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JOHN LOCKE.

TO THE EDITOR.

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tacking it, very adroitly glides past, and levels his spear of South America) will oftentimes feed upon the leaves, 8. Why is a tattered beggar like a rich landlord ? against some weak, unoffending opponent of his own buds, and tender bark of the Indian fig-tree. Foxes oc- 9. Why is an economical cook like a tight-laced dandy? raising up, which he would fain persuade us is the strong casionally feed upon insects and fish, as likewise do cats. 10. Why are wagers like ducks' eggs? man armed set up by his antagonist. If he does not do heartily as if it were the most substantial and wholesome for a cough like a pleasant beverage ?

11. Why is a gainea paid to a physician who presaba this, he endeavours to besmear me with the filth which he diet possible. An old mouse, whose depredations have 12. Which trade should a wise man especially study? has gleaned far from the disputed ground, and which more than once provoked me, was long in the habit of 13. Subtract 45 from 45, and the answer will be 45. only became filth when brought in contact with his de- attacking quills or pens, during his nocturnal predatory 14. There are two words in the English language is filing touch. This is not exaggerated ;-read the obscene excursions, until death, or the claws of a cat, checked his which the five vowels, and the letter which is somelite jest in his letter of November 16th. Up to that date, he and gnawing them nearly through, he rendered them phabetic succession ; which are they?

By commencing an attack just above the barrel, a vowel and sometimes a consonant, follow each other in had behaved like a gentleman, and I treated him like a quite useless, with very little trouble; and thus hundreds 15. There is a word in our language of five letten gentleman, and in this letter I have called him such; but, fell victims to his rapacity. It is my intention to renew which most men like; deprived of its first letter it is the alas ! he no longer merits so honourable a title.—How this subject upon a more interesting and extensive plan.- every man. likes; that, deprived of 'its first letter, is what art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morn. Yours, &c.

0. R.

he must be that likes neither! ing !'-Yours, &c.

Y. Z.

. I do not mean to infer that this is contrary to nature, Liverpool, Dec. 10, 1824. but that it is the first instance of the kind which has met my

To Correspondents. observation, Correspondence.

The HAMILTONIAN SYSTEM.--The hunjorous taskus. Hive la Bagatelle.

ledged in our last is reluctantly postponed til at urt ANIMAL APPETITE.

We found ourselves compelled either to adopt this step, In order to employ one part of this life in serious and important to give one portion now, and the remainder the following

occupations, it is necessary to spend another in mere amuse- week. This separation of a subject may suit sone species " Jejunus stomachus rari vulgaria tomuit."—Hor.

of composition; but it is calculated to detract very nets There is a time to laugh and a time to weep."-SOLOMON. rially from the interest of a communication like this

which this note applies, and we bave therefore preferred SIR,- Providence seems originally to have allotted to

SOLUTION TO PUZZLE III.

week's delay, that we may give the letter entire. every creature an appetite for diet of some peculiar kind,

Eggs and that in general most suitable to its disposition, climate,

The first sold one pennyworth at............ 7 for 1 and animal economy. But we sometimes meet with such

The remaining 3 eggs at 3d. each.......

MUSIC.—The length of the two articles last week, on the

ject of rail-roads, and Mr. M'Culloch's lectures, hare is curious deviations as completely to verify the poet's excla.

fered somewhat with our preconcerted arrangement, mation, “Nature has fram'd strange fellows in her time.”

have obliged us to defer until next week an original must The ancients were certainly fond of rarities; snails, singing The second sold 4 pennyworth at 7 a penny 28 for 4

composed by S. of Manchester. birds' tongues, peacocks' brains, &c. formed, sometimes, The remaining two at 3d. each...........

DER FREISCHUTZ.-In answer to the inquiry of several fries no inconsiderable portion of the bill of fare; but in modern times, although these delicacies are neglected gene

we take this opportunity to state, that the title of the

pular piece, to which the music of Weber has given rally, yet we do not lack some “ choice spirits," who serve

brity, is pronounced as if it were in English, Der Fry to remind us of good old times.” Whole provinces have The third sold 7 pennyworth at 7 a penny...49 for 7

which signifies the Freebooter, or Freeshot, answer been ransacked for insects, reptiles, and raiæ aves, to fill The remaining one at 3d...

we understand, to our term Poacher, or perhaps wen the colossal dish of some epicurean gormandizer.

more appropriately say to Robin Hood and his miem Reamur mentions a young lady who never observed a

10 spider in her grounds without cracking pit on the spot.

SOLUTION TO NO. V. The celebrated Anna Maria Shurman used to eat them

Ashton SQUABBLES.-The letter of A Constant Reader

This trick on a billiard talike nuts, to which she affirmed they bore a resemblance

consideration. We fear it is calculated to do no good, in taste. Lalande was also very fond of these insects. A

ble is performed by placing rather to interrupt that good harmony which we wish German, immortalized by Rösel, used them instead of

iwo cues, with their points seebsisting between our Ashton friends. toneret, butter to his bread, remarking that they were very good

resting against the two balls, will ponder on the matter.

and their butts, as represented and useful. Albertus Magnus says he saw a maid at Coleni, who, at the age of three years, would hunt

in the annexed sketch, touch- RAL Roads.-In conformity with the mara we about the walls for spiders, which she generally cracked this position, the ball (a) be driven forward, so as to

ing each other: if, when in “Audi alteram partem." we have published Mr. Grearen between her teeth. Elias Ashmole relates that he was strike the butt ends of the two cues, where they unite in

port on Rail-roads, or rather upon a particular nith wont to hang them about his neck like beads, to charm an angle, the other two balls will, of course, be driven into

A gentleman, well versed in the subject, tutends, away the ague. Anthony Maliabechi used to caution via the pockets 1 2.

lieve, to furnish us with a refutation of Mr. Grestere

clusions, which, he assures us, is from the pen of that sitors against hurting his spiders, and their webs, upon

When the trick is tried with the book and marbles, as tleman himself. Our columns are impartially open te entering his room. But in foreign climes there have been, in some parti. &c. may be substituted for the two billiard cues.

we proposed last week, any small articles, as two pencils, momentous subject. cular districts, tribes always famous for forming dainty

J. H. junior's communication is deferred one reek, in diet of insects. Some Ethiopian casts were named Aerido.

that we may append to it a note, with which went phagi, (locust eaters) from their feeding upon that destruc.

yet prepared. tive race. König observes, that the natives of some parts

A, b, c, represent the of the East Indies make a great variety of delicious pastry

pockets of one side of a bil- The TRANSLATION FROM SCHILLER shall appear in our ot' white ants !

liard table. Near the mouth

In the meantime, the friend to whom we are indela According to Smeathman, the Hottentots skim the

of the pocket b stands one the copy will further oblige us, if he will state where standing pool" or lake, with calabashes, for their car

Lilliard ball, black, in the

is an original translation; or whether it is capiat, sketch ; and in a direct line

from what source. cases, at the time of swarming, and parch them over a

It strikes us that we have met fire as we do coffee: they then fall to and eat them, as

another ball (1.) These before; and certain inaccuracies in the MS. lead be we do comfits. Our traveller, who, perhaps, thought with

two balls and the pocket are

lieve that the present translation is not the produs

the transcriber. Sancho Panza, that “the proof of the pudding is in the in a right line; and the puzzle is, how to put the ball 1 eating of it,” partook of this dish several times, comparing into the pocket b without touching or disturbing the ball Vive LA BAGATELLE-All the contributions with the taste to sugаred cream, or sweet almonds.-Smeath at the mouth of that pocket.

have been favoured in this department have site

This trick, like the former, may be performed with mar. man, 31.

peared in our previous volumes, and we dare Dot Free Tlie New Caledonians devour with avidity great num- bles on a table, thus:--Let a black marble be placed

upon frequent repetition. Our work has now SR bers of spiders, nearly an inch long. Humbolt has seen within an inch of the edge of the table, and a white mar.

so many domestic libraries that it may not be apart Indian children draw from the earth great numbers of ble placed at a short distance from it, say twelve inches;

here to remind our readers, that, if they wish for centipedes, eighteen inches long, and nearly one inch a cup, box, or can, may then be held off the table, where

ment for the young people at this season of the yer broad, which they devoured with great eagerness. How the pocket stands in the engraving. The cup, or can, may give them an innocent and a welcome treat by refer an alderman would start upon beholding a genuine dish and the two marbles being all in a right line. The trick

to the following places in our former volumes of these indian delicacies served up in all the simplicity of then is, by a flirt of the finger, &c. to put the white mar. pages 213, 220, 221, 236, 244, 263:-Vol. II. pages 16. nature! How few of our ladies would emulate the cou- ble into the can, &c. without touching or disturbing the 204, 205, 212, 213, 221, 229, 236:-Vol. III. pages fun, rage, vivacity, and taste, of those fair epicures, who ea- black marble.

213, 227, 236, 333, 416 :--Vol. IV. pages 8, 23, 205, 9IS, garly cracked monstrous black spiders like nuts or al

222, 234, 235, 240, 249, 260, 268, 273, 284, 314, 313, SOLUTIONS TO THE CONUNDRUMS IN OUR LAST. monds! And, furthermore, what a curious conflict would

322, 340, 348, 372, 379, 389, 400, 404, 420, 428.

1. Because they are in the habit of stealing (steeling) have resulted froin one of these fair ones making an inroad

knives. into the study of the learned Maliabechi, “sweeping his

We shall address a note to Solomon Nightingale in our ner tarks and herds !"

2. Because it is becoming a woman.

The TRANSLATION of “ La Gloire Militaire," by Ingredie Quadrupeds, or birds, will oftentimes deviate from the 3. Because they are (forbidding, for bidding. beaten tract of nature, as habit, necessity, or caprice, tend

4. Watchman.-5. Noah.-6. Waistcoat.

also that by J. H. S. are reseryed for our next. to lead them. Wolves will fill their stomachs with mud, in default of better fare. Jackals will devour harness,

Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAT, shoes, and indigestible substances. Black tigers (natives 7. Why is a leg of mutton boiled, like a May-pole ? E. SMITH & Co. 75,

Lord-street, Liverpool.

2

RECREATION VI.

b

NEW CONUNDRUMS.

Literary and Scientific mirror.

OR,

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** UTILE DUI (I."

hla famillar Miscellany, from which religiousand politicalmatters are excluded, containsa varietyof originalandselected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual Volume, with an Index and Title-page.--Its circulationrenders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements.--Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents.

No. 237.- Vol. V.

TUESDAY, JANUARY il. 1825

PRICE 34

Natural History.

open squares, and the middle of the streets. Persons tents, we are exposed to all the changes of the weather,

who were in upper stories were, in general, more fortu. I observe that the most delicate persons seem to suffer as LETTERS

nate than those who attempted to escape by the doors; as little from these inconveniences as the most healthy and ON THE REVOLUTIONS OF THE GLOBE.

the latter were buried under the ruins, with the greatest robust. Every thing still remains in great confusion : we

part of the people passing on foot in the streets. Those have neither change of dress, nor furniture, nor money to BY M. ALEX B.

who were in carriages were the least exposed to danger, procure them elsewhere. La legère couche de vie, qui Neurit à la surface du globe, ne although the coachmen and horses were much injured ; All Europe is interested in the immense loss of money Puere que des ruines.

but the number of persons crushed in the houses and and merchandise, caused by this catastropbe: but no naParis: printed, 1824.

streets was not to be compared to that of the people who tion has lost so much as ours. The number of English ranslated expressly for the Kaleidoscope from a recent French were buried under the ruins of the churches, which were who have been killed is small, in comparison with that of Work.)

all filled, as the day was appointed for the celebration of other foreigners, but many have been much injured : and LETTER III.-—(CONTINUED.)

a great festival, and as it was the hour of mass. The what adds to their misfortune is, that although there are ARTHQUAKE AT Lisbon, OF THE FIRST OF NOVEMBER, 1756. churches here are much more numerous than all those here two English surgeons besides myself, it has been im. Particolars addressed to one of the members of the Royal were very high, almost all fell with the vaulted roofs of and dressings.

of London and Westminster together; the steeples, which possible to relieve them for want of instruments, bandages, lets, in London, by M. Wolfall, surgeon ; extracts from the churches, so that very few persons escaped death. Weroptical Transactions.*)

Two days after the first shock, orders were issued to dig Lisbon, November 18, 1755.

If the work of destruction had ended there, it would in search of bodies, and a great number of those found f you have other correspondents here, they will probably lives could not have been restored, part of the immense wonder that we did not all perish. I lodged in a house

were restored to life. I could relate instances of very not have been entirely without remedy; although the lost extraordinary recoveries. In a word, there is cause to able to describe to you the terrible catastrophe which just destroyed this city, in a much more satisfactory riches

, buried under the ruins, might have been recovered. inhabited by thirty-eight persons, only four of whom were ha particulars as the present

agitated state of my spirits two hours after the shock, Aames broke out in different son ; twelve hundred in the general hospital ; of the in: permit me to give you, will, without doubt, be more parts of the town; they were occasioned by the kitchen each, four hundred persons, none escaped. The Spanish zeable to you than the uncertain accounts contained fires, which, in the general overthrow, had been brought Ambassador perished with thirty-five servants. I cannot the public papers. All that I shall attempt to do will into contact with combustible matter of every species. at present enter into further particulars, it is only by to communicate to you, with candour and truth, a Soon afterwards a strong wind arose, and so much in. chance that I have the

paper upon which I write, and a iin history of the facts I have witnessed.

creased the violence of the fire, that, at the end of three garden wall serves me for a desk. le is, perhaps, necessary to tell you first, that, since the days, the city was reduced to ashes. All the elements were at Belima, a palace at a league's distance from the inning of the year 1750, we have had much less rain seemed to have conspired to destroy us. Immediately town. The King's palace in the city fell with the first

usual; so great a drought was never before known. after the shock, which happened nearly at the time of shock; but it is affirmed among the inhabitants of the i spring, however, a sufficient quantity of rain

fell to high tide, the sea rose in an instant, forty feet beyond its country, that the first building that was overturned, was lace very abundant harvests. The summer has been ordinary bounds, and, if it had not retired with equal part of the kingdom, but more particularly along the er than usual, and, during the last forty days,

the precipitation, the whole town would have remained in coasts. Faro, Saint Ubalds and some of the great come

undated. ther has been very clear and fine, though not so much

mercial towns are, if possible, in a still more deplorable to excite surprise. On the first day of this month,

As soon as we had time to reflect, nothing but images situation than Lisbon. The town of Porto entirely escaped. bout twenty minutes before ten in the morning, a

The cause of all these disasters may have proceeded from of death presented themselves to our imagination, at shock of an earthquake was felt; it appeared to last

First, we dreaded lest the great number of dead bodies, with a captain of a vessel, apparently a man of great

the bottom of the Western Ocean. I have just conversed the tenth part of a minute, and, at the same mo

which, in the general confusion, it was impossible to bury, sense, who has told me, that when he was at fifty leagues' all the churches and convents of the town, together should give rise to a contagious malady. The fire con distance from land, he experienced a shock so violent, that

the deck of his vessel was much shattered by it. He at the King's palace, and the magnificent Opera. house sumed them, and prevented this fatal effect. ning, were levelled to the ground; in a word, not a

We were next assailed by the fear of famine, as Lisbon first thought that he had been mistaken in his calculation, e edifice of considerable magnitude remained stand is the repository of corn for all the country round, to the diately threw out his ship boat to save his crew; but

he nearly a fourth part of the private houses were also extent

of fifty miles. Some of the granaries were, how. fortunately succeeded in bringing his vessel into port, alDyed, and, according to a very moderate calculation, ever, fortunately preserved; and although, during three though in a damaged state.

228 November.-I omitted in my last letter to mention 30,000 persons perished. It is impossible to de. days after the earthquake, an ounce of bread was sold for e the hideous spectacle of dead bodies, and the

cries a pound of gold, it afterwards

became so abundant, as to duration of the earthquake, which was from five to seven Brosus of the dying, half buried in the ruins. The remove our apprehensions of perishing with hunger.

minutes. The first shock was extremely short, and was and consternation were so great, that the most re

Our third great cause of terror was the probability that followed, with the quickness of lightning by two others ; persons had not presence of mind to remove a few the lower classes of the people would take advantage of these three together have generally been considered as one. from the individuals whom they most loved, al. the general dismay to murder and rob the small number Towards noon there was a fourth concussion ; I was then several lives might have been saved by this means: of those who had been able to save some part of their pro-portunity of seeing the walls of several houses, which yet ae was intent solely upon seeking his own safety. perty: Some depredations were in fact committed, upon remained standing, riven more than a foot asunder, from ost probable means of securing this was to reach the which the king ordered gibbets to be erected all round the top to bottom, and again closed so exactly, that there reextraordinary agitation of the water, without any cution, among whom were included several English sailors, only shock we have experienced within the last four days town, and after about a hundred persons had suffered exe- mained no mark of separation,

Since my last letter, much heavy rain has fallen ; the Fible motion of the land, had been observed in different + England, as well in the inland counties as upon the the further progress of this evil was arrested. Est, on the same day, and nearly about the time in We are still in a state of perplexity: we have ex

was very slight. the most violent commotions of land and water affected perienced twenty-two distinct shocks, since the first, al.

•The earthquake which destroyed Lisbon was felt, not parts of the slote, at considerable distances from

each though none has been sufficiently violent to overturn the only in the neighbouring countries, but even in very distant en were described the phenomena attending this agita buildings which escaped the first concussion. People do from diferent places by the Royal Society of London, will aid such as they appeared in the different places where it not get venture to sleep in their houses. It has raised be found in the 49th vol. of Philosophical Transactions, for the

during several nights, and for want of materials to build year 1755, pages 398,413, and those following.

TO THE EDITOR

Literature, Criticism, &c.

tion of words (avoiding solecisms, &c.) he adds “ All these enrich and beautify our own. As I find that Spaniš in

things we must learn by grammar.” Now ! will thank one of the languages taught by Mr. H. I hope he mil pe ON THE HAMILTONIAN SYSTEM.

Mr. H., or any body else who happens to be in the secret, his pupils on their guard against Cervantes, De Solis, et to acquaint me who the monks were that composed the glos- many other authors undeservedly called classical; she, in

saries and grammars used by Cato and Cicero; to what or- defiance of his precept to the contrary, have the audacity SIR,—Having recently attended one of those lectures in ders they chiefly belonged ; and whether any account of to use the same word in five, six, or even seven diflever which Mr. Hamilton is kindly undertaking to open the them is to be met with in the Ecclesiastical Histories? As acceptations. For example, they do not serupe to employ Kiberty of offering to you a few desultory thoughts, on full of grammatical precepts about genders, cases, declen- fit of illness

, an excuse, a matter or subject, a secret second what appear to me to be the chief beauties and advantages sions, &c. &c. I should wish to inquire whether he was sation, and a composition with smugglers,– just as a per of his system. I must do him the justice to op- that I Grand Master of the Order of Knights Templars, as I simonious country.gentleman makes his one man sertate am thoroughly convinced of the superiority of being taught, take it for granted that he must have been a military perform the functions of butler, cook, gardiner, coachmen, over the present absurd method of learning; for he has monk, and too ambitious to be satisfied with any subordi. groom, and footman. There is also another clas of vuilera certainly taught me a variety of things which I should nate situation.". With respect to Valerius Probus, Pau- of whom I would seriously exhort all Hamiltonians to be never have discovered by my own study. Among other sanias, Apollonius Dyscolus, and about fifty other gram- ware

. Many of them have doubtless heard great prakses novel and interesting matters, I am particularly delighted marians and lexicographers, Greek and Roman, who flous of French cooks, and French cookery; and, after baring with the information that the simple sounds of all lan- rished and manufactured their pernicious commodities, had their fill of Moliere, Racine, and Fenelon, tas para guages are the same ;" and that no one who speaks Eng. from the first to the sixth century, I should be glad to sibly feel desirous to know what has been said by the most lish need experience any difficulty in pronouncing Arabic, know whether any of their miracles are recorded in the approved masters in the noble and useful art of eaieg. Russian, or any other language on the face of the earth. Acta Sanctorum, or any of their sufferings in the martyro- Now one Monsieur de Beauvilliers, and several of the As I presume that other nations enjoy the same facilities logies. I must ingenuously confess that I have not been fraternity, practical cooks by profession, and auber of as ourselves, it is, doubtless, from igncrance of Mr. H.'s able to meet with any thing of the kind in the course of certain books called “ Le Cuisinier par fail," " C'era de principles, or some defect in the application of them, that my own reading, except some obscure intimations that Gostronomie,” &c. &c. not content with talking on our French and German visitors are perpetually shocking one of them, called Priscian, frequently used to get his stiks de mouton,” and “ros bif d'agneau," with tortadig our ears with their “dis,” « dat,” and “toder,” and ob- head broken, which, perhaps, Mr. H. will think was no mince pies into “misy paes," and telling their minuten stinately persist in saying "didder," instead of “thither," more than he deserved for his pains. I doubt not that the countrymen that a boiled round of beef, with turnips, i for the thirty-thousandth time. However, when the new Catholic Board will make a handsome acknowledgment to in England, called "ros.bif,” have, moreover, taken we system shall have superseded every other, we may hope Mr. H. for thus clearly proving the high antiquity of mo- dalous liberties with their own mother tongue. A! N that all such unseemly corruptions will be exploded ; that nastic establishments.

H.'s pupils who have gone through a course of Freed no French sojourner then will talk of binding St. Paul with I am also happy to find that Mr. H. is likely to effect as doubtless, know very well that “ gir" means a mi “ tongs,” or degrade his fashionable friends into “tin" great a revolution in logic as in philology. Of his im- filet” a thread, " barde” a bard or poet, " peilar" men and tin” women ; that our Northumbrian brethren provements in this science, he furnishes us with an admi- straw bed, and " cimier” a crest. How, then, mas may overcome their burr, and speak of a “romantic rural rable specimen in his demonstration that every existing stare, when the above-mentioned Epicurean philosopa ride" so as to be understood by a Cockney; and that no dictionary is a tissue of errors, from beginning to end. direct them to make half-a-score different dishes or luckless Englishman will hereafter lose his way in Wales, “ Had the authors," says he, "contented themselves with de veau” or smiles of a calf; to season their gratis because he cannot make the natives comprehend that he giving one signification to each word, that might possibly “ un filet," i. e. a thread of vinegar; to truss their turka wishes to go to Llandifrydog, Llanuwchllyn, or Llanfair. have been the right one; but, as they give at least two, with * des bardes,” or poels of bacon ; to put their nga pwllgwyngyll.

nothing can be more clear that both are absolutely false.” to the fire in a "paillasse," or straw bed; and to cut the I was no less gratified with Mr. H.'s novel and enter- To me this reasoning is quite convincing ; and my only “ bif-stiks” from a “cimier de boeuf," or ax's esse taining account of the origin of grammars and dictionaries. fear is, lest some perverse people should stumble upon an Surely those wicked cooks” deserve, like Heliogabala "Want of money makes me write," was the frank confes- unlucky application of it. A person might say, for exam. to be “ soused in boiling oil alive," or at least to barela sion of our old friend Tim Bobbin; and the same is sup- ple, “I am desirous to acquire French, if I could be sure own books administered to them in sandwiches, for s posed to be the great stimulus of most of the book-makers of meeting with a competent teacher ; but I find that Mon- flagrant violations of the propriety of language! in this book-making generation. Formerly, it seems, the sieur P.... has one system and Mr. Hamilton another, dia- In conclusion, I would humbly suggest to Mr. H. case was very different, as the monks, who (according to metrically opposite ; therefore I will not believe that either the leading principle of his system is capable oi a to Mr. H.) were the never-sufficiently-to-be-reprobated inven- of them understands a word about the matter.” Doubt. more extensive application than has ever yet been atter tors of the above pests of learning, took the mischievous less Mr. H. does not wish his argument to be pushed quite At present, when a youth commences arithmetic, be a pains to compile them, not because they were poor, but so far as this ; and I hope he will take care to guard the undergo the useless drudgery of learning numeratie,a because they were inordinately rich and lazy. Who does public against any such mischievous perversion of his prin- the four fundamental rules; and, if he advances to not see in this a melancholy confirmation of the old adage, ciple. For my own part, I cordially assent to his axiomi, matics, he is compelled to waste a great deal of pre that “ money is the root of all evil,” as well as an illustra- that words have only one meaning, and that it is very time upon definitions, axioms, and elementary pre tion of Pope's celebrated couplet,

wrong to give them more; and I highly approve of the tions. There is also another abuse, which calls solo -“ Satan now is wiser than of yore,

example afforded by Mr. H. himself, who, in his various loudly for reformation. A most preposterous practice And tempts by making rich, not making poor?" translations, is careful never to offend by too much mcan- hitherto prevailed of making children begin their e As I rely implicitly upon this account, and am persuaded, ing. I also agree with him that translators have, hitherto, by learning the alphabet ; and thus the poor little inza moreover, that Mr. H. has all the literature of Greece and been very faulty in this respect; and that all performances of are tyrannically compelled to commit to memory that Rome at his fingers' ends, I should be obliged to him, or this sort (except his own) are very far from being so literal as of five or six and twenty letters, they neither keer met die any of his partners, for some information on one or two they ought to be. We may trust, however, that such unwar. why, and afterwards to spell, over and over agat, points, respecting which I still feel a little uncertainty. rantable license will be no longer tolerated; and that notitude of syllables, equally devoid of interest and son Many of your readers are probably aware that Mr. H., in one, for instance, who has to translate the sentence “Il y to the great impediment of their progress, and the main lis lectures, occasionally alludes to Cato's acquiring Greek a ici un petit garçon qui a cinq pains d'orge et deux petits rious detriment of their reasoning faculties. I trust, e at the age of eighty, and informs us that he could not pos- poissonsmais qu'est ce de cela pour tant de gens ?” will ever, that a new light has dawned upon this hitherts sibly have done this in the absurd round-about method of dare to render it otherwise than “ He there has here a lit- nighted world, and that the rising generation will not our grammar schools ;, but that he must have learnt it, or, tle boy, who has five breads of barley and two little fishes; subjected much longer to such odious, irrational, andi to speak more correctly, must have been taught it, on the but what is this of that for so much of peoples ?" And lerable thraldom. Let us, then, gladly hail the appra Hamiltonian system. Now I find that Cato (quoted by Gel- let no caviller object that such phrases are not English; ing period, when the triumph of reason and Hamile lius) talks of certain "glossaria,” or vocabularics, as ex- for, admitting that at present they are not, we must allow principles shall be complete ; when the young tant in his time, and I grieve to say it, because I fear it " qu'ils meritent bien de l'etre;” and that, by thus natu- cian, agreeably to the epic precept of entering at enca will lower him in Mr. H.'s estimation, there is some rea- ralizing the idioms of all other languages, we shall greatly medias res,” shall be allowed to begin by “ Agaring as son to suspect that he occasionally consulled them. I hope

* As Cæsar is said to have been a general, and to have spent • A friend of mine, having consulted his dictionary Mr. H. will be able to vindicate his memory from this re- a good deal of time in France, he may possibly have been "Ge- I have too much respect for Mr. Hamilton to think of atta proach ; but I fear it will not be so easy to acquit Cicero of neral des Truillans," of the reformed order of St. Bernard. ing) informs me that all the above French words are se being somewhat monkishly inclined. It is recorded of + Our continental neighbours have set us a laudable exam-tible of a different interpretation, ex. gr.—that "en" him, by Quintilian, that he had studied grammar, very from Shakspeare they have converted" pale and woe-begone" but a rump of beef. I admit that his explanations

are ple of this strict verbal accuracy. In one of their translations veau" is a sweet-bread, and" un cimnier de boeuf not an earl diligently; and, in one of his own rhetorical treatises, after into a pale et douleur alles vous en," together with a number of plausible, and have no great objection to accede to them. speaking at sonse length on the government and construc- ' other renderings, equally correct and appropriate.

vided they are sanctioned by my Magnus Apollo, Mr. Hami

arith

TO THE EDITOR.

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th the cube root and geometrical progression ; when the expressions (rough or smooth) for what he wishes to say, practise it himself:- Quod quis juris in alium statuit, eo

ANTI-SUTOR.
ro in mathematics shall be straightway introduced to the either in prose or in verse. That he sometimes carries a ipse utetur.)-Yours, &c.
blimities of Newton's Principia, or La Place's Méca- little too much sail, or too little ballast, in his excursions, Liverpool, Jan. 4, 1825.
que Celeste ; and when no one, whose province it is to is quite another affair; and he may alter that at his own

teach the young idea how to shoot,” shall be so unrea- convenience, and to his own great benefit.
nable as to require a child to know his letters before he I cannot conceive why he should, all at once, work

Chit Chat.
zins to read.
Yours, &c.

himself into such a passion, and why he should want to Preston, Dec. 21, 1824.'

Caution for Christmas.-Ladies, let us entreat ye not
VERBEIENSIS. fight the whole battle over again from the very beginning. to forget the damp and cold nights of this season. Beware

It almost appears as if his anger had been corked up for of balls and midnight parties or rather of the manner in
TRANSLATIONS, &c.

some time, and had unexpectedly escaped without his per- which you quit them. " A stitch in time saves nine."
ceiving it ; for he seems totally unaware of his fighting Cover your throat, ears, legs, and feet well, before you

with a shadow, which fatigues him to no purpose. There tempt the keen blast, or cold shower of two o'clock in the SIR-Considering the great length to which the dis- is nothing in what he says about the study of Latin, and morning. Don't be ashamed to draw a pair of worsted ssion between Mr. y. Z. and myself has already been the education of the ladies, which has not already been a great coat

, should your shawl be too flimsy; nay spurn

hose orer your silk ones, nor blush to wrap yourself up in tended, it is really a great pity that this gentleman answered or granted; and it is really an enigma to me not a “ drop o' brandy" when the clock warns you of ruld have wasted so much of his time in proving what why he should now (after two entervening letters) fly into your departure from the merry meeting. These thingsnts no proof at all, and what I had voluntarily admitted a rage about what was never offensive at any time, since if you fear death or doctor's bill.-Medical Adviser. my very first letter, and repeated in my last; namely, I had not only admitted that there was a pleasure in tran. An apothecary reproached an attorney with the number at there are passages, in every language, which cannot be slating for ladies, but had, according to his own decla- of strange words which the law indulged in, and, among ndered in another with the same neatness and brevity. ration, considerably improved upon the subject; so much others, asked what was meant by the words “ Docking an The extracts from Mr. Campbell may be very interest- so, indeed, that I found it necessary to cool his enthusiasm entail ?"..." Why, doctor,” replied the lawyer, “it is

doing what you will not do with your patients; it is sufferg to those who had not read them before; but they have a little by adding the question—" Whether he was so ing a recovery." stainly nothing to do with our cause. Mr. C. spoke as very sure, that matters would never take a worse course ?" moet, and as a teacher of rhetoric; and, in both caWith regard to the number of your male readers who

• The candles you sold me last were very bad,' said Suett

to a tallow chandler. ities, he must often have experienced the superiority of understand Latin, I have expressed no doubt at all; and that. Yes, sir, do you know they burnt to the middle,

• Indeed, sir, I am very sorry for ciseness, which the Latin idiom undoubtedly possesses, it is passing strange that Y. Z. should pretend to know and would then burn no longer.''. Good heavens, you many instances, ofer some of the modern languages, my thoughts.

surprise me ! what, sir, did they go out.' No, sir, no;
rticularly with regard to personal pronouns and ellipses ; He further gives the following words as extracted from one they burnt shorter.'
d, if there were any necessity, or moral obligation, to of my letters :-—"Well, Sir, let those who cannot write not An Irish Judge noted for his parsimony, one day while
nslate literally, and yet with the brevity of the original, make the attempt.” But when and where did I say that? mounted on a miserable half-starved Rosinante, met Joynt

complaint would be just: but where is that necessity, in what number, and in what page? If he will look at Parsons, whom (as knowing as horse flesh) he consulted
a for a poet? what should prevent him from giving number 226, page 139, he will there find the following: he, “ I have tried every thing with him that could be
ther turn to the phrase, if that will better the effect in _“I do not mean to say that he should be always thought ot, what would you recommend ?” “Why," re-
Language into which he translates? he is not obliged ready to speak or to write with classical elegance; but I plied the lawyer, “it is hard to say; but has your Lord-
indertake a task which he does not feel himself com- maintain that he should always try to do his best.” In ship ever tried him with a feed of oats ?”
ent to complete ; and Mr. Campbell can scarcely have the meantime, it is certainly true, that such people as are

At the coronation of the Emperors of China it was cusa serious when he said that dum saturent could only not obliged to write in public may let it alone, if they do tomary to present them with several sorts of marbles, and Englished by—" provided they fill my belly." not feel themselves competent to the task.

of different colours, by the hand of a mason, who was lottos are, of course, difficult to translate ; because it I shall answer his paragraph about the draper, as soon then to address the new Emperor to this purpose :

“ Choose, mighty Sir, under which of these stones, heir very conciseness which has made them into mottos as he will tell me what he means by the word honour,

Your pleasure is that we should lay your bones." the original language: those who brought them for printed in italics ; for I cannot, at present, attach any They brought him patterns for his grave-stone, that the ad did so because they contained much sense in a small meaning to that; and, as I have but just shown that he prospect of death might contain his thoughts within the прах. . Every nation has some expressions which it ascribes to me a sentence which I never wrote, he cannot due bounds of modesty and moderation in the midst of his ald be difficult for another to understand without ex- blame me for insisting on an explanation.

new honours. nation or elongation; and the more a language is cul.

His complaint about my harsh behaviour comes with a Personal Security.“ Will you do me a favour," says ited, the more it will become elegant and powerful. very bad grace from one whom you had introduced by young George Brooks to his wealthy friend, Simon Han. modern nation has as yet equalled antiquity in that saying that he was very severe, and who confirmed your son. " What is it, George ?" says Hanson. “ I wish ect, because none has as yet taken the same trouble opinion by confessing that he had intended to be even you to lend me a hundred pounds, Sir," replies George.

óc Call at my counting-house,” rejoined Hanson. George its native language which the Greeks and the Ro- more bitter than the attacked person could imagine. I

was not long in paying his respects.

“What security can 3s took with theirs. The French have, indeed, taken had no recourse to the dispute between 2. and him, you give me, young gentlemen?” My own personal le pains in that line, and their labours have not re- but inasmuch as it served my argument, in showing the security, Sir.". “ Very well; get in here," says Hanson, ned without reward; for they can now express many origin of the contest, which was certainly not carried on lifting up the lid of a large iron-chest. “Get in there!” iga with more delicacy than their neighbours, although with gentleness on either side of the classical gentlemen. exclaimed George in astonishment;“what for?” “

• Why,

that is the place where I always keep my securities." ir tongue is not naturally a rich one, and owes much I had not attacked Y. Z., for my first letter was rather on e to art than to fulness. We are always talking and his side; and he forced me to become his antagonist in my When to leave off Drinking. When you feel particu. ing about the ancients, but we do not imitate their own defence. What then does he mean with all his fretting larly desirous of having another glass, leave off; you have tice. They exerted themselves in what interested and foaming? the language which he uses can only dis- had enough. When you look at a distant object, and 1, and what lay before them; whereas we are always grace himself, and I am sorry for it, because I really think When you knock over your glass, spill your wine upon

appear to see two, leave off ; you have had too much. ing backwards, and thivk ourselves wonderfully clever him a man of parts and information, who allows his pas the table, or are unable to recollect the words of a song in se can compose a few sentences in a dead language, sion to get the better of his judgment. He surely cannot you have been in the habit of singing for the last dozen ilst we neglect our own. How is it likely that we should expect that his blustering will bewilder the minds of your When you nod in the chair,

fall over the hearth-rug, or ta to rival oar predecessors, so long as we persist in readers to such a degree, that they will allow him to bring to lurch on your neighbour's shoulder, go to bed; you are tinually repeating what they have said, and in using my door what he is now ashamed of having before his own. drunk.--Economist.

their very words and phrases ? why should we not do The jest, which I reprobated, was certainly an indecent one; # they have done, and act according to our situation ? but it was he who brought it forward, and it stands in No. ter Journal is an advertisement from a deserted husband,

Caution against a light Woman.--In Berror's Worces. 2. labours very hard to prove shat the English language 222, page 109. Let him scratch it out if he can, I have cautioning the tradesmen of that city against giving his ut a poor one, and yet he expresses himself very well in not the least objection. Before he boasts of his politeness wife, Mary Annc, credit for any article whatever, he will perhaps say that he owes that faculty to his towards me, he should also efface the following expressions, she has an ample allowance for clothes and pocket money." dy of ancient literature; but if it were so, the effect must of which he will find no instance in my letters: -"Plun. He thus describes her:-" The said Mary Anne Corfield ze been the same on his former antagonist, Z., and dering and officious," (before the 16th of November ;) complexion, and weighs seventeen stone !"

is between forty and fifty years of age, a fair, fat, florid sept asistant, Quotator; but this is very far from being -“sheer absurdity;"_" low humour ;"_“ round and case; and saying that his own style is infinitely supe- bold assertion ;" “ ridiculous reasons ;"_" can any

Dean Cooper, of Durham, who was very saving of his , is not paying him a compliment at all; it is mekçər thing be more absurd ;"_"unhandsome manner ;”

wine, descanting one day on thc extraordinary performance

of a man who was blind, remarked that the poor fellow owledging a fact. He has cultivated the language in wilful perversion ;”—“ most unmanly and ungentle could see no more than that bottle !"-"I do not won be writes, and he is himself a living argument manly;"_" defiling touch."

der at all, Sir," replied Mr. Drake (a minor canon)" for ast the or sessity of quoting; since he is never short of If he lays clai:n to gentle treatment, he should also we have seen no more than that bottle' all the afternoon!

as

THE MARKET QUADRILLE,
Being one of a series lately composed, but not yet published, by Mr. P. STUBBS, Teacher of Music, Liverpool.

Near the gate of our market-place a poor girl stands singing “ Here's nice shoe-blacking, two balls a penny, two balls a penny,” &c. Her tones, whichi attracted

Mr. Stubbs's attention, form the theme of this quadrille.

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mnts."

SOLUTIONS TO THE CONUNDRUMS IN OUR LAST,

45

45

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Jive la Bagatelle. hat in turn, put each piece of apple, bread, &c. into your My second each morning by nurse is brought out, " In order to employ me part of this life in serious and important placed in their original position. When this is done, the When together you've joined my first and my stepped

mouth, and swallow it. The hats must be carefully re- When her master's laid up in a fit of the gout; occupations, it is necessary to spend another in mere amuse-trick is, to bring

the identical three pieces of apple, bread, There appears what by females most useful is reckten There is a time to laugh and a time to weep."-SOLOMON.

&c. instantly under any one of the hats which the company
may fix upon.

SOLUTION TO RECREATION VI. SOLUTIONS TO THE CONUNDRUMS &c. IN OUR LAST.

This trick is perimet 13. The units 987654321 added together amount to 45

interposing bare 7. There are capers cut round it. Ditto 123456789 amount to..............

white ball and the e 8. He has many rents.

pocket, the sledda 9. Because he is a person of little waste ( waist. ) And the units 864197532 added together produce

å cue, or a mace. It 10. They are laid.

be placed paralle 11. It is a cough-fee ( coffee!) 14. Abstemiously-Facetiously.

side of the table, at sh 12. To dye (die) well. 15. Glass-lass-ass.

tance of two or three il + We have received also the following whimsical solu

NEW CONUNDRUMS, BY BATHOS.

from the black ball. It must be held down firmly a tion from M. Take 45 pounds from 45 guineas, and 45 mixing like a fragrant flower ?

13. Why is a man who spoils bowl of punch in the table to prevent its shaking. Then if the ball (1) be

forwards towards the pocket, it will hop oFer the shillings will remain.

14. Why is cabinet-maker's workshop like a pigeon-ball, and fall into the pocket without disturbing the house?

ball. A very few trials will enable any person to One man, boy, or young lady, holding a glass of wine

15. Why is a barber like a greyhound ?

tain the distance of the black ball from the or water in one hand, at arm's length, may drink the 16. Why does a young girl admiring herself in a mir. as well as that of the cue or mace over whic wine or water, although half a dozen strong men shall ror resemble that mirror

white ball passes. This feat, like the other, m endeayour to prevent it, by holding his or her

arm.-Q. animals

is there any
mstance in the vegetable

world in the barrel of a quill or a pencil, &c as the bere 17. It is generally supposed that madness is confined to done by substituting marbles for the billiard bal} RECREATION VIU.

which it prevails to a greater extent, and is fatal ? Take three pieces of apple, or bread, &c. and place

and the trick will be simply to drive the white mari

CHARADE, BY LITTLE MISERY. them on a table, in a row, about a foot or eighteen inches My first is most frequently used by the fair,

over the side of the table, without disturbing the asunder, and place a hat over each. Then lifting up each when arranging their dress, or when dressing their hair; / which the white one passes, being all in a right line.

marble; the two marbles, and the part of the table

RECREATION VII.

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