUPT. The effects of whose (the sun's) activity are not precipitously line termmated at some certain point, cut off by an ABSCISSE. abrupted, but gradually proceed to their cessations.

ordinate to a curve. See MATHEMATICS, Div.i. ABSCISSE, Brown's Vulgar Errours, book vi. chap. X.


ABSCISSION, a figure of speech ; in which, after It is a rudeness in manners to depart from the house of our beginning a discourse, it is suddenly broken off, upon friend as soon as the tables are removed, and an act of irreligion the supposition that enough has been already, intiHow much more absurd and impious, then, were it for us to deparimated : as, “ Such a reception of a man so eminent, abruptly from the Lord's table.

supported by such credentials, having so important a Comber's Companion to the Temple, part iii. sect. 19. commission, at a moment so critical- -I need add Abrupt, with eagle-speed she cut the sky;

no more."
Instant invisible to mortal eye.

ABSCISSion, in Surgery, signifies the act of
Pope's Translation, Homer's Odyssey, book i. removing a morbid or superfluous part by an edged
Hence proceeds the surprizing warmth, and boldness of figure,

instrument. It is used by medical writers to denote
the abrupt transitions, the sudden lofty flights of the eastern writer's the termination of a disease in death before its decline.
and speakers, utterly contrary to the cool and regular genius of the Astrologers speak of the abscission of the light of a
European languages.

planet, by another outstripping it.
Secker's Sermons.

ABSCOND', r. ab: condo, to hide from(Condo est a
Abrupt and horrid as the tempest roars,

cum et do, quasi simul in interiorem locum do: ut Festus
Thunder and fash upon the steadfast shores,
Till he, that rides the whirlwind, checks the rain,

ait Vossius.) To hide from; to conceal; to secrete ;
Then all the world of waters sleeps again.

to depart or go away for the purpose of con

Couper's Retirement. cealment.
ABRUS, in Botany, a name of the Glycine, or

Ajax, to shun his [Pluto's] general power,

In vain abscondiea in a flower;
Knobbed-rooted Liquorice-vetch; a genus of plants

An idịc scene Tythonus acted,
belonging to the Diadelphia class; order, Papilionaccæ. When to a grasshopper contracted.
Abrus, in the Materica Medica, the name of a

Prior's Turtle and Sparrow, seed produced by one of the phascola, or kidney

When there are no more insects in the air, as in winter-time, those beans, commonly called Angola seeds.

birds (swallows] do either abscond, or betake themselves into hot

Ray's Wisdom of God in the Creation.
ABRUZZO, a Neapolitan province, consisting of two
grand divisions ; Ulteriore, and Citeriore ; Aquila, or T'he tripple bolt that lays all wrong in ruin!
Aquileia, and Chieti, are the respective capitals. These

That animates all right, the tripple sun!

Sun of the soul! her never-setting sun ! districts are divided by the river Pescara. The face

Triune, unutterable, unconceiv'd, of the country is diversified by the towering heights of

Absconding, yet demonstrable, great God ! the Appenines, the Monte Cavallo, and the snow-clad

Young's Night Thoughts.
summits of Monte Majello; whilst their sides, and the

Outlawry always supposes a precedent right of arresting, which
vallies and plains beneath, are rich in vegetables, fruits, has been defeated by the parties absconding
and animals of various kinds. The climate, however,

Blackstone's Commentaries.
is somewhat cold. The inhabitants carry on some trade

ABSENT', . in Turkey wheat, rice, oil, and wines ; but a still

AB'SENT, adj. greater article of their trade and commerce is wool,

Ab: esse. To be away from, to which is the staple commodity. The warlike nations


ABSENTEE', which formerly occupied this country have left a valu

be or go, or send away from. To ABSENTER,

retreat, to withdraw. able residue of monumental memorials and inscriptions.

ABSENT'MENT. It is probable, from their appearance, that the mountains contain veins of metallic ore; and the botanist The archebisshop desiryng the duke [Henry of Lancaster] to might find an ample field of research in the incalculable absent all other persons than suche as wer his copanions saied these

or like wordes to hym.

Hall, repr. 1809, p. 6.
variety of plants that adorn their surfaces, particularly
Monte-corno and Majello.

Oonli lyue ghe worthili to the gospel of crist, that whethir

whanne I come and se ghou; either absent I heere of ghou that ghe
ABSCESS, in Surgery, from ab: scedo, to separate; stonde in oo spyryt of oo wille, traueilinge togidre to the feitli of
a cavity containing pus; or a collection of puriform the gospel.
matter in a part.

Wiclif, Filipensis, chap. i.

Wyth fyre infernale in myne absence also
Ab: scindo, to cut off or away from.

I sall the follow, and fra the cald dede

Reyf from my membrys thys saul, in euery stede
The servant of the Lord must not strive; I mean in those cases

My goist sall be present the to aggrise.
where ineekness of instruction is the remedy: or if the case be irre-

Douglas, bke iv. p. 113. !
mediable, abscission by censures, is the penalty.
Taylor's Liberty of Prophesying, section xiii.

Lo badde is nothing els, but absence or negatiue of good, as dark.

ness is absence or negatiue of light
When a single syllable is cut off from the rest, it must either be Chaucer, third booke of the Test of Love, fol. 309, col. 1.
anited to the line with which the sense connects it, or be sounded

With burial brandes I absent shall thce trace :
When two syllables likewise are ab-
scinded from the rest, they evidently want some associate sounds to

And when cold death from life these limes deuides,
make them harmonious.

My gost ecbe where shall still on thee awaite.
Rambler, No. 90.

ABSCISSE, ABSCISSA, part of the diameter or

Ifloue forget himselfe by length of absence let

Who doth me guide (Owofull wretch) vnto this baited net, transverse axis of a conic section, intercepted between

Where doth encrease my care, nuch better were for me the vertex, or some other fixed point and a semiordi

As dumme as stone, all thing forgot, still absent for to be. nate. In a more general sense, it is the segment of a



as the pope.


But father nowe ye haue all herde,

ABSOLVE. ABSENT. Ho (Edward the Confessor] sent for home into England his Dephew Edward the sonne of king Edmund his brother, who by

In this maner howe I haue ferde

Of cheste, and of dissencion,
ABSOLVE. reason of his long absence out of the country, was commonly
called the Outlawe.

Yeue me your absolucion.
Stow's Chronicle, Howes's Ed.

Gower, Con. A. book iii.
He (Wiclife] denyed ye Bishop to have authoritie to excommuni-
Call hither,
I say bid come before vs Angelo,

cate any person; and that any priest might absolve such a one as well

Stow's Chronicle, Houes's Ed. 1614, p. 272.
What figure of vs thinke you, he will beare.
For you must know we have with speciall soule

Pray speake in English; heere are some will thanke you,
Elecied him our absence to supply;

If you speake truth, for their poore Mistris sake;
Lent him our terror, drest him with our loue.

Beleeue me, she has had much wrong. Lord Cardinall,
Shakespeare, M. for M. p. 61, act i. sc. 1. The willing'st sinne I euer yet committed,

May be absolu'd in English.
Drie. Not see him since? Sir, sir, that cannot be:

Shakespeare, H. VIII. p. 218, act i. sc. 1.
But were I not the better part made mercie,
I should not seeke an absent argument

Duke. Be absolute for death: either death or life
Of my reuenge, thon present.

Shall thereby be the sweeter.
ld. As You Like It, p. 194. act iii. sc. 2.

Ib. M. for M. p. 70, act üi. sc. 1.
-Night with her will bring

Now if to salve this anomaly, we say the heat of the sun is more
Silence; and sleep, listening to thee, will watch,

powerful in the southern tropick, because in the sign of capricorn
Or we can bid his ubsence, till thy song

falls out the perigeum, or lowest place of the sun in his eccentrick, End, and dismiss thee ere the morning shine.

whereby he becomes nearer unto them than unto the other in cancer, Milton's Paradise Lost, book vi.

we shall not absolve the doubt.

Brown's Vulgar Errours, book vi. chap, x.
Polix. But when against his custom, they perceiv'd
The King absented, streight the rebels met,

BAR. Finding in his conscience
And roar'd, they were undone.

A tender scruple of a fault long since
Dryden's Duke of Guise, act iii. sc. 1.

By him committed, thinks it not sufficient
It is observed, that in the sun's total eclipses, when there is no part

To be absolu'd of 't by his confessor, of his body discernible, yet there does not always follow so great a

If that in open court he publish not darkness as might be expected from bis total absence.

What was so long conceal'd.
Bishop Wilkins's Discovery of a new World.

Beaumont and Fletcher's Spanish Curale, act iii. sc. 3.
In every age, the absence of genuine inspiration is supplied by

We are bounde to heare the Pope, and his Cardinalles, and other the strong illusions of enthusiasm, and the mimic arts of impos- like Scribes, and Phariseis, not absolutely, or without exception, what

Gibbon's Roman Empire.

so ever they liste to saie; but only so long, as they teache the lawe of

What is commonly called an absent man, is commonly either a

Jewel's Defence of the Apologie. very weak, or a very affected man. Chesterfield, Leiter xü.

We must know what is to be meant by absolute, or absolutenes ;
Whether if there was no silver or gold in the kingdom, our trade

whereof I finde two main significations. First, absolute signifieth might not nevertheless supply bills of exchange, sufficient to answer

perfect and absolutenessé, perfection : hetice we have in Latin this the demand of absentees in England, or elsewhere?

Bishop Berkeley's Querist.

expression, Perfectum est omnibus, numeris absolutum. And in our

vulgar language we say, a thing is absolutely good, when it is perAbsence, in Scots Law, when a person cited fectly good. Next, absolute signifieth free from tye or bond. before a court does not appear, and judgment is pro

Knor's History of the Reformation. Preface. nounced. No person can be tried criminally in

It is fatal goodness left to fitter times, absence.

Not to increase, but to absolve, our crimes.

Dryden's Poem to the Lord Chancellor Hyde.
ABSIS, in Astronomy, the same with apsis.
Ab: solto, solutus. To loose, or

The proper object of love, is not so much that which is absolutely

good in itself, as that which is relatively so to us.
free from. To loose or free from ;

Bp. Wilkins's Sermon on the Hope of Rewarde.
To clear from difficulty ; from

Though an absolutory sentence should be pronounced in favour of
guilt; or the consequences of the persons--yet if adultery shall afterwards be truly proved, he

guilt; to acquit, to pardon. The may again be proceeded against as an adulterer.
adj. and nouns are applied to that

which is free from bound, restric-

As the priests of the law were to pronounce a blessing upon
tion, uncertainty, imperfection.

the offerers, so those of the gospel are to dispense of the blessing of

absolution unto the penitent. But let the sonne of perdicion perisshe, and absolue we the

Comber's Companion to the Temple, part i. sect. iv. chapter, the aungel yet speking with Daniel. The Exposicion of Duniet, by George Joye, p. 146.

Reason pursued is faith ; and unpursued

Where proof invites, 'tis reason, then, no more:
For the nature ne tooke not her begynning, of thynges amenused And such our proof, That, or our faith is right,
and imparfite, but it proceedeth of thynges that been all hole Or Reason lies, and Heaven designed it wrong:
Eboolute, and discendeth so down into the vttrest thynges, and into Absolve we this?
thynges empty and without fruit.

Young's Complaint, Night IV.
Chaucer. Third booke of Boecius, fol. 226, col. 2.
Furthermore, if I myghte be bold with Rastel, I wolde aske him

Aspasia. Since fear predominates in every thought, tbis question, whether God haue not an absolute iustice as wel as an

And sways thy breast with absolute dominion. absolute power? If God have also an absolute iustice, then can not

Johnson's Irene, act ii. sc. 1. his absolute power preuayle vntyll his absolute iustice be fullie Possibly one part of the office (for the sick] may seem to have countrepyased. A Boke made by Johan Fryth, printed 1548. ascribed so bigh a power to the minister, of absolving the sick from

their sins, as may lead them into great mistakes.
At þer wille salle pou be, Sir, we se it wele,

Secker's Sermons.
Calle ageyn thin oth, drede pou no manace,
Nouþer of lefe ne loth, bi lordschip to purchace

Rocking sets children to sleep better than absolute rest; there is
pou may fulle lightly haf absolutioun,

indeed scarce any thing at that age, which gives more pleasure than For it was a gilery, pou knew not per tresoun.

to be gently lifted up and down. R. Brunne, p. 215.

Burke on the Sublime and Beautiful,

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