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ADORN, riche in the sight of god. for so summe tyme hooli wyminen hopinge It were happy if the prisons of the kingdon were filled only with ADORA in god ournyden hemsilff, and weren suget to her owne husbondis. characters like these, men whom prosperity could not make useful,
Wiclif, 1 Peter, chap. iii. and whom ruin cannot make wise: but there are among us many ADOWS, Whose adorning, let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting who raise different sensations ; many that owe their present misery the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparell.
to the seductions of treachery, the strokes of casualty, or the tenBut let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not
derness of pity; many whose sutterings disgrace society, and whose corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is
virtues would adorn it.
Adventurer, No. 53.
Chesterfield. Letter cr.
At church, with meek and unaffected grace,
His looks adorn'd the venerable place;
Truth from his lips prevail'd with double sway,
And tools, who canie to scoil, remain'd to pray.
Goldsmith's Descrted l'illage
ADOT'ED. See DOTE.
It falleth that the most wise
Ben other while of loue adoted.
Gouer. Con. A. bk. vi.
Fubyan, p. 715.
Upper Pyrenees, in the county of Bigorre, pursues a
Hall, p. 38. the Bay of Biscay, about three miles below Bayonne:
ADOUY, a market town, in the county palatine of without teares I saie it is at this houre it is ful of jäylers & liers. Stuhlweissenberg, in Hungary, situated on the Danube.
The Golden Booke, D. v.
In the adjoining counties of Beregh, Bihar, and Sa-
boltsch, it is also the name of several villages.
ADOWA, a town of Abyssinia, the capital of the
province of Tigré, and containing a sovereign residence. Of clere Phebus, that was his grantschire hald.
It is situated a little below the river Ribieraini, on the
declivity of a hill
, and affords extensive views of the By the most wise and unchanged order, which God observed in mountainous district around. The word Adowa, signithe works of the world, I gather, that the light, in the first day fying pass or passage, in the language of the country, created, was tbe substance of the Sun : for Moses repeateth twice the main parts of the universal : first, as they were created in mat
is characteristic of its situation, as commanding the only ter ; 2dly, as they were adorned with form,
road from Gondar to the Red Sea. It is said to conRalegh's History of the World. tain 800 houses, of the usual conical form, built chiefly Her breast all naked, as net iuory,
of clay, and thatched ; and has long been remarkable Without adorne of gold or silver bright,
for an extensive manufacture of coarse cotton cloths, Wherewith the craftes-man wonts it beautifie, Of her dew honour was despoyled quight.
which form a medium of exchange in Abyssinia, and Spenser's Faerie Qveene, book iii. canto xii.
are valued at the rate of ten webs to an ounce of gold; Th' adorning thee with so much art
or at one pataka each web. Fine cotton cloths are also Is but a barbarous skill;
manufactured here; but the principal trade is in cattle, 'Tis like the poisoning of a dart,
corn, and salt, produced in the environs, and is conToo apt before to kill. Couley's Mistress.
ducted chiefly by Mahometan merchants, attracted TROY.
hither by the facilities for commerce with which the Thy beauteous sister, like a precious tissue,
town abounds. Lon. 39o E. Lat. 14°, 10.
þe kyng þe while London by segede faste,
And destryede þe erle's lond, & ys contreis a doun caste. to spend all, or the greatest part of our time, in trimming and
R. Gloucester, p. 55. adorning it; in studying new fashions, and new devices to set it out. And stones adonward slonge vp hem ý nowe,
And myd speres & myd fion vaste of hem slowe,
And myd suerd & myd ax.
My berd, my here that .hangeth long adoun,
That never felt non offension
Of rasour ne of shere, I wol thee yeve,
And ben thy trewe servant while I live.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, vol. i. p. 96.
Of all this world, and eke the best archer.
ld. The Manciple's Tale, vol. ii. p. 267.
Untò Marie from abone
Of that he knewe hir humble entent,
His owne sonne adowne he sent
Aboue all other, and hir he chese,
For that rertu, whiclre that bodeth pes.
Gouer, Con. A. b. i.
His dreadful hideous bed
The gardens are some miles in circumference. The ADRIAClose couched on the beuer, seem'd to throwe structures most worthy of attention are the mosques,
NOPLE. From flaming mouth bright sparkles fierie red,
whose lofty steeples and colonnades, with pedestals ADROIT.
Spenser's Faerie Queene, b. i. c. vii. sitely carved, fountains, and porticos and cupolas,
surmounted with gilded balls, cannot fail of impressing
the beholder with sentiments of wonder and delight.
The number of inhabitants may be estimated at up-
Prior's Solomon, b. ii.
wards of 100,000. It is the residence of a Greek archAdoun Augusta's palid visage flow
bishop, under the patriarch of Constantinople, and is The living pearls with unaffected woe.
a favourite place of retreat with the sultan, either for Discons'late, hapless, see pale Britain mourn,
pleasure or in times of public danger and calamity.
The air is good, and the adjacent country fertile. The
wine is esteemed the best in Turkey. It is governed ADREAD'. See DREAD.
by a mullah cadi, who has absolute authority in civil þe kyng askede, wad heo were ? þei were a drad ful sore. and criminal matters. The Turks under Sultan Amube maister fel a doun on kne, and criede mercy & ore.
R. Gloucester, p. 39.
rath I. took this city from the Greeks in 1362, and made Ther n'as baillif, ne herde, ne other hine,
it the capital of the empire, till Mahomet II. captured
Constantinople in 1453. In 1754 and 1778, it suffered
extremely by fire. E. lon. 26°, 27'. N. lat. 41°, 41'.
the Mediterranean, and contained between Dalmatia,
Sclavonia, Greece, and Italy, about 200 leagues long
and 50 broad, extending from south-east to north-
west, from lat. 40 to 45°, 55'. N. It derives its name
is sometimes frozen over near Venice, though in sum-
mer its temperature is higher than that of the Medi-
terranean. The Venetians claim exclusive dominion
over it, which is annually recognized by wedding it
Gower. Con. A. bk. v. on Ascension-day; a ceremony performed by the chief
appears in great state. Its coasts on either side are
sinuous and full of gulphs; and on the eastern shore
are numerous small islands. The sea encroaches, ADRIANISTS, in Ecclesiastical History, a name diterranean, it has here a daily ebbing and flowing of
though very slowly, on the land, and, unlike the Megiren to an obscure sect of heretics of the first century, the tide. mentioned by Theodoret, who gives us, however, no account of their founder, or the reason of this appel adrift, of the AS. verb drifan, ādrifan, to drive.
ADRIFT', is the past participle adrifed, adrif'd, lation. The same term is also applied to the followers
And quhat aventure has the bidder driffe ? of Adrian Hamstedius in the sixteenth century. They
Douglas, b. iü. p. 79.
Adrigh, in Gower, is considered by Skinner to have
The Kynges donghter, whiche this sigh,
For pure abashe drewe hir adrigh. Gouer. Con. A. b. iv. Romania, in European Turkey, 130 miles west of Con
Then shall this mount stantinople. It was restored by the emperor Adrian,
Of Paradise by might of waves be mov'd
Out of his place, push'd by the horned flood, from whom its name is derived : it having formerly With all his verdure spoild, and trees adrift, been the capital of the country of the Bessi, and called Down the great river, to the opening gulf. Uskadama. It is from eight to nine miles in circum
Milt. Par. Lost, b. xii. ference, and surrounded by a wall with towers, now
Be put alone into a boat, in a decayed state. The houses are low, built chiefly
With bread and water only for three days; of mud and clay; and the streets narrow and dirty.
So on the sea she shall be set adrift,
And who relieves her, dies.
Dry. Marriage a la Mede, act iii.
His oar breaks short, the rudder's lost. tiful bazaar, of a mile in length. The Bizestein, which
Gay's Fables, p. ii. contains about 200 shops, is in another part of the Having fallen in with a reef of rocks in their return to the ship, city, and appropriated to the sale of such articles they had been obliged to cut Mr. Banks's little boat adrift. as are made of gold and silver, jewels, pistols, sci
Cook's Voyages. mitars, &c. The grand vizier's palace is a commodious ADROIT, adj. Lat. directus, Ital. dritto, Fr. house, after the Turkish manner of building, and
ADROIT LY, droit. distinguished for the agreeableness of its situation ADROIT'NESS. An adroit man aims direct at
ADROIT. his mark, hits it; attains his purpose with ease, skill,
It is not honest, it may not avance,
As for to delen with no swiche pouraille,
But all with riche and sellers of vitaille.
Chaucer. The Prologue. The Frere, vol. i. p. 11.
Mason. Heroic Epis.
And thus of o thing I may araunten me,
At th' ende I had the beter in eche degree,
By sleight or force, or by som maner thing.
Id. The W'if of Bathes Prologue, vol. i. p. 242.
For unto a poure ordre for to give
Is signe that a man is wel yshrive.
For if he gave, he dorste make avant,
He wiste that a man was repentant.
Chaucer. The Prologue. The Frere, vol. i. p. 10. brated city, the capital of Byzacium, in Africa, sup Arauntour, is he that bosteth of the harine or of the bountee that
Id. The Persones Tale, vol. ii. p. 31%. posed by Dr. Shaw to have occupied the same situation he hatha don. with the present Herkla. It was the Justinimana of
And with that word came Drede auaunt, the middle, and the Heraclea of the lower empire. Its
Which was abashed, and in great fere
Whan he wist Jelousie was there. ruins indicate a place of about a mile in circumference.
Id. R. of R. fol. 131, col. 4. ADSCITITIOUS. Ad: scisco, scitus. To seek or
Ther is another yet of pride,
Whiche neuer coude bis wordes hide,
That he ne wolde hym selfi auqunt:
There maie nothinge his tonge daunt,
That he ne clappeth as a belle.
Gower, Con. A. book i. courses and books, and are performed by different authors, upon
And thus for that there is no dele, ditierent subjects, and in ditlerent kinds of writing, with an infinite
Wherof to make mine auaunt, variety of niethods and forms, according to men's divierent views
It is to reason accordaunt, and capacities; and many times not without a necessity of some
That I maie neuer, but I lie, condescensions, adscititious advantages, and even applications to the
Of loue inake awa untrie.
And of none other auantaince:
Thus nedeth me no repentaunce.
Id. [Philo) says concerning this tveira Secoy, divine spirit or soul, infused into man by God's breathing. Clarke's Letter to Dodwell.
Shal no lewednesse lette. þe clerk þat ich lovje
That be ne worth ferst avanced.
Vision of Piers Plouhman, p. 39. of huts, which the Arab families inhabit; and of which
The French soldiers, which from their youth have been practised there are supposed to be 30,000 in the kingdom of and inured in feats of arms, do not crack or advance themselves to Algiers.
have very often got the upper hand and mastery of your new made ADVANCE', 7.
Anciently written arance: and unpractised soldiers. More's Utopia by Robinson, p. 56. ADVANCE', n.
in French avancer, avance. In heaué how highly so euer any man is aduaiiced, therwith is ADVANCEMENT, To bring into the tan.
none oflended, but rather euerye one (so well they loue eche other) ADVANCER, In Robert of Gloucester reioy seth and hath his part in ecbe others aduancement
Sir Thomas More's Works, p. 1369. col. 1. AVANCE',
the ran guard is called the AVAUNCEMENT,
Or rather would, ô would it had so chamc't,
That you, most noble sir, had present beene,
To forward, or bring for When that lewd ribauld (with vile lust advaunc't)
Laid first bis filthy hands on virgin clerne,
Spenser's Fuerie Queene, b. ii. c. i.
After this process
To give her the arcaunt, it is a pity,
Would move a monster.
Shakespeare, Henry VIII.
I swear 'tis better to be much abus'd,
Ib. Othello, act iii.
With this swerde did Christe put of the divel, when he was araunteth, raunteth ; cometh araint, puts himself or his deeds forward, obtrudes them, is a boaster. And this tempted of himn : with these weapons ought al presu:nption, whiche
doothe awaunce itself againste God, to be ouerthruwen and conapplication is common in the elder writers.
quered. Another application of araunt is, to go forward, to Jewel's Defence of the Apologic of the Churche of Englande. pass on, to go on, to begone.
Those that are adranced by degrees are less envied than those that are advanced suddenly.
Bacon's Essay on Enry.
A cherub tall;
Who forthwith from the clittering staff unfurl'd
Tl'imperial ensign ; which, full high advanc'd,
Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind,
Willi gems and golden lustre rich inblazed, þe vaunt wardes hem mette vorst, as rygte was to done.
Seraphick arms and trophies. 16. p. 437.
Millon, Par. Lost, b. i. He felt him heuy & ferlý sehe, his body wer alle seere,
Wherefore Sir Edwarde Pounynges accordyng lo bis commission. His childre he wild auance, tiile he o ljue were.
entendyng to punishe suche as have bene ayders and aduauncers of
R. Brunne, p. 18. Perkins foolishe enterprice, with his whole arinie, marched forwarde þorgh conseile of som of hise, refused he pat present,
agaynst thys wylde Irishemen. bei said, on oper wise he salle haf auancement. Ib. p. 103.
Grafon, v. ii. p. 200.
AD Our adranced beliefs are not to be built upon dictates, but having
Therfore attemper thy courage :
ADVAN. VANCE received the probable inducements of truth, we become emancipated
Foolhast doth none auantage,
TAGE. from testimonial engagements, and are to erect upon the surer base
But ofte it set a man behynde
Brown's Vulgar Errours.
By olde ensamples, as thou shalt here
Touchend of loue in this matere. endeavours of some co-operating advancers, that might have performed
Gower, Con, A. bk. iii,
For as the darke is in thys matter all hys auauntage : euē so is
Sir T. More's Works, p. 931. col. 1.
King John. Within this wall of flesh
There is a soul counts thee her creditor,
And with advantage means to pay thy love.
Shakespeare, K. John, act iii. sc. 2.
Augment or alter, as you your wisdom best
Shall see advantageable for our dignity. strated several propositions, which are so inany new truths, before
Shakespeare, Henry V. act v. sc. 2.
Without Christ, it would be far from advantaging us toward our
salvation : for alas! though we should turn never so holy, never so
virtuous and reformed : what satisfaction or recompence could we If the perfection of a rational creature consist in acting according make for our former sins and iniquities. to reason ; and if his merit rises in proportion as he advances in
Chillinguorth's Sermons perfection : How can that state, which best secures him from acting
Here, perhaps, irrationally, lessen or take away his merit?
Some advantageous act may be achiev'd
By sudden onset; either with hell-fire
To waste his whole creation, or possess
All as our own; and drive as we were driven,
The puny habitants.
Milton's Par. Lost, b, ü.
Count all th' advantage prosperoas vice attains,
'Tis but what virtue ties from and disdains :
And grant the bad what happiness they would,
One they must want, which is, to pass for good.
Pope's Essay on Man, epist. iv.
Whatever advantages I obtain by my own free endeavours, and
right use of those faculties and powers I have, I look upon them to
be as much the effects of God's providence and government, as if
they were given me immediately by Him, without my acting.
Wollaston's Religion of Nature.
Boyle's Seraphic Love.
· Danger, then,
Advantage our escapes.
Southerne's Loyal Brother, act. i. ADVANCE GUARD, or Vanguard; in military tactics the first line or division of an army, in order of battle; capacities ; and in what manner they are to be exercised and in
Every man should be well acquainted with his own talents and or that part which is nearest, or which marches first proved to the greatest advantage. towards the enemy. It is more particularly applied to
Alason's Self-knowledge. a small party of horse stationed before the main You see by this one instance, and in the course of your life you guard.
will see by a million of instances, of what use a good reputation is,
and how swift and advantageous a harbinger it is, wherever one
Anciently written atan-
Chesterfield. Letter clxxii.
Some abruptly speak advantageously of themselves, without either
Id. Letter clxvi.
Ad: venio ; venio, from
ADVEN'IENT, Balvw; to come to. These interests of, to favour, to benefit, to profit.
compounds have not come into
very common use.
ADVENTI'TIOUS, Advent and adventual are þat þou may gyue with right, whan pou wille & how,
ADVENT'IVE 1. more particularly applied to the
ADVENT'IVE, adj coming of Jesus Christ.
Adventitious is the most fre-
So gret frost þer com in Aduent, þat men mygte agryse,
þat men mygte boße ryde & go in Temese vpe yse. As sooth is sayd, elde hath gret avantage,
R. Gloucester, p. 463.
The accidental of any act is said to be whatever adrenes to the
Ayliffe's Parergon. 'VOL. XVII.
ADVENE Being thus divided from truth in themselves, they are yet farther
This lady there right well apaid
ADVEN: removed by advenient deception. For true it is (and I hope I shall
Me by the hand toke, and said,
TURE. ADVEN- not offend their vulgarities) if I say they are daily mocked into
Welcome prisoner aduenturus
Right glad am I ye baue said thus,
And for ye doubt me to displease
I will assay to doe you ease.
Chaucer's Dreame, fol. 357, col, 1.
And for he was a knight auntrous,
He n'olde slepen in non hous,
But liggen in his hood, notable alteration.
His brighte helm was his wanger,
And by him baited his destrer
Of herbes fin and good.
Id. The Rime of Sire Thopas, vol. ii. p. 69. adventitious and acquisite.
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy. Yee and the woman that is so tender and delycate, that she The natives be not so many, but that there may be elbow-room
dare not aduenture to sett the sole of her foote vpon the grounde,
(for softnesse and tendernesse,) shal be greued to loke on her enough for them, and for the adventives also.
hushande that lyetli in her bosome, and on her some, and on her I do also daily use one other collect; as, namely, the collects ad- daughter.
Bible, 1539, Deut. chap. xxvii. ventual, quadragesimal, paschal, or peutecostal, for their proper
Whereunto if she saide that she myghte not for feare of her huse
bandes losse, and her owne peryl, aduenture to kepe these bookes If his blood boil, and th' adventitious fire
because of the kinges proclamacion, he would tel ber and perswade Rais'd by high meats, and higher wines, require
her playnelye, that the bookes of the scrypture she must needes To temper and allay the burning heat;
keepe spyght of all the prynces proclamacion to dve therefore.
Sir T. More's Works, p. 701, col. 2.
And the Plateens and aduenturers which were wyth Demosthenes, Death's dreadful advent is the mark of man :
were the furst that came to sease and possesse the poorte and entred And every thought that misses it, is vain.
into it by the quartier, where as presently is sene a trophee or
victorie addressed & set vp.
Nicolls' Thucidides, fol. 111, col. 2.
Had they not been assisted from the gallies with an vnusuall kind
of engines, which did beat backe the Britaines (vnexpert of that Would creep into the bowels of the hills,
strange manner of assault) the Romans had not set foot on British And flee for safety to the falling rocks.
soile, neither durst they then aduenture it.
Speed's Hist. of Gr. Britain.
And sure this murth’red prince, though weak he was,
He was not ill ; nor yet so weak, but that
He show'd much martial valour in his place
Advent'ring oft his person for the state.
Daniel's Civil IVari, b. iii. feast of the nativity. It includes four weeks from St. It is a pleasure to stand upon the shore, and to see ships tost upon Andrew's day, or the Sunday before or after it. It the sea : a pleasure to stand in the window of a castle, and to see a was appointed to employ the thoughts on the Ad battle, and the adventures thereof below.
Bacon's Essay on Truth. ventus, or first coming of Christ in the flesh, and his
Then let the former age with this content her, second coming to judge the world. This is one of the
She brought the poets forth, but our's th' adventer.
Ben Jonson. Epigr. cxxxiii.
Great club-first [Alcides) though thy back and bones be sore
Still, with thy former labours, add one more,
Id. Voyage itself.
So these, the late
Heaven-banished host, lest desart utmost bell
Many a dark league, reduc'd in careful watch
Round their metropolis ; and now expecting
Each hour their great adventurer, from the search
Of foreign worlds.
Milton. Par. Lost, book x. rentry is sometimes found.
What will not one in captivity (as Sir Walter was) promise, to Now is he in be see with saile on mast vpsette.
regain his freedom ? who would not promise, not only mines, but
mountains of gold, for liberty? and 'tis pity such a knowing wellToward his lond þei drouh, to auenture his chance,
weigh'd knight had not had a better fortune ; for the Destiny (I With Normandes inouh, of Flandres & of France.
mean that brave ship which he built himself of that that R. Brunne, p. 70.
carry'd him thither) is like to prove a fatal destiny to liin, and to bo he com out ward with ys folk, þe emperour with stod, some of the rest of those gallant adventurers. And dredde of hys hardynesse, & pouzte yt was not god,
Fast by the oracle of God; I thence
Invoke thy aid to mine adventurous song,
That, with no middle flight, intends to soar
Above th' Aonian mount, while it pursues
Things unattempted yet in prose or rhime.
Milton. Par. Lost, b. i.
roaring diuell i'th olde play, that euerie one may payre his nayles But all I sette on aunture,
with a woodden dagger, and they are both hang'd, and so would And am, as who saith, out of cure.
this be, if hee durst stcale any thing aduenturously. Gower, Con, A, book iv.
Shakespeare's Henry V. act ii.