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me, and begged that I would immediately set off for Lexington,
where Messrs. Hancock and Adams were, and acquaint them of the
movement, and that it was thought they were the objects. When
I got to Dr. Warren's house, I found he had sent an express by land
to Lexington-a Mr. William Dawes. The Sunday before, by de-
sire of Dr. Warren, I had been to Lexington, to Messrs. Hancock
and Adams, who were at the Rev. Mr. Clark's. I returned at night
through Charlestown ; there I agreed with a Colonel Conant, and
some other gentlemen, that if the British went out hy water, we
would shew two lanterns in the north church steeple; and if by
land, one, as a signal; for we were apprehensive it would be diffi.
cult to cross the Charles River, or get over Boston neck. I left
Dr. Warren, called upon a friend, and desired him to make the sig-
nals. I then went home, took my boots and surtout, went to the
north part of the town, where I had kept a boat; two friends row-
ed me across Charles River, a little to the eastward where the
Somerset man of war lay. It was then young flood, the ship was
winding, and the moon was rising. They landed me on the Charles-
town side. When I got into town, I met Colonel Conapt, and sev.
eral others; they said they had seen our signals. I told them what
was acting, and went to get me a horse ; I got a horse of Deacon <
Larkin. While the horse was preparing, Richard Devens, Esq.
who was one of the Committee of Safety, came to me, and told me,
that he came down the road from Lexington, after sundown, that
evening.; that he met ten British officers, all well mounted, and
armed, going up the road.

I set off upon a very good horse ; it was then about 11 o'clock, and very pleasant. After I had passed Charlestown neck, and got nearly opposite where Mark was hung in chains, I saw two men op horseback, under a tree. When I got near them, I discovered they were British officers. One tried to get ahead of me, and the other to take me. I turned my horse very quick, and galloped towards Charlestown neck, and then pushed for the Medford road. The one who chased me, endeavoring to cut me off, got into a clay pond, near where the new tavern is now built. I got clear of him, and went through Medford, over the bridge, and up to Menotomy. In Medford, I awaked the Captain of the minute men; and after that, I alarmed almost every house, till I got to Lexington, I found Messrs. Hancock and Adams at the Rev. Mr. Clark's ; I told them my errand, and inquired for Mr. Dawes; they said be had not been there; I related the story of the two officers, and gupposed that

he must have been stopped, as he ought to have been there before me. After I had been there about half an hour, Mr. Dawes came; we refreshed ourselves, and set off for Concord, to secure the stores, &c. there. We were overtaken by a young Dr. Prescott, whom we found to be a high son of liberty. I told them of the ten officers that Mr. Devens met, and that it was probable we might be stopped before we got to Concord; for I supposed that after night, they divided themselves, and that two of them had fixed themselves in such passages as were most likely to stop any intelligence going to Concord. I likewise mentioned, that we had better alarm all the inhabitants till we got to Concord ; the young Doctor much approved of it, and said, he would stop with either of us, for the people between that and Concord knew him, and would give the more credit to what we said. We had got nearly half way; Mr. Dawes and the Doctor stopped to alarm the people of a house ; I was about one hundred rods ahead, when I saw two men, in nearly the same situation as those officers were, near Charlestown. I called for the Doctor and Mr. Dawes to come up; in an instant I was surrounded by four ;-they bad placed themselves in a straight road, that inclined each way; they had taken down a pair of bars on the north side of the road, and two of them were under a tree in the pasture. The Doctor being foremost, he came up ; and we tried to get past them; but they being armed with pistols and swords, they forced us into the pasture ;—the Doctor jumped his horse over a low stone wall, and got to Concord. I observed a wood at a small distance, and made for that. When I got there, out started six officers, on horseback, and ordered me to dismount; one of them, who appeared to have the command, examined me, where I came from, and what my name was? I told him. He asked me if I was an express? I answered in the affirmative. He demanded what time I left Boston ? I told him ; and added, that their troops had catched aground in passing the river, and that there would be five hundred Americans there in a short time, for I had alarmed the country all the way up. He immediately rode towards those who stopped us, when all five of them came down upon a full gallop; one of them, whom I afterwards found to be a Major Mitchell, of the 5th Regiment, clapped his pistol to my head, called me by name, and told me he was going to ask me some questions, and if I did not give him true answers, he would blow my brains out. He then asked me similar questions to those above. He then ordered me to mount my horse, after searching me for

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then ordered them to advance, and to lead me in front. leading me, and told him to give me to the Sergeant. As

got to the road, they turned down towards Lexington. had got about

one mile, the Major rode up to the officer he took me, the Major ordered him, if I attempted to run,

body insulted them, to blow my brains out. We rode til! we got near Lexington meeting house, when the militia fired a volJey of guns, which appeared to alarm them very much. The Major inquired of me how far it was to Cambridge, and if there were any other road? After some consultation, the Major rode up to the Sergeant, and asked if his horse was tired ? He answered him, he was—(He was a Sergeant of Grenadiers, and had a small horse) then, said he, take that man's horse. I dismounted, and the Ser. geant mounted my horse, when they all rode towards Lexington meeting house. I went across the burying ground, and some pastures, and came to the Rey. Mr. Clark's house, where I found Messrs. Hancock and Adams. I told them of my treatment, and they concluded to go from that house towards Woburn. I went with them, and a Mr. Lowell, who was a clerk to Mr. Hancock. When we got to the house where they intended to stop, Mr. Lowell and myself returned to Mr. Clark's, to find what was going on. When we got there, an elderly man came in ; he said he had just come from the tavern, that a man had come from Boston, who said there were no British troops coming. Mr. Lowell and myself went towards the tavern, when we met a man on a full gallop, who told us the troops were coming up the rocks. We afterwards met another who said they were close by. Mr. Lowell asked me to go to the tavern with him, to get a trunk of papers belonging to Mr. Hancock. We went up chamber; and while we were getting the trunk, we saw the British very dear, upon a full march. We burried towards Mr. Clark's house. In our way, we passed through the militia. There were about fifty. When we bad got about one hundred yards from the meeting house, the British troops appeared on both sides of the meeting house. la their front was an officer on horseback. They made a short halt; when I saw, and heard, a gun fired, which appeared to be a pistol. Then I could distinguish two guns, and then a continual roar of musquetry; when we made off with the trunk.

As I have mentioned Dr. Church, perhaps it might not be disagreeable to mention soine matters of my own knowledge, respect

He appeared to be a high son of liberty. He frequent

ing him.

ed all the places where they met, was encouraged by all the lead ers of the sons of liberty, and it appeared he was respected by them, though I knew that Dr. Warren had not the greatest affection for him. He was esteemed a very capable writer, especially in verse ; and as the whig party needed every strength, they feared, as well as courted him. Though it was known, that some of the liberty songs, which he composed, were parodized by him, in favor of the British, yet none dare charge him with it. I was a constant and critical observer of him, and I must say, that I never thought him a man of principle; and I doubted much in my own mind, whether he was a real whig. I knew that he kept company with a Capt. Price, a half pay British officer, and that he frequently dined with him, and Robinson, one of the Commissioners. I know that one of his intimate acquaintance asked bim why he was so often with Robinson and Price? His answer was, that he kept company with them on purpose to find out their plans. The day after the battle of Lexington, I met him in Cambridge, when he shewed me some blood on his stocking, which he said spirted on him from a man who was killed near him, as he was urging the militia on. I well remember, that I argued with myself, if a man will risque his life in a cause, he must be a friend to that cause; and I never suspected him after, till he was charged with being a traitor.

The same day I met Dr. Warren. He was president of the committee of safety. He engaged me as a messenger, to do the out of doors business for that committee; which gave me an opportunity of being frequently with them. The Friday evening alter, about sunset, I was sitting with some, or near all that commit. tee, in their room, which was at Mr. Hastings's house in Cambridge. Dr. Church, all at once, started up-Dr. Warren, said he, I am determined to go into Boston to-morrow-(it set them all a staring)— Dr. Warren replied, Are you serious, Dr. Church ? they will hang you if they catch you in Boston. He replied, I am serious, and am determined to go at ali adventures. After a considerable conversation, Dr. Warren said, If you are determined, let us make some business for you. They agreed that he should go to get medicine for their and our wounded officers. He went the next morning; and I think he came back on Sunday evening. After he had told the committee how things were, I took him aside, and inquired particularly how they treated him. He said, that as soon as he got to their lines, on Boston neck, they made him a prisoner, and carried him to General Gage, where he was examined, and then he

*vas sent to Gould's barracks, and was not suffered to go home but once. After he was taken up, for holding a correspondence with the British, I came across Deacon Caleb Davis ;-we entered into conversation about him;-- he told me, that the morning Church went into Boston, he (Davis) received a billet for General Gage (he thea did not know that Church was in town)—when be got to the General's house, he was told, the General could not be spoken with, that he was in private with a gentleman ; that he waited near half an hour, when General Gage and Dr. Church came out of a room, discoursing together, like persons who had been long acquainted. He appeared to be quite surprised at seeing Deacon Davis there ; that he (Church) went where he pleased while in Boston, only a Major Caine, one of Gage's Aids, went with him. I was told by another person, whom I could depend upon, that he saw Church go into General Gage's house, at the above time; that he got out of the chaise and went up the steps more like a man that was acquainted, than a prisoner.

Sometime after, perhaps a year or two, I fell in company with a gentleman who studied with Church; in discoursing about him, 1 related what I have mentioned above; he said, he did not doubt that he was in the interest of the British ; and that it was he who informed General Gage; that he knew for certain, that a short time before the battle of Lexington, (for he then lived with bim, and took care of his business and books) he had no money by him, and was much drove for money; that all at once, he had several hundred new British guineas; and that he thought at the time, where they came from.

Thus, Sir, I have endeavored to give you a short detail of some matters, of which perhaps no person but myself have documents, or knowledge. I have mentioned some names which you are acquainted with; I wish you would ask them, if they can remember the circumstance I allude to. I am, Sir, with every sentiment of esteem,

Your humble servant,


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