The Roots of Violence: A History of War in Chad
Routledge, 11 жовт. 2005 р. - 202 стор.
Examining conflict and warfare in Chad from both historic and contemporary perspectives, Mario Azevedo explores not only how violence has permeated and become almost an intrinsic part of the fabric of the central-eastern Sudanic societies, but how foreign interference from centuries ago to the present-day have exacerbated rather than suppressed the violence. Although the main objective of the volume is to understand present Chad, it provides comprehensive and analytical discussion of Chad's violent past. This strategy goes beyond putting the blame on the unwise and ethnic policies at Francois Tombalbaye or Felix Malloum; instead, Roots of Violence clarifies the role of violence in both pre- and post-colonial Chad and, thus, demythologizes many of the assumptions held by scholars and non-scholars alike.
Chapter ONE Environment and Society
Chapter TWO Chads Centralized Societies and the Use of Organized Violence
Chapter THREE The Army as an Instrument of Organized Violence in Central Sudan
Chapter FOUR The Role of Violence During the Colonial Era
Chapter FIVE Independence and Civil War in Chad
Chapter SIX The Nature and Use of Violence in PostColonial Chad
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Abéché acephalous societies administration Aouzou Strip Arabs Armed Forces army assistance attempted Azevedo Bagirmi battle became Borkou Bornu Buijtenhuijs camel Cameroon capital cavalry Central Africa Central Sudan century Chad’s Chadian chapter Chari River chiefs civil Colonel Kadhafi conflict conquest Cordell country’s Darfur Deby Decalo defense enemy enslaved ethnic groups example factions Faya-Largeau fighting firearms former France France’s François Tombalbaye French troops FROLINAT guerrilla Gukuni GUNT Habre Habre’s horses Islamic Kamougue Kanem Kano Kano Accords killed Koumra Kuti Lake Chad leaders Lemarchand Libyan Logone major Malloum mbang military Mitterrand Muslim N’Djamena National neighboring Niger Nigerian Northern Chad notes officers organized Ouadi-Doum particularly percent political population pre-colonial Prefecture president Rabah rebels recruitment region reportedly result Reyna Sanussiya Sara scholars slave raids soldiers southern sultan Tchadiennes territory Thompson and Adloff Tibesti Tombalbaye trade traditional Tubu Tunisi villages violence Wadai Wadaian warfare warlords weapons