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proached silently, when the blaze of musketry flashed along the American line, and the assailants recoiled before the destructive fire. Rallied by the exertions of the officers, they again advanced, and were again driven back with terrible loss. A third time they renewed the attempt, but again, routed and broken, they were compelled to retreat. The second column advanced on the front : but there, the artillery, at every discharge, swept through their ranks ; they paused, and in dismay followed their companions. The third division, eight hundred strong, after a bold and equally ineffectual assault, retired in confusion. Drummond, unwilling thus to abandon bis undertaking, concentrated his troops for another onset. The darkness of the night, made more thick by the smoke of the battle, favored bis approach. Stealing silently along the ditch, on the eastern side, the scaling ladders were applied, and he mounted the parapet, shouting to his men to give no quarter. The sanguinary order was obeyed, and the bastion carried, after the slaughter of its defenders. Lieut. Macdonough, wounded, and faint with loss of blood, called for mercy; the sanguinary order was repeated; the spirit of the dying man revived, and seizing a handspike, he fought until the blood-thirsty officer shot him with his own pistol. The murder was soon avenged. After finishing this act of cool barbarity he received a ball in the breast and instantly expired. The enemies, notwithstanding the loss of their leader, maintained their position and repulsed the attempts to dislodge their forces. The reserve was preparing to move to their support, when suddenly, an explosion burst from the magazine beneath the battery where they stood, and the mangled bodies of the soldiers, blackened with smoke and scorched with flame, were seen, as they were thrown to a great height, and fell amid the masses of rock and timber, in the overwhelming ruin. Thus ended the tremendous encounter of that night. When the morning sun rose on the scene of slaughter, two hundred and twenty two of the assailants were stretched out on the field of death ; one hundred and seventy four were wounded ; and one hundred and eighty six remained as prisoners.
From this period, until the 17th of September, the siege was prosecuted with vigor. Daily recruits of militia and volunteers arrived to the support of the garrison, and Gen. Brown having recovered from his wounds resumed the command of the army. On that day, led on by Miller, Ripley, Davis and Porter, the forces made a sortie, one of those bold movements, decisive of the fate of war. The beleaguering corps were cut in pieces, their cannon de.
stroyed, their batteries blown up, their enlrenchments prostrated, and they soon after abandoned their position and retired to Fort George.
At the close of the campaign the fort was dismantled, and Ged. Brown retired across the river to his winter quarters.
The ramparts are now grass grown and the ditches choked with rank weeds. Along the breast work which guarded the shore of the lake, the road to the village of Erie now passes, and the defences which once sheltered our countrymen from the death shot are levelled, that the luxurious visitor may roll along over its smooth highway. The miserable huts of the emigrants are erected where the tents of an 'army were once reared. The wall, once lighted by the flash of musketry and shaken by the burst of canoon, now supports the roof of a stable. No watch fires blaze, and no sentinel paces bis weary round, within those lines where desolation reigns. The little hillocks and swelling turf on the plain around, which mark the resting places of almost four hundred brave soldiers gathered in the freshness of youth and the vigor of strength to the congregation of the silent, are fast diminishing in height as the plough sweeps over the field of sepulchres. Every where destroying time is busy. The scene presents an image of desolation. Yet it has a melancholy beauty particularly when viewed by the dim light of a summer moon, silvering wood and field, bastion and parapet, grave and mound, and brightening the surface of the lake whose waves roll and break on the shore with a mournful murmur.
Distant views of Jerusalem.- At length, while the sun was yet two hours high, my long and intensely interesting suspense was relieved. The view of the city burst upon me as in a moment; and the truly graphic language of the psalmist was verified, in a degree of wbich I could have formed no previous conception. Continually, the expressions were bursting from my lips, Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is Mount Zion!' Among the vast assemblage of domes which adorn the roofs of the convents, churches, and houses, and give to this forlorn city an air even of magnificence, none seemed more splendid than that which has usurped the place of Solomon's Temple. Not having my companion with me, I surveyed all in silence and rapture ; and the elegant proportions, the glittering, gilded crescent, and the beautiful
green blue color of the Mosque of Omar, were peculiarly attractive: A more soothing part of the scenery, was the lovely slope of the Mount of Olives on the left. As we drew nearer and nearer to "the city of the Great King,' more and more manifest were the proofs of the displeasure of that Great King resting upon His City. Like many other cities of the east, the distant view of Jerusalem is inexpressibly beautiful; but the distant view is all. On entering at the Damascus gate, meanness, and filth, and misery, not exceeded, if equalled, by any thing which I had before seen, soon told the tale of degradation. How is the fine gold become dim!'
John Bunyan's Indictment.--The bill of indictment preferred against John Bunyan ran thus :-“ Jobo Bunyan hath devlishly and perniciously abstained from coming to church to hear divine service, and is a common upholder of several unlawful meetings and conventicles, to the disturbance and distraction of the-good subjects of this kingdom, contrary to the laws of our sovereign, lord and king." He was convicted and imprisoned twelve years and sis: months.
Tobacco.-Tobacco was not known in Europe till after the discovery of America by the Spaniards, about 1520. The Americans of the continent called it Petun; those of the islands, Voli. The Spaniards, who gave it the name of tobacco, took it from Tabaco, a province of Yucatan, where they first found it and learned its use.
It is generally supposed that the first tobacco ever seen in England was brought from Virginia by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1585; but Camden, the historian, says, it was ioiroduced the next year by Mr. Ralph Lane, who came with Sir Francis Drake on his return from the expedition against the Spanish settlements.
Paine's Political Rise.He came to Philadelphia (says Dr. Rush) in the year 1774, with a short letter of introduction from Dr. Franklin to one of his friends. His design was to open a school for the instruction of young ladies, in several branches of knowledge, which at that time was seldom taught in the schools of our country. Mr. Aitkin employed him as the editor of his Magazine, with a salary of £25 currency a year. This work was well supported by bim. His song upon the death of General Wolfe, and his reflections upon the death of Lord Clive, gave it a sudden currency wbich few works of that kind have since had in our country. In the summer and autumn of 1776, he served as a volunteer in the American war, under General Washington. Whether he received pay and rations I cannot tell. He lived a good deal with the officers of the
first rank in the army, at whose tables his Common Sense' always made him a welcome guest. The legislature of Pennsylvania gave Mr. Paine £500 as an acknowledgment of the services he had rendered the United States by his publications.
Foraging.-In October, 1817, one of the constables of London, made a complaint before the magistrates, against a horse for stealing hay. The complainant stated, that the horse came regularly every night of its own accord, and without any attendant, to the coach staods in St. George's, fully satisfied his appetite, and then galloped away. He defied the whole of the parish officers to apprehend bim; for if they attempted to go near him while he was eating, he would throw up his heels and kick at them, or run at them; and if they did not go out of the way, he would bite them. The constable therefore thought it best to represent the case to the magistrates: when one of the magistrates replied, “Well, Mr. Constable, if you should be annoyed again by this animal in the execution of your duty, you may apprehend him if you can, and bring him before us to answer your complaints.”
Saladin died at Damascus soon after concluding a truce for three years, three months, three weeks, three days, and three hours, with the leaders of the third crusade, A. D. 1192. He was a Prince of great generosity and valor; and it is truly remarkable, that during his fatal illness, he ordered his winding sheet to be carried as a standard through every street of the city, while a crier went before the person who bore this ensign of mortality, and proclaimed with a loud voice, “ This is all that remains to the mighty Saladio, the conqueror of the East.” His last will is also remarkable. He ordered charities to be distributed to the poor, without distinction of Jew, Christian, or Mahometan, intending to inculcate by this legacy that all men are brethren, and that, when we would assist them, we ought not to enquire what they believe, but what they need; an admirable lesson to Christians, though from an Iofidel ! but the advantage of Science, of moderation and humanity, were at that time entirely on the side of the Saracens.
Dr. Hinchcliffe, who died Bishop of Petersborough, had much ready wit, and was extremely apt at checking those who were fond of cavilling in the different texts of scripture. On being asked one Jay what was to be understood by the expression, “He clothed himself with curses as with a raiment ?” 56 The clearest thing in the world (replied the doctor) the man bad a habit of swearing."
FINANCES OF THE UNITED STATES.
The receipts into the public treasury from all sources during the year 1824, amounted inclusive of a loan of five millions, to the sum of $24,381,212 79. The balance in the treasury on the 1st of January, 1824, was $9,463,922 81. The whole resources of the Government in that year amounted to the sum of $.33,8 15,135 60.
The actual expenditures for defraying the expenses of Goveroment, Domestic and Foreign, Civil, Military, and Naval, as well as for the payment of the interest and the reduction of the principal of the public debt, were $31,898,538 47, leaving a balance in the treasury, on the 1st of January 1825, of $1,946,597 13.
The receipts of the past year are not yet ascertained, but are estimated at $26,781,444 56, with the unexpended balance, making the aggregate of resources, $28,728,041 69. The expenditures of the nation, during 1825, are estimated at $23,443,979 91, leaving a balance on the 1st of January, 1826, of $5,284,061 78 in the purse of the nation.
The total amount of public funded debt due on the 1st of Oct. 1825, was $80,985,537 72.
DEATHS IN THE COUNTY OF WORCESTER,
IN DECEMBER—1825. For the purpose of furnishing a record for illustrating the events in our own County, we propose to furnish a list of the deaths occurring within its limits, in each month. We hope in future to present a list more complete and full.
Worcester-230-Mrs. Eliza T. Knox-41. 27th-Thomas Knowles—82. 20th-Benjamin Palmer Swett-21.
Southbridge-21st-Benjamin F. Shumway-33.
Oxford-9th-Mrs. Eunice Turner-75. 9th-Lieut. Jonas Eddy-78.
Millbury-14th-Mrs. Sally Mann--24.