« НазадПродовжити »
lic business ; exhorting them to proceed with the same good disposition, and with such dispatch, that this session might be brought to a happy conclusion. - The speech was received with that universal applause, which it so well deserved. The commons unanimously resolved to evince their gratitude in an address to the throne. They assured the king, that his faithful commons saw, with joy and veneration, the warm regard and concern which ani: mated his royal breast for the security of the religion, laws, liberties, and properties of his subjects: that the house would immediately proceed upon the important work recommended by his majesty ; and would enable him to establish the salaries of the judges in such a permanent manner, that they might be enjoyed during the continuance of their commissions. They instantly began to deliberate upon this business. Their resolutions terminated in a law, enacting, among other particulars, that such part of the salaries of the judges as was before payable out of the yearly sums granted for the support of the king's household, and of the honour and dignity of the crown, should, after the demise of his present majesty, be charged upon all duties or revenues, granted for the use of the civil government, as should subsist after the demise of his majesty. Thus the individuals, intrusted with the administration of the laws, were effectually emancipated from the power of the prerogative, and of improper influence *.
There yet remained one grand exhibition to be performed, in order to complete the pageantry of the year. According to antient custom the citizens of London have preserved an opportunity of testifying their affection to every new king, by entertaining him at Guildhall on the first mayoralty that commences after his accession. Sir Samuel Fludyer was the ord mayor who had the honour of receiving this royal visit the forms and ceremonies of which were thus con: ducted:
On the morning of the ninth of November, the lord mayor elect, together with the aldermen, sheriffs, and other
* Lyttelton's Hift. of England.
officers, met at the Mansion House about ten o'clock, and proceeded to the Three Cranes, where they took water, and repaired to Westminster, and his lordship, as usual, was sworn into his office before the barons of the Exchequer. · During that ceremony their majesties, with the royal family, entered the city in the following order :
His royal highness the Duke of Cumberland in his coach drawn by six horses, preceded and followed by guards. · Her royal highness the Princess Amelia, in the same manner. ; His royal highness the Duke of York, in a new and superb state coach, followed and preceded by guards.
Their royal highnesses Prince William, Henry, and Frederick, in one coach, in the same manner,
Their royal highnesses the Princess Dowager of Wales, the Princess Augusta, and the Princess Caroline, in one coach, preceded by twelve footmen in black caps, with guards, and a grand retinue.
Their majesties in their state coach, preceded by the Earl of Harcourt in his chariot, and the Dukes of Rutland and Devonshire in another chariot; and followed by the yeomen and a party of horse and grenadier guards.
After their majesties came a great number of equipages belonging to the nobility and gentry, the judges, foreign ambassadors, ladies, &c. by which means the procession was made extensive as well as brilliant. But the most remark. able circumstance that distinguished this grand parade, were the prodigious acclamations and tokens of regard bestowed on Mr. Pitt, who, accompanied by Lord Temple, came in the rear of the procession. At every stop the multitude hung abont the carriage, and would willingly have unbarnessed the horses and drawn the carriage themselves. They kept continually shouting all the way, and the gentlemen and ladies in the balconies and windows testified their respect by waving their hats and handkerchiefs to him as ne passed.
When their majestics came to the east end of St. Paul's Church-yard, they were addressed in a speech adapted to the occasion, and spoken by the senior scholar of the gram
3 S 2
mar school in Christ's Hospital ; two copies of which were, afterwards presented to their majesties, and graciously received *.
The royal family then went to the house of Mr. Barclay, opposite Bow Church, in Cheapside, which on this occasion was decorated in a very sumptuous manner; whence they beheld the city procession, and testified their approbation of its grandeur and magnificence.
The lord mayor's coach was drawn by six beautiful irongrey horses, richly caparisoned and adorned with ribbons ; and the respective companies made a most noble and brilliant appearance.
The Armourers and Braziers, as also the Skinners and ishmongers, particularly distinguished themselves on this occasion. The former had a youth, dressed as an American prince, riding in his car, with a bow in his left hand, and a quiver and arrows hanging behind his left shoulder : also a * The speech was couched in the following terms :
• Most august and gracious Sovereign! “ From the condescension and goodness, which your majesty displays towards even the meanest of your subjects, we are emboldened to hope
will accept the tribute of obedience and duty, which we, poor ora phans, are permitted to present you.
“ Educated and supported by the munificence of a charity, founded, enlarged, and protected by your royal predecessors, with the warmest gratitude we acknowledge our inexpressible obligations to its bounty, and the distinguished happiness we have hitherto enjoyed under the constant patronage of former princes. May this ever be our boast and glory! Nor can we think we shall prefer our prayer in vain, whilst, with carnest, but humble supplications, we implore the patronage and protection of your majesty.
“ To our ardent petition for your princely favour may we presume, dread sovereign, to add our most respectful congratulations on your au. spicious marriage with your royal consort. Strangers to the disquietude which often dwells within the circle of a crown, long may your ma. jesties experience the heart-felt satisfaction of domestic life in the uninterrupted possession of every endearment of the most tender union, every blessing of conjugal affection, every comfort of parental felicity, and may a race of princes, your illustrious issue and descendants, formed by the example, and inheriting the virtues of their great and good progenitors, continue to sway the British sceptre to the latest posterity."
man in complete armour. The Skinners were distinguished by seven of their company being dressed in fur, with their skins painted in the form of Indian princes. The pageant of the Fishmongers consisted of a statue of St. Peter finely gilt, with a dolphin, two mermaids, and two sea horses.
T'he grand procession being closed, their majesties and the royal family were conducted by the sheriffs to Guild hall, at the entrance of which they were received by the lord mayor, who, kneeling, presented the city sword to the king, which being returned, his lordship conducted his ma. jesty to the Council Chamber, where the compliments of the city were made on this royal visit. Here his majesty conferred the honour of knighthood on Nathaniel Nash and John Cartwright, Esqrs. the sheriffs ; as also on Thomas Fludyer, Esq. brother to the lord mayor.
From the Council Chamber the royal family were con. ducted to the Hustings, where an entertainment was provided, which, for magnificence and order, was generally allowed to exceed that at the coronation. His majesty was so highly pleased with it as to declare, “ that to be elegantly entertained he must come into the city.” The foreign ministers in general expressed great surprize; one of them in particular observed, “ that this entertainment was fit only for one king to give to another."
The ball in the evening was opened by his royal highness the Duke of York, his majesty's brother, and the lady mayoress : and minuets were danced by some others of the royal family, the nobility, &c. The dancing continued till twelve o'clock, when their majesties and the royal family left the hall; but the crowd of carriages and people was so great, that they did not reach St. James's till two in the morning, The houses both in London and Westminster, on their re. turn, were illuminated.
When Mr. Pitt left the hall, he was saluted in the same manner as when he entered the city; and the people con. tinued to surround the chariot all the way to his house.
The rest of the company did not separate till after three in the morning; and the whole was concluded with the ut. most regularity and decorum.
Report of the Committee appointed to provide an Entertain
ment for the k'ing and the Royal Family. AT A Court of COMMON Council held June 17, 1762, the following report was presented to the court :
“ To the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor,
Aldermen, and Commons of the City of Lon
don, in Common Council assembled. “ We, your committee appointed by your order, of the third day of October last, to manage the entertainment for their majesties at the Guildhall of this city, on the then ensuing lord mayor's day, beg leave to report, that, duly sensible of the great honour done us in this appointment, we chearfully devoted our time and utmost endeavours to prepare and regulate the said entertainment, so as best to answer the intention of this honourable court.
" In the preparations for the intended feast, your committee omitted no expence that might serve to improve its splendor, elegance, or accommodation; whilst, on the other hand, they retrenched every charge that was not calculated to that end, however warranted by former precedents. Their majesties having expressed their royal inclinations to see the procession of the lord mayor to Guildhall, the committee obtained Mr. Barclay's house in Cheapside, for that purpose, where proper refreshments were provided, and every care taken to accommodate their majesties with a full view of the whole cavalcade.
“ The great Hall and adjoining apartments were decorated and furnished with as much taste and magnificence as the shortness of the time for preparation, and the nature of a temporary service, would permit: the hustings where their majesties dined, and the new Council Chamber, to which they retired both before and after dinner, being spread with Turkey carpets, and the rest of the floors over which their majesties were to pass, with blue cloth, and the whole illuminated with near three thousand wax tapers in chandeliers, lustres, girandoles, and sconces.
56 A select