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with the cross, and into her left hand the ivory rod with the dove: which done, the archbishop and bishops divested themselves of their copes, and left them there, proceeding in their rochets, or usual habit.
Then the queen, having her crown on her head, and the scepter and ivory rod in her hands, and being supported and attended, and her train borne as before, proceeded from St. Edward's chapel over the theatre, by the north side of her throne, and so through the choir, in the same manner as she came to the church (saving that the lords, who bore her regalia thither, did not go now immediately before her, but repaired to their respective places in the procession, according to their several degrees), and was again received under her canopy by the barons of the cinque ports, who attended without the door of the choir, for that purpose.
The king likewise, having the four swords and the scepter with the dove, borne before him, with his crown head, and in his hands the scepter with the cross, and the orb, a noble lord supporting his right arm, proceeded out of St. Edward's chapel, assisted and attended, and his train borne, as before, and passed over the theatre by the south side of his throne, and so through the choir, in the same manner as he came to the church (saving that the lords, who, in the former procession, carried any of the regalia, which were now left behind in St. Edward's chapel (as the spurs and staff,) or which his majesty did now bear himself (as the orb and scepter with the cross), went now in their respective places in the procession, according to their several degrees), and was received in like manner under his canopy by the barons of the Cinque Ports at the choir door.
Thus this most glorious and splendid assembly proceeded down the body of the church, through the great west door, and so returned to Wesminster Hall, by the same way it came; the Dukes of Normandy and Aquitaine wearing their caps of estate, the peers and peeresses their coronets, the bishops their caps, and the kings of arms their coronets.
All the way from the church to the hall, the drums beat, the trumpets sounded, and the vast multitude of beholders filled the air with loud acclamations and shouts. 3 Q 2
On their arrival at Westminster Hall, dinner being placed on the table, their majesties sat down to dinner, as did likewise the peers and peeresses at their respective tables.
Before the second course was brought in, the king's champion, who enjoys that office as being lord of the manor of Scrivelsby, in Lincolnshire, entered the hall completely armed, in one of his majesty's best suits of wbite armour, mounted on a beautiful white horse, richly caparisoned in manner following:
Two trumpets, with the champion's arms on their banners; the serjeant trumpet, with his mace on his shoulder: two serjeants at arms, with their maces on their shoulders; the champion's two esquires, richly habited, one on the right hand, with the champion's lance carried upright; the other on the left hand, with his target, and the champion's arms depicted thereon; the herald of arms with a paper in his hand, containing the words of the challenge.
The earl marshal in his robes and coronet, on horseback, with the marshal's staff in his hand; the champion on horseback, with a gauntlet in his right hand, his helmet on his head, adorned with a great plume of feathers, white, blue, and red; the lord high constable in his robes and coronet, and collar of the order, on horseback, with the constable's staff.
Four pages richly apparelled, attendants on the champion,
The passage to their majesties table being cleared by the knight marshal, the herald at arms, with a loud voice, proclaimed the champion's challenge at the lower end of the hall, in the words following: “ If any person, of what degree soever, high or low, shall
deny or gainsay, our sovereign lord king George III. king of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c. grandson and next heir to our sovereign lord king George II. the last king, deceased, to be right heir to the imperial crown of this realm of Great Britain, or that he ought not to enjoy the same ; here is the champion, who saith that he lieth, and is a false traitor, being ready in person to combat with him; and in this quarrel will adventure his life against him, on what day soever he shall be appointed.”
And then the champion threw down bis gauntlet ; 'which, having lain some small time, the herald took it up, and redelivered it.
Then they advanced in the same order to the middle of the hall, where the same herald made proclamation as before ; and lastly, to the foot of the steps, when the herald, and those who preceded him, going to the top of the steps, made proclamation a third time, at the end whereof the champion threw down his gauntlet; which, after some time, being taken up, and re-delivered to him by the herald, he made a low obeisance to his majesty: whereupon the cupbearer, assisted as before, brought to the king a gilt bowl of wine, with a cover; his majesty drank to the champion, and sent him the bowl by the cup-bearer, accompanied with his assistants; which the champion (having put on his gauntlet) received, and retiring a little, drank thereof, and made his humble reverence to his majesty; and being aceompanied as before, departed out of the hall, taking the said bowl and cover with him as his fee.
Immediately after which, the officers of arms, descending from their gallery, Garter and the two provincial kings of arms, with their coronets on their heads, followed by the heralds and pursuivants, came and stood at the lower end of the hall, and, making their obeisance to his majesty, pro. eeeded to the middle of the hall, where they made a second obeisance; and, being come to the foot of the steps, and there making a third obeisance, they ascended the steps, and, at the top thereof, Garter cried · Largess' thrice, and (having received his majesty's largess) proclaimed the king's stile in Latin, as follows: “ Serenissimi, potentissimi, & excellentissimi Monarcha
Georgii III. Dei gratiâ, Magnæ Britanniæ, Franciæ, &
Hiberniæ Regis, Fidei Defensoris." Upon which, all the officers of arms making their obeisance, Garter the second time proclaimed his majesty's stile in Freneh, as followeth: " Du tres-haut, tres-puissant, & tres-excellent Monarque
George III. par la grace de Dien, Roy de la Grande
The officers of arms making another reverence, Garter the third time proclaimed the king's stile in English, as followeth: “ Of the most high, most mighty, and most excellent
Monarch George III. by the grace of God, king of
Faith.” After which, they all made their obeisance, and, descending, went backwards to the middle of the hall, still keeping their faces towards the king, and there, crying • Largess' thrice, proclaimed the king's stile in Latin, French, and English, as before.
And lastly, coming to the lower end of the hall in the same order, they again cried · Largess, and proclaimed his majesty's stile in like manner, and then, repairing to their table, sat down to dinner.
Their majesties having dined, rose from table, received again their regalia, which had been held near them all dinnertime: and thus, with their crowns on their heads, and the orb and scepters in their hands, and attended, and their trains borne as before, and the four swords, and scepter with the dove, being borne before his majesty, they withdrew into the court of wards, where the crowns, orb, and scepters being delivered to the dean of Westminster, and master of the jewel-house, their majesties departed in the same manner as they came thither.
After which the nobility, and all others who dined in Westminster Hall, severally departed.
Among the other services performed on this occasion, was that of chief butler, by the lord mayor; but this privilege will be more fully described, when speaking of the dignities attached to his office.
N. B. A little before the royal procession began to march, proceeded that of her royal highness the princess dowager of Wales, from the House of Lords, across Old Palace Yard, on a platform erected for that purpose, to the south cross of Westminster Abbey. She was conducted by the hand by his royal highness Prince William Henry, dressed in white and
silver, whose engaging affability and filial complaisance gained, in a moment, the esteem of all the spectators. Her train, which was of silk, was but short, and therefore not borne by any person; and her hair flowed down her shoulders in hanging curls. She had no cap, but only a circlet of diamonds.
The rest of the princes and princesses, her highness's children, followed in the following order:
His royal highness Prince Henry Frederick, also in white and silver, handing his sister, the Princess Louisa-Anne; who was dressed in a slip with hanging sleeves. Then
His royal highness Prince Frederick-William, likewise in white and silver, handing his youngest sister, the Princess Caroline-Matilda, dressed also in a slip with hanging sleeves.
The other persons who made up the remainder of this pro. cession, were those who had not a right to walk with their majesties.
The celebrated Mr. Bonnel Thornton, wrote an entertaining and familiar detail of the particular circumstances attending the Coronation, in a letter to his friend in the country; which, on account of its peculiar merit, is submitted as a close to our description of that magnificent spectacle :
" DEAR SIR, " Though I regret leaving you so soon, especially as the weather has since proved so fine, that it makes me long to be with you in the country, yet I honestly confess, that I am heartily glad I came to town as I did. As I have seen it, I declare I would not have missed the sight upon any consideration. The friendship of Mr. Rolles, who procured me a pass-ticket, as they call it, enabled me to be present both in the Hall and the Abbey; and as to the procession out of doors, I had a fine view of it from a one-pair of stairs room, which your neighbour, Sir Edward, had hired at the small price of one hundred guineas, on purpose to oblige his acquaintance. I wish you had been with me; but as you have