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Among other regulations, the city gates were ordered to be pulled down; and the committee sold Aldgate for 1771. 10 s. Cripplegate for 911. and Ludgate for 1481. to: be pulled down and taken away by the purchaser within a limited time. The statue of queen Elizabeth, which stood on the west side of Ludgate, was purchased by Sir Francis Gosling, alderman of Farringdon Ward Without, and set up against the east end of Saint Dunstan's church, in Fleet Street; where it still continues *.
Several Essays appeared at this time, containing excellent plans for the improvement of various parts of the city, agreeably to the opportunity which then offered. One of these suggested fountains at convenient stations, which, at the same time that they were useful in cases of sudden accidents by fire, would conduce very materially to the orna. ment of the metropolis. The other was a plan for making squares, and large open streets within the city; which, as many parts of it might at the present day be adopted, we have detailed; as folJows :
“ White Friars it at present in a very ruinous condition, and of little value to the proprietors ; yet there is room to build a stately square, with a garden, in the manner of the Inner Temple, and a beautiful terras might be formed by wharfing in twenty or thirty yards of the river, which at low water is dry for fisty or sixty yards; and if the ground was raised as in Norfolk Street, there would be no descent to it from Flect Street,
" In Black Friars, there is room for a large square, on the same plan: and thence through Doctors Commons, Old Fish Street, Trinity Lane, St. Thomas Apostles, and Cloak Lane, as fine a street as any in Westminster, might be formed to Dowgate Hill, which will not only be a nearer, but a better way, from the squares to the Change, than going up Ludgate Hill, and round St. Paul's. It is almost needless to mention that the communication with Surrey and Kent, by Black Friars Bridge, and with Middlesex, Essex, and Hertfordshire, by the New Road, will render the squares not only agreeable to merchants, but also to gentlemen of fortune in the law, who at present live in a very inconvenient manner in chambers, lanes, courts, &c. for the sake of being near the inns of court, and public offices.
“ Another good square might be formed in New Street, which by its nearness to Fleet Street, and the inns of court, would let well.
“ Another square might be formed in Finsbury, which at present is of little value, and which if the sides next Moorfields, were to be left 3 L2
But whilst the city was profiting by embellishment, and the country exulted in success; whilst the subjects were enjoying the gratification of seeing the arms of Great Britain triumphant over those of the common enemy; whilst mutual unreserved declarations of loyalty, protection, and confidence subsisted between an affectionate sovereign, and an obedient and faithful people; and whilst that people, particularly the citizens of London, were in the midst of joyful exultations for the conquest of Canada, and others recently. gained, the whole atmosphere of expanding happiness was clouded by the sudden death of the king.
On Saturday, October 25th, this great and good monarch departed this life, after a glorious and happy reign of thirty-three years, four months, and three days; and wanting only sixteen days of completing the seventy-seventh year
His passage from the world which he had pro
of his age.
open, and the upper fields railed in and planted ; would by its nearness to the Change, and the conveniency of passing immediately into the country, without going over the stones, be a great inducement to the. merchants to settle there.
“ A square equal to Devonshire Square might be formed in Duke's Place, which at present brings as little profit as it does honour to the city.
It has been objected, “ That the income of the corporation Estate is not sufficient to enable them to make every desirable improvement." To which it might be replied, “ that if the corporation were empowered to purchase the ruinous buildings upon these premisses, there would not be wanting persons to purchase the ground at such a rate as would indemnify them from any expence, as certainly would be the case in regard to the improvements of Billiter Lane and Threadneedle Street. But admitting that the improvements recommended would be attended with such expence, an additional duty of two pence or three pence per chaldron, on coals, might furnish an ample fund for every purpose, and in regard to private families, would not deserve the name of a tax, which might afterwards be applied to the paying off the money borrowed on Black Friars Bridge, and thereby make it free.
" To conclude, the advantage arising to the citizens from the great sums that must be expended in the city ; beside the ease in poors rates, and land tax, if the above improvements take place, are too obvious 10 senderit necessary to expatiate thereon." 2
tected and secured by his wisdom and prowess, to that of immortality, was transient; an apoplexy put a period to his valuable life.
GeoRGE THE Second descended to the grave amid the unfeigned lamentations of a people whom he had established in prosperity, and who, therefore, were bound to bless the memory of their benefactor.
He had no foe but such as was equally so to the country. His humanity was ever prevalent; and he never signed the death-warrant of a criminal, without shedding a tear of compassion for the errors of human nature. Few of his predecessors exceeded him in justice and moderation ; and no one excelled him in justice and piety. He was at once the Monarch, the Hero, and the Christian !-and closed a long and magnanimous reign, by such a series of successful events as must amaze posterity.
The valuable legacy of his triumphant realms, he transmitted to his beloved grandson, our gracious sovereign King GEORGE THE THIRD, who was proclaimed with every wish for a long and prosperous reign, with that unbounded veneration which his great predecessor had unequivocally received from free and loyal subjects; and never with happier circumstances or more general applause, did a prince assume the reins of government.
On the 28th of this month, Sir Thomas Chitty, the lord mayor and aldermen of London waited on the king at Leicester House, and being introduced to his majesty by his grace the Duke of Devonshire, lord Chamberlain of the household, Sir William Moreton, the recorder, made their compliments in the following address :
“ Most gracious Sovereign, “ Your majesty's truly dutiful and loyal subjects, the lord mayor and aldermen of the city of London, beg leave to approach your royal person and congratulate your majesty upon your happy accession to the imperial crown of these realms; and, at the same time, to condole the loss of our late most gracious sovereign, whose glorious reign and princely virtues, must ever make his memory dear to a grateful people.
“ It is our peculiar happiness, that your majesty's heart is truly English, and that you have discovered in your earliest
the warmest attention to the laws and consti. tution of these kingdoms; laws so excellently formed, that as they give liberty to the people, they give power to the prince; and are a mutual support of the prerogatives of the crown, and the rights of the subject.
“ Your majesty is now in possession of the united hearts of all your people, at a time when the honour and credit of the nation are (by the courage and activity of your majesty's fleets and armies) in the highest extent; a time when we have happily no divisions at home to obstruct those measures, which have carried terror to our enemies abroad.
“ As your majesty's reign is so happily begun with the universal approbation and joy of the whole nation, permit us, great Sir, to express the high sense we have of your majesty's virtues, by the strongest assurances of our unalterable zeal for your majesty's sacred person and government; being convinced, that your majesty has the true interest of this nation entirely at heart, and that your power will be ever exerted in protecting the trade, rights, and liberties of your subjects. May your majesty reign long in the hearts of your people; and may the crown of these kingdoms ever descend to one of your majesty's illustrious family to latest posterity.”
To this address his majesty returned the following an
“ I have great satisfaction in the early marks you
have given of your zeal and affection for me and for my government; and I return you my hearty thanks. You may rely on my tender concern for the rights, trade, and manufactures of the city of London."
On the 30th, an address of a similar nature was presented to the king by the lord mayor, aldermen, and common council, in their full corporate capacity; as also another to the princess dowager of Wales, the king's mother.
The first acts of the government of George the Third, exhibited the unequivocal marks of patriotism, and his first
declaration in council evinced a mind actuated by the most benign principles. In this declaration, his majesty thus expressed himself :
“ The loss that I and the nation have sustained, by the death of the king, my grandfather, would have been severely felt at any time, but, coming at so critical a juncture, and so unexpected, it is by many circumstances augmented, and the weight now falling upon me much increased : I feel my own insufficiency to support it as I wish; but, animated by the tenderest affection for this my native country, and depending on the advice, experience, and abilities of your lordships, on the support and assistance of every honest man, I enter with chearfulness into this arduous situation, and shall make it the business of my life, to promote, in every thing, the glory and happiness of these kingdoms, to preserve and strengthen both the constitution in church and state; and as I mount the throne in the midst of an expensive, but just and necessary war, I shall endeavour to prosecute it in the manner the most likely to bring on an honourable and lasting peace, in concert with my allies.”
The addresses which flowed from every quarter, were couched in terms of sincere loyalty and duty ; but none breathed more ardently the dictates of heartfelt and pious sentiments, than the following which the venerable Dr. Sherlock, Bishop of London, sent to the king, on the first of November.
" SIRE, “ Amidst the congratulations that surround the throne, permit me lay before your majesty, a heart, which, though oppressed with age and infirmity, is no stranger to the joys of my country.
" When the melancholy news of the late king's demise reached us, it naturally led us to consider the loss we had sustained, and upon what our hopes of futurity depended : the first part excited grief, and put all the tender passions into motion ; but the second brought life and spirit with it, and wiped the tears from every face. Oh! how graciously did the Providence of God provide for a successor, able to bear the weight of government in that unexpected event.