Зображення сторінки
[merged small][ocr errors]

ABŁU- of whom the Roman Catholics still occasionally prac

And how the tempest all began,

ABOARD. TION. tise it before and after mass. The Syrians, Copts,

And how he lost his steresman

Which that the sterne, or he tooke kepe, &c. have their annual solemn washings; the Turks ABOARD.


Smote ouer the bord as he slepe. their greater and lesser ablutions. The superstitious

Chaucer, Fame, b. i. fo. 277. c. 2. attachment of the Hindoostanees for the river Ganges

But there it resteth and abode, is such, that ablution in its streams is placed amongst This great shịp on anker rode; the first duties of their religion. And when, from

The lorde come forth, and when he sigh necessity, they cannot reach that river, if in bathing

That other ligge on borde so nighe;

He wondreth, what it might bee,
they use the exclamation,' Ganges, purify me!' the

And bad mien to go in and see.
Brahmins assure them that the service is equally effi-

Gower, Con. A. book ii:
cacious. All the oriental religions abound with And afterwards, a great wynde and tépest arisyng in yo sea, by
this ceremony, which Mahomet very naturally adopted meane wherof, thair shippes might no longar tary there, for thai,
into his code of observances; and which has pervaded, that it was a place we out porte; one part of the embarqued thëself.
under various modes, every religious institute, true in the porte of Philie.

And passing bifore a rohky place, called Ithis, they came to aborde
or false.

Thucidides, by Thomas Nicolls, Lon. 1550, fo. 53. p. 1.
ABLUTiON, in the Romish church, is also used for

Resolvid he said: And rigg'd with speedy care,
a sup of wine and water, anciently taken after the

A vessel strong, and well equipp'd for war, host, to wash it down. Sometimes it signifies the

The secret ship with chosen friends he stor'd; water used to wash the hands of the priest who conse

And bent to die or conquer, went aboard.
crated it.

Dryden, Cymon and Iph.
AB'NEGATE, v. Ab: nego (quasi, ne ago, says conveyed, with more sunshine than wind, aboard our ship.

We left this place about eleven in the morning, and were again
ABNEGATION, Vossius), to deny. Perhaps all

Fielding's Voynge to Lisbon.
ABNEG Astor. these words should be rejected as
at least needless. The verb is used by Dr. Johnson

I would at the same time penetrate into their thoughts, in

order to know whether your first abord made that advantageous
under the v. abjure, as synonymous with it.

impression upon their fancies, which a certain address, air, and
Let the princes be of what religion they please, that is all one manners, never fail doing.
to the most part of men; so that with abnegation of God, of his

Chesterfield, Letter clxxxvi.
honour, and religion, they may retain the friendship of the court. ABODE', v.
Knor's Letter to the Queen Regent of Scotland.

Sax. Boba. The first outward ex

ABNOBA, in Geography. See Abenow.


tremity, or boundary of any thing. ABO, the capital of Swedish Finland, situated in

Tooke, i. 444.

the promontory formed by the gulfs of Finland and

To abode, to bode, and to forebode, are used in the
Bothnia, on the river Aurajocki, 120 miles north-east

same manner, viz.
from Stockholm, E. lon. 22°, and N. lat. 20°, 20'. To see or diseern; to shew or exhibit some external,
It has a foreign trade of very considerable extent with superficial appearance, sign or token, from which we
this country, the Netherlands and the Mediterranean; infer good or ill.
and contains an extensive glass-house, and manufac-

Nay nay, it may nat stonden in this wise
tories of cotton, rope, cloths of various descriptions,

For nece mine, ibis writen clerkes wise and silk. It is a bishop's see, and the high court of That peril is with dretching in draw, justice for South Finland holds its sittings here. The

Nay, such abodes ben nat worth an baw. number of inhabitants is about 12,000. Gustavus Adol

Chaucer, the third Booke of Troilus, fol. 171, col. 2. phus, in 1628, established an academy here, which in

Edw. Tush, man, uboadments must not now affright vs.

By faire or foule meanes we must enter in, 1640 was converted by Queen Christina into an uni

Für hither will our friends repaire to vs. versity. The school of anatomy is in considerable

Shakespeare, 3 H. VI. act iv. sc. 7. repute; and enjoys, it is said, one very curious privi- For he [bishop Felix] brought all the province unto the faith, lege. All persons who hold lands or pensions from and workes of iustice, and in the end to rewarde of perpetuall the crown are bound to leave their bodies to be dis- blessednesse, according to the ubodement of his name, which in

Latine is called Felix, and in our English tongue, Happie.
sected for the instruction of the students.

Stow's Chronicle. Howes's ed. 1614, p. 61.
ABO-hus, or ABO-SLOT, an ancient castle in Finland,
near the mouth of the river Aura, and occasionally

ABOLA, a division of the Agow, in Abyssinia. It is
used as a state prison. It was the residence of Duke

a narrow valley, named from a river which runs John, and the prison of King Eric, in the 16th

through it, whose waters receive many tributary

On board. See BOARD.

streams. Here are many villages, and some romantic
A BORD', v.

Gower writes, on borde ; on the scenery.
or BORD',

borde. Chaucer, over the borde. ABOL'ISH, r.) Lat. Aboleo. Gr. Ολεω, ολλυμε,
A BORD', n.
Douglas, within burd, on burd, ABOL'ISHMENT,


to hurt, to destroy.

S to
To Abord or bord, is to come or go on board ;

To destroy, to deprive of power; to annul, to abro-
to approach, to accoast, or accost, and, then, to gate; to annihilate.

The inhabitauntes of the north partes being by the meanes of cer.
Of gold per is a borde, & tretels per bi,

tayne abbottes and ignorant priestes not a little stirred and
of siluer oper vesselle gilte fulle richeli.

prouoked for the suppression of certain monasteries, and for the R. Brunne, p. 152.

extirpacion and abholishyng of the byshoppe of Rome, saiying, see

frendes nowe is taken from vs fower of the vii. sacramentes, and And whã we hat gottě a shippe ye wolde sayle vnto Phenices, we shortly ye shall lese the other thre also ; and thus the fayth of holy weat aborde in to it, and set forth

churche shajl vtterly be suppressed and abholished. Bible, Lond. 1539, Actes, chap. xxi.

Hull, repr. 1809, p. 820.

on bord.

ABOMSH. He hath giren it them moreoner to doe these thinges to his glory: cloak. Varro and Martial consider the toga to have ABOLLA. throgh the agreement of faith that they haue in the vnitie of his been a garment of peace; while the abolla was generally

ABOMIABOLLA. godly truth, to the abolishment of all sects, false prophets, and couiurers of Egipt. a part of the camp equipage. There seem to have

NATE. Bale, Image of bothe Churches. W. 3. been different kinds of abollæ, appropriated to different Now to thentent that ye may yet farther perceiue and se, that persons. Kings appear to have used it; for Caligula they by the distruccion of the clergy, meane the clere ubolycion of is said to have been offended with Ptolemy for appearChristes faith : it may like you to conferre, and compare together ing at the shows in a purple abolla, which attracted ii places of hys beggars bill.

the public attention from the jealous tyrant. Sir Thos. More's Works, p. 311.

Thus, M. Hardinge, it is plaine by the judgment of your owne
doctors, that were your auriculare confession quite abolish'd, yet the fourth stomach of ruminating animals. It is in
might the people notwithstandinge haue ful remission of theire the abomasus of calves and lambs, that the runnet or

Jewel's Defence of the Apologie. earning is formed wherewith milk is curdled. See
With silly weake old woman thus to fight ;-

ANATOMY, Div. ii.
Great glory and gay spoile sure hast thou got,


, τ. And stoutly prov'd thy puissaunce here in sight;


Ab: ominor, omen (velut ore-
That shall Pyrrhocles well requite, I wot,


men, Festus) to turn from as a
And with thy bloud abolish so reproacheful blot.

Spenser's Faerie Queen, book ii. canto vi.

bad omen. Malum omen depre

cari. Junius.
Moi. That row perform’d, fasting shall be abolish'd:

None ever serv'd Heav'n well with a starv'd face :

To turn from as ill omened. To loath or abhor, hate
Preach abstinence no more; I tell thee, Mufty,

or detest, to accurse or execrate.
Good feasting is devout.

Dryden's Don Sebastian, act i. s. 1. Thei knowlochen that thei knowen god, but bi dedis thei denyen Though he [the Church of England man] will not determine whanne thei ben abomynable and unbileesful and reprenable to al wliether episcopacy be of divine right, he is sure it is most agreeable

good werk.

Wiclif, Tyte, chap. i. to primitive institution, fittest of all others for preserving order and And he seide to hem, ye it ben that justifyen you bifore men; purity, and’under its present regulations best calculated for our civil but God hath knowen youre bertis, for that that is high to men: state : he should therefore tbink the abolishment of that order is abhomynacioun bifore God. anong us, would prove a mighty scandal and corruption to our

Ib. Luke, chap. xvi. faith. Swift's Sentiments of a Church of England man.

And now thay moderis, and thay vnweildly mnen,
The abolition of Spiritual Courts (as they are called) would shake Quhain till vmqubile for til behald and ken
the very foundation on which the establishment is erected.

The seyis figure was abhominabil,
Warburton's Alliance between Church and State.

And eik the force therof intollerabill;

Now wald thay wend for all the seyis rage. ABOLITION, in our law, a destroying, effacing, or Reddy to thole all trauel in vayage. putting out of memory; it signifies also the repealing

Douglas, booke v. p. 153. any law or statute. The leave given by a prince or Al whom therfore by the whole thousande on an heape (for na fewas judge to a criminal accuser to desist from farther pro- he nombreth them) dothe thys dyuelyshe dronken soule abominablye, secution of the accused, is in the most appropriate blaspheme, and calleth them lyars and falsefiers of scripture, and sense denominated abolition. 25 H. VIII. c, xxi.

Sir Thomas More's Works,


679. ABOLition is used, among civilians, for the remitting the punishment of a criine. It is, in this sense, a kind of upon as an unclean and impure creature, namely, wallowing in the

That very action for which the swine is abominated, and looked amnesty; the punishment, not the infamy, being taken mire, is designed by nature for a very good end and use; not only off. Among the Roman lawyers, it is the annulling of a to cool his body, but also to suffocate and destroy noisome and in prosecution: and in this sense, it differs from amnesty:

portunate insects. for, in the former, the accusation might be renewed

Ray's Wisdom of God in the Creation.

Where all life dies, death lives, and nature breeds, even by the same prosecutor, but, in the latter, it was

Perverse, all monstrous, all prodigious things, finally extinguished. Abolition also meant the ex

Abominable, inutterable, and worse punging a person's name from the public list of the

Than fables yet have feign'd, or fear conceiv'd, accused, hung up in the treasury. Under Augustus, Gorgons, and hydras, and chimeras dire. all the names which had long hung up were expunged

Milton's Paradise Lost, book is at once; or it was done privately at the motion of

Thy kingdom come, O Lord, for in this realme is nothing one of the parties. Abolition of debts, according to amongst such as should popish vice and maintain vertue, but abomi

nation abounding without bridle. the Theodosian code, was sometimes granted to those

Knox's History of the Reformation. who were indebted to the fiscus. A medal of the

Such honour [lip-honour] is indeed no honour at all, but impudent emperor Adrian has come down to us, which repre- abuse, and profane mockery: for what can be more abominably vain, sents that prince with a sceptre in one hand, and a than for a man to court and cajole him who knows his whole heart, lighted torch in the other, with which he sets fire to who sees that he either minds not, or means not what he says ?

Barrow's Sermons. several papers before the people, who testify their joy and gratitude by lifting up their hands towards heaven.

If envy is thus confessedly bad, and it be only emulation that is The legend on the medal is, Reliqua vetera H. S. nummis great care taken, that children may know the one from the other

endeavoured to be awakened in children, surely there ought to he abolita. An action of injury was abolished by dissi- That they may abominate the one as a great crime, whilst they give mulation ; a sentence of condemnation by indulgence.

the other admission into their minds, ABOLLA, (αμβολη, or αναβολη) an ancient military

Law's Serious Cali. garment, lined or doubled, worn by the Greeks and ABOMINATION, a Scripture phrase for idolatry of Romans. Critics and antiquaries are greatly at various descriptions, and designed to express the variance as to the form and varieties of this garment. Divine detestation of all false worship. The Jews were By some it has been thought to be a species of toga, to sacrifice in the wilderness “ the abominationof the or gown; by Nonnius and others, a kind of pallium or Egyptians; that is, their sacred animals, as a means

[ocr errors]

ABOMI- of weaning them from their attachment to the customs she bare ; it lay thenceforth open and clear in every man's eye, that ABORT. NATE. of that singular people. Thus the Chaldee interpreters, the fastest cement to hold her father and husband together ; there ABOVE.

the Syriac, St. Jerome, and others, quoted-by Whitby, would ensue but a dry and sandy friendship between them. ABORT. understand the singular use of the word, Exod. viii. 26,

Reliquiæ Wottoniona. which we can hardly suppose to have been addressed

The latter casuists

* justly hold, that to give to the Egyptian monarch, as it literally stands.

any such expelling or destructive medicine, with a direct intention ABONI, a town in Africa, near the slave coast, to work an aborsement, whether before or after animation, is utterly which gives name to a province rich in gold.

uplawful and highly sinful. ABONNEMENT, a military agreement entered into

Bishop Hall's Cases of Conscience. by any corporation, or public anthority, for supplying The like may be said of the other law of Aristotle concerning aboran army with provisions.

tion or the destruction of a childe in the mother's wombe, being a ABORAS, in Xenophon called Araxes, a river of thing punished severely by all good lawes, as injurions not onely to

nature, but also to the cominon-wealth, which thereby is deprived of Mesopotamia, which rose near the Tigris, and lowed

a designed citizen. into the Euphrates at Circesium. In the negociation

Hakewill's Apologie, lib. iv. cap. ii. sect. iv.
between Diocletian and Narses, it was fixed as the

But power, your grace, can above nature give,
boundary between the Roman and Persian empires, It can give power to make abortives live.
A. D. 297.

Cowley's Poems
ABORIGINES, a people of Italy, who inhabited the The

purpose of this discourse is to represent in what state of things ancient Latium, now called Romania, or Campagna di

our pardon stands here ; and that it is not only conditional, but of Roma. The origin and propriety of this appellation therefore if it be not nurs'd and maintain’d by the proper


itself a mutable effect, a disposition towards the great pardon, and is a subject of so much controversy among antiquaries, of its progression, it dies like an abortive conception, and shall not that we can only profess to give the leading opinions. have that immortality whither it was designed. The Aborigines, then, are distinguished from the Jani

Taylor's Polemical Discourses. genæ, who are stated to have inhabited the country

Round him (Bays) much embryo, much abortion lay, before them; from the Siculi, whom they conquered;

Much future ode, and abdicated play: from the Grecians, from whom they are said to have been

Nonsense precipitate, like running lead,

That slipp'd through crags and zig-zags of the head. descended; from the Latins, whose name they assumed

Pope's Dunciad, book i. after their union with Eneas and the 'Trojans; and lastly, from the Ausonii, Volsci, Oenotrii, &c. Dion. Antiq. care, prosecuted without vigour, will easily be dashed and prova

Any enterprize undertaken without resolution, managed without Rom. I. i. c. 10, ap. op. t. i. p. 8-11 ed. Oxon. St. abortive, ending in disappointment, damage, disgrace, and dissatisJerome derives their name from their being absque faction.

Barrow's Sermons. origine, the primitive planters of the country after the

ABORTION. See MIDWIFERY. flood. Aurelius Victor suggests that they were called Aborigines, q. d. Aberrigines, from ab "" from," and ABORTION, among gardeners, signifies such fruits crrare

“ to wander;" as having been before a wan- as are produced too early, aná never arrive at madering people, and met by accident in Italy. Pausanias turity. thinks they were thus called, ano opeol,

is from moun

ABORTIVE Corn, a distemper in corn mentioned by tains;" which opinion seems confirmed by Virgil, in M. Tillet, and suspected to be occasioned by insects. the eighth book of the Æneid, v. 321. Others again It appears long before harvest, and may be known by maintain them to be Arcadians, brought at different a deformity of the stalk, the leaves, the ear, and even times into Italy, and to have derived their name from the grain. he mountains of Arcadia, opewv yevos: affirming that

ABORTIVE VELLUM, is made of the skin of an

abortive calf.
they were first planted here under the conduct of Oeno-
trius, son of Lycaon, 450 years before the Trojan war;

ABOU Hannes, a bird of Abyssinia, so called, bethen in a second party from Thessaly; a third under cause it appears on St. John's day: the term signifying Evander, sixty years before the Trojan war; ,besides father John. At this season, all water-fowl that are another under Hercules; and another of Lacedemo- birds of passage resort to Ethiopia, when the tropical nians, who fled from the severe discipline of Lycurgus: rains first mix with the Nile. This bird, in the opinion all of whom constituted the Aborigines.

of Mr. Bruce, is the Ibis of the ancients. It is four The name Aborigines, is used in modern times to and a half

inches in length. denote the primitive inhabitants of a country, in con

ABOVE', prep. A. S. Bufan-Be-ufan.

Bove, top tradistinction to colonists.

or head.

R. Brunne, and the elder English authors ABORT', 0. Ab: orior, to rise from; applied In R. 'Gloucester and R. Brunne, it is applied as

write it, Abonen--Abowen-G. Douglas, Abone, Abufe. Abort', n. to that ; quod non sit tempestive uppermost or superior in rank and power, rank, &c.; and ABORTION, ortum ; which has arisen out of sea

beneath, is opposed to it. ABORSE'MENT, To rise or spring from; un

It is usual to consider abore as a preposition and ABOR'tive, seasonably, untimely. To produce

an adverb : but the meaning remains the same. A BOR'TIVE, adj. or bear prematurely or unnaturally;

It is much used in composition. Abore-board has a ABOR'TIVELY, to miscarry, or fail in bearing the metaphorical application to that which is uncovered, ABORT'MENT. full time.

unconcealed, undisguised.
Tbou eluish mark'd abortive rooting hogge,
Thou that was seal'd in thy natiuitie

& God sent him tokenyng on nýght als he slepe,
The slaue of nature, and the sonne of hell.

Dat he suld fynd a palmere orly at morn,
Shakespeare's Richard III. act. i. sc. 3.

At þe south gate, alone as he was born,

& if he wild praie him, for Jhesu Criste's lone, And Julia (the daughter of Julius Cæsar, and the wife of Pompey), He wild do be batailc, & þei suld be aboue. a little before dying of an abort in childbed, together with the infant

R. Brunne, p. 32.


[ocr errors]

ABOVE And thus thou might wel vnderstonde

as it is writàn, he delide abrood, he ghaf to pore men his rightwys- ABOUND. My sonne, if thou art sucbe in loue,

nesse dwellith withouten ende. ABOUND.

Thon inight not come at thyn aboue

Wiclif. 2 Corynth, chap. ix.
Of that thou woldest wel acheue.

Sewerly the scripture aboundeth with examples, teching vs, all

Gouer, Con. A. bk, iv. present and longe felicite to be grettly suspect.
Wherfore, Melibeus, this is oure sentence; we conseille you,

The Exposicion of Daniel, by George Joye, f. 50. c. ii.
eboten alle thing, that right anon thou do thy diligence in keping of

Ther as a wedded man in his estat, the propre persone, in swiche a wise that thou ne want non espie ne

Liveth a lif blisful and ordinat
watche, thy body for to save.

Under the yoke of mariage y bound:
Chaucer's Tale of Delibeus.

Wel may bis herte in joye and blisse abound,
On Lord, on faith, on God withouten mo,

For who can be so buxom as a wif?
On Cristendom, and fadir of all also

Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale.
Aboven all, and over all every wher:

This hellys monstoure (Alecto] ful of wrath and fede,
Thise wordes all with gold ywriten were.

Hissit, and quhislyt with sa fiel eddir soundis,
Chaucer, lhe second Nonnes Tale.

And his tigure sa grisly grete haboundis,
Allace, how great a batal and debate

Wyth glourand ene byrnand of flambis blak.
Sal be betuix thaym, gif they til estate

Douglus, b. vii. p. 222.
May cum abufe and to the licht of lyfe,

The bodily marchandize, that is leful and honest, is this, that ther
O low greet slauchter, assemblis, and huge stryffe

as God hath ordeined, that a regne or a contree is suffisant to himself,
Sall thay exerce and nioue into tbare dayis!

than it is honest and leful, that of the haboundaunce of this contree

Douglas, booke vi. men helpe another contree that is nedy ; and therfore ther must be
But one thing yet there is aboue all other :

marchants to bring fro on contree to another hir marchandise.
I gave him winges, wherewith he might up flie

Chaucer. The Persones Tale.
To honour and fame ; and if he woulde to liygher

Euery wight in soche yearthly weale habundaunt is holde noble,
Then mortal things, aboue the starry skye.

precious, benigne, and wise, to doe what he shall, in any degree that

men him set, all be it that the soihe be in the contrary of all tho I'll sing the mighty riddle of mysterious love,

thinges; but he that can ne neur so well him behanie, and ħath vertue Which neither wretched men below, nor blessed spirits above.

haboundunt, in manifolde manners, and be not wealthed with soch With all their comments can explain;

yearthly goodes is holde for a foole, and saide his witte is but

How all the whole world's life to die did not disdain !
Couley's Christ's Passion.

Chaucer. First booke of Test of Love, fol. 294, ch. iv.
They that speak ingenuously of bishops and presbyters, say, that

And britheren, we preien ghou, that ghe knowe hem that traveilen
a bishop is a great presbyter, and during the time of his being bishop, ghou that ghe have hem aboundauntli in charite, and for the werk

among ghou, and ben sonereyns to ghou in the lord, and techen
above a Presbyter : as your President of the College of Physicians of hein haue ghe pees with hem.
is abeve the resi, yet he himself is no more than a Doctor of Physick.
Selden's Table Talk.

Wiclif. 1 Tessal. chap. v.
O, giver of eternal bliss,

She [Fortune) eyther giues a stomack, and no foode,
Heavenly Father, grant me this ;

(Such are the poore in health), or else a feast,
Grant it all, as well as ipe,

And takes away the stomack, (such are the rich,
All whose hearts are fix'd on thee;

That haue aboundance and enjoy it not.)
Who revere thy Son above,

Shakespeare, 2 Henry IV. aci iv. sc. 4.
Who thy sacred Spirit love.
Parnell's Hymn for Morning.

“ There did I see our conquer'd fathers fall

“ Before the English, on that fatal ground, And sure if aught below the seats divine

“ When as to ours their viumber was but small, Can teach immortals, 'tis a soul like thine ;

“ And with brave spirits France ne'er did more abound; A soul supreme, in cach hard instance try'd;

" Yet oft that battle into mind I call, Above all pain, all passion, and all pride.

" Whereas of ours, one man seem'd all one wound.”
Pope's Ep. to Earl Mortimer.

Drayton's Battle of Agincourt.
The religion of the gospel is spiritual: the religion of the Jews, as
they made it, was carnal" The gospel places morality above rites and

He goes lightly, that wants a load. If there be more pleasure in

abundance, there is more security in a mean estate: ceremonies : the Jews preferred, in their practice at least, the ritual

Bishop Hall's Contemplations. jaw to the moral.

Jortin's Discourses.

The elements due order here maintain, ABOUKIR, an inconsiderable town of Egypt, about And pay their tribute in of warmth and rain: 10 miles from Alexandria. It is the Canopus of the

Cool shades and streams, rich fertile lands abound, ancients, and is described by Strabo as situated on an

And Nature's bounty flows the seasons tound.

Otway's Windsor Castle.
island. It has been brought into notice in modern
times by the expedition of the French into Egypt, who conferring wealth or riches, gave only place and distinction to the

The Romans abounded with little honorary rewards, that without
took the town, after a vigorous defence, from the person who received them.
Turks ;-and here Sir Ralph Abercromby, in 1801,

Guardian, No. 96.
landed the British army, which finally expelled the

Through the lighten'd air
French. The Bay, which is formed on the west side

A higher lustre and a clearer calm,
of the town by the promontory on which it is situated,

Diffusive, tremble; while, as if in sign is distinguished for another memorable triumph of the

Of danger past, a glittering robe of joy,

Set off abundant by the yellow ray,
British arms: here the glorious battle of the Nile was

Invests the fields; and Nature smiles reviv'd.
fought by Admiral Lord Nelson, in 1798.

Thomson's Summer.
ABOUND', 7. Abundo, ab: unda, from a wave. Aristotle, in his Politics, hath proved ubundantly to my satisfac-
ABOUND'IxG, To come or be, to flow, to over- tion, that no men are born to be slaves, except barbarians : and these
ABUN'DANCE, -flow in great quantity or number; only to such as are not themselves barbarians.

Fielding's Voyage to Lisbon.
as wares from the sea; to be rich,
ABUN'DANTLY.) copious or plentiful.

ABOUT", Sax. abuta. On buta. On boda. Boda,
And god is myghti to make al grace abounden in ghou, that ghe in

the first outward extremity or boundary of any thing.
alle thingis euerinorc ban al sufficience and abounde into al good werk It is variously written-Abouten, Aboute, About.



ABOUT. Engelond ys a wel god lond, ich wene of eche lond beat ABRA, a silver coin in Poland, worth about an ABRA.

Y set in be ende of be world, as al in þe West.
De see gob hym al aboute, he stout as a nyle.

English shilling. It is current in several parts of

ABRADE. R. Gloucester, p. 1.

Germany, and through the dominions of the Grand

Goggomagog was a geand swipe grete and strong,

ABRACADABRA, a magical word, which has been
A boute four and twenti fet me seiß he was long.

Id. p. 22.

recommended as an antidote against agues and several Ac bo be belle was ybrougþ. and be byze hongede,

other diseases, particularly the fever called by the
Ther was no ratou of al be route, for al be reame of physicians hemitritæus. The word is to be written on

paper as many times as the word contains letters,
Ba þerste have bonde be belle, a brute pe cattes necke omitting the last letter of the former every time, and
Ne have it hongid u'boute h'hals.
Vision of Piers Plouhman, repr. 1813, p. 10.

repeated in the same order; and then suspended about

the neck by a linen thread.
For, brother min, take of me this motif,

ABRACADABRA, being the name of a god wora
I have now ben a court-man all my lif,
And God it not, though I unworthy be,

shipped by the Syrians, wearing it was considered as
I have stonden in ful gret degree,

an invocation of his aid.
Abouten lordes of ful high estat :

ABRADE', v. Ab: rado, to rub or scrape off.
Yet had I never with non of hem debat,

Abra'sion, “The verb to bray, (french broyer,)
I never hem contraried trewely.

ABRAIDE', i. e. to pound or beat to pieces,
Chaucer. The Marchantcs Tale.

BRAIDE'. though now obsolete (says Tooke)
Thou blinded God (quod I) forgene me this offence,
Unwillingly I went about, to malice thy pretence.

was formerly very common in our language.'

Surrey. The past tense is written indiscriminately braide,
Who? What an asse am I? I sure, this is most braue, abraide, and the word is applied to any sudden or vio-
That I, the Sonne of the Deere murtbered,

lent action or motion.
Prompted to my reuenge by Heauen, and Hell,
Must like a whore) vnpacke my heart with words,

To break, pull or tear; to start, leap or spring.
And fall a cursing like a very drab,

To make an eruption, assault, sally, onset, insur-
A scullion? Fye vpon't, foh.--About my braine.

rection, revolt. In Wiclif we find Debreyd.

And Up
Shakespeare, Hamlet, act ii. sc. 2. braid is in common use.
Fac. I; if I can strike a fine hooke into him now;

A gret ok he wolde breide a doun, as it a smal gerde were,
The Temple church ; there I have cast mine angle.

And bere forth in bis hond, þat folc forte a fere.
Well, pray for me. I'll about it.

R. Gloucester, p. 22.
Jonson's Alchemist, act ii. sc. 2.

De letter in his hand laid enselid and in silke bounde,
And as I wake, sweet music breathe

De envenomed knyfe out braid and gaf Edward a wounde.
Above, about, or underneath,

R. Brunne, p. 229.
Sent by some spirit to mortal good,
Or the unseen genius of the wood.

And Jhesus answerde and seyde to hem, a unfeithful generacioun
Milton's Il Penseroso. and wcyward: how longe schal I be at you, and suffre you bringe

hidur thy sone; And whenne he cam nygh, the devel hartlide him
He that goeth about to persuade a multitude, that they are not so doun and to brayde him and Jhesus blamede the unclene spirit; and
well governed as they ought to be, shall never want attentive and heelide the child, and took him to his fadir.
favourable hearers.
Hooker's Ec. Polity.

Wiclif, Luk. chap. ix.
Meditate and enquire with great diligence and exactness into the Jesus answered and sayde O faithlesse generacyon, and croked
nature, properties, circumstances, and relations of the particular sub- nacion ; how longe shall I be wyth you, and shall suffre you. Bryng
ject about which you judge or agree. You should survey a question thy sonne hyther. As he was yet a commyng, the fend rente him
round about, and on all sides, and extend your views as far as and tare him.

Bible, 1539. possible, to every thing that has a connexion with it.

Watte's Logick.

And Jhesus thretenyde him and seide, wexe donmbe and go out

of the man. And the unclene spirit dedreydynge him and cryinge First, for your bees a proper station find,

with grete voys went out fro bim.
That's fenc'd about and shelter'd from the wind;

Wiclif, Mark, chap. i.
For winds divert them in their flight, and drive
The swarms, when loaden homeward, from their hire.

And whan he cometh ther at
Addison's Translation of Virgil, Georg. iv.

And sigh his doughter, he to braide

His clothes, and wepende le saide.
We are always intending to lead a new life, but can never find
a time to set about it.
Tillotson's Sermons.

Gouer, Con, A. bk. iv,
For men to judge of their condition by the decrees of God which

This Jobu answered; Alein, avise thee:
are hid from us, and not by his word which is near us and in our

The miller is a perilous man, he sayde. hearts, is as if a man wandering in the wide sea, in a dark night

And if that he oui of his slepe abraide when the heaven is all clouded about, should yet resolve to steer his

He mighte don us bathe a vilanie. course by the stars which he cannot see, but only guess at, and

Alein answered; I count him at a Nie.

Chaucer. The Reres Tale.
neglect the compass, which is at hand and would afford him a much
better and more certain direction,


Up to the heven his hondes gan he bold,

And on his knees bare le set him doan,
ABOUT, the situation of a ship immediately after

And in his raving said his orisoun.
she has changed her course by going about and stand-

For veray wo out of his wit he braide,

He n'iste what he spake, but thus he saide.
ing on the other tack.— About ship,' is the order to

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale.
the ship's crew for tacking.
ABOUTIGE, a town of Upper Egypt, near the Nile, Whiles in this sort he did his tale pronounce;

With waiward looke she gan him ay behold,
where they make the best opium in the Levant. It

It stands on the

And roling eies, that moued to and fro: was formerly large, but is now mean.

With silence looke discoursing ouer al; site of Abotis: the burgh of Settefe, a little above it,

And forth jorage at last thus gan she brayde. représents the small city of Apollo. N. lat. 26°, 50'.


[ocr errors]
« НазадПродовжити »