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Then four knights of the garter, appointed by his majesty, held a pall or pallet of cloth of gold over the king during the whole ceremony of anointing : and, the several places of his majesty's babit for the anointing, which were closed with ribbands, being first opened by the archbishop, the ampul, with the oil and spoon, were brought from the altar by the dean of Westminster, who poured out the holy oil into the spoon, wherewith the archbishop anointed the king, in form of a cross,
1. On the palms of his majesty's hands, saying, "Be these hands anointed with holy oil :'
2. On the the breast, saying, ‘Be this breast anointed,' &c.
3. On both shoulders, and between the shoulders, saying, • Be these shoulders anointed,' &c.
4. On the bowings of both his arms, saying, “ Be these arms anointed,' &c.
Lastly, On the crown of the head, saying, “Be this head anointed with holy oil, as kings and prophets were anointed, and as Solomon was anointed king,' &c.
Then the dean of Westminster laid the ampul and spoon again upon the altar; and the archbishop, placing himself on the north side thereof, said this prayer, the king kneeling at his footstool :
" GOD, the Son of God, Jesus Christ our Lord, who was anointed by his father with the oil of gladness,” &c.
This prayer being ended, the king rose, and sat down in the chair, and the dean of Westminster (having first dried all the places anointed, save the head and the hands, wit fine cotton-wool, delivered to him by the lord great chamberlain) closed again the places that were opened in his garment.
Then a shallow coif of lawn was by the lord great chamberlain delivered to the archbishop, and by him put upon
the king's head; and the linen gloves (part of the regalia) were put upon his hands, because of the anointing ; and in the mean time a short anthem was sung by the choirs.
Vol. I. No. 20.
The anthem being ended, the dean of Westminster brought from the altar the Colobium Sindonis, (or fine white cambric surplice, without sleeves) which he put upon the king, standing before his chair ; the archbishop saying this prayer, or benediction :
“ () GOD, the King of kings, and Lord of lords, by whom kings reign and princes decree justice, vouchsafe, with thine especial favour and grace, to bless this thy servant George, our king,” &c.
Then the dean of Westminster brought from the altar the supertunica, surcoat, or closs pall, of cloth of gold, and a girdle of the same, to which the sword was after fastened, and arrayed the king therewith.
Then the tissue hose and buskins, and the sandals of cloth of gold, were by the dean put upon the king, his majesty sitting down.
After this the dean of Westminster brought the spurs from the altar, and delivered them to the lord great chamberlain, who, kneeling down, seemingly put them on the king's heels, but indeed only touched the king's heels therewith, and forthwith took them off again, that his majesty might not be incumbered with them, by reason of the length of his robes; and, re-delivering them to the dean of Westminster, they were by him laid upon the altar.
Then the nobleman, who bore the sword of state in the procession, in lieu thereof delivered a sword in a scabbard of purple velvet to the archbishop, who, laying it on the altar, said the following prayer :
“ HEAR our prayers, we beseech thee, O Lord; and by the right hand of thy majesty, vouchsafe to bless and sanctify this thy servant GEORGE, our king, who is now to be girt with this sword,” &c.
The prayer ended, the archbishop, assisted by other bishops, delivered the sword into the king's hands, saying, * Red
this kingly sword, delivered unto thee by the hands of the bishops,” &c.
And the king, standing up, delivered it to the lord great chamberlain, who girded his majesty therewith ; whereupon, the king sitting down again, the archbishop, said, “ Remember of whom the Psalınist did prophesy, when he said, • Gird thee with thy sword upon thy thigh, O thou most mighty,” &c.
Then, the king arising, the dean of Westminster took the armil from the master of the great wardrobe, and put it about his majesty's neck, and tied it to the bowings of his arms above and below the elbows, the archbishop, saying, “ Receive this armil, as a token of the Divine mercy embracing thee on every side,” &c.
Lastly, The mantle, or open pall of cloth of gold and purple brocade, lined with red taffata, was delivered by the same gentleman to the dean of Westminster, who put it upon the king standing; and his majesty, being invested therewith, sat down, while the dean of Westminster was bringing the orb with the cross from the altar, which was delivered into the king's right hand by the archbishop, saying, ceive this imperial pall and orb, and remember that the whole world is subject to the power and empire of God," &c.
The king being thus invested, the archbishop, standing before the altar, took St. Edward's crown into his hands, and, laying it before him again upon the altar, said this prayer, the king kneeling at his footstool :
“ O GOD, the Crown of the faithful, bless, we beseech thee, and sanctify," &c.
Then the king sat down again in king Edward's chair, and the archbishop coming from the altar with the crown between his hands, assisted by the dean of Westminster and other bishops, reverently put it upon the king's head.
At which the trumpets sounded a point of war, the drums, which were without beat a charge, and the people, with loud and repeated shouts, cried, “GOD save the King!” And, a signal being given from the battlements of the 3 P 2
north cross of the church by two gunners, one of them took his station on the inner roof over the area, to observe the exact minute of his majesty's crowning, and thereupon, hastening to the battlements, commanded his companion (there placed) to fire a musquet, and light a port-fire. Upon which the great guns in St. James's Park were fired; and
the same sign the ordnance of the Tower were discharged.
The noise and acclamations ceasing, the archbishop went on, saying these two prayers, standing before the king :
1. " GOD crown thee with a crown of fortitude and honour, of righteousness and glory,” &c.
2. “O eternal God, King of kings, Fountain of all autho. rity and power, bless, we beseech thee, this thy servant, who in lowly devotion boweth his head unto thy Divine Majesty,” &c.
At which words the king bowed his head.
Then the archbihop read the Confortare: "Be strong, and of good courage; observe the commandments of God and walk in his ways; and the Almighty God strengthen thee,” &c.
After which a full anthem was sung by the choirs.
While the anthem was singing, the king delivered the orb to the dean of Westminster, who laid it again upon the altar; and then bis majesty, rising up, went from his chair to the altar, where his sword was ungirt, and offered by his majesty in the scabbard, but was immediately redeemed (by the king's appointment) for an hundred shillings; and the nobleman redeeming it drew it out, and so bore it naked before the king during the rest of the solemnity.
The anthem being sung, all the peers put on their coronets :
The two persons, representing the Dukes of Normandy and Aquitaine, put on their caps of estate:
And the kings of arms put on their coronets.
THE INVESTITURE PER ANNULUM ET BACCULUM. The king returning from the altar, and having seated himself again in his chair, the master of the jewel-house de
livered the king's ring (in which a table ruby is inchas ed, and on that St. George's cross engraven) to the archbishop; and, the king drawing off his linen glove, the archbishop put it on the fourth finger of his majesty's right hand, saying, “ Receive the ring of kingly dignity, and the seal of Catholic faith, that, as thou art this day consecrated head and prince of this kingdom and people,” &c.
Then, according to antient custom, the lord of the manor of Worksop, in Nottinghamshire, presented his majesty with a rich glove, which the king put on his right hand, imme. diately before he received the scepter ; and, his majesty still sitting in his chair, the archbishop took the scepter with the cross, and put it into the king's right hand, saying, “Receive the scepter, the ensigu of kingly power and justice," &c.
Whereupon the lord of the manor before mentioned supported the king's right arm, or held the said scepter for his majesty, as occasion required.
After which the archbishop delivered the rod or scepter with the dove into the king's left hand, saying, “ Receive the rod of equity and mercy," &c.
THE SECOND OBLATION AND BENEDICTION.
The king, having been anointed, invested, and crowned, and having received all his royal ornaments, went towards the altar, holding both the sceptres in his hands, and, kneeling there upon the steps, put off his crown, and delivered the scepter with the cross, and the scepter with the dove, into the hands of two noblemen, to be held by them, whilst he made his second oblation, which was a mark weight of gold, (viz. eight ounces troy,) delivered by the treasurer of the household to the lord great chamberlain of England, and by him to the king, and received by the archbishop into the bason, and by him reverently laid upon the altar.
Whereupon, the king still kneeling, and taking again the scep ters into his hands, the archbishop blessed the king and people; after which, the king rose and put on his crown; and, being attended as before, went again to king Edward's