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arching roof, agree, that it must at some time fall. None can measure the progress of its interior decay. It may not be broken in ruin till centuries are passed and gone ; it may be, tomorrow. The slippery path, the precarious foot hold, the frail trust on the splinters, contribute nothing to the safety of the approach. Yet many are those who inscribe their names on the books wberein are recorded the numbers who pass beneath the cataract; and among them are written many of the fairest daughters of fashion, who gratify the curiosity inherited from the mother of our race, by the sacrifice of ease and comfort, and the exposure of life itself. L.

VARIETY. Spain and the South of France.—During the eight centuries that the Moors or Arabs occupied Spain, that was the best cultivated, the most fertile, and most agreeable country in Europe. The fields were watered by means of canals, and covered with all the known productions. Since the expulsion of the Moors, Spain has continually declined. The agricultural prosperity of Spain under the Arabs was the consequence of their knowledge and their religious toleration. Ignorance and bigotry have destroyed the benefits produced by their knowledge and wisdom. The same causes will always produce similar results. Let the system of irrigation, introduced by the Saracens, be adopted in the south of Francelet political religious toleration leave all consciences at rest-let education dissipate ignorance and bigotry—and the highest agricultural prosperity will follow.

Mulberry Trees.—The silk worm mulberry is one of the most useful trees in France. Languedoc and Provence are the most propitious to its culture ; in the other southern provinces of France, the storms from the Pyrerees are fatal to silk worms. The bark of the mulberry tree can be made into thread, paper, and silk. A gentleman of Lyons presented several samples of silk made from this bark to the Linnean Society of Paris.

The silk exported from Lombardy and Venice, in Italy, in seven years, amounted to 420,000,000 of livres; in the same number of years, (from 1811 to 1817) the exports from Mexico to Europe were only 379,000,000 of livres ; "a proof that the riches upon the surface of the earth are greater than those within its bowels.”

Heat.-The heat of the air on the Red Sea is above blood heat, even at night, and on the Gold Coast has been felt above 114° in the shade ; the natives themselves are obliged to decamp southward during the dreadful months of summer. In Lisbon, 98 is & common shade heat for months together; and a few years since it was for a long time 104, and even at 105. Africa is the bottest portion of the earth ; presenting the greatest mass of land, or rather sand, to be found under the equator.

A gentleman known for his habitual tardiness, was invited to join a party to Nahant; and appointed for that purpose to be at his friend's house, at an early hour in the morning. Contrary to all expectation he was the first on the ground; and bis friend in surprise at his punctuality, burst out in the following lucid apostrophe -So you've come first at last; you used to be behind before ; I suspect you get up early of late ; 'tis well you called in season, or you: would have found me within without."



CHRONOLOGICAL LIST of the principal officers of the U. S. Government, under thc Constitution.

PRESIDENTS. George Washington of Va.. 1789 | James Madison, of Va. . 1809 John Adams, of Mass. 1797 James Monroe, of Va.

1817 Thomas Jefferson, of Va. .... 1801 | John Quincy Adams, of Mass. . 1825

VICE PRESIDENTS. John Adams, of Mass.

1789 | Elbridge Gerry, of Mass. . . 1813 Thomas Jefferson, of Va.

1797 Died, Nov. 23, 1814. Aaron Burr, of N. Y. · 1801 Daniel D. Tompkins, of N. Y. . 1817 George Clinton, of N. Y.... 1805 John C. Calhoun, of S. C. ... 1825 Died, April 20, 1812.

SECRETARIES OF STATE. Thomas Jefferson, of Va.. 1789 | Robert Smith, of Md. . 1809 Edmund Randolph, of Va. 1794 James Monroe, of Va.. 1811 Timothy Pickering, of Penn. . 1795 John Quincy Adams, of Mass. . 1817 John Marshall, of Va. . 1800 Henry Clay, of Ky.

1825 James Madison, of Va. . 1801

SECRETARIES OF THE TREASURY. Alexander Hamilton, of N. Y. . 1789 | George W. Campbell, of Ten. . 1814 Oliver Wolco:t, of Conn.. 1795 Alexander J. Dallas, of Penn. . 1814 Samuel Dexter, of Mass. 1801 William H. Crawford, of Geo. . 1817 Albert Gallatin, of Penn. 1802 | Richard Rush, of Penn. 1825

SECRETARIES OF WAR. Henry Knox, of Mass. . 1789 | John Armstrong, of N. Y. . . . 1813 Timothy Pickering, of Penn. . 1795 William H. Crawford, of Geo. . 1814 James M'Henry, of Md. 1796 Isaac Shelby, of Ky...

1815 Samuel Dexter, of Mass. 1800 (Did not accept.) Roger Griswold, of Conn. 1801 John C. Calhoun, of S. C. 1817 Henry Dearborn, of Mass. i. 1801 James Barbour, of Va.

1825 William Eustis, of Mass, 1809

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George Cabot, of Mass. 1798 William Jones, of Pena.

1812 Benjamin Stoddart, of Md. ... 1798 | Benj.W. Crowninshield, of Mass. 1814 Robert Smith, of Md.

1802 Smith Thompson, of N. Y. 1818 Jacob Crowninshield, of Mass. . 1805 Samuel L. Southard, of N. J. . 1823 Paul Hamilton, of S. C. 1809

POST MASTERS GENERAL. Samuel Osgood, of Mass. . 1789 | Gideon Granger, of Ct. ... 1802 Timothy Pickering, of Penn. . 1791 Return J. Meigs, of Ohio 1814 Joseph Habersham, of Geo. 1795 | John M'Lean, of Ohio . 1823

CHIEF JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. John Jay, of N. Y. • 1789 John Jay, of N. Y.

1800 William Cushing, of Mass. . 1799 John Marshall, of Va.

1801 Oliver Ellsworth, of Ct. .

.. 1796

Edmund Randolph, of Va.... 1789 | John Breckenridge, of Ky.

1806 William Bradford, of Peon. 1794 Cæsar A. Rodney, of Del. 1807 Charles Lee, of Va.

1795 William Pinkney, of Md. 1811 Levi Lincola, of Mass. 1801 | Richard Rush, of l’eon. 1814 Robert Smith, of Md. 1805 William Wirt, of Va.


UNITED STATES. 1st Congress-First and second Sessions held at New York, the third at hiladelphia. Frederick A. Muhlenburg, of Pennsylvania,

1789 Congress-Held at Philadelphia. Jonathan Trumbull, of Connecticut,

1791 3d Congress-Held at Philadelphia. Frederick A. Muhlenburg, of Pennsylvania,

1793 4th Congress-Held at Philadelphia. Jonathan Dayton, of New Jersey,

1795 5th Congress-Held at Philadelphia. Jonathan Dayton, of New Jersey,

1797 6th Congress-First Session at Philadelphia, Second at Washington. Theodore Sedgewick, of Massachusetts,

1799 7th Congress-Held at Washington. Nathaniel Macon, of North Carolina,

1801 8th Congress-Nathaniel Macon, of North Carolina,

1803 9th Congress—Nathaniel Macon, of North Carolina,

1805 10th Congress-Joseph B. Varnum, of Massachusetts,

1807 11th Congress-Joseph B. Varnum, of Massachusette,

1800 12th Congress Henry Clay, of Kentucky,

1811 13th Congress-Henry Clay, of Kentucky,

1813 Until January 17th, 1814. Langdon Cheeves, of South Carolina, for the residue of the Congress. 14th Congress-Henry Clay, of Kentucky,

1815 15th Congress-Henry Clay, of Kentucky,

1817 16th Congress-Henry Clay, of Kentucky, during the first session, 1819 John W. Taylor, of New York, during the second session,

1820 17th Congress-Philip P. Barbour, of Virginia,

1822 18th Congress-Henry Clay, of Kentucky,

1823 19th Congress-John W. Taylor, of New York,

1825 This Department was not established until the 30th of April, 1798, being, prior to that date, a branch of the War Department.


1769 | John Treadwell Mathew Griswold

1784 Roger Griswold Samuel Huntingdon

1785 John Cotton Smith Oliver Wolcott

1796 | Oliver Wolcott Jonathan Trumbull


1811 1812 1817

Reminiscences.—During the encroachment of the Indians in 1754, a delegation from New Hampshire, (Atkinson ;) Massachusetts, (Hutchinson ;) Rhode Island, (Hopkins ;) Connecticut, (Pitkin ;) New York, (Smith ;) Pennsylvania, (Franklin ;) agreed upon a union, which took place July 4, 1755-neither of whom could have entertained an idea, that, 22 years hence, on the same day of the month, the then colonies would declare themselves independant of England, and that Hopkins and Franklin, who signed the union in 1754, should sign the Independence of 1776.

Gen. Lafayette.— The town of Briane, the birth-place of this philanthropist, has honored his retorn by a public celebration. Of all the testimonials which he has received of the regard of his fellow men on both sides of the Atlantic, this will not be the least welcome to him.


JANUARY, 1826. Worcester-Rev. Thomas R. Sullivan, and Miss Charlotte C. Blake. Holden-Mr. Oliver Blake, and Miss Laura Hubbard. Bolton-Mr. George H. Cunningham, and Miss Mary Ann Woodbury: Shrewsbury-Mr. Nathaniel Cole, and Miss Elizabeth Gardner. Leicester-Mr. Dwight Bisco, and Ruth Woodcock. Charlton-Mr. Ebenezer C. Mann, and Rebecca Fitts.



JANUARY, 1826. Worcester-Col. Moses N. Child-52. Grafton-14th-Mre. Mary Leland-68. Shrewsbury--Mr. Edward F. Drury,-31.

Charlton--Mrs. Lucy Stone-63.—Mrs. Freelove Jenckes—29.-Mary Rich-45.

Rutland-Charles Sydenham Clark--8 months.--Samuel Ball.
Lancaster-Timothy Whiting, Esq.

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