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Dave any thing to communicate. The state of feeling, the first periodical work of a literary nature in this in- | In some instances, indeed, the description of petty tyranny, eith which she calculated the probable time of Robert's creasing town; and to you, therefore, I am desirous of which was exercised over their talented dependants, by returo, may easily be imagined: she had her eyes almost paying the tribute of whatever my humble labours may men who merely professed a taste for letters to gain themincessantly fixed on the spot whence she expected the have produced, as to a benefactor to the well-informed selves credit in an age when it was deemed an essential gagnal, until she actually perceived it. It was early in the part of the community, with the hope, also, of inducing requisite to the character of every nobleman, or mainZorning, and she could have wished to set off forthwith ; others to contribute their more powerful efforts in the tained, or at least countenanced, a number of poor gebut she had to wait for the asual hour, and time had never same line; and thus to give your miscellany a character niuses, for the gratification of their own ostentation, was bung more heavily upon her : the signal both comforted of permanent value, that may place it upon a footing with of a nature too galling for any one to endure who was not and alarmed her ; because she feared that it might be per. the Spectators and Ramblers of a former century.

restrained from resenting it by the consciousness that his ceived by the old woman as well as herself: she was un- Should the present inclosure prove acceptable, I will only hope of public support and favour depended upon the usually friendly towards her, and she even engaged her send similar ones weekly: and if you think them worth will of his capricious patron. And I think that the effects in a conversation, for the sake of occupying her attention, printing, please to allow them to appear regularly, as any of this may be observed in several of the works of the au. and preventing her from approaching the window. At other arrangement would defeat my principal object, thors of that age; in which, although they contain proofs last, the longed-for hour struck, and she left her prison for which is, as I have already mentioned, to improve the pe- of deep learning and brilliant wit, the fancy of the writer the last time: with a beating heart she descended the riodical publications of the day; and this motive, I trust, seems, as it were, oppressed and chained down by the fear steps; and as soon as she had passed the threshold of the will plead my excuse for this trouble from

of unwittingly offending the prejudices of the person on mansion her feet seemed scarcely to touch the ground;

Yours, &c.

whom he depended. she reached the cottage in a few moments, and sank July 16, 1824.

Προτρεπτρικος. .

It is the boast of the present day that we have a decided breathless into the arms of her lorer. She was long before

superiority over our ancestors in the comparative indepenshe could so far recover, as even to bear what he said : he

dence of our authors. It is to this superiority, supposed

"Librorum inopiam quæreris, urged the necessity of their immediate departure, and

Non refert quám multos habeas sed quam bonos :

or real, that we owe the immense number of works, of all stated that all was in readiness: she made an effort to fol.

classes and descriptions, with which the press teems. The The changes since the last hundred years, in the pur- public now, almost universally, reads and judges for itself, , Baron appeared with pistols in his hand. Robert grasped suits and character of English writers generally, have been without watching for the sanction of any noble literati ;

so material that they merit our particular observation; and and, whatever be the nature of a publication, it stands a his sword: but a shot fell, and Louisa sank to the ground. When she recovered it was night; but the glimmering of as the literary character of the nation

depends almost er: fair chance of enjoying general estimation or otherwise, dim lamp showed her where she was ; the fishing uten- clusively upon the exertions of this class

, a few remarks

according to its intrinsic merits or demerits; and, unless sile , on the wall, remiuded her of what had preceded her upon these changes may not prove uninteresting.

it embrace subjects of a political or theological nature, I The tone which the literature of a country assumes, is think, pretty commonly, is judged of impartially. fit; she looked on the ground, and Robert lay at her feet, with a fractured skull: her garments were covered with produced by two distinct combinations ;-viz. the cha

This universality (if I may so term it) of reading, opehis blood.

racters of those who supply the reading public, and the rates visibly on the character of those who furnish maA ay of horror escaped her; but only one : she ran description and numbers of those who constitute this terials for it: the number of books written diminishes, in mechanically towards the door ; but it was locked. reading public.

the eyes of the public, as well as in those of the authors The fisherman bad not liked her empty letter ; but,

In the former class, the almost total change which may themselves, the previously-supposed magnitude of the un. knowing the baunts of the drunken footman in Ragusa, character of the writers of the present day, (I am to be necessary for a man who becomes an author. But, as

now be remarked is, I think, unfavourable to the general dertaking; and now no great preparation is considered he had offered to sell his secret for a reasonable compensa understood to speak generally,) who, though their pum. formerly the very comparative scarcity of publications tisa; and all was betrayed to the Baron. The letter was bers are almost trebled, will suffer much if compared with made an author, who was once successful, celebrated sealed again, and forwarded to Robert's address; whilst the Baron concealed himself in the neighbourhood until the authors of a century ago. At

that period, the "mak. for life, and thus increased the number of those who his arrival: the meeting of the lovers was announced to ing of a book” was a work of a more formidable nature selected the path of writing as a profession, in the hope him by the double-dealing wretch, upon whom they had than it is at present ;-the greater scarcity of publications of acquiring such fame, with the addition of the more relied; and the young man became the victim of his rendered any

one who appeared in this manner before the solid advantages

arising from it; so the number of the enemy. The latter had already cocked the second pistol, world more exposed to observation and censure; and it is books now written has a decidedly contrary tendency. to destroy also the unfortanate female ; when it struck to this cause that we are to refer the preparations of study. The business of bookmaking" is not, by any him, that that punishment would be too lenient, and that and observation of human nature, which were then means

, exclusively followed as a profession, except in * i slow death answered his revengeful purpose much better. thought necessary to qualify a man for commencing this few solitary instances; and,

instead of authors,

par He withdrew with the grin of satisfied malice ; and his then comparatively arduous undertaking. Every one who

métier,” we have writers in every class of life, noblemen, expectation was not disappointed. After three hours of wrote in those days (with very few exceptions) made writ

. soldiers, sailors, clergymen, carpenters, merchants, and gooy, the sufferer was, prematurely, delivered of a life-ing his profession; and no one dared to assume it without mechanics

(not to mention shepherds, and shoemakers' aples child : and she expired on the body of its murdered having previously completed a course of study, similar to prentices) all “wield their little sickles ;" and all seem 60 father, whom she embraced even in death.

that which is now thought only necessary to one who is expect that, however small the pains they have taken, they The Baron was attacked by a frightful malady some about to embrace one of those called, as it were par emi. shall reap the rich harvest of fame, which should only

fall Fears afterwards, and it was only then that he thought of nence," learned professions. At the same time the aspirants into the lap of those who have merited it by their

unwes. t-spening the fatal hut: the bodies were buried, and a for this description of literary fame were mostly young ried and strenuous exertions, “ in ludo literario." kapel Fas erected on the spot, in which masses were cele men of narrow circumstances, who looked forward to :

of these works, by far the greater part are, as they kated for the souls of the departed. This is the chapel permanent subsistence, as well as to the enjoyment of ho- deserve

to be, only of an ephemeral duration; others occupy ich the gilded cross, on the passage from Milete to nour and reputation, from their literary labours; which the public attention for a short time ; and but few, like

consideration induced them to pay attention not only to productions of the authors of the last century, continue to

the severer pursuits of learning, but also to general topics, be valued more as they grow better known ; whose existLiterature, Criticism, &c.

and which formed them at once men of the world and ence is coeval with the English language, and, to have

men of letters. This class of persons was, at that time, written which, insures an immortality of renown to the ENGLISH LITERATURE.

particularly designated by the term of "wits:” it is now author which envy cannot obscure, and to which the lapse

extinct, and we may seek, in vaid, for a body of men of succeeding ages will only add increased brilliancy. TO THE EDITOR.

capable of supplying the hiatus in the world of letters SIR,- sabmit the short essay which accompanies these which its extinction has occasioned. ines to your adoption or refusal, for the Kaleidoscope. If But, at the period which I have mentioned, the public, Rob Roy. Ever desirous to cherish literary inquiries nu consider it worth insertion, I mean to furnish you in general, was not a reading body; and the reception of on the part of our correspondents, we give place to the ith similar ones on different subjects for sometime. any new work depended, in a great measure, upon the sup- of our readers

:-" Long before the publication of the My motive for sending you this "opusculum," does port of some distinguished personage, who frequently per- Scots Novel of Rob Roy, the pedigree of the English * arise from any consciousness of its merit, but from a formed the part of a Mæcenas to several men of talent, poet, David Mallet, who died in 1765, is thus traced by tairs to turn the attention of wiser heads than mine to and this state of things, although it reflected the highest Dr. Johnson, in his Lives of the Poets. Mallet was by his branch of literature, on which our ancestors so use possible honour upon the patrons, and gave to their

par- his original, one of the Macgregors, a clan that became, ally and successfully exerted their talents, and which 1 suits a tone far higher than that of the generality of our about sixty years ago, under the conduct of Robin Roy, are often lamented to observe so much neglected in the present doblemen, yet, in some degree, cramped the that the name was annulled by a legal abolition ; aná resent day.

energies of the writers themselves, by restricting them to when they were all to denominate themselves anew, the It is to your honour, Mr. Editor, to have established subjects which were likely to gratify their noble patrons father, I suppose, of this author, called himself Malloch."

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Firm is the accent of Tyranny's speech,
Firm is the hold of the blood-thirsty leech,

The Beauties of Chess.
Firm is the rock which you ocean defies,

Ludimus effigiem belli"............ VIDA.
When dashing around it the billows arise;
But firmer than all, whilst my heart's blood shall flow,

SOLUTION TO GAME V.
Is the love that to thee, dearest country, I owe.

White.

Black.

Castle....D-3
Noble the lion o'er beasts of the field,

King....-8
Poetry.
Noble the glory that honour may yield,

Castle,....D–7

King ....G-8 Noble the cause for which warriors contend,

King.....E-8

King....H-8

Castle....H-7+ King....G-7
THE VOICE OF TIME.
When they fight, blessed Liberty's cause to defend;

Pawn ....F-7+CHECKMATE.
But nobler, and firmer, and stronger must be
The voice of Time on the breeze of night
The heart, dearest land, all-devoted to thee.

NEW GAME.
Like a dying scream arose;

LEIGH WALDEGRAVE.

[NO. VI.) And the mourner woke from his slumber so light, His slumber of brief repose !

The Drama.

White to move and give checkmate in five moves,

out moving his own king. The voice of time on the breeze of morn, Like the shout of Liberty came;

THE THEATRE.

Black.
And the rose was gathered, forgotten its thorn,
So sparkled Hope's meteor flame.

у 8 р а н н э Н The voice of Time, from his slumbers so drear,

Truly this is a wondrous age. What with “INFANT Aroused the spectre king;

PRODIGIES,” “INFANT LYRAS,” and the long catalogue And o'er the pale corse, on its sable-clad bier,

of infantile et cæteras with which the world just now Fair Flora her sweetest did fling!

abounds, an indifferent spectator would imagine, if not

“ chaos come again,” at least an universal state of childThe voice of Time, like the rebeck of joy,

hood. We have great as well as tiny babies; have had Pealed forth an exulting sound;

their sable Sandwich Majesties (peace to their manes !) While trembled the tear in the bride's blue eye,

and have- Miss Clara Fisher. What then have we not? And flowers were scattered around.

Why, verily, a well-filled theatre, which, under existing

circumstances, is not the least marvellous among the The voice of Time, like the maddening shriek

many strange things that surround us. And hence it of the boding owlet rose,

is, we presume, that our managers have re-engaged And then did the heart of the wanderer break,

whom think ye, reader? MR. HUNT! Our theatrical And he sank to his last repose.

firmament will soon resemble the serene canopy of high

sparkling heaven, on a calm frost-hoary evening; for The voice of Time, on the listening ear,

poor Mr. Bass, is really even now, obliged to have our In silvery accents broke;

numerous illuminating ladies and gentlemen of the metroFor it whispered the absent were hastening near,

polis, enumerated on a delicate little slip of fair hot presAnd dear was the promise it spoke.

sed foolscap, in order that he may each night announce

them in due order to-vacant boxes, a pit scarcely oneThe voice of Time on the midnight blast third full, and galleries occupied to the fourth range of

A B C D E F G H Yelled shrilly and dismal to hear, forms. Ere long there will probably be two bills a day

WHITE. For the loved and the lover had looked their last,

published; separating more effectually and becomingly the

London worthies from the Liverpool ill-favoured; the one And the parting hour was near! now issued, will very shortly lack space for the many dis

Advertisements. The voice of Time like a requiem arose

tinguished names yet to adorn it, embellished, as it is That wails for the parted dead;

already with those of : Mr. Knight, Mr. Browne, Mr. THEATRE DU PETIT LAZARY DE PARIS, DE MESSE For the semblance of Friendship did Falsehood disclose, Hunt, Mr. Meadows, Miss Clara Fisher, Miss Smithson, Miss Forde, and Mrs. Bunn."

T:

THIS EVENING (Monday) the 9th inst, and ever And Love to Elysium filed! The performances of last week were The Heir at Law, representation

of HARLEQUIN SWALLOWED BY TH

evening during the week, Saturday excepted, a brillia The voice of Time, the transporting voice,

The Merchant of Venice,

The Poor Gentleman, The Mar- WHALE, a grand comic Spectacle, illustrated byłnumero Bade the season of trial end;

riage of Figaro, and The Young Quaker; the great Metamorphoses, Dances, Ballets, changes of scenery, u Oh! then did the weary sojourner rejoice,

source of attraction being, of course, "THE INFANT And hosannas to heaven ascend! PRODIGY.” Whether it was that this infatuating species the 11th, a beautiful View of the

on Monday, the 9th, Tuesday, the 10th, and Wednesday of magnetism proved less potent than had been contem

PORT AND CITY OF CADIZ. Soon the voice of Time shall be heard no more, plated, or that the unfavourable state of the weather oppe- enriched with a number of moving objects, steam-vese

This animated representation, of admirable execution, And its echoes shall die away;

Fated to the disadvantage of the theatre, certain it is that &c. con Thursday the 12th, and Friday the 13th, thile viel And the bark that now rocks to the wild billows' roar, people remained quietly at home in lieu of having their will be withdrawn for a beautiful view of the

little of common sense voluntarily outraged, and witness together with several other novelties, which will be ! Sail calm on a summer-bright sea!

ing the most reputable of their country's authors shame-nounced in the Bills of the day, till the final close of And for time shall the voice of Eternity sound lessly burlesqued.

Theatre of the Petit Lazary. Like the waves on a rock-covered coast;

Our meed of applause is freely and unequivocally Doors to be opened at half past Seven, and the performan When the trumpet's dread peal o'er creation's wide bound, awarded to Miss Clara Fisher's precocious genius, as such. to commence at half-past Eight precisely.

Her Mowbrays, Actress of all Work, and other similar Shall thy fetters, mortality, burst!

MUSIC-HALI, BOLD-STREET. performances, scarcely admit of improvement; but it Oh! then shall the heart that has long withered here would be insulting to the meanest capacity to laud her

Revive to the beatings of joy;
And forbidden to flow the now fast-falling tear,

No innate excellence, no stretch of imagination, can pos-
Bright sparkle the sorrow-dimm'd eye!

sibly reconcile trust to the palpable absurdity of somere Wille repeat his EXTRAORDINARYSE PARA Liverpool

G.

revengeful Jew; who, by the way, is a father, too. No- sVERY EVENING during ThIS WEEK, at the REDUCE
thing could exceed the ludicrous effect produced by Miss the unrivalled EVOLUTIONS of Monsieur FELIX TESTO

Clara Fisher's hectoring injunctions to her comparatively Body of the Hall, 23. Gallery, 1s.
AMOR PATRIÆ

amazonian daughter, Miss Hammersley. Jessica seemed Doors open at Half-past seven, and commence at Hal

indeed a sorry coward, her little mighty papa another past Eight.-Tickets to be had at the Printers, of Mr. WILL Strong is the war horse in battle array,

Hercules strangling asps in his cradle. We may, per- Bold-street, and of Mons. BARNET, No. 20, Basnett-street, Strong is the mountain that never gives way,

THE INFANT LYRA. haps, be permitted to observe, also, that Miss Fisher apStrong is the faith which can tortures withstand;

yond that of childhood ; for to us it certainly sounds comply with the solicitations of many friends, will resume

pears somewhat long in progressing towards a state be- THE Parents of LITTLE LYRA, grateful for But stronger the love that I bear to the land,

rather singular to be told, year after year, that this young This Day (Monday) the Exhibition of the little prodigy Where I first drank the light of the glorious day,

lady remains an infant. As she is an “infant PRO- traordinary performance on the HARP, at the LYCEUN LI Where I first saw the beauty of Luna's mild ray.

DIGY,” however, we suppose that amongst the most TURE ROOM, Bold-street, to continue during the week.

peculiar of her astonishing peculiarities, may be classed Half-past Three, and Eight in the Evening, • Ciceronis. M. Marcello. Epist. 7 Lib. 4.-"Nec vero locus this continuing in a state of perpetual infancy.

Admission, 2s. -Children under twelve years of age, hal tibi ullus dulcior esse debet patria: nec eam diligere minus

" Come on, poor babe:

price.-Family Tickets, to admit Four, 5s. -Ticket to ad debes, quod deformior est; sed misereri potius, nec eam multis claris viris orbatum privare etiam aspectu tuo," (a

Some powerful spirit instruct the kites and ravens one at any time, morning or evening, during the week, (nal sentiment worthy the attention of absentees, both English

To be thy nurses!"

transferrable)

6s. and Irish!)

9th August.
THE COUNCIL OF TEN.

Bills of the performance to be had of all the despectabi
Music Sellers.

Astronomy.

almost preclude the hope of ever being able fully to accom- Jupiter passes from Gemini into Cancer. The eclipses plish this desirable purpose. In 1763, several experiments of his Satellites are not visible to us this month.

were made in a “marine chair," invented by Mr. Irwin, Saturn is in the head of the Bull, near e, or right eye, EVENING AMUSEMENTS FOR AUGUST. which excited ardent expectations that observations on and will be in conjunction e Taurus on the 5th day, at

the celestial phenomena might be taken at sea with equal 4 hours. Its appearance throughout the month will be Eclipses of the Moon afford another excellent opportu- steadiness and facility as if the observer were upon land. very interesting: y for determining the longitude, according to the time This chair was suspended or moved in such a manner as The Georgian is still in the head of Sagittarius, and the is which they are observed differing from the first or fixed to yield in every way to the rolling of the vessel. Two occultation, which takes place on the 6th day, will be meridian. Thus: suppose an eclipse (by previous calcu. of these chairs, differently constructed, but acting upon found particularly interesting to those who are in posseslation) to commence at Greenwich at 9 hours, or 9 o'clock the same principle, were tried on board the Princess Louisa, sion of a powerful telescope. "The Moon will have passed in the evening, and the same appearence is witnessed at under the directions of Admiral Tyrrell, and observations the meridian but a few minutes previously. The Georgian the difference of the time for the first being less by two siderable accuracy. Partial success, however, was the will be several small stars near and above the planet, but bours than the time at Greenwich, the longitude of the only result of that and many other inventions; and the they may be distinguished from it by their twinkling light. place of observation is 300 W.; and on the contrary, the simple method of finding the longitude by a time-keeper, At the commencement of the month, at 10h. 3öm. the diference of the last being two hours later than Greenwich and by what is termed lunar observations (of which we constellations on the meridian will be Antinous, from 30° time, the longitude will be 30° E.; for as the Earth in its shall speak next month) have deterred others from making to 40o above the horizon. Over this are Aquila, Sagitta, diumal motion revolves on its axis from West to East, similar trials, though it is much to be regretted that me. Ansor et Vulpecula, the head and left wing of Cygnus, so all places to the eastward must have the Sun's light chanical science bas not been more devoted to the accom- and part of Draco. Below Antinous is Capricornus, and first, and consequently the noon, or mid-day, from which plishment of this object.

near Aquila is Delphinus, both advancing to the meridian ; the hours are reckoned: therefore, when the time is greater Mercury passes from the constellation on Cancer through Pleiades rising NÉ?E., Perseus and Medusa's Head NE.; than Greenwich the longitude will be East, and when Leo into Virgo; Venus passes from Cancer into Leo. above which are Cassiopeia and Cepheus, Aurigo NNEJE. less the longitude will be West. Eclipses of the Moon, They are both too near the Sun for any accurate observa- Aries EbNN. A few minutes afterward Fomalhaut a however, happene so unfrequently, that they are of but tion to be made.

Piscis Australis will rise SEZs. On the 25th, at 10 hours, very litde advantage to the mariner. Occultations of

Phases of the Moon.

Capricornus, Delphinus, and Cygnus will be on the merithe planetary bodies and the Moon with the fixed Stars

First Quarter .....

id. 9b. 54m.

dian; Fomalhaut SSE E. about 5° above the horizon. muy likewise be used for ascertaining the longitude. The

At 10h. som. Aldebaran will rise NEVEJE. the head 0) Full Moon

7 eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites, from their constant recur.

and fore paws of Ursa Major at the lowest depression ( Last Quarter

.17 rence, would afford the readiest and best mode for finding

31

North. The stars in the right hand of Perseus will prethe longitude at sea; but the quick motion of a ship, and

• New Muoo ..

..24

27

sent a beautiful telescopic object when the evenings are the smallness of the objects requiring a powerful glass,

DFirst Quarter ............

clear.
MR. EVANS'S RAFT FOR PRESERVING SHIPWRECKED PERSUNS.

No. II.-See our last, p. 37.

9

32

8 2 20

...30

42

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السيالسلايرانيلا

البيبليبلييييكييل

Scientific Records.

it is obvious in the operation of the instrument, that when To John Leigh Bradbury, of Manchester, Lancashi

an expansion of air takes place in it, a portion is driven for his mode of twisting, spinning, or throwing silk, co [Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve out, and a pressure must consequently be made, on the ton, wool, linnen or other threads or fibrous substance

ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin surface of the liquid in the middle bulb, and displaces a 3d July.—2 months. gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi, portion of it equal to the rate or degree of expansion it To Philip Taylor, of the City Road, Middleses, eng losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical suffers. When the fluid is pressed out of the middle bulb neer, for certain improvements on steam-engines Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History : by this expansion, it will be driven by the capillary tube July:-6 months. Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.; and List of Patents. to a point which will indicate the quantity displaced; and To John Lane Higgins, of Oxford-street, Middlesex

consequently, the degree of expansion produced in the esquire, for certain improvements in the construction of th A DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNT OF TWO THERMO- lower bulb, will be correctly known, and the temperature masts, yards, sails, and rigging of ships and smaller ve MICROMETERS,

accurately read off by the graduated scale attached to the sels, and in the tackle used for working or navigating Invented by Goldsworthy Gurney, Esq. upper leg of the instrument.

same.-71h July.—6 months. If by accident or intention the expansion is made so To William Hirst and John Wood, both of Leed [FROM NO. J. OF THE XETROPOLITAN LITERARY JOURNAL.]

great as to drive all the Auid out of the middle bulb and Yorkshire, manufacturers, for certain improvements

up the tube, the upper bulb is provided to prevent its be- machinery for raising or dressing of cloth.-7th July. od

ing driven over and lost. The principle on which it acts 6 months.

will be directly seen by an inspection of the engraving- To Joseph Clisild Daniell, of Stoke, Wiltshire, clothie Fig1 Fig Y 2

the bulb being larger than sufficient for containing the for his improved method of weaving woollen cloth.
whole of the liquid used in the instrument, the fluid, from July.- 2 months.
its specific gravity, will act like a valve when it is driven To Charles Phillips, of Repnor, in the parish of Frend
into this bulb, and will here allow any air to escape, by bury, Kent, esquire, for certain improvements op tille
bubbling through it into the atmosphere, and at the same and steering wheels of vessels of various denominations,
time will prevent its return, without first pressing the 13th July. -6 months.
fluid back again to the middle bulb, froin whence it has
previously been displaced. This middle bulb is also more MR. SADLER'S ASCENT FROM DUBLIN.
than sufficiently large for containing the whole of the fluid
employed in the instrument, consequently, on the same In the annals of aërostation, perhaps there never was
principle as the upper one, it will here act as a valve, more successful or satisfactory display of the art than a
though in an opposite direction. It will allow any air to Mr. Sadler, in the Cobourg-gardens, Dublin. The da
pass into the lower or principal bulb of the thermometer, was peculiarly fine, the situation delightful, and the pro
so as to effect a balance of atmospheric pressure, whenever menade of beauty and fashion crowded and elegant.
condensation takes place. It will be observed, that this

The inflation of the balloon commenced at eight o'cloc balance will be effected, let the condensation in the lower in the morning, and before twelve was completed wit bulb be the greatest that can possibly be produced. By very great ease. The gas was supplied by the Hibernia this arrangement of two bulbs the fluid can neither be Gas Company. At eleven o'clock a small pilot balloon wi driven over nor lost, on the one hand; nor can it be drawn liberated, which took a N. W. direction, but the wind wa into the lower bulb, and affect the delicacy of the instru. remarkably variable all through. At twelve a seconi ment on the other.

pilot veered to the east, and another, a short time befor Mr. G., calculating on the comparative expansibility of the ascent, to the north. The bolloon, when inflater aëriform bodies by heat, (which are found to expand ge- appeared very beautiful in alternate stripes of brown an perally in the ratio of their respective densities) flled the green, with corresponding zone; its diameter 84 fee lower or principal bulb of the thermometer with hydrogen and 48 feet in height. At two o'clock, the car being a gas; he found it to be considerably more sensible than tached, and the philosophical and other instruments, common air, and has thus been enabled to detect changes ranged, Mr. Sadler, whose cool intrepidity was remark of temperature which would otherwise not even be sus able, seated himself therein, and his old companion, Mr pected; many of which are interesting both in science and Livingstone, accompanied him, when Lady

Manners

, led the arts. The delicacy of the thermometer, when thus by the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, presented a fagu constructed, is truly astonishing: in fact, it will indicate Mr.

Sadler, and addressed him audibly in the followin The above wood cut represents two thermometers lately the thousandth part of a degree of Fahrenheit with the words:--constructed by Mr. Gurney, which possess an almost in- greatest accuracy. This being the case, the Quid must “Mr. Sadler, I have the honour of presenting the conceivable delicacy in detecting small changes of tempe- consequently pass through a long range of tube in order colours to you; and I sincerely hope you will have a sai rature Mr. Gurney having engaged in some researches to measure a few degrees of heat. Mr. G. has, therefore, pleasant, and prosperous excursion; and I shall be ve on animal heat, found great inconvenience and difficulty found it necessary, in the most delicate instrument of the glad, indeed, if the example of your enterprising spi in obtaining accurate results from the want of an instru- kind,

which he calls the Thermo-micrometer, to employ a shall be productive hereafter of advantages to your cou ment which would measure sudden and delicate changes tube four feet long in its construction. As this length of try by leading to some useful discovery. of temperature. He found that the most delicate spirit tube would be exceedingly inconvenient in the labaratory, Lady Combermere presented a second flag, hearti thermometers were too sluggish in their action for his pur. if continued in a straight line, he has bent it in a serpen: wishing him safety and success in this and all his honou pose, and thus the most interesting results of many of his tine direction, as represented

above the bulb in fig. 2, by able undertakings.” All being now ready, Mr. Sad experiments were lost. He found, also, that no kind of which means the whole length is conveniently placed gave the word to let go," when at five minutes af air thermometer hitherto constructed could be employed against a scale in a small compass, without any disadvan iwo he ascended in the most majestic style imaginab in his researches, because the experiments required that tage to the use of the instrument; the graduated scale is amidst the enthusiastic applause and admiration of the temperature of liquid bodies should be correctly mea- made to follow the serpentine form of the tube, and the multitude; the balloon took a northern direction a sured, and for this, it is well known, the air thermometer temperature indicated by the rise of the fluid, may be ascended rapidly, the aëronauts waving their flags, cannot be used. Mr. Gurney, therefore, directed his at- read off with the same facility as if it rose perpendicularly, answering the cheers by repeated bows. The rays of tention to the construction of a new thermometer. Every bend of the tube should be a little elevated from sun glistening on the balloon in its altitude, had a beau

Professor Leslie employed air in all his experiments for the other, so as to form a slight inclined plane upwards ful effect ; at this time it passed directly over the city. measuring delicate changes of temperature and other in every straight portion of the tube, that any moisture fifteen minutes after two, it changed its course more to t philosophers have since established the fact, that air is which may adhere to, or condense on the inside surface of N. E.; it remained in view about half an hour, ur more sensibly affected by beat than any other

body. This the tube, may more easily find its way to the fluid below. * diminished to a speck."* consideration induced Mr. Gurney to attempt an altera

[To be continued.]

The balloon descended in perfect safety, at about fi tion in the air thermometer, so that it may be employed

o'clock, in a potato field, between Rush and Skerries with success in these delicate experiments.

The aëronauts were hospitably entertained by Richa Either of the instruments exhibited in the cut, may be

LIST OF NEW PATENTS. immersed in a fluid in a perpendicular direction like the TO John Hobbins, of Walsall, Staffordshire,

ironmon-Sharpe, Esq., at whose house it was deposited

. In spirit thermometer: Fig: i, consists of a tube of glass ger, for his improvements in gas apparatus.--Dated and evening Messrs. Sadler and Livingstone returned to top bent twice in a semi-circle in opposite directions, like the June, 1824.- 2 months allowed to enrol specification. reversed letter S, having a bulb blown between the turns To Humphrey Austin, of Alderley Mills, Gloucester

The Phænir. of the tube, into which the capillary bore of the tube has shire, manufacturer, for certain improvements on sheara free opening, both above and below the bulb. The tube ing machines.-220 June.—6 months.

A Century of the Names and Scantlings of such Inventi after being carried round from the upper side of this bulb, To John Beuton Higgon, of Gravel-lane, Houndsditch, as at present I can call to mind to have tried and perfet terminates in another bulb or globe which is blown very Middlesex, gentleman, for his improvement or addition (which, my former Notes being lost ) I have, at the this at its extremity, the bore of the tube having, of to carving-knives and other edged' tools.—220 June.-2 stance of a powerful Friend, endeavoured now, in course, a free communication between them. The mid. months.

year 1655, to set these down in such a way as may dle bulb is the most useful part of the instrument. It is To William Busk, of Broad-street, in the city of Lon- ciently instruct me to put any of them in practice. capable of containing a sufficient quantity of coloured don, merchant, for certain improvements in the means or

THE AUTHOR THE MARQUIS OF WORCESTER. spirit, to fill the whole of the tube up to the open extre- method of propelling ships, boats, or other floating bodies. mity, when the air in the lower one is expanded by heat. 29th June. 6 months.

[Continued from our last.] It also prevents any part of the Auid from running into To William Pontifex the younger, of Shoe-lane, Lon.

44.-A KEY-PISTOL. the lower bulb under any circumstances of condensation, don, coppersmith and engineer, for his improved mode of To make a key of a chamber door, which to your as will be presently described.

adjusting or equalizing

the pressure of Auids or spirits in hath its wards and rose-pipe, but paper-thick, and yet As the lowe or principal bulb of the thermometer has pipes or tubes, and also an improved mode of measuring pleasure in a minute of an hour shall become a per a communication through the bent tube to the middle one, the said fluids or liquids.—1st July..6 months. pistol, capable to shoot through a breast-plate commo

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]

summer,

Carabine-proof, with prime, powder and fire-lock, un- Love at First Sight. At the English Opera-house, last : water may be cold; in two or three hours they will blow sorrerable in a stranger's hand.

gentleman fell suddenly in love with a young as in the meridian of summer, retaining all their fragrance. 45.-A MOST CONCEITED TINDER-BOX.

lady, who sat with her mother and sister a few seats from How to light a fire and a candle at what hour of the bim; tearing a blank leaf out of his pocket-book, he right one asaketh, without rising or putting one's hand wrote with a pencil, “ May I inquire if your affections are

Sidvertisement. of the bed. And the same thing becomes a serviceable engaged ?" and handed it to her, which she showed to her pisod at pleasuren; vet by a stranger, not knowing the mother. Shortly afterwards she wrote underneath, bis The following Resolutions are extracted from the 46.-AN ARTIFICIAL BIRD. but why do you ask ?" and returned him the paper.

The mirers and receivers of the Theological Writings of the
Honourable Emanuel Swedenborg, held at Warwick,

7th July, How to make an artificial bird to fly which way and as gentleman then wrote on another leaf-"I love you 1824. long as one pleaseth, by or against the wind, sometimes dearly, I am single, I have £1000 a year, I am not in Resolved,-1. That the doctrine concerning the human shirping, other times hovering, still tending the way it is debt, I have a good house, and I only want a good wife soul, or spirit, and especially concerning the source of its designed for.

to make me completely happy. Will you be mine? If life and energies, is of vital importance to every human being, 47.-AX HOUR WATER-BALL.

you will, I promise (and with every intention of keeping to plunge him into unspeakable disorders and mischiets, To make a ball of any metal, which thrown into a pool my word) to be an affectionate, indulgent, and faithful whilst a correct and scriptural idea cannot fail to conduct or pull of water shall presently rise from the bottom, and husband to you, and what more can I say?" The young the humble and sincere believer to the temple of wisdom,

purity, and peace. oststaotly shew by the superficies of the water the hour lady was so much pleased with this declaration, that they

I!. That on this high ground, the philosophical and theoof the day or night, never rising more out of the water immediately became acquainted, and, in the course of four logical writings of the late Honourable Emanuel Suedenborg then just to the minute it sheweth of each quarter of the months afterwards, he led her, with the consent of her claim the devout attention of every reader, because in those

writings we are not only taught what the human soul, or bour; and if by force kept under water, yet the time is parents, to the hymeneal altar.-- Morning paper.

spirit, is not, but also what it is, and thus, whilst we are Det lost, but recovered as soon as it is permitted to rise to Lord Byron's Grecian Orphan.-Any subject materially guarded against all the dangers of mistaken apprehension, the superficies of the water.

connected with the character or actions of the late Lord we are initiated, at the same time, into all the sublime and 46. A SCRUED ASCENT OF STAIRS. Byron, whose earthly remains were lately removed from dit nog mysteries of the most luminous and consolatory A scrued ascent

, instead of stairs, with fit landing places our metropolis to their last resting-place, must be now pe. III. That these beneficial effects, as derived from the above to the best chambers of each story, with back stairs within culiarly interesting. The massacre of the Greeks by the writings, are the results of the following simple, yet most the noell of it, convenient for servants

to pass up and Turks at Scio will stand an imperishable record of Ma- viz: that it is not a mere breath, phantom, or vapour, as some down to the inward rooms of them unseen and private. hommedan barbarity. During that carnage a Greek boy, imagine

it to be, to which is super added a thinking

principle, and 43.-A TOBACCO-TONGS EXGINE.

about eight years of age, whose parents and kindred were which contains in itself an independent life of its own, but that, on man may get over a wall, or get up again, being come an oven

of his paternal home, to escape from the general from ils GREAT CREATOR, and thus, notwithstanding the ne A portable engine, in way of a tobacco-tongs, whereby savagely buichered by the infidels, crept

instinctively into the contrary, it is a real spiritual form and substance, distinct

from lovn, finding the coast proving unsecure unto him. slaughter. He remained there two days without any pu- cessary appearance that it possesses independent life, yet the real 50.-A POCKET-LADDER.

triment whatever ; when, at the close of the second day, I truth is, that it is merely a receptive and reactive form of life, and A complete light portable ladder, which taken out of he was providentially discovered, senseless and exhausted! this momentarily. me pocket, may be by himself fastened an hundred foot The late Lord Byron, having been fully informed

of those the most perfect accord” both with sound reason and the bigh, to get up by from the ground.

singular facts, immediately received the orphan boy under truth of revelation, since sound re:eson teaches, that, as the 51.-A ROLE OP GRADATION.

his protection. The extraordinary history of his preserva. body derives its existence from the soul, or spirit, therefore

tion, and the sad havoc of his race, endeared the child form from the same source, and whereas, the form of the A mule of gradation, which with ease and method resaeeth all things to a private correspondence, most useful stantly with his Lordship to the last moment of his ex- the soul, or spirit, also is of the same description. Sound

more closely to his sympathy and affection. He was con 'body is confessedly a human furn, therefore the form of secret intelligence. 52.- MYSTICAL JANGLING OF BELLS.

istence. Soon after that lamentable event, which deprived reason again teaches that no creature, whether animal

Greece of her most steadfast champion, Liberty of her asmucn as life itself is not creatalue, and consequently How to signify words and a perfect discourse by jang- best guardian, and Poesy of her brightest son, the Ho- every creature, whether animal or vegetable, is merely a Eng of bells of any parish-church, or by any musical in. nourable Leicester Stanhope sent the Loy to England for form receptive' of life, and receptive in proportion to the strument within hearing, in a seeming way of tuning it; the advancement of his education, and recommended

him greater or lesser perfection of its form, whilst man alone is of an unskilful beginner.

to the care and protection of the Earl of Harrington. On its DIVINE SOURCE. The truth of revelation likewise speaks 53.-AN HOLLOWING OF A WATER-SCRUE. his arrival in this country, the Duke and Duchess of the same interesting language, because by revelation we are A way how to make hollow and cover a water-scrue as Leinster were so much delighted

with the nobleness of his instructed, in the first place, that angelic beings, and also the ng and as long as one pleaseth, in an easy and cheap

way. deportment, and amenity of his manners, at so youthful what is related in the history of the LORD's transfiguration, 54- TRANSPARENT WATER-SCRUE. How to make a water-scrue tighte, and yet transparent, resides in London, with

the Leinster family. He is a per- the Apostles talking with Him, from which testimony it is and free from breaking; but so clear, that one may pal fect Grecian warrior in miniature. His eastern costume plain that they were seen as men, consequendy they were in pably see the water or any heavy thing how and why it is is most imposing, as he wears a turban, gelick, &c.; and human forms. (Luke ix. 30. Matt. xvii. 3. Mark iz 4.) and mounted by turning.

on the right side of his belt are a pair of pistols, on his at the Lord's resurrection, and who is called a young man 55.-A DOUBLE WATER-SCRUE.

left a dagger. He was in the first carriage that followed (Mark xvi. 5. see also Luke xxiv. 4,23.) and again, from the A double water-scrue, the innermost to mount the the hearse of his magnanimous patron.

angel who appeared to the Apostle John in bis Apocalyptic

Vision, and who, when the Apostle was about to worship iter, and the outermost for it to descend more in num

him, testifies concerning himself, saying, "I am thy fellowof threds, and consequently in quantity of water,

servant ; and of thy bretheren that have the testimony of Jesus, pogta much shorter then the innermost scrue, by which

The Housewife.

[Rev. xix. 10.) from which words it is manifest that, although water ascendeth, a most extraordinary help for the

he was an angel, yet he had once been a man, and therefore ming of the scrue to make the water rise.

"Housekeeping and husbandry, if it be good,

it is reasonable to conelude, that the human form, in which Must love one another as cousins in blood :

he now appeared to the Apostle, was the proper form of his 5-AY ADVANTAGEOUS CHANGE OF CENTRES.

The wife, too, must husband as well as the man,

spirit when it was clothed with a body of flesh. Revelation To provide and make that all the weights

of the
de. Or farewel thy husbandry, do what thou can."

teaches, in the second place, that God, at creation, breathed nding side of a wheel shall be perpetually further from

into man's nostrils the breath of life (or lives) and that thus man te centre, then those of the mounting side,

and yet equal tice among confectioners to colour their comfits by means emphetically. The Lire," (John xi. 26. lib. Lands er his Test for Copper in Sweatmeats. It is said to be a prac wards confirmed by the INCARNATE GOD, who calls Himself

became a living soul (Gen. il. 7.] which sublime idea is aftersredible thing, if not seen, but tried before the late of copper; and lately, a gentleman published a letter, taught also that the connection of man with Himself is 3 [of blessed memory) in the Tower, by my direc- mentioning that one of his children and a nurse had been like that of a vinc and its branches (John xv. 5.) consequently

two extraordinary Embassadors accompanying his made unwell by eating such comfits. To detect the the life which be derives from the PARENT STOCK. degy, and the Duke of Richmond and Duke Hamil. presence of copper, pour over the comfits liquid ammonia

V. That this grand rational and evangelical truth is most with most of the court, attending him. The wheel hartshom) which, if copper be present, speedily acquires momentous to every human being, not only in a speculative,

but also in a practical view, since, if man onee suffers himself foarteen foot over, and forty weights of any pounds a blue colour.-The Chemist.

to be betrayed into the delusive notion, that his life is his Heef Sir William Balfour, then Lieutenant of the Star, can justifie it, with several others. They all saw, Sealy, of New York, has announced that the steam of telligence, his joys, his words and works, and even his virtues,

To destroy Bugs. The Chemist states, that a Mr. own and independent, it will presently follow, as a natuara) na sooner these great weights passed the diameter- boiling water will effectually destroy this noxious insect : to be his own and independent also, and will thus be in danger De of the lower side, but they hung a foot further from it kills the eggs as well as the vermin.

of separating both himself and them from their DIVINE le centre, Dor no sooner passed the diameter-line of the

SOURCE, and by that separation plunging himself into the Der side, but they hung a foot nearer. Be pleased to

To preserve Roses till Christmas.--When roses are the moment that he begins to refer his life to its true origin,

dreadful abyss of a vain and infernal selfishness; whereas, from lege the consequence.

budding and blooming is the time to lay by a treat for by regarding it as a stream in perpetual connection with a [To be continued.)

Christmas. Select from your rose-trees such buds as are DIVINE FOUNTAIN, rather than as a separated and stagnant

just ready to blow; tie a piece of thin thread round the pool, in that same moment he begins to arise out of all the Miscellanies. stalk of each ; do not handle the bud or the stalk

; cut it mire and clay of a defiled self-love, and to worship God in spirit from the tree with the stalk two or three inches in length; blessed habit

of referring all his faculties, whether voluntary Sagüsh Language.-Two foreigners walking up and stalk ; the wax should be only so warm as to be ductile ; all their exercises, sensations, joys, and products, to that

s coffee-room, one proposed to the other to show form a piece of paper into a cone-like shape, wherein place SUPREME ALMIGHTY FATHER, in whom, as the Apostle excompany that they were not totally ignorant of the the rose; screw it up so as to exclude the air; do so by pressethit: We live, and move, and have our being.com glish language. The latter agreeing, addressed the each ; put them into a box, and the box into a drawer, ali piness, and the duty, of every human being

to live, think, supany in a loud tone of voice, and inquired, "did it which is intended to keep them free from air. On Christ- and act, under the continual devout acknowledgment that

co-morrow?" The other very appropriately replied, mas-day, or on any other day in winter, take them out, his life is from Gop, yet, at the same time to live, think, and on it them The latter turned to the company, and cut off the ends of the stalks, place them in a tower pot contact Freelancers in his life was houten and tadependent since with. * be aakt vat, and "

bottle, with lukewarm water, or if in a heated room, tbel and consequently deprived of all its joys.

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