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abundant acres acss afford agricultural population Alderney allotments amongst Arthur Young average Bailiff of Guernsey Belgium bushels capital cattle Channel Islands comfort commonly condition consequently corn cotes foncieres cottage crops cultivators day-labourer destitute divided eight acres employed employment enable Engadine England English equally estates expense farmers favour five acres Flemish France French furnish garden gavelkind Grisons ground Guernsey hired labour History of Guernsey houses husbandry idle improvement increase industry Inglis Ireland Irish Jersey large farms latter leasehold less live livelihood Macculloch manure means ment millions Mounier nearly obtain occupiers owners partition pauperism peasant proprietors peasant proprietorship peasantry perhaps persons poor portion possession potatoes poverty present prietors primitive Irish procure produce proportion rent respect rural says scarcely shillings small farms small properties small proprietors soil subsistence sufficient supply supposed Switzerland tenants tillage tion towns Tyrol wages waste lands wheat whole
Сторінка 21 - It is impossible to look at a field, a garden, a hedging, scarcely even a tree, a flower, or a vegetable, without perceiving proofs of the extreme care and industry that are bestowed upon the cultivation of the soil. If for example, a path leads through, or by the side of a field of grain, the corn is not, as in England, permitted to hang over the path, exposed to be pulled or trodden down by every...
Сторінка 20 - I met with, in a great variety of instances on little properties, was as bad as can well be conceived, yet the industry of the possessors was so conspicuous, and so meritorious, that no commendations would be too great for it. It was sufficient to prove, that property in land is, of all others, the most active instigator to severe and incessant labour.
Сторінка 78 - The Spaniards who came to England in Queen Mary's time wondered when they saw the large diet used by the inmates of the most homelylooking cottages. " The English," they said, " make their houses of sticks and dirt, but they fare as well as the king.
Сторінка 24 - ... insects, to top; many of them to mow and gather in successive crops. They have their water-meadows, of which kind almost all their meadows are, to flood, to mow, and reflood ; watercourses to reopen and to make anew : their early fruits to gather, to bring to market with their green crops of vegetables; their cattle, sheep, calves...
Сторінка 41 - A small proprietor, however, who knows every part of his little territory, who views it with all the affection which property, especially small property, naturally inspires, and who upon that account takes pleasure not only in cultivating but in adorning it, is generally of all improvers the most industrious, the most intelligent, and the most successful.
Сторінка 85 - ... bushels of corn and three quarters of potatoes. ... It need scarcely be said that a houseman, as a married labourer of this kind is called, is in a very comfortable situation ; in fact, he wants few if any of the comforts which his master possesses ; his house, though smaller, is as well built ; his food and dress are of the same materials. The peasant proprietors, like their servants, are satisfied with articles of home growth, and are little desirous of foreign luxuries. They build their own...
Сторінка 43 - ... part is theirs), and persevering in his business for a long course of years, died worth more than paid his debts, leaving his posterity to continue in nearly the same equal conflict between industry and want, in which the last predecessor, and a long line of predecessors before him, lived and died.
Сторінка 44 - Give a man the secure possession of a bleak rock, and he will turn it into a garden; give him a nine years' lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 38 - Britain, there being in the latter country only one cultivator to twenty-two acres of cultivated land, while in Jersey there is one to eleven : and in Guernsey one to seven acres. Yet the agriculture of these islands maintains, besides cultivators, nonagricultural populations, respectively, four and five times as dense as that of Britain.
Сторінка 14 - I saw several which had been sunk to the depth of forty feet. A channel from this fountain-head is then, with a very slight descent, bored in the direction in which it is to be conveyed, leaving apertures at regular distances, to afford light and air to those who are occasionally sent to keep it clean. In this manner water is frequently conducted from a distance of six or eight miles, and an unlimited supply is thus obtained.