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ABŁU- of whom the Roman Catholics still occasionally prac
And how the tempest all began,
ABOARD. TION. tise it before and after mass. The Syrians, Copts,
And how he lost his steresman
Which that the sterne, or he tooke kepe, &c. have their annual solemn washings; the Turks ABOARD.
Smote ouer the bord as he slepe. their greater and lesser ablutions. The superstitious
Chaucer, Fame, b. i. fo. 277. c. 2. attachment of the Hindoostanees for the river Ganges
But there it resteth and abode, is such, that ablution in its streams is placed amongst This great shịp on anker rode; the first duties of their religion. And when, from
The lorde come forth, and when he sigh necessity, they cannot reach that river, if in bathing
That other ligge on borde so nighe;
He wondreth, what it might bee,
And bad mien to go in and see.
Gower, Con. A. book ii:
And passing bifore a rohky place, called Ithis, they came to aborde
Thucidides, by Thomas Nicolls, Lon. 1550, fo. 53. p. 1.
Resolvid he said: And rigg'd with speedy care,
A vessel strong, and well equipp'd for war, host, to wash it down. Sometimes it signifies the
The secret ship with chosen friends he stor'd; water used to wash the hands of the priest who conse
And bent to die or conquer, went aboard.
Dryden, Cymon and Iph.
We left this place about eleven in the morning, and were again
Fielding's Voynge to Lisbon.
I would at the same time penetrate into their thoughts, in
order to know whether your first abord made that advantageous
impression upon their fancies, which a certain address, air, and
Chesterfield, Letter clxxxvi.
Sax. Boba. The first outward ex
tremity, or boundary of any thing. ABO, the capital of Swedish Finland, situated in
Tooke, i. 444.
To abode, to bode, and to forebode, are used in the
same manner, viz.
Nay nay, it may nat stonden in this wise
For nece mine, ibis writen clerkes wise and silk. It is a bishop's see, and the high court of That peril is with dretching in draw, justice for South Finland holds its sittings here. The
Nay, such abodes ben nat worth an baw. number of inhabitants is about 12,000. Gustavus Adol
Chaucer, the third Booke of Troilus, fol. 171, col. 2. phus, in 1628, established an academy here, which in
Edw. Tush, man, uboadments must not now affright vs.
By faire or foule meanes we must enter in, 1640 was converted by Queen Christina into an uni
Für hither will our friends repaire to vs. versity. The school of anatomy is in considerable
Shakespeare, 3 H. VI. act iv. sc. 7. repute; and enjoys, it is said, one very curious privi- For he [bishop Felix] brought all the province unto the faith, lege. All persons who hold lands or pensions from and workes of iustice, and in the end to rewarde of perpetuall the crown are bound to leave their bodies to be dis- blessednesse, according to the ubodement of his name, which in
Latine is called Felix, and in our English tongue, Happie.
Stow's Chronicle. Howes's ed. 1614, p. 61.
ABOLA, a division of the Agow, in Abyssinia. It is
a narrow valley, named from a river which runs John, and the prison of King Eric, in the 16th
through it, whose waters receive many tributary
streams. Here are many villages, and some romantic
Gower writes, on borde ; on the scenery.
borde. Chaucer, over the borde. ABOL'ISH, r.) Lat. Aboleo. Gr. Ολεω, ολλυμε,
to hurt, to destroy.
To destroy, to deprive of power; to annul, to abro-
The inhabitauntes of the north partes being by the meanes of cer.
tayne abbottes and ignorant priestes not a little stirred and
prouoked for the suppression of certain monasteries, and for the R. Brunne, p. 152.
extirpacion and abholishyng of the byshoppe of Rome, saiying, see
frendes nowe is taken from vs fower of the vii. sacramentes, and And whã we hat gottě a shippe ye wolde sayle vnto Phenices, we shortly ye shall lese the other thre also ; and thus the fayth of holy weat aborde in to it, and set forth
churche shajl vtterly be suppressed and abholished. Bible, Lond. 1539, Actes, chap. xxi.
Hull, repr. 1809, p. 820.
ABOMSH. He hath giren it them moreoner to doe these thinges to his glory: cloak. Varro and Martial consider the toga to have ABOLLA. throgh the agreement of faith that they haue in the vnitie of his been a garment of peace; while the abolla was generally
ABOMIABOLLA. godly truth, to the abolishment of all sects, false prophets, and couiurers of Egipt. a part of the camp equipage. There seem to have
NATE. Bale, Image of bothe Churches. W. 3. been different kinds of abollæ, appropriated to different Now to thentent that ye may yet farther perceiue and se, that persons. Kings appear to have used it; for Caligula they by the distruccion of the clergy, meane the clere ubolycion of is said to have been offended with Ptolemy for appearChristes faith : it may like you to conferre, and compare together ing at the shows in a purple abolla, which attracted ii places of hys beggars bill.
the public attention from the jealous tyrant. Sir Thos. More's Works, p. 311.
ABOMASUS, ABOMASIUS, or ABOMASUM, names of
Jewel's Defence of the Apologie. earning is formed wherewith milk is curdled. See
ANATOMY, Div. ii.
, τ. And stoutly prov'd thy puissaunce here in sight;
Ab: ominor, omen (velut ore-
men, Festus) to turn from as a
bad omen. Malum omen depre
To turn from as ill omened. To loath or abhor, hate
or detest, to accurse or execrate.
Dryden's Don Sebastian, act i. s. 1. Thei knowlochen that thei knowen god, but bi dedis thei denyen Though he [the Church of England man] will not determine whanne thei ben abomynable and unbileesful and reprenable to al wliether episcopacy be of divine right, he is sure it is most agreeable
Wiclif, Tyte, chap. i. to primitive institution, fittest of all others for preserving order and And he seide to hem, ye it ben that justifyen you bifore men; purity, and’under its present regulations best calculated for our civil but God hath knowen youre bertis, for that that is high to men: state : he should therefore tbink the abolishment of that order is abhomynacioun bifore God. anong us, would prove a mighty scandal and corruption to our
Ib. Luke, chap. xvi. faith. Swift's Sentiments of a Church of England man.
And now thay moderis, and thay vnweildly mnen,
The seyis figure was abhominabil,
And eik the force therof intollerabill;
Now wald thay wend for all the seyis rage. ABOLITION, in our law, a destroying, effacing, or Reddy to thole all trauel in vayage. putting out of memory; it signifies also the repealing
Douglas, booke v. p. 153. any law or statute. The leave given by a prince or Al whom therfore by the whole thousande on an heape (for na fewas judge to a criminal accuser to desist from farther pro- he nombreth them) dothe thys dyuelyshe dronken soule abominablye, secution of the accused, is in the most appropriate blaspheme, and calleth them lyars and falsefiers of scripture, and sense denominated abolition. 25 H. VIII. c, xxi.
Sir Thomas More's Works,
679. ABOLition is used, among civilians, for the remitting the punishment of a criine. It is, in this sense, a kind of upon as an unclean and impure creature, namely, wallowing in the
That very action for which the swine is abominated, and looked amnesty; the punishment, not the infamy, being taken mire, is designed by nature for a very good end and use; not only off. Among the Roman lawyers, it is the annulling of a to cool his body, but also to suffocate and destroy noisome and in prosecution: and in this sense, it differs from amnesty:
portunate insects. for, in the former, the accusation might be renewed
Ray's Wisdom of God in the Creation.
Where all life dies, death lives, and nature breeds, even by the same prosecutor, but, in the latter, it was
Perverse, all monstrous, all prodigious things, finally extinguished. Abolition also meant the ex
Abominable, inutterable, and worse punging a person's name from the public list of the
Than fables yet have feign'd, or fear conceiv'd, accused, hung up in the treasury. Under Augustus, Gorgons, and hydras, and chimeras dire. all the names which had long hung up were expunged
Milton's Paradise Lost, book is at once; or it was done privately at the motion of
Thy kingdom come, O Lord, for in this realme is nothing one of the parties. Abolition of debts, according to amongst such as should popish vice and maintain vertue, but abomi
nation abounding without bridle. the Theodosian code, was sometimes granted to those
Knox's History of the Reformation. who were indebted to the fiscus. A medal of the
Such honour [lip-honour] is indeed no honour at all, but impudent emperor Adrian has come down to us, which repre- abuse, and profane mockery: for what can be more abominably vain, sents that prince with a sceptre in one hand, and a than for a man to court and cajole him who knows his whole heart, lighted torch in the other, with which he sets fire to who sees that he either minds not, or means not what he says ?
Barrow's Sermons. several papers before the people, who testify their joy and gratitude by lifting up their hands towards heaven.
If envy is thus confessedly bad, and it be only emulation that is The legend on the medal is, Reliqua vetera H. S. nummis great care taken, that children may know the one from the other
endeavoured to be awakened in children, surely there ought to he abolita. An action of injury was abolished by dissi- That they may abominate the one as a great crime, whilst they give mulation ; a sentence of condemnation by indulgence.
the other admission into their minds, ABOLLA, (αμβολη, or αναβολη) an ancient military
Law's Serious Cali. garment, lined or doubled, worn by the Greeks and ABOMINATION, a Scripture phrase for idolatry of Romans. Critics and antiquaries are greatly at various descriptions, and designed to express the variance as to the form and varieties of this garment. Divine detestation of all false worship. The Jews were By some it has been thought to be a species of toga, to sacrifice in the wilderness “ the abomination” of the or gown; by Nonnius and others, a kind of pallium or Egyptians; that is, their sacred animals, as a means
ABOMI- of weaning them from their attachment to the customs she bare ; it lay thenceforth open and clear in every man's eye, that ABORT. NATE. of that singular people. Thus the Chaldee interpreters, the fastest cement to hold her father and husband together ; there ABOVE.
the Syriac, St. Jerome, and others, quoted-by Whitby, would ensue but a dry and sandy friendship between them. ABORT. understand the singular use of the word, Exod. viii. 26,
Reliquiæ Wottoniona. which we can hardly suppose to have been addressed
The latter casuists
* justly hold, that to give to the Egyptian monarch, as it literally stands.
any such expelling or destructive medicine, with a direct intention ABONI, a town in Africa, near the slave coast, to work an aborsement, whether before or after animation, is utterly which gives name to a province rich in gold.
uplawful and highly sinful. ABONNEMENT, a military agreement entered into
Bishop Hall's Cases of Conscience. by any corporation, or public anthority, for supplying The like may be said of the other law of Aristotle concerning aboran army with provisions.
tion or the destruction of a childe in the mother's wombe, being a ABORAS, in Xenophon called Araxes, a river of thing punished severely by all good lawes, as injurions not onely to
nature, but also to the cominon-wealth, which thereby is deprived of Mesopotamia, which rose near the Tigris, and lowed
a designed citizen. into the Euphrates at Circesium. In the negociation
Hakewill's Apologie, lib. iv. cap. ii. sect. iv.
But power, your grace, can above nature give,
purpose of this discourse is to represent in what state of things ancient Latium, now called Romania, or Campagna di
our pardon stands here ; and that it is not only conditional, but of Roma. The origin and propriety of this appellation therefore if it be not nurs'd and maintain’d by the proper
itself a mutable effect, a disposition towards the great pardon, and is a subject of so much controversy among antiquaries, of its progression, it dies like an abortive conception, and shall not that we can only profess to give the leading opinions. have that immortality whither it was designed. The Aborigines, then, are distinguished from the Jani
Taylor's Polemical Discourses. genæ, who are stated to have inhabited the country
Round him (Bays) much embryo, much abortion lay, before them; from the Siculi, whom they conquered;
Much future ode, and abdicated play: from the Grecians, from whom they are said to have been
Nonsense precipitate, like running lead,
That slipp'd through crags and zig-zags of the head. descended; from the Latins, whose name they assumed
Pope's Dunciad, book i. after their union with Eneas and the 'Trojans; and lastly, from the Ausonii, Volsci, Oenotrii, &c. Dion. Antiq. care, prosecuted without vigour, will easily be dashed and prova
Any enterprize undertaken without resolution, managed without Rom. I. i. c. 10, ap. op. t. i. p. 8-11 ed. Oxon. St. abortive, ending in disappointment, damage, disgrace, and dissatisJerome derives their name from their being absque faction.
Barrow's Sermons. origine, the primitive planters of the country after the
ABORTION. See MIDWIFERY. flood. Aurelius Victor suggests that they were called Aborigines, q. d. Aberrigines, from ab "" from," and ABORTION, among gardeners, signifies such fruits crrare
“ to wander;" as having been before a wan- as are produced too early, aná never arrive at madering people, and met by accident in Italy. Pausanias turity. thinks they were thus called, ano opeol,
is from moun
ABORTIVE Corn, a distemper in corn mentioned by tains;" which opinion seems confirmed by Virgil, in M. Tillet, and suspected to be occasioned by insects. the eighth book of the Æneid, v. 321. Others again It appears long before harvest, and may be known by maintain them to be Arcadians, brought at different a deformity of the stalk, the leaves, the ear, and even times into Italy, and to have derived their name from the grain. he mountains of Arcadia, opewv yevos: affirming that
ABORTIVE VELLUM, is made of the skin of an
ABOU Hannes, a bird of Abyssinia, so called, bethen in a second party from Thessaly; a third under cause it appears on St. John's day: the term signifying Evander, sixty years before the Trojan war; ,besides father John. At this season, all water-fowl that are another under Hercules; and another of Lacedemo- birds of passage resort to Ethiopia, when the tropical nians, who fled from the severe discipline of Lycurgus: rains first mix with the Nile. This bird, in the opinion all of whom constituted the Aborigines.
of Mr. Bruce, is the Ibis of the ancients. It is four The name Aborigines, is used in modern times to and a half
inches in length. denote the primitive inhabitants of a country, in con
ABOVE', prep. A. S. Bufan-Be-ufan.
Bove, top tradistinction to colonists.
R. Brunne, and the elder English authors ABORT', 0. Ab: orior, to rise from; applied In R. 'Gloucester and R. Brunne, it is applied as
write it, Abonen--Abowen-G. Douglas, Abone, Abufe. Abort', n. to that ; quod non sit tempestive uppermost or superior in rank and power, rank, &c.; and ABORTION, ortum ; which has arisen out of sea
beneath, is opposed to it. ABORSE'MENT, To rise or spring from; un
It is usual to consider abore as a preposition and ABOR'tive, seasonably, untimely. To produce
an adverb : but the meaning remains the same. A BOR'TIVE, adj. or bear prematurely or unnaturally;
It is much used in composition. Abore-board has a ABOR'TIVELY, to miscarry, or fail in bearing the metaphorical application to that which is uncovered, ABORT'MENT. full time.
& God sent him tokenyng on nýght als he slepe,
Dat he suld fynd a palmere orly at morn,
At þe south gate, alone as he was born,
& if he wild praie him, for Jhesu Criste's lone, And Julia (the daughter of Julius Cæsar, and the wife of Pompey), He wild do be batailc, & þei suld be aboue. a little before dying of an abort in childbed, together with the infant
R. Brunne, p. 32.
ABOVE And thus thou might wel vnderstonde
as it is writàn, he delide abrood, he ghaf to pore men his rightwys- ABOUND. My sonne, if thou art sucbe in loue,
nesse dwellith withouten ende. ABOUND.
Wiclif. 2 Corynth, chap. ix.
Sewerly the scripture aboundeth with examples, teching vs, all
Gouer, Con. A. bk, iv. present and longe felicite to be grettly suspect.
The Exposicion of Daniel, by George Joye, f. 50. c. ii.
Ther as a wedded man in his estat, the propre persone, in swiche a wise that thou ne want non espie ne
Liveth a lif blisful and ordinat
Under the yoke of mariage y bound:
Wel may bis herte in joye and blisse abound,
For who can be so buxom as a wif?
Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale.
This hellys monstoure (Alecto] ful of wrath and fede,
Hissit, and quhislyt with sa fiel eddir soundis,
And his tigure sa grisly grete haboundis,
Wyth glourand ene byrnand of flambis blak.
Douglus, b. vii. p. 222.
The bodily marchandize, that is leful and honest, is this, that ther
as God hath ordeined, that a regne or a contree is suffisant to himself,
than it is honest and leful, that of the haboundaunce of this contree
Douglas, booke vi. men helpe another contree that is nedy ; and therfore ther must be
marchants to bring fro on contree to another hir marchandise.
Chaucer. The Persones Tale.
Euery wight in soche yearthly weale habundaunt is holde noble,
precious, benigne, and wise, to doe what he shall, in any degree that
men him set, all be it that the soihe be in the contrary of all tho I'll sing the mighty riddle of mysterious love,
thinges; but he that can ne neur so well him behanie, and ħath vertue Which neither wretched men below, nor blessed spirits above.
haboundunt, in manifolde manners, and be not wealthed with soch With all their comments can explain;
yearthly goodes is holde for a foole, and saide his witte is but
Chaucer. First booke of Test of Love, fol. 294, ch. iv.
And britheren, we preien ghou, that ghe knowe hem that traveilen
among ghou, and ben sonereyns to ghou in the lord, and techen
Wiclif. 1 Tessal. chap. v.
She [Fortune) eyther giues a stomack, and no foode,
(Such are the poore in health), or else a feast,
And takes away the stomack, (such are the rich,
That haue aboundance and enjoy it not.)
Shakespeare, 2 Henry IV. aci iv. sc. 4.
“ There did I see our conquer'd fathers fall
“ Before the English, on that fatal ground, And sure if aught below the seats divine
“ When as to ours their viumber was but small, Can teach immortals, 'tis a soul like thine ;
“ And with brave spirits France ne'er did more abound; A soul supreme, in cach hard instance try'd;
" Yet oft that battle into mind I call, Above all pain, all passion, and all pride.
" Whereas of ours, one man seem'd all one wound.”
Drayton's Battle of Agincourt.
He goes lightly, that wants a load. If there be more pleasure in
abundance, there is more security in a mean estate: ceremonies : the Jews preferred, in their practice at least, the ritual
Bishop Hall's Contemplations. jaw to the moral.
The elements due order here maintain, ABOUKIR, an inconsiderable town of Egypt, about And pay their tribute in of warmth and rain: 10 miles from Alexandria. It is the Canopus of the
Cool shades and streams, rich fertile lands abound, ancients, and is described by Strabo as situated on an
And Nature's bounty flows the seasons tound.
Otway's Windsor Castle.
The Romans abounded with little honorary rewards, that without
Guardian, No. 96.
Through the lighten'd air
A higher lustre and a clearer calm,
Diffusive, tremble; while, as if in sign is distinguished for another memorable triumph of the
Of danger past, a glittering robe of joy,
Set off abundant by the yellow ray,
Invests the fields; and Nature smiles reviv'd.
Fielding's Voyage to Lisbon.
ABOUT", Sax. abuta. On buta. On boda. Boda,
the first outward extremity or boundary of any thing.
ABOUT. Engelond ys a wel god lond, ich wene of eche lond beat ABRA, a silver coin in Poland, worth about an ABRA.
Y set in be ende of be world, as al in þe West.
English shilling. It is current in several parts of
ABRADE. R. Gloucester, p. 1.
Germany, and through the dominions of the Grand
ABRACADABRA, a magical word, which has been
Id. p. 22.
recommended as an antidote against agues and several Ac bo be belle was ybrougþ. and be byze hongede,
other diseases, particularly the fever called by the
paper as many times as the word contains letters,
repeated in the same order; and then suspended about
the neck by a linen thread.
ABRACADABRA, being the name of a god wora
shipped by the Syrians, wearing it was considered as
an invocation of his aid.
ABRADE', v. Ab: rado, to rub or scrape off.
Abra'sion, “The verb to bray, (french broyer,)
ABRAIDE', i. e. to pound or beat to pieces,
BRAIDE'. though now obsolete (says Tooke)
was formerly very common in our language.'
Surrey. The past tense is written indiscriminately braide,
lent action or motion.
To break, pull or tear; to start, leap or spring.
To make an eruption, assault, sally, onset, insur-
rection, revolt. In Wiclif we find Debreyd.
A gret ok he wolde breide a doun, as it a smal gerde were,
And bere forth in bis hond, þat folc forte a fere.
R. Gloucester, p. 22.
De letter in his hand laid enselid and in silke bounde,
De envenomed knyfe out braid and gaf Edward a wounde.
R. Brunne, p. 229.
And Jhesus answerde and seyde to hem, a unfeithful generacioun
hidur thy sone; And whenne he cam nygh, the devel hartlide him
Wiclif, Luk. chap. ix.
Bible, 1539. possible, to every thing that has a connexion with it.
And Jhesus thretenyde him and seide, wexe donmbe and go out
of the man. And the unclene spirit dedreydynge him and cryinge First, for your bees a proper station find,
with grete voys went out fro bim.
Wiclif, Mark, chap. i.
And whan he cometh ther at
And sigh his doughter, he to braide
His clothes, and wepende le saide.
Gouer, Con, A. bk. iv,
This Jobu answered; Alein, avise thee:
The miller is a perilous man, he sayde. hearts, is as if a man wandering in the wide sea, in a dark night
And if that he oui of his slepe abraide when the heaven is all clouded about, should yet resolve to steer his
He mighte don us bathe a vilanie. course by the stars which he cannot see, but only guess at, and
Alein answered; I count him at a Nie.
Chaucer. The Reres Tale.
Up to the heven his hondes gan he bold,
And on his knees bare le set him doan,
And in his raving said his orisoun.
For veray wo out of his wit he braide,
He n'iste what he spake, but thus he saide.
Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale.
With waiward looke she gan him ay behold,
It stands on the
And roling eies, that moued to and fro: was formerly large, but is now mean.
With silence looke discoursing ouer al; site of Abotis: the burgh of Settefe, a little above it,
And forth jorage at last thus gan she brayde. représents the small city of Apollo. N. lat. 26°, 50'.