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Gregory, Pope, converts the English to christianity; 42.
Gregorian calendar, its adoption in England; 425.
Gresham, Sir Richard, lord mayor of London, presents a petition to
Henry VIII. in behalf of the city hospitals; its singular form; 122.
Guildhali erected, A. D. 1411, 91; enlarged by the famous sir
Richard Whittington, lord mayor of London ; 93 ;—first madeuse of in
1503; for the accommodation of the city magistrates and their company
on public festivals; 111,
Hackney coaches, when first used; 175;-their number in 1661; 190;-
in 1712; 326.
Hanseatic merchants, their incorporation ; 128.
Hatton garden, formerly a vineyard ; 32.
Hewett, sir William, lord mayor of London, anecdote of; 140.
Hicks's hall, its erection ; 170.
Insurrection, by Wat Tyler in 1380; 82 ;-its rise and progress: 83;
death of Wat Tyler, the principal leader; 85;--the king complies with
the demands of the insurgents, and they disperse; ibid. Violent com-
motion in the metropolis, the consequence of two intlammatory sermons
preached by Dr. Sacheverel against the sectaries; 319 ; - Dr. S. is
tried and found guilty; 321.-Riots in 1780; 027;--(see London.)
Intrenchment, Roman, description of; 12, n.
Kilmarnock, lord, executed for rebellion in 1746; 401.
King's meuse (Charing cross) first mention thereof, 90, n.-- is burnt in
1534, rebuilt; ibid;—and in 1732 receives its present form; ibid.
Leaden pipes first made use of to convey water to the city
London-denominated by Cæsar, the chief city of the Trinobantes ; by
other writers, Londinium, (so called, from its situation), Augusta (from
its magnificence), &c.; p. 1.-Illustrious for its commerce; 11;
first regularly walled by the empress Helena; 15;-its subsequent
boundaries described; 36.-Deseription of London in 1714, by Hearn,
the antiquary; 16;-had at first but three gates, viz. Aldgate, or
Oldgate; Aldersgate; and Ledgate, or Ludgate; 29.-London be-
sieged by queen Boadicea, and burnt; 31.-Comparison between Lon-
dou and Rome; 38;-reference claimed by the former; 41.-Young's
poetic description of it; 42.--Account of London during the domi-
nion of the Saxons and Danes, ibid. --- London plundered and burnt
by the Danes in 852; 44 ;-London again consumed by fire in 893 ;
45;-and again in the reign of Ethelred II. 47.-Charters granted to
London by William, duke of Normandy; the nature of them ex-
plained ; 56.- London bridge rebuilt, and Westminster hall erected;
58.-Great improvement of the metropolis under Henry I. 60;-
but partly consumed by fire in the following reign, and nearly a victim
to famine; 62.-London bridge first built of stone; ibid ;-Value of
commodities at this time; 63.-Title of mayor first given to the chief
magistrate; ibid;- citizens obtain the privilege of choosing their
mayor, who had hitherto exercised his authority by royal appointment
65; title of Lord conferred on that magistrate ; 78.-Henry Picard,
a citizen of London, entertains four kings; 80.—Sir Richard Whit-
tington, lord mayor of London, erects many public buildings; 92;-
the vulgar story of his cat refuted; 93, n.—Henry VIII. grants a fresh
charter to the citizens; 111.-Suburbs of the city described ; 118-
The streets first paved in the reign of Henry VIII. and several con-
duits built; 121.-City of London obtains a charter, granting it the
jurisdiction over the borough of Southwark; 129.-Price of provisions
in the London markets regulated by act of parliament; 132 ;-
their value at this period ;133.--First establishment of the city watch;
- 143.–Streets began to be generally paved; 171.-Charles I. and
the royal family are most magnificently entertained by the gentle-
men of the inns of court; 178.—Persecuting decrees of the Star
Chamber against the Londoners, and the little attention paid to them ;
182.-Resistance of the citizens to the arbitrary measures of the court;
ibid.—Specimen of the manners of the Londoners, and of the dirty
state of the metropolis; 186, 190.-Charter of confirmation granted
to the city by Charles II. 191.--Account of the extent, population, &c.
of the city up to this period; 218.-Dreadful pestilence in 1665.
.220 ;--A conflagration in the following year, (called the Great Fire of
London) desolates the metropolis ; ibid ;-Privy council's long sittings
to ascertain the origin of the fire; ibid. ---Damage sustained by the
company of stationers ;233.-Criminal adherence of some gentlemen
of the Temple to the letter of the law, during this calamity, to the
injury of their neighbours ; 235.— Total amount of the buildings
burnt ; 236.---Royal proclamation establishing rules to be observed in
building the new city; 237.-Sir Christopher Wren appointed sur-
veyor-general and principal architect for rebuilding the city; 245,-
Plans and schemes projected on the occasion; 248 to 258.-Orders and
regulations for the better government of the city; 258 to 268.—The
king infringes on the charters of the city; 209;--their subsequent de-
grading petition to the king; 272 ;-his compliance with it on hu-
miliating conditions to the citizens; ibid.-Commitment of the bishops
to the Tower; 282.- William III. crowned king; 291;—who confirms to
the citizens their rights and privileges; 292.-Copy of the charter of
confirmation (which is its form at the present day;) 293.-Shameful
venalty discovered in the conduct of the city business ; 306.-Acts
of commou council and of parliament for the better regulation of the
city and its trade, 311 to 314.- Act of common council for the iin-
provement of the city watch; 317.--Act of the legislature for building
50 new churches in and near the metropolis ; 395 ; sad perversion of
part of the money voted for that purpose; ibid.--Entrance of George I.
and his son into London; 329;--Lord mayor, aldermen, and
cominon council present an address to hiin; ibid; answer of his ma-
jesty ; 330;-The Lord mayor entertains the king, royal family, and
several of the nobility; ibid. -A tire breaks out in 1710, and consumes
200 houses; 336;—and another, of smaller magaitude in 1717 ;
337..-Corporate bodies of London, appropriate the city monies to
improper purposes, and are reprehended by the parliament; 338.-
City experiences a stagnation of trade, to the ruin of many families,
in consequence of the South Sea Bubble which took place in 1720 ;
339.--A turbulent election for lord inayor in 1722 induces the
legislature to order a bill to be brought in for regulating city elec-
tions; 350.--Form of a freeman's oath as established by that act;
351, 11.-The citizens petition against the bill; 352 ;--and state their
grievances; 353.-The bill is passed into a law; 354,-Keepers of the
city prisons examined with respect to their conduct in the discharge of
their duty, their punishment ; 361.-Six Indian chiefs or kings of the
Cherokee nation visit the metropolis ; 363.-Salutary regulations re-
specting watermen enacted; ibid.-Citizens petition to parliament to
permit them to fill up Fleet ditch; ibid.—Peculiar privilege enjoyed
by the city of London with respect to the presentations of petitions to
parliament; ibid, n.--Inhabitants of Blackfriars claim a privilege of
exemption from the jurisdiction of the city of London ; 372 ;-- which
is tried at Guildhall, and the inhabitants non-suited; 373.-Acts
of parliament for the better lighting of London and its vicinity; 374,
375;--supposed number of lamps at this period ; 375.--Act of parlia-
ment against the sale of spirituous liquors in less quantity than two gallons
without license; 377.-- Another, for limiting the number of play-
houses, for subjecting all the writings for the stage to the inspection
of the lord chamberlain, and for compelling authors to take out a
license for the same ; ibid. Further improvement of the city watch;
378.-Westminster bridge erected ; 381;—and also the Mansion-
House ; 382.-Foundling hospital erected ; 383. (See Foundling Hos-
pital.) - Royal charter to the city of London, empowering the whole
court of aldermen to act as justices of the peace ; 388.-Interesting
cause respecting livery-men tried in the Common Pleas; 391.-Act of
Jord mayor and court of aldermen limiting the keeping of Bartholomew
fair to three days; 399:-Street robberies so numerous at this period as
to be the occasion of an address to his majesty ; 394.--Small-pox
inoculation hospital founded; 400.-Dreadful fire in 1748; 412.
--Act of common council, altering the mode of electing city
magistrates; ibid.-Riot at the little theatre in the Ilaymarket, in
consequence of the non-appearance of the Bottle Conjuror ; 417.-
Peculiar privileges of the city of London with respect to toll coj-
tested and ascertained; 419.--Interesting cause in the lord mayor's
court between the masters and journeymen of the city; 421.--Shocköfan
earthquake in 1751, with its effects ; 424.--Act of parliament for the
improvement of the roads in the vicinity of London, and the borough
of Southwark; 425.---Ludicrous trial of a poulterer for exercising
his trade, not having served an apprenticeship thereto; 427.-Sir
Hans Sloane's collection of curiosities, &c. purchased by parliament,
428.--Recital of the various beneficial acts of the
the city; 437.-Act passed for building Blackfriars bridge, and permit
ting a to!l to be taken on the same; 438, 443.—Marine Society founded;
439.--Citizens of London petition parliament for an act to vest them
with the controul of the river Thames and its fishery; ibid, --granted;
440.- London bridge burnt down, 441;-grant of 15,0001. from par-
liament to rebuild the same;--statement of the expence, &c. attending
its erection ; 443.-Citizens of London petition parliament for a further
improvement of their city, and obtain an act for that purpose; 447.
--First stone of Blackfriars' bridge laid, 456.---Cock-lane Ghost, full ac-
count of it, 515 to 519.--Act passed for the regulation of the fishery, and
for the better supply of the metropolis with its produce; 519.--Public
entry of the Venetian ambassadors into London; 524.-- Apprehension
of John Wilkes, Esq. for a supposed libel; 526, 1.--his trial and ac-
quittal; 528, 1.-Acts of parliament passed for rebuilding Newgate;
531;-another act for the more effectual prevention of fires in and
about the metropolis; 532 ;--instance of the dreadful etlects of a fire
in a single house ; ibid.–Violent storm of thunder, lightning, and
rain in the metropolis; 537.-Example of British benevolence, in the
humanity of the citizens to the unfortunate German emigrants ; 538.
-Silk weavers, their distress, in consequence of the importation of
foreign silks into England;542 ; -petition parliament for relief; ibid. n.
min despair, they attack the houses of the supposed enemies of
their trade; 543. -Great fire at Rotherhithe, in 1765; ibid.-Lord
mayor enforces certain statutes against the use of false measures;
544.—Another fire in 1765 ; 545.-Society of Artists of Great Britain
founded; 546.-Commissioners of sewers petition the lord mayor and
court of common council for a further improvement in the paving
and cleansing of the metropolis ; ibid.-Act of parliament for in-
creasing the tolls on the turnpike roads round London ; 553.--Hard
frost in the metropolis in the year 1767, followed by a violent hurri-
cane; 559 ;-court of common council subscribe sums of money for
the sufferers of this inclement season; ibid. -Government purchases
Gresham college of the city, and erects the Excise office on its site;
570.--Another hard frost in 1768, 572.--Mr. Wilkes offers himself
as canditate to represent the city of London; 573 ;-is rejected ; 574;
-but returned for Sliddleser ; ibid.-Prince of Monaco (at whose
court the duke of York died) visits the city of London ; 575.-On the
arrival of the king of Denmark at St. James's the citizens of London
invite bim to an entertainment; 579.–Royal Academy of Arts insti.
tuted ; 583.m-Long expected cause between Mr. Wilkes and the earl
of Halifax tried in the court of Common Pleas; 586;-and determined
in favour of the former; 587.--Correspondence between the lord mayor
and the secretary at war, on the insult offered to the city by the march
of a military body through the streets with drums and fifes playing;
592.—Lord inayor and sheriffs go in state to the Old Bailey, and lay the
first stone of the present building called Newgate; ibid.The lord
mayor and Alderman Oliver committed to the Tower by the house of
commons for a supposed breach of the privileges of that house; 559,
n.--they are addressed and applauded by the several wards in London,
-An information of disfranchisement filed against the companies of Gold-
smiths, Grocers, and Weavers for refusing to obey the lord mayor's
precept for a common hall; 602.-Upright conduct of Messrs. Wilkes
and Bull, with respect to the prisoners in Newgate ; 602.--Dreadful
effects of a fire in a house in Bishopsgate street; 604.--Remarkable
instance of mortality among the city magistrates in the course of four
years; ibid. Cause uried at Guildhall between the coinmon Serjeant
of the city of London and the master of the company of Goldsmiths,
for disobeying a precept of the lord mayor; 605.--Act of parliament
“ for preventing the mischiefs from driving cattle in London, Wests
minster, and within the bills of mortality;" ibid ;-salutary provisions
of that act; 608.-Number of cattle sold at Smithfield in the year
1774; ibid.-Further proceedings with respect to the disfranchisement
of the master of the company of Goldsmiths, 608 to 610,--Court
of aldermen vote their thanks and a sum of money to John Wilkes,
Esq. late lord mayor, for his wise, upright, and impartial adminis-
tration of justice, during his mayoralty; 611.--Statement of the
expences attending the mayoralty; 614.-Lord mayor refuses per-
mission to the admiralty to impress men in the city; 615.-The
city proceeds against the adıniralty in the court of King's Bench;
ibid. -issue of the trial, and speech of lord Mansfield ; 617.-Pressa
gangs still moiest the citizens; 618;-four of the assailants brought
before the sitting magistrates; 619; -and committed to prison; 620.
~Privilege of exemplion from the payment of tolls in any part of Eng-
gland contested and ascertained by the citizens of London; 624.
--Citizens assert a claim to the duty of six-pence per load on all
hay sold in Smithtield, not the property of freemen of London; 625;
-irial thereon, and issue in favour of the citizens ; 626.--First stone
of the New Sessions House, Clerkenwell, laid ; ibid.-Mr. Alderman
Willes elected chamberlain of the city of London ; ibid. Riots of
the protestant association in London, in 1780; 627.-The king's great
illness and recovery, and the grand procession of their majesties, &c,
to St. Paul's cathedral, to return thanks for the same (A. D. 1789,)
612.-Great fire at Ratcliffe-highway, in which 630 houses were con-
suined; 614.-St. Paul's church Covent Garden, burnt down; 645.
-Celebrated trial between Mr. Croome, auctioneer, (plaintiff) and
the late alderman Le Mesurier, then lord mayor (defendant), for false
imprisonment; ibid, n.-On a threat of invasion from l'rance, the citizens
of London enter into subscriptions, and form themselves into armed as-
sociations for the defence of the country ; 617, 648.—The king reviews
the different corps in and about the metropolis; 619.- Return of the
strength of the volunteer forces at the different stations; ibid.-His
jesty visits Drury lane theatre, and is fired at by a maniac; 650.-
London bridge, first mention of it, 51, n.--repaired and strengthened:
58.-gets out of repair, and is first built of stone; 62 ;-mode of
its erection ; expence attending it, and how defrayed; ibid, 1.-its,
water-works erected ; 150 ;-and destroyed in the great fire of 1066.
221.-London bridge rebuilt in 1754; 421;-and burnt down in
1759 ; 441;-grant of 15001. from parliament to rebuild the
same ; 443 ;-- the expence attending its erection ; ibid.
Lord mayor of London, the creation of that title; 78;-permitted
the privilege of having gold and silver maces carried before hiin; ibid;
--the present mode of electing him established ; 104.--Act of com-
mon council restraining the extravagance and luxury of civic feasts;
131.--Expences attending the mayoralty; 014.-15001. per year
added to the salary of the lord mayor; 652.
Lottery, the first one mentioned, and duration of its drawing ; 143.
Lovat, lord, his execution in 1747, for rebellion; 407 ;-levity of his
conduct previous to that awful event; 408.
Maces, when first carried before the lord mayor; 78.
Mansion-house, its erection ; 382;-and expence attending it ; 383, 11.
Market-places, first used by the Romans, 11 ;-as also mile-stones, 21, n.
Merchants, German, a company of, settled in London; their designation,
and singular payment to the king; 52,
Newgate, previously a miserable dungeon, rebuilt by sir R. Whittington,
92;—first stone of the present building laid ; 590.
Norwich, singular custom on the election of its sheriffs ; 137, n.
Old Street, one of the most ancient Roman military ways;j 21.