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It will naturally occur to every one, that the poor sick

About this time she was strongly urged by a selection Biographical Notices.

mother felt very anxious on the occasion; she appeared ber of families at Liverpool to make that town het me

exceedingly agitated the whole of the day, and requested dence, they engaging to find her as many pupils as a THE CAMBRIAN MUSICAL PRODIGY. that her son might be sent to her after

Bessy had made might feel disposed to accep. After many argumen

her dcbut; accordingly, between eight and nine o'clock, pro and con, with the poor father, who was grown to Some months since, at the particular request of an eso her son ran home to say, that his sister had been received nervous, and feeble, she was at length permitted to wemed correspondent, we prepared the following biogra- with the greatest applause. The tidings, though good. provided she came over every Saturday, and remained phical sketch for the Kaleidoscope, announcing our intentione more than the affectionate mother could bear ; she him till the Monday. This she continued to do for an ision to accompany its insertion with some notes of the facerely hold e Zhank God and never spoke again. This time, though the distance by land and water loforada editor, written at the time when the heroine of the piece the concede was to wes prudently hoe minder known until afspiles if we

are now drawing to the close or parte was about four years of age. At that period, the editor the degree of interest which it created—a most wonder.tumn of 1820, leaving three daughters and a son, kept a journal, in which he well recollects there is a fully-gifted child left to the care of a blind father! latter being organist of Holywell, in Flintshire, memorandum of a visit which Miss R. paid him in com- The progress that little Bess made was truly astonishing.

tening pany with her father. This notice is mislaid , but we shall and she came the batteh i mnotes and first rudiments of music - Liverpool, where they still remain

, et give it a place in the Kulcidoscope whenever it meets our with such execution, that her patrons proposed to intro opulent inhabitants of that flourishing town. egc.-Edit. Kal.

duce her to his Majesty George III. and the Royal Family. It also gives us pleasure to state that her inome, 120

Accordingly, when she was only just turned of three years to what Mr. Randles left, will ensure ler and her hiszen (From the Biographical Dictionary of Musicians.] and a half she was brought to London, accompanied by a most comfortable maintenance for life. Miss Elizabeth Randles was born at Wrexham, in her father and eldest sister.

The blind minstrel and his infant prodigy were introNorth Wales, on the 1st of August, 1800. Her father,

Miscellanies. who was organist of the church, was blind, and had been duced to their Majesties and the Princesses, who were so since the age of three years; he lost his sight by the highly delighted with their performance. The King pretrayed any peculiar talent for music, except the youngest King went to Randles after he had played a Welsh air on small pox. He had several children, but none of them be. sented the child with a hundred guineas! A circumstance

THE INFANT LYRA. daughter, who, when she was but sixteen months old, the harp, and said, “ Ha! blind, blind, who taught you that this interesting child delighted the public sem naredi

It will be fresh in the recollection of tuany of our main would go to the piano-forte, and endeavour to pick out a melody. In a very short period she could play several Wynn's harper, and please your Majesty." "Ha!

why ago, by her surprising performance on the barp. Forte when her father sounded any note with his voice, she he

was blind too. I remember him well; he and his son often wondered that nothing has since appeared in the would run to the instrument and touch it; this she did used to perform Handel's Choruses on two Welsh harps London papers concerning this infant phenomenon

, very finely before me, about thirty years ago. This anec. vious to the following paragraph, which we extract fin long before she could speak. Mr. Randles became, of course, exceedingly fond of her. dote will serve to corroborate many others which have been published of our late Sovereign's retentive memory.

a late number of the Examiner. and regularly taught her the melody of " Ar hyd y nos,' or, “ The livelong night;" placing her left hand on the berland gardens, for the benefit of Miss Randles; tickets a musical friend, on his way to hear what he caled

Shortly after this a public breakfast was given at Cum. Walking, the other day, into Pall-mall, we were key note. This appeared to delight her, yet she did not (one guinea each) were to be had at Sir W. W. Wynn's Infant Lyra,' a child only four years of age, and what others, so as to form a proper bass to the treble ; her father house, jest Dames's.square. The morning was very fine, been represented as a musical prodigy. We ara seeing this (as he used to say) took some pains with her, the kingdomn, attended, and the child's performance was tempted to witness the efforts of precocious per and she could soon play this, and several other little tunes; the admiration of every one. The profits of the

breakfast, strong entreaty overruled our objection, and we treble and bass, in a very correct manner. Nunn and together with the various sums of money presented to Miss nied him to the Apollo Room, the grotesque Ceistea the summer of 1802; Staunton, who

had often heard the Randles, were vested in the funds, in the names of trustees, bellishments of which formed a striking contrast to me child play, requested that her father

would permit her to defray the expenses of her education, it was recommended gant group of lovely and intelligent faces asemble perform an air on the stage for his benefit Bandles con- that she should perform at the principal provincial towns witness the performance. About half-past three o'cled sented, and taught her the “Downfall of Paris," for her

in the kingdom. debut in public, which took place before she was two years

parents introduced their infant prodigy, and our otice old! The important night arrived, an instruinent was mendation to all parts of the kingdom, Mr. Randles and and interesting features of the child. A harp of a

Having been furnished plentifully with letters of recomto prodigies were, for a time, lost in admiration of the prepared, and at the end of the play the Lilliputian min. his little prodigy, accompanied for a long period by Mr. strel was led on the stage by the little daughter of the Parry, made a very extensive and profitable tour.

mensions was then placed before her; and, instead manager. The applause from a crowded audience was

Randles

The “ Wandering Cambrians," as they were denomi- insipid monotony which might have been expected was sitting behind the scenes, and when

he heard the nated; were exceedingly well received every where, and infant only four years old, we were surprised to hear plaudits of the audience, cried out, while tears trickled were

invited to the nobility's mansions which were con- riety of national airs, English, Irish, and Seetish, down his face— "I

never regretted
the loss of sight till this tiguous to the towns where they gave concerts.

the bold, the lively, and the pathetic, played with a moment. On! what would I give to see my darling varied. PRandles played the harp exquisitely; Eliza, the ness of execution, energy of feeling, and vivacity of child !" Bessy was placed at the instrument, with an piano-forte; Parry, alternately, the Aute, clarionet, and ner, that surprised us.

Never before were ve so apple on her right side, and a cake on her left, both of two or three flageolets. They sang songs, duets, and impressed with the idea of the predominance of which she was to receive if she played well. She com- trios, particularly some harmonized Welsh melodies, in a genius. Great pains must have been taken dat menced, and, to the utter astonishment of all present, very pleasing manner. performed the air with the greatest correctness, particu. larly the running passage in the third part; this she con

Early in 1898 she paid London arother visit, where she young a child in the mere manual operation : buss trived to execute with the thumb and the side of her right was heartily welcomed by her early friends, and a concert discipline could not have produced all the efiet

was given for her benefit at the Hanover-square Rooms, nessed, had not the god of music set his seal sa The interest which this exhibition created was intense

. under the direction of the Hon. John Spencer. Madame and the playfulness and simplicity of hier manter i Sir W. W. Wynn, Lady Dungannon, Lady Cupliffe, in Catalani, the Vaughans: Knyvetts, Bianchi, Weichsell, that little coercion had been used. She played neighbourhood sent for our little Sappho to their mansions, gratuitously, on the occasion. Sir G. Smart conducted harp as she would play with a doll; and, as for the performance. The room was crowded.

sion was concerned, in our judgment, struci where she both astonished and delighted them. In the spring of 1803, Sir W. W. Wynn recommended not accompany Mr. Randles and his daughter any longer, of the regular grown up sisters of the lyte."

As Parry was desirous of residing in London, he could with an energy and feeling more true to natunda that a concert should be performed at Wrexham for her consequently they returned home, and Bessy began to benefit. The worthy Baronet's suggestions were seconded learn the harp; her education was properly attended to, by every person of consequence in the Vale of Mealor; and she was invited to pass a few weeks at the houses of master's customers, a very angry and pimples

A Barber's tale.- When I was apprentice, but, in consequence of the illness of Mrs. Randles, it was several families of distinction, alternately, where, mixing gentleman, always fell to my lot. I generally a postponed from time to time. The poor mother, how. with polished society, she became a very clever, accom- and be basted me for the faults of his own ever, requested that the concert should take place, fore- plished girl. Many offers were made to her father by dif- more he threatened,

and growled, and kicked or seeing but little hopes of her recovery. Arrangements ferent ladies of rank, to adopt her as their own; but while I was shaving him, the more cuts did my tran were accordingly made, under the direction of Parry, the poor dark father would not, nay, could not part with razor inflict. At length he died, and I was sett vbo resided singer, and his daughter, from Liverpool, assisted on the played for him, sang to hin; in short, he could not exist before. There he lay, all pale and horrible, which occasion.

without her for any length of time. The room was crowded at an early hour, and the per. formance went off with the utınost eclat, particularly that a few lessons on the harp from Dizi, and on the piano Terribly frightened was I to be sure, scraping

In 1818 she paid London a visit, with a view of taking was a very little urchin, and mounted the bed to la of the infant, who sang as well as played. Nothing

could from Kalkbrenner, and to see (as she expressed herself) man's face, with no living creature but myself be more innocently interesting than her mode of singing whether she could find any thing new in the art. Both room. My trepidation was so great, that I had not din the following line in the “ Blue Bells of Scotland :"-

these celebrated professors paid her talents the highest above three sweeps, when the razor snipped the "He's gone to fight the French for King George upon the compliment; Dizi, in particular, after placing before her two! Down fell his jaw-aye, just as it used to da throne;"

all the difficult pieces he could find, and hearing her exe- was enraged; and away ran 1, helter-skelter, leaving which she used to lisp out thus,

cute them with the greatest facility, said, Oh, oh, Miss ! tools to take care of themselves I Hang it, thiska . "He's don to âght the French for Ting George upou de fome. I must write expressly for you, I find."

cut him again!

[graphic]
[graphic]

The Naturalist's Diary.

for the fair ; the rough-rinded elm, grave and sedate- Then, mellowed down, an under-strain,
luoking, even in its youth, and already bespeaking the

Like birdish laughter, as again
APRIL, 1825.

future “greenrobed senator of mighty woods;"—these, The suinmons comes, a sweet soprana
with the white stemmed ash, the alder, artificial-looking

Froni thy most fund sultana;
hornbeam, and the as yet bare oak, make up this silent

O wondrous bira! thy varied measure,
(From Time's Telescope)
but happy company.

The very soul of pleasure,
The arrival of the swallow, about the middle of this

Who but an unblest lover could
Of all the months that fill the year,
month, foretels the approach of summer, whose coming,

Have fancied set in minor mood ? ho Give April's month to me, ver, is too often retarded by the retu of winter in

Who but the votary of folly For earth and sky are then so illed angry mood, hurling his last hail-storms at the "proud

Have called it melancholy? With sweet variety! pied" and flower-wreathed head of April; but

That beautiful little bird, the wryneck, next makes ito The apple-blossoms' shower of pearl,

the brightest day hath a cloud;

appearance, preceding the cuckoo by a few days, whose The pear-tree's rosier hue, And, after April, full oft succeeds

soft and mellow, yet powerful voice seems to fill the whole As beautiful as woman's blush, Barren winter, with his wrathful, nipping cold:

concave of the heavens with its two mysterious notes, the As evanescent too. So cares and joys abound, as seasons fleet.

most primitive of musical melodies. Who can listen to

those notes, for the tirst tiale in spring, and not feel bis The purple light, that like a sigh

Hence the swallow has been thus apostrophized by the schoolboy days come back to him i and not as he did iben Comes from the violet bed,

elegant and accomplished “ Family Circle,” who have As there the perfumes of the East written so many beautiful “ POEMS FOR Youth."

look a thousand ways

In bush, and tree, and sky? Had all their odours sbed.

wild tenant of the changeful year, The wild-briar rose, a fragrant cup,

That borne upon the southern wind,

and look in vain, for they are the shyest of all birds ; beTo hold the morning's tear;

Across the ocean's distant waves,

sides, the appearance of this awkward unsightly bird will, The bird's eye, like a sapphire star,

Wouldst here a sheltering region find;

probably, for the future, take away all the mystery of the The primrose, pale like fear.

sound, and, with it, the best half of its beauty, Too soon, alas! from brighter elimes

The other summer birds of passage which arrive this The balls that hang like drifted snow

Thou heedless spread'st thy truant wings:

month, make their appearance in the following order :Upon the guelder-rose,

Too soon thou hither coni'st to greet,

che riny-ousel; the redstart, frequenting old walls and The woodbine's fairy trumpets, whoro

With artless notes, the infant spring.

ruinous edifices; the yellow wren, the swift, the white The elf his war-note blows.

In hoary winter's palsied lap

throat, the grasshopper-lark, the smallest of the lark kind; On every bough there is a bud,

The infant spring all cradled lies,

and the willow.wren, which, as well as the house-wrer, In every bud a flower;

Whilst round the nursling's tender form

destroys many pernicious insects. The kite now approaches But searcely bud or flower will last

The bitter storms unpitying rise.

farm-houses and villages, in search of food and materials Beyond the present hour.

For thee, amid the noontide beam,

for constructing his nest; at other times, unless pinched Now comes a shower-cloud o'er the sky,

No gossamer floats along the vale;

by hunger, he cautiously avoids man and all his haunts. Then all again sunshine; And fled the various insect tribes,

(To be continued.) Then clouds again, but brightened with

That revel in the sumnier gale.
The rainbow's coloured line.
Behind yon mountain's misty brow

& ne investigator. Aye, this, this is the month for mel

The low'ring storm is gathering fast,

[Comprehending Political Economy, Statistics, JurispruI could not love a scene

and sweeps along the cultured plain,

dence, occasional passages from Parliamentary Speeches Where the blue sky was always blue,

And wakes the wind and welkin blast.

of a general nature, occasional Parliamentary DocuThe green earth always green. After the swallow, the next bird that appears is the

ments, and other speculative subjects, excluding Party nightingale ( motacilla luscinia), whose praises have been

Politics. ] th all its caprices, we like the month of April; we chaunted by poets of every clime, and have occupied many Tose laughing and crying days, when sun and shade a page in this month's Diary of our previous volumes. In

ANTIQUITY OF CALICO PRINTING. o rise in billows over the landscape. We like to see our climate, the nightingale seldom sings above six weeks, dden shower coursing over the meadow, and giving generally commencing the last week in April. “: If we

It is a well understood fact, that calico printing was inature a greener smile; and the bright sunbeams happen to be wandering forth (observes the chronicler of troduced into Europe from the East; but it is not 80 g the dying cloud, and turning all its drops into · The Months') on a warm, still evening, during the last generally known that the art was practised by the ancient ads; we like to hear and to feel

week in this month, and passing near a road-side orchard, Egyptians. That such was the case, however, is perfectly The sweet winds that gently dy,

or skirting a little copse in returning from our twilight clear from the following passage in Pliny's Natural His. And sweep the spring's enamelled foor.

ramble, or sitting listlessly on a lawn near some thick tory, lib. 35. c. 2.--" Fingunt et vestes in Ægypto, mira.

plantation, waiting for bed-time, we may chance to be bili genere; candida vela, postquam attrivere illinentes, at a sweet flush of new green has started up to the Stariled from our meditations (of 'whatever kind they may non coloribus, sed cololorem sorbentibus medicamentis. (this meadow! And the new-born daisies that stud be) by a sound, issuing from among the distant leaves. Hoc cum fecere, non apparet in velis ; sed in cortinam and there, give it the look of an emerald sky, pow. That is the nightingale's voice. The cold spells of winter, pigmenti ferventis mersa, post momentum extrahuntur with snowy stars. See, upon the sloping sides of that had kept him so long tongue.tied, and frozen the picta. Mirumque cum sit unus in cortina colos, ex illo ink beneath the hedge-row, what companies of deep fountains of his heart, yield before the mild breath alius atque alius fit in veste, accipientis medicamenti, mes are dedicating their pale beauties to the pleasant of Spring, and he is voluble once more. It is as if the qualitate mutatis Nec postea ablui potest." Translation : that blows over them, and looking as faint withal food of song had been swelling within his breast ever - In Egypt they produce coloured figures on garments hey had senses that could ache' at the rich swect- since it last ceased to flow, and was now gushing forth un- in a remarkable manner. Having first rubbed into the the hidden violets that are growing here and there controllably, and as if he had no will io control it: for white cloths a (liquid) application, not of colours, but of them. The intermediate spots of the bank are now when it does stop for a space, it is suddenly, as if for want drugs, which absorb or fix colours. (Probably they did covered from sight by the various green weeds that of breath.". The sweet song of the nightingale has been not use blocks, but applied their mordaunts by means of up every where, and begin to fill the interstices termed melancholy from the time of Homer to the present a brush or pencil.) When they have done this, it does a the lower stems of the hazel, the hawthorn, the day; but we have shown in our former volumes that this not show upon the cloths; but these being plunged into e eglantine, and the woodbine, that unite their opinion is entirely erroneous; and, in support of this bird's a cauldron of dye, in a boiling state, are immediately farms together above, to form the natural inclo merry note, we have adduced many authorities : we now after taken out coloured, (i. e. with coloured figures or Tat prettiest feature in our English scenery—or at subjoin that of Æschylus, in his Agamemnon, who says, patterns upon them, as the word pictus always denotes, at which communicates a picturesque beauty to

when applied to any article of dress.) It is remarkable, Test. Of the abovenamed shrubs, the hazel is

Ah me! ah me! the nightingale's sweet lot!

that though there is only one colour in the vat or cauldron, as yet in leaf; the scattered leaves of the wood

A sweet existence that lamenteth not;

it produces several different colours in the garment, being ra dull purplish green, are fully spread; the and part of a beautiful ode to this charming songster, by changed according to the properties of the dróg which re. a blossom, offering a pretty but sceniless imitation Mr. CONDOR, from his volume entitled the star in the ceives it ; nor can it be afterwards removed by washing." veet hawthorn-bloom that is to come next month; East, and other Poems," lately published.

The two following passages also seem to relate to the same er is now vigorously putting forth its crisp and

art. Apuleius, (lib. xi.) speaking of a person who was filigree-work of tender green, tipped with red; Thou sad! whose heart such love discloses !

initiated into the rites of Isus, describes him as standing glantine, or wild rose, in all its innocent varieties,

Thou, spring's gay courtier! Thou, the rose's before the image of the goddess" byssina quidem, sed g its green hands as if to welcome the sun. En.

Fond paramour in foreign bowers

floride depicta veste conspicuus.” Dionysius Periegetes, little copse which this inclosure separates from Though, in this Christian land of ours,

a Greek metrical geographer, has a passage relating to the ow, we shall find, on the ground, all the low and

Thou dost so sweetly preach, in sooth,

Seres (supposed to be a people of Eastern Tartary) to the plants pushing forth their various-shaped leaves Of nuptial bliss and wedded truth,

following effect :- They card the produce of the upins, blades, fingers, fringes, and a score of other

In notes that seem to tell its blisses

cultivated land, and fabricate variegated and costly gar. orms; and some of them bearing flowers : among

In set-to-music kisses.

ments, resembling in colour the flowers of the meadows." the wood-anemone, the wood-sorrel, and the Thy trill, and jug, and gurgling murmur.

The art of interweaving figures on cloth, by varying the ethlehem; also, the primrose is to be found here, Now changed to accents louder, firmer,

arrangement of the warp. was also early practised by the rich and full blown as on the open sunny bank Like cuckoo-call; now higher still,

Egyptians. Herodotus (lib. iii. c. 47.) mentions a linen l, and level with our hands and eyes, we find all In lark-like strain or whistle shrill,

cuirass or breastplate, sent by King Amasis to the La. g forest-trees (except the oak) in a kind of half. Responsive to thy lady-mate;

cedemonians, with many figures of animals woven into it; mong these are conspicuous the graceful birch, (For who but she che voice can own.

adding, as a thing extraordinary, that each thread of it, its head like a half-shamefaced, half-affected Which doth so sweetly iterate

though apparently slender, was composed of three hundred the trim Leech, spruce as a village gallant dressed

That same wild, touching monotone

threads, all distinctly visible. Manchester Guardian.

AMERICAN

TO THE EDITOR.

Correspondence.

that the Corporation intend establishing two schools, for now successfully practised and promulgated in the te

the gratuitous instruction of the poor, on “ the Bell or States, and let me tell S and his friends, that is sa LIFTING AT EASTER.

Madras, or, to speak more correctly, the Lancasterian sys- stands as high in American estimation as the Revel A Abont twelve months since, as will be perceived by at all surprised, for persons much more intimately con- does not retract the charge, I do hereby challenge in

tem.” That you should be led into this error I am not Prebendary of Westminster does in Great Britain, il the date, we were favoured with the following letter. nected with schools than you profess to be, entertain the prove that the Madras system is not, * correctly" en Something interfered with its appearance ac that time, same opinion. The fact, however, as to the discovery, and ing, the Lancasterian.-lam, Sir, your obedient ser and we have kept it in our portfolio of reserve until the consequently to whom the merit is due, is certain ; for Dr. and, were I at home, I would date this Washington, present season. This day's Kaleidoscope will appear Bell matured his discovery, and published an epitome of 13, 1825. just during the season of the absurd practice complained the system, before Mr. Lancaster ever had the least idea of by our correspondent. of such a plan.

Miss Foote in Liverpool.-Two attractive concerts The system was discovered at Madras, in the East day) and to-morrow (Tuesday) at which the celebra

last of the season) are announced for this evening (N. SIR,-In an age like the present, in such a country as

Indies, and acted upon there for upwards of seven years, Miss Poote, and several distinguished singer, vil oppe England, where, in almost every class of society, refine- with the most complete success.” III health at length A great variety of favourite music will be perfeme ment of manners has attained so general an ascendancy compelled the Doctor to return to his native country, there is no doubt that Mr. Wilson will be beszereld

. over the uncultivated manners and brutal customs of for. where he published his discovery in 1797. Some time after mer times, it has surprised many others, in common with the publication of this pamphlet, and not till Dr. Bell had myself, that a custom, which stills prevails amongst us, introduced the system into several schools both in London

To Correspondents. should be countenanced and tolerated, which is of itself and the country, Mr. Lancaster opened one in the Borough. as disgraceful as it is ridiculous and absurd. I allude to road, on the same principle, but varying the practices in SECLUDED CEMETEries.— It is our custom, when we strated

any valuable engraving into one of our publications, an the practice of what is denominated • lifting,” which is some immaterial points. From this then arises Mr. Lan

it a place also in the other; and in conformity and annually celebrated on Easter Monday and Tuesday ; caster's claim to originality of invention. Mr. L. desig- practice, we have copied from the Mercury the descript

and representation of the Low-hill General Center, tal the privilege of the former day being claimed by the men nating his plan by his own name, and as he acted upon

ther with some original remarks upon funeral to lift the women, and that of the latter day vice versa. the principle of mutual tuition, induced many people to

in various ages and countries. The subject is zeker The practice of the former day is, however, gradually sub. imagine it an entirely new discovery and different system ;

interesting; and we are glad to perceive that este siding, and has become almost obsolete, whilst that of the whereas, as I have observed before, the principles were like that just finished in Liverpool, are either in fired latter is observed in many cases with indecency and out- precisely the same, the practices only varying. Mr. Lan- ness, or in contemplation, in various parts of the

Whenever they become more general, the changes rage. I consider it necessary here to state, that the class caster himself, in the several editions of his " Improve

hailed as important, in a moral and national på de of women engaged in this unjustifiable frolic is chiefly of ments in Education," published in 1803 and 1805, pub

and these retired and picturesque places of sepultan the lowest description, who, being asseinbled in com

licly acknowledges his obligations to Dr. Bell as the au- visited by many reflecting persons, wbo, is panies, lie in ambush until they observe some one suitable thor of the system.

churchyards, would be subject to every species for their prey, generally a person of genteel appearance,

Dr. Bell, therefore, is not indebted to Mr. Lancaster for and annoyance, totally at variance with the inte

that contemplation which a visit to the martu whom they chase, and, in the event of overtaking, attack the discovery, nor indeed for any subsequent improvement,

dead is so peculiarly calculated to inspire. Sed sans ceremonie. Unless the person assailed comes to their though it must be allowed he owes him much for intro

follow up the article in the present Kaleidoscope, terms, by making them some gratuity, they lay hands ducing it to public notice; for had it not been for Mr. others on the subject of interment in crosrded cities on him, toss him in the air, and otherwise abuse him; Lancaster's itinerant lectures the merits of the system have also in reserve a letter from Philcleet, on the

ject. 60 that, if he do not escape them, he must either sub- would not, perhaps, have been known, as it is, in the premit to be imposed upon, or else be rendered obnoxious sent day. For, to the most numerous and highly re- Good Friday being always with our printers a bolag

,

somewhat disconcerted our arrangements for the as an object of diversion to the surrounding mob. I have spectable auditory, his discourse was extremely tiresome, heard of several gentlemen who have been exposed to this attempting to entertain them with an interview which he unpleasant situation ; and being myself a njan of business, had had with his most gracious Majesty, King George the Tae Bell and LANCASTER SYSTEMS. We have ler who am daily called in those neighbourhoods where these Third, how the King complimented him, and what com- our preceding columns two letters upon the saties

rival pretensions and comparative merits of Dr. 8 gangs assemble, I had, to day, to congratulate myself on pliments he returned ; by which people found that his

Joseph Lancaster; and we have in reserre another the possession of a swift pair of heels, which exempted system was one of self-praise and egotism, rather than a

by S. who awards the palm of priority to Dr. Bele me from being in a similar dilemına; and I can state, regular well digested plan of instruction, and consequently letter shall be given next week, and if one of their from good authority, that some of these parties carry the began to turn their attention to something more rational who addressed himself originally to the Mercers point so far as to obtrude themselves into merchants' and more likely to carry into effect the great design of na. happen to see the Kaleidoscope, we trust be will

credit for impartiality on this occasion. offices with impunity. Our worthy chief magistrates have tional education. And we need no stronger proof of the rendered essential service to those inhabitants who reside superiority of the Madras system, than the decided pre- Musical CRITICISM.—We regret that the letter of Vie

not arrive until it was too late for insertion this are on the outskirts of the east end of the town, and to the ference which is given it, in its almost universal adoption

shall have a place in our next. community at large, by abolishing that resort of disor by every denomination of Christians. Of its real utility derly persons, so properly called Folly Fair, where vice there can be but one opinion ; and I verily believe it is the HAMILTONIAN System. We have seen the pamphlet e

subject, to which a correspondent alludes, and we and immorality waved their banders, and disseminated commencement of that glorious era, and the means by

lose sight of it. their pernicious effects through juvenile circles, and I which the “knowledge of the Lord shall cover the earth,

The lines on the death of Mr. S have been mishad think it highly necessary that their interference should as the waters cover the sea.” cause the custom of lifting to be annihilated, it being

Yours, &c.
PHILACRIBRIS.

have no doubt that they will be found with a certainly amenable to the laws. I, therefore, beg to re

January 13, 1825. commend to them the propriety of giving, in due season,

Doctor Timothy Twist shall be introduced to our

To effect this, Dr. Bell's discoveries were particularly annual public notice, denouncing such punishments applicable. against all offenders in future, as che grievances here

GYMNASIA.-We shall address a note to J. in complained of may require.-By inserting this in your

Chiunque shall hear from us next week. valuable miscellany, many will be obliged to you, but SIR, I am just arrived from the United States, and none more so than

REFORMER.

am forced to declare a goose-quill war against a crooked MANCHESTER GRAND SHIP Cana—The snonymer Liverpool, April 20, 1824. little scribe in last Wednesday's Liverpool Courier. This

beginning "One day as Old Neptune," de. are sever little dwarf (the black dwarf, for all I know, from Madras) THE BELL AND LANCASTER SYSTEMS. steps forward, on the public stage, under the serpentine we have further to acknowledge s-s, A Priends, ed?

form of the nineteenth letter of the alphabet (S.) His
attack on the wel]-earned fame of Mr. Lancaster is com- Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAT

E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord-street, Liverpoed Sir,--As an admirer of Dr. Bell's system of instruc- menced by ringing new changes on the great Bell of tion, and professing to have a practical knowledge of its Sherburne Hospital

. In this age of reason, I wonder Sold also by J. By water & Co. Pool-lane; Erazs.

and Halí, Castle-st.; T.Smith, Paradise-st;T. V.: principles, and of course not unacquainted with its history, any person can be found so unreasonable as to attempt to

Public

Library, Lime-street; E. Willan, Brian I take the liberty of requesting your insertion of the fol. lessen the universal estimation, so justly due to the cele. M. Smith, Tea.dealer and

Stationer, Richmond lowing remarks, in order to correct an assertion in the brated Joseph Lancaster. The Lancasterian system is M. Walker, Milliner, Tea-dealer, and Statiana

Mount Pleasant; Wm. Freer, s6, Byron-scresti Mercury of last week.

. Dr. Bell is Master of Sherburne Hospital, Durham, and J. Lowthian, Library, 3, Great George-plastia In your report of the Council proceedings it is stated, Prebendary of Westminster.

ready money only.

week.

trouble.

week.

TO THE EDITOR.

our next.

TO THE EDITOR.

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familiar Miscellany, from which religiousand politicalmatters are excluded, containsa varietyof originaland selected Articles: comprehending Literature, Criticism Men and Manners, musement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Artsand Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c.&c. forming a handsome Annı al okune, with an Index and Title-page.--Itscirculation rendersit a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements.-Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents.

. 250.- Vol. V.

TUESDAY, APRIL 12, 1825.

PRICE 30.

LETTERS

BY M. ALEX. B.

Natural History.

can have been more than two on each side in use at the Finally, the name animal of the Ohio, which is the most came time. There are, indeed, found in the jaw-bones of admissible, was not, however, quite suitable, since the

young animals, the germs of the sixteen teeth, which Bufo mastodonte is found, not only upon the shores ot'this river, ON THE REVOLUTIONS OF THE GLOBE.

fon supposed them to contain ; but these teeth, like those and in all North America, but also in many parts of the of the elephant, grew only in succession ; when one of Old Continent.

them was worn, and ready to become louse, the tooth be. The name mastodonte, substituted by M. Cuvier for all La legère couche de vie, qui fleurit à la surface du globe, ne hind it was prepared to penetrate the gum. They thus the former, is derived from two Greek words, expressing sure que de rhines --Paris: printed, 1824.

replaced one another, and this animal, like the elephant, the principal characteristic by which this animal may be

finally retained only one tooth on each side ; the number, distinguished, namely, the forme mamelonnée of its teeth. ruslatedes pressly for the Kaleidoscope from a recent French work, therefore, of its molar teeth, amounted to eight during As you may imagine, Madam, the inhabitants of North LETTER X.--OF THE MASTODONTES. youth, and only to four towards the end of life. Con America have attached to the fossil mastodontes found in

sequently the mastodonte, which Buffoon supposed to be their country, notions no less absurd than those to which 'he animal, known during a long time in France by six or eight times larger than the elephant, did not exceed the fossil elephants of Siberia gave rise among the Ruspame of the animal of the Ohio, and called by M. Cuvier the size attained by the fossil elephant.

sians. Some savage nations affirm, that these animals fand mastodonte, bore a very great resemblance to the This conclusion, Madam, is not founded upon mere existed at a time when the earth was inhabited by men of

a size proportioned to theirs, and that the Supreme Being I elephant, and was contemporary with it. Its race is conjecture. There exist two entire skeletons of mastodon- destroyed both races with his thunderbolts. extinct, but its bones have been found, as well as tes, for which we are indebted to the zeal of an American The savages of Virginia believed that a troop of these e of the elephant, in the two continents, although naturalist (M. Peale) who, by means of diligent and care- terrible quadrupeds was destroyed by thunderbolts, for h more frequently in North America than elsewhere. ful research, continued during three months, in the places having killed the other animals created for the use of the y are even so rare in the Old World, that M. Cuvier for where he had been informed that some bones of masto. Indians. “They all perished, except the largest male, g time doubted whether or not they had really been dontes had lately been discovered, succeeded in completing off, as they fell upon it; but huving, at length, been

which, presenting its head to the thunderbolts, shook them d there. them.

wounded in the side, it fled towards the great lakes, where he grand mastodonte must have lived at the same time Towards the middle of the last century, the first notion it remains concealed till this day." the elephant lived, since its bones are almost always began to be entertained in France, respecting the existence Thus, Madam, the savages of America appear to have i mixed with those of the latter animal. Its general of the mastodonte. A French officer, who was sailing fallen into the same error respecting the size of the mastourance and form were the same, with the exception of in the river Ohio, towards the Mississipi, found, on the donte, by which our Buffon was misled; with this differslight differences ; its body, for instance, was longer, edges of a marsh, a heap of hones, which appeared to him ence, that their conclusion was not, like his, the result of

long and laborious reasoning. One advantage, possessed its limbs somewhat thicker. Its tusks, and, most exceedingly curious. He collected a part of them, in by the ignorant over the learned, is, that they are deceived ably, its trunk, were similar to those of the elephant. order to submit them to the inspection of some naturalist, at the expense of less trouble. e mastodonte differed, however, very perceptibly from and brought to Paris a thigh bone, the extremity of a The form of the teeth of the mastodonte, which are more ephant in the form of its molar teeth, which consti- tusk, and three molar teeth, which he supposed to have similar to the teeth of the hippopotamus than to those of the distinctive characteristic of its organization. belonged to an unknown animal.

any other animal, leads us to suppose that this animal, form is, in fact, more rectangular, although in dif. Daubenton, who examined them, declared that the other pulpous parts of vegetables. This sort of nourish.

like the hippopotamus, preferred for its food roots, and the degrees, and they present upon the surface of their thigh bone and the tusk belonged to an elephant, but that ment, without doubt, attracted it to soft and marshy s large tuberosities, rounded at the extremities, and the molar teeth were those of an hippopotamus :-“ It ground, and to the edges of rivers. Nevertheless, it was, ed in pairs, to the number of eight or ten, according cannot be supposed,” says he, " that these teeth, and this as well as the hippopotamus, a terrestrial animal, as it was species. This form is so peculiar , and so easily re- tusk were taken from the same head, or that they both tioned above, and designated by the

name great mastoed, that no one can be mistaken in it, who has once constituted part of the skeleton to which the thigh belonged; donte, is not the only one yet known; there exists ana example of it, whether the tuberosities be still per- in that case, the unknown animal would have had tusks other species, distinguished by strongly.marked charac.

their rounded extremities worn away by mastica- like those of the elephant and molar teeth, like those of teristics, namely, the mastodonte with narrow teeth, whose These teeth are not at all similar to those of car- the hippopotamus.”

remains abound in America, particularly near Santa us animals. Among the herbivorous animals known The existence of this animal, which was at first disputed found in a place in this country, called the Camp of the

Fé de Bogota. Fossil bones of this animal are often the hippopotamus most resembles the mastodonte by Daubenton, was soon afterwards admitted by Buffon, Giants, and have, without doubt, given rise to popular form of its teeth.

then by Daubenton himself, and, finally, by all the natu- traditions, whence the place derives its name. This speon, who was the first to advance, in his Epoques de ralists of the time. The discovery of the fossil bones of cies, more often than that of the great mastodonte, is ure, that the teeth of the mastodonte were found in the mastodonte was the first circumstance by which natu. found buried under the remains of marine bodies. 1 World (before his time none had been found, ex- ralists were led to conclude, that there must formerly have much more rare than those of the great mastodonte ; of

The bones of the mastodonte with narrow teeth, are North America) was led into error respecting the been species in existence, now entirely extinct. the animal to which they had belonged. Having This animal was first called by naturalists, animal of one tibia, brought from the Camp of the Giants, by M.

the large bones of its skeleton there is, at Paris, only d that these teeth were of a square form, and not the Ohio, elephant, and mammoth of the Ohio, from the de Humboldt, and much mutilated at all its 'angles : roportioned in length to the size of the jaw-bone, name of the place where it was first discovered.

according to this single bone, it appears that the mastogined that they must have been numerous.

“ Let

All these names are, as you will perceive, improperly donte, with narrow teeth, had much shorter legs than the yose," says he, “ that there were only six, or even applied to the mastodonte.

great mastodonte. 1 each side. How enormous must have been the That of elephant of the Ohio is not suitable, because the found in Europe, must have belonged to animals of the

Several teeth, smaller than all the others, two of which, ontaining at least sixteen molar teeth, weighing animal is not an elephant.

genus of the mastodonte, have led M. Cuvier to suggest nor twelve pounds." The tooth, which was in his The term mammoth is equally improper, since mammoth that four other species might be added to the two preceed. ion, is preserved in the Museum, and weighs eleven is the name appropriated by the Russians to the fossil ele. ing. He proposes that they should be distinguished by four ounces; it is one of the largest ever seen. phant of their country.

the following names ;-mastodonte des Cordilières, masbd, however, was not misled by the weight of these The name carnivorous elephant, sometimes given to the roide; the latter would belong to the species whose ro

todonte Ilumboldier, petit mastodonte, mastodonte tapiut by their supposed considerable number. He mastodonte, is the most unfit of all, because it owes its mains have been found in Europe. ted that the jaw-bone of the full grown animal con- origin to two erroneous opinions, the animal being neither An almost complete skeleton of a mastodonte with nar. sixteen teeth, whereas it does not appear that there an elephant, nor carnivorous.

row teeth, has lately been dug up in Tuscany.

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glory, if we are found faithful. The prospect of death while it awakens among thinking men an anxious solid tude concerning the state of the soul, when that gra change shall have taken place, has frequently led the also to make a careful provision for the temporary dispose of their bodies, till the morning of the resurrection sta awake them to new life. And such solicitude, shen arises from right principles, is, undoubtedly, praiseñora It is lamentable to behold the state of cemeteries of le standing in large and populous towns; for, in addiuca the really painful emotions which (with all the care those who have the ckarge of them) are daily experiezen by the vast numbers who necessarily pass by them, they are so totally devoid of that privacy and retirement which, in meditating among the tombs, have often getributed to soothe the mind in seasons of affliction; that the closes of them up for the future, and providing etable esco sures for the solemn purpose of interment

, brend és limits of such towns, becomes highly desirable

. Cadete influence of this train of thought, I have oiten tel ten than ordinary satisfaction, on viewing the progres of a work of this kind at the outskirts of our own town, I understand, is now completed, and which s ved adapted to remedy the evils so long complainedd The neat and orderly manner in which the ground in izdel to be laid out, and to be preserved, will render it a plasia and beneficial resort for the serious and contemplate undisturbed by the busy hum of men, and reply to solemn mementos of the uncertainty of the preseci i

There is one part of the arrangement which I certa plate with much satisfaction :- That part of the med which is to be disposed of in square portions, at the end mity, for family places of interment, will afford als dant scope for architectural taste and genius

, taw hitherto I believe unpractised in England. Ichala been the custom in Scotland, where such potics i been allotted to purchasers, around the boundariedad cemeteries, to inclose them in a small building wezen without a roof) according to the taste of the tena proprietors; having an entrance in front, and the pa 60 managed that it appears to conceal the roof.

A taste for architecture has, of late, been vid tended, and many beautiful and appropriate designs be formed for this interesting purpose, from the Egy and Grecian remains in particular, as well as fra Gothic style. Many of these already exist in Seed and to prevent depredations, they are covered (I 1991 lect) with open iron work. Should this suggestira proved, I will, on a future occasion, point out, as fare seription will avail, some peculiarly appropriate dai In the mean time, in great haste,

I remain, Sir, your humble servant, Liverpool, March 30, 1825.

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PAILOTEC

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... 115

ST. MATTHEW'S CHURCH, CAMP FIELD, MANCHESTER.

ON CHURCHYARDS. B. We are indebted to the Proprietor of the Manchester Gazelte for the loan of the above vignette of the new beau.

In Warwickshire, and within the circuit of alami tiful Church of St. Matthew, Camp Field, of which C. Barry, Esq. is the architect. It appeared in a late number han let churches, each surrounded by its low

round Warwick itself, are very many small of the Guzette, together with the following items:

green graves, and grey head stones; the churchyan

the most part, separated only by a sunk fence at a Height of the Spire

182 0

rauling from the

little sheltered grass-plot of a small Length of the Church, from the east end to the front of the west elevation... 139

rectory, the casements of which generally front the Length of the Church exclusive of the arcade and vestibule.........

east window of the church. I like this proximity Breadth

72 0

pastor's dwelling to his Master's house; nay, af te si Height of the roof, from the middle aisle to the centre of the nave groin...... 47 4

of the living to the sanctuary of the dead. It seems The Church, which is calculated to hold nearly 2000 persons, is now nearly finished, and is expected to be opened to remove in part the great barrier of separation here in two or threc months. The spire above the clock is in a style of light

and airy elegance, to which our engraving the two worlds. The end of life, it is true, lies before dues not do justice. The interior of the Church is also extreinely creditable to the taste and judgment of the architect the end of this life, with all its hosts of ranities and fel

threshold of the holy place, before the gates of race SEQUESTERED BURIAL-PLACES.

commissioned angel stands with a flaming sword

, but templations are equally called forth by the fact, which is our entrance to the tree of life. It would seen 2008 (Continued from our last.]

on that day commemorated, of the Redeemer of the world thus abiding, as it were, under the very shadows el

having made a voluntary sacrifice of himself in our stead; sacred walls, and within sight of ean's last earthly nestly TO THE EDITOR.

by the humiliating conviction, that but for that stupendous place, I should feel, as in a charmed circle, mert a SIR.—You have justly observed in your last Mercury, event

we should never have attained to the light and bless from the power of evil influences than if espoed sa il that the ensuing day of your publication in the present week ings which we now enjoy ; and by the undoubted certainty

assaults on the great open desert of the busy world is well adapted to excite serious thoughts; and such con- that we ourselves shall also die, though with the hope of a small church, and burial-ground, and rectory, la

I came abrapily (in my evening walk, you know

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