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appointed in the several counties to keep an account of the prices of said articles; there shall be other persons appointed in the room of such, by the General Assembly, or in their recess by the council of this state, and all such persons appointed for said purposes shall have such reasonable allowance for their services, as shall hereafter be detergined by the General Assembly.
In House of Representatives, Jan. 13, 1780. This bill having been read three several times, passed to be enacted.
JOAN Hancock, Speaker. In Council, Jan. 13, 1780. This bill having had two several readings, passed to be enacted.
JOAN AVERY, D. Secretary. Consented to by the major part of the Council. A true copy, Attest,
John AVERY, D. Secretary. The Court then gave the following additional instructions to their Committee, viz.
State of Massachusetts Bay. In the House of Representatives, Jan. 13, 1780. Resolved, that the following additional instructions be given to the Committee appointed to settle with the army, viz. that no officer is to be made good, in more than one capacity, and that those officers and soldiers, who shall appear to be inhabitants of this State, agreeable to the method proscribed by the resolution of Congress of the fifteenth of March last, ascertaining the state to which certaia officers and soldiers, who are in Hazen's and Sherburn's Regiments, are to be included in the settlement and reckoned as part of this State's quota.
All the small stores and cloathing which have been supplied the army by this State, to be taken into the account for the settlement with the army, in such manner as the committee shall think just and equitable.
The gratuity money paid by lottery, and the money advanced to the officers shall be charged to the respective accounts of the officers and soldiers, on the day they received it, in case it can be ascertained, if not, on the day their several warrants in the Treasury were dated, and in case any doubts and difficulties should arise in the minds of the committee, relative to the aforementioned settlement;
Resolved, That in such case they are hereby directed to apply to the Honorable Council, who are hereby empowered and direct
ed to give them such further instructions as they may think necessary.
Sent up for concurrence.
John HANCOCK, Speaker.
JOAN AVERY, D. Secretary.
JOHN AVERY, D. Secretary. The Committee from the line being informed of the foregoing resolve respecting the town bounties and private hires, and being convinced of the injustice which would be done the soldiers, and the uneasiness which would probably ensue, in consequence of that resolve, thought it their duty to draw up the following remonstrance against it, viz. : To the Honorable Council and House of Representatives of the
State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court assembled. May it please your honors
The Committee from the army finding that this Honorable Court, notwithstanding a former resolve, to the contrary, bave now determined, that town bounties and hires given to soldiers, shall be deducted, in the settlement of accounts, as part of their pay, beg leave to observe, that when they were first made acquainted with the instructions of the Honorable Court to their committee, it was with particular satisfaction, they found this court had so far coincided with the prevailing sentiments of the officers and soldiers of the army, as to relinquish the idea of deducting from the pay of the soldiery, those sums which were considered by the contracting parties, as a free gift to induce them to enter into the service of the public upon the faith of the monoply act.
The impolicy, not to say injustice of considering the bounties as part of the pay of the soldiers, may be easily perceived by adverting to the terms on which they enlisted, where it will be found that they engaged on condition of receiving all the bounties for which they contracted, in addition to their monthly pay, which pay was valued by the prices of the necessaries of life, as specified in the aforesaid act, and as no provision was made for its repeal, we would ask wbether if that act had continued in full force till the presenë time, this Court would ever have required those bouuties to be refunded from the monthly pay of the soldiers ? we conceive they would not; and as the balance which will be found due to the soldiers in the expected settlement, will no more than complete their monthly pay, according to that stapdard, and is only a conse
quence of the act not having been adhered to, it must then be equally inconsistent to deduct them under the present circumstances.
Another disagreeable consequence which will arise, should the present resolution be adhered to, and which will be wounding to the feelings of humanity, is the case of the unfortunate widows and orphans of those who have either died or fallen in the field, more especially in the year 1777, as the balance due on account of depreciation, will be insufficient to discharge those bounties, and the unhappy sufferers must be still further distressed, by being obliged to repay those very sums, which were given as an inducement to their husbands and parents, to risk their lives in the service of their country.
So very different are the ideas of the army from this, that they bave given it as their opinion fully in our instructions, that no bounties or hires ought by any means to be taken cognizance of in the settlement, and have further enjoined upon us to use our en-. deavors with the Honorable Court, that the situation of the above described widows and orphans, may be particularly attended to, and some compensation made them, in consequence of their misfor. tunes; we would therefore embrace this opportunity, to urge a request, which we conceive to be warranted by every principle of humanity and gratitude.
A compliance with the instructions given us by our constituents, as well as justice and equity, oblige us to trouble the Honorable Court thus far; and we would therefore solicit that the matter be again considered, not doubting should that be the case, that a decision will take place not only different from the present, but such as will be consonant to our wishes, and productive of the greatest good to the community at large. We have the honor to be, with the highest respect, your honors most obedient humble servants.
BENJAMIN HEYWOOD, This remonstrance being read iu Court, was referred over to the next session, then to be taken into serious consideration; imme.. diately after which the Court was adjourned to the 8th March.
TO BE CONTINUED.
THE TREASURES OF THE DEEP.
BY MRS. REMANS.
WHAT hid'st thou in thy treasure-caves and cells ?
We ask not such from thee.
Yet more, the Depths have more !--What wealth untold
Earth claims not these again!
Yet more, the Depths have more !—Thy waves have roll'&
Man yields them to decay!
Yet more! the Billows and the Depths have more !
Give back the true and brave!
Give back the lost and lovely!-those for whom
But all is not thine own!
To thee the love of woman hath gone down,
-Restore the Dead, thou Sea!
TORTURES OF THE INQUISITION. A SUBTERRANEAN vault, to which they descended by an infinity of windings, was the place appointed for the application of the torture. The profound silence which reigned in this chamber of torment, and the terrible appearance of the instruments of punishment, feebly seen by the vacillating light of two flambeaux, must necessarily bave filled the mind of the victim with a mortal terror. Scarcely had he arrived, before the inquisitors and executioners, who were clothed with long robes of sack cloth, and their heads with a hood of the same stuff, pierced with holes for the eyes, mouth and nose, seized and stripped him even to his shirt. Then the inquisitors, joining hypocrisy to cruelty, exhorted the victim to confess his crime; and if he persisted in denying it, they ordered that the torture should be applied in the manner, and for a length of time, which they deemed proper. The inquisitors never failed, in case of injury, death, or fracture of limbs, lo protest that the act was to be imputed to the accused alone.
There were three modes of making trial; the cord, fire, and water.
In the first case, they tied the hands behind the back of the patient, by means of a cord passed through a pulley attached to the roof, and the executioners raised him up as high as possible. After having left him some time thus suspended, they loosened the cord, so that the uofortunate prisoner fell suddenly within half a foot of the ground. This terrible jar dislocated all the joints; and the cord cut the wrists and entered often into the flesh, even to the very sinews. This punishment, which was renewed every hour, left the patient without power and without movement; but it was pot until after the physician of the Inquisition had declared that the sufferer could no longer support the torture without dying, that the inquisitors remanded him to prison. There they left him, till the moment that the holy office had prepared for him a torture stilli more horrible.
The second trial was made by means of water. The executioners stretched their victims in a wooden instrument of torture, in the form of a spout, fitted to receive the body of a man, without any other bottom than a stick which traversed it, and on which the body, falling backwards, was bent by the effect of the machinery, and took such a position that the feet were higher than the head. It resulted from this situation that respiration became very painful, and that the patient suffered the most dreadful agonies in all his