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metropolis ; ibid;-its ravages in 1361, and preventions employed
on that occasion; 79 ;-its re-appearance in 1604; 168.
Printing, art of, when introduced into England, and by whom; 104;
-title of the first book printed; ibid, n.
Procession by water on lord mayor's day, its commencement; 101.
Provisions, price of, in the reign of Henry II. 63;—in that of king
John ; 67;--their remarkable cheapness in the reign of Edward I.
75, n.-their value in the reign of Henry VIII 120;—first regulated
by act of parliament, and the prices enumerated; 132. -Dearth of
provisions and their high price induce the lord mayor and com-
inon council to pass an act restraining the luxury of civic feasts;
134.--Price of poultry in the reign of queen Elizabeth ; 145.–Nuinber
of cattle killed in 1767 for the use of the metropolis; 570.
Ransom of Richard I. great sum contributed by London towards
that purpose--a strong proof of her opulence in that prince's reign ; 64.
Romans (according to Hearn, the antiquary) first landed at Dover,
from thence proceeded by easy journies towards London; 10 ;-were
the first who used stone and brick, tiles and slates, in the formation
of their buildings; they also introduced the use of chimnies ; 12.
they are attacked by queen Boadicea, and defeated; 31.
Royal Academy of Arts instituted by the king's authority ; 583.
Royal Exchange built; 142 ;-consumed in the great fire ; 232.-Sir
Christopher Wren's plan for rebuilding the same; 246, 250.
Royal Society, its institution and object; 191.
Sadler's company, supposed to be one of the most ancient guilds; 68.
Saunders, Sir Edmund, anecdotes of bim : 269, n.
Savoy hospital founded ; 68.
Secker, Dr. archbishop of Canterbury, his death and will; 578.
Sedan chairs, when first used; 175;-grant to sir Sanders Duncoinlə
of the emoluments to be derived from them, for a certain number
of years; ibid ;-their number in 1719; 320.
Sessions house, Clerkenwell, its erection ; 626.
Sheriis, the creation of their office; 45, 1.-singular custom observed
when they are sworn in; 68, 1.-present mode of electing them esta-
blished; 104 ;-when'first empowered to empapnel jurors for the city
courts; 114.–The ancient form of nominating them described, its
singularity; 150.-Act of the common council of London, altering the
mode of their election ; 412.
Ships of war, when first built; 45, n.-their great increase in size and
metal in the year 1608; 171.
Sion college founded ; 81.
Small-pos hospital, its institution; 400.
Smithtield, East, formerly a vineyard; 32;
West, the place for public executions; 59 ;-period when first
Society of Antiquaries, its incorporation ; 426.
Artists of Great Britain incorporated; 516.
for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, Commerce, &c.
its establishment; 431.
Somerset House, its erection; the inauspicious circumstances attending
it; and the illicit means employed to complete it; 126.
Southwark, borough of, grant of it to the city of London ; 129 ;--form of
the instrument confirming the same ; 130 ;-rights and privileges of the
city over the borough; 131.
St. Giles's in the Fields, Hospital of, singular custom observed at it in the
reign of Henry I. 60, n.
St. James's palace, (originally an hospital for lepers), erected; 75.
St. Lukes hospital, for incurables, its erection; 423, n.
St. Paul's cathedral destroyed by fire, A.D. 961 ;-re-edified by bishop
Maurice; 58 ;-again destroyed in the great fire of London, A. D.
1666; 222 ;—but afterwards rebuilt by sir Christopher Wren in its
present form ; 245.-Grand procession to this cathedral in 1789, by
the king, queen, and the royal family, the members of both houses
of parliament, and the municipal bodies of the metropolis, on the re-
covery of his majesty's health; 642.--Another grand procession to re-
turn thanks for the three great victories obtained over the French by
lords Howe, St. Vincent, and Duncan (A. D. 1797); 647.
St. Stephen's chapel built; 81.
St. Thomas's hospital, account of; 132.
Streets of London, partial paveinent thereof; 112;—more general pave-
ment; 171.--(see London.)
Surgery, wretched state of, at the commencement of Henry the Eighth's
reign; 113 ;- ludicrous description of the surgeons attending the arinies
of that prince in his campaigns; ibid, n.
Swift, dean, ludicrous anecdote of him; 322, n.
Thames, river, frozen over, booths erected, and converted to a fair ; 35%,
-the same occurrence in 1739; 387 ;--and again in 1767 ; 569.
Tithes, their first establishment;–102.
Tobacco, its introduction into England; 151.
Towns, British, anciently not places of general residence, but of refuge;
10 ;-formerly, planted in the centre of woods; ibid.
Tower, formerly a Roman fort, containing a mint and treasury; 34;-
much enlarged by William I. 58 ;-further enlarged by William II.
ibid;-encompassed by a wall and ditch in the reigu of Richard I. 64, n.
Turnpike roads, first mention of them; 77.
Union of Scotland with England; 318.
Vines, first planted by the Romans ;-32.–Vineyards in East Siniti-
field, Hatton-garden, and St. Giles's in the Fields ; ibid.
Wall of London, first built by the empress Helena, mother of Constantine
the Great; 15;~its subsequent boundaries described ; 36.
Wards, when first mentioned, 45, n ;~-their extent, population, and opu-
lence in the reign of Edward NII. 76; n.
Watch, for the protection of the city, first permanent one established;
Westminster Abbey founded by Henry III. 68.
Westininster Bridge, its projection, and means employed for its erection ;
381;-its completion; 332.
Westminster Hall founded by William Rufus, who re-builds London
bridge; 58 ;—the former re-built in its present form by Richard II.
89, n.-the grand entertainment given there by that prince; ibid.
Whigs and Tories, explanation of the terins, and their distinction
Whittington, sir Richard, lord mayor of London, account of ; 93, n.--
vulgar story of his cat refuted ; ibid ;-lays the foundation of many pub-
lic buildings; 93.
Wild beasts, menagerie of, Henry the First's the expence of keeping
them; 76, n.
Windows, formerly furnished with lattices of wood, or sheets of linen,
12.-provincially pronounced Windor, or Wind-door, from the Welch,
Uynt Dor, signifying the passage for the wind ; ibid.
Wine trade supposed to have commenced at the Conquest; afterwards
much augmented by Henry II. 58, n.
Wilkes, Jolin, Esq. his apprehension for an inflammatory libel ; 526;-he
is committed to the Tower ;--;27 ;--tried and acquitted; ibid;-
commences an action against the under secretary of state for seizing
his papers, and obtains a verdict with 10001. damages, and full costs
of suit; 528.-Spirited speech of the lord chief justice Pratt on that
occasion; ibid.-On the dissolution of parliament in 1768, Mr. Wilkes
sets up as canditate to represent the city of London; 573 ;-is re-
jected; 574 ;-but returned for Middlesex; ibid. -Riots in con-
sequence; ibid.—On the meeting of parliament, the populace pro-
ceed to the king's Bench prison (where Mr. Wilkes was then con-
tined) in order to convey their favourite in triumph to the senate;
575.—Some justices of the peace arrive with a party of Scotch sol-
diers, read the riot act, and order the soldiers to fire on the people;
576.- Long expected cause between Mr. Wilkes and the earl of
Halifax tried in the court of Common Pleas; 586;—and deterinined
in favour of the former ; 387.--On the apprehension of the printers of
certain newspapers for detailing the debates in parliament, they are
brought up before Mr. Wilkes, then sitting magistrate at Guildhall,
who discharges them, and binds them over to prosecute the persons
who arrested them; 598, n.-Court of common council vote Mr.
Wilkes a silver cup of the value of 1001, as a mark of gratitude for
his upright conduct on this occasion ; 601, n.-Humane conduct of
Dir. Wilhes while sheriff of London, with respect to the prisoners in New-
gate; 602.—Court of aldermen, on the expiration of Mr. Wilkes's
mayoralty, yote him their thanks and a sum of money for his wise,
upright, and impartial administration of justice; 011.-On the
death of sir S. T. Jansen, chamberlain of London, Mr. Wilkes
stands candidate for that office; 012;-addresses the livery; 013 ;-but
is disappointed in his wishes; ibid. --His ultimate success at a future
period with respect to that office, seemingly the darling object of his
ambition ; 620.
Year, its commencement regulated and established according to the
Gregorian computation; 425.
York, in the time of the Saxons, a greater city than London, of which
it look the precedence; 43;---population in 1000, 5+;
Young, his poetic description of London; +.