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“ To the King's most excellent Majesty, « The humble address and petition of the lord mayor, aldermen, and commons of the city of London, in common council assembled.
Most Gracious Sovereign, « We, your majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the lord mayor, aldermen, and commons of the city of London, in common council assembled, humbly approach your throne with deep concern, to represent that every class of your majesty's subjects, but more especially those of the laborious and industrious poor, are now suffering extreme distress, arising from the excessive price of bread, and of every other necessary article of life. Under circumstances so trying, your majesty may rest assured, that your faithful citizens of London, steady in their attachment to your majesty's person and government, and in their confidence in that happy constitution under which we live, have discouraged, and will continue to discourage, every attempt to excite tumultuous and disorderly proceedings, not only unjustifi. able in themselves, but directly tending to continue and to increase the present calamity, and will, both by active ex. ertions and by example, do their utmost to encourage a strict and uniform obedience to the laws, looking to the legislature, and to that only, under Divine Providence, for relief; and trusting in your majesty's paternal regard for your people, that its utmost energy will be exerted for that purpose. We therefore, humbly pray, that your majesty will be pleased speedily to convene your parliament, that they may concert such measures as they in their wisdom shall judge most effectual to remove the sufferings, and supply the wants, of your people; thereby preserving to them the blessings they have long enjoyed under your majesty's mild and gracious goverment."
On the 14th of October, the lord mayor and corporation of London, attended his majesty with the above address ; to which his majesty was pleased to make this most gracious
“ I am always desirous of recurring to the advice and assistance of my parliament on any public emergency; and, previous to receiving your petition, I had given directions for convening my parliament for the dispatch of business.”
In the course of this year it was moved and carried in the affirmative, that 1,500l. per annum, should be granted to the lord mayor, in addition to his allowance by the city, as requisite to support the dignity of the office.
THUS have we deduced our History to the close of the year eighteen hundred. We certainly exceed the compass prescribed ; but to have said less, would deplate our subject. Some unavoidable errors may have escaped; but they are not wilful, and therefore we hope for excuse and candid correction. We however, take upon us to assert, that as we have in no instance wandered from our purpose of detailing circumstances peculiarly attached to the History OF THE BRITISH METROPOLIS, we may venture a claim to confidence jn the authenticity and correctness of our TOPOGRAPHICAL department.
Printed by W. Stratford, Crown Court, Temple Bar,
IDDLE-STREET, anciently Athelstan, Adelstan, or King Addic
street, and formerly the residence of king Athelstan; p. 47.
Adelphí buildings, their erection ; 599; bill passed in parliament for the
purpose deemed an invasion of the property of the city; ibid.
Alfred, his regular government of the kingdom ; 45, n. divides it into
counties, hundreds, and tythings; and the city into wards and pre-
cincts, over which he places officers analogous to our aldermen and
common council men; ibid ;-builds men of war, improves mercantile
shipping, and encourages the use of stone and brick in the erection of
Apprentices, ancient instructions contained in their indentures ; 118, n,
their extravagant and improper mode of attire, produces an act of com-
mon council restraining the same; 149.
Arts and sciences, in the reign of Henry VIII. begin to flourish; 113;
are fostered and encouraged by Cardinal Wolsey ; 115.
-, Royal academy of, its institution; 583.
Bakers, laws enforced against their mal-practices, in the reign of Ed-
ward I. ;
company of, supposed to be one of the most ancient guilds; 88.
Balmerino, Lord, full account of his execution for high treason in 1746; 401.
Bank of England, its establishment; 312.
Bartholomew fair, first mention of it; 168 ;-is suspended, with other
fairs, to prevent the extension of the plague; ibid.
Bartholomew, St. priory of, founded, A.D. 1102; 59.
Bible, the tirst English translation of it; 122.
Billingsgate market, its establishment; 314.
Blackfriars bridge, act passed for its erection ; 438 ;-estimate of the ex-
pence, and other particulars; 443 ;—the first stone laid: description of
the ceremony attending it ; 456.
Boadicea, the British heroine, account of, 31;-confederates with the Tri-
nobantes, defeats the Romans, and sets fire to the metropolis; ibid.
Bow bridge, its erection; 61.
Bow church, the curious construction of its steeple, the top of which, before
the great fire of London, supported a lantern, intended as a direction for
travellers, and for the market people that came from the northern parts
to London ; 21.
Bridge, the first mention of one; 51, n.
British museum, its establishment; 428.
Buildings, in the time of the Romans, descriptions of them ; 12;-the
use of chimnies introduced, and also of tiles and slates; ibid ;-their
windows, furnished with lattices of wood, or sheets of linen ; ibid. -
State of the buildings in the metropolis in the reign of Charles I. with
Sir William Davenant's whimsical description of them; 178.
Butchers, their small number in London in the beginning of the sixteenth
century; 119;-consumption of meat at that period; ibid;-and its
price; 120.-Butchers refuse to pay the toll hitherto exacted of them;
433 ;-farmers of the toll commence an action against them, and are
nonsuited ; 437.-Number of cattle killed, in 1707, for the use of the
Cabal, its singular derivation, from the names of the persons whose initials
combined form the word; 274.
Canterbury, styled the metropolis of England, in the time of the Saxons;
43 ;-plundered and burnt by the Danes ; 144 ;--and rebuilt by king
Canute, his invasion of Britain, 50 ; is crowned at Southampton; ibid;
his tyrannic disposition; relaxes in favour of the English; ibid ;-be-
comes a powerful, spirited, and wise king; 52;„his death; 53.
Cardinal Wolsey, fosters and improves the arts and sciences; 115; is op-
posed in his exactions on the citizens ; 116.
Caxton, William, citizen and mercer, introduces the art of printing ; 104;
-soine account of him ; ibid; title of the first book printed; ibid, n.
Charing cross, forinerly a village lying between the cities of London and
Charter-house, formerly a Carthusian monastery; 30.
Cheap living, extraordinary instance of, in the year 1306; 75, n.-value
of commodities at that time; ibid.
Chess, a treatise on, the first book printed in England; 104, n.
Christ's hospital, its erection and endowment; 132.
City feast, a grand one given by a citizen of London to Edward III. and
three other kings; 80 ;- first one given at Guildhall; 111;-a great
entertainment given by some gentlemen of the law, on assuming the
dignity of the serjeant's coif; 119;-the expences attending it; 120;-
act of the common council to check the immoderate luxury of the civic
table; 134.-Great entertainment given by the benchers of the inns of
court to Charles I. and the royal family; 178;—immense expence
thereof; ibid.—The Lord Mayor gives another, equal to the former;
ibid.-Lord mayor and aldermen entertain the great duke of Marlbo-
rough, and several of the nobility, after the battle of Ramillies; 318.-
Grand dinner given to George I. the royal family, and many of the
nobility, on Lord Mayor's day, on which occasion the chief magistrate
was created a baronet; 333.-Sumptuous entertainment given by the
lord mayor to their present majesties soon after their coronation, and to
the royal family and principal nobility; 507;-report of the committee
appointed to provide that entertainment; 510.- Lord mayor and court
of common council invite the king of Denmark (then on a visit at St.
James's) to an entertainment at the Mansion house; 579;- particulars
of the royal procession to the city by water, &c. &c. 580 to 582.
City magisirates, present mode of electing them established; 104;-ex-
tent of their jurisdiction in 1520; 117.
Coals, when first used; 74;--regular measures for established; 217;-
further regulations respecting them; 326.
Cock lane ghost, full account of that deception, means employed to effect
it, and the trial and punishment of the contrivers ; 515.
Colchester, its ancient name, and founder; 10.
Coinage, the first sterling ; 67.
Combination amongst journeymen and labourers, first act passed on that
subject; 124 ;-turtiier proceedings against combinations; 337.
Compton, Dr., bishop of London, his honourable appellation, and noble
and spirited character; 275, n.-is suspended from the functions and
exercise of his episcopal office; 277.
Conduits, list of, and when erected, 70, n.
Corain, Mr. Thomas, brief memoirs of him; 384, n.-his benevolent ex-
ertions to establish a Foundling hospital in or near the metropolis ; 385;
--draws up a memorial to his majesty in its favour; form of that instru-
ment; ibid ; and names of the nobility annexed to it; 386.-The king
grants a charter for its establishment; 387.
Coronation ceremony, the first recorded to have been performed in the
metropolis; 50.-Full account of the coronation of his majesty, George
III. and his consort; 467;-oath administered to the king; 478,-
ceremony of the anointing ; 479 ;–of the investing;
482 ;-the crown-
ing; 483 ;-and inthroning, and homage, 486.- Description of the
anointing, crowning, and inthroning of the queen; 487.
Court of conscience, its establishment; 114.
Covent Garden first built; 181.
, description of the nature, quantity, and assessment of that tax ;
48; is repealed by Henry II. ibid. (vide p. 192, n.)
Danes, after pillaging various quarters of the kingdom, plunder and burn
the cities of London and Canterbury; 44.-Defeated, and expelled
the kingdom by Alfred, who rebuilds the desolated cities; ibid. --Agair
invade England in the reign of Ethelred II. and plunder the country;
48;—and again under Swein, their king, and Olave, king of Norway,
ibid;—are bought off by Ethelred, who imposes a tax called Danegelt;
ibid ;_description of the tax; ibid, n.
Davenant, Sir William, his whimsical and ludicrous, but faithful descrip-
tion of London in the reign of Charles I.; 178; complains of the close-
ness and crookedness of the streets; the inequality in the height and
breadth of the houses; suggests the idea, that the garrets of houses
meeting at the top must have been designed “ through abundance of
amity, that opposite neighbours might shake hands without stirring from
home;" 179.-Complains of the citizens' black bread, thick drink, and
unwashed glasses; of the narrow beds and their scanty furniture; 180;
-compares the coaches to sedans hung on wheels; and compliments
the carts on the dignity of their appearance ; 181.
Derwentwater, Charles Ratcliffe, earl of, his execution in 1746, on Tower
Hill, for joining the Pretender in 1715; 406.
Diana, temple of, (the residence of Fair Rosamond) description of, 26.
Dress, the extravagance of, in the reign of queen Elizabeth, induces her
to issue a proclamation restraining its excess; 147; -further order on
the same subject; 165.- Improper mode of attire of the city appren-
tices produces an act of common council restraining the same; 149.-
Humourous description of the dress of the Londoners in 1646; 186.
Duties paid to Henry III. by the citizens of London, a curious docu:
Edward the Black Prince, his public entry into London, with his French
prisoners, description of; 79.
Elizabeth, queen of England, commencement of her glorious seign; 140;
turns her attention to commerce; 141;-restrains the dress of the
citizens of London, now become extravagant and luxurious; 147..
Great number of foreigners at her court in 1580; 152 ;-receives many
proofs of the loyalty and liberality of her good city of London; ibid.
Her death and character ; 153.-Number of dresses found after her
decease; 154.-Her fondness of adulation and compliments to her
beauty, to which she had no pretensions ; ibid. ---Singular mode of re-
ceiving Sir John Aston, in his different missions to her court, with her
motive for so doing; ibid.-List of her household expences; 155.