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ADORN, riche in the sight of god. for so summe tyme hooli wyminen hopinge It were happy if the prisons of the kingdon were filled only with ADORA in god ournyden hemsilff, and weren suget to her owne husbondis. characters like these, men whom prosperity could not make useful,

Wiclif, 1 Peter, chap. iii. and whom ruin cannot make wise: but there are among us many ADOWS, Whose adorning, let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting who raise different sensations ; many that owe their present misery the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparell.

to the seductions of treachery, the strokes of casualty, or the tenBut let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not

derness of pity; many whose sutterings disgrace society, and whose corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is

virtues would adorn it.
in the sight of God of great price.

Adventurer, No. 53.
For after this manner in the old time the holy women also who Next to manners, are exterior graces of person and address ;
trusted in God adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their which adorn manners, as manners adorn knowledge.
own busbands.
N. T. Common Version.

Chesterfield. Letter cr.
Quhamn till this was the dulefull lattir day,

At church, with meek and unaffected grace,
With festuall flouris, and bewis as in May,

His looks adorn'd the venerable place;
Did wele adorne, and feist and riot maid

Truth from his lips prevail'd with double sway,
Throwout the toun, and for myscheif was glaid.

And tools, who canie to scoil, remain'd to pray.
Douglas, book üi. p. 47.

Goldsmith's Descrted l'illage
With branches we the fanes adorn, and wast

ADOT'ED. See DOTE.
In jollity, the day ordain'd to be the last.

It falleth that the most wise
Dryden. Ib.

Ben other while of loue adoted.
At his firste settyng foote on land, the garter of thorder was set

Gouer. Con. A. bk. vi.
& made faste aboute his (Philip of Spain] legge, whiche was sent ADOUR, a river in France, which, rising in the
voto bym by tbe quene, richly adorned with precious jewelles.

Fubyan, p. 715.

Upper Pyrenees, in the county of Bigorre, pursues a
I knowe and perceiue your person to be endued with so many northern course through Gascony, and then runs east-
notable vertues, and to be adorned with such magnanimitic, fidelitie, ward (receiving various smaller streams), and falls into
iustice, clemencie.

Hall, p. 38. the Bay of Biscay, about three miles below Bayonne:
The holie senate was adorned with olde prudent persons : And not

ADOUY, a market town, in the county palatine of without teares I saie it is at this houre it is ful of jäylers & liers. Stuhlweissenberg, in Hungary, situated on the Danube.

The Golden Booke, D. v.

In the adjoining counties of Beregh, Bihar, and Sa-
Quhais haris and his templis war wele dicht

boltsch, it is also the name of several villages.
Wyth ryall croun of fyne gold byrnist brycht,
Quhareon stude turrettis twelf, like bemes schene,

ADOWA, a town of Abyssinia, the capital of the
As it an riche adornament had bene

province of Tigré, and containing a sovereign residence. Of clere Phebus, that was his grantschire hald.

It is situated a little below the river Ribieraini, on the
Douglas, book xii. p. 412.

declivity of a hill

, and affords extensive views of the By the most wise and unchanged order, which God observed in mountainous district around. The word Adowa, signithe works of the world, I gather, that the light, in the first day fying pass or passage, in the language of the country, created, was tbe substance of the Sun : for Moses repeateth twice the main parts of the universal : first, as they were created in mat

is characteristic of its situation, as commanding the only ter ; 2dly, as they were adorned with form,

road from Gondar to the Red Sea. It is said to conRalegh's History of the World. tain 800 houses, of the usual conical form, built chiefly Her breast all naked, as net iuory,

of clay, and thatched ; and has long been remarkable Without adorne of gold or silver bright,

for an extensive manufacture of coarse cotton cloths, Wherewith the craftes-man wonts it beautifie, Of her dew honour was despoyled quight.

which form a medium of exchange in Abyssinia, and Spenser's Faerie Qveene, book iii. canto xii.

are valued at the rate of ten webs to an ounce of gold; Th' adorning thee with so much art

or at one pataka each web. Fine cotton cloths are also Is but a barbarous skill;

manufactured here; but the principal trade is in cattle, 'Tis like the poisoning of a dart,

corn, and salt, produced in the environs, and is conToo apt before to kill. Couley's Mistress.

ducted chiefly by Mahometan merchants, attracted TROY.

Castamela,

hither by the facilities for commerce with which the Thy beauteous sister, like a precious tissue,

town abounds. Lon. 39o E. Lat. 14°, 10.
Not shaped into a garment fit for wearing;
Wants the adornments of the workman's cunning

ADOWN, 2

See Down.
To set the richness of the piece at view.

ADOW Y'WARD.
Ford's Fancies, Chaste and Noble, act i. sc. 1.

þe kyng þe while London by segede faste,
Remember how foolish a thing it is, to be proud of such a carcase ;

And destryede þe erle's lond, & ys contreis a doun caste. to spend all, or the greatest part of our time, in trimming and

R. Gloucester, p. 55. adorning it; in studying new fashions, and new devices to set it out. And stones adonward slonge vp hem ý nowe,

Hale's Contemplations.

And myd speres & myd fion vaste of hem slowe,
Of that skill the more thou know'st,

And myd suerd & myd ax.

Id.
P.

362.
The more she will acknowledge thee her bead,

My berd, my here that .hangeth long adoun,
And to realities yield all her shows :

That never felt non offension
Made so adorn, for thy delight the more,

Of rasour ne of shere, I wol thee yeve,
So aweful, that with honor thou inay'st love

And ben thy trewe servant while I live.
Thy mate.
Milton's Paradise Lost, b. viii.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, vol. i. p. 96.
What they can spare, besides the necessary expence of their Whan Phebus dwelled here in erth adoun,
domestique, the public payments, and the common course of stile As olde bookes maken mentioun,
increasing their stock, is laid out in the fabric, adornment, or fur. He was the moste lusty bacheler
niture of their bouses.

Of all this world, and eke the best archer.
Sir Wm. Temple's Observations upon the

ld. The Manciple's Tale, vol. ii. p. 267.
United Provinces of the Netherlands.

Untò Marie from abone
How negligently graceful he (the noble Montague) unreing

Of that he knewe hir humble entent,
His verse, and writes in loose familiar strains;

His owne sonne adowne he sent
How Nassau’s god-like acts adorn his lines,

Aboue all other, and hir he chese,
And all the hero in full glory shines !

For that rertu, whiclre that bodeth pes.
Addison's Account of the Greatest English Pocts.

Gouer, Con. A. b. i.

}

ADOWN.

ADRIA MOPLE

His dreadful hideous bed

The gardens are some miles in circumference. The ADRIAClose couched on the beuer, seem'd to throwe structures most worthy of attention are the mosques,

NOPLE. From flaming mouth bright sparkles fierie red,

whose lofty steeples and colonnades, with pedestals ADROIT.
That suddaine horror to faint harts did showe;
And scaly taile was stretcht adowne bis back full lowe. and chapiters of cast brass, gates of marble, exqui-

Spenser's Faerie Queene, b. i. c. vii. sitely carved, fountains, and porticos and cupolas,
Her hair

surmounted with gilded balls, cannot fail of impressing
Unty'd, and ignorant of artful aid,

the beholder with sentiments of wonder and delight.
Adoun her shoulders loosely lay display'd,

The number of inhabitants may be estimated at up-
And in the jetty curls ten thousand Cupids play'd.

Prior's Solomon, b. ii.

wards of 100,000. It is the residence of a Greek archAdoun Augusta's palid visage flow

bishop, under the patriarch of Constantinople, and is The living pearls with unaffected woe.

a favourite place of retreat with the sultan, either for Discons'late, hapless, see pale Britain mourn,

pleasure or in times of public danger and calamity.
Abandon'd isle! forsaken and forlorn !

The air is good, and the adjacent country fertile. The
Falconer's Ode on the D. of York.

wine is esteemed the best in Turkey. It is governed ADREAD'. See DREAD.

by a mullah cadi, who has absolute authority in civil þe kyng askede, wad heo were ? þei were a drad ful sore. and criminal matters. The Turks under Sultan Amube maister fel a doun on kne, and criede mercy & ore.

R. Gloucester, p. 39.

rath I. took this city from the Greeks in 1362, and made Ther n'as baillif, ne herde, ne other hine,

it the capital of the empire, till Mahomet II. captured
That he ne knew his sleight and his covine:

Constantinople in 1453. In 1754 and 1778, it suffered
They were adradde of him, as of the deth.

extremely by fire. E. lon. 26°, 27'. N. lat. 41°, 41'.
Chaucer. The Prologue. The Reve, vol. i. p. 25. ADRIATIC Sea, or the Gulf of Venice, an arm of
This sely carpenter hath gret mervaile

the Mediterranean, and contained between Dalmatia,
Of Nicholas, or what thing might him aile,

Sclavonia, Greece, and Italy, about 200 leagues long
And said ; I am adrad by Seint Thomas,
It standeth not aright with Nicholas :

and 50 broad, extending from south-east to north-
God shilde that he died
sodenly.

west, from lat. 40 to 45°, 55'. N. It derives its name
Id. The Milleres Tale, vol. i. p. 135. from the town of Adria, in the Polesino di Rovigo. It
And on that o side of the towne

is sometimes frozen over near Venice, though in sum-
The kynge let make Ilion,

mer its temperature is higher than that of the Medi-
That high toure, that stronge place,
Whiche was adrad of no manace,

terranean. The Venetians claim exclusive dominion
Of quarele, nor of none engyne.

over it, which is annually recognized by wedding it

Gower. Con. A. bk. v. on Ascension-day; a ceremony performed by the chief
Did shrieke aloud, that through the house it rong, niagistrate dropping a ring into the sea, on which he
And the whole family there--with udred,

appears in great state. Its coasts on either side are
Rashly out of their rouzed couches sprong,

sinuous and full of gulphs; and on the eastern shore
And to the troubled chanzber all in armes did throng.
Spenser's Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. i.

are numerous small islands. The sea encroaches, ADRIANISTS, in Ecclesiastical History, a name diterranean, it has here a daily ebbing and flowing of

though very slowly, on the land, and, unlike the Megiren to an obscure sect of heretics of the first century, the tide. mentioned by Theodoret, who gives us, however, no account of their founder, or the reason of this appel adrift, of the AS. verb drifan, ādrifan, to drive.

ADRIFT', is the past participle adrifed, adrif'd, lation. The same term is also applied to the followers

And quhat aventure has the bidder driffe ? of Adrian Hamstedius in the sixteenth century. They

Douglas, b. iü. p. 79.
Were Anabaptists, and maintained several errors con i. e. driffed, or driffen. (Tooke.)
cerning the person of Christ.

Adrigh, in Gower, is considered by Skinner to have
ADRIANOPLE, a large town, anciently called originated in the same AS. verb.
Oresta, and now, by the Turks and Arabs, Adranah, or

The Kynges donghter, whiche this sigh,
Edrene, situated on the Marizza, in the province of

For pure abashe drewe hir adrigh. Gouer. Con. A. b. iv. Romania, in European Turkey, 130 miles west of Con

Then shall this mount stantinople. It was restored by the emperor Adrian,

Of Paradise by might of waves be mov'd

Out of his place, push'd by the horned flood, from whom its name is derived : it having formerly With all his verdure spoild, and trees adrift, been the capital of the country of the Bessi, and called Down the great river, to the opening gulf. Uskadama. It is from eight to nine miles in circum

Milt. Par. Lost, b. xii. ference, and surrounded by a wall with towers, now

Be put alone into a boat, in a decayed state. The houses are low, built chiefly

With bread and water only for three days; of mud and clay; and the streets narrow and dirty.

So on the sea she shall be set adrift,

And who relieves her, dies.
There is a beautiful bazaar, or market-place, called Ali

Dry. Marriage a la Mede, act iii.
Bassa, which is an arched building, half a mile long, The slack sail shifts from side to side ;
with six gates, and 365 handsome shops, kept by The boat untrimm'd admits the tide.
Turks, Armenians, and Jews. There is also a less beau Borne down, adrift, at random tost,

His oar breaks short, the rudder's lost. tiful bazaar, of a mile in length. The Bizestein, which

Gay's Fables, p. ii. contains about 200 shops, is in another part of the Having fallen in with a reef of rocks in their return to the ship, city, and appropriated to the sale of such articles they had been obliged to cut Mr. Banks's little boat adrift. as are made of gold and silver, jewels, pistols, sci

Cook's Voyages. mitars, &c. The grand vizier's palace is a commodious ADROIT, adj. Lat. directus, Ital. dritto, Fr. house, after the Turkish manner of building, and

ADROIT LY, droit. distinguished for the agreeableness of its situation ADROIT'NESS. An adroit man aims direct at

ADROIT. his mark, hits it; attains his purpose with ease, skill,

It is not honest, it may not avance,

AD dexterity.

As for to delen with no swiche pouraille,

VANCE AD

But all with riche and sellers of vitaille.
VANCE.
Or, wanting these, from Charlotte Hayes we bring,

Chaucer. The Prologue. The Frere, vol. i. p. 11.
Damsels alike udroit, to sport and sting.

Mason. Heroic Epis.

And thus of o thing I may araunten me,

At th' ende I had the beter in eche degree,
The stoic and the libertine, the sinner and the saint, are equally

By sleight or force, or by som maner thing.
adroit in the application of the telescope and the quadrant.

Id. The W'if of Bathes Prologue, vol. i. p. 242.

Horsley's Sermons.
The skill and adroitness of the artist, acquired, as your's has been,

For unto a poure ordre for to give
by repeated acts, and continual practice.

Horne.

Is signe that a man is wel yshrive.

For if he gave, he dorste make avant,
ADRY. See DRY.

He wiste that a man was repentant.
ADRUMETUM, or HADRUMETUM, anciently a cele-

Chaucer. The Prologue. The Frere, vol. i. p. 10. brated city, the capital of Byzacium, in Africa, sup Arauntour, is he that bosteth of the harine or of the bountee that

Id. The Persones Tale, vol. ii. p. 31%. posed by Dr. Shaw to have occupied the same situation he hatha don. with the present Herkla. It was the Justinimana of

And with that word came Drede auaunt, the middle, and the Heraclea of the lower empire. Its

Which was abashed, and in great fere

Whan he wist Jelousie was there. ruins indicate a place of about a mile in circumference.

Id. R. of R. fol. 131, col. 4. ADSCITITIOUS. Ad: scisco, scitus. To seek or

Ther is another yet of pride,
inquire after (adjungere, assumere, ut exponit Festus).

Whiche neuer coude bis wordes hide,
To adjoin, to assume, And the word (when used) is

That he ne wolde hym selfi auqunt:
applied to that which is adjunct, or assumed.

There maie nothinge his tonge daunt,

That he ne clappeth as a belle.
All which are additional labour, and take up much room in dis-

Gower, Con. A. book i. courses and books, and are performed by different authors, upon

And thus for that there is no dele, ditierent subjects, and in ditlerent kinds of writing, with an infinite

Wherof to make mine auaunt, variety of niethods and forms, according to men's divierent views

It is to reason accordaunt, and capacities; and many times not without a necessity of some

That I maie neuer, but I lie, condescensions, adscititious advantages, and even applications to the

Of loue inake awa untrie.

Id.
passions.
Wolluston's Religion of Nature.

And of none other auantaince:
You apply to your hypothesis of an adscititious spirit what he

Thus nedeth me no repentaunce.

Id. [Philo) says concerning this tveira Secoy, divine spirit or soul, infused into man by God's breathing. Clarke's Letter to Dodwell.

Shal no lewednesse lette. þe clerk þat ich lovje

That be ne worth ferst avanced.
ADUAR, or ADAUR, a moveable village, composed

Vision of Piers Plouhman, p. 39. of huts, which the Arab families inhabit; and of which

The French soldiers, which from their youth have been practised there are supposed to be 30,000 in the kingdom of and inured in feats of arms, do not crack or advance themselves to Algiers.

have very often got the upper hand and mastery of your new made ADVANCE', 7.

Anciently written arance: and unpractised soldiers. More's Utopia by Robinson, p. 56. ADVANCE', n.

in French avancer, avance. In heaué how highly so euer any man is aduaiiced, therwith is ADVANCEMENT, To bring into the tan.

none oflended, but rather euerye one (so well they loue eche other) ADVANCER, In Robert of Gloucester reioy seth and hath his part in ecbe others aduancement

Sir Thomas More's Works, p. 1369. col. 1. AVANCE',

the ran guard is called the AVAUNCEMENT,

Or rather would, ô would it had so chamc't,
taumt wardes,

That you, most noble sir, had present beene,
AVTUNT', .

To forward, or bring for When that lewd ribauld (with vile lust advaunc't)
A VAUNT', n.
ward into the front or fore-

Laid first bis filthy hands on virgin clerne,
AVAUNT', adc. ground, the vantage ground. To spoyle her daintie corse so faire and sheene.
AVAUNT'ANCE,

Spenser's Fuerie Queene, b. ii. c. i.
To propose, or offer to notice
AVAUNTOUR, or attention; to promote, to

After this process

To give her the arcaunt, it is a pity,
AVAUNT'RY.
prefer, to exalt.

Would move a monster.
Chaucer uses the adverb araunt, forward; and also

Shakespeare, Henry VIII.
the noun arant, and the verb arante, which, Mr. Tyrwhit Arrunt ! begone! thou'st set me on the rack :
says, are French, and mean boast, to boast.

I swear 'tis better to be much abus'd,
Than but to know a little.

Ib. Othello, act iii.
But this is a consequent application. He who

With this swerde did Christe put of the divel, when he was araunteth, raunteth ; cometh araint, puts himself or his deeds forward, obtrudes them, is a boaster. And this tempted of himn : with these weapons ought al presu:nption, whiche

doothe awaunce itself againste God, to be ouerthruwen and conapplication is common in the elder writers.

quered. Another application of araunt is, to go forward, to Jewel's Defence of the Apologic of the Churche of Englande. pass on, to go on, to begone.

Those that are adranced by degrees are less envied than those that are advanced suddenly.

Bacon's Essay on Enry.
bé luper tray tor hýs sone auanced was gut bet,
Vor hýs robe & hys dygnyte was al wel byset.

A cherub tall;
He zei hým such auancement, as he wolde, he snor ys oß,

Who forthwith from the clittering staff unfurl'd
þat he ne dorste neueref carye of mete ne of cloß.

Tl'imperial ensign ; which, full high advanc'd,
R. Gloucester, p. 312.

Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind,

Willi gems and golden lustre rich inblazed, þe vaunt wardes hem mette vorst, as rygte was to done.

Seraphick arms and trophies. 16. p. 437.

Millon, Par. Lost, b. i. He felt him heuy & ferlý sehe, his body wer alle seere,

Wherefore Sir Edwarde Pounynges accordyng lo bis commission. His childre he wild auance, tiile he o ljue were.

entendyng to punishe suche as have bene ayders and aduauncers of

R. Brunne, p. 18. Perkins foolishe enterprice, with his whole arinie, marched forwarde þorgh conseile of som of hise, refused he pat present,

agaynst thys wylde Irishemen. bei said, on oper wise he salle haf auancement. Ib. p. 103.

Grafon, v. ii. p. 200.

AD Our adranced beliefs are not to be built upon dictates, but having

Therfore attemper thy courage :

ADVAN. VANCE received the probable inducements of truth, we become emancipated

Foolhast doth none auantage,

TAGE. from testimonial engagements, and are to erect upon the surer base

But ofte it set a man behynde
ADVAN. of reason.

Brown's Vulgar Errours.
In cause of loue, and I finde

ADVENE. TAGE

By olde ensamples, as thou shalt here
More advantageous had it been unto truth to have fallen into the

Touchend of loue in this matere. endeavours of some co-operating advancers, that might have performed

Gower, Con, A. bk. iii,
it to the life, and added authority thereto ; which the privacie of our
condition, and unequal abilities cannot expect.

For as the darke is in thys matter all hys auauntage : euē so is
Id. Pref.
verely the light in like wise myne.

Sir T. More's Works, p. 931. col. 1.
To redeem any doth signify goodness, to redeem many doth
increase, to redeem all doth advance it to the highest pitch.

King John. Within this wall of flesh
Barrow's Sermons.

There is a soul counts thee her creditor,

And with advantage means to pay thy love.
Th' advance of kindness which I made, was feign'd,

Shakespeare, K. John, act iii. sc. 2.
To call back fleeting love by jealousie.
Dryden. All for Love, act iv. K. Her. And take with you free power to ratify,

Augment or alter, as you your wisdom best
Mr. Newton, in his never enough to be admired book, has demon-

Shall see advantageable for our dignity. strated several propositions, which are so inany new truths, before

Shakespeare, Henry V. act v. sc. 2.
unknown to the world; and are farther advances in mathematical
knowledge.

Without Christ, it would be far from advantaging us toward our
Locke's Essay on Human Understanding.

salvation : for alas! though we should turn never so holy, never so

virtuous and reformed : what satisfaction or recompence could we If the perfection of a rational creature consist in acting according make for our former sins and iniquities. to reason ; and if his merit rises in proportion as he advances in

Chillinguorth's Sermons perfection : How can that state, which best secures him from acting

Here, perhaps, irrationally, lessen or take away his merit?

Some advantageous act may be achiev'd
Il'arburton's Divine Legation of Moses Demonstrated, b. v.

By sudden onset; either with hell-fire

To waste his whole creation, or possess
True religion is the best support of every government, which,

All as our own; and drive as we were driven,
being founded on just principles, proposes for its end the joint
adrancement of the virtue and the happiness of the people.

The puny habitants.

Milton's Par. Lost, b, ü.
Horsley's Sermons.

Count all th' advantage prosperoas vice attains,
So love, that clings around the noblest minds,

'Tis but what virtue ties from and disdains :
Forbids th' advancement of the soul be binds.

Cowper. Retirement,

And grant the bad what happiness they would,

One they must want, which is, to pass for good.
Hence, avaunt ! 'tis holy ground;

Pope's Essay on Man, epist. iv.
Comus and his midnight crew,
And Ignorance with look profound

Whatever advantages I obtain by my own free endeavours, and

right use of those faculties and powers I have, I look upon them to
And dreaming Sloth, of pallid hue ;
Mad Sedition's cry prophane,

be as much the effects of God's providence and government, as if
Servitude, that hugs her chain ;

they were given me immediately by Him, without my acting.
Nor in these consecrated bowers,

Wollaston's Religion of Nature.
Let painted Flattery hide her serpent-train in flowers. The last property which qualifies God for the fittest object of our
Gray's Installation Ode. love, is the advantageousness of his to us.

Boyle's Seraphic Love.
ADVANCE, fosse or ditch; in fortification that which

· Danger, then,
surrounds the glacis or esplanade of a place to prevent Urges the prince's death;
Surprize. Also that part of the retrenchment which is He dies this minute, that the next may better
nearest the enemy.

Advantage our escapes.

Southerne's Loyal Brother, act. i. ADVANCE GUARD, or Vanguard; in military tactics the first line or division of an army, in order of battle; capacities ; and in what manner they are to be exercised and in

Every man should be well acquainted with his own talents and or that part which is nearest, or which marches first proved to the greatest advantage. towards the enemy. It is more particularly applied to

Alason's Self-knowledge. a small party of horse stationed before the main You see by this one instance, and in the course of your life you guard.

will see by a million of instances, of what use a good reputation is,

and how swift and advantageous a harbinger it is, wherever one
ADVAN’TAGE, r.

Anciently written atan-
goes.

Chesterfield. Letter clxxii.
ADVANTAGE, n.
tage, as in the French;

Some abruptly speak advantageously of themselves, without either
ADVANTAG'EOUS, and may be referred to the pretence or provocation. They are impudent.
ADVANTAG'EOUSLY, same origin with avancer.

Id. Letter clxvi.
ADVANTAG'EOUSNESS, It is applied consequently

ADVENE', v.

Ad: venio ; venio, from
ADVANTAGE'ABLE. to forward, to promote the

ADVEN'IENT, Balvw; to come to. These interests of, to favour, to benefit, to profit.

ADVENT,

compounds have not come into

ADVENTINE',
Sir, fairere þe wore, graunte vs bi curteysie,

very common use.
þau parties pinched more, þe auantage set so hie,

ADVENTI'TIOUS, Advent and adventual are þat þou may gyue with right, whan pou wille & how,

ADVENT'IVE 1. more particularly applied to the
þat salle not be porgh sight be demed of lesse pan þou.

ADVENT'IVE, adj coming of Jesus Christ.
R. Brunne, p. 314. ADVENT'UAL.

Adventitious is the most fre-
That I have fought with beastes at Ephesus after ye inaner of quently met with, though with little necessity.
nue, what atauntageth it me, yf ye deed ryse not agayne.
Billé, 1539–1 Corinthians, chap. ar.

So gret frost þer com in Aduent, þat men mygte agryse,

þat men mygte boße ryde & go in Temese vpe yse. As sooth is sayd, elde hath gret avantage,

R. Gloucester, p. 463.
in elde is bothe wisdom and usage :

The accidental of any act is said to be whatever adrenes to the
Men may the old out-renne, but not out-rede.

act itself,
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, vol. i. p. 97.

Ayliffe's Parergon. 'VOL. XVII.

R

seasons.

ADVENE Being thus divided from truth in themselves, they are yet farther

This lady there right well apaid

ADVEN: removed by advenient deception. For true it is (and I hope I shall

Me by the hand toke, and said,

TURE. ADVEN- not offend their vulgarities) if I say they are daily mocked into

Welcome prisoner aduenturus
TURE. error by subtler divisors, and have been expressly deluded by all

Right glad am I ye baue said thus,
professions and ages.
Brown's l'ulgar Errours.

And for ye doubt me to displease
To him who is consecrated in the most boly mystery of Regene-

I will assay to doe you ease.
ration, the perfective Unction of Chrism gives to him the advent of

Chaucer's Dreame, fol. 357, col, 1.
the Holy Spirit.
Taylor's Discourse of Confirmation.

And for he was a knight auntrous,
If the proportion of the adventine heat be greatly predominant to

He n'olde slepen in non hous,
the natural heat and spirits of the body, it tendeth to dissolution or

But liggen in his hood, notable alteration.

Bacon.

His brighte helm was his wanger,

And by him baited his destrer
A humour is a liquid or fluent part of the body, comprehended in

Of herbes fin and good.
it, for the preservation of it, and is either innate or born with us, or

Id. The Rime of Sire Thopas, vol. ii. p. 69. adventitious and acquisite.

Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy. Yee and the woman that is so tender and delycate, that she The natives be not so many, but that there may be elbow-room

dare not aduenture to sett the sole of her foote vpon the grounde,

(for softnesse and tendernesse,) shal be greued to loke on her enough for them, and for the adventives also.

Bacon.

hushande that lyetli in her bosome, and on her some, and on her I do also daily use one other collect; as, namely, the collects ad- daughter.

Bible, 1539, Deut. chap. xxvii. ventual, quadragesimal, paschal, or peutecostal, for their proper

Bp. Sanderson,

Whereunto if she saide that she myghte not for feare of her huse

bandes losse, and her owne peryl, aduenture to kepe these bookes If his blood boil, and th' adventitious fire

because of the kinges proclamacion, he would tel ber and perswade Rais'd by high meats, and higher wines, require

her playnelye, that the bookes of the scrypture she must needes To temper and allay the burning heat;

keepe spyght of all the prynces proclamacion to dve therefore.
Waters are brought, wbich by decoction get

Sir T. More's Works, p. 701, col. 2.
New coolness.

Dryden.

And the Plateens and aduenturers which were wyth Demosthenes, Death's dreadful advent is the mark of man :

were the furst that came to sease and possesse the poorte and entred And every thought that misses it, is vain.

into it by the quartier, where as presently is sene a trophee or

victorie addressed & set vp.
Young's Night Thoughts.

Nicolls' Thucidides, fol. 111, col. 2.
Thy saints proclaim thee king, and thy delay
Gives courage to their foes, who, could they see

Had they not been assisted from the gallies with an vnusuall kind
The dawn of thy last advent, long desir'd,

of engines, which did beat backe the Britaines (vnexpert of that Would creep into the bowels of the hills,

strange manner of assault) the Romans had not set foot on British And flee for safety to the falling rocks.

soile, neither durst they then aduenture it.
Couper's Task, book vi.

Speed's Hist. of Gr. Britain.
To things of great dimensions, if we annex an adventitious idea of

And sure this murth’red prince, though weak he was,
terror, they become without comparison greater.

He was not ill ; nor yet so weak, but that
Burke on the Sublime and Beautiful.

He show'd much martial valour in his place

Advent'ring oft his person for the state.
ADVENT, in the calendar, the time preceding the

Daniel's Civil IVari, b. iii. feast of the nativity. It includes four weeks from St. It is a pleasure to stand upon the shore, and to see ships tost upon Andrew's day, or the Sunday before or after it. It the sea : a pleasure to stand in the window of a castle, and to see a was appointed to employ the thoughts on the Ad battle, and the adventures thereof below.

Bacon's Essay on Truth. ventus, or first coming of Christ in the flesh, and his

Then let the former age with this content her, second coming to judge the world. This is one of the

She brought the poets forth, but our's th' adventer.
seasons, from the beginning of which to the end of the

Ben Jonson. Epigr. cxxxiii.
octave of the Epiphany, marriages cannot be celebrated
in England without express licence.

Great club-first [Alcides) though thy back and bones be sore

Still, with thy former labours, add one more,
ADVENTURE, r. Ad: tenio: adventus; ad Act a brave work, call it thy last adventry.
ADVEN'TURE, N. venturus.

Id. Voyage itself.
ADVENTURER,
Adventure, as a substantive,

So these, the late
ADVENTUROUS, means, any thing, that will,

Heaven-banished host, lest desart utmost bell
ADVENTUROUSLY,
that is about to, come.

Many a dark league, reduc'd in careful watch

Round their metropolis ; and now expecting
ADVEN'TRY.
Adventurer, he that tries,

Each hour their great adventurer, from the search
risks, hazards, braves, whatever is about to come.

Of foreign worlds.
It was anciently written Auntre and Arenture. Ad-

!

Milton. Par. Lost, book x. rentry is sometimes found.

What will not one in captivity (as Sir Walter was) promise, to Now is he in be see with saile on mast vpsette.

regain his freedom ? who would not promise, not only mines, but

mountains of gold, for liberty? and 'tis pity such a knowing wellToward his lond þei drouh, to auenture his chance,

weigh'd knight had not had a better fortune ; for the Destiny (I With Normandes inouh, of Flandres & of France.

mean that brave ship which he built himself of that that R. Brunne, p. 70.

carry'd him thither) is like to prove a fatal destiny to liin, and to bo he com out ward with ys folk, þe emperour with stod, some of the rest of those gallant adventurers. And dredde of hys hardynesse, & pouzte yt was not god,

Houell's Letters.
To do his lyf an auntre, and ys men al so.

Fast by the oracle of God; I thence
R. Gloucester, p. 64.

Invoke thy aid to mine adventurous song,
And whan this jape is tald another day

That, with no middle flight, intends to soar
I shal be halden a daffe or a cokenay:

Above th' Aonian mount, while it pursues
I wol arise, and auntre it by my fay:

Things unattempted yet in prose or rhime.
Unhardy is unsely, thus men say.

Milton. Par. Lost, b. i.
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, vol. I. p. 166. Boy. Bardolfe and Nom had tenne times more valour, then this
Thus can I nought my selfe counsaile,

roaring diuell i'th olde play, that euerie one may payre his nayles But all I sette on aunture,

with a woodden dagger, and they are both hang'd, and so would And am, as who saith, out of cure.

this be, if hee durst stcale any thing aduenturously. Gower, Con, A, book iv.

Shakespeare's Henry V. act ii.

name,

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