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Scotch manufactures and fisheries. The greater part of have it in contemplation to form a Mechanics’ Institute | MEMOIRS OF DON ESTEBAN..We thank A Reader for directie

our attention to some entertaining passages in this res of linen yarn, till about 1759, when a branch of the silk in Liverpool, by which you will have the privilege of ad

interesting work. They had already arrested our attention trade, from Spitalfields, London, was established in Pais- mission to a library of useful books, and the advantage

and were, in fact, in the hands of our printers, when ley, where it was brought to such perfection, especially in of occasionally hearing lectures read on mechanics and received our correspondent's note. Perhaps it may som the more light and fanciful kinds, that, in a short time, philosophy. As your friend and townsman, I have taken the views of a brave and unfortunate foreigner, if we Paisley silks not only rivalled those of the south, but had a this mode of conveying a hint to you, which I hope will

form our readers of the circumstances under which ! preference in all the markets in Europe, and thus laid the not be disregarded; as I feel confident that, if adopted, it

work, from which we have made selection, was publicsta foundation for that extensive knowledge of fancy weaving

The following paragraph we copy from the London papel for which the tradesmen of Paisley have since become so will greatly promote your interest. The gentlemen who

- The Memoirs of the Spaniard, Don Esteban, excite na famous, and which is now spread over the west of Scotland. are solicitous to render you the great service to which I interest.“ Driven," says he, "from his native cezy have just adverted, would no doubt become still more

by the late disastrous political events which stil dist

unhappy Spain, and severed from all his heart holds Correspondence. earnest in your favour, if they were convinced that you

the author found, in the sad inactivity of an ecle's yourselves wished for the establishment of a Mechanics'

too many inducements to ponder over his misfortunes Institute in this town. In order to show that you are not BELL AND LANCASTER SYSTEM.

disappointments, not to seek some occupation which indifferent to so important an advantage, I advise such of tend to alleviate the recollection of them. We rescire TO THE EDITOR. you as set a proper value upon the improvement of your

therefore, to retrace on paper the events tås life:

well as the pleasing images of early youth, as the active Sir,—It is with the greatest reluctance that I trouble minds, to enrol your names, with your professions and

scenes wbich he has witnessed and shared in for uteru! you with a subject which can prove interesting only to a places of residence, without loss of time, in a book now years. He has presumed to lay before the pellie sa tevery small majority of your readers ; indeed, after what 1 lying for the purpose at the Mercury-office. If the show varnished narrative of facts, related with that keepita

regard to truth and fidelity which becomes a impartit said in a former letter, any thing further might seem un of names be such as I anticipate, I think it will be the

historian." This assurance is evidently benne gut by the necessary, but as a correspondent, who subscribes Ameri. means of bringing forward many most respectable gentle.

anecdotes and traits which are recorded, and which og N can, has put forth some ridiculous observations on the men in your behalf.—Your friend and townsman,

read with feelings of the deepest interest. comparative merits of Dr. Bell and Mr. Lancaster's dis- Liverpool, Saturday, April 23, 1825.

Fair Play, as he styles himself, is informed, that we was coveries, and “deems it a fortunate circumstance for

ambitious of his further correspondence. His inte himself, not for Mr. Lancaster, certainly, that you with.

Che Beauties of eness.

that we receive pecuniary remuneration for the inseran

certain articles, we repel with scorn and content, a held the publication of my letter till bis arrival in Liver

we should not have used, had he not, on a forruer een pool, and allowed him an opportunity of stepping forward

Ludimus effigiem belli"............. VIDA.

taken the same unwarrantable liberty. We ares, as the avowed champion of Mr. Lancaster,” when, for.

reasons which must be obvious to the person we ni sooth, I was unconscious of having given Mr. L. the least

advert more particularly to the pieces to which beobie

SOLUTION TO GAME XLI. occasion for his puny assistance. If America abound in

but there is one easy method by which be massee White.


whether our columns are on sale or not. Let beste such prodigies of learning and correct information as your

1 Queeu ...... F-7+ 1 King

H-8 specimen of his own composition, with a douteur, el correspondent seems to be, what a land of erudition ! and

2 Knight
2 Pawp ...A-2*

will find his insulting offer treated with as little cum how Dr. Johnson would have rejoiced, had he lived to see

3 Queen...

3 Bishop

as it merits. Fair Play, in the note now before us, but this day! But this is a needless waste of words, and I

4 Queen H–7+

with not allowing merit to Blackwood, because heuae 4 Bishop ....H-7

tunate as not to deal in the same thunder as we da shall proceed to show the value of American's assertions. 5 Knight ...F—7+MATE.

pretty good proof of what we observed last weekend He says that “Mr. Whitbread panegyrised the new sys- # If the black bishop took the queen, the knight would pancy between the assumed name and the real des tem in the House of Commons, in 1807, and ascribed its checkmate at F 7. If the pawn took the knight at G 5, the this soi disant Fair Play. In the first place he batterie discovery to Mr. Lancaster.” This is true; but Mr. at F 6, the queen would checkmate at H 7. If the black

assume that we have any polities at all; because, se Whitbread's information in the first instance was incor. bishop were moved to c. 2, in order to prevent the white of the Kaleidoscope, we abstain from any thing in the

of politics. In the next place, we deny that our met rect; for in a subsequent speech in the same House, and cheek either at G 8 or at E 8, and, in the following move, the

ing Blackwood is fairly to be ascribed to any difere at the earliest opportunity afforded him, he is reported to knight would checkmate at F 7.

tween the politics of that gentleman and oursies have spoken to the following effect :-"Dr. Bell, late of

(No. XLII.)

are in the habit of reading very many publicaties the establishment of Fort St. George, in the East Indies, The white to move, and to give checkmate in five moves.

same political character as Blackwood's Magazine,

work itself does not happen to fall within our editari claims the original invention of the system of education

All we said on the subject, was simply " We are De practised by Mr. Lancaster. So early as the year 1789 he

habit of seeing Blackwood's Magazine," and upce opened a school at Madras, in which that system was first


dence of these words we are charged with littlenes de reduced to practice with the greatest success, and the most

in underrating a man because he does not deal in the beneficial effects. In the year 1797 he published an out

у 8 9 α 1 4 5 Η

kind of thunder as we do!!

P.S.-Upon second thought, as it is possible Faur Pay line of his method. Mr. Lancaster's free school in the

actuated by friendly feelings, in his remonstra borough was not opened till 1801; so that Dr. Bell un

should be glad to be enabled

to communicate with it questionably preceded Mr. L. and to hin the world is

private note: this would enable us satisfactorily ta

7 first indebted for one of the most useful discoveries which

for a seeming inconsistency, which cannot be pable

plained. We are anxious for the opportunity for train has ever been submitted to society.” This will do for


and Fair Play need not be identified; as he has the American.

mate, in the same handwriting as the last, when As to the merits of the different systems, they will not

will find him. bear the slightest comparison, and no stronger proof need

LIVERPOOL FEMALE APPRENTICES LIBRARY.-West be adduced in support of this than the universal adoption

soon, perhaps next week, devote a coluna er

Kaleidoscope to the second report of this exceda of Dr. Bell's; and let me further inform American, that

tion; and we take this opportunity to request the very system his PATRON is at this time propagating as

omission of the name of Mrs. E. Smith, amo his own, is precisely what Dr. Bell has, from the first,

scribers, which we should not thus publiciyse been labouring to perfect in the schools of this kingdom.

we not anxious not to be thought indifferent to the

of so excellent an establishment. In conclusion, I beg to disclaim any hostile feelings to

Projector's project of a lottery for old maids, wards Mr. L. I respect him, perhaps, more than Ameri.

destitute of humour, contains some objectionable cun does. As to his discoveries, they are unworthy of no.

which render it inadmissible. tice; but, interested as I am, in the cause of education, I

B C D E F G H Observator's grammatical query was omitted in con cannot calmly submit to see an individual, to whom the

of the length of our notices to correspondents nation owes so much, deliberately plundered of his well


No Fiction is informed, that we have instituted s vel

search, which, we have no doubt, will result in de earned fame; and, whilst I can think or speak, I shall not

very of a certain communication. cease to defend his claims to the utmost of my power.

To Correspondents. Just previously to our paper being put to press, Yours, &c. PHJLOCRIBOIS.

the following, which we have not yet had the op April 16, 1825.

BELL AND LANCASTER SYSTEM.—The letter of H. H. of Waver- of perusing:- J. A. on the practice of Lifting

tree on this subject is reserved for next week's publication. -W.S. H.-William—W.D.G.

Music.—We thank J. A. for his suggestion, of which we shall Amator's verses positively next week.

not fail to take advantage. Does he allude to any other ERRATUN.-In the verses headed Iremakee, in our las

work except Rothelan? He only names that, but seems to second line of the seventh stanza, foi lowly isé, sal TO THE DIECHANICS OF LIVERPOOL.

point to some other, in which are to be found several origi- isle.

nal pieces of music. FELLOW Townsmen,-- You are probably already we shall next week have a few remårks to address to H. St. P. Printed, published, and sold, ETERY TUESDA! aware that there are many public spirited gentlemen, who and E. of Birmingham.

E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord-street, Livepal,

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Literary and Scientific Airror.



familiar Miscellany, from whichreligiousand politicalmatters are excluded, containsa varietyof originalandselected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism Men and Manners, jusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual ume, with an Index and Title-page.-Itscirculationrenders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements. Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents, viz. DON-Sherwood and Burnley-T. Suteliffe; Dublin-De Joncourtand Hull-J. Perkins;

Nantwich-E. Jones;

Prescot-A. Ducker; Stockport-J. Dawson; Booksellers; E. Marl-Burslen-S. Brougham; Harvey; and, through Kendal-M.&R. Branthwaste; Newcastle-under-Lyme-J.Mort; Preston-P. Whittle;

-T. Claye; ugh, Newsvender; Bury-J. Kay;

them, all the booksel. Kirkby-Lonsdale. Foster; Newcastle-u.-Tyne-J. Finley; -I Wilcockson; Sunderland-G. Arbutt; FRE, Derb.-W. Hoon; Carlisle J. Jollie;

Jers in Ireland.
Lancaster-J. Miller;
Newtown-J. Salter ;

Ripon-T. Langdale; Ulverston-J. Soulby; A-T.Cunningham; Chester-R. Taylor; Durham-Geo. Andrews; Leeds-H. Spink;

Northwich-G. Fairhurst; Rochdale-J. Hartly; Wakefield--Mrs. Hurst; 1. Bassford ; Chorley-R. Parker; Glasgow-Robertson&Co.; Manchester -Silburn & Co.; Nottingham-C. Sutton; Sheffield-T. Orton; Warrington-J. Harrison; agam-R. Wrightson Clithero-H. Whalley; Halifax-N. Whitely; J. Fletcher; T. Sowler ; North Shields-Miss Barnes; Shrewsbury-C. Hulbert; Welchpool-R. Owen; -Kell; Brandwood; Colue-H. Earnshaw; Hanley-T. Allbut;

B. Wheeler; and G. Ben- Oldham-J. Dodge;

Southport-W. Garside; Wigan-Mrs. Critehley; barn-T. Rogerson; Congleton-J. Parsons ; Harrogate-T. Langdale; tham & Co.

Ormskirk-W. Garside ; South Shields-W. Barnes; J. Brown; J. Hilton; ford-J. Stanfield; Denbigh-M. Jones ; Haslinden-J. Read: Macclesfield-P. Hall; Oswestry-W. Price;

Stoke-R.C.Tomkinson; Wrexham-J. Painter; --Hillyard & Morgan; Doncaster-C. & J. White; Huddersfield-T. Smart; Mottram-R. Wagstaff; Penrith-J. Shaw;

St.Helen'sI. Sharp; York-W. Alexander.

1. 253.- Vol. V.

TOESDAY, MAY 3, 1825.





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Natural History.

stroyed; they particularly resorted to the present site of Thus, for example, as the head of the palæotherinm was Montmartre. Have we not reason to be grateful, that very like that of the tapir, in the number, arrangement, Providence should have placed, so near to their remains, and nature of its teeth, and in all the particulars of its

the celebrated man, whose skill has enabled him to become form, and as one of the different sorts of feet also much N THE REVOLUTIONS OF THE GLOBE.

acquainted with their natures, to class them, and, as it resembled the feet of the tapir, M. Cuvier naturally conwere, to renew their existence, by fixing the knowledge of cluded, that the feet and head must have been parts of the it in our minds, after a lapse of so many ages?

same animal. lagère couche de vie, qui fleurit à la surface du globe, ne

The task which he imposed upon himself was replete As the genus palæotherium contains several species difque des ruines.--Paris: printed, 1824.

with difficulty. It is true that the workmen, employed to ferent in form, and as he had discovered feet of different lated expressly for the Kaleidoscope from a recent French work. dig in the quarries, frequently found the remains of ani- dimensions, it was a very satisfactory confirmation of his

mals, or rather fragments of their remains; but formerly conjectures, to see in the feet and heads of the same speLETTER XIII.

they broke them to pieces without scruple. How many cies, corresponding relations with respect to size.

thousands of these bones have thus been for ever removed He pursued the same method, in his examination of the HE PALÆOTHERIUM, THE ANOPLOTHERIUM, &c. from the curiosity of naturalists. No precautions were anoplotherium ; and, as the heads in his possession afforded

taken to preserve them, until the curiosity of the public proofs of the existence of one genus, and of several sub-
became interested in researches of this kind. Yet, how genera, he was not surprised to find feet analogous to them,
different it was to turn these remains to advantage! There which differed from each other in such a manner, as to
were soinetimes found, mixed together, the bones of eight justify the same sub-divisions.
or ten different species, with all of which naturalists were I shall not, by entering into further particulars, extend
unacquainted at the period when M. Cuvier commenced the history of these researches ; you will easily perceive,
his labours. How was it possible to select from so con- Madam, how ingenious they are, and how profound a
fused a heap all the bones composing the skeletons of knowledge of nature they require. Let it suffice to inform
cvery different genus and species? The following is an you, that the bodies have been recomposed by an ob-
account of the method in which this great naturalist pro- servance of the same method, and afterwards assorted with
ceeded :

the corresponding head and feet. The excellence of these
The form of the teeth submitted to his inspection, their plans, and the rigour with which M. Cuvier adhered to
number, and arrangement, soon convinced him, that they them in the prosecution of his labours, are incontestibly
must have belonged to herbivorous animals, and that even proved by the fact, that all his conjectures have been
these animals were included in the class of pachydermes. confirmed by posterior discoveries of animals, more or less
This class is very singular, and was, during a long time, complete. The results, obtained by the mere observation
little understood by naturalists. It was, without doubt, of existing analogies, have, in all cases, been found to be
impossible for them to become better acquainted with it, correct.
as long as they studied merely the species now in existence, Perhaps, Madam, it would be proper, in this place, to

since the proper succession of the genera now remaining is enter into some details respecting the zoological charace are four engravings belonging to, and illustra- interrupted by voids, filled up, in a very remarkable man. teristics of these new genera ; but this is a task I dare not his chapter ; two of them we have introduced bere, ner, by the ancient genera.

undertake. I am deterred from attempting it, not only g the other two for next week, when the remain. The first inferences which he drew, were the result of by the dryness of the subject, but also because I recollect he chapter will be given. They are precise fac- an examination of the teeth. Persevering attention soon that my exertions must be limited to the attempt to inf the figures in the original work. |-Edit. Kal. enabled him to distinguish from each other those belong. terest you in the curious discoveries I am now describing.

ing to the different species. He thus artificially recon- I shall, therefore, be satisfied with informing you, that e animals which I have yet mentioned to you, be- structed jaw-bones, and afterwards, whole heads. The the genus palæotherium differs from the genus anoplothepecies nearly resembling those now in existence ; heads that have since been accidentally discovered in the rium in this particular. The animals composing it have e, therefore, been found in the layers of most re quarries, have confirmed the justness of his conjectures. one projecting canine tooth, nearly like that observed in osition. The animals I have yet to describe hav. He then passed on to the study of the feet, and having the animals of the species of the boar. It is, however,

discovered in deeper layers, must be of much pursued a similar method in their classification, he ob- less prominent than the canine teeth of wild boars, being intiquity. Their bones had, during many centu- tained results, the correctness of which he has also had the entirely corered by the lips, as in the hippopotamus, the

buried under the remains of marine bodies, at happiness to ascertain, by means of recent discoveries. tapir, and the hog. The anoplotherium is without this that our countries were the tranquil abodes of the He thus succeeded in completing the heads of two tooth, whence it results, that the two genera, although s, since destroyed by the return of the waters of genera ; he designated one by the name of palæotherium, both herbivorous, are distinguished from each other by upon their surface. Consequently we shall have and the other by that of anoplotherium. He distin a very considerable difference in their habits. The genus

to observe, that these ancient inhabitants of the guished, among the anoplotheriums, several sub-genera, anoplotherium being deficient in the canine tooth, which istituted genera entirely different from those known and among the palæotheriums, several species. He also distinguishes the palæotherium, is probably composed of

formed feet of several kinds, and it was no easy task to animals of a milder nature. We are reminded, by the lost interesting circumstance in the history of these determine what particular feet and heads belonged to the name given to it, that it is an animal remarkable for gen.

is, that they have lived and perished in the places same animals. He derived some assistance from an obser- tleness, the word anoplotherium being derived from two e now inhabit. When the sea inundated them, vation of the respective sizes of the different parts, but he Greek words, signifying innocent animal ; palæotherium k refuge in most of the places now forming the confided more in the analogies which he discovered be. signifies merely ancient animal. uarries in our neighbourhood, and were there de-tween them and the corresponding parts of known species. As the animals of the genus palæotherium differ from

each other in form, they are distinguished by the follow. boasted of the good conditions which he had made with whether it was furnished with good blinds, she gaver ing divisions: the tall , the small, the mildling, the large, his employer ; a third, who was paid by the

day, could a piece of five francs, and bid me to wait for a lady si the thick, and the short palæotherium.

only make a profit upon what he saved from the fodder of a muff, who would not be long in coming. I profited The anoplorheriunis are divided into the common, the his horses ; and a fourth spoke of the tricks which he the opportunity to give some corn to my poor horse, light, and the greyliound anoplotherium. I send you played, to multiply bis journies, and to increase his allow. stowing, of course,

the best part upon Lille Gray, a skeiches of the species, respecting which we have data ances. I entered into conversation with my next neigh- account of the presage he had given me; and I was there sufficient to justify the attempt to produce representations bour, a stout fellow of jovial disposition, and about forty- enter a tavern, to get something for myself

, when I say of them. Perhaps it may also be gratifying to you to be five years old. I had called for a bottle of the best wine lady with a muff coming towards my vehicle

, and liftiga furnished with such information of the places inhabited they had in the house ; and a few glasses of it opened the her veil to look at the number. I opened the dece, al by them, their way of life, their habits, &c. as naturalists man's heart, and procured me his confidence to such a she entered with great trepidation, whispering " To s have been enabled to obtain by the observation of existing degree, that he related to me all his adventures without Joseph's Baths.” I set off, full gallop, and, on our emrin analogies. much urgency on my side.

the lady took a Napoleon from a corner of her handler Grral palæotherium.-(Sec the engraving, Fig. 1.) He had been first employed by a lady of doubtful cha-chief, and bid me to keep a dollar out of it, and to make “ This animal resembled in form a horse of moderate size, racter, by whom he was dismissed for a slight indiscre- haste. I saw that she was in great haste and egiaztien, but it was more squat, its head was larger, its extremities tion; then he had entered into the service of an elegant consequently I was a long time in unting any leathers thicker and shorter

. It is very easy to imagine what was young man, whose creditors had committed the brucal act purse, and I finally declared that I had nothing but seper its appearance when it was alive." (Cuvier.)

of seizing horses and carriage, just when he was in the to give her. She seemed to be on the rack ; bor i dind Little palæo herium.-- (See the engraving, Fig. 2.) "If we way of making his fortune; a commercial house had after to run first to one shop and then to another, trid tie foarte could recal this animal to life as easily as we have collected wards sent him twenty-seven times to Hamburg as an ex. lost patience, and exclaimed, " Keep it all!" A bandei its bones, we should imagine we saw a tapir smaller than press; but he had become tired of so many fatiguing jour. thousand thanks to you, my good lady, 1 ejaculated in a a roe-buck, with slender light legs : such was, without nies, and, in order to rest himself a little, he had con- turn: may another return to you all the blessing with doubt, its appearance. An almost complete skeleton of sented to drive the chaise of an old doctor for the space of you now bestow upon a poor man. I helped béresed this species has been found at Pantin; its height, up to two years, after which the physician had gone to join his the coach at the same time, and then I took my stains the withers, must have been from 15 to 18 inches." (Cu. patients. Fired by ambition, he then availed himself of the file of my comrades. It was two o'clock, and is vier.)

a vacant place at a Minister's; but having had the mis. a snack at the top of Montmartre-strect. What's “We may form a sufficiently just idea of the middling- fortune to overturn his Excellency on the road to St. turned to the head of my horses, I found two grbia sized palæotherium, by representing to ourselves a tapir Cloud, his fair fame had suffered such injury among the coach, who told me, with a deliberate air, to drive to with slender legs; it must have been, in this genus, what higher ranks, that it would have been useless to make to Charrier's, on the boulevard of the Temple 19 the babyroussa is amongst hogs: its height, up to the another application in similar quarters; and he had made then sent me to the Tennis-court, to inquire fa al withers, was from 31 to 32 inches."

up his mind at once to take his stand in the street: he Prosper : but this gentleman happened to be engaged We have not sufficient data of the three other species of found no cause for repentance, and he would not like now an interesting game, and he had just lost three pos palæotheriums, to venture to form any conjecture respect to change his old great coat for the finest and best laced he sent me about my business in such terms us ing their form.

livery in Paris. There were, indeed, good and bad days; expected from an unfortunate gambler; yet, et The skeleton of the anoplotherium has been so com- but such a one as last Saturday consoled for many others. consideration, he bid me to conduct the lot pletely reconstructed, that no doubt can be entertained of I rather longed to know the particulars of this fortunate Turkish garden, where he would soon join the the appearance which it must have had when it was covered day; and a ftesh bottle, which I ordered, gave to my executed the order, and was well paid for my treaba with its muscles and skin. friend as much desire to speak as I had to listen.

As I was standing behind my box, and driving [To be continued.)

Well, Sir, he said, when I set out at seven o'clock in along the boulevard, I added up, with the help the morning, Lillte Gray (my off-hand horse) gave two fingers, what I had already got; when I beard

kicks: very good that, said I to myself; there will be a called from the door of a grocer's shop. The miss Men and tranners.

rich harvest to-day. The sign is infallible, and it has the house had been brought to bed, and the Christe

never deceived me. This soon proved to be true; for two was about to be celebrated : one of my comrades THE HACKNEY COACHMAN.

men stopped me soon after, and ordered me to conduct ready in waiting; but as he could not take all the them to the Montmartre quarries. One of them carried he called me to his assistance. My equipage was for

a square box under his arm; and when we arrived at the be the handsomer, and I had the honour of transpo [Translated expressly for the Kaleidoscope.] turnpike we found two others, similarly equipped, waiting the head nurse, the wet nurse, the child, the precio

there. My customers then alighted, but I followed them the godmother, the mother, and the husband of Last Monday I had been walking to the Botanic gar- slowly, and, from the top of my coach, I saw 'the four couchée: the witnesses were brought up by my avem den, and I found myself a little fatigued at my return: individuals descend into a kind of dell. I had scarcely We got each a dollar and a glass of liqucar at the being far froni home, 1 resolved on taking a coach ; and, lost sight of them, when I heard the report of fire-arms; own shop. looking about in Calvary-street, I saw a row of vehicles, and, immediately afterwards, the younger of my gentle. I then went to dinner, and got my shot at finde but no drivers. A rag woman perceived my embarrass- men came running up, and gave me two crown-pieces, went on prosperously, and I ordered two bottles & ment from her stall, and said, obligingly, pointing to a requesting me to wait for the others. One of those was to treat my comrades; but we had not half finished tavern of very shabby appearance, the coachmen you want wounded, and I drove them to a surgeon's, where I got when a lad came to tell me that a lady and a are with mother Henry. I entered; and, struck with the another crown.

were waiting for me. I ran out, and, before it novelty of the observations which the place excited in me, On the road to my stand, I ran against a stylish cur- to make the usual inquiries, the man cried I asked for a dinner instead of a driver. My attire was of ricle, and its master summoned me before the Commis- an hour, slowly, whithersoever you like." I the most modest description; but it attracted, neverthe- sary of Police: but he got very little by that; for I de- Sir, was my reply; and thereupon I drove less, the attention of the landlady, and she gave me the fended myself so well

, that sentence was pronounced in Magdalene. Near the Italian court, I felt mysl trouble of repeating my request, before she invited me to my favour, and he was obliged to pay me double the time pulled by my great coat: the gentleman alight walk into the dining-room. I followed a girl who carried which he had made me lose; and this was but fair; for giving me a dollar, he bid me to bring his fair con a ladle full of greasy water, which she emphatically called the accident could not be brought home to me, and I had to No. --, Gaillon-street. broth; and I joined the company. The walls of the room not done the thing, altogether, on purpose.

I then finished my courses ; for, although it had been once whitewashed, but they were now quite I was no sooner at liberty than I was hired by a gen- ten o'clock, my purse was full, and my horses et de black; and I found about a dozen gentlemen sitting on tleman, whom I took for a candidate for the legislative I went home, and, on examining my coach, 1 both sides of a very long and very narrow table. I sat body, judging by the silk stockings and full-dress coat gentleman's watch, and a pair of fine ladies

' planos down at the lower end of the table, and Manette placed in which he was equipped. I conducted him to all the took these articles the next day to the police-efer before me a pint of wine, a tin goblet, a pewter spoon, senators in la Chausée d'Antin, and the suburbs of St. nobody has claimed them yet, and they will from and an iron fork; the knives were fastened to the walls Honore; but he was no where received, and he would property, to crown the fortune of that prosperous Scor with little brass chains. The repast was very frugal, but have only paid me according to the usual terms, if my My companion had spun out his story until the e not so bad as I had expected; and the circumstance of watch, which went right on our setting out, had not acci- bottle was likewise empty, and he then ofered my bringing no bread with me, seemed to add to the dentally advanced an hour during our courses. me home gratis. I accepted of his proposal

, but magnificent idea which Manette had already conceived of I sat down the candidate at his lodgings in Coldmantle-him twice as much for his allowance as be evalt the new customer. There was a good deal of talking at table: one of the called me to the corner of St. Thomas-street. She looked bit of a rogue, I had been too much anored site

street, when a pretty chamber maid beckoned to me, and charged; for, though I could not help thinking mon accused his master of selfishness; whilst another at the number of my coach, and, after having examined frank avowal of his tricks to be seriously angry rid leo



other unlawful act, if I deprive him of existence, the spirit |covery. We have received the following communication

of the laws, without consulting either ancient or modern on this subject :-"Opposite to the baths is a small gallery " If an accidental mischief happen to follow from the per. codes, and coinciding with the dictates of conscience itself, or passage, which leads into an extensive dwelling. The Lle; dut, if a man be doing any thing unlawful, and a conse- tells me that I have committed murder. The hands and wall on the left hand of this passage is covered with a yelenee ensues which he did not foresee or intend, as the death arms of the human being, with their muscular forces and low ground colour, on which a genius is painted, with a u man, or the like, his want of foresight shall be no excuse; powers, were given to him for his own useful and conve- laurel branch in his hand. On each side of him is a round tself unlawful, he is criminally guilty of whatever conse- sault of other beings with which the world is inhabited, small temple; in the other, fish and fruit. Proceeding being guilty of one offence, in doing antecedently what is nient purposes, his ingenuity protecting him from the as- compartment. In one of them is the representation of a And, in general, when an involuntary killing happens, in though some of their extremities may be armed with powers into the chamber, we perceive, immediately on the left sequence of an unlawful act, it will be either murder or exceeding all comparison. From their application, hither hand, the wonderfully beautiful figure of a Venus ; the aslaughter, according to the nature of the act which oc- to, as evinced by historical records, monuments, pyramids, upper part of which was unfortunately destroyed by the oned it."

&c. have been erected; and can it be supposed, that, under unskilfulness of the workmen who cleared the place. On A tilt, or tournament, the martial diversion of our ances1; was, however, an unlawful act; and so are boxing and any buman institutions, those powerful members, even the right hand, a painting, of three or more figures, excites bed-playing, the succeeding amusements of their posterity: without weapons, can be allowed, without a verdict or astonishment by its excellence : it represents a barbarian I, therefore, if a knight in the former case, or a gladiator in some other legal process adapted to the occasion, by one (Frigio) scated, and near him a woman of majestic deportlatter, be killed, such killing is felony or manslaughter."

or more blows, to deprive a fellow-being of existence; and ment, and with features full of expression. Near to this The right of natural defence does not imply a right of üt: that the commission of that act can be recorded in any is another picture of the same size. It contains about a king; for instead of attacking one another for injuries past impending, men need only have recourse to the proper tri- terms less penal than those of wilful murder ?

dozen figures onę sitting; another representing a warrior, bals of Justice. They cannot, therefore, legally exercise And, in modern days, if, by united and constant appli- holding by the hand a beautiful girl, who is veiled. This is right of preventive defence, but in sudden and violent cation of those members, ships, houses, bridges, and aque- painting is in every respect so beautiful, that we can expect ies, when certain and immediate suffering would be the con- ducts can be completed; legally, and of course conscien- nothing superior to it, if all Pompeii should be cleared.” seuse homicide by the plea of self-defence, it must appear tiously stating the question, should it be allowed that, The esteemed Neapolitan artist, from whom the above t the slayer had no other possible means of escaping from admitting the thousands of other instances and ways in particulars have been received, speaks of the pictures on asailant.

which enterprise and amusement might find gratification, another wall. In one of them is a group of three figures,

Englishmen might, in times of universal peace, from pe- one of which is taking measure of a woman for her dress, uch being the principles of law laid down by Sir Wm. cuniary or any other motives whatever, place two human The next room, which was not quite clear in the middle ekstone, who wrote in the reign of George II. and beings in opposition to cach other, to ascertain whether, of January, is spoken of as pretty, but the figures not so inst which, I may safely presume, no subsequent legal by mere dint of blows yiven by those members, could first good. On the other hand, the rooms to the left of the ent has been recorded, it is clearly deducible that coer. deprive the other of animation or existence ?

above-mentioned Venus contain much that is remarkable. and punishment are not, under any circumstances

The affirmative of these interrogatives would directly Only a small part of the stucco of the next wall is pretever, without previous legal process, regulated by the intimate, that the Almighty, knowing how to form worlds, served ; on which are a handsome Triton and a boy, with ts of Magna Charta itself, allowed to us, as individuals and store them with inhabitants, mercifully made the a trident in his hand, sitting on a dolphin. In a small subjects, to be enforced upon each other. To suppose experiment, with regard to the muscular powers given to adjoining room, which was likewise not quite cleared, my succession of events could, under the British con- the human species ; never intending that those powers there is a white stripe, or border, with battles of the Amaition, supersede these principles or subvert this prac- should be so perverted, as to be withdrawn from those zons painted on it. Cars drawn by two horses between, would, leaving the question of modern improvement, ostensible purposes of raising edifices of wood, stone, or and in the middle a woman with a laurel, and a boy with ded upon the basis of ancestral observation, entirely out other materials, and applied to the individual destruction a sphere (con mondo) in his hand. scussion, suggest the presumption, that, in the laws of those fabrics which he had “fearfully and wonderfully iselves, we had become ignorantly retrograde, and that made.”

Miscellantes. re rapidly approaching that state of society where the

But to return to the statute enactments already on reig may assault and destroy the weak, without being cord in this empire; by the 24 Henry VIII. c. 5. if I Mr. B. of Bath, a most remarkably large, corpulent, å upon, by the justice of the country, to convince throw a stone, brick, or any other ponderous substance, and powerful man, wanting to get to town, tried for a re jurymen that he, “the slayer, had no other possible over any hedge or wall, and that object should deprive any place in the mail, a short time before it set off. Being is of escaping from bis (weaker) assailant.” human subject of life, even though I may be unacquainted and opening the door, which no one near him ventured to le gradations of this conclusion are so obviously com- with his being so there and then placed, it is manslaugh- oppose, he got in. When the other passengers came, le with the prefatory principles, that their transposi- ter; and if the subject were placed on the contrary side the ostler reported that there was a gentleman in the coach; vould evince the absurdity of any other arrangement, of the hedge or wall, so that I could see and know his he was requested to come out; but having drawn up the rould be as useless as telling the jury that the weaker situation, whether I hurl other substances, or wield my tation on the means of making him alight, and a proposal is not to assail and destroy the stronger.

own hands, so that the effects become fatal, the event is, to pull him out,” he let down the blind, and laying his ank God, the juries of these present days know how to in true contradistinction to the other case, actual murder. enormous hand on the edge of the door, he asked, “Who le of such inconsistent propositions; and the venerable

I have, therefore, no right, under any circumstances would dare to pull him out ?" drew up the blind again, s themselves, in their most sacred offices, have lately whatever, to wield or forcibly extend those limbs, without and waiting some time, fell asleep; About one in the sted that the spirit, as well as the statute letter, of le. being previously assured that no human subject is placed morning he awoke, and going to call out to know whererisprudence, shall be brought to public application. within their reach; and, if in defiance of all restraints, fact, that to end the altercation with him, the horses had 1, therefore, shortly appear, that I have no right to ex- both human and divine, I choose to execute such unlawful been put to another coach, and that he had spent the night iyown person to the blows and injuries another subject act, and I am, at the same time, assured that the person at the inn door in Bath, where he had taken possession of pflict; nor can I purchase that right, either from the then within the reach of those extremities was so placed the carriage. in chief magistrate, for any pecuniary or other consi- for the amusement of others, for any nominal distinction, Reasonable Proposal.- A short time since, a prisoner in in whatever; and if, in defiance of all juridical re

or for any pecuniary prize, and his death should be the the Fleet sent to his creditor to inform him that he had a - I choose to do so, and any injury occur to me, my result

, it is, on my part, wilful, savage, and determined proposal to make. . On his arrival the prisoner observed, t legal representatives, without my concurrence, may murder.

4. I have been thinking it a very foolish thing for me to nd assuredly obtain a verdict, for damages. If my The heroic duellists of these modern days, and their being so chargeable to you has given me great uneasiness;

lie here, and put you to the expense of 2s. 4. a-week. My be the consequence of such encounter, forfeiture of equally chivalrous abettors, their accessories and seconds, and God knows what it may cost you in the end. Therey goods and chattels will certainly ensue, and the would consult their own peace of mind, perhaps their per- fore, what I would propose is this : you shall let me out will be, my body must be submitted to the ignominy sonal safety, by taking a timely hint from their truly of prison, and instead of 2s, 4d., you shall allow me only ng interred as a felo de se. sincere advocate and friend, INVESTIGATOR.

15. 6d. a-week, and the other ten-pence shall go

towards the other hand, since the laws are designed, in

the discharge of the debt.” Bold-street, 14th Feb. 1825. priginal construction, to protect or preserve the lives

Genius defined. A wit, being asked what the word ersons of his Majesty's subjects, secondary consi


genius meant, replied, " If you had it in you, you would on suggests itself, that their properties being, gene

not ask the question; but, as you have it not, you will never

know what it means." animal or inanimate objects, are easily transferrable

PAINTINGS JUST DISCOVERED AT POMPEII. one proprietor to another ; but that life itself is not

Signor Fattori, an Italian surgeon, proposed as a remedy may, therefore, during day-light, deprive my fel- We learn that the very promising excavations of the for the tooth-ache, the division of the nerve supplying the

diseased tooth, and to effect this he has invented a new abject of a portion of his possessions, and the deno- Baths, at Pompeii, are proceeding with increased activity. instrument, by which he perforates different parts of the ion of the crime, assignable by law, may be trespass A chamber, with paintings of the most beautiful descrip- painful tooth, and cuts through the nerve. The tooth is, ony; but, in the manual commision of that, or any tion, is spoken of in the highest terms, as the latest dise by this operation, for ever after, rendered insensible.

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