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ABER- knitting of stockings and hose. This county contains to be stamped on both sides with the feathers. Its dis- ABER

YSTWITII. DELN three royal boroughs; Aberdeen, Kintore, and In- tance from London is 203 miles W. N. W. W. lon. SHIRE verury: and several large and handsome towns; as 4°, 15'. N. lat. 52o, 30'.

APER- Peterhead, Fraserburgh, Huntly, and Old Meldrum. ABESTA, or AVESTA, the name of one of the
WITH. It is also ornamented with many fine seats of the nobi- sacred books of the Persian magi, which they ascribe

lity and gentry; of which Slains castle, the seat of the to their great founder Zoroaster. It is a commentary
earl of Errol; Aboyne castle, of the earl of Aboyne; on two others of their religious books, called Zend and
Ellon, of the earl of Aberdeen ; Inverury, of the earl of Pazend; the three together include the whole system
Kintore; are the principal. Aberdeenshire sends only of the Ignicolæ or worshippers of fire.
one inember to parliament.

ABET', v.
ABERGAVENNY, a large, populous, and flourish-

A Sax. Betan, (meliorare, melius ing town in Monmouthshire; seated at the confluence


reddere, says Skinner). To better, to

make better. of the rivers Usk and Gavenny; supposed to be the ABET'TER. Gibbanium of Antoninus. There is a fine gothic bridge, Our use of the word is applied to the encouraging, of fifteen arches, over the Usk. It is a walled town, inciting, assisting, supporting, aiding, to beat or beand on the south side are the ruins of a castle cele

come better. And thus, to better, to aid, assist, supbrated in Welch history. The church is ancient. It

port, the designs of. carries on a considerable trade in flannels. Population,

I am thine Eme, the shame were to me 2815; distant 142 miles from London. W. lon.

As wel as the, if that I should assent 20, 45'. N. lat. 51°, 50'.

Throngh mine abet y he thine lionour shent. ABERNETHY, a small town in Scotland, situated

Chaucer.-- The second Booke of Troilus, fol. 159, col. 4. on the river Tay, a little above the mouth of the

But in this kind, to come in brauing armes, Erne, about six miles from Perth. It is said to have Be his owne carver, and cut out his way, been founded in 460, and to have been the capital of

To find out right with wrongs—it may not be ;:

And you that doe abett him in this kind the Pictish kings. In the churchyard is a tower of

Cherish rebellion, and are rebels all. singular construction. It is of a circular form, 74

Shakespeare, Richard II. p. 33, act ij. scene 3: feet in height, and 48 feet in circumference. The

I am not ignorant that Cicero, in defence of his own nation, tells researches of the antiquarian have hitherto failed in

vs, our people, by defending their associates, became masters of the discovering the uses of this and similar buildings. world: but I would willingly be informed, whether or no, they did

not often set their associates to complaine without a cause, or abet Some suppose that they are of Pictish origin, and were intended as places of confinement for religious devotees them in vnjust quarrels.

Hakewill's Apologies, p. 452. in performing penance; hence they have been called towers of repentance. Others imagine them to be

Yet Christian laws allow not such redress; watch-towers, or belfries for summoning the people to

Then let the greater supersede the less. prayers.

But let th' abetters of the panther's crime

Learn to make fairer wars another time.
Ab erro, to stray or wander from.

Dryden's Hind and the Panther, Chalmers' eụition, p. 577.
A wandering from.

That which demands to be next considered is happiness; as being

in itself most considerable ; as abetting the cause of truth; and as Applied to the errors or mistakes of the mind, words being indeed so nearly allied to it, that they cannot well be parted. neither much used, nor much wanted.

Il'oollaston's Religion of Nature, 31, 4to. edition.. So, then we draw near to God, when, repenting us of our former

Would you, when thieves are known abroad, aberrations from him, we renew our covenants with him.

Bring forth your treasures in the road?
Bishop Hall's Works, vol. v. p. 502.

Would not the fool abet the stealth,
And therefore they not only farm with errors, but vices depeuding

Who rashly thus exposed his wealth ? thereon. Thus they cominonly affect no man any further than lie

Guy's Fables, Chalmers' edition, vol. r. p. 539. deserts his reason, or complies with their aberrancies.

ABETTOR, in Law, one who encourages another to
Brown's Vulgar Errors, p. 9, ed. 4, 1658.

the performance of some criminal action, or wlio assists For though there were a fatality in this year, ["the great climac

in the performance. Treason is the only crime in trical year, that is, sixty-three'] yet divers were, and others might be out in their account, aberring several wayes from the true and just

which abettors are excluded by law, every individual compute, and calling that one year, which perhaps might be another. concerned being considered as a principal. It is the

Brown's Vulgar Errors, p. 269. same with art-and-part in the Scots law. ABERRATION, in Astronomy, an apparent motion ABEX, a country of Ethiopia, in Africa, bordering of the celestial bodies, produced by the progressive on the Red sea, which bounds it on the east. It has motion of light and the earth's annual motion in her Nubia or Sennar on the north ; Sennar and Abyssinia orbit.

on the west and south. Its principal towns are SuaABERSPERG, anciently ABUSINA or AVENTINUM, quem and Arkeko. It is subject to the Turks, and a town and castle in Upper Bavaria, on the river Umbs, has the name of the beglerbeglik of Habcleth. It is celebrated as the birth-place of Johannes Aventinus. about five hundred miles in length, and one hundred

ABERYSTWITH, a market town of Cardiganshire, in breadth; mountainous, sandy, and barren, and in-
in Wales, on the Ridal, near its confluence with the fested with wild beasts. The forests abound with
Istwith, where it falls into the sea. It is a populous, ebony trees.
rich town, has a great trade in lead, and a considerable ABEYANCE, in Law, the expectancy of an estate.
fishery of whiting, cod, and herrings. It was formerly Thus, if lands be leased to one person for life, with
surrounded with walls, and fortified with a castle; both reversion to another for years, the remainder for years
are now in ruins. Of late it is become a place of resort is in abeyance till the death of the lessee.
for sea bathing. In 1637, king Charles established ABHER, an elegant town of the Persian Irak, or
here a mint for the coinage of silver, and the coin was ancient Parthia, 26 miles S. E. of Sultania ; con-.


ABHER. taining 2500 houses, and governed by a deroga. ABIANS, anciently a people of Thrace; or, accord- ABIANS. N. lat. 36°, 14'. E. lon. 500, 59'.

ing to some, of Scythia, who led a wandering life. ABIAD.

ab horreo. “Horreo" (says Vossius) They carried all their possessions in waggons; lived on
ABHOR', c.

“ vox facta est ad expreimendum the flesh of their herds and flocks, on milk, and cheese,

fugam spiritus versus cor, et pro- and were unacquainted with commerce. They only

venientem inde corporis rigorem et exchanged commodities with their neighbours ; assign-

ing their agriculture to any who would undertake it,
Corpus, ut impulsæ segetes Aquilonibus, horret. reserving only a tribute ; which they exacted merely to

Applied to that which we utterly dislike or detest, enjoy the necessaries of life. They never took arms loath or disdain ; which makes the body stiffen, the but to oblige those to fulfil a promise which had been hair stand on end. And thus,

broken. They paid tribute to none of the neighbouring
To dislike or detest, to loath, disdain, abominate. states; and relied on their strength and courage to
But sins so great is thy delight to here

repel any invasion. They were, according to Homer,
Of our mishaps and Troyès last decay :
a people of great integrity. STRABO, tom. I. p. 454–5,

, Though to record the same my minde abhorres,

460, 478.
And plaint eschues : yet thus will begyn.
Surrey, Chalmers' Poets, vol. ii. p. 338.

ABIB, which signifies an ear of corn, was a name
When this knight perceuiued that he (Kyng Kichard II) was given by the Jews to the first month of their ecclesias-
deade, he sobbed, wept, and rent his heare crying, Oh Lord, what tical year, afterwards called Nisan. It commenced at
haue we done, we haue murthered hym whom by the space of XXII the vernal equinox; and answered to the latter part of
yeres we haue obeied as king, and honored as our goueraigne lord, our March and beginning of April.
now all noble men will abhorre vs, all honest persons will disdaine vs,
and all pore people will rayle and crie out vpon vs.


Hall, p. 20. Abi'der.
King. I may perceiue


Sax. Abidan, Bidan, to bide.
These cardinals trifle with me: I abhorre
This dilatory sloth, and trickes of Rome.

My learn'd and welbeloued seruant Cranmer

To stay, or remain; to tarry, to dwell, to continue,
Pretbee returne.

to wait, to expect.
Shakespeare, Henry VIII. p. 217. act i.
Be gentle graue vnto me, rather on Nylus mudde

To stay under, or support; to bear up against, or
Lay me starke-nak'd, and let the water-fics

endure, with fortitude, good temper, kindness, hope,
Blow me into abhorring; rather make

or the reverse.
My countries high pyramides my gibbet,
And hang me vp in chaines.

He fley in to þe yle of Tenet, he no dorste a bile no ner.
Id. Ant. and Cleo. p. 365. act v. sc. 2.

R. Gloucester, p. 122.
He who wilfully abstains from marriage, not being supernaturally de oper were of hem y war, and garkede hem in here syde,
gifted ; and he who, by making the yoke of marriage unjust and

And lette arme bere ost wel, batail forto abyde. intolerable, causes men to abhor it, are both in a diabolical sin, equal

Il. p. 1.53.
to that of Antichrist, who forbids to marry.

We war from thens affrayit, durst nocht abide
Milton's Prose Works , vol. i. p. 221.

Bot fled anon, and within burd has brocht
We see in many cases, that time and calmer considerations, toge-

That faithful Greik, qulilk vs of succour socht.
ther with different customs, which, (like the tide or flood) insensibly

Douglas, Boohe jii.p. 90. prevail over both manners and minds of men ; do oft take off the

Do grete diligence (saith Salomon), in keping of thy frendes, edge and keenness of men's spirits against those things, whereof they and of thy good name, for it shal lenger abide with thee, thau sometimes were great abhorrers.

any tresor, be it never so precious. Bp. Taylor's Artif. Hands. p. 134.


The Tale of Melibeus, vol. ii. p. 119.
Then wanton fulness vain oblivion brought,

But in alle thingis we gliyue ussilf as the mynystris of God in
And God, that made and sav'd thee, was forgot:

mych pacience, in tribulaciouns, in needis, in angwisschis, in
While gods of foreign lands, and rites abhorr’d,

betyngis, in prisouns, in dissenciouns withynne, in traueilis, in wak-
To jealousies and anger mov'd the Lord.

yngis, in fastyngis, in chastite, in kunnyng, in long abiding, in
Parnell's Gift of Poetry, Chalmers' edition, vol. ix. p. 375. swetnesse, in the hooli goost, in charite not feyned, in the word of
That which constitutes an object of contempt to the malevolent, treuthe, in the uirtu of god.
becomes the object of other passions to a worthy and good-natured

iclip. 9 Corynth. chap. vi.
man ; for, in such person, wickedness and vice must raise hatred

The pacient abyding of the righteous shal be turned to gladnesse, and abhorrence.

but the hope of the vngodly shall perish.
Fielding's Works, vol. xiv, p. 138.

Bible, Lond. 1539. Prov. chap. X.
Yet from Leonidas, thou wretch, inur'd

Doun fallis salis, the aris sone we span
To vassalage and baseness, hear. The pomp,

But mair abaid, the marinaris euery man
The arts of pleasure in despotic courts

Egirly rollis ouer the fumy flude
I spurn abhorrent. In a spotless heart
I look for pleasure.

And the haw se weltis vp as it war wod.

Douglas, booke iii. p. 74.
Glover's Leonidas, book x, Chalmers' edition, vol. xvii. p. 69.
This legal, and, as it should seem, injudicious profanation, continuing in prayer and fastyng.

There he made his abode fortye dayes and as many nightes, still
so abhorrent to our stricter principles, was received with a very


Erasmus' Paraphrase of N. T. by Udall, on St. Marke,
murmur, by the easy nature of polytheism.

chap. i. fol. 5. col. ii.
Gibbon's, vol. i. p. 112.
Aut. I cannot tell, good Sir, for which of his vertues it was,

ABHORRERS, the name of a party formed in 1680, hee was certainly whipt out of the court,
in opposition to the petitioners against grievances. Clo. His vices you would say: there's no vertue whipt out of the
See Hume's Hist. of England, vol. viii. p. 128—133.

court : they cherish it to make it stay there; and yet it will no

more but abide. ABIAD, a town of Africa, on a high mountain ; re

Shakespeare's Winter's Tale, p. 291, Act iv. Scenc ü.
markable for its trade in ebony and aromatic plants.

Lor. Sweete triends, your patience for my long abode,
It is also the name of a river which flows into the Nile, Not I, but my affaires haue made you wait.
and supposed by some to be the Nile itself.

Shakespeare's Merchant of Venicc, p. 170, Act ii. Scene vi.

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ABIE. ABIDE He (Giovanni Pietro Pugliano] said, “ Soldiers were the noblest Which when his brother saw, fraught with great griefe estate of mankind, and horsemen the noblest of soldiers.” He said,

And wrath, he to him leaped furiously,

ABJECT. ABIE" They were the masters of war, and ornaments of peace, speedy

And fouly said, by Mahoune, corsed thiefe,
goers, and strong abiders.

That direfall stroake thou dearely shalt aby.
Sidney's Defence of Poesy.

Spenser's Faerie Queene, book ii. canto viii.
And because of the late contracted amnitie and gentle entertain-

Bar. Fool-hardy knight, full soon thou shalt aby

This fond ment that they found at the first, they made no great dispatch : but

coach, thy body will I bang.
being (as they supposed) in security, in merrinesse they spent the Beaumont and Fletcher's Knight of the Burning Pestle, act iii. &c. 1.
time, abiding upon the winde.

ABINGDON, formerly ABANDUNE, a market-town
Knor's Hist. of the Reformation.

of Berks, situate on the confluence of the Ock and
Abating all the rueful consequences of abiding in sin, abstracting Thames. It derives its name from an ancient abbey,
from the desperate hazards it exposeth us to in regard to the future
lite, it is most reasonable to abandon it.

of which a priucipal gate-way alone remains; it is

Barrow's Sermons. supposed by bishop Gibson to be the Cloveshoo of the Let it be supposed, that, in that day, when you had been guilty of Saxon annals, and to have been built by Cissa, king of the three notorious sins above-mentioned, that, in your evening- Sussex, A. D. 517. It has a capacious market-place, repentance, you had only called one of them to mind ; is it not plain, with market-hall and sessions-house in the centre, that the other two are unrepented of, and that therefore their guilt where the summer assizes for the county are held ; still abides upon you? Law's Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life.

also two churches; one dedicated to St. Nicholas, and

the other to St. Helena ; and three places of worship
When he, whom e'en our joys provoke,

for the dissenters; a hospital for six indigent per-
The fiend of nature, join'd his yoke,
And rush'd in wrath to make our isle his prey,

sons, and another for thirteen; a free grammar school,
Thy form, from out thy sweet abode,

and a charity school. Abingdon is a borough-town, O'ertook him on his blasted road,

and sends one member to parliament ; it formerly was And stopp'd his wheels, and look'd his

rage away.

considerable for its malt trade, but is now a principal
Collins's Ode to Mercy.

manufacturing town in Aloor and sail-cloth, sacking
ABIE', is very variously written. By Chaucer, Abegge, and netting. It is seven miles south of Oxford, and
Abeye, Abie; which Tyrwhit says is Saxon, and means
“ To suffer for."

55 west of London. Population about 5000. W. ton.
In Piers Plouhman, Abegge. In 10, 12'. N. lat, 51°, 42'.
Gower, Abeie, Abedge, Abidge. In Chaucer, are found
the participles Abying, Abien, Abought. And in Gower, rican Indians, in the territory between Santa Fe and St.

ABIPONIANS, or ABIPons, a tribe of South Ame-
also, Abought.
Skinner thinks the etymon of Abey- from the verb To Jago, whose numbers have been variously stated (some-
Skinner thinks the etymon of Abeyfrom the verb To times at upwards of 50,000) but who, at the best modern
Buy is the more simple, and therefore the more true. computation, do not much exceed 5000. The women
He offers (needlessly) a different origin for Abedge.
In all the examples following," buy or pay for, dear from motives of jealousy, lest their husbands should be

have been accused of destroying their own children,
ly, cruelly, sorely," appears to be the correct meaning.

unfaithful during the long time they give suck, which is Turne we biderward, and delyuer our prisons,

not less than two years. They are a warlike people, And so it may betide, bei salle dere abie

of a light brown complexion, and fond of painting Mý þat þei hide, my men in prison lie.

R. Brunne, p. 159.

their bodies. In general, they are quite ignorant and Ther dorste no wight hond upon him legge,

uncivilized; insomuch, that, in counting, they can go no That he ne swore he shuld anon abegge.

further than the number three. Their government is Chaucer. The Reves Tale. not unlike that of the Jews in the time of the Judges; Ye fathers, and ye mothers eke also,

the chiefs or caiques who lead their armies in war, pre-
Though ye han children, be it on or mo,

siding over the administration of justice in time of
Your is the charge of all bir surveance,
While that they ben under your governance.

Beth ware, that by ensample of your living,

Or by your negligence in chastising,

AB'JECT, adj.

Ab:jacio, to cast, or throw away

from ; to cast down. The nouns,
That they ne perisb : for I dare wel saye,

Ав'ЈЕст, п.
If that they don, ye shul it dere abeye.


adjective, and adverb, have a conId. The Doctoures Tale.


sequent application to that which Ac for be lesynge þat þow Lucifer, lowe til Eve


is base, servile, worthless, de-
Þow shalt abygge bitere quaþ God, and bond hym with cheynes.

Vision of Piers Plouhman, repr. 1813, p. 363.

spicable, mean, contemptible.

The duches desiring to knowe whiche waye lady Fortune turned
Quene of the regne of Pluto, derke and lowe,

her whele, herynge hym to be repudiate and abiected oute of the
Goddesse of maydens, that min herte hast knowe
Ful many a yere, and wost what I desire,

Frenche courte, was in a greate agony, and muche amased, and more

As kepe me fro thy vengeance and thin ire,

Hall, repr. 1809, p. 463.
That Atteon aboughte cruelly.

John the apostle, was now of late in a certaine yle of Licia called
Chaucer. The Krightes Tale.

Pathmos, exiled for the gospel-preaching, and made a vite abject for

testifying the name and word of Jesus Christ the onely Saviour So goth he forthe, and toke his leue,

of the world.

Bale's Image of both Churches,
And thought anone, as it was eue,

The audacite and bolde speche of Daniel signifyeth the abiection
He wolde doone his sacrilege,

of the kynge and his realme.
That many a man shulde it abedge.

The Exposicion of Daniel, by Gco. Joye, p. 75.
Gower, Con, A. book v.

Oh noble Lord, bethinke thee of thy birth ;
Full ofte er this it hath be seine

Call home thy ancient thoughts from banishment,
The comen people is ouerleyne,

And banish hence these abiect lowlie dreames:
And hath the kynges synne abought,

Looke how thy seruants do attend on thee,
Allthough the people agilte nought.

Each in 1 is office readie at thy becke.
Id, book vii.

Shakespeare, "Tam. of Sh. act i sa S.

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We are the queene's abjects, and must obey.

ABJURATION, in our Ancient Customs, an oath ABJURE. Rd. 111. act. i, so, 3.

taken by a person guilty of felony; who, having fled to Or in this abject posture have

ABLAY. ye sworn

a place of sanctuary, engages to leave the kingdom for
T'adore the conqueror ? who now beholds
Cherub and seraph rolling in the flood

ever. The following passage will furnish a curious illus-
With scatter'd arins and ensigns.

tration of this subject: 5* This heare thou sir Coroner, Milton's Paradise Lost, book i. that I, M. of H. am a robber of sheepe, or of any

other States and kingdoms that aspire to greatness, must be very careful beast, or a Murderer of one, or of mo, and a felon of that their nobles and gentry increase not too much: otherwise the

our Lord the king of Englad, and because I haue common people will be dispirited, reduced to an abject state; and done many such euilles or robberies in his land I do become little better than slaves to the nobility.

ahjure the land of our Lord Edward king of England,
Lord Bacon's Works.

and I shall haste me towards the Port of such a
But is it credible, that the very acknowledgment of our own un-
worthiness to obtain, and in that respect our professed fearfulness to

place, which thou hast giuen me, and that I shal
ask any thing, otherwise than only for his sake to whom God can not go out of the high way, and if I doe, I wil that
deny nothing; that this should be termed baseness, abjection of mind, I be taken as a robber, and a felon of our Lorde
or servility—is it credible ?

the king: And that at such a place I wil diligently Hooker, Ec. Pol.

seeke for passage, and I wil tarie there but one Aud abjected his [Wolsey's) spirit to that degree, that he fell dan

and ebbe, if I can have passage, and unlesse I can
gerously sick : such an intluence the troubles and sorrows of his

haue it in such a place, I wil goe euery day into
mind had upon his body.
Strype's Memorials of the Reformation.

the Sea up to my knees, assaying to passe ouer, and
To what base ends, and by what abject ways,

unlesse I can do this within fortie dayes, I wil put Are mortals urg'd, through sacred lust of praise !

my selfe againe into the Church, as a robber and a Pope's Essay on Criticism,

felon of our Lord the king, so God me helpe & his Nor did he sooner see the hoy approaching the vessel than he ran holie iudgement, &c.Rastall's Collect. of Stat. p. 2. dowo again into the cabin, and, bis rage being perfectly subsided, he ABJURATION is used, in English law, to signify the tumbled on his knees, and a little too abjectly implored for mercy.

Fielding's Voyage to Lisbon.

renouncing and disclaiming upon oath, any right of the
late Pretender to the crown of these kingdoms.

ABKHAS, one of the seven nations in the countries

comprehended between the Black and the
To swear. To go away from, or leave. To disown, to Caspian, tributary to the Turks. Their language
disclaim, to renounce (upon oath).

is peculiar to themselves, supposed to be a dialect But now was he so obstinate, that he woulde not ubiure of lög time. of the Celtic, and having some affinity to the CirAad dyuers daies wer his iudges fayn of their fauour to geue hym

cassian. with sufferance of some his best frendes, and who be most trusted

They preserve some indistinct traces of to resort vnto him. And yet scantly could al this make him sub

mitte himself to make hys abiuracion.

ABLACTATION, the weaning a child from the
Sir Thomas More's Works, p. 214, Lon. 1557. breast. This is done in different countries at various
In this season were banished out of Southwarke XII Scottes, periods from the birth.
wbiche had dwelt there a long season, and wer conueied fro parisbe ABLACTATION, in Ancient Agriculture, a method
to parishe by the constable, like men y' had abiured the realme, and
on their vttermost garment a white crosse before and another bebynd

of engrafting, by which the cyon of one tree being for
them. Thus were they conueyed through London northwarde, till

some time united to the stock of another, is afterwards they came to Scotlande,

cut off, and, as it were, weaned from the parent Hall, repr. 1809, p. 648. tree. It is now called inarching,' or 'grafting by For euen now

I put iny selfe to thy direction, and

ABLATIVE, in Grammar, formed from auferre, to
Vnspeake mine own detraction. Heere abjure
The taints and blames I laide vpon my selfe

take away.' Priscian also calls it the comparative
For strangers to my nature.

case; as serving among the Latins for comparing, as
Shakespeare's Mac. act iv. sc. 3.

well as taking away. It is the sixth case of Latin
O mercy without measure! why wilt thou, how canst thou, O nouns, and is opposite to the dative; as expressing the
Saviour, call them brethren, whom, in their last parting, thou found-
est fugitives? Did they not run from thee? Did not one of them

action of taking away, while the latter denotes that of
råther leave his inmost coat behind him, than not be quit of thee? Did

giving. In modern languages there is no precise not another of them deny thee, yea abjure thee? And yet thou

distinction between the ablative and other cases; sayest, Go tell my brethren!

and we only use the term in analogy to the Latin.
Bishop Hall's Contemplations.

The question concerning the Greek ablative has been
After they had thus humbled and mortified the miserable man the subject of a famous literary war between two great
(Abp. Cranmer) with recantations and subscriptions, submissions and
adjurations, putting words into his mouth which his heart abhorred; grammarians, Frischlin and Crusius; the former main-
by all this drudgery they would not permit him to redeem his un- taining, and the latter opposing, the reality of it. See
happy life.

GRAMMAR, Div. ii.
Strype's Memorials of the Reformation. ABLATIVE ABSOLUTE, in Grammar, a phrase de-
Yes, Alpheus! fly the purer paths of Fate;

tached or independent of the other parts of a sentence
Abjure these scenes from venal passions free;

or discourse. In Latin it is frequent, and it has been Know, in this grove, I vow'd perpetual hate,

adopted in the modern languages.
War, endless war, with lucre and with thee.

ABLAY, a country of Great Tartary, under the
Shenstone's Poems.

Russian government, which appoints a Calmuck chief;
A Jacobite, who is persuaded of the pretender's right to the crown, the inhabitants are called · Buchars' or Buchares,'
cannot take the oath of allegiance; or, if he could, the oath of ab-
duration follows, which contains an express renunciation of all opinions It lies east of the

river Irtisch, and extends 500 leagues
in favour of the claim of the exiled family.

along the southern frontiers of Siberia, from E. lon. 72° Paley's Moral Philosophy.

to 83o. N. lat. from 51° to 54o.

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ABLAZE. ABLAZE, a. On blaze. See BLAZE.

Ilenry the second reigned in France; Phillip the second, in ABLE.

Spain: princes in the vigour of their age, of great ambition, of
She saide at entre of the pas,

great talents, and seconded by the ablest ministers and generals in ABLU-
Howe Mars, whiche god of armes was,

Hath set two oxen sterne and stoute,

Bolingbroke's Remarks on the Hist. of Eng.
That casten fire and flam aboute,
Both at mouth and at nase,

And novels (witness every month's review),
So that thei setten-all on blase.

Belie their naine, and offer nothing new.
Gouer, Con. A. b. v.

The mind, relaxing into needful sport,

Should turn to writers of an ubler sort,
ABLE, 7.
Goth. Abal, strength.

Whose wit well manag'd, and whose classic style,
A'ELE, adj.
To give force, power, strength; to

Give truth a lustre, and make wisdom smile.
strengthen, to empower; and, as we

Couper's Retirement.
now say, to enable.

ABLEGMINA, those choice parts of the entrails of
The verb, to able, appears to have been in as com-

victims anciently offered in sacrifice to the gods. They mon usage in ancient writers, as to enable is in modern, were sprinkled with flour, and burnt upon the altar; the

Tertullian ridi

priests pouring some wine on them. and with similar applications.

cules the heathens for thus serving the gods with Hable and Hability are in the old writers as com

offals. monly found as able and ability.

ABLUDE', r. Ab: ludo, to play from. To play from, For no doute to dreade to offende God, and to loue to please him

or out of tune; and thus to differ; to be unlike. in all thing quyckeneth and sharpeneth all the wittes of Christes chosen people : and-ableth them so to grace, that they joye greatly So Ambrose interprets that place of 1 Tim. ii. 4. “ He would to withdrawe their cares, and all their wittes and membres frome have all to be saved," saith he, if themselves will: for he hath all worldly delyte, and from all fleschly solace.

given his law to all; and excepts no man, in respect of his law and Howell's State Trials, vol. i. p. 209. "Trial of Master William Thorpe will revealed, from salvation. Neither doth it much ablude from

for Heresy, 8 Henry IV. A. D. 1407, written by himself. this, that our English divines at Dort, call the decree of God, whereby God tokeneth and assigneth the times abling hem to her proper he hath appointed, in and by Christ to save those that repent, offices.

believe and persevere, Decretum annunciativum salutis omnibus ex
Chaucer, Boecius, b. i. fol. 215, col. 1.
aquo et indiscriminutim promulgandum.

Bishop Hall's Via Media.
That if God willinge to schewe his wraththe, and to make his
power knowun, bath suffrid in greet pacience vessels of wraththe able ABLUENTS, in Medicine, the same with Diluters,
into deeth, to schewe the richessis of his glorie into vessels of merci or Diluents, Detergents, and Abstergents; names given
whiche lie made redi into glorie.

to certain diluting medicines used to wash off from the Wiclif, Romayns, ch. ix.

body any accidental adhesions, and administered as
And ye my ladies that ben trew and stable,

lotions or injections.
By way of kind ye ought to ben able,
To haue pity of folke that ben in paine,

ABLUẤTION, n. Ab: luo. To wash from. Washing
Now haue ye cause to cloth you in sable.
Chaucer, the Complaint of Mars, fol. 326, col. iv.

off or away from ; cleansing, purifying. Let no man blame our nature for being weake and faint, nor laic

SUB. Sirrah, my varlet, stand you forth and speak to him,
against the goddes that they be cruell: for we haue no lesse ablenes Like a philosopher. Answer i'the language.
to doe wel, then readines to doe euil,

Name the vexations, and the martyrizations
The Golden Booke, ch. iii.

Of metals, in the work.

Sir, Putrefaction,
Cres. They say all louers sweare more performance than they are

Solution, ablution, sublimation, able, and yet reserve an ability that they neuer performe; vowing

Cohobation, calcination, ceration, and more than the perfection of ten, and discharging lesse then the tenth Fixation.

Jonson's Alchemist, act ii. scene 4.
part of one.
Shakespeare, Troi. and Cres. act. iii. scene 2.

So because the common way of making a people holy, was to
A noble crew about them waited round

adopt them into the protection of a tutelary God; and of rendering

particulars clear, was by ablutions and other cathartic rites; the
Of sage and sober peeres, all gravely gownd ;

Almighty was pleased to assume the titles of their (the Jews) na-
Whom farre before did march a goodly band

tional God, and regal Governor.
Of tall young men all able armes to sound,

Warburton's Sermons.
But now they laurell-branches bore in hand ;
Glad signe of victory and peace in all their land.

Hearts may be found, that harbour at this hour
Spenser's Faerie Queene, b. i. canto xif.

That love of Christ, and all it's quick’ning pow'r;
I can produce a man,

And lips unstain'd by folly or by strife,

Whose wisdom, drawn from the deep well of life,
Of female seed, far abler to resist

Tastes of its healthful origin, and flows
All his solicitations, and at length

A Jordan for the ablution of our woes.
All his vast force, and drive him back to Hell;

Cowper's Conversation.
Winning, by conquest, what the first man lost,
By fallacy surpris’d.

ABLUTION, a religious ceremony of ancient and
Milton's Paradise Regained, b.i. modern times, which consisted in certain purifications
And now, brethren, 1 commend you to God, and to the word of of men or things, accompanied with washing them
his grace, who is able to build you up, and to give you an inherit-

either wholly or partially. The Egyptians appear to alice annong all them which are sanctified.

Acts, chap. xx. v. 32. have practised it from the earliest antiquity; the Greeks That is one head (said Lethington), whereunto you and I never adopted it under various forms ; and the Romans agreed; for how are you able to prove, that God ever struck or are said to have been scrupulous in their use of it plagued any nation or people for the iniquity of their prince, if before they performed a sacrifice. It was more or they themselves lived godlily? Knox's History of the Reformation.

less partial according to the occasion; but at the

entrance of the Roman temples convenient vessels Certainly the force of imagination is wonderfull, either to beget in vs an ability for the doing of that which wee apprehend we can

were placed for this sacred washing. Several cere49, or a disability for the not doing of that which wee concieue wee

monies of the Mosaic law may be called ablutions ; cannat de.

and the early Christians appear to have practised Hakevill's Apologie, lib. I. cap. j. sect. 3. it before partaking of the communion; in imitation

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