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(No. XXXII.1 The white to move and give checkmate in four mores


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Rigid, with northern blasts, winter comes on,

Sad Nature shivers in her frosty veil; Fall'n are the leaves, the meadows verdure gone,

Where the herds find their wonted pasture fail. These seek no more to lave them in the stream,

As when the summer sun dispensed his rays, But shun the chilness of its wave, nor deem

Aught of such pleasure there while winter sways. No more they seek the rest the trees' close shade

So grateful gave, when brighter skies prevail'd; For deep around the glittering snows are laid

And earth in one unvaried garment veil'd. Still sullen Winter spreads his barren reign,

And all things droop and deaden in his frown; The flocks wide tracking o'er the sterile plain,

Stary'd and complaining, ask their winter home. In fruitless search the wild-duck wanders o'er

The river's maze, nor finds the accustom'd tide; Hid is the stream, scarce traced by its shore,

In that dead hue which spreads o'er all beside. And now black clouds, collected through the sky,

In silence hang, and, deepening, wildly lower; At once the winds, the storm, and hailstones fly,

And earth loud rings beneath the iron shower. To thee, hail, cultor of the soil!-thy farm,

Barren and bleak, can now no produce yield; Then hie thee home, to thy snug cottage warm,

Fill the glad horn, the crackling faggots build. Til when, at length, thou see'st advancing Spring,

Spread his green signals on the sunny rise, The fields and streams away their fetters fling,

And rigid Winter with his horrors flies.


I saw her like a thing of light,

Upon the green sward dancing;
I saw those eyes so wonderous bright

With love's own witch’ry glancing:
And all too fair she seemed to be
For child of frail mortality,

Too glorious and entrancing;
A very seraph sent to bless
The wanderer of the wilderness.
And all unknown, untried, and new,

The world, earth, ocean, sky,
Reflected in the guileless view

of youthful purity;
Showed as some halcyon place of rest,
Some blessed paradise confest

Where love could never die;
Nor aught of evil might be there
It was so beautiful and fair.
I saw her like a blighted flower

All lustreless and dying;
The spoiler's prey in ruthless hour,

And now, from falsehood flying,
Dark frowned that hallowed realm so fair,
'Twas now the region of despair

For misery made, and sighing;
And Mary prayed that she might die
And in the grave forgotten lie.
I saw her once again, and, oh!

Again a form of light;
Forgot her wrongs, and bosom's woe,

Wrapt in her shroud so white:-
And on that calm and spotless brow
No shade of darkness gathered now,

But oh, supreme delight!
Hope's parting smile was on that face

And whispered" penitence," and "

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TO THE EDITOR. SIR-If you think the following translation of “De Hyeme" worth your notice, it is at your disposal.



Now Winter comes, keen with the northern blast,

And in white folds inwraps the frozen plain; No longer groves their shades o'er meadows cast,

Nor flocks, from verdant lawns, their treasures gain. No more to plunge into the liquid lake,

To cool the languid frame by heat oppress'd; Nor 'neath the shade sweet balmy sleep to take,

For snows now cover every place of rest. Winter still frowns, and nature torpid lies,

The wandering herds desert th' unfruitful meads; To the clear stream, no more the wild-goose flies,

But through cold icy beds his course he leads. Dark clouds now hang, and cast a gloom around,

The pelting hail beats with a heavy roar; No more, oh Swain, with fruit thy fields are crown'd,

Thy dormant farm adds nothing to thy store; Then homeward hie, and drown your cares in wine,

And heap fresh embers on your blazing fire; Soon Spring shall come, o'er verdant fields to shine,

And from its glowing smiles shall frost retire.

“Forget me not," how sweet the sound,

When lips of lovers part;
The magic strain flows softly round,

And steals upon the heart:
“Forget me not," more dear that sigh,
Than “Harps of Angels'" melody.
"Forget me not," in that still hour,

When through the blue expanse
Thou view'st the wandering planets sour,

And stars unnumbered dance;
When Cynthia sheds her lonely ray,
And night is loveller far than day.
“Forget me not," should Fortune shed

Her golden smiles on thee;
And oh! when all her smiles are fled,

Dear girl,“ remember me."
Life's fleeting joys I'd gladly share,
And sooth thee in the hour of care.
“Forget me not," another sun

Has formed the rolling year,
And e'er his destin'd course he's run,

Around the spangled sphere,
Friends may depart, and so may we,
Let us prepare, then, for eternity.
“ Forget me not,” when distant years

My head shall silver o'er;
When all that's lovely now appears,

Shall charm thy soul no more;
Where'er I roam, whate'er my lot,

In joy or woe, “forget me not."
Liverpool, Jan. 1, 1825.

Fashions for February. WALKING DRESS.—Pelisse of gros de Napier, tourterelle colour, made close, and simply Ornate down the sides, and round the border of the skirt, one full rouleau. A delicate row of embossed braidi paments each side of the bust; the pelisse is made out any collar, and is surmounted by a double frild lace, with a Vandyke edge. The sleeves are base rately full, and are finished at the elbows by mancher of a description entirely novel; being formed of fun which stand out very perceptibly from the arın. A nette of fine lace, with a few pomegranate blossom worn under a bonnet of black velvet, ornamented plume of drooping black feathers; a black Chantilly veil is generally worn with this bonnet, throw on one side; the bonnet is encircled round the crown. tied under the chin on the right side, with a rich a ribbon of pomegranate blossom colour and jonqal gold chain, with an eye-glass, or ornaments, come under the belt; the trinket most in favour is a small blematical seal, with some elegant device, and poster nament depending. The half-boots are of black B the gloves lemon colour.

CARRIAGE VISITING DRESS.-A dress Del en blouse, of very fine India muslin, sprigged flounces of broad lace, of a most superb pattern; web is drawn, but sits well to the shape, and is made low: the sleeves of plain muslin, of a cleaner than the dress, made full, but confined from the w the elbow, with bands of muslin finished on the cu of the arm, with rosettes of white satin ribbon. Val mantle of sapphire blue satin, lined throughout, and! with canary yellow levantine. The cape of this beat mantle, which has no hood, descends to the bende arm, and is faced round with canary yellow. The cd à la Française, and from the part where it termina) each side, and the cape commences, is a splendid bar of gold, fastening the mantle, which is left she open, so as to display the dress; on the left side de two rich cordons, each finished by a magnificent all of gold. The hat is of white watered

gros de M crowned with an elegant plumage of white feathers. boots of white kid complete this charming costume, is peculiarly adapted for paying bridal visits to ledi high rank on their first receiving the congratulatan their friends ; or for personally offering respects, so certain etiquette of style in dress is requisite-Is1 Asscinblée.





The Catch, which is one of the most ingenious and enlivening varieties of musical composition, is too often associated with some vulgar double-entendre; which renders it unfit for any respectable company.—It is a circumstance very creditable to the taste and good sense of the two Webbes, father and son, that they never prostituted their superior talents, by pandering to a vitiated taste. In their excellent compositions we find no disgraceful association of fine music and obscenity.-All the glees and atches of the Webbes may with propriety be introduced into the social circle, whether domestic or anacreontic.

The following Glee, by the younger Webbe, which we have been kindly permitted to appropriate, was honoured with the prize-cup at the Harmonic Club, presented by is Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. The piece perhaps may be said to border more than any other of the author's effusions upon that fault to which we have bjected. Those who would raise such an objection, must, however, be extremely fastidious; as the fault, if it be one, consists merely in introducing somewhat proninently a certain very familiar reptile, which too often clings with officious pertinacity to the human head, especially of youth, to the annoyance of every body, except the manufacturers of small-tooth combs. If Mr. Webbe has been guilty of the slightest breach of decorum in thus incidentally introducing into his catch that which Peter Pindar made the subject of an entire poem, the error is atoned for by the moral inculcated by the words; from which we learn, that an idle fellow like Dick, who saunters away his time at the alehouse, is not likely to be over cleanly in his habits.

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joke and has his fun;


ting hour
and kills a flee . • ting

hour in mirth, The bars between ## and FI may be omitted by the first and second voices, in order to shorten the catch until all the voices join, when the whole should be sung

from beginning to end.

or rather the different modifications of the same force. But,

To James Falconer Atlee, of Marchwood, county to proceed, let C E D be a wheel


Southampton, for a process by which planks and a

scantlings of wood will be prevented from shrinking, LADIES in the English and French Languages, His-tric circle, whose diameter, A B,

will be altered and materially improved in their durably tory, Geography, with the Use of the Globes, Writing, Arith-is equal to the length of a stroke

closeness of grain, and power of resisting moisture, metic, Drawing, Dancing, plain and ornamentai Needle of the piston, I, the situation of

to render the same better adapted for ship-building work, &c. at Fifty Guineas per annum.

the crank at any instant of time,

No Entrances or extra charges.


other building purposes, for furniture, and other purpo Italian, Latin, Piano Forte, and Harp, on the Masters and draw H 1 perpendicular to

where close or compact wood is desirable ; insomuch terms.

the axis C D or A B. Now it is

E the wood so prepared will become a new article of Forest Hil, near Nottingham. Respectable references in Liverpool will be given on appli- evident, that the effect of the

merce and manufacture, which he intends calling cation to the Mercury-office. piston upon the crank depends

densed wood.”—11th January.—6 months.

B n the length of the ordinate

To George Sayner, of Hunslet, in the parish of La , is

Yorkshire, dyer, and John Greenwood, of Gomerall, GBON-DENTIST, 25, Bold-street, warranted to remain per Al, and its mean effect is, con

the said county, machine-maker, for improvements and twisting wires, or any fastening whatever to the adjoining sequently as the mean of all the sines of the quadrant, that mode of sawing wood by machinery.--11 th January motions of the jaws, in eating,cannotdisplaceor injurethem, piston, we shall have 6 A B. P. equal to the power exerted on To Thomas Magrath, of Dublin, for his composito fixed without pain, and adapted with such accuracy to there the crank to turn it round its centre. But to turn the wheel to preserve animal and vegetable substates:1106 Jamu ther can the minutest observer distinguish them. These of the carriage, the power must be considered as acting at a ary.- 6 months. Teeth can, with ease, be taken out, cleaned, and replaced to turn the lever A D on its fulcrum D, which is in contact To Thomas Magrath, of Dublin, for his improred as with great safety by the wearer.

with the ground. Hence 6. A D. P is the power which pro paratus for conducting and containing the and other 05, Bold-strect.

duces a velocity in the piston that obtains with the actual fluids, and preserving the same from the effects of free COTTAGE PHYSICIAN.

velocity of the wheel, the ratio of the circumference C ED: 11th January.-6 months. This day is published, price 18. No. I. to be continued

.6. 2 A B. ADP
Monthly, of a New Series of
2 A B; and, therefore,

To John Phipps, of Upper Thames-street, Staten circumn. CED

-is the moving power and Christopher Phipps, of River, Kent, paper-make, TH HE COTTAGE PHYSICIAN AND FAMILY

ADVISER: edited by Dr. BUCHAN, and the Members of the wheel of the carriage. And this result is the foundation improvements in machinery for making paper.-116. of a Private Medical and Philosophical Society.-Contents:- of the Theorems, which appear in the Report, and for the nuary:-6 months. Seasonable Observations on Clothing; Influence of Air, Wea- truth of which I contend.

Tó William Shelton Burnet, of London-street, Land ther, Exercise, and Rest-Walking Stewart's Observations,

4. B. T. in his solution, supposes the carriage to move with for a new method of lessening the drift of ships atsa, &c.-Women, how distigured-Hints to delicate People and Invalids-Medical and Philosophical Observations on Health

an equable velocity, and finds an equation in terms of the protecting them in gales of wind.-11th Jan. and long Life-Description of a healthy old Man-The ge effective pressure on the piston, the length of the stroke, the To Jonathan Andrew, Gilbert Tarleton, and a quine golden Rules of Economy-Age and Constitution of diameter of the wheel, and the power of traction; which is Shepley, of Crumpshall, near Manchester, cotton the celebrated John Wesley, &c.--Remarks on Rules in Diet well enough as far as it extends: But the author of the Report for improvements in the machine used for those

Short tabular View of the human Passions, their Sources,
Varieties, and Deviations-Prescription for the celebrated very justly conceives that the carriage is capable of being water spinning of thread or yarn, which improved mu

Tincture of Long Life-Pills for strengthening delicate Sto- moved with an accelerative velocity, and his aim has been to is so constructed as to perform the operations of sizing
machs—Toothache and Anti-Rheumatic Embrocation-
to people in Health, and advice to the sick signs of good cumference of the carriage-wheel, and thence the relations and of preparing a roving for the same. th Jana
Physicians-Oriental Aphorisms respecting Medicine-0b satisfactorily.

Yours, &c.

C.C. E. To John Heathcoat, of Tiverton, lace manufs servations on Tea, with Directions for choosing good, and Liverpool, 248h Jan 1825.

improvements in machinery, for making bobbin-14detecting Adulterations, &c.-Important Reflections on the

January.-6 months.
Health, Education, and Morals of Children, addressed to
Parents, Boarding Schools, &c.-Practical Observations on


To William Booth and Michael Bailey, of Cell Domestic Economy, addressed to all Ranks -Consolation for

To William Francis Snowden, of Oxford-street, in the Cheshire, machinists, for improvements in spinning, Ladies at the Turn of Life-Symptoms or Signs preceding parish of St. George, Hanover-square, Middlesex, ma- ling, throwing, and twisting silk, wool, cotton, flar, good Cook-Two curious illustrative ancient Wilis–Recipe chinist, for his invented

wheel-way and its carriage or car. 13th January.–6 months. to establish true Friendship-Famines accounted for, &c. &c. riages for the conveyance of passengers, merchandise, and To Joseph Lockett, of Manchester, engraver le

Published by Sherwood and Co. Paternoster Row: Gos other things along roads, rail and other ways, either on a printers and copper roller manufacturer, for improve ling and Egley, Bond-street; and may be had of all Book- level or inclined plane, and applicable to other purposes.- in producing a neb or slob in the shell or cylinder, sellers In Town and Country.

Dated Dec. 18, 1824.-6 months to enrol specification. of copper or other metal, used in the printing of calid Scientific Records.

To John Weiss, of the Strand, Middlesex, surgical in- -14th January.—2 months. strument maker and cutler, for certain improvements on

To William Rudder, of Egbaston, near Birmin [Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve exhausting, injecting, or condensing pumps or springs, and cock-founder, for certain improvements in cocks ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin on the apparatus connected therewith, and which said im January. 6. months. gular Medical Cases - Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi; provements, are applicable to various useful purposes.- in casting cylinders, tubes, and other articles of in

To William Church, of Birmingham, for improve losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical i8th December - 6 months. Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History ; To James Deykin and William Henry Deykin, of Bir- other metals.—18th January.--6 months. Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.; List of Patents;- mingham, button-makers, for an improvement in the mato be continued in a series through the Volume 1 nufacture of military and livery buttons.—230 December. -2 months.

The Philanthropist RAIL-ROADS.

To Daniel Stafford, of Liverpool, for improvements on carriages.-24th December.-6 months.


To Šamuel Denison, of Leeds, whitesmith, and John 910.-In the Mercury of January 21, you have inserted Harris, of Leeds, paper-mould maker, for improvements

At the suggestion of a friend we copy the falou a letter with the

signature A. B. T. containing some animad-iwa machinery for the purpose of making wove and laid teresting article from the Glasgow Mechanica' Jar versions on the mathenjatical reasoning of a writer, who has paper.p: Ist January, 1825.-6 months.

To Pierre Erard, of Great Marlborough-street, Middle TO THE PROPRIETORS OF LARGE MANUFACTA lutely published a pamphlet, entitled a Report on Rail-roads and sex, musical-instrument maker, for certain improvements GENTLEMEN,-| take this mode of addres Locomotive Engines:–The reasoning is designated erróneous, in piano-fortes.-5th January.-6 months.

To Alexander Tilloch, L.L. D. of Islington, for im. ing it to be the most likely channel through it

on a subject in which you are deeply interested and, consequently, all the deductions depending upon it; and 4. B. T. attributes the error to the omission to take into provements in the steam-engine of apparatus connected communication I have to make may reach ya pon

I believe there is no difference of opinion no vonalderation the times during which the several forces act."

To William Henson and William Jackson, both of question of giving education to the lower orders, Heving rend the Report with some attention, and, I trust, Worcester, lace manufacturers, for improvements in ma- the advantage of intellectual improvement to par with understanding, as well as the animadversions, it appears chinery for making bobbin-net-11th January.- 6 months. the humblest condition of life; there bas, in cons to me that the latter are erronejus, and the mathematical To Goldsworthy Gurney, of Argyle-street, Hanover: been, for some time, a general desire to sur investigations given in the former quite correct; and my ob- instrument, in the use of which a performer is enabled to reading and writing have been multiplied in every?

square, surgeon, for his improved finger-keyed musical people the means of instruction, and schools for a jeot in addressing you, is to beg you will insert, in your next hold or prolong the notes, and to increase or modify the the country. repet, some illustration of the principles employed by the tone.-ilth January.-6 months.

But in merely teaching the people to read we sly author of the Report, who has, perhaps, explained them rather To Francis Gybbon Spilsbury, of Leek, Staffordshire, to them the door to knowledge, and, unless to too briefly.

silk-manufacturer, for improvements

in weaving.–11th duce them to pass the portal," the stores which lies

January.-6 months. With regard to the alleged mistake of omitting to take into

will remain useless to them.' The people of the di

To William Hirst, of Leeds, cloth-manufacturer, for Asiatic nations have, for an unknown period of tin account the times during which the forces act, I would re

improvements in spinning and shabbing machinesi-11th the advantage of being taught to read; but thri mark, that in comparing varlable forces, it is done only for an January.-6 months. beramental or Indefinitely small portion of time, whilst these To John Frederick Smith, of Dunston Hall, Chester. could have access, no benefit followed the attainment

guages supplying no practically useful works to which forees are sapposed uniform; and hence, In this case, the field, Derbyshire, Esquire, for improvements in the prepa- they have not advanced their own condition befond Boros ate as the velocities, which are also as the spaces passed ration of slivers or tops from wool, cotton, or other fibrous it appears to have been two thousand years ago, and over. And, therefore, the author of the Report, in that part of kis. conscalag which is alluded to, did right to consider the field, Esquire, for improvements in dressing and finishing. The necessity, therefore, of doing something

To John Frederick Smith, of Dunston Hall, Chester- means which minister to human happiness and enjoy

not been able to furnish one solitary contribution Dino BAVOR DE sonstant, with reference to the different forces, woollen-cloths. 11th January.--6 months.

than merely teaching the people to read, has sol,


Jed observation. Libraries, supported by, subscrip. They had, a little before this time, got an Atlas, which work were enabled to adopt sinuilar measures. What

and donations from the higher orders, have been they say, led them to think of purchasing a pair of globes ; might we not then be entitled to look for, in useful intened in different places for the use of mechanics and and one from among theniselves, Alexander Anderson, tions and discoveries, from minds awakened and invigoGans; and establishments for teaching them the branches by trade a joiner, who had had the advantage of attending rated by the self-discipline which such a mode of inscience connected with their respective employments, two courses of the lectures in the Adersonian Institution, struction requires ? 209 the plan of the lectures given to mechanics in the volunteered, about the beginning of last winter, to explain The Gas-light Company, seeing the beneficial consendersonian Institution here, have been made in Edin to them, on the Monday evenings, the use of the globes. quences resulting from the instruction of their work. urgh and London, and in several of our large manufac- Finding himself succeed in doing this, he offered io give people, have fitted up for them, this winter, a more com. isg towns. All this is in excellent spirit, and calculat- them, on the Thursday evenings, an account of some of modious room to meet in for their lectures, with a small to do much good. But to make these measures effectu- the principles and processes in mechanics and chymistry, laboratory and workshop attached to it, where they can y and permanently useful, I am satisfied, from the accompanied with a few experiments

. This he effected conduct their experiments, and prepare the models to be kervations which I have had an opportunity of making, with a simplicity of illustration and usefulness of purpose used in the lectures. The men, last year, made for k these establishments, after they are once set a going, that was delightful. He next, and while this was going themselves an air.pump, and an electrifying-machine, and ght to be supported and conducted, in a great measure, on, undertook, along with another of the workmen, to some of them are constantly engaged during their spare the people themselves, in place of being managed,

as attend in the reading-room during the other evenings hours in the laboratory and workshop. the case at present, by their superiors. of the week, and teach such of the members as chose it

The whole of the workmen, with the exception of about We have had sufficient experience of the progressive arithmet c.

fifteen, have now become members of the society, and laration which takes place in the management of public For the business of this season, the members of the these have been standing out upon the plea that they cantitutions by gratuitous directors from the

higher classes, society, who conduct every thing themselves, bave made not read: they are chicfly men from the remote parts of the fervour which has set the machine in motion has a new arrangement.

the Highlands, or from Ireland-but the others say to jun to subside ; and the apathy with which the com- The individuals of the committee have come under an them, ** Join us, and we shall teach you to read :" and I A people soon come to receive every thing that is done agreement to give, in rotation, a lecture, either in chy. have no doubt of their persuading them to do so. others, for their benefit, is matter of daily complaint. mistry or mechanics, every Thursday evening; taking

The rules of the society, which have been framed by the at, whenever they can be led to consider the undertaking Murray for their text-book in the one, and Ferguson in members themselves, are simple and judicious. Every which they are engaged as their own, its success never the other. They intimate, a fortnight before, to the per person, on becoming a member, pays 7s. 6d. of entry user to be an object of interest to them. The im. son whose turn it is, that he is to lecture from such a page money. This sum is taken from him by instalments, and rtance, too, which attaches to the management of such to such a page of one of these authors. He has, in con: is paid back to him again should he leave the gas-woska, rust, gives rise to honest feelings of self-respect, which, sequence, these fourteen days to make himself acquainted or to his family or heirs, should he die. Besides this en: ides a value of, perhaps, still greater consideration, with his subject, and he is authorised to claim, during trance money, each member contributes three half-pence e their weight in keeping up the interest I have men that period, the assistance of every member of the society weekly, two-thirds of which, by a rule made this year, go ed.

in preparing the chymical experiments, or making the to the library, and one-third to the use of the laboratory These consequences, which we see taking place in the little models of machines required for illustrating his dis- and workshop. By a rule made at the same time, which i osite systems of management, I have noticed, flow course.

think a carious indication of the change of feeling pro. le from principles inherent in our nature, and serve to It is a remarkable circumstance in this unique process duced in these men in the short period since the commenceicate to us that the more closely we can frame our of instruction, that there has been no backwardness found ment of the society, the members may bring to the lec. sures for the people, in correspondence with their na- on the part of any of the individuals to undertake to lectures any of their

sons who are above seven and under I feelings, the more permanently successful they are ture in his tuin, nor the slightest diffidence exhibited in twenty one years of age. Uy to be.

the execution ; this I can attribute only to its being set The books now amount to above three hundred volumes, hare considered it right to perface the communication about without pretension or affectation of knowledge, and and consist of elementary works of science, and of history, ve to make to you, Gentlemen, with these few general merely as a means of mutual improvement, and nothing, voyages, and travels ; some of the standard poets, a few rations. I will now proceed to give you an accouni I conceive,

could have been
better devised for

accomplish- of our best novels, and Shakspeare's works. The seleclittle Institution formed here for the improvement of ing this end. Indeed, I might with confidence say ihat, tion of the books purchased by the library funds is, in igle body of workmen, the history of which will show under this simple system of mutual instruction, which has general, creditable to the members of the society. I is possible to be accomplished by each of you in the grown out of the train of circumstances I have mentioned, They admit no books on religion into the library. The ness of alacation, independent of what may be effect these persons, many of whom, when they joined the so menubers say that there are among them men of a variety

the greater general establishments I have taken the ciety, were in a state of complete ignorance, have acquired of persuas ons--Presbyterians, Seceders, Methodists, sy of adverting to ; and, if I am not mistaken, it will a clearer idea and more perfect knowledge of the subjects Church of England men, and Catholics; each of whoni rup views with regard to the instruction of the people, which have been brought under their consideration, than would be for introducing books connected with their par.

efficacious, more easily executed, and more practi- would be found to have been obtained by any similar ticular opinions, and thus give occasion to endless un proapplicable to the end, than any we are yet acquainted number of students who had been attending the courses fitable disputes.

of lectures given in the usual way by the most approved I hope that you will agree with me, Gentlemen, in conbe Gas Light Chartered Company of this city, in lecturers.

sidering that there are valuable ideas on the subject of b I hold a considerable interest, and of whose com. On the Monday evenings the society has a voluntary popular education to be gathered from the little history e of direction I have for some years been a member, lecture from any of their number who chooses to give no- 1 have just given; and that what has been so usefully done loy constantly between sixty and seventy men in their tice of his intention, on either of these branches of science, by the people at the Glasgow Gas-work, is capable of

Twelve of these are mechanics, and the remain or upon any other useful practical subject he may propose being efected not only by the workmen in every manuurnace-men and common labourers of different de and there is, with the general body, the same simple facturing establishment, but in every part of the country ions, forming altogether a community not very unhesitating frankness and disposition to come forward in where a few persons can be induced to form a society for Ising as a body to be incited to adopt measures for their turn, that exists among the members of the com- mutual improvement. In places where there is a schoolown intellectual improvement. mittee with regard to the lectures prescribed to them.

room, the use of it might be had for one or two evenings ittle more than three yeare ago, our manager at the I think it will be interesting, and may not be without in the week, and the books might be kept in presses so

Mr. James B. Nelson, proposed to these men to use, to mention particularly the subjects of the different placed as not to incommode the scholars. The schoolbate each a small sum monthly, to be laid out in lectures that have been given since this plan was adop ted. master, too, might probably make a valuable member to form a library for their common use; and he in. They commenced in the month of September, and are as of the committee. Where assistance was wanted to pro. d them that, if they agreed to do this, the Company follows:

cure these accommodations, the pecuniary contributions give them a room to keep the books in, which 1. Upon 'solidity, inactivity, mobility, divisibility. 2: of the more wealthy persons of the neighbourhood, for I be heated and lighted for them in winter, and in Attraction, cohesion, and repulsion. 3. Attraction of gra- this end, would be doubly repaid to them in the improved they might meet every evening to read and converse, vitation. 4. Centre of gravity, expansion of metals. 5. character of all around them. The course of mutual inte of going to the alehouse, as many of them had Magnetism and electricity. 6. Central forces--all motion struction to be adopted in these little societies might be n the practice of doing. That the Company would naturally takes a rectilineal line. 7. Mechanical powers. varied 10 suit every pursuit in life, and each society, proI give them a present of five guineas to set out with, 8. The lever, wheel, and axle. 9. The pulley: 10. The secuting inquiry in the direction of the particular occuat the management of the funds, library, and every wedge and screw. 11. Attraction of gravitation. 12. pation or business of its own members, would, while they connected with the measure, should be entrusted to Wheel carriages. 13. The primitive form of crystals. were improving themselves, be in the most likely state mittee of themselves, to be named and renewed by 14. Hydrostatics.

to furnish valuable contributions to the stock of general u certain fixed periods.

The voluntary Lectures began at the same time, and knowledge. ha good deal of persuasion, Mr. Nelson got four. have been as follows:

Since writing the preceding, which was som weeks ago hthem to agree to the plan, and a commencement 1. Upon the air-pump. 2. Electricity. 3. An introduc. communicated by me in a letter to Dr. Birkbeck, I have ng made. For the first two years, until it could be tion to chymistry, principally to show chymical affinity. read the excellent article in the last number of the Edinined that the members would bave a proper care of 4. The properties of the atmosphere. 6. The corn mill. burgh Review, on the scientific education of the people, and oks, it was agreed that they should nor take them 6. Coal mining; 7. Practical observations on the blast- am happy to find the general views I had been led to form the reading-room, but that they should meet there ing of whinrock. 8. Boring, sinking, and mining, and on this subject, from what I had had the opportunity of rening to peruse them. After this period, how the properties of Sir Humphry Davy's lamp. 3. The witnessing in the different establishments here, sanctioned the members were allowed to take the books bome; globes. 10. Ditto. 11. Navigating á vessel from the and confirmed by this able and enlightened writer. In. ast year, they met only twice a week at the reading. Thames to the Orkney Isles. 12. The nature of carbonic deed, there is so much information collected in this article o change them, and converse on what they had been acid gas. 13. A description of Captain Manby's in. on what has been done, in different parts of the country, The increase of the number of subscribers to vention for the safety of ship-wrecked seamen.

in instructing the people, and so many ruggestions with rary was at first very slow, and, at the end of the The effect of all that I have been relating has been regard to what may yet be effected, that it is to be wished year, the whole did not amount to thirty. But most beneficial to the general character and happiness of that it could be printed separately in a cheap edition, and onversing with one another twice a week at the these individuals, and we may readily conceive what a circulated in every quarter of the country.

I am, with apon the acquisitions they had been anaking, a valuable part of the community they are likely to become, great respect, Gentlemen, your obedient servant, ar science and a desire for informacion began to and what the state of the whole of our manufacturing

VUGALD BANNATYNE. operatives would be, if the people employed in every largel Glasgow, December 25, 1824.

among them.




they find the aforesaid temperature in any degree annoying. TPELLIER LE GRUMBLER, NO. VI, is this der

Precautions will also be taken by means of gauze masks, taining-Fifteen original Letters relative to suggested FIRE.

&c. to prevent the workmen from being choked with the provements in Liverpool, Nuisances complained of,

cotton-fuz, of which that philanthropist Cobbete so pathe- lars, old Dock, Charitable Institution for Females, Searce TO THE EDITOR.* tically complains.

Nocturnal Depredators, Flagging Streets, Sunday Slavery SIR,-Being anxious that a well-organized system A few shares in this promising establishment may be New Scotch Church, Charity Schools, &c. &c.

ON SALE, should be established in this populous town, for the early secured, by immediate application to

Vol. I, II, III, IV, of the KALEIDOSCOPE, with a copied extinction of fires, I am induced, through the medium of

Messrs. MOONSHINE and Co.

Index to each; Price, in boards, Sixteen Shillingt; to ben

of all the Agents. your journal, to call upon those who Teel interested in this

The following detached Publications may also be had subject (as indeed every individual ought) to give their

the same publishers. Vive la Bagatelle.

A Perspective VIEW of the LIVERPOOL NEW MARKET ideas as to the most effectual method of co-operating with

with a GROUND PLAN of the INTERIOR of that extensis

Structure.-Price Sixpence. those valuable institutions, the fire insurance companies, " In order to employ one part of this life in serious and important An elegantly-engraved VIEW of the LIVERPOOL TOWN to check the early progress of this destructive element, occupations, it is necessary to spend another in mere amuse- HALL, with a Plan of the SPLENDID SUITE

OF Rooas

, sad

JOHN LOCKE. full Description of that admired Edifice.-Price Sispestprior to the arrival of the engines, as a considerable time

There is a time to laugh and a time to u eep."-SOLOMON. [This publication is adapted to binding with the Kalidere necessarily elapses before these can be brought into action.

A MAP and DESCRIPTION of the celebrated MANNOTA A respectable individual has been very actively employed, SOLUTIONS TO THE CONUNDRUMS, &c. IN OUR LAST. Twopence.

CAVE (several miles in extent) in North Amerías - Price of late, in endeavouring to introduce amongst the circle of 31. Because it is infirm awry (infirmary!!!)

A Lithographic PORTRAIT of OLD ELLES TATE, who

lately died in the Liverpool Workhouse, aged 110 years, 190 his friends fire-buckets. I am one of those who, at first, 32. Because they are disinterestedly employed in the months, and 12 days.-Price Sixpence. turned a deaf ear to his importunities, foolishly consider.common weal ( common wheel!)

Mr. ROSCOE'S DISCOURSE on the Opening of the Llieing, that in having effected an insurance upon my property, 33. Buckthorn. 34. Matchless. 35. Bugbear. 36. Star- pool ROYAL INSTITUTION.-Price Fourpenee.

PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS upon the EDUCATION I had done all that was necessary; but, reflecting on the

the PEOPLE, addressed to the Working Classes sad the

We were about to close our bagatelle department for the Employers, by HENRY BROUGHAM, Esq. M. PERS. PL loss that must necessarily be experienced to those, like

Sixpence. myself, engaged in business, by its suspension, occasioned season, when we were favoured with the following commuby the destructive effects of fire, my prejudices vanished; to become a very accomplished literary squinter. As bisogles

nication from a new correspondent, who promises, in time, and the more I have since reflected upon the subject, the are of a most whimsical cast, we shall favour our readers

To Correspondents. more I feel convinced, that if every family would provide themselves with a few buckets, and with these, filled with with a few of his charades, together with the following Mechanical Paradox.—The discussion to which ou a

on the article recently published in the Sostean be water from their cisterns, on the first alarm of fire repair note, in which the “Great Unlenown” introduces himself.

given rise, possesses so much interest, as a scientife TO THE EDITOR.

blem, that we make no apology for transferring my to the assistance of their neighbours, several hundred

SIR, You will perceive I am a new correspondent, munication on the subject from the Mercury to the Like gallons of water could thus, in a few minutes, be brought though I am an old subscriber. I have often wished to scope. The letter of A. B. T. this week is the fith at to the scene of action, and a successive supply kept up distinguish myself, and add to my honours, by making

series, and a sixth will appear next week. It is reye till the engines arrived. In most cases, by this timely aid, my appearance in the Kaleidoscope. If you deem the

gular that the public journals are so silent upon its progress would be greatly checked, if not entirely got following attempts at puzzling worthy a place in your

subject. The singular position contended for by the

man is either true or false ; and, as its resultar under.

admired publication, I shall be glad to see them inserted, tant, it is of some consequence to settle the quest I would here suggest the propriety of every respectable when convenient. They are all original to me; but if I way or the other. inhabitant being allowed and called upon to act as a spe- have chanced to hit upon any word that has already been Warm and VAPOUR BATHS.—We have it in contemple cial constable, in cases of fire. A well-digested plan, with on the rack, you will be able to discover it, and turn it offer some remarks upon this subject next week, the co-operation of these, would very speedily extinguish out. If these have the good fortune to pass the ordeal, I obtained Mr. Coglan's permission to appropriate the most fires, and at the same time secure the property of the may perhaps take the first opportunity of again exercising

or any part of a little work on the subject, white sufferers from those depredators who are generally very my wits.

Yours, &c.

drawn up with care and ability. We shall preface FUN.

a few editorial observations. active in assisting themselves on these distressing occasions. The expense incurred in the purchase of a few buckets


VALENTINE'S DAY. We have in reserve for our best would, in a great measure, be reimbursed by the extra

Sailor's Valentine, with the original of wbieh w 37. A game at cards, a great nian, a letter, and a girl

some time ago favoured by Little B. bonus that the fire-offices would be enabled to appropriate of fifteen, when joined together, will compose a useful to the insured, in proportion as losses are diminished by a piece of furniture. well-organized system, actively carried into effect by the 38. My whole is a small animal,

by depriving me of one. RICHARDSON's SonneTS, AND OTHER POEMS—We have di inhabitants of this and every other town. third I become a large one, take off another third and I be

at the pages of this newly-published volume, recomm

to our perusal by A Friend, and we have seen enough come a great river. As I wish to see this subject taken up by those more 39. A mode of conveyance and a fond mother's delight,

contents to convince us that it is a work of a

character. We shall take the first opportunity to competent to the task than myself, I shall feel obliged if when joined together, are trodden under foot.

our readers with some selections. you will appropriate a corner in your future papers, under 40. My whole is considered valuable by all, take off one the head • Fire," until a well-digested system shall have quarter and I become like an old woman, take another ARTICLES IN PREPARATION. We have in hand, for inte been established, being as desirable as it is important.

quarter, and what remains of me is considered highly ho- publication,--A new Song, the words by Lord Bytv nourable.

music by Mr. Samuel Smith, of Manchester-405 Yours, &c.

C. 41. What word in the English language expresses the and brief chronology of the principal events & following question: Are you a reserved man ?

1824—Extracts from Mr.Brougham's recent worice 42. It is required to ask the following question in one cation of the people Letter of Phillharmonicas—TB LIVERPOOL VERSUS MANCHESTER. word :-Are

person spoken of ?

phical Sketches of Bolivar and other South Antei 43. Why does a person belonging to the Society of manders Account of a recently discovered isted " When Greek meets Greek, then is the tug of war." Friends resemble a sprightly young horse ?

Southern Ocean_Other letters respecting Raila 44. Why does a man that has satisfied himself with eat. the newly advanced Mechanical Paradox-Sets ing fruit of the garden resemble a vestry at a full meeting?

tions by L. Man-Interesting original Letters acted SIR,In consequence of the recent project of convert45. It is required to make the name of a delightful,

of the Reformation upon Literature and Misc ing Manchester into a seaport, by making " a navigable rogeneous mass :-One end of a sack, an old English beamusing, and instructive article, from the following hete

Letter No. II. from a Literary Devotee, on Capitali pa ship canal from the Irish Sea, at the mouth of the Dee, verage, a human sense, a word denoting confusion, and Music and MUSICAL CRITICISM.—The letter of Naan direct to Manchester," we have to announce that a company one denoting liberty.

London, is reserved for next week; and also the wat has been established in Liverpool, called “ The Liverpool Joint Stock Cotton Company," with a capital of ten Mr. Brougham has written a very interesting pamphlet, Vive LA BAGATELLE.-In order that we may have the millions (be the same more or less ;) the object of which which we take this opportunity to recommend to the perusal tunity of introducing some whimsical conundrums, ra is to erect at least one hundred cotton factories in Liver. of all our readers, who will find it advertised along with the

since our last, we shall prolong this department fra pool, which project, amongst other beneficial results, will Liver, in this day's Kaleidoscope. It is entitled "* Practical

or two. This note applies to w.w.C.C.ONentirely ruin Manchester. The Liverpool factories will to the Working Classes and their Employers.” Any profits Observations upon the Education of the People, addressed

A Respectable Burgers and A Constant Reader. possess many advantages over those of Manchester. The arising from this work will be given to the London Me- Tue Council of Ten.-The communication of these heat will never exceed eighty degrees, so that the ope-chanics’ Institution; and as the price fixed upon it is no men reached us too late for insertion this week. rative manufacturers will be some degrees better off more than sixpence, we expect it will have an immense than they now are, according to the statement of Mr. circulation. Mr. Brougham is not one of tbose who an. Cobbett, whose word no one can dispute. The workmen his suggestions for promoting that great national object Printed, published, and sold, EVERT TUESDAY will also have the great advantage of sea bathing, should are most valuable.

E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord-street, Liverpool



of Manchester.

J. L's letter has been received.

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