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to William Wheatstone, of No. 118, Jermyn-street, way drowns him; and when they have made a furrow, , bour, so advantageously by me contrived, that a child's Jsores's, Middlesex, music-seller, for his method of they go a little distance, the one to the one side, and the force bringeth up an hundred foot high an incredible poving and augmenting the tones of piano-fortes, other to the other side of the furrow, and throw themselves quantity of water, even two foot diameter, so naturally, is, und euphonons.-29th July.—2 months. on their sides when they approach, and shed their spawn that the work will not be heard even into the next room ;

John Price, of Stroud, Gloucestershire, engineer, into the furrow at the same time. I have seen three pair and with so great ease and geometrical symmetry, that ertain improvements in the construction of spinning upon a spawning bed at a time, and have stood and looked though it work day and night from one end of the year hines.-5th August.-6 months.

at them, both while making the furrow and laying the to the other, it will not require forty shillings reparation George Graydon, of Bath, esquire, a captain in our spawn." —Besides the destruction of the ova, and fry, by to the whole Engine, nor hinder ones day-work, and I al Engineers, for his compass for navigation and other the present mode of fishing, and by depredators, immense may boldly call it the most stupendious work in the whole poses. —5th August.–6 months.

numbers are killed by mill-dams, great quantities being world : not only with little charge to drain all sorts of William Johnson, of Great Tothan, Essex, gentle frequently found dead under the wheels. Much injury is mines, and furnish cities with water, though never so high for a means of evaporating fluids, for the purpose of also done by dye-works, bleachfields, &c. which poison seated, as well to keep them sweet, running through reying heat into buildings for manufacturing, horti- the water. One witness, speaking of the destruction by several streets, and so performing the work of scavengers,

aral, and domestic uses, and for heating liquors in the porpoises, says he has seen them catching the sal- as well as furnishing the inhabitants with sufficient water illing, brewing, and dyeing, and in making sugar and mon till they were quite satisfied of them, and then they for their private occasions ; but likewise supplying rivers

sito reduced expenditure of fuel.—5th August.—4 would play themselves with them, by throwing them up with sufficient to maintain and make them portable from nths.

into the air, and catching them before they reach the town to town, and for the bettering of lands all the way to Jacob Perkins, of Fleet-street, London, engineer, water."—All the witnesses examined generally concurred it runs; with many more advantageous, and yet greater certain improvements in propelling vessels.-9th Aug. in ile benefits of the stake-net, which ihey recommend to effects of profit, admiration and consequence. So that de. months.

be again introduced, and also that the close season should servedly | deem this invention to crown my labours, o John Passell, of Mells, Somersetshire, edge-tool be enlarged ; that the laws respecting poachers should be to reward my expences, and make my thoughts acquiesce ker, for his improved method of heating woollen cloth rendered more efficient, and that angling should not be inway of further inventions: this making up the whole the purpose of giving it a lustre in dressing.–11th permitted for so long a period of the year. --To the report century, and preventing any further trouble to the reader ugust 9 months.

is appended a paper on the habits and

nature of salmon, for the present, meaning to leave to posterity a book, To Herman Schroder, of Hackney, Middlesex, broker, by Sir H. Davy, in which he differs from the fishers on wherein under each of these heads the means to put in his new filterei.-11th August.–6 months.

the subject of the stake net. We shall, if possible, give a execution and visible trial all and every of these inventions,

synopsis of this document on a future occasion. Sir H. with the shape and form of all things belonging to them, EXOX FISHERIES IN SCOTLAND AND IRELAND. tion and production of the fisheries; and, except in stake

D. concludes by some propositions for the better preserva- shall be printed by brass-plates. te Select Committee appointed last Session of Par- net fishing, coincides with the general opinion of the pro

In Bonum Publicum, et ad majorem Dei Gloriam. eat to sonsider the state of the Salmon Fisheries, have prietors of the fisheries. published an interesting report. It contains the evi

Correspondence. e of eleven individuals, well acquainted with the fishand the object of the inquiry is to ascertain the causes

Arts and Sciences.-An instrument has been lately prese general decrease in the number of salmon caught of sented to the Academy of Sciences at Paris, by Mons. Be. THE HAMILTONIAN SYSTEM. years, and, if possible, to point out some means of noit, called a Pachometre, for the purpose of ascertaining using the value of the fisheries. The evidence chiefly the exact thickness of looking-glasses in frames, and

which as to the Esk, the Tweed, and the Tay fisheries, in received the approbation of Monsieurs Fremil and Am. SIR,- The name of Mr. Hamilton has acquired an enland, and to several rivers in Ireland. From the pere, the Commissioners, who observe, in the conclusion viable notoriety. Every unprejudiced mind must admire e of the facts adduced, it appears that all these fishe- of their report. We consider that the Pachometre, with that intrepidity which denounces the unprincipled conduct on to ish with what is termed the stake-net; that produced, for measuring, with nicety, the thickness of and unblushing ignorance of all who have preceded himself niets are not destructive to the fry and spawn, and, mirrors or looking.glasses in frames;" which opinion was in the profession of instructing others. Knowing their arts, placed generally near the mouths

of rivers,'inter: unanimously confirmed by the whole Academy of Sciences. he fears not to point them out to the scorn of the world. fish which could not otherwise be taken, as niany of

Equally deserving our unqualified praise is the manly can. do not go far up the rivers ; -while, on the other

The Phænir.

dour with which he advances his own pretensions. True the fishing by nei and coble, by disturbing the gra

merit is ever confident. The value of pretensions thus Seds where the spawn is deposited, and killing the fry: A Century of the Names and Scantlings of such Inventions supported cannot be doubted. But it is not my intention, nsidered very detrimental to the fisheries. From the as at present I can call to mind to have tried and perfected here, to undertake the needless task of eulogizing Mr. ral depositions, we extract the following interesting (which, my former Notes being lost) I have, at ihe ins-The Tweed affords the greatest produce, and rents

stance of a powerful Friend, endeavoured now, in the Hamiltoa. My object in writing to you is to direct the bout £12,000 a year, though it has greatly fallen off, year 1655, to'set these down in such a way as may suffi- attention of that gentleman, to the subjoined extract posequence of depredations in close time, of angling, ciently instruct me to put any of them in practice. ning the water, as it is termed, and other destructive

from some poems that appeared about 30 years ago. dices. The sea-trout, the herling, the grilse, and the

It would, at first sight, appear to militate against his 90 are considered by all these gentlemen as distinct

doctrine, that one word in a language can have only one separate fish, resembling each other in many of

(Concluded from our last.)

signification, and can, therefore, be properly translated Izabits: and it is also supposed by all of them but


only in one way. He may, perhaps, be able to explain that every river has its peculiar breed of salmon, return from the sea to the river in which they were shoot two arrows, either together, or one after the other, the passage may be ranked under the head of those excép

A double cross-bow, neat, handsome, and strong, to away the apparent objection to his system ; or, at all events, We are not informed, however, of any, peculiar so immediately that a deer cannot run two steps but, if tions which prove the rule. I will, however, hazard per. rom the sizes, those in some rivers being generally whether the deer ran forward'

, sideward, or start backward: haps a more probable hypothesis--that the lines are the than those caught in others. Salmon

go up the to spawn in July, August, September, and October;


production of one of those schoolmasters whose object is in some go up sooner, and return to the sea at differ- A way to make a sea-bank so firm and geometrically proved by Mr. Hamilton, to be that of obstructing the rods, to get rid of different insects which infest them, strong, so that a stream can have no power over it; ex- path of true knowledge, and keeping the rising generation peculiar to salt—others to fresh water. The salmon cellent likewise to save the pillar of a bridge, being fur in the same ignorance that has benighted their fathers. their spawn in November, December, and January. cheaper and stronger than stone-walls.

He has had an inkling of intelligence beyond his fellows; pale and female meet for this purpose on the shal.

97.-A PERSPECTIVE INSTRUMENT. where they make furrows in the gravel, deposit their An instrument whereby an ignorant person may take

and, anticipating the appearance of some disinterested and cover it up. The spawn come to life, and any thing in perspective, as justly, and more than the genius who would endeavour to explode the old besotted rom the gravel in about six weeks, chiefly in March. skilfullest painter can do by his eye.

system of teaching by grammars and dictionaries, has, in sumber of ova in a salmon is from 13,000 to 26,000,


the true spirit of his class, invented this, as it were, expe. e an average, from 18,000 to 20,000, and each of An engine so contrived, that working the Primum morimentum crusis, with a view to expose the dreaded sys

impregnated by the male, would produce a fish. bile forward or backward, upward or downward, circulary tem to the cavils and sneers of the superficial and the galeral opinion of these fishers, that the grampuses, or corner-wise, to and fro, streight, upright or downright, envious. 5s, and seals are much more destructive to salmon yet the pretended operation continueth, and advanceth

QUIS. lil the arts of man. The two former have been seen none of the motions above mentioned, hindering, much The Chinese have a word, which, howe'er it seem strange, ce the salmon like dogs, and devour them in large less stopping the other ; but unanimously, and with har. Stands for fourteen ideas, without the least change: ties. In the Tay, since the stake-nets were disused, mony agreeing they all augment and contribute strength It consists of one syllable, too, you must know; hery, only yields about 34.000 fish annually,

--for- unto
the intended
work and operation : and therefore I And in that but too letters;

to wit P O PO! it yielded 60,000. The fish are best in and near call this A Semi.omnipotent Engine, and do intend that a Imagine, for instance, you wished to express

After being long in fresh water, they lose their model thereof be buried with me. colour and their weight, and become less firm.-99-A MOST ADMIRABLE WAY TO RAISE WEIGHTS.

"A wise man," “A man of a pleasing address,"

"A glass," “An immense preparation,” “ The blows Isllowing is the mode of depositing the spawn :- How to make one pound weight to raise an hundred as of a wood-cutter's hatchet,” “An old woman's nose,

proceed to the shallow waters, generally in the high as one pound falleth, and yet the hundred pound "A strong inclination," "A thing of small size,” ing, or at twilight in the evening. They play round descending doth what nothing less then one hundred " The course of a current, where water-springs rise," round, two of them together. When they begin to pound can effect.

“ A servant," "A captive in battle," " A fop,” the furrow, they work up the gravel rather against


" Or to boil your ripe rice,” “ Or to winnow your crop," ream, as a salmon cannot work with his head down Upon so potent a help, as these two last mentioned in. For all, and for each, if to China you go, tream, for the water going into his gills the wrongventions, a waterwork is, by many years experience and la- You can't speak amiss, if you only say—Po!

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The Beauties of Chess.

that Homer would have celebrated it as not the least 1

markable of their feats, and, by the immortality of I "The very head and front of our offending

writings, perpetuated the event to the end of time. Hath this extent, no more." “ Ludimus effigiem belli”.

AN EYE WITNESS. “That we are rude,

Liverpool, January, 1814.
And coarse of speech, and blus'd in opinion."


Eo Correspondents.
S1R,—The magnificent bearing of that would be philoso-

1 Knight....H-6

1 Pawn....G_5 2 Kuigbt ....G-4+ 2 King, H-1

Negro's EPITAP8_We have been favoured by J, O LA phical junta, ycleped the “Council of Ten," is beyond all

3 King,.....F-1

3 Pawe....H-2

caster, with an epitaph upon a faithful black servant, w calculation ridiculous. Their solemn bravado and dilated

4 Koight ....F-2+MATE.

ten by the late Rev. Mr. Watson, of Lancaster, and play dignity serye only to provoke laughter or unqualified con

over a grave at Sunderland. The sentiment contained

theselines is good; but we apprehend that our correspond tempt. Mistaking severity for wit, and their own biassed

(xo. x.]

must have mistranscribed the first four lines, because, opinions for judgment, they deal their unweildy weapons

as they stand in the copy, they are ungrammatical. about them with the blind audacity of supreme conceit,

The white to move, and to win the game in two moves. Lancaster correspondent may probably see this note, if Having read Johnson, they are capable of imitating only

we request he will communicate on this point with his defects: they have all his spleen and stiff formality

John Smith, who will be at the Lancaster Assizes Black.

shall here copy the first four lines: without his energy of thought, and carry with them the

“ Full sixty years the angry winter's wave rumble of his diction without one particle of its pith.

V 8 5 4 3 4 5 Η

Has, thundering, dashed this bleak and barten shore, Their pettish flippancy at one time reminds us of the

Since Sambo's head, laid in this lonely grave, contemptible approaches of an impudent school-boy, whose

Lies mute, and ne'er will hear their turmoil more." inexperience might serve as an excuse for his presump

The last line is extremely faulty; the verbs are in tion ; but, anon, the drilled and veteran scribbler starts

wrong tense. It would have better stood, "Lay silet

ne'er to hear the turmoil more." to view, in the art and structure of their patch-work, interlarded with borrowed scraps which indicate more of

GABEK EPIGRAMS.-We bave, in another column, Insert

Ashtonian's version of the Epigram from the Anthology bad feeling than wit. These cynical (I suppose, gentle

and we have shown his query to our young friend, who, men) would lord it with such a high hand, were their

der the cognomen of A Scool-boy, gave a prior version authority acknowledged, that, I imagine, we should soon

the same lines. He wishes to say to Ashtonian that be without either performers or an audience in our theatre,

does not comprehend the nature of his question.

Westminster scholar quoted the Greek from the G The pestiferous influence they attempt to send abroad

Anthology, for the use of the Westminster School, Oxf is engendered by the sorry humours of dogmatism and

edition, 1817. In this work, page 4, the word in quest envy. Conceit, however, is their main feature. They


stands yrwy, being the genitive case plural of pour struggle to rear up their conjoint labours into a mighty

If the word be perous in Ashtonian's copy of the lines Juggernaut to be hurled over the prostrate players.

must be wrong, as the line would not scan. En passan Probably you dare not admit these lines into your co

it not a vulgarism to say five pound? lums in respect to this most potent divan, whose citadel,


Song And Music.—Mr. T's song is prepared in the type, like an object viewed through a dense medium, dwindles

we must defer its appearance for a little while, in order into a mole-hill when narrowly approached. I am, &c.


introduce it in a gratuitous supplement It extends til DOCTOR TIMOTHY TWIST.

much greater length in the type than we expected, as

will occupy a page and a half. We must not so far trespa


upon the general reader as to appropriate so large a portid

of the Kaleidoscope to music. We shall, therefore, ad [See a note to correspondents. ]

the plan of a half-sheet supplement, TO THE EDITOR.


GYMNASIA.—A correspondent, who signs Gymnasticus, infor Sir,-Observing in your Kaleidoscope of the 24th ult. a

us, that he has succeeded in performing the feat descri translation of a Greek epigram, I beg to submit to your * By way of variety, we select for this week's Gym

in our last; which we do not at all doubt, as it is sin readers the following reading, if you deem it worth inser-nasia, an account of a quoiting match, which took place enough, if the hints that we gave for its performance bu tion.

several years ago, between two residents of Liverpool, Mr. tended to. Gymnasticus, however, fancies that he has a Phidon weeps; ah, Phidon sighs!

Henry Baines, timber-merchant, and Mr. Christopher an improvement by being able to perform the feat el But not for fear of death he cries;

standing on the left leg, as described in our figure, a But 'tis that he has paid five pound, Carns, glass-merchant.-We do not recollect to have read

the right; and he desires we will candidly inform To purchase him a burial ground. of any feat in which what is called “good bottom” is

whether we ever attained that pitch of eminence? Ashton-under-Lyne. ASHTONIAN. more conspicuous.

no very severe trial to our candour to admit that we a

attempted the trick, except in the way we have re EXTRAORDINARY QUOITING MATCH.

mended ; nor are we at all ambitious of succeeding i GRAMMATICAL QUERY. [From the Third Volume of the Liverpool Mercury, page 222.]

experiment from which we could derive no addid

laurels. There is no greater difficulty in standing 4 TO THE EDITOR.


one leg than on the other, and our reason for sele

the left leg to stand upon, in several of our gymnase Sin-The answer given by a correspondent, last week, DEAR SIR, -As the Editors of newspapers are almost

that, by naming always the same leg, confusion is aval to the grammatical query, whether the word "are" or the in the daily habit of communicating to the public some

and repetition in the explanation. In all the tricks whe word "is" should be made use of in the following sen- running, boxing, or shooting match, I infer that such sub

is is required to spring from one foot, we have unit tence, viz.--" The quarrels of lovers is the renewing of jects are not void of interest with their readers. I therefore

chosen the left foot, because, as we observed in the love," is, in my humble opinion, scarcely satisfactory. take the liberty of furnishing you, for insertion in your in

mencement of the series, the best leapers we have met The point of discussion is not whether it is correct to say structive and entertaining paper, with the particulars of

always sprung from the left foot. the result, &c. is" but whether it is correct to say, "the a quoiling match, played no great time back at Wavertree, quarrels, &c. is.” I should hope that there are few of the by two Liverpool' gentlemen : which, for the number E-m's letter of the 230 March last was duly delivered

. readers of this work who do not know that the first rule in and length of its games

deserves to be ranked amongst the party to whom it was addressed, being froni bor

the time, did not receive it till it was too late to eat syntax is, " The verb must agree with its subject in num- the most extraordinary events of a similar nature, which

with the request it contained. A further communica bér and person.” In this sentence the word “quarrels” have recently occurred. This single match consisted of

is earnestly entreated, and will meet with prompt (which is undoubtedly the subject of the verb) being in 99 successive games (eleven the game) the whole of which

grateful attention. the plural number, the verb must also be plural: it will, were played, according to the strict letter of the agreetherefore, be necessary to use the word “are." I agree ment, without any interruption, except that necessarily J. W. S. will percelve that we have inserted the pleee sugg with Mr. Philo Abstemious that an alteration is requisite occasioned by taking refreshment, not rest. The distance

by him. to make the sentence distinct and clear: but if, instead of agreed on was 21 yards, and the weight of the quoits used inserting a fresh subject to the verb, we simply change the by one of the gentlemen 11 pounds. The parties set to Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAY, verb, and say "are" or " is followed by;" then the mis- at six o'clock on the Monday morning, and playing Smith and Co. 75, Lord-street, Liverpool. take is rendered more evident, and the meaning of the sen- the whole of Monday night, by the aid of candles, com- Sold also by J. Bywater and Co. Pool-lane; Evans, Che tence plainer, though the grammatical query still remains pleted their most arduous undertaking by half-past three and Hall, Castle-st.; T.Smith, Paradise-st.; T. Ward the same as before. The sentence, thus changed, and rec-o'clock on Tuesday afternoon. With the highest opinion Public Library, Lime-street; E. Willan, Bold-sti tified, will run thus, " The quarrels of lovers are fol. of the athletic powers of the ancients, I cannot but enter- M. Smith, Tea-dealer and Stationer, Richmordlowed by the renewing of love." and I have no doubt tain a doubt whether Epeus, Leonteus, Ajax, or Polyptes'

M. Walker, Milliner, Tea-dealer, and Stationer, Mr. P. 4. will agree that it is incorrect in such a case to self, those celebrated throwers of the Discus, in the days of Mount Pleasant ; Wm. Freer, 36, Byrom-street; make use of the word " is."

yore, would have been competent to such a task; or, if J. Lowthian. Library, 3, Great George-place ; Yours, &c.

L. K. they had actually accomplished it, I am inclined to believe ready money only.

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mamiliar Miscellany, from which religious and politicalmatters are excluded, containsa variety of originaland selected articles: comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners, * Disement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual Volume, with an Index ani Title-page.--Its circulation renders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashianable Advertisements.-Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents.

No. 220.– Vol. V.


Price 3

Literature, Criticism, &c.

had an effect on both mind and body. His health was dered houseless. Perhaps this was some poor mourner impaired; his imagination was diseased. He had been whom the dreadful axe had rendered desolate, and who

indulging in fanciful speculations on spiritual essences, sat here heartbroken on the strand of existence, from TALES OF A TRAVELLER.

until, like Swedenborg, he had an ideal world of his own which all that was dear to her had been launched into

around him. He took up a notion, I do not know from eternity. We feel occasional pleasure in the recollection, that what cause, that there was an evil influence hanging over " He approached, and addressed her in the accents of the Kaleidoscope, five years since, was the first medium him; an evil genius or spirit seeking to ensnare him and sympathy. She raised her head and gazed wildly at him.

insure his perdition. Such an idea working on his me- What was his astonishinent at beholding, by the bright through which Mr. Washington Irving's popular Sketch lancholy tenperament produced the most gloomy effects

. glare of the lightning, the very face which had haunted Book was introduced to the British public. We claim no He became haggard and desponding. His friends dis him in his dreams. It was pale and disconsolate, but merit to ourselves from the circumstance, except inasmuch covered the mental malady that was preying upon him, ravishingly beautiful. 13 se took some pains to gratify our readers by a first and determined that the best cure was a change of scene; “ Trembling with violent and conflicting emotions, peep at Geoffrey Crayon's entertaining and interesting bewas sent, therefore, to finish his studies amidst the Wolfgang again accosted her. He spoke something of

her being exposed at such an hour of the tght, and to volume. A valuable friend in the United States supplied “ Wolfgang arrived at Paris at the breaking out of the the fury of such a storm, and offered to conduct her to us with the parts, in succession, as they appeared ; and we Revolution. The popular delirium at first caught his her friends. She pointed to the guillotine with a gesture were thus enabled to anticipate the metropolitan bookselenthusiastic mind, and he was captivated by the political of dreadful signification.

“ • I have no friend on earth !' said she. lens.--The opinion we formed and expressed of the merits and philosophical theories of the day: but the scenes of

blood which followed shocked bis sensitive nature; dis- " • But you have a home,' said Wolfgang. af Mt. Irving's work has been fully confirmed by the gusted him with society and the world, and made him

" • Yes in the grave! manimous verdict of our countrymen, who have been more than ever a recluse. He shut himself up in a soli. “ The heart of the student melted at the words. ot a little surprised that an American should have evinced tary apartment in the Pays Latin, the quarter of students. ««If a stranger dare make an offer,' said he, without a more intimate acquaintance with British antiquities and There in a gloomy street, not far from the monastic walls danger of being inisunderstood,

I would offer my humble British cistoms than any of our native writers.

of the Sorbonne, he pursued his favourite speculations. dwelling as a shelter ; myself as a devoted friend. I am

Sometimes he spent hours together in the great libraries friendless myself in Paris, and a stranger in the land; but if Aacther work has just appeared by this popular author, of Paris, those catacombs of departed authors, rummaging my life could be of service, it is at your disposal, and under the title of the Tales of a Traveller: comprising among their hoards of dusty and obsolete works in quest should be sacrificed before harm or indignity should come Ghost Stories, by a Nervous Gentleman-Literary or of food for his unhealthy appetite. He was, in a manner, to you. Common-life Stories—Buckthorn and his Friends Stories a literary goul, feeding in the charnel-house of decayed

- There was an honest earnestness in the young man's of Italian Banditti–Stories of American Money Diggers. literature.

manner that had its effect. His foreign accent, too, was We have only dipped into this work; but we have seen “* Wolfgang, though solitary and recluse, was of an in his favour; it showed him not to be a hacknied ineorugh of it to enable us to say, that it is decidedly in ardent temperament, but, for a time, it operated merely habitant of Paris.. Indeed, there is an eloquence in true ferior to the Sketeb Book and Bracebridge Hall. Some upon his imagination. He was too shy and ignorant of enthusiasm that is not to be doubted. The homeless of the tales are strangely destitute of interest, and the the world to make any advances to the fair, but he was stranger confided herself implicitly to the protection of the reader is frequently disappointed by not arriving at an in-a

passionate admirer of female beauty, and in his lonely student. Leresting catastrophe, which seems so natural as to be in chamber would often lose himself in reveries on forms and “ He supported her faltering steps across the Pont evitable; in the place of which he meets with a tame faces which he had seen, and his fancy would deck out Neuf, and by the place where the statue of Henry the, cummon-place conclusion. images of loveliness far surpassing the reality:

Fourth had been overthrown by the populace. The storm Nothing can be more void of incident or of origi. "'While his mind was in this excited and sublimated had abated, and the thunder rumbled at a distance. AU mlity than the tale of the Bandit Chieftain; and the state, he had a dream which produced an extraordinary Paris was quiet ; that great volcano of human passion sory of the Black Fisherman, which afforded scope for effect upon him. It was of a female face of transcendent slumbered for a while, to gather fresh strength for the à most impressive and appalling termination, is so beauty. So strong was the impression made, that he next day's eruption. The student conducted his charge managed, that the interest diminishes as the narrative dreamt of it again and again. It haunted his thoughts through the ancient streets of the Pays Latin, and by the proceeds.

by day, his slumbers by night: in fine, he became pas. dusky walls of the Sorbonne to the great dingy hotel The specimen which we are about to present to our sionately enamoured of this shadow of a dream. This which he inhabited. The old portress who admitted them eaders is of the genuine Monk Lewis class. If it were lasted so long, that it became one of those fixed ideas which stared with surprise at the unusual sight of the melancholy set well sold, it would be intolerable, it is so absurd and haunt the minds of melancholy men, and are at times Wolfgang with a female companion. travagant. Mr. Irving cannot, however, be said to be mistaken for madness.

“ On entering his apartment, the student, for the first the father of this literary monster, although he certainly “Such was Gottfried Wolfgang, and such his situation time, blushed at the scantiness and indifference of his us the merit of presenting the young imp to the pub at the time ! mentioned. He was returning hoine late dwelling. He had but one chamber-an old-fashioned be in a garb that heightens its original hideousness. To one

stormy night, through some of the

old and gloomy saloon—heavily carved and fantastically furnished with kop metaphor, we mean to say, that the plot of the streets of the Marais, the ancient part * Paris. The loud the remains of foriner magnificence; for it was one of kry is not original, although we cannot, at this moment, claps of thunder rattled among the high houses of the those hotels in the quarter of the Luxumbourg palace cllect the name of the work in which we met with its narrow streets. He came to the Place de Grève, the which had once belonged to nobility. was lum. totype a long time ago. We remember, however, square where public executions are performed. The bered with books and papers, and all the usual apparatus at the spect:e bride in the original had paid the forfeit lightning quivered about the pinnacles of the ancient of a student,

and his bed stood in a recess at one end. her natural life at the gallows; and when she visited Hôtel de Ville, and shed flickering gleams over the open " When lights were brought, and Wolfgang had a betspouse still bore the mark of the halter on her neck, space in front. As Wolfgang was crossing the square," he ter opportunity of contemplating the stranger, he was Hith she took special care to conceal by her style of dress. shrunk back with horror at finding himself close by the more than ever intoxicated by her beauty. Her face was - Irving's Dead Alive stalks from the guillotine to guillotine. It was the height of the reign of terror, when pale, but of a dazzling fairness, set off by a profusion of

bridal bed, which some of our readers may think this dreadful instrument of death stood ever ready, and its raven hair that hung clustering about it. Her eyes were improvement, as the exit of the lady was certainly scaffold was continually running with the blood of the large and brilliant, with a singular expression that apIgre genteel; besides which, it is more interesting, as it virtuous and the brave. It had that very day been actively proached almost to wildness. As far as her black dress ved soope for that appalling catastrophe-the head falling employed in the work of carnage, and there it stood in permitted her shape to be seen, it was of perfect synimetry. and rolling on the floor.--Edit. Kal.

grim array amidst a silent and sleeping city, waiting for Her whole appearance was highly striking, though she fresh victims.

was dressed in the simplest style. The only thing ap: HE ADVENTURE OF A GERMAN STUDENT. “ Wolfgang's heart sickened within him, and he was proaching to an ornament which she wore was a broad

turning shuddering from the horrible engine, when he black band round her neck, clasped by diamonds. **On a stormy night, in the tempestuous times of the beheld a shadowy form cowering as it were at the foot “ The perplexity now commenced with the student how rench Revolution, a young German was returning to his of the steps which led up to the scaffold. A succession of to dispose of the helpless being thus thrown upon his proIgings, at a late hour, across the old part of Paris. vivid flashes of lightning revealed it more distinctly. It |tection. He thought of abandoning his chamber to her, lightning gleamed, and the loud claps of thunder was a female figure, dressed in black. She was seated on and seeking shelter for himself elsewhere. Still he was teled through the lofty narrow streets;—but I should first one of the lower steps of the scaffold, leaning forward, her so fascinated by her charms, there seemed to be such a 3 you something about this young German.

face hid in her lap, and her long dishevelled tresses hang- spell upon his thoughts and senses, that he could not tear Gottfried Wolfgang was a young man of good family. ing to the ground, streaming with the rain which fell in himself from her presence. Her manner, too, was sine had studied for some time at Göttingen, but, being of torrents. Wolfgang paused. There was something awful gular and unaccountable. She spoke no more of the visionary and enthusiastic character, he had wandered in this solitary monument of wo. The female had the guillotine. Her grief had abated. The attentions of the 13 those wild and speculative doctrines which have so appearance of being above the common order. He knew student had first won her confidence, and then, apparently, les bewildered German students. His secluded life, his the times to be full of vicissitude, and that many'a

fair her heart. She was evidently an enthusiast like himself, tense application, and the singular nature of his studies, head, which had once been pillowed on down, now wan. and enthusiasts soon understand each other.

.“ In the infatuation of the moment Wolfgang avowed or supply his wants, then his heart is indeed ready to sink subject) seem alike determinately silent. This lack of c his passion for her. He told her the story of his myste. within him; then is presented a scene which calls forth ticism, so injurious to the artists, rious dream, and how she had possessed his heart before the most strenuous exertions of benevolence.-In a large he had ever seen her. She was strangely affected by his and populous town like Liverpool, numerous are the in

"Who show their works for profit and for praise, " recital, and acknowledged to have felt

an impulse toward stances of this distressing nature; and although the com- and so unlike what has occurred during other exhibition him equally unaccountable. It was the time for wild passion of individuals might obtain some mitigation for a (particularly the last, when the different editors vied wi were done away; every thing was under the sway

of the means of remedying the various and extensive evils exista -selves or correspondents,) has furnished grave subject theory and wild actions. Old prejudices and superstitions few of these cases, yet nothing could so well supply the each other in publishing the observations either of the • Goddess of reason.' 'Among other rubbish of the old ing among the poor, as the establishment of those public times, the forms and ceremonies of marriage began to be hospitals where advice and skill, medicine and accommo- remark for those who are anxious to have the public a considered superfluous bonds for honourable minds. So- dation, are provided to meet the exigencies of the sufferer. tention directed to their favourite artists, and various ha cial compacts were the vogue. Wolfgang was too much Such, doubtless, were the generous sentiments which been the reasons assigned for it; but one which is cale of a theorest not to be tainted by the liberal doctrines of animated the founders of this institution. With a libe lated to do much injury to the arts, and which I regret the day.

Why should we separate ?' said he ; our hearts are edifice, irite which they invited the sons of disease and say appears to be the prevailing one, is, that the pres united; in the eye of reason and honour we are as one. sorrow to enter : there the anguish of pain has found re-exhibition is so much inferior to the last, that it is not con What 'need is there of sordid forms to bind high souls lief, and the poor man has enjoyed the benefit of that dered worthy of critical notice. That this opinion is erroi together?'

medical skill and of those comforts which, in many coun. ous, will be freely admitted by all who are competent to ** The stranger listened with emotion : she had evidently tries, fall to the lot of the rich alone, Nor did the foun- ter into the merits of several of the pictures exhibited, a received illumination at the same school.

“... You have no home nor family, continued he ; ' let isting, but extending their benevolent wishes to a distant who will take the trouble to judge for themselves ; me be every thing to you, or rather let us be every thing period, they established their Institution on a scale so there are so many who, tospare themselves that labour, pli to one another. If form is necessary, form shall be obocomprehensive as for a considerable time to keep pace implicit reliance on the opinions of others, or, as the p served there is my hand. I pledge myself to you for with the growing prosperity of the town. That prosperity expresses it, “ of pictures jurige by other people's ey ever.'

has at length, however, exceeded their most sanguine ex. that however absurd it may seem to some, or however u " . For ever?' said the stranger solemnly.

pectations, and has caused such an increase of the ". For ever!' repeated Wolfgang.

lation, that the former buildings are now inadequate to necessary it appear to the artists, (who might deem it “: The stranger clasped the hand extended to her : the many urgent cases of distress which require admission infringement on their proper dignity to contradict a sta! • Then I am yours,' murmured she, and sunk upon his into the House. It has, therefore, been found necessary ment so palpably untrue,) it still seems to me becessai bosom.

to erect a new Infirmary, which is calculated for the re- it should be publicly contradicted. It is true, I must ** The next morning, the student left his bride sleeping, ception of from 200 to 220 patients, and which will, it is candour confess, that the exhibition this year, taken a and sallied forth at an early hour to seek more spacious hoped, be long found sufficient for the relief of all those whole, has not answered my expectations; but this apartments, suitable to the change in his situation. When whose cases require such assistance. It will also form an he returned, he found the stranger lying with her head additional ornament to our town, now distinguished by so more owing to the scarcity of good subjects than from s hanging over the bed, and one arm thrown over it. He many monuments of the liberality and public spirit of its want of merit in those exhibited ; and, indeed, it grows spoke to her, but received no reply. He advanced to inhabitants. But here it may be proper to observe, that, much into favour on repeated visits, that I have had N awaken ber from her uneasy posture. On taking her as the object of the

truly charitable is to relieve distress, son to conclude my first disappointment was owing to hand, it was cold-there was no pulsation; her face was and not merely to gratify the taste, the Committee on pallid and ghastly. In a word, she was a corpse. whom the management of the new building devolved, hopes having been too high raised, and my expectatil

" Horrified and frantic, he alarmed the house. A scene would probably not have considered themselves justified too sanguinely excited by the talent displayed last ye of confusion ensued. The police was summoned. As the in erecting so handsome an edifice as the new Infirmary, made me expect more than probability would justify th officer of police entered the room, he started back on had they not (in exchange for the old buildings,

and the I had been informed before the opening of the exhibitio

land behind them) obtained so liberal a grant froin the that the pictures sent in were numerous, so much so, th ho. Great heaven!" cried he,'« how did this woman come Corporation, whose munificent improvements have, espre several had been rejected; I was therefore much surpris here?'

"Do you know any thing about her ?' said Wolfgang convenience, and the beauty of the town. Yet, notwith to find the space unoccupied greater than at any forme eagerly.

standing the extent of this grant, a large sum will be re-exhibition, and on inquiring of a friend, (more initiate Do I,' exclaimed the police officer;' she was guil. quired to complete and furnish the new House. This in academic secrets than I am) he assured me my info lotined yesterday.'

“ He stepped forward; undid the black colour round would cause a most serious diminution, and must occasion mation was correct, but believed the subjects rejected wa the neck of the corpse, and the head rolled on the floor! a correspondent decrease in the annual income. The copies. Yet this could not, I should think, be the ca

“ The student burst into a phrenzy: The fiend! the Committee, therefore, rely on the libera of the friends else it reflects little credit on the discernment of the cu fiend has gained possession of me!' shrieked he; 'I am of the Institution, that they will, by a generous effort, not mittee, since copies still remain; and if it was for Fast lost for ever!'

only provide the requisite amount in donations, but also, merit they were rejected, they must have been wretch " They tried to soothe him, but in rain. He was pos- by new and increased annual subscriptions, meet that aug: indeed to be worse than a few that disgrace the pres sessed with the frightful belief that an evil spirit had re- mentation of expense which, notwithstanding the strictest animated the dead body to ensnare him. He went dis- economy, must' necessarily attend the extension of the exhibition. I could, too, find fault with the Picto tracted, and died in a mad-house.

Charity. Ac periods when the commerce of Liverpool arrangement, (an important feature in an exhibition) & Here the old gentlemen with the haunted head finished was in a less flourishing state, and agriculture was also is superintended by a committee consisting of the o his narrative.

" • And is this really a fact ?' said the inquisitive gen- when the town is rising so considerably in magnitude and able artists, and consequently should display a depth tleman.

commercial prosperity, and when the agricultural inte judgment sufficient to convey some idea of their skill " • A fact not to be doubted,' replied the other. I rests are likewise improving, the Committee doubt not ability. That the distribution of the pictures in the p had it from the best authority. The studert told it me their fellow-townsmen, and the neighbouring gentlemen, sent fails to do this, I scruple not to assert, und and himself. I saw him in a mad-house at Paris.*)

will make their charitable exertions keep pace with the vinced a more skilful arrangement would have much i

increase of their own comforts and enjoyments. May they anecdote related to me, and said to exist in print in French experience the truth of that encouraging declaration, dic- neither regularity of arrangement

nor judgment as toch "* The latter part of the above story is founded on an freely extend a liberal hand, and may they then selves proved the

general effect of the exhibition, since then I have not met with in print."

tated by Divine wisdom and benevolence, “It is more distribution, where the light would be such as to blessed to give than to receive."

with the intended effect. I should not blame the The Philanthropist.

bers of the academy for securing the best situation Fine Arts.

their own works, when this could be done without it

ing the necessary order and regularity of the arrangem REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE LIVERPOOL INFIRMARY.

[See a note to correspondents.]

but to sacrifice every other consideration for it, is, I thi ON THE LIVERPOOL EXHIBITION OF PAINTINGS, &c justly blamable. That this has been done, will be Among the numerous advantages of affluence, there is

mitted when it is known that the entire centre one none which excites more lively gratitude to Heaven than

side of the room is taken up by the members' pictu the means which it affords of obtaining advice and assist. ance in the hour of sickness.

those sent in by strangers being placed above or below, When the wound inflicted

" What rage for fame attends both great and small, on a single limb spreads agonizing pains through the

Better be end, than not be named at all.—Pindar."

in fact any where, just (I should conceive) as they al whole frame, or a disease which we cannot comprehend,

to hand. This, as may be supposed, causes a most i fills us with apprehensions of fatal consequences, we raise SiR,—That the exhibition of the Liverpool Royal Aca- gular appearance; do matching either of frames, sutja an imploring eye towards those whom science has blessed demy is now open, we are told by the newspaper adver- or sizes, (though these things are particularly attended with the power of administering reliefTheir aid raises tisements and the large bills placarded about the town; in the London

exhibitions, and thus we have an histor the drooping spirits; the comforts of domestic life are but was it not for the information

they conocy, we might subject, a landscape, a portrait, a fruit piece, and a do tasted with a higher relish, and the voice of love and friendship is more consoling and delightful. But when to

to this time have remained ignorant that an opportunity ing, each of very different dimensions, placed by e the pains of sickness are added the horrors of poverty: was now afforded of marking

the progress of the arts in other. The appearance, as may naturally be expected

, when the sufferer pines away in obscurity, unseen and un- this town, by a survey of the works of our artists, since the ridiculous, and should serve as a caution at another ex heard; when no kind relative is near to soothe his sorrows public prints (the proper vehicles of information on this 'bition.




I believe, minerally wished and expected that nity, Military and Naval Officers, Lord Mayors of London, , parliaments; and may refuse his assent to any bill passed e portrait of his Royal Highness the Duke of York, Aldermen, Sheriffs of Counties, Common Council Men, &c. by both houses, without giving his reason for it

He may increase the number of members of either house step received from London, would have appeared in this &c. In the accounts of each of these different ranks or pro

fessions, the duties of their respective offices is pointed out, at pleasure, by creating new peers, and bestowing privi. abibition. I, amongst others, expected to see it here, illustrated with many interesting historical particulars of leges on other towns for sending burgesses to parliament: sd felt mach surprise and disappointment at not meeting their origin and contiguity. At the end of each section the but the last has by late kings been given up. The sole with it

, since I am aware it would have added consider reader is instructed how to address each by his proper title, power of conferring dignities and honours is entrusted to Ile attraction, and, no doubt, have increased the attend-in speaking and by letter. The distinctions in the crowns of him : so that all degrees of nobility and knighthood, and

the various grades of nobility is also shown, by engravings, other titles, are received by immediate grant from the sce: indeed, I think it might even yet prove serviceable, which we shall copy as we proceed with the work. We thank crown. And the king has also the prerogative of confersad I am not aware that the Common Council have any c. for the loan of it; and shall proceed forthwith to avail ring privileges upon private persons; such as granting objections to its being exhibited. ourselves of his politeness.

place or precedence to any of his subjects; such is also Having now exhausted my 'stock of complaints, it is

the power to enfranchise an alien and make him a de. proper I should enter into the merits of the collection this A BOOK, explaining

the RANKS and DIGNITIES nizen, and the prerogative

of erecting corparations. The gear exhibited ; and this I am most willing to do, it being

of BRITISH SOCIETY: intended chiefly for the coining of money, too, as well as the seitling the denoinstruction of Young Persons.

mination or value for which it shall pass current is the act at all times more agreeable to me to commend than to


of the sovereign power. But to take all the characters blame, where I can do so consistently with truth and can

into view in which the king is considered in domestic al. cour; and, indeed, there are several pictures in this col


fairs, would be almost endless; for from thence an abunLection that will afford ample scope for commendation;

dant number of prerogatives arise. All lands recovered from pictures of great excellence, and that would grace the Judge Blackstone, is vested by our laws in a single person, him. He can unite, separate, enlarge, or contract, the limits

the sea, gold and silver mines, royal fishes, &c. belong to

of Sisest collections of modern art. To these I will speedily the King or Queen ; for it matters not to which sex the of ecclesiastical benefices; and, by his letters, erect new refet

, naming (as they occur in the catalogue) such as 1 crown descends: but the person entitled to it, whether bishopricks, colleges, &c. He can dispense with the deem most deserving of attention, and briefly pointing out male or female, is immediately invested with all the rigour of ecclesiastical laws, except those which have been

confirmed by act of parliament, or declared by the bill of their particular merits. I may here observe, that my in- ensigns, rights, and

prerogatives of sovereign power. Ez a public censor, an office for which I have neither incli- now been long established, and has proved a good pre- ment by the House of Commons ; and to interpret, by his teation is ware to provoke criticism than to set up myself to have been elective. But hereditary succession has law according to equity; to pardon a man condemned by

In the earliest periods of our history the crown appears rights. He has also power to moderate the rigour of the zation or ability; and if any one else, better qualified, servative against that periodical bloodshed and misery, ad offered, I would willingly have remained silent. The which both history and experience bave long shown are judges, in statutes and cases which are not defined by law. First, both in number and merit, is, the consequences of elective kingdoms. The crown de.

But though he be entrusted with the whole executive No 1. Ulswater, from Patterdale (D. Williamson, not till the

failure of the male issue is it allowed to be court ; for justice must be administered according to the scends lineally to the

issue of the reigning monarch, and power of the law, yet he cannot sit in judgment in any most delightful landscape, and, in my opinion, as fine taken by the female.

powers committed and distributed to the several courts. is any in the collection : for rich mellowness of tint, and Lawyers say, the King of England is a mixed person,

As the king is declared to be the supreme head in mat. 1 beautiful masterly style of handling, this artist stands a priest as well as a prince; and at his coronation he is ters both civiland ecclesiastical ; so no suit can be brought miralled. A little more force in the fore-grounds would, anointed with oil, as the priests and kings of Israel were, against him. even in civil matters, because no court can to intimate that his person is sacred.

have jurisdiction over him. The law also ascribes to think, assist the distant objects, and add greatly to the theral effect of his landscapes.

The principal duty of the king is to govern his people the king, in his political capacity, absolute perfection.

according to law; and these are the terms of the oath ad. The king can do no wrong. By which ancient and 2. Eli receiving the infaut Samuel. The finest picture ministered usually by the Archbishop of Canterbury, at fundamental maxim we are not to understand, that a the exhibition. The figure of Eli is the most promi- his coronation, in the presence of the people, who on their every transaction of government is of course just and lent ; the others being made, most properly, subordinate parts do reciprocally take the oath of allegiance to the lawful; but that whatever is exceptionable in the con

duct of public affairs is not to be imputed to the king, nit . The attitude of this figure, and the expression of

The Archbishop, or Bishop, shall say, will you solemnly por is he answerable for it personally to his people; and eface, are admirably pourtrayed. The devout adoration promise and swear to govern the people

of this kingdom farther, that the prerogative of the crown extends not to the father is well depicted. This picture has evidently of England, and the dominions thereto belonging, ac- do any injury. It is created for the benefit of the people

, sea painted some time, but age has not impaired its cording to the statutes in parliament agreed on, and the and therefore cannot be exerted to their prejudice. "In eauties. laws and customs of the same? The King or Queen shall fore no delay will bar his right. In the king also there

the king, likewise, there can be no negligence, and there. say, I solemnly promise so to do. 4. Veaus placing the quiver on Cupid's back (H. Ho. vard , R. A.) A delightful specimen of rich Titianesque law and justice, in mercy, to be executed in all your judg- him. His death is termed his demise, because the crown

can be no infamy, stain, or corruption of blood. And Archbishop, or Bishop-Will you to your power cause the law ascribes a kind of perpetuity, or immortality to blouring. The back of the Venus is admirable, but I ments ? Ring or Queen, I will. much better, and the significant arch expression of his of the gospel, and the Protestant reformed religion estas his heir is king, fully and absolutely, without any coro

Archbishop, or Bishop-Will you to the utmost of is thereby demised to another. He is not in law liable to S tot consider the attitude of the figure good : the Cupid your power maintain the laws of God, the true profession death, being a corporation of himself that lives for ever. is inimitable.

Portrait (G. Sheffield.) This gentleman's portraits bishops and clergy of this realm, and to the churches com. nation, ceremony, &c. To these it may be added, that, sesa very considerable merit: his attitudes are easy, mitted to their charge, all such rights and privileges as by by the law, the king is said, in a manner to be every where are well drawn, and painted with a degree of freedom King or Queen, All this I promise to do. law do or shall appertain unto them or any of them? in all courts of judicature, which he alone has the right

of erecting, and therefore cannot be consuited. The dom to be found in the productions of so young an

After this, the King or Queen, laying his or her hand power of issuing proclamations is vested in the king it. The colouring is the worst part about them, though upon the holy gospels, shall say, The things which I have alone

, considered as the fountain of justice. The laws by no means bad'; it is of too cold a tone, and scarce here before promised, I will perform and keep: so help make it bigh treason barely to imagine or intend iciently opaque: a little study of the old masters would me God. And then shall kiss the book.

the death of the king ; and because the destruction Ble him to remedy this defect, and prove of essential tain and definite limitation of the king's prerogative, the officers, it is felony in any of the king's subjects to forma

One of the principal bulwarks of our liberty, is the cer- of the king may ensue that of his great counsellors or edit to him. No. 163 (portrait of a gentleman) is his extent and restrictions of which are marked out with the spire even that. Some things, however

, there are which greatest clearness. But in the exertion of those powers the king canno: do. He cannot divest himself or sucsi, as I am fearful of exceeding the limits you gene- which the law has given him, the king is irresistible and cessor of any part of the regal prerogative or authority.

allow for one communication, I shall now conclude, absolute; He is considered by the laws of England as the And, in particular, there are two things which he cannot wil, with your permission, resume next week my in virtue of this authority, he convenes, prorogues, rehead and supreme governor of the national church; and, do, without the consent of parliament-the making of

new laws, and the raising of new taxes. The king cansees of the pictures.--I am, Sir, yours, &c. breat George-square.

strains, regulates, and dissolves all ecclesiastical synods or pot dispense with the laws, nor do any thing contrary to A CONNOISSEUR. conoveations. He has the supreme right of patronage over law. In England the law is as much superior to the king,

all ecclesiastical benefices; and if they are not presented as to any of his subjects: and the obedience of the king of The Phenir.

to within the time prescribed, their lapse becomes the ad- England to the laws, is his greatest glory, while it is the vantage of the crown. In regard to foreign concerns, the security of the rights and liberties of his people, who are

king is the delegate or representative of his people. He the greatest as well as the freest people on the face of the useful little work, which we are about to present to has power, by his prerogative, without any act of parlia- carth, merely because their sovereigns are obliged to live waters in weekly portions, has been presented to us for ment, to make war or peace, conclude treaties, grant safe in subjection to the written laws of the land. arpose of reprinting it, in whole or in part; and, upon conducts, give commissions for raising and regulating

The title of Grace was first given to our kings about the 13 uver its contents, we are of opinion that we shall fleets and armies, as well as for

erecting, manning time of Henry IV. and that of Majesty first to Henry was very acceptable service by laying the greater part of and governing forts, and other places of strength. He VIII. The title of his present Majesty is, George the atents before our readers; because, although it professes can prohibit the exportation of arms and ammunition Third, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain lateaded chiefly for the instruction of young persons, it out of the kingdom ; can dispose of magazines, castles, I and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Sovereign of the pruch useful information on subjects, the knowledge ships, public moneys, &c.; and all that is done in regard Orders of the Garter, Thistle, Bath, and St. Patrick;

bis in constant requisition, although much neglected to foreign powers by the royal authority, is the act of the Duke and Elector of Brunswick Lunenburgh, Bishop of works treats of the functions, rank, and precedency of whole nation. He has the sole power of sending ambas. Osnaburg, and Arch Treasurer of the Holy Roman ing. Lord Chancellor, Dukes, Earls, Viscounts, Bishops, sadors to foreign states, and receiving ambassadors at Empire. , linighta, Judges, Barristers at Law, Doctors of Divi- ' home. He convokes, adjourns, prorogues, and dissolves

[To be continued.]

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