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TAYLOR respectfully informs her friends and the

Public, that she will have for inspection This Day EGYPTIAN PANORAMIC DIORAMA,
(MONDAY) the

22d instant, and following days, an elegant Assortment of MILLINERY, CÁPS, FRILLS, PELERINES,

AT THE PANTHEON, TOP OF CHURCH-ETREET. Children's DRESSES, &c. suitable for the Season.

THE Public

are respectfully informed, that the above Bold-street, No. 76.

Room is fitted up as an EGYPTIAN TEMPLE, and that the Exhibition consists of FIVE VIEWS, each Painted

upon 650 feet of Canvas. Gymnasia

First View. The CARLI CAVES.-Second View. . The

PAGODA at RAMISSERAM. This View is seen under the AND

effect of a passing Shower of Rain.-Third View. The OLD Poetry. MISCELLANEOUS RECREATIONS. CITY of CAIRO. This View will be seen under various

effects of colouring: representing Night, Moonlight, Morning's How often have I bless'd the coming day,

Dawn, Sunrise, and Broad Day.

When toil remitting, lent its turn to play;
When all the village train, from labour free,


TION FROM DUNLEARY. In the ninth part of this popular work, recently pub- Led up their sports beneath the spreading tree;

The above Views will be Exhibited three times during the

While many a pastime circled in the shade, lished, we recognise all the beauties which have rendered The young contending as the old surveyed;

day:-First Exhibition at Half-past Eleven o'clock; Second,

at One; and the Third at Half-past Two. And in the Even

And many a gambol frolick'd o'er the ground, the former parts so popular and fashionable. We shall

And sleights of art, and feats of strength, went round.

ing also there will be three Exhibitions :-First, at Half-past make selections from time to time, confining ourselves, for


Six; Second, at Eight, and the last, at Nine o'clock, com

mencing precisely at the stated hours. be present, to the following.

“It is a call to keep the spirits alive." —Ben Jonson.

Boxes, 28.-Gallery, 18.–Children, Half Price.

Perpetual Tickets to be had at the Door, 58. per month, AND DOTH NOT A MEETING LIKE THIS.




GEON-DENTIST, 25, Bold-street, warranted to remain per

foctly secure and comfortable in the mouth, without tying, And doth not a meeting like this make amends

twisting wires, or any fastening whatever to the adjoining For all the long years I've been wand'ring away

Teeth, and yet so effectuallysecured, that the most powerful To see thus around me my youth's early friends,

motions of the jaws,in eating,cannotdisplaceor injurethem,

fixed without pain, and adapted with such accuracy to the reAs smiling and kind as in that happy day!

maining Teeth, that not the least difference can be felt, neiThough hapiz o'er some of your brows, as o'er mine,

ther can the minutest observer distinguish them. These The snow-fall of time may be stealing-what then?

Teeth can, with ease, be taken out, cleaned, and replaced ike Alps in the sunset, thus lighted by wine,

with great safety by the wearer.

25, Bold-street.
Well wear the gay tinge of youth's roses again.
That soften'd remembrances come o'er the heart,
Io garing on those we've been lost to so long!

Scientific Records.
The Burrows, the joys, of which once they were part,
SH round them, like visions of yesterday, throng.

GEOLOGY. is letters some hand hath invisibly trac'd,

SIR,—The feat here described I have copied from M. When held to the flame will steal out on the sight,

Clias's Gymnastique Elémentaire, wherein it is thus briefly The following able and interesting paper, which forms any a feeling, that long seem'd effaced, described :

Article XIV. of the North American Review for May The warmth of a meeting like this brings to light.

TO CHANGE THE HANDS. nd thus, as in memory's bark, we shall glide

last, will be perused with pleasure and advantage by those In equilibrium on the wrists between both bars. After To visit the scene of our boyhood anew,

having communicated to the

body a little impulse from of our readers who have not had the opportunity of seeing Fad oft we may see, looking down on the tide,

right to left, bring, with quickness, the left hand near the the original work from which we have made this entertain. The wreck of full many a hope shining through- right, without touching the ground with the feet or waist, ing extract. et stin, as in faney we point to the flowers,

and remove the right to where the left hand was placed The North American Review is a literary journal, That once made a garden of all the gay shore,

before. This exercise ought to be practised several times which, in our opinion, suffers nothing in comparison with eceived for a moment we'll think them still ours,

without resting. And breathe the fresh air of life's morning once more. Such of your readers as feel any interest in performances must eventually become a favourite in this country with

the best of our periodicals. It is a work, which, we think, is brief our existence, a glimpse at the most, Is all we can have of the few we hold dear;

of this description may see this and other feats performed the candid and enlightened portion of the public. At And oft even jog is unheeded and lost, in a masterly style this very evening (Monday, the 22d

present, however, it is but little known in this country; For want of some heart that could echo it, near. instant) by Monsieur Beaujeux, whom I take the liberty and, we believe, that in Liverpool it is only to be met with 1, well may we hope, when this short life is gone,

to recommend to your readers.--Yours, &c. To meet in some world of more permanent bliss,

at the Lyceum, where it is received very irregularly. F. a smile or a grasp of the hand, hast'ning on,

The article we now select is a very fair specimen of the kall we enjoy of each other in this.

The gentleman named by our correspondent is the same style of the reviewers in the department to which it relates. It come, the more rare such delights to the heart, The more we should welcome, and bless them the more

who was noticed in the Mercury in a paragraph, which It evinces considerable reading and research, conveyed to ley're ours, when we meet,—they are lost, when we part, we shall here repeat for the benefit of an ingenious the reader in a style in which the lively and the argu. Like birds that bring summer, and fly when 'tis o'er. stranger, who now appeals to their liberality.

mentative are happily blended.--Edit. Kal. R$ cireling the cup, hand in hand, ere we drink,

(FROM THE MERCURY.) let Sympathy pledge us, thro' pleasure, thro' pain, Gymnasia.-It will be perceived by an advertisement

[FROM THE NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW.] & fast as a feeling but touches one link,

under this head, that Monsieur Beaujeux, professor of Ter magie shall send it direct thro' the chain.

fencing, will, on Monday evening, present the public with An Abstract of a New Theory of the Formation of the an entertainment of a very novel kind. Monsieur B. has

Earth. By IRA HILL, A. M. Baltimore, 1823. and E. WATERHOUSE respectfully inform their recently visited London to get initiated in the Gymnastic Friends and the Public, that their new Patterns in exercises practiced in the academy of Monsieur Clias, who

From the days of Sanchoniathon down to the present LINERY, CHILD-BED LINEN, BARIES CLOAKS, PE: has published a singular work in French, now before us, time, ingenious men have

been much given to the amuseEs, selected from the first Houses in London, are now entitled Gymnastique Elémentaire ; being a complete ment of world-making; and the number of those, who As for inspection, at their Rooms, 70, Bold-street. course of Gymnastic exercises for training up our youth have found pleasure in this occupation, seems not to have MILLINERY AND BABY LINEN WAREHOUSE, in every kind of feat calculated to improve their mus- been lessened by the increasing light of science and phi1, PARKER-STREET, CHURCH-STREET.

cular strength and activity; and what we have read and losophy. The discovery of new trutlis has rather multi. D. DUNG LUSON espectfully informs her Friends seen of the exercises, has convinced us that they will plied than diminished the difficulties of these underslee relection of Ladies Caps, Habit Shirts, Frills, Collars: only in our public academies, but in private families. pions into the field, by heightening

the glory of triumph; Cuffs also a beautiful assortment of longer and Short M. Beaujeux, who is about to establish an academy in as the renowned knight of La Mancha was stimulated to ped Jean Dresses; all of which she will have pleasure in Dublin, has been advised to give an exhibition, en passant, untried exploits in proportion to the hazard and uncernitting to inspection This Day (Monday) the 22d instant, in Liverpool; and we can assure our readers, that the no- tainty which seemed to await his adventures. velty and obvious utility of the plan will amply repay

Nó task could be imagined more easy at first than that N.B. A general Assortment, 182Gentlemen's ready-made them for the very moderate admission money.-Foils

and of constructing a globe like our earth, it was reduced to -1, 1824. TISS MURRAY respectfully announces to her fence with Monsieur B.-See adv. Masks will be provided, if any gentleman feel disposed to a sort of mathematical problem," matter and motion

being given to make a world.” So tractable and accomFriends and the Ladies of Liverpool,

that she purposes ing a selection of MILLINERY, DRESSES, and New

modating was this problem, that it yielded with the utods, ready for their inspection, on TUESDAY, the 23d

most readiness to the plastic mathematics of the wonderGYMNASIA.

working cosmogonist. Worlds sprang up around him n, Duke-street, November 16, 1824.

(For one night only.) RS. HARRISON respectfully infornis her Friends MRA. BEAUJEUX, Pupil of Mr. CLIAS, the at his bidding, and he had only to sit in tranquil admiraProfessor of Gymnasia in the royal Colleges, most re- tion of the workmanship

of his hands. Among the moand the Ladies of Liverpool, that on WEDNESDAY, spectfully informs the Public, that he intends exhibiting the derns, Descartes has been the most successful in solving 24th instant, she will submit to their inspection a new principles of that salutary practice in Mr. Paris's Rooms, problems of this description. By his 1 elegant Assortment of MILLINERY, DRESSES, PELIS- Pilgrim-street, this evening (Monday) the 22d instant, at

“wild rule B, &c. &c. which have been carefully selected from the Seven o'clock in the evening. Mr. B. will also exhibit Fencing, if any Gentleman feel | he constructed the earth, the planets, the sun, and the

Of whirling vortices and circling spheres," Houses in London.-60, Bold-street, Nov. 19, 1824. APPRENTICES WANTED.

disposed. Admittance, 2s..


pp. 211.

heavens; and, after such prodigies of execution, where is of Democritus, which ascribed an equable motion to Ovid. But good judges have been unanimous in extolling the wonder that he should affirm it to be within the com- the atoms, and sent them forward

in parallel right lines. the uncommon elegance of his latinity. In this

respect pass of his power, " having a quantity of matter and mo Thus situated, they must move for ever without coming Casaubon, places him above all the Latin writers. Les Keill's indignation was kindled at the boldness of the as neither a world, nor any part of a world, could rise into of the poet, his work was deprived of his last houses philosopher, and he gravely pronounces this an insuper existence, except by a concussion and coalescence of these and this may account for the

occasional dark spots in fidence he could pretend to solve so intricate a problem overcame this apparent obstacle. He found out,


. of his style. Cicero was the editor and publisher et who blundered so much in the easiest and most abstracted notwithstanding the particles moved in right lines, yet posthumous poem.. If the voice of antiquity is to be trings in nature ?". With how

little reason this severe these lines were not parallel; and, however small the heeded, and the critics trusted, the illustrious editoreve c nsure is inflicted, let the wise and considerate judge.


in which two or more particles were moving toward not highly gifted with the qualities most requisite for the The early cosmogonists did not confine their labours to each other, they must at last meet.

task he undertook; and it is reasonable to suppose, the earth, but embraced the sun, moon, stars, and the Here the concourse began; two united particles coon defects escaped his notice, which the author's revising hand universe. The astronomer, Xenophanes, took the stars met with a third, and a general confusion ensued. Age would have removed. to be patches of clouds, which were lighted up at night, after age rolled away before the symptoms of harmony Notwithstanding the singular notion of Anaxagoras

, and extinguished in the morning. As for suns and appeared in any parti millions of combinations were gone mentioned above, respecting the nature of the sun and moons, he said, they were numerous, and that different through; the war was furious and dreadful; the imagina stars, this philosopher was the first to lay the foundation climates of the earth were accommodated with distinct tion has no power to conceive the number of objects, the of a rational system of the creation. He put the elemente sets. The great Anexagoras, the precepter of Socrates variety of forms, which arose and perished in the strife of chaos under the direction of an intelligent mind, eta and Pericles, was among the noted astronomers and cos. of these chaotic elements. But

the time came when one being, who had knowledge and power to govem and as mogenists of his time. According to him, the firmament particle after another found its appropriate place, its sym- range them according to his will. Had this great trik is an arch of stone, the sun an inflammable body about as pathizing particle, and then began to appear things in been rigidly adhered to, the immense absurdities

, thiet large as the ancient Peloponnesus, and the stars are stones regular shapes and consistency. These atoms were of all bewildered the minds of later philosophers on this subject, whirled up from the surface of the earth by the swiftness forms; some were round, others cubical, triangular, would have been avoided. It has been said, and probably of the circumambient air, which set them on fire, and hooked, cellular. The hooks clenched themselves into with truth, that some of the ancients borrowed their necien gave them a circular motion. Diogenes was not satisfied the cells, and in this

close contact formed hard substances, of the creacion from the book of Genesis. Juvenal textiles, with these theories. He declared the stars to be hot rocks, precious stones, and metals. Atoms of irregular that the writings of Moses were known to the Romans pumice stones, originally fixed in the sphere of the hea: forms combined into substances of different densities, as and proof is not wanting, that the same knowledgers vens, and serving as lamps in the night, but chiefly clay, earth, soil; and last of all came the globular atoms, common to the Greeks. It cannot be doubted, that it designed as breathing holes of the world. Other philo- which constitute water and other fluids, and can only be description of the creation, in the first book of the Mask sophers affirmed that the sun was globular and hollow, kept on the earth by resting in cavities. Thus the globe, morphoses, was copied from the Bible. The fau, and containing fire within, which produced light by streaming trees, plants, animals,

and all terrestrial things were frequently the language, correspond with the narrsisteet out through a cavity on one side. When this cavity was brought into being. They continue so, because in this the Jewish lawgiver. stopped, the sun was eclipsed. state the atoms maintain a harmonious union, which the

Ante mare et tullus, et, quod tegit omnia, coelum, Aristotle believed the universe, sun, moon, stars, the ordinary force of infringing atoms cannot dissolve.

Unus erat toto naturae vuitus in orbe, earth, man, animals, plants, and all things else to be Such was the contrivance by which Leucippus, Demo. Quem dixere Chaos, rudis indigestaque moles; eternal, having always existed in the same general forms critus, and Epicurus made the world, or rather their dis

Nec quicquam, nisi pondus iners, &c. as at present. The business of world-making, therefore, covery of the manner in which the world made itself. The whole description, in its important features, rear he deemed a gratuitous work, and unworthy of a philo-Cudworth writes learnedly to prove that Leucippus de- bles the Mosaic account not less closely than these operis sopher. Burnet has a long chapter to confute this notion serves not the honour of the original discovery, and would lines. The poet yields to his fancy, and, for his back of Aristotle, that the world is eternal, and to prove the fain tear the laurel from his head, where it has flourished nery and embellishments, draws on the mythology of a science of cosmogony not to be of such trifling moment so long, and place it on the brow of Pythagoras, or some times; but his cosmogony, his account of the early wid as the Stagyrite would have it. But he was too much earlier sage. We are not convinced by the arguments of edness of mankind, his deluge, his Deucalian and Pyth interested in the subject to be an impartial reasoner, as Cudworth, but in so grave a matter we would not decide are all derived from the first chapters of Genesis. will be seen hereafter. In Plato's system, ideas and forms with precipitancy, reserving to ourselves the right of furonly existed from eternity, and the world and all substan. ther inquiry and consideration.

[To be continued.] tial things were made by uniting these ideas and forms

A system like this of Epicurus, a system of Atheism to matt. r. Many are the deep speculations scattered and absurdity, however ingenious and highly wrought, through the ancients conceruing the origin of things, the could hardly have survived its author, had it not been

THE NORTHERN EXPEDITION. soul of the world, and the mundane'egg. One sect be: embraced by a few of the loftiest minds of antiquity, and lieved the Deity himself to be the universe, and as late immortalized by the powerful, the brilliant, the exhaust

From the Hampshire Telegraph. as the thirteenth century the body of poor Amalric was less genius of Lucretius. The poem of this extraordinary dug up and burned, on suspicion of his having abetted man, entitled De Rerum Natura, is a methodical expothis tenet in his lifetime. The Persians had their Öromades sition and defence of the atomical physiology, and more discovery ship the Griper, Captain George R. Lyon, 192

On Wednesday morning, the 11th instant, his Majesty and Arimanius, a good and evil principle, engaged in strikingly combines the richness of a poetical fancy with unexpectedly arrived at this port (Portsmouth) and perpetual contention, till Mithras calmed their

rage, and the deep thought of philosophy, a universal knowledge, into the harbour, direct from Davis's Straits, with Set them at work in forming a world. The Egyptians, refinement of taste, and polished elegance of language, signal of distress flying, having lost all her anchors Hindoos, and Chinese have not been deficient in schemes than any other similar composition ancient or modern. cables in fruitless endeavours to get into Repulse 2 and therries of cosmogony.

As it runs through the whole domain of nature, and seeks whither she was under orders to proceed, for the pure The Epicurean plan, which has made much noise in the the causes of all things, physical and moral, its topics are of co-operating with Captain Parry in search of a most world, and seems to have been for some time a sort of innumerable; many of them dry and crabbed, it is true; west passage. thriving heresy among the


, received its first ele- and such as no magic of fancy nor skill in poetry could The circumstances which have led to the failure od ments from the genius and labours of Leucippus. This adorn; but where the subject will admit, almost every branch of the north-west expedition are atributable philosopher invented the doctrine of atoms, or original line discovers a master's hand, and every period breathes stormy and severe weather, which prevailed in 3 par.icles of matter, indivisible and indissoluble, out of the spirit and glows with the imagery of poetical inspira intense degree than the oldest northern navigator rent which the earth and all terrestrial things were made. He tion. The opening of the several books, and the episodes, bers, and to the extraordinary bad qualities of the ship advanced but a single step, however, in moulding these are particularly beautiful. The poet talks wisely on the the purposes required. materials into a system; for, when Democritus imbibed origin of government and the arts, on the principles of It appears that the Griper left Stromness on the the sentiments of Leucippus, he found the entire mass of politics and morals ; and foolishly enough on physics, July, and made Cape Chudleigh (on the Labrader bis predecesso-'s particles in a state of unutterable con because his axioms are false. Take these for granted, on the 2d of August, having fallen in with iceberg fusion, and desperate warfare. To open light into this and his logic is exact; the wonder is, that, with so much days previously, and from which time sbe was beses abyss of contending atoms, and give rule to their wild folly at bottom, he could rear an edifice so magnificent drift ice. In this

passage she was found

to make som disorder, Democritus perceived it necessary, to impose and imposing. He never labours for a reason, and the progress, that the Snap (her provision tender) was frequen wholesome restrictions and definite laws. He laid it down facility with which he accounts for every phenomenon in obliged to take her in tow. as an axiom, that the agutz usyton, first magnitudes, nature, without deviating from his first principles, proves From Cape Chudleigh the Griper was obliged to stre as be called them, were eternal; and, also, that,. from the astonishing reach of his ingenuity, and the resources to the northward, to Resolution Island, as the field eternity, all these particles had possessed a uniform of his marvellous intellect.

prevented progress up Hudson's Strait: 'they were, by motion, each in the same direction, and with the same In the judgment of Dryden he was closely copied by ever, enabled to make slow advances to the westwa velocity. Thus prepared, he commenced the great work | Virgil, especially in the Georgics. Dryden characterizes close to the Savage Islands, until they made Salisbe of constructing a world ; but how far he actually proceeded, him as a sublime and daring genius, whose thoughts or Nottingham Island, but which place could not be or whether his accustomed employment, of laughing at are masculine, and full of argumentation,” and from certained from the impossibility of making observati the follies and vanity of mankind, allowed him leisure to whose warmth and energy "proceed the loftiness of his off the Upper Savage Islands. Some canoes of pati prosecute his task with suitable diligence, we have no expressions, and the perpetual torrent of his verse, where came off to them, who appeared to be of the same deci means of being informed.

the barrenness of his subject does not too much constrain tion of Esquimaux with which our navigators were bei The merit of completing the structure belonged to the quickness of his fancy." Julius Scaliger calls him an acquainted. They were dismissed with liberal prese Epicurus, a philosopher renowned for his brilliant genius, incomparable poet, incomparabilis poetu. He affected the and appeared much gratified. his exemplary virtues, and gentleness of manners, although old dialect, and, although the variety, thus attained, adds From Salisbury Island, the Griper proceeded 10 many of his followers added little credit either in principles to the copiousness of his language, and sometimes to the south point of Southampton Island, in which they or conduct to the name of their master. He contrived to sweetness of his expressions, yet it is too apt to convey a assisted by a strong current

setting down Fox's Chant bridle the roaming atoms, and subdue them to his plea- tone of harshness to the ear accustomed to the more mo- but, on their rounding Southampton Island, this curre sure. A remarkable oversight was detected in the axiom dern and regular phraseology of Virgil, Horace, and which then came down Sir Thomas Rowe's Welcome


Tech they wished to proceed) was directly against them,! The Griper spoke several whalers, all of which had been mi ne zily caused their shipwreck. Southampton Island unsuccessful in the fishery ; no ship had more than two

Correspondence. e focand to be laid down with tolerable accuracy: Off fish, and many none whatever. From the Captain of the south-west end of the island, the Griper was obliged Phænix whaler, Captain Lyon heard that Captain Parry's

LANDLORD AND TENANT. ancher, in consequence of suddenly shoaling her water : expedition had been seen in the middle of August, in lat. la gale of wind she parted one anchor, bue brought up 71, beset with ice. On the whole the season has been pain with three anchors a-head, in quarter less four more boisterous, and, consequently, the sea less clear than thom water: when the tide fell, the sea was so heavy it has been known for thirty years. It was very question. SIR,_From the many serious inconveniences which at the rudder continually struck the ground, and was able if Capt. Parry would be able to reach Lancaster's arise out of the law on this subject, I am induced to trouled almost out of the gudgeons: this was on the 1st of Sound. Had the Griper effected a wintering either in ptember

. On the weather moderating, the Griper pro- Repulse Bay or Wager River, or Chesterfield Inlet, Capt. ble you with a few observations thereon. By the law of eded up the Welcome, but a northerly gale of wind Lyon, with a strong

party, would have made a land jour- England, a tenancy from year to year cannot be put an stinging up, the ship was driven into Hudson's Bay. ney to Point Turn-again, near the Copper. Mine River, a end to, either by the landlord or tenant, without six Lowever, by perseverance, and taking advantage of every distance of nearly 700 miles, for which expedition they months' notice ending with the year, unless some particuNoutable breeze of wind, she reached Cape Fullerton, were fully equipped. Capt. Parry, if he succeed in passing lar understanding to the contrary exists between the parties. be Lartoard entrance of Wager River, and within about Lancaster Sound, and getting to the southward, down I dare not presume to come to a definite conclusion, either nded to winter. The coast on the American main land year to communicate with him) he will send a land expe- as to the perfect efficacy, or total inefficacy of this law, as

found so rocky and extremely dangerous, that she dition if possible, in the same direction, as well as to Re- it regards the security of landlord and tenant; but shall obliged to stretch off for Southampton Island, whence pulse Bay, in the hope of communicating with the Griper. content myself with merely pointing out a few of the evils

eodearoared to make for Repulse Bay, but was driven the tide directly to the southward and westward, against of the Upper Savage Islands, and of Salisbury and Not- and evasions which arise, and are daily practised, in this hat was supposed to be Wager River. Here strong tingham Islands, all of whom had frequently seen Euro-town, in direct opposition thereto, and leave it for others reezes and a heavy snow storm set in, which made it neces- peans. They were less savage in their habits and manners to judge how far it answers the end designed. In the first wry that the ship should be brought to with three anchors | than their more northern brethren, but they showed a place, I feel little hesitation in asserting, that in house fer the ship with tremendous force, forming thick coats oars and iron work from the boats. The Griper also com- only in a very few instances regarded, and in cases, too, biead, and made snug. The sea rose rapidly and broke strong thievish disposition: they endeavoure l'to steal the property, renting annually from 6 to £20 each, this law is ice in an instant, so as to connect the shrouds together municated with the natives of various parts of Southamp. I way up the rigging: The snow also fell so fast that ton Islands, who had never seen a ship before. They, where no special agreement has been entered into controlmen had much difficulty in keeping the decks clear. however, expressed very little surprise; they evinced ling its operation. The general practice amongst such The ship all this time pitched so dreadfully, that the more gentleness in their manners than any other of the householders is, not to consider either the law or the landbits came over the bumpkins, one of which was thereby Esquimaux tribes, and were much better looking and lord, but solely their own convenience; and if they are aken. During the night a large stream of ice was per. cleaner in their persons: the women were rather pretty: desirous of quitting their dwellings, they deem it only neini cuming down upon the ship, but, most happily, it all those people reside in the Walrus-hide huts, which sted before it reached her, and some small portions of it are described in Captain Lyon's last voyage.

cessary, in a cursory way, to inform the landlord of their ils struck against the bows, which did no damage. The The Griper is ordered to be paid off, and sold out of the intention, and that they shall quit “ in a week, or month, nd continued to increase, as well as the snow: at five navy. A vessel better adapted to the peculiarities of the or so." If the landlord feels dissatisfied with this no time dock in the morning the starboard cable parted, and, on service, will no doubt be provided for Captain Lyon and kind of notice, and refuses to quit them, they immediately Eship swinging to the other three anchors, she was struck his meritorious officers and crew, on the opening of the take upon themselves to relet the house to any person who a sea and parted from them all! Her situation at this season, for a further investigation. Captain Franklin, we ne was the most perilous that can be imagined, every understand, is to leave England, on his land expedition, may be in want thereof, and, of course, without making lividual momentarily expecting that she would drive on in February next.

those minute inquiries as to character and ability to pay, gre. Means of preservation, however, were not neg.

of which the landlord would have taken care to satisfy cted: the trysails were got on her, though it was so rs that no object could be discerned, and they did not

himself. And thus many persons obtain possession of

The Beauties of Chess. Ow so much as which way the ship's head lay, from the

houses, the rents of which they have to possible means of mpasses having ceased to act, the ship being, as it is sup

paying, and contrary to the very spirit and principle of a

Ludimus effigiem belli"............ VIDA. sed, directly over, or near the Magnetic Pole." Whilst

statute I shall afterwards have occasion to notice. It is esuming, in this distressing dilemma, that the wind had

true, that the tenant who thus relets, remains liable to the illed off the land, as the water deepened, a sight of the

White. i, and subsequently of the other celestial bodies were


landlord for rent; but it is also true, that the remedies btaiced (of which they had had no view for some days)

1 Castle ....E-5+ 1 King......H-6 against him for recovering the same, after his having ed the ship was found to have been drifted out of the 2 Queen ...,H--+ 2 King.. G-7 quitted the house, are not so summary as those which elcome, after having attained lat. 65. 30. There was 3 Queeo. H-7+ 3 King.. F-6

might be adopted during his actual possession, and are this moment no anchor left in the ship. Notwithstand- 4 Queen....H-8+ MATE.

liable to be more easily frustrated. Thus a landlord may, it was determined, if possible, to winter about Chester. Inlet, or even to the southward of that spot. The

for a length of time, be harassed with tenants, of other

(no. XXI.] Fevering efforts of all on board were accordingly directed

people's choosing, and who are incapable of paying their Tein the American shore, but finding that the ship got


rents. And what is his remedy? In many cases worse she shallows of Hudson's Bay, they were reluctantly pelled to edge axay for Salisbury Island, still hoping

The white, in this game, instead of immediately check than the disease ; for it would be folly, as regards small a few fine and favourable days would restore them mating the black with the Queen, either at H 8, or at houses, to even think of obtaining possession by ejectment.

lost ground. The bad weather, however, still con- G 7, compels the black to checkmate him with the King's It frequently happens that sub-tenants, instead of paying ed, and there was much difficulty in watering the ship Bishop's Pawn F 7, in eleven or twelve moves.

rent for occupation, enjoy this benefit gratis, and someese places, from a stream of ice. A number of natives

times insist upon being paid for vacating it: thus leaving the od to them io canoes, and trafficked their clothes for and spears. At length, the hopeless continuance of

landlord a choice of evils ; and it is wisdom to abide by the Black.

lesser. Of course, I here more particularly allude to those weather, the wretched condition of the ship (from her Facities) the officers and crew having suffered more

cases to which a well known adage, not less vulgar than

a 3 a 9 H uships than on any previous voyage, the advanced stage

true, may be applied, “sue a beggar,” &c.; and for the be season, with numerous other concomitant miseries,

naming of which, if not so peculiarly in point, I should pelle Captain Lyon to consent that the ship should

have occasion to apologize. But, as regards the public, got out of Hudson's Straits (an extent of eight hundred

the most serious evil, resulting from this system, is, the les of dangerous navigation) which place they had rcely cleared, when a southerly gale drove them up Davis'

facility it affords to vagrant strangers in obtaining a setits, 150 miles to the south ward of Resolution Island.

tlement in this parish. By the 13 & 14 Car. 2. ch. 12, bridentially, a change of wind enabled them soon after

renting for a year, a tenement of the yearly value of £10, proceed on a southern passage homeward, and the Griper

gained a settlement; and it has since been decided, that va here in six weeks, in the state we have described. Though little has been effected towards solving the geo

it is not necessary the renting should be for a year; for if phical problem of a north-west passage, by this voy

a tenement of the yearly value of £10 be taken for two yet some most interesting elucidations of the deviation

months, or forty days only, it will be sufficient to give a he compass have been brought to light. The compasses

settlement, (Burr. S. C. 474) and the principle of the staan to waver and contradict each other when abreast of

tute was, “the having substance enough to gain credit for Sarage Islands; and as the ship got to the westward, compasses got unsteady and useless. Whilst the ship

such a house." If a landlord had always the letting of his in Sir Thomas Rowe's Welcome, they frequently

own house, this would be a very operative principle; but ald not traverse at all, but stood in whatever position

when tenants, who, in opposition to the will of the landlord, card was placed. Should a passage be discovered by

are desirous of speedily and illegally ending their tenanpl. Parry, ihrough the Prince Regent's Inlet, it is con


cies, can so easily attain their purpose by reletting, they ered more than probable, from the irregular movements the ice, that it may never be entered again.


are seldom solicitous about the " substance" or character



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of the sub-tenant, leaving that point to be ascertained by us in this matter, to convey their sentiments in the mildest | have, in time, become so habituated to them, that they hari the landlord, when the rent falls due. Thus strangers, of of phraseology, when speaking of extraction or education ; been able to discern even the mice which ran about it every description, by treating with tenants so disposed, for though we wish our wounds to be fully probed, we do search of crumbs; and the light being suddenly restored instead of the owners of the property, may readily obtain not wish to have a caustic applied ; also on the subject they have solicited a return to their distal abodes, to avoit possession of a house, the rent of which is sufficient to give of wealth we should like to have an oily diction used, or its once cheering influence. Peter, of Sicily, the fisherman, them a settlement, but more than they can afford to pay. else the Stayley Bridge folks will bully us out of our cot- affords another instance of the manner in which nature It must, however, be confessed, that the landlord, as well tage-like tenements, whether inherited or acquired. For may be changed; then why not toads, by a long residence as the tenant, is in some measure implicated in the origin the community,

Yours, &c.

in rocky prisons, become so accustomed to such abodes and and continuance of this system. ,Half a years' notice to

ASHTONIAN. manner of dragging on life, that sudden exposure to the quit, ending with the year, is, in some cases, equivalent Ashton-under-I.yne, Oct. 18, 1824.

air may have the same effects upon them as it has apen to nearly eighteen months' notice ; for if circumstances P.S. Should a rump and dozen be the result of this dis- fishes, or immersion in water upon land-birds? should occur, to induce or render necessary a change of cussion, we will invite all the parties disputant, and will October, 1824.

0. R. residence, a few days after a tenant has commenced the give more ample notice of the time and place of eating and latter half portion of a year, he cannot, without the con- drinking than the literati of Bury did on a late occasion,

To Correspondents. sent of his landlord, legally quit his dwelling, until the for we can eat and drink at Ashton-under-Lyne, as well as Live KPOOL APPRENTICES AND MECHANICS' LIBRARYWe hare termination of the following year. It is, therefore, owing dance.

A. received the following note from a correspondent: to the stubbornness of landlords in insisting upon their

“Can the editor, or any of the readers of the Kardas

inform the writer if there are any lectures to be given strict legal rights, in such cases, that tenants are driven te

Patural History.

among the mechanics this winter, on chemistry, de the practice of reletting. I am not wise enough to disco


In reply to this inquiry, we have only to state, that we are ver the policy of requiring half a years' notice, ending


not aware that any well-informed person has it in content with the year, and, of consequence, cannot help thinking,

plation to enlighten the mechanics in the way here alloda that six months' notice given, and ending at any time, is

There are amongst us not more than two or three amply, if not more than sufficient, for all necessary secu- SIR,--So many different instances are recorded by re- persons who are competent to the task, to do it juste rity. Since, however, the law is otherwise, the only means spectable naturalists, of toads having been discovered in

although, we doubt not, that abundance of pretenta

might be found whose vanity would lead them to come of controlling its operation is, by the parties making such situations where no air could possibly gain admission, that

the office of public lecturer. The gentlemen who site et arrangements and stipulations, upon letting or taking not a shadow of doubt can be entertained respecting the capable of doing justice to the science of chemistry, mas houses, as may best suit their several situations and cir- fact, that these reptiles can exist for ages, nay, perbaps busily engaged in their professional pursuits, that i wsi cumstances in life; and it is the neglect of this due cau. centuries, imprisoned in stone, or imbedded in hard mine

be unreasonable to expect they could devote any time

promote the interests of even so excellent an institution tion which has led to the adoption of a practice not less ral. We are credibly informed, that they have been fre

the Liverpool Apprentices and Mechanics' Library, bowers detrimental to the interest of the landlord, than, on many quently found in stone quarries, marl pits, and also in the much it may stand in need of support. occasions, burthensome to the parish funds.

depths of coal mines; but perhaps the following is the Since we wrote the foregoing paragraph, we hana sem I did not, however, in the onset, propose particularly most singular station which a toad ever occupied, at least an advertisement in the Mercury, announcing that the to consider and point out the remedy, but merely to state so it appeared to me, upon perusing it amongst other in

brarian of this institution intends to deliver a discours

intending to illustrate the advantages of the diffusent the evil: this I have attempted to do, and trust I have teresting matter, in a book which I accidentally met with

knowledge amongst the people, and to draw the attenti not laboured in vain.

the other day, nor could I resist a strong desire of trans- of the public to the Mechanics' Library. This lecture Liverpool.


mitting it to your highly interesting publication. “ At be given to-morrow (Tuesday evening) the 234 instant Stadfold, near Wolverhampton, the stone steeple was re

the large room of the York Hotel; and we shoald have

drawn the particular attention of the readers of the Pereary paired upwards of a century ago, and it is recorded, upon CHARACTER OF A GENTLEMAN.

to the subject, had we been aware that such an adrertise the testimony of many of the inhabitants then living, that

ment had appeared therein. The editor is not in the habit Odi profanum vulgus, et arceo.--Horace, Ode 1, Lib. III.

the top stone of this steeple being thrown down by one of of reading the advertisements; and it was not until Satur

the workmen from the pinnacle into the church-yard, day evening that this particular advertisement was peinted TO TIIE EDITOR. broke into two pieces, and discovered a living toad in the

out to his notice. Whilst we wish all possible faces

the efforts of the librarian, we have been under the neces S18,-Without exclaiming with Horace that “ I abo- very centre of it, which died on being exposed to the air.'

sity of making the foregoing remark, as it would else har minate the uninitiated vulgar, and I drive them off,” it This certainly gives rise to many curious speculations. appeared singular, and indeed unaccountable, that must be admitted that select society is that society into In the first place it may be asked, how many ages the ani- founders and friends of the Liverpool Apprentices Liten which the “uninitiated vulgar” is not admitted, and such mal reposed on its bed of stone ere it was fashioned by the

we should not, in a marked manner, have drawn the

tention to any effort, from any quarter, to promote is is the society of which our assemblies are constituted; but hand of a mason? In the next place, for what period of

terests. We have only further to observe, that whilst as one or two chagrined and over-fastidious youths have time it enjoyed so exalted a station, and continued to tower

are of opinion that suficient notice has not been since dared to say, that though the above-mentioned elegant and above the busy crowd of mortals,“ scorning the base de- the intention of the librarian to read the discourse w very select assemblages of wit and beauty, are wholly free grees by which it did ascend ?"

we have just mentioned, we heartily wish that his ese from " homines pravis opinionibus imbutos et minus ido. It would be a very curious, if not very interesting, expe

ment may prove successful, in which case be will be eitt

to all the merit, as it is entirely an act of his own neus ad audienda mysteria veræ virtutis ad philosophiæ ;', riment, and one which, perhaps, no naturalist ever tried,

We are not without hopes, that a public diseussion 1 yet, that they cannot boast of the presence of two gentle. to discover, by proper management, how long those ani- our debating societies) will take place during the winter men, according to those rules of rank and aristocracy mals which pass the winter months in a state of torpidity aid of the funds of the Apprentices' and Mechanies' Lind which are the adopted children of feudality and tenure.—could preserve the vital spark, were their dormancy pro

which can now reckon amongst its constant readers This serious charge has given rise to much discussion longed by some artificial means. It does not appear very MUSICAL DEPARTMENT.-A query from No Musician obitel amongst us as to what constitutes the rank of a gentleman; improbable that, in such a case, if air were totally excluded,

to repeat what we have stated more than once or the and as our committee of management, though laudata ab and a cold temperature preserved, that the creatures in

that the general reader, who has no relish for the his, is yet culpata ab illis, for their selection and rejection question would continue torpid for a period of years, far the Kaleidoscope, will be no loser by its introduction of subscribers ; not wishing to remain in this tickle situa- surpassing that allotted to them by nature; this, in fact, may depend upon it that we shall, by means of game

supplements, more than give him the stipulated alle tion any longer, they request the aid of your numerous appears to be the only probable solution of the question

We have one such supplement now in preparation. readers hereon, and will be much obliged by any advice Why are toads found in stones and other opaque bodies, Ashtonian's letter, together with that of 0. R. and see on a point so delicate, from any one competent to give without any communication with the world without ?

others, have been temporally kept back by the loug eru advice. Some of our modern illuminati begin to enter- Let us suppose that one of this species, in seeking some we have been obliged to give respecting the late Lord Byte tain opinions, which, to the same enlightened body, seem suitable spot where to establish his winter quarters, tuin- Auti-Humbug is at liberty to draw whatconclusions he place so wild and incoherent as to go far towards excluding, bies down a chink in the earth, a marl pit, or a mine, with- We shall not descend to enter into further explanat from the above festivities, the most elegant of the elegants out suffering destruction, or material injury, in his descent:

with him on the subject. He is acquainted with the

to whom he alludes, and may, if he think proper, adre of Ashton, the " spes gregis” itself; and we are deter- he immediately creeps, it may naturally be supposed, into.

himself and his critiques to that quarter. Perhaps mined, if possible, to avoid the deplorable consequences some friendly corner or cranny, the entrance to which already done so. There is one symptom whieh would which must result from such chaotic notions, and so show either rain, or soine accidental cause, effectually blockades, most eountenance such a supposition. the said illuminati that we are possessed of minds quite and that so completely, that no possibility of escape or re- LA GLOIRE MILITAIRE.-The lines by J. B. fan on this sale

shall be given next week. open to conviction, and that we are men of deliberation. covery offers itself, until the hand of man, perhaps after a We therefore request, that by publishing this letter of in- lapse of ages, unbars the narrow prison, and lets in upon LEARNED QUOTATIONS.---The letter of Anti-barbarus, junéti

reserved for our next. quiry as to what constitutes a gentleman, you will enable the captive that light whose return only serves to put a us to relieve ourselves from the present dilemma; only period to his exhausted frame.

Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAY, request such of your readers as may be willing to oblige Prisoners, who have been immured in dark dungeons, E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord-street, Liverpool.


Literary and Scientific Mirror.


to fam_llar Miscellany, from which rellgiousand politicalmatters are excluded, containsa varietyof originaland selected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners Amuskanent, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Artsand Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annnel Volume, with an Index and Title-page.--Its circulation renders it a most eligible medium

for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements.--Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agenta

No. 231.-Vol. V.




in their passage over the stream, as done happened to he should blow his nose. The sub-prefect of Grosseto

approach it during our visit. The part of the plain im- did not reside at Scanzano; he established his court at The portion of C'Hermite en Italie, which we this day mediately around the fountain is barren, but not entirely his country-house, situated in the bosom of the mountains secut to other readers, terminates a work of considerable destitute of grass; it is even thinly scattered over with at a short distance from the town. sterest, which has been translated expressly for the Ka shrubs. The sulphur pits are surrounded by the huts of I visited Grosseto once more during the hot weather. Sorceape, with the exception of some discretional omissions the workmen, whose operations we observed with consi- The vast plains, by which this town is surrounded, produce ad alterations, which we do not hesitate to say have ren. derable interest. A description of them would be tedious a considerable quantity of corn, although the land is so tered our translation more valuable and interesting than to those who understand the method of working sulphur bad, that at Marsigliana the Prince Corsini, of Florence, ne arēginal M. Jouy is sometimes prolix in describing mines : such as have an imperfect idea of it, can acquire leases, by his factors, 400 moggi of land for 14 crowns or enes ordinary in their nature, and of such every day more correct notions only by reading works written on the francesconi, whilst a single moggio of good land is let for antence that nothing new or amusing can be said resubject.

a hundred crowns. The mnggio is equivalent to 24 decatia sting them. A detail of the quality of the soup, or

The most remarkable building in Scanzano is its tres, and the crown of Florence to five francs, 60 centimes. precise quactity of wine drank at a certain town or church, which is proportioned in size to the population of We returned to Sienna by way of Batigliano and Paga. lage, together with those frivolous personal details which the country: it is built of brick, and is situated at the nico. Grosseto and these two villages are considered the Te no purpose except to exhibit the vanity of the nar.

eastern extremity of the town. The organ is played by most dangerous abodes in all the Maremme. The air is la, vill admit of abridgment, or occasional omission, the sexton, and much resembles a German organ in tone. more pestilential at Batigliano than at Grosseto ; at Pagath sdrantage both to the author and the reader.

When I made inquiries respecting the customs peculiar nico it is so deadly in its effects, that this latter village is Hlaving now given the first original translation that has to the country, I was told, that, on St. Nicholas's day, distinguished by the name of the tomb. Batigliano is a Seared of a work in two volumes, value eleven shillings, school boys have a right to kill all the poultry which they pretty village situated

on the declivity of a hill. It is suraprising from six to seven hundred pages, we have it find at large in the streets. This custom reminded me rounded by pleasant meadows fertilized by the numerous contemplation to set about a translation of a most amus- of one prevalent among the students of Pisa, who have, branches of a copious and limpid stream, which issues from 3 and instructive work on Geology and the Theories of on the same day, the privilege of arresting all the Jews the side of the hill. From the month of June to the end

Earth; in which the modern discoveries of Cuvier, whom they meet in the streets, and of detaining them of October, this village is abandoned by all its inhabitants, Locher eminent naturalists, are pleasingly introduced. prisoners, until they redeem themselves by a ransom of as except a few domestics, left to take care of the empty have recently been favoured with this work from Paris, many pounds of sweetmeats as they weigh in the dress in houses. When we passed through it we found

only two we believe it has not hitherto been translated. which they happen to be taken.

servants at the inn. A pretty new house was pointed out Our translation of the Hermite commenced in the

You must have remarked how much more numerous Jews to me belonging to a young man, whose father, mother, akidostope, of February 17th; since which, it has been are in Italy than in France, notwithstanding the extreme brothers, and sisters had, within the space of two years, iInterruptedly continued to the present time. As a cer- rigour with which the Italian laws are enforced against fallen victims to their obstinacy in remaining there during in aynber of reserve copies are always provided, those their tribe. Their quarters are always separated from the the whole of the year. The surviving son, who is permg wid to have those containing L'Hermite may be ocher parts of the town, and as they are in low confined forming his studies at Sienna, is now the sole heir to this pplied through the Agents, by giving early notice.

situations, are necessarily dirty and unwholesome. Their tomb of his family.

preference to this country can be accounted for only by After having passed about an hour and a half at Bati-, Men and Manners.

supposing the state of commerce and manners in Italy, gliano, we continued our journey through Paganico, peculiarly favourable to the exercise of their industry. which was once a large and populous city, but is now

Notwithstanding the three fleurs-de-lis placed above the merely a frightful heap of decayed buildings. The air of SCANZANO. CONTINUED.

principal gate of Scanzano, the inhabitants do not appear the Maremme did not always possess its present baleful L'AERITI EN ITALIX, THI LATEST WORK OT W. JOUT. to be particularly attached to the French. Lately, a qualities; as these have increased, such inhabitants as

brigadier of gendarmerie, who was dangerously ill, could have escaped their influence, have gradually emigrated. (Translated expressly for the Kaleidoscope.]

not procure a drug prescribed to him by his physician. I When we passed through Paganico, the only human behad often heard mentioned the sulphur mines, was told, the day after his death, that the apothecary had ing whom we saw there was a peasant attending a herd of are situated at about a league's distance from Scan- refused to let him have it, because it had been demanded swine, near the ancient gates of the city. In all the The agent of the superintendant of the gunpowder upon trust.

marshes of Tuscany the climate is mild in winter, and altpetre works, who resided at Rome, one day con- Having effected the objecè of my mission, I left Scan- there is at that season great abundance of fish, game, and

d all the public functionaries to his establishment, and zano, the day after Napoleon's birth-day, which was sig.poultry, which are sold at the lowest prices. If this med one of his numerous cavalcade. After having nalized by a paltry display of fireworks. The president country were not infected by the pestilential emanations sed hveral woods, fields, and vineyards, we saw, from of the tribunal, named Alberti, was a well-informed man of the Castiglione, it would be an earthly paradise. Grossunnit of a mountain, a vast plain, covered with of about fifty-eight years of age, but singularly attached seto is watered by the Ombrone and the Bruna, rivers nga and smoke. I never visited the habitations of a to all the minutia of etiquette. So tenacious was he of running nearly parallel with each other; and as it is at srous people, but it seemed to me to require little the respect which he considered due to his rank, that he the distance of only six miles from the coast, it commands sk of the imagination to suppose ourselves approaching insisted upon the most ceremonious observance of it, even a fine view of the Mediterranean; but the plains around lony of savages encamped on the burning sands of at the theatre. He supplied the want of boxes there, by it possess less picturesque beauty than the country in the . We were already assailed by the odour of the placing in front of the long low benches of the pit, and in neighbourhood of Batigliano, which is also at no great bur. When we had descended by a winding path the centre of a row of straw.bottomed chairs destined for distance from the sea. I preferred the situation of Pagathe plain, we found ourselves in the midst of an ex. the accommodation of the ladies, an immense arm chair, nico to that of Grosseto ; it is, however, inferior to Batig. ve marsh, with a fountain on our right hand, over covered with tapestry. This seat of honour he commanded liano in the beauty of its scenery. h we were assured that no bird ever flew with im- to be reserved for his sole use. The musicians received Grosseto may be considered the Siberia of Italy, but it ty; and that no animal ever entered the stream which orders to begin to play as soon as he entered the theatre, is a more perilous abode than the Russian Siberia. Ex. | ftom it without suffering instantaneous asphyxy. and the actors to defer raising the curtain until he had treme cold, and the privation of the comforts of life, may

current of water is dried up in the summer. its bowed to both sides of the house, seated himself with be be endured without endangering health; whilst the in. Lations are not exceedingly mephitic, but we had coming dignity, and taken a pinch of snuff. The latter fected air which circulates in the Italian Siberia Occasions sa opportunity of observing their effects upon birds were also enjoined to suspend theit performance whenever fevers and death.


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