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I rather question (sum animi dubius ) whether your third man the reputation of great military skill, and even great exalted talent? And yet we have had Playfair ( Playfair, assical correspondent be not an old acquaintance with a genius? Yet the stratagems are not his own; he only forsooth) vilifying Moore !

L. L. Et name: but, whether or not, I am sorry to see that he applies them according to the exigencies of his particular

I am, yours &c. egins his discourse with a national reftection, which was situation.

Camden-street, Nov. 4, 1824. ntirely uncalled for, and which has nothing to do with Suppose a landscape painter, in prosecution of his prois subject. He says that most people must have heard it fession, were to select for a sky, certain features from the

The Drama. efore; but I believe that it would be much more natural pencil of this artist; for his distances, portions from the suppose the contrary. productions of that artist; for his middle ground, suitable

MR. VANDENHOFF. Every good German grammar treats of versification ; portions from the works of a third artist; and in his foread prosody is taught in every respectable academy, par- ground also were to avail himself of the invention of ance, upon Monday evening, in the character of Hamlet;

This highly.popular performer made his first appear. icularly in the Latin classes, where it is considered as part some predecessor or rival in this noble pursuit, giving, and was greeted with continued bursts of applause, which of the system ; and, since Cantab says himself that the however, unto all the parts a hue and touch of his own, might be said to rend and shake the house. The excelGermans of the present time are not liable to the charge, and combining the whole, so as to produce a grand picture lences of Mr. V.'s acting are pretty obvious, but they are ( do not see why he should have brought it forward.

- would you deny to this man the merit of being a real so various, and so much resemble, and yet differ from the If he be actually a fresh ally of my antagonists, and not a adept in the graphic art? Yet not one feature of the be tedious at least to define and describe them. The mere

characteristics of other eminent performers, that it would jere duplicate of an old one, Mr. Quotator will have cause landscape is bis; he has only put them together, so as to “stop-watch critic" must be struck with the severity of

rejoice, for his zeal appears to be very great, and he seems suit his purposes, and produce an harmonious whole. his judgment; the more liberal will admire the marked y coincide, in some measure, with the ideas of the justnamed Suppose a sculptor, wishing to approach perfection, to elevation of his mind; and all will be pleased with the gentleman, inasmuch as he values ancient literature chiefly realize the beau

ideal, were to select from the statuary of melody of his voice,-sometimes dread, at other times sad sa account of its poetical excellence. In this I believe him others the most beautiful proportions and features of each, muring like the bollow breeze. But what most claims to be correct; but I doubt whether such an explanation will and by happy combination thereof, and expert application our admiration is that large portion possessed by him of tend to increase the number of disciples

, in a commercial of chisel, were to produce a statue worthy to "enchant elemental fire, which gives heat and life to his most abstruse own like Liverpool. Making Greek and Latin odes may the world”—would you withhold from this individual the conceptions, swells them out to their proper proportions, e very agreeable, and, perhaps, very useful, at Univer- meed of genuine supreme excellence ? Yet he has bor- and amalgamates all the scenes and all the passages, into

one beautiful, glowing, and harmonious whole. His ties, without its being entitled to the same encourage- rowed the component parts from others! By the way I Hamlet merits the highest encomiums. They who say ent in a sea-port. Even the best of our modern pro- may here observe, that it was by the adoption of the above that the character is made up of melancholy and philoactions, in that line, would scarcely ever reach their mo- plans, selecting the most beautiful parts from the most sophic doubtings mistake it. Melancholy, doubtless, ke; but supposing that they did, what would be the use ? beautiful living objects, that the sculptors of the Apollo tinges it deeply, and is the source of his wayward, sceptical mi bono?) Where people can find sufficient occupation Belvidere (Agasias)

reasoning; but still he feels strongly and 'naturally, and

though indolence restrains him from action, and sets him d amusement, without artificial contrivances, they ought " Bade the cold marble leap to life-a god!"

upon devious and politic courses, his bitter reproaches of * to study languages for the sake of harmony and sound. Suppose an orator, wishing strongly to impress the his own inactivity, the anathemas which he launches ve great point is to direct knowledge to a good purpose, minds or feeling of his auditors, were, in the course of his against his uncle, and his resolution not to take him off a this ought to be observed in the pursuit of study as harangues, frequently to turn to account in due place, but under circumstances which will extend his revenge all as in other worldly matters :-(Ul in vita, sic in studiis

, powerful passages from some other son of eloquence, and even deemed it a duty to indulge them. The gloom of coprium est prudentiæ, ad usos suos adjungere scientiam.) by nice timing, and proper application of them, were to the character clung composedly to Mr. V. throughout, and 1 order to give a practical demonstration of my concur. produce an irresistible effect upon the listening throng (as mingling with its dignity, produced that interest which tice in what Mr. Y. Z. has remarked with regard to the Curran is said to have done by quotations from Cicero, ar. such an union, wherever met with, is sure to inspire. His thority of great men, I conclude with an extract from rayed in an English garb) would you say that great aptitude ill-suppressed hatred of his uncle, when in his presence ; ilton, which I conceive to be very much to the purpose : and sterling merit did not belong to him in his profession of give way before it ; and his enthusiasm of conviction at -** Though a linguist should pride himself to have all the orator? Yet another has furnished the most puissant of the

close of the play scene, and breathings of revenge, ingues that Babel cleft the world into, yet, if he have his weapons. He only wields them with a certain dexterity, were in the highest degree natural and deeply affecting. lot studied the solid things in them, as well as the words suited to his own necessities.

His encounters with the ghost; and his upbraiding of his ad lexicons, he were nothing so much to be esteemed a It would be no difficult matter, Mr. Editor, to pursue the baseness of Guildenstern and Rozencrantz, were most

mother in her chamber; as also his sarcastic exposure of we man, as any yeoman or tradesman competently this subject to a very considerable length ; but it might be happily imagined ; and had we room to notice minute ise in his mother dialect only.” If this was true in tedious, and too much trespassing upon your columns beauties, we would fix upon the abrupt but tender leave ilton's time, it must be still more so now, considering I will merely, therefore, make my concluding remarks. he took of Ophelia, after the interview so torturing to her

great improvement in modern literature, and the In the above-cited instances, I presume no one would deny feelings beautifully indicating what the author meant, my solid things which may now be acquired withont to the several parties, substantial merit: I conceive they but did not reveal by words, that Hamlet's love was only y knowledge of the dead languages.-I am, most re- would rank as men of first rate ability and original genius. but not extinguished.—Edinburgh Weekly Chron. Dec.29. sctfully, yours,

Yet they are not a little indebted to others for the ground Liverpool, 21st Dec. 1824. ANTI-SUTOR. work of their fame. And here, Sir, allow me to remark Eclipses in 1825.-There will be four eclipses this year:

as regards poetry, that the Æneid is moulded altogether two of the sun and two of the moon. On May 31 and MOORE:-AND SIMILARITY NOT PLAGIARISM, after Homer--that the Bard of Chivalry, in his " Je June !, the moon will be eclipsed, visible, beginning at rusalem Delivered," is under immense obligations the

534 minutes past 11 on the night of the 31st of May, and Mantuan Bard, and that in the “Paradise Lost” of our June. Digits eclipsed 0° 14'.-On the 16th June there

ending at 234 minutes past 12 on the morning of the 1st $1,-In a late number of your Kaleidoscope you were great countryman, whole passages are to be found strik. will be an eclipse of the sun, invisible in this part of the ased to insert a paper which I transmitted to you, ingly smilar to what might be termed their prototypes, in world.- Nov. 25th. The moon will rise eclipsed at 3 mierein í endeavoured to defend Mr. Moore, in his ver the works of Eschylus, and the old Italian poets. Yet nutes past 4 in the afternoon, and the eclipse will terminof Anacreon, against the charge of plagiarism brought who ever dared to attack this band of immortals ? Who moon's southern limb.-Dec. 9. There will be an eclipse rward by some one, assuming (to use your words, Sir) ever dared to say that Virgil was a servile copyist-that of the sun, invisible. e plausible cognomen of Playfuir. Musing further on Torquato Tasso had not an unqualified claim to the laurels e subject, I have been led into some general desultory of originality—or that Milton, our own dear Milton, was ciseman calling at the house of a good-humoured landlady,

The Exciseman Outwitted. A few days sincé an ExSections, which I have committed to paper just as they a plagiarist ?

residing within a hundred miles of Ensham, she consulted Furred to me, and which I submit to you for insertion If, then, a translator (of any work) who is necessarily him about some liquor that had been deposited in her your next Kaleidoscope, or in any future number that bound down, if he intends to be true to the original, and, cellar without a permit. At the words--without a per. u may think fit.

moreover, succeeding another who, by precedence, has mit, the Exciseman rushed below, and' soon found himself Suppose the general-in-chief of an engaged army, had it in his power to engross, and has engrossed all the he made no seizure of the liquid which the late heavy

up to the middle in water! It is needless to add, that tably versed in military tactics, well acquainted with most eligible and natural words and terms of the same rains had forced into the cellar without an excise warranty. particular mancuvres of his martial predecessors in language, should give to the world a spirited and fairly - Oxford Paper. rticular situations and emergencies, were to call to mind, faithful whole, handled in a style or manner which is his

A short time ago (says the editor of the Dumfries * doubtful crisis of the battle, that a preceding com- own, though bearing occasional similarity in its phrase-Courier) a friend of mine happened to be cleaning the Dder, in a situation similar to his own, had had recourse ology, or even in the import of lines to the version of him house clock, when he accidentally dropped one of the 52 ch and such movements of his troops with great ef- who has had the great good luck first to pace the untrodden small pins that fasten the hands. Diligent search was ty and availing himself thereof, according to the bear- ground,lives then he, I would ask, who would be so made for it at the time, but all to no purpose ; and I will os and niceties of his own case, were at length to turn mean, so captious, so foolish, as to withhold from this few days afterwards, he actually found the identical pia

leave you to judge of Mr. Paterson's surprise when, a de of battle in his favour-would you deny to such translator the palm of sterling merit, and of genuine in the heart of the egg he was eating at his breakfast.


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lisse, interspersed with pink satin ornaments of a papli. onaceous shape, with a profusion of winter cherrieder alkekengi, and rosebuds above.

EVENING DRESS — Plain colour velvet dress : there. sage plain across the bust, and drawn to the shape with a little fulness at the waist ; high in front, and falling rather lower on the shoulders, and finished with gold t). broidered lace round the top: the sleeves are short

, with epaulettes formed of heart-shaped leaves, trimmed Fich blond; attached are long full sleeves of white gauze, te gulated in front by ribbon velvet, passing from under the arm to the lower part of the sleeve, which is tole fined by three velvet bands round the arm, each fastened by a bow and gold clasp: blond rufile at the srit

. At the bottom of the skirt is a broad band of satin of the same colour, with small silk cord laid across, forcing squares: gold embroidered ceinture, fastened in front with antique gem. African turban of lilac barrege, richly en. broidered in gold, with a band of gold round the head

, and supporting the folds over the right ea. The hair parted from the forehead, and three or four large cake on each side. Necklace of medallions in enamel, united by triple chains of gold ear-rings to correspond. English Thibet square shawl with embroidered corners. Shar white kid gloves: white satin slioes.


Scientific Records. [Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Impre

ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, i gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Psi losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralgial Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural Hizory; Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.; List of Patents:to be continued in a series through the Volume.


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Bow'd down with deepest misery,
Great God! I humbly come to thee;
And on my knees with trembling fear
Confess my faults, with grief sincere.
My inmost thoughts to thee are known,
Before in words, or actions shown;
To thee my follies open lie,
Though bid from every human eye.
With penitence I humbly own,
My errors now before thy throne;
No merit of my own I plead,
Thy love is all my soul can need;
Mercy is all a sinner's plea,
And God, my Saviour, died for me.
Then kindly hear a suppliant's prayer,
And bless me with a father's care.
No longer may my soul repine
Because thy will opposes mine,
But may I leave my fate to thee,
Whose eye can search futurity;
My cares to thee securely trust,
For thou art merciful and just,
Convinced thy kind paternal eye
Will ev'ry proper want supply.
When stretched upon a bed of pain,
Thy mercy did my life sustain,
And still I feel thy fost'ring care
Protects me from each dangʻrous snare;
And yet with shame I now confess,
I could not well have loved thee less;
My heart, my will, I now resign,
And own no other love but thine.

Last week we laid before our readers an elaborate part on the subject of the alleged phenomenon of accelend motion in locomotive machines, together with our fri reasons for disputing the singular theory laid down is the Scotsman. In a recent number of the Mercury an able letter appeared, combatting also the reasoning of the Scotsman. The following letter is intended as an abster to the correspondent of the Mercury. All we bare bete room to say, relative to this correspondence, is, that we still retain the opinion we have advanced.-Bdit. Kol

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[FROM THE LITERARY SOUVENIR.) One eve of beauty, when the sun

Was on the streams of Guadalquiver, To gold converting, one by one,

The ripples of the mighty river,
Beside me on the bank was seated,

A Seville girl, with auburn hair,
And eyes that might the world have cheated,

A wild, bright, wicked, diamond pair !
She stooped, and wrote upon the sand,

Just as the loving sun was going, With such a soft, small, shining hand,

I could have sworn 'twas silver flowing. Her words were three, and not one morem

What could Diana's motto be? The Syren wrote upon the shore

Death, not Inconstancy!" And then her two large languid eyes

So turned on mine, that-devil take me! I set the air on fire with sighs,

And was the fool she chose to make me! Saint Francis would have been deceived

With such an eye and such a hand; But one week more, and I believed

As much the woman as the sand !

TO THE EDITOR. SIR,—Your correspondent A. B. T. does not appear to sufficiently acquainted with the nature of accelerating for The case which he illustrates, of a body moving along a bir zontal plane, by means of a weight passing over 3 puties, very clear, and why? because there is a constant force ** upon the weight, which again acts upon the body * and both are accelerated. The force of the steamer

acting on the crank, or the wheel of the steam-carria, А B C D E G H

exactly of the same nature, for it is also a constant for

Suppose a steam-engine to make sixty strokes in a minute, WHITE.

will make one in a second of time. Let it make one strak

and a certain impulse will be given to the carriage, which, Fashions for January.

al impediments were removed, would more uniformis 9

ward; in the succeeding second, if the engine makes aetid HEAD DRESSES.--1. Bonnet of royal purple terry vel. stroke, another impulse will be added; and by the time vet or vclours épingle; the brim broad and flat, with a

stroke, another. Is not the force, then, of the engines corded satin edge; the crown high and rounded at the stant accelerating force, and similar to the force of top; and partially covered with a fichu of velvet, bound near the earth's surface ?—The case of the water-wbede, with satin nearly half an inch in breadth, and ornamented water impinging on the

wheel will communicate a certain

water-mill, is also precisely the same; a certain quatt with a small twisted silk cord of the same colour; the trim- force, which acting for a given time, will give to the water mings in front are large, and finished in the same manner; | a certain quantity of motion. Now, if the water cease to per the centre one is long and narrow, and placed perpendicu- the wheel will turn round with

a uniform motion, grant larly, concealing the termination of those on each side; as before, that all impediments are removed; but supprei bows of pearl-edge satin ribbon are disposed about the the

water to act, in another portion of time it will give ta crown; long strings of the same inside the brim. 2. Black velvet dress hat, bound with gold lace ; from a is not this, then, a coristant accelerating force, like the fol

wheel an additional impulse; in the next another, and ea small bow in front,

the brim forms double, and small mer?-With respect to a body moving along a turizeri white marabouts are introduced between; it is closed be- plane, the case is just the same, when the force is consta hind in a similar manner : broad gold band round the Thus, lay a marble on a horizontal plane, and give it a rental crown, and at the top four curved ornaments, bound also push, it will move; but if, an instant afterwards, while it with gold lace: marabouts in front and on the right side.

still moving, you give it another push equal to the first, 3. Tartarian turban, formed of a richly-shaded stripe its rate of motion not be increased, the impediments bei silk kerchief. 4. Cap of pink and white crepe lisse, with double border similar to that of a steam-carriage; or to the weight acta

removed as in the former cases? And is not this case exact and broad strings of the same: the crown is high; the over the

pulley to drag the body on a horizontal plane : or back part of white crepe lisse, full, and arranged by five same as that of water impelling a water-wheel? It appel Alat pink satin bands placed perpendicularly, and inserted then, that a steam engine is not a power of a totally differei in the pink satin band at the bottom of the caul: the front nature from that of gravity, but that its foree is of the sta is formed by bouffants of alternate pink and white crepe kind, and will produce the same effect; and, consequest

that an impediments removed, it will force a body along a on which they are used must be twice the weight of those ! ARTIFICIAL TEETH, by. Mr. BEREND, Suko

The above mode of considering a constant force, as pro- and other works must be proportionably strong, insomuch foctly secure and comfortable in the mouth, without tying, dueing an accelerating motion, by impulses, is not purely that so great a capital

may be expended in the construction of Teeth, and yet so effectually secured, that the most powerful seientiñe; but it has been adopted in the present instance, in the works, as will render the concern unproductive of interest; motions of the jaws,in eating,cannotdisplaceor injnrethem, oder to give a tolerable idea to gentlemen not conversant moreover, on account of the extraordinary friction of the fixed without pain, and adapted with such accuracy to the rewith these subjects. However, it is extremely obvious that wheels upon the rails, the latter are continually liable to be maining Teeth, that not the least

differencecan be felt, neiall the cases abovementioned are precisely the same; that is, displaced, so that the labour of one man is found insufficient Teeth can, with ease, be taken out, cleaned, and replaced the body dragged horizontally by a weight passing over a to keep the rails upon one mile of road in proper place. In with great safety by the wearer. palley, and, descending by its relative gravity, produces an the second place, the locomotive steam-engines of Stevenson's, 25, Bold-street. secelerated motion. In the same manner, the steam-engine, which are considered to be upon the best principle, will not by its constant action, produces a result which is just the ascend a greater aclivity than of an inch in a yard, with a

-LPDV. The advantages for a speedy, Rhea, ancocerand was drawn forward by a weight passing over a pulley, out the whole extent of the line without, in some cases, in- tain communication between the great towns in the manuthe weight descending as in the first case. The water-wheel creasing the angle of ascent beyond that limit. Thirdly, as facturing districts of England and the metropolis have at all is also aeted upon as if a weight were hung from a cord it depends on the resistance offered by the iron rails to the

times attracted public attention. The beneficial influence

of such a communication, improved to its utmost degree of fastened to the centre of gravity of each particular bucket, surface of the wheels, for the application of power to the pur- perfection, upon those main sources of Great Britain's wealth and tarned the wheel round by descending; and the marble pose of locomotion it is necessary to create as much friction and power, her manufactures, and her commerce both fo13 in the same state as if it were pushed forward by a stick, as possible at the contact of the wheels with the plates, conse- reign and domestic, is too obvious to need any comment or

illustration, Various modes of conveyance for goods or with a spiral spring fastened at the end, and always pressed quently the friction thus occasioned, together with the move

passengers, possessing respectively their peculiar advantages, ith the same force.

ment of the engine itself, and the attendant carriage with have accordingly from time to time been devised, and have The Seatsman has carried the idea of an increased velocity, coals and water for its supply, cause an extravagant waste of contended for a preference with much benefit to the comin praetiee, somewhat too far; because the velocity will be power, so that it may be justly questioned, when we bring munity,

The principle of extending such communication by the linnited by the means of supplying steam to keep up a constant into the account all the expenses, whether a saving will be

means of Rail-roads, has already, in & multitude of instances, force, whieh he presumes in his data.

gained compared with horse labour. Fourthly, the locomo-undergone the test of experiment; and its superior utility, This subject is so well understood by practical mechanics, tive engines will not move with a load when there is snow under many circumstances of inevitable occurrence, is sufand is so constantly illustrated in the works both of nature upon the rail, or in very wet weather. Fifthly, the appear

ficiently established. Both the principle and practice, howid art, that its truth, as a principle, has scarcely ever before ance of the engines when in motion is so strange that it would

ever, by the progress of science, have been receiving, and

still admit of improvement. been questioned. I would, therefore, beg leave to observe, frighten all the animals in the fields through which it may

In proposing, therefore, to open and facilitate upon this dat what the Scotsman has said is founded on true principles, pass, and will be an insufferable nuisance on a turnpike-road, principle, a more commodious intercourse betwixt the Me. ud that the truth of his remarks will be further explained in confirmation of which, I have to state they are not allowed tropolis and important towns, and districts to the North18 work which will appear in a few days;—a work founded to cross the Edinburgh-road, near which they are used. And wards, to the distance of Manchester and Hull,“ The London in scientifie principles, subjected to the test of experiments, lastly, they are constantly liable to explode, as are all high tive and uncertain grounds. To facilitate and increase that and gounded upon mathematical demonstration.-Yours, &c. pressure engines, and there is no mode yet invented of con- intercourse, and also that with the intermediate important Livrpool

A. B. C.
structing locomotive engines upon the low pressure principle. Leicester, and Northampton, and that of the great manu-

towns of Birmingham, Macclesfield, Derby, Nottingham,
This objection alone, I submit to the committee, should make
us hesitate before we use engines by which so many lives have ing the opportunity for useful extension by branches from

facturing district between Manchester and Hull, thus afford. (SEE A NOTE TO CORRESPONDENTS ON RAIL-ROADS.)

been lost; and I trust this objection, combined with the the main line, will be admitted to be an object well deservR. GREAVES'S REPORT ON RAILWAYS, AND LOCOMOothers which I have stated, and for the justness of which I ing public support, and consistent with the policy entertained TIVE STEAM-ENGINES,

am prepared to advance proof if required, will induce the by the most enlightened members of our Government and adressed to the Committee of the Stratford and Morton Company, committee to abandon, for the present, locomotive steam-en- to commercial enterprise, and to the free circulation of cain the Summer of 1822.

gines; and construct a rail-road upon the plan I have proposed pital.

with as much economy as possible consistently with substan- The promoters of the London Northern Rail-road, alIn pursuance of the order of the committee, I have viewed tiality; and if in the progress of science, the locomotive though not the earliest in that career of public improvement, ose rail-roads in Yorkshire, Durham, and Northumberland, steam-engine should be rendered cheap, certain, and safe Metropolis, and of places with which its intercourse is of hich are considered to be upon the best construction, and 1 modes of conveyance, the line proposed will be the most con- primary importance. ve seen all the locomotive engines which are now at work, venient for their adoption.

The London Board of Direction is appointed, and consists

(Signed) d all the various modes of conveying waggons on rail-roads ;


of the following Gentlemen: base been introduced to some of the most eminentengineers P.S.-It may be proper to mention in this report, that a

GEORGE HIBBERT, Esq. nd proprietors of rail-roads, who have in the most candid patent was obtained on the 14th December last, for a method na liberal manner given me their advice. From these sources of facilitating the conveyance of carriages along the rail-road,

Pascoe GRENFELL, Esq. M.P. JOAN SMITH, Esq. M.P. finformation, aided by the portion of mechanical knowledge by Mr. Ben. Thompson, of Ayton Colliery. it eonsists of a


EDWARD WAKEFIELD, Esq. hich I possess, I am enabled confidently to recommend that number of engines fixed upon a rail-road at convenient disle rai-road from Stratford-on-Avon to Moreton in the Marsh tances, and the loads are conveyed by the engines from one sta- Jas. Evan Baillie, Esq. John Irving, Esq M.P. d Shepston, be constructed on a plan calculated for the use tion to another by a rope. The rail-road whereon I bave seen Francis Baring, Esq.

George W. Norman, Esq.

Edward Ellice, Esq. M.P. Frederick Pigou, Esq. horses generally, and that the line be formed as nearly this principle applied is at Ayton, in the county of Darham;

Lyndon Evelyn, Esq. M.P. Thomas Richardson, Esq. rizontally as possible, for it is found by extensive experience the road is 74 miles long, the engines are some of them one

Sir Robert Farquhar, Bart. James Warre, Esq. Itaborse of about £16 value, on a well constructed rail-road, mile, others more than 14 mile apart, and their actions in the

Charles David Gordon, Esq. William Williams, Esq. M.P. 1 do the following work daily, viz-on a level road he will words of the patentee, are "reciprocal and interchangeable."

And these have the power, and are instructed, to select ise 16 tons 12 miles, and return the same distance

with the This is an ingenious mode of moving waggons, and may be at Seven other Directors, to be added to their number from the pty ear riges; on a road rising one-sixteenth of an inch in a any future time applied to the rail-way herein recommended. Districts contiguous to the projected lines of Rail-road. d, he will move 11 tons 5cwt. the same distance and return There is a patent lately enrolled by Mr. Palmer, for a very in

Simon M'Gillivray, Esq. Rd. Hart Davis, Esq. M.P. h the empty carriages; on a road rising five-sixteenths of genious rail-road and carriage, a working model of which I

Edward Goldsmid, Esq. Joseph Fry, Esq. ineh in a yard, he will move 7 tons 10 cwt. the same dis- have seen, and it has great merit. te, and return with empty carriages; on a road rising

Messrs. Smith, Payne, and Smith, Mansion-house Place: jedistance, and return as above. y desirable it is to have the road level; and where an ascent Writing, under the immediate and especial patronage of his Hence it appears, how MR. LEWIS (from the Royal Academy, London) Lombard-ssteet.

Nathaniel Hibbert, Esq. Standing Counsel. navoidable, I recommend that an inclined plane he con- Majesty and other branches of the Royal Family, and nearly

William Vizard, Esq. Solicitor. leted, on the summit of which, a fixed steamengine be every person of distinction in the United Kingdom, presents

George Stephenson, Esq. Engineer. ted to draw up the loads, which will be assisted by the his grateful acknowledgments to the worthy inhabitants of

The Capital of the Company will be two millions four

hundred thousand pounds, divided into twenty-five thousand kwhich may at the time be passing in a contrary direction, Liverpool and its vicinity, and begs to inform them, that in

Shares, of one hundred pounds each. tisto say, the descending loads will assist the engine in perienced, during his short residence among them, and the

An Installment of one pound per Share is required to be iwing up the ascending loads, so that an engine of small urgent solicitations of many respectable persons who wish paid forth with into the hands of the Bankers to rne

ComFer will be sufficient for the trade on this rail-road ; not to avail themselves of his instruction, he will do himself the rany, to the account of the Directors; and no further inhstanding which, I recommend that one of ample power honour of prolonging his stay in Liverpool beyond the period staliment will

be called for until a detailed Plan, with Sur: he had fixed for his departure to town. Mr. Lewis will, there

veys, and a Draft of a Bill to be submitted to Parliament, be astructed; for 1 conceive whatever power we may have fore, continue to receive those who apply Before MONDAY, THE

laid before the Subscribers. Pre may be readily let to drive a corn-mill or other mills, 17th JANUARY, BEYOND WHICH TIME HE MUST POSITIVELY DE

The remaining sum of €99 per Share will be called for le situation will be excellent. Although the patent mal-CLINE ADMITTING ANY NEW PUPIL.

from time to time, at the discretion of the Board of Direction:

but no call will be made upon less than twenty-one days' le iron rails of Burlanshaw and Co. are cheapest in the applicable to persons of all ages and capacities; and, how?

notice. instance, it is the opinion of some experienced engi- dicate all bad habits, and communicate (in six SHORT and

It is proposed to commence the necessary Surveys without sand proprietors of rail-roads, that cast-iron rails are up- EASY LESSONS) a quick and beautiful style of Writing! delay, and that every exertion shall be made to be ready

for 2e whole to be preferred, as certainly they are not so lia- so free, elegant, and expeditious, as no other methods an application to Parliament early in the Session which will

succeed that now approaching. Oxidate, and are on that account more durable. If the teaching ever yet discovered can possibly impart, and from which it is impossible for him ever after to deviate.

Of the Shares, a liberal proportion will be reserved for ni ttee determine upon having cast iron rails, I recommend

Terms for the whole Course, One Guinea.

those in the line of the proposed Rail-roads, who may be inthey be 4 feet long, 3 inches deep at each end, 41 inches Numerous Specimens may be seen by applying to Mr

clined to become Subscribers, and the Board will readiiy atithe middle, 3 inches wide on the face, to weigh 361b. Lewis, at his Lecture Rooms, No. 5, Paradise-street. tend to any communication from the country which may be the chain 34th. This tail and chain are calculated for the plan made use of by the Public Reporters, with their

directed to the most advantageous execution of the plan.

It has already been declared, that ofiers for Shares, adcas carrying 2 tons, which is found to be the most con. mode of following a speaker by contractions, thitherto kept dressed, post paid, to the Chairman, at the old London net weight on rail roads, where a general trade is carried a sceret; and their infallible method of abbreviating and de- Tavern, in Bishopsgate-street, will be received until the 1st Yit be asked why I object to locomotive steam-engines ciphering, without burthening the memory.






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January. A further time will be allowed for receiving Sub line of rail-roads; my answer is, in the first place, on may attend any time that suits their own convenience. N.B. Pupils are detained only one hour cach Lesson, and scriptions from the country, and the Board of Direction will,

as early as possible, take all the offers into consideration. at of the extraordinary weight of the engines; the rail

(Signed) GEORGE HIBBERT, Chairman.



The Naturalist's Diary.
The house-sparrow chirps, and the bat is now seen.

Hopes though ruined, lovely yet;
Bats are very useful animals; destroying great numbers

Tears for one though dead to me;
of the large white moths which fly abroad by night.-See
JANUARY, 1825.
T. T. for 1823, p. 31.

Thoughts I may not e'er forget:
Though the gardener can find little to do in the garden

Wishes that can never be.
[From Time's Telescope.]
this month, Nature is ever at work there, and ever with a

Ask not if they're good or ill-
wise hand, and graceful as wise. “The wintry winds of
Throughout the watches of the night,
December (observes the elegant and entertaining chroni.

All are sad, yet pleasing all;-
The feathery snow, in silent flight,
cler of the Months) having shaken down the last linger.

Nor how many haunt me still Has left the regions of its birth, ing leaves from the trees, the final labour of the gardener

Count the rain drops as they fall. And, falling, sought the realms of earth: was employed in making all trim and clean; in turning

New Monthly Magazine The mantled mountain heaves on high

up the dark earth to give it air-pruning of the superIts forehead to the morning sky,

The weather in January, 1824, was so mild, that prefluous produce of summer--and gathering away the wornOn which the distant lord of day Shoots forth a horizontal ray;

when they

sink into the earth to seek their winter home, tables and flowers was prolonged in an unusual degree

out attire that the perennial flowers leave behind them mature blossoms of fruit and other trees were met sich in The fields that lately bloomed and smiled Are flow'rless, desolate, and wild, slip down through a trap-door, and cheat their silly pur, sandy soils, tin the second week of the month

, and caulis Cold as Despair's unceasing tears, suers by leaving their vacant dresses standing erect behind flowers were cut in the open

garden. Myrtles, acacias, And silent as departed years.

them : 'all being left trim and orderly for the coming on and other hardy green-house plants, remained unia jured With bending branches hangs the wood, of the new year. The various processes of Nature for the in the open air; and green-houses, dry-stoses

, and plantA lonely, leafless solitude;

renewal of her favoured race, the flowers, may be more The Spirits of the North have swept

aptly observed than at any

other period. Still, therefore, pits, had fires only once or twice to dry up the darp=1 Its pride away, the snows have leapt

however desolate a scene the garden may present to the is also worthy of remark, observes our intelligere cseres On every dark outstretching bough;

general gaze, a particular examination of it is full of in- pondent from the banks of the Severn, that the last wister And if the passing bird alight,

terest, an interest that is not the less valuable for its de proved a most complete refutation (if such a proof ten With fearful, fluttering pinions, lo!

pending chiefly on the imagination. Now, the bloom- needed) of the idea once entertained, that a plentiful er Comes down a frequent shower of white, buds of the fruit-trees, which the late leaves of autumn had scanty proportion of fruit on the white thorn (called haes Which falls within the roaring stream,

concealed from the view, stand confessed, upon the other intimated a severe or mild season, being a bountiful pe That rushes on, and hears the call

wise bare branches ; and dressed in their patent wind and vision for the wants of those birds that annually minden That urges to yon waterfall, water-proof coats, brave the utmost severity of the season ;-- of our May-bushes, though in profusion, remained

to our island from severer regions; as the crimsos bens Down, from the inland mountains, down, With swelling tide, and waves of brown.

of beauty which they contain, reminding us of their friends touched throughout the winter, and perished frem the butterflies, when in the chrysalis state.- Now the per ensuing blossom was preparing to expand. The Boeke

sprays by a natural decay, many even remaining until the One of the most beautiful sights on which

the eye can retired to their subterranean sleeping-rooms, just permit in consequence of the mildness of the winter, remaize

rennials, having slipped off iheir summer robes, and field-fares and red wings, which commonly consume then open, occasionally presents itself to our notice in this month: the tops of their naked heads to peep

above the ground, to almost entirely in the meadows and low-lands, feedi brown earth, shorn hedge-rows, bare branches, and miry Now the smooth-leaved and tender-stemmed rose of China mealy fruit of our white thorn, and their visits to

upon worms and insects, which they always prefa wa roads, interspersed here and there with a patch of dull hangs its pale, scentless, artificial-looking flowers upon enclosures were only partial and transient. The fieldkeri dawning of the morning, and think to look forth

upon the upon

the face of a fading beauty, or the hectic of disease observe every year, that one or two of them separate de same, what a bright pomp greets us ! what a white pa. on that of a dying

one; and a few chrysanthemums still the main fock, and retire to lonely hedge-rows and gui sun at midsummer, had descended upon the earth and stars looking like faded imitations of the gay glaring pastures, associating with the black-bird and the shared clothed it in their beauty! Every object we look upon is China-aster. strange and yet familiar to us," another, yet the same. And the whole affects us like a vision of the night, which of the new-born year—for all that we have

hitherto no- but at length they take their departure with the lss big " Now, too, first evidences of the revivifying principle the summer

, lingering with them until late in the spring

congenerous race, and were inclined to remain throughou we are half-conscious is a vision ;-we know that it is there ticed are but lingering remnants of the old, now the of the season—they do not appear to be wounded or injer and yet we know not how long it may remain there; golden and blue crocuses peep up their pointed coronals birds, and for this reason to have sought quiet and con since a motion may change it, or a breath melt it away from amidst their guarding palisades of green and grey cealment. And what a mysterious stillness reigns over all! a white leaves, that they may be ready to come forth at the call of silence ! Even the “clouted shoon" of the early peasant is the first February sun that looks warmly upon them; and

We cannot better conclude this month's Diary that not heard, and the robin, as he hops from twig to twig perchance one here and there, bolder than the rest, has drawing upon the stores of an artist, with the producten with

undecided wing, and shakes down a feathery shower Started fairly out of the earth already, and half opened of whose palette our readers are well acquainted :-* as he goes, hushes his low whistle, in wonder at the un- her trim form, pretending to have mistaken the true time: accustomed scene. The throstle is now seen under sunny hedges and as a forward school-miss will occasionally be seen coquet- Bernard Barton, and

betrays at once the hand of southern walls in pursuit of snails, which he destroys in ting with a smart cornet, before she as been regularly painter, the poet, and the Christian.

The flowret's bloom is faded, abundance, particularly in hard winters ; he delights also produced as if she didn't know that there was “any harm in chrysalids and worms. Other birds now quit their re.

Its glossy leaf grown sere; In the absence of other flowers, the golden saxifrage, treats in search of food. The nuthatch is heard, and called also golden moss, and stonecrop (chrysoplenium),

The landscape round is shaded larks congregate and fly to the warm stubble for shelter.

By Winter's frown austere.
affords its little aid to give life and beauty to the garden.
Ah! bleak and barren are the fields,
The bramble (rubus fruticosus) still retains its leaves,

The dew, once sparkling lightly Undecked with aught of summer's dye; and gives a thin scattering of green in the otherwise leaf.

On grass of freshest green, The naked plain no shelter yields less hedges; while the berries of the hawthorn, the wild

In heavier drops unsightly To screen them from the stormy sky; rose, and the spindle-tree, afford their brilliant touches of

On matted weeds is seen. red. The twigs of the red dog-wood, too, give a richness But soon they'll meet the vernal morn, amid the general brown of the other shrubs. Ivy now

No songs of joy to gladden
When crystal dew-drops deck the plain;
casts its leaves.

From leafy woods emerge;
When fragrance breathes from brake and thorn,
The helleborus niger, or Christmas rose, shows its pretty

But winds, in tones that sadden, Sweet as their wild notes' native strain. flowers at this season, and, towards the close of the month,

Breathe Nature's mournful dirge. The snow-drop blooms,

All sights and sounds appealing, The shell_less snail or slug makes its appearance, and

Ere winter's wild storms are past,

Through merely outward sense, commences its depredations on garden plants and green

As she shrinks below

To joyful thought and feeling wheat.

Her mantle of snow,

Seem now departed hence The hedge-sparrow and the thrush now begin to sing.

And, trembling, shuns the blast.

But not with such is banished The wren also ** pipes her perennial lay,” even among the In mild seasons, such as that of 1823-24, the garden is

The bliss that life can lend; fakes of snow. The titmouse pulls straw out of the thatch, quite gay with powers and carnations, roses, chrysanthe

Nor with such things hath vanished in search of insects: linnets congregate; and rooks resort mums, auriculas, ten-week stocks, daisies, mignionette,

Its truest, noblest end. to their nest trees. Pullets begin to lay; young lambs marigolds, sweet peas, polyanthuses, hepaticas, prim. are dropped now. Spiders shoot out their webs: and the roses, violets, periwinkle, hearts' ease, and the sweet

The toys that charm, and leave us, blackbird whistles. The field-fares, red.wings, skylarks, smelling wall flower, may be gathered in abundance.

Are fancy's fleeting elves; and titlarks, resort to watered meadows for food, and are,


All that should glad, or grieve us, in part, supported by the gnats which are on the snow,

Exists within onrselves. near the water. The tops of tender turnips and ivy-berries

Where the wall flower lives on high afford food for the graminivorous birds, as the ring-dove,

O'er the sculptured oriel stone,

Enjoyment's genuine essence
Steals a perfume on the sky

Is virtue's godlike dower; &c. Earth-worms lie out on the ground, and the shell.

With the night wind's hollow moan.

Its most triumphant presence snail appears.

Thus 'tis o'er the waste of years

Illumes the darkest hour..

Comes an undistinguished throng, * Some pretty lines “To fifteen Gnats seen dancing in the

Ruined hopes, and mingled tears, Sunbeams on Jan. 3," will be found in the very interesting

* See a prettily printed poeketable little volume, “Remains of Robert Bloomfield," vol. i. p. 31.

And gentle wishes cherished long.

published, entitled Poetic Vigils," by Bernard Bartve.


Literature, Criticism, &c. an essential point in this exercise of ingenuity. The per- but we do not hear that such is the case in schools for

sonal pronoun in our language must always be expressed girls—at least very seldom : therefore the number of TRANSLATIONS, &c.

before the verb. Now the neuter it will not apply to the ladies who understand Latin will be very small in propor.

hero, nor the masculine he to the rock : whereas, the first tion to the number of men who understand it. How TO THE EDITOR.

person applies equally to both. The third instance shall very small, then, is the number of females who un. $12,-! promised in my letter of the 8th instant to be that of an ass eating thistles, as an emblem of a parasite derstand that language, in proportion to the number nove that there are some passages in Latin which cannot who serves as a butt to the company who entertain him. of their own sex : and, for this reason, am I not clearly le translated correctly into English ; and, that when the motto, “ Pungant dum saturent.” In English, “ Let justified before the ladies in saying that they, of course, ranslated into English, they lose their force and dignity. them sting me, provided they fill my belly.” In all these, would have to apply to their male friends for translations The authority and examples I shall make use of, are Dr. how nervous is the expression in the original ! how spirit of Latin quotations

. But really it was foolish to attempt Campbell and his philosophy of Rhetoric.

less in the translation! I here close the extracts from to prove it, as a general rule, that ladies do not understand In his sd book, 4th chap. sec. 3, he calls our attention Campbell, and appeal to you, Sir, and the readers of your Latin: the fact cannot be disputed by any man in his o some examples in the preceding chapter, which are as paper, whether my position is not fully established. It is senses who has any knowledge of the world. ollows:-" Non ut edam vivo, sed ut vivam edo :" lite- not the authority of Campbell that I lay so much stress on,

And now, Sir, before I finish, I will just notice the ally translated into English, --"I do not live that I may though I am convinced that you and your readers will con- evasive manner in which your correspondent has handlea at, but I eat that I may live." "This,” says he, "pre-sider it no contemptible argument in my favour, that I am some other points. He allows that few men can write with erves the antithesis, but neither the dignity nor the force supported by the authority of a man who made rhetorie and the energy of Dr. Johnson, but says that few men are f the original. The want of inflection is one reason of language his peculiar study, and who is so highly estimated obliged to write; and so long as people find they are inhe inferiority, but not the only reason. It weakens the by the world. But, bating this, the argument and the ex- competent to the task, they may let it alone. The gen. expression, that we must employ fifteen words, for what amples he uses are incontrovertible, and they have saved me tleman says, “Well, Sir, let those who cannot write not is expressed

, in Latin, with equal perspicuity, in eight. the troubleof doing anything but pointing them out. What make the attempt.” But what has this to do with the arPerhaps it would be better rendered, though not so ex- I particularly insist on in these examples, is the epigram gument- I made use of ? Nothing at all. Dare your dicitly, 'I do not live to eat, but I eat to live.”

on Dido, and the three last mottos, especially the middle correspondent say, that, unless a man can write as Another example is the poted epigram by Ausonius, one, “Conantia frangere frangit.” Indeed, with this well as Dr. Johnson, he ought not to write at all? Univen in Campbell's Rhetoric:

for a weapon, I dare almost attack your correspondent's less he dare say so (and prove it too) my position is un* Infelis Dido, nulli bene nupta marito;

round assertion, “there are no un translatable passages.” affected. But he dare not: he seems to long 'to utter Hoe pereunte, fugis; hoc fugiente, peris."

Campbell has shown, as above, that this can only be ren- such a thing, but he knows that some of our most adCampbell has given no translation of this epigram : he dered, “ I break the things which attempt to break me." mired, and some of our choicest writers, yield to the Docsems to feel it impossible to express, in two metrical lines, But this can scarcely be called a translation, for in the tor in this respect. s dignity and beauty. I once had the vanity, Mr. Edi, original the verb is in the third person, and the passage

Your correspondent piles up a heap of assertions at the to attempt a translation, in which I strove to retain is a description from the mouth of another, of a per- commencement of his letter, but I have looked in vain e antithesis, and to express the point wbich is so beau- son and thing that possess the property mentioned for props and supports. There is neither authority, ar. al in the original. I made something of it, it is true, I in the motto; whereas in the motto, as rendered into gument, nor any thing else which can give stability to

Editor; but I candidly confess it was very little better English, the person and thing declare of themselves them ;—I suppose he wishes us to take his honour for the an a complete failure; however, here you have it: that they possess the property, which is quite foreign to truth of them. I would remind him, that by education I ** Unhappy Dido! curst were all her nuptial ties ;

the expression of the original. The English motto, then, mean the instruction the draper in question has received One husband dead, she flees; the other fled, she dies.”

is no more than an imitation of the Latin one, and the at school. The draper's religious and moral duties are it this abounds in violations of the original expression ; latter cannot be translated into English. Where, then, is implied in his reading his bible: my draper is not, thered, if your correspondent Anti-Sutor will furnish or pro- the truth of your correspondents affirmation, " there are fore, deficient in his duty to God and his neighbour.are a translation, which shall preserve the apostrophe to no untranslatable passages. But lest an objection should Pray what else is there then necessary to his education Vido, the exquisite antithesis, the violent death expressed be raised against this, that it is an unconnected motto and which I have not given him? I believe they do not teach 1 each case by the verb perèo, the beautiful melody of the not a fair passage, I will endeavour to make it a pas the quality of calicoes, or the properties of Welsh flannels, articiples fugiente and pereunte, as they stand in con. sage, thus: “In prælio heros telis hostium circumventis, at our schools. zion with one another, and embrace the whole in two rupi in mediis freméntibus undis est similis ; de singulis I am really trespassing on your patience and your etical English lines, with or without rhyme,—if he will possumus dicere conantia frangere frangit;" that is, "A limits, Mr. Editor ; but the unhandsome manner in which (this, then he will have gone far to refute my position. hero in battle, surrounded by the weapons of his enemies, your correspondent has treated me of late demands a reply. Again Campbell says, “ It is remarkable, that in any | is like unto a rock surrounded by the waves of the tem. He deforms some of my expressions, and misstates others; iscription which is intended to convey something striking pestuous ocean.” Of each we may say, “Conantia fran. and then declares I said I had nothing fresh to advance, emphatical, we can scarcely endure a modern language. gere frangit.

and was tired when my adversary would not yield. I defy itin is almost invariably employed for this purpose in With regard to what Anti-Sutor says respecting the him or any one else to make it appear, from the short senthe nations of Europe. Nor is this the effect of caprice learning of the fair sex, I must say that I perfectly agree tence at the commencement of a former letter, that such palantry, as some perhaps will be apt to imagine. Nei- with him in many respects; but he does me injustice when was my meaning. But this wilful perversion is of a piece r does it proceed merely, as others will suppose, from he says, I supposed thein unable to observe a proper me with the greater part of his last letter, and the latter part opinion that that language is more universally un- dium between forwardness and unreasonable reserve. It is of his preceding letter. He has recourse to a dispute be. stcod; for I suspect that this is a prerogative which not the possession of learning which is objected to in ladies tween me and a correspondent named Z., as if he thought I be warmly contested by the French; but it proceeds —it is the display of it. I should not think a female who he could glcan any support from it. In this respect also o the general conviction there is of its superiority in had acquired the dead languages had done wrong (pro. he is wrong. Z. entered the pages of the Kaleidoscope at of vivacity. That we may be satisfied of this, let us vided she had time to spare ;) but I should rather admire with so much self-consequence and conceit in his first ke the trial, by translating any of the best Latin inscrip- her for her attainments. Nor would I rob society of its essay, and was guilty of so many blunders and inelegan. 18 or mottos which we remember, and we shall quickly greatest pleasures by debarring females from conversacies in a later essay, that he richly deserved the reproof I eive, that what charms us expressed in their idiom, is tion: (I am sure no letter of mine ever contained took the liberty of giving. I did not retire vanquished Icely supportable when rendered into our own." The such a “Gothic and barbarous” idea;) but, if your cor- fro.n the field in my affair with 2., as your correspondent eples given are from the 6th of Bouhours' Entre respondent cannot endure Latin in masculine conver-states; I obtained an acknowledgment of most of his *Ariste et d'Eugene, called Les Devises. The sation and writings, pray how would he bear it in faults from him, and his last words contained an avowal

shall be that of a starry sky without the moon, the conversation and writings of females ? But, Sir, does of friendship and respect. What more could I expect espresenting an assembly of the fair, in which the he think there would be no pleasure in a lady requesting from him than this, when he had previously libelled me

finds not the object of his passion. The motto is a translation of a Latin quotation ? Yea, truly, the gra- as ignorant and miserably deficient? I affirm that I Con mille quod absens.In English we must say, “Atification would be mutual, and on this ground I cannot gained a victory; and to have kept the field with him any sand cannot equal one that is absent.” Another in- help hazarding the opinion, that the ladies would consider longer would have been madness and folly. But, after ce shall be that of a rock in the midst of a tempestuous him officious and blundering, and both parties think him all, what bas Anti-Barbarus, Jun. alias Anti-Sutor to do

to denote a hero, who, with facility, baffles all the “Gothic and barbarous.” But, Sir, after all, my phrase, with this affair? What business is it of his? I would ults of his enenies. The motro, “ Conantio frangere “of course," stands on firm ground. Your correspon- demand. Is it not his own maxim, that“ if a cause canzgit.” In English, "'I break the things which attempt dent much doubts whether the number of your male not be supported on its own ground, it does not deserve our peak me." In this example we are obliged to change readers who understand Latin is equal to the number of support? The conduct of Anti-Sutor is most unmanly person of the verb, that the words may be equally those who do not. Now, the Latin language is professedly and ungentlemanly. He makes a show of running full lieable both in the literal sense and in the figurative, a branch of education in all respectable schools for boys; 'tilt on the argument of his opponent; but, instead of at

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