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The Master of the Household, and Cofferer.
The Earle Marshall, Lod High Steward, Loa High Constable, all on Horseback.
Sergeants at Armes.
A Messe of Gruell was then presented to their Mats by Let for which his claime was allowed.
The first Cup of drinke was presented to his Maty on the behalfe of the Lod Allington in minority in a silver Cup guilt, for the Mannor of Wymondley, his claime being allowed, and the cup was his Fee.
[The Champion. in m.]
Towards the later end of the first course the Champion repaired to the Hall.
First the Knight Marshall cleared the way to the steps going up to the Throne.
Then entred The Trumpets.
Two Pages, the one carrying a Target of the Champions Armes, the other a lance upright.
A Herald in his Coat of Armes.
The Champion mounted on a goodly Horse in complete Armor being come within Westminster Hall dore was there received by the Earle Marshall and the Lord High Constable on Horseback in their Robes, their Coronets on, the first on the left the other on his right hand.
The Trumpets sounded thrice, and the Herald having called silence, sayd.
If any person of what degree soever, high or low, shall denye or gaine say Our Sovereigne Lord and Lady William the third and Mary, King and Queene of England, France, and Ireland, Defenders of the Fayth to be rightfull and undoubted King and Queen of the Imperiall Crowne of this Realme of England, or that they ought not to enjoy the Imperiall Crowne of the same. Here is their Champion who sayth, That he lyeth and is a false Traytor, being ready in person to combate with him, and in this Quarrell will adventure his life against him on what day soever he shalbe appointed.
Then the Champion threw doun his Gantlet, which having layne a little while the said Herald tooke it up, and delivered it to him againe.
From thence they advanced into the middle of the Hall, where the same Challenge was againe made in like manner.
Lastly they repaired to the bottom of the steps leading to the Throne, where the Herald did ascend the steps, and stayde about the middle of them, where he pronounced the Challenge in like manner, and the
1 Their Mats being set to dinner the Kings scepters and the Queenes were delivered to some Noblemen, who did beare them on their right and left hands.
The Swords were also borne on their Mats right hand towards the end of the Table. Added in margin and written vertically. In other margin a q for query.
Champion having received his Gantlet as before, made a low obeissance to their Maiestyes, and a silver Cup guilt being filled with wyne was brought by the Cupbearer to their Maiestyes, they drinke to the Champion, and the same Cup and wyne being delivered to the Champion, he there drinks the wyne makes a low obeissance to their Mats and returnes, in the same manner as he came into the Hall dore, carrying the Cup in his hand as his Fee.
(Largesse. in m.]
The Hall was then cleered againe as before, and Garter Principall King of Armes followed by the other Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants, with his Coronet on his head repaired to the lower end of the Hall, where they made their obeissances to their Maiestyes, from thence they advanced to the middle of the Hall, where they did the like, then proceeded to the foote of the steps, where they againe did the same, then they ascended the said steps leading to the Throne where Garter repairing to the middle of the Table (the other officers of Armes being behind him, made their reverences to their Mats and there Garter having ithrice cryed Largesse, proclaimed their Mats style in the [p. 122. words following.
Serenissimorum, Potentissimorum, et Excellentissimorum Monarcharum Gulielmi tertij, et Mariae, Dei gratia, Regis et Reginae, Angliae, Franciae, et Hiberniae, Fidei Defensorum.
Du Treshaut, Trespuissant, et Tres Excellent Monarques Guiliaume tierce et Marie, par la grace de Dieu, Roy et Reine D'Angleterre, France, et Irelande Defenseurs de la Foy.
Of the most High, most Mighty, and most Excellent Monarques William the third, and Mary, by the grace of God, King and Queene of England, France, and Ireland, Defenders of the Fayth.
Then the other Officers cryed Largesse thrice made their obeissances to their Mats retyred going backwards, their faces towards the Throne.
From thence they retired in the same posture to the middle of the Hall where Garter proclaimed againe their Mats style, and Largesse was also cryed as before.
Lastly they did in like manner at the lower end of the Hall, and repaired to their Table provided for them.
This being done the second course was carryed up to their Mats Table, and same solemnity should have bene observed as was at the first, but was omitted for want of tyme, it growing late.
Then William Rider Esq" in pursuance of his claime allowed for the Mannor of Bilsington presented their Maiestys with three Maple Cups.
Lastly the Lord Maior of London attended by the Aldermen, Sheriffs, and the twelve Citizens in pursuance of their claime allowed to be assistant to the Duke of Norfolke Cheife Butler of England presented to their Mats a Cup and Cover of gold and wyne in it, who having dranke a little thereof, gaue the said Cup and Cover to the Lord Maior, who carried it away as his Fee.
Their Mats having dined, the Basin and Ewer with water was brought to their Maiestyes by the Lord Great Chamberlain, who having washed as before dinner, they received their scepters, and the Regalia and swords being carried before them they retyred into the Court of Wards, where parte of the Regalia are delivered to the Deane of Westminster to be preserved in that Cathedrall, and the rest were coñitted to the custody of the Master of the Jewell House, and from thence their Mats departed privatly to Whitehall.
If there be any thing in the aforesaid Ceremoniall omitted, or not performed according to former Presedents, the Officers of Armes are not to be blamed, since the Lords of the Comittee for the Coronation conferred with Mr. Negus Secretary to his Grace the Duke of Norfolke Earle Marshall of England, and very little with them, the said Mr. Negus pretending they were to receive their Orders from the Earle Marshall, whereas at other Coronations, they constantly attended the Lods of the Coñittee till all matters relating to the Coronation were settled and approved before the day of the solemnity; and at the Coronation of King James the second there was an Order made by the King in Councell the 18th day of March 1685, a skeme being then presented to his Maty. for the Proceeding to the Coronation, to the effect following, vizt.
Whereas there was a skeme for the proceeding to the Coronation presented to the King by the Officers of Armes, but the Prayers used at the Coronation of King Charles the second in Westminster (p. 123. Abbey being not at large expressed, his Maty, ordered the Officers of Armes to attend his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury thereupon, and to haue them all set doune at large, that in all particulars the Ceremoniall of the Arch Bishop and that of the Officers of Armes, as to the service and Ceremony to be performed in the Abbey might agree; which being done, and presented by the Archbishop to the King, it was approved : but nothing of this nature was done at this Coronation, which gave the Officers of Armes very much trouble.
i This statement may explain the considerable variation that there is between the account of the service in the Abbey church given in this appendix and that given in the text of this volume. The heralds give the number and order of the places. anointed just as in James II. The delivery of the regalia also is as in James II., and the second oblation is spoken of as taking place immediately after the delivery of the sceptres (p. 104.), which is a peculiarity of James II.'s order, instead of at the offertory in the communion service, which is its usual place. The delivery of the Bible to the sovereigns, a new ceremony of William and Mary's order, is not properly described. The Bible is spoken of as one of the regalia carried in the procession (p. 95 and 97.) but the delivery is spoken of in dubious fashion after Sta et retine (p. 105. note) which is not in accordance with the text (p. 27.) where the Bible was delivered immediately after the sovereigns were crowned. A query is also put against the administration of communion (p. 106.). All these variations would agree with the theory that the heralds did not receive full instructions as to the church ceremonial.
PROCESSION BEFORE THE CORONATION OF KING WILLIAM AND
(Extracts from Additional MS. 34,250 in the British Museum, a collection of heraldic tracts. The pages printed below were written probably soon after the coronation. The leaves are in some confusion, which has most likely existed since the pages were written. They are now printed in their proper order.
It will be noticed that details are given which are not in Appendix VIII. and that in some cases the details differ from those in that Appendix. This document appears to have been drawn up before it was known that the Archbishop of Canterbury would take no part in the ceremony, but after it had been determined to carry a Bible among the regalia.]
/The bringing of the Regalia from Westm". Abby to Westm". [fo. 756 Hall.
Sergeants of the Vestry
The Chairef of Westñ.
The Scepter with the Crosse
Ivory Rod with the Dove Being entred the Hall (after the King and Queen are seated) they make three Reverences one Att the lower/ end 2: in the Middle (fo. 76 of the Hall the Choires and Officers of Armes fall off on either side makeing a lane for the Prebends to passe with the Regalia and comeing to the stepp Garter goeing upp before them and approaching near the Table they there make their 30 Reverence
Then the Dean presents the Crown, which by the High Constable and great Chamberlain is sett on so is each of the Regalia by the Prebends that brought them and by the said Lords sett on the Table which done they retire to their place in the proceeding
Sr Gilbert Talbot Mr of the Jewell house had brought into the Hall before the Prebends came in, The sword of State within a Rich Scabbard and Hangers Curtana and the 2 other swords and presented them to the Lord High Constable who delivered them to the Lord great Chamberlain who having drawn the three last laid them on the Table before the King then he presented the Goulden spurrs (as before) who laid them on the Table.
Then the Lord Great Chamberlain presenting ye Regalia severally to the King his Matie disposes them to the Noblemen appointed to carry the same, the proceeding begins." /The proceeding to the Coronation
[fo. 766 The Deanes Beedle of Westm”. The High Constable of Westm" in a scarlett Cloak A Fife in a Rich Livory of Scarlett Cloth 4: Drums in Rich Livoreys of Scarlett Cloth Drum Major in a Fine scarlett Cloth Coat richly laced 8 : Trumpetts in Rich Liveries of Crimson velvett The Kettle Drum in the like Livory 8: Trumpetts more in the like Livory The Sergeant Trumpett with his mace and Collar of SS.
The six Clarkes in Chancery in Gowns of Black flowered sattin with Black silk Loops and Tuffs
14: Chaplins haveing dignities in their Scarlett habits as Doctors
21 : Aldermen of London in their scarlett gowns (besides the Recordr who went as one of the Kings Serjts)
10: Masters of the Chancery in black figur'd silk gowns 5: The Kings Sergeants att law in their scarlett gowns 5. absent The Kings Sollicitr and Attorney generall in gowns of black Velvett | The Kings two Antient Serjeants in Scarlett gowns [fo. 77 Esqrs of the Body (here Knts of the Bath if any)
27 Gent of the Privy Chamber (2 represented the Dukes of Norm : and Aquitaine and 3 absent)
Barons of the Exchequer and Justices of both Benches in their Judges Robes of Scarlett
L: C: Baron L: C: Justice of the Common Pleas in their Judges Robes of Scarlett
M" of the Rolls and the Lord Cheif Justice of the Kings Bench in his Scarlett Robes
The Serjt of the Vestry and Serjeant Porter in Scarlett Robes 2
1 This word added in other hand.
2 Thus it would seem to be suggested that the Sergeant of the Vestry and Sergeant Porter should walk after the children of the choir, as they did in King James II.'s coronation. (See Sandford p. 69.)