Зображення сторінки


1 Bishop ....B-6+ 1 King ......B-1
2. Pawn ....0-8+ 2 King ......-

makes a Knight and

gives check.*
3 Pawn ....B-4+MATE.

. Note.-From the query of one of our correspondents, it seems he is not aware that when the Pawn arrives at the square C 8, it may be converted into a Knight as well as Queen. It is generally called Queening; but it is at the tion of the player to call for what piece he pleases: anda inferior piece is often more valuable than the Queen, the present instance,

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every evening this week, Mr. CHARLES, the
ILLUSI NS in VENTRILOQUISM, and the ludicrous

Admission, 2s. 60.-Children, Is. 6d. Doors open at Half past Seven-Performance comme at Eight o'clock, and closes at Ten.


AT THE PANTHEON, TOP OF CHURCH-STREET. THE Public are respectfully informed, that the aber

Room is fitted up as an EGYPTIAN TEMPLE that the Exhibition consists of FIVE VIEWS, each

upon 650 feet of Canvas HOW ONE MAN MAY LIFT TWO MEN, OR EVEN First View. The CARLI CAVES--Second View


effect of a passing Shower of Rain-Third View. The CITY of CAIRO. This View will be seen under

effects of colouring: representing Night, Moonlight, More TO THE EDITOR.

Dawn, Sunrise, and Broad Day. SIR,- The person (fig. 1) who is to perform this ex A MOVING PANORAMA of the ROYAL VISIT TO IRELAN

the PUBLIC ENTRY INTO DUBLIN, and the EMBARA ploit, stands between (2 and 3) whom he intends to liftTION FROM DUNLEARY. from the ground. To do this, he (fig. 1) stoops down and The above Views will be Exhibited three times during

day: First Exhibition at Half past Eleven o'clocks. Se passes his right hand behind the left thigh of fig. 2, whose at One; and the Third at Half past two. And in the ye right hand he grasps- then he passes his left hand behind I ing also there will be three Exhibitions : First, at Half

Six; Second, at Eight, and the last, at Nine o'clock,

The mencing precisely at the stated hours. two persons (2 and 3) who are to be lifted, then pass each

Boxes, 2s.-Gallery, 1s.- Children, Half Price.

A MILITARY BAND. one arm round the neck and shoulders of fig 1. When in this position, fig. 1, by raising himself gradually from Mr. Charles, Theatre of Magic.--In addition to his stooping position, lifts fig. 2 and 3 from the ground. masterly feats of sleight of hand, his pleasing and instra When three persons are to be lifted, the third gets on the rero he lifted the third sets on the tive philosophical and electrical experiments, and

whimsical effects of the nitrous oxide, or laughing back of fig. 1; but the feat is more complete and the Mr. Charles has engaged a small but masterly band group more picturesque with two than three.

music, consisting of a violin, a harp, and Spanish guita Yours, &c.

0. 1-See adu.

(Being an antidote to the inattention of a modern Housewife to the

cleanliness of her Cook.)

Three aprons, two dusters, the face of a pig,
A dirty jack-towel, a dish-clout, and wig;

A foot of a stocking, three caps and a frill,
• A busk and six buttons, mouse-trap and a quill;

A comb and a thimble, with Madona bands,
A box of specific for chaps in the hands;
Some mace and some cloves tied up in a rag,
An empty thread paper, and blue in a bagi

Literature, Criticism, &c.

1" The definite articles in Spanish are de for the genitive “De mortuis nil nisi bonum" is a maxim which does and ablative, and a for the dative. To is always translated not appear to bave much influence with many of the into Spanish by a."

friends of this eccentric nobleman; and whether it pro. THE SPANISH LANGUAGE.

Here is a fine specimen of the declension (“ declination!") ceed from a scrupulous regard for truth, and a sincere TO THE EDITOR.

of articles ; pronouns he, him, her, they, and them, are | desire to read the world a moral lesson, or from the more $13,- I have never in my life entered the lists of Cri.

called articles ; the prepositions de (of or from) and á (10) ignoble motives of personal aggrandisement, we shall not ticista before; but there are at present so many persons

are called definite articles; and he gives us a beautiful il-venture to surmise; but we must say that the character who offer their novel systems to the public in this age of

lustration of vocatives, O him, o her, and them." of Lord Byron is exhibited by his friends and companions esaprovement, that it behoves those to whom they address

To which might be added, “Oh dear! how queer! that in a light more unfavourable since his death, than it was themselves to examine whether these novelties be real im.

such talent should be here !” The author also says, ever represented during his life by his bitterest enemies. provements, or mere quackeries. I have attended Mr.

that when the feminine article la is followed by a word The following observations on this subject are copied Hamilton's lectures, and perceiving by a pamphlet (pub.

beginning with another a, the article changes into a mas from the Liverpool Mercury of Friday laet. lished in London) and by letters in the Liverpool papers,

culine el, though the word still remains the same. Ex. el “In the whole range of modern literature, there are few that his system is undergoing an exposeé, I shall leave his

agua, water.” This observation would lead the learner works more entertaining and instructive than the Life of wooder-working engine to exhaust itself; and if he estab

* astray, because the rule here given should only apply to Dr. Johnson, by his friend and companion Buswell ; for

singular nouns, feminine, beginning with a, having the although it cannot be denied, that some parts of that sinGsh a durable footing in Liverpool upon the same basis of instruction that he has set out on, I shall soon expect the

accent on the first syllable ; for, when the accent falls on gular production are puerile, impertinent, and provokingly

any other, although the feminine noun begin with a, it minute, there is always a moral to be derived even from arrival of some professor to announce that he purposes. giving a lecture in the Music ball on teaching languages takes the feniinine article la, and not el.

the foibles and peculiarities of our great Lexicographer ;

7. OF NOUXS. by staan!

por is there any thing to be met with offensive to deli.

The Termination of the Adjective." Abridgment is now all the rage! What was acquired

cacy, or calculated to sap the foundation of the moral

" To form the feminine from the masculine, nothing and social virtues, upon which human happiness so essenby our predecessors in a series of years, is to be compressed

else is necessary than to change the o into a. Ex. bueno, tially depends. Any occasional prolixity which occurs in * by the high-pressure principle" into as many days.

buena. All other terminations are of both genders."- Boswell's memoir, is compensated a hundred fold, by the Pupils now call on professors of languages, and inquire in

This is not correct, for some adjectives ending in l and s, faithful picture it presents to us of the minor actions and what time they can learn a language, expressing them. elses surprised if it should exceed a quarter of a year!

in the masculine, add an a in the feminine, as Espanol, prevailing opinions of a man, whose extraordinary talents and I beard a few days ago of a person making an appli- |

Espanola, (Spanish ;) Ingles, Inglesa, (English,) &c. were improved by great erudition, and who was, moreover, cation to be taught three languages in a fortnight!

I fear I shall transgress your limits if I extend my pre- gifted with unrivaled colloquial powers. Grammars, wbich were formerly books, are now reduced

sent critique farther ; but as your work professes to exa- “We are, indeed, occasionally mortified to find, that a to the form of a table, about the size of a Liverpool Alma

mine literary productions, I shall again trespass on your man of such mental endowments was prone to bigotry and back and Tide Table, or a pocket map of the town. One

columns in continuation of the subject, if you consider to narrow prejudices unworthy of his character; but we of these fare productions is now advertising in the Liver.

the Spanish language one of sufficient interest to your forgive all, in consideration of the sterling integrity which pool papers, styled a “ Synoptic Table of the SPANISH


OBSERVATOR, formed the basis of his character. Grammar, and of all the Difficultics which the Spanish

"Some of the works professing to be auto-biographical While Bonaparte commanded in Egypt, the following Language can present, &c. by Mr. Fernandez, Author incident occurred :-Kleber was envious and refractory,

memoirs of the late Lord Byron are of a very different and Translator of several Works.” Price 3s. on a sheet, and disobeyed an order to the General. Bonaparte sent description :-in too many of these narratives, with which nad 4s. 6d. in a case. As the table includes conjunctions, for him. He attended with a haughty bearing, which, the press now abounds, we meet with very little to admire, but omits and as well as or, it is not so sarprising that the

joined with his stature, gave him an air of heroism. The much to condemn, and scarcely any thing which has

Staff--all present at this scene-silently contrasted the carned author has used the wrong one, unless the price be heroic height and proud deportment of Kleber with the

any tendency to improve the morals or the heart. If the really is. 6d., case included.

little person and pale countenance of the Commander-in-work, for the suppression of which Mr. Moore has in. I shall now proceed to analyze this valuable 38., 4s. 6d., | Chief. Bonaparte, at a glance, read their thoughts, and curred much abuse, in which, however, we never joined, Or 7. Bd. Svein Table and case and lay a sunopsis of changed his aspect in an instant. His countenance became bears any resemblance to some of the trash with which the the errors before the optics of your readers; premising that animated, bis eyes flashed, his voice broke out with extra

public is now inundated, that gentleman is eminently ordinary splendour : “ Which of us," said he, addressing It contains about as much printing as is usually included | Kleber. is above the other here? You are higher than

entitled to the thanks of the community, for the step he has in thirty decimo-octavo pages, which might be struck off I am only by a head-one act of disobedience more, and

taken. We are not amongst those who think that great I sitpence each, with a good profit to the printer; the that difference will disappear.” Kleber obeyed.

talent is any excuse for its misapplication ;-we do not ddition to the charge must of course be allowed moderate! It was prettily said of Lord Bacon, that he had the art

admit that a man of extraordinary endowments has any Tanvas, case, and the compiler's compensation for his of inventing arts.

prescriptive right to set at defiance the ordinary decencies till and talent.

of life; and, if we were assured that the late Lord Byron The table contains 22 divisions, which I sball examine Men and Atlanners. was aware, without protesting against the measure, that

the profligate ribaldry and unmanly exposure of private 1. ALPHABET AND PRONUNCIATION.

THE AUTO-BIOGRAPHY OF THE LATE LORD BYRON. character, which too often characterized his convivial The professor informs 'us that “the Spanish language

hours, were to be given to the public;-were we tho

(Continued from our last.) onaies siz vowels,” though he only condescends to name

roughly convinced of this, we should most heartily despise | “O'er the heart of Childe Harold' Greek maidens shall weep. his memory, noth withstanding his genius, and the emi.

: In his own native island his body shall sleep, inform us phy. It has generally the same sound as i,

nent services he has rendered the Greeks.

With bones of the bravest and best;
It some grammarians consider it a consonant in certain And his song shail go down to the latest of time,

“ Although we thus condemn many of the recent publi. Fame tell how he rose for earth's loveliest cliine, sitions, where it is pronounced with a faint aspiration.

And mercy should blot out the rest."

cations respecting this extraordinary personage, there are * Mr. F. has discarded it from the consonants likewise,

American Literary Gazette.

many entertaining extracts to be made from them. In the e Appears to consider the “y griega" beneath his notice. “ Save me from my friends, and I will take care of my

last two numbers of the Kaleidoscope we have given some Cle," he informs us, should be pronounced “tcha," enemies," was a saying of some one who, in all probabi.

copious selections, and we shall continue, for some weeks, ada the same line" che,” “ tcho."

lity, had found by experience. that there is sometimes as to pursue the subject; assuring our readers that nothing 2. OF COMBINED VOWELS.

much danger to be apprebended from an indiscreet friend,

Oprebended from an indiscreet friend shall be suffered to appear which may not be perused with Ite dipthong ui. Ex.: guisar, to“ koock.” Query: : | as from an implacable enemy.

propriety in their own domestic circle." hich is the professor most fit for, a teacher or a “cook ?" |

If Lord Byron could have conceived it possible that 4. DOUBLE CONSONANTS.

MISCELLANEOUS SELECTIONS FROM CAPTAIN MEDWIN'S CONVER"There are in Spanish four double consonants, which

| insinuation, or vain glorious boast, which escaped him in SATIONS OF LORD BYRON, AND OTHER WORKS. te the ce, oo, it, and the cc.” Rare grammarian ! who

his moments of thoughtless levity or reckless debauch, was fer heard ee and on called double consonants ! ( Above

registered for the purpose of posthumous publication,-! “Murray,” said he, "pretends to have lost money by query repeated.) 6. OF ARTICLES. he, too, would have exclaimed, “ Save me from my my writings, and pleads poverty ; but if he is poor, which

is somewhat problematical to me, pray who is to blame? "The masculine is el or le, &c. Examples : friends.”

The fault is in his having purchased, at the instance of These reflections naturally arose in our minds upon “Declination of the Articles."

his great friends, during the last year, so many expensive El, he, la, her, los, they las, they

reading certain auto-biographical notices of the lite and voyages and travels, which all his influence with The del, of him, de la, of her, delos, of them de las .. them

conversations of Lord Byron, whose enemies will be highly Quarterly cannot persuade people to buy, cannot puffinto 'Oel, o him, Ola, her, Olos, 0 them, o las, ...) gratified by these disclosures of his intimate friends. popularity. The Cookery book (which he has got a law.



suit about) has been for a long time his sheet anchor ; hut batteries will be opened; but I can fire broadsides too. not been canvassed, and made the subject of ten they say he will have to refund the worst of funds. Mr. ; They have been letting off lots of squibs and crackers epistolary discussion, wbat does that prove but the Murray is tender of my fame! How kind in him! He against me, but they only make a noise and ****" | merit of the whole piece? And the correspondence is afraid of my writing too fast. Why? because he has a "• Do you think,' asked I, 'that Sir Walter Scott's be valuable by and bye, and save the commentate tenderer regard for his own pocket, and does not like the novels owe any part of their reputation to the concealment vast deal of labour and waste of ingenuity. Peony look of any new acquaintance, in the shape of a book of of the author's name?'- No,' said he, such works do wisest who take care of their fame when they have mine, till he has seen his old friends in a variety of new not gain or lose by it. I am at a loss to know his reason | That is the rock I have split on. It has been wait faces; id est. disposed of a vast many editions of the for- for giving up the incognito, but that the reigning family he has been puffed into notice by his dinners and I mer works. I don't know what would become of me could not have been very well pleased with Waverley. | Holland. Though he gives very good ones, and fem without Douglas Kinnaird, who has always been my best There is a degree of charlatanism in some authors keeping Mæcenases are no bad things now-a-days, it is by and kindest friend. It is not easy to deal with Mr. Mur- up the Unknown. Junius owed much of his fame to that means true. Rogers has been a spoilt child; no wa ray.

trick; and now that it is known to be the work of Sir that he is a little vain and jealous. And yet bed * Murray offered me, of his own account, £1000 a Philip Prancis, who reads it? A political writer, and one praise very liberally sometimes; for he wrote to al canto for Don Juan, and afterwards reduced it to £500, who descends to personalities, such as disgrace Junius, friend of mine, on the occasion of his late publicat on the plea of piracy, and complained of my dividing one should be immaculate as a public, as well as a private that he was born with a rose-bud in bis mouth, a capto into two, because I happened to say something at character, and Sir Philip Francis was neither. He had nightingale singing in his ear,' two very prettily tu the end of the third about having done so. It is true his price, and was gagged by being sent to India. He orientalisms. Before my wife and the world quarre enough that Don Juan has been pirated; but whom has there seduced another man's wife. It would have been a with me, and brought me into disrepute with the pul he to thank but himself? In the first place, he put too new case for a Judge to sit in judgment on himself in a Rogers had composed some very pretty commenda high a price on the copies of the first two cantos that came Crim. Con. It seems that his conjugal felicity was not verses on me; but they were kept corked up for ti out, only printing a quarto edition, at, I think, a guinea great; for when his wife died, he came into the room long years under hope that I might reform and edi and a half. There was a great demand for it, and this in. where they were sitting up with the corpse, and said, | favour with the world again, and that the said lines duced the knavish booksellers to buccaneer. If he had | Solder her up, solder her up.' He saw his daughter he is rather costive, and does not like to throw away put John Murray on the title-page, like a man, instead of crying, and scolded her, saying, “An old bag, she ought effusions) might find a place in Human Life. But i Smuggling the brat into the world, and getting Davison, to have died thirty years ago!' He married, shortly a great deal of oscillation, and many a sight at their 1 who is a printer, and not a publisher, to father it, who after, a young woman. He hated Hastings to a violent destiny-their still-born fate-they were hermetic would have ventured to question his paternal rights ? or degree ; all he hoped and prayed for was to outlive him. sealed, and adieu to my immortality.” • • who would have attempted to deprive him of them? But many of the newspapers of the day are written as well “Rogers is the only man I know who can write

" The thing was plainly this ; he disowned and refused as Junius. Matthias's book, The Pursuits of Literature, I grams, and sharp bone-cutters too, in two lines; fer to acknowledge the bantling; the natural consequence was, now almost a dead letter, had once a great fame.

stance, that on an M. P. (now a Peer) who had revia that others should come forward to adopt it. Mr. John

his book, and said he wrote very well for a banker!! Murray is the inost nervous of God's booksellers. When “Since you left us,” said Lord Byron, “I have seen

“They say he has no heart, and I deny it, Don Juan first came out, he was so frightened that he Hobhouse for a few days. Hobhouse is the oldest and best

He has a heart and gets his speeches by it" made a precipitate retreat into the country, shut himself | friend I have. What scenes we have witnessed together!

The following is his Lordship's opinion of Campbell up, and would not open his letters. The fact is, he prints Our friendship began at Cambridge, we led the same sort

“ The conversation turned after dinner on the lyri for too many bishops. He is always boring me with pi. of life in town, and travelled in company a great part of ratical edition after edition, to prove the amount of his the years 1809, 10, and 11. He was present at my mar

poetry of the day, and a question arose as to which was own losses, and furnish proof of the extent of his own riage, and was with me in 1816, after my separation. We

w most perfect ode that had been produced. Shelly content

for Coleridge's on Switzerland, beginning, Ye cloud folly. Here is one at two shillings and sixpence, that were at Venice, and visited Rome together, in 1817. The

&c. ; others named some of Moore's Irish Melodies, came out only yesterday. I do not pity him. Because Igreater part of my Childe Harold was composed when we

Campbell's Hohenlinden; and, had Lord Byron Dot be gave him one of my poems, he wanted to make me be- were together, and I could do no less in gratitude than lieve that I had made him a present of two others, and dedicate the complete poem to him. The first canto was

I present, his own Invocation to Manfred, or ode to Ne

leon, or on Prometheus, might have been cited. hinted at some lines in English Bards, that were certainly inscribed to one of the most beautiful little creatures I ever

“Like Gray," said he, « Campbell smells too much to the point. But I have altered my mind considerably saw, then a mere child-Lady Charlotte Harleigh was my on upon that subject; as I once hinted to him, I see no Ianthe.

mythe oil; he is never satisfied with what he does; his fite

" Hobhouse's Dissertation reason why a man should not profit by the sweat of his

on Italian Literature is

things have been spoiled by over polish the sharpness brain as well as that of his brow, &c. besides, I was poor much superior to his Notes on Childe Harold. Perhaps

the outline is worn off. Like paintings, poems may be toll

| highly finished. The great art is effect, no matter bon at that time, and have no idea of aggrandising booksel. he understood the antiquities better than Nibbi, or any of

produced. lers. I was in Switzerland when he made this modest re- the Cicerones; but the knowledge is somewhat misplaced

"I will show you an ade you have never seen, that quest and he always entertained a spite against Shelley where it is. Shelley went to the opposite extreme, and

consider little inferior to the best which the present prom for making the agreement, and fixing the price, which, never made any notes. I believe, was not dear: for the third canto of Childe Hobhouse has an excellent heart: he fainted when he

age has brought forth. With this he left the table, alma

before the cloth was removed, and returned with smag Harold, Manfred, and The Prisoner of Chillon, &c. I got heard a false report of my death in Greece, and was won

zine, from which he read the following lines on Sira £2,400. Depend on it he did not lose money-he was not derfully affected at that of Matthews-a much more able

Moore's burial, which perhaps require no apology puined by that speculation. | man than the Invalid. You have often heard me speak

finding a place here:t * Murray has long prevented The Quarterly from of him. The tribute I paid to his memory was a very abusing me. Some of its bullies have had their fingers inadequate one, and ill expressed what I felt at his loss."

" Not a drum was heard, nor a funeral note, itching to be at me; but they would get the worst of it The following particulars are given by Captain Medwin,

As his corse to the rampart we hurried; in a set-to.” (Here he put himself in a boxing attitude.) respecting his manner of composing and his powers of con

Not a soldier discharged his farewell shot "I perceive, however, that we shall have some sparring versation :

O'er the grave where our hero we buried. ere long. I don't wish to quarrel with Murray, but it “Sometimes when I call, I find him at his desk; but

We buried him darkly at dead of night, seems inevitable. I had no reason to be pleased with him he either talks as he writes, or lays down his pen to play at The sods with our bayonets turning, the other day. Galignani wrote to me, offering to pur- billiards, till it is time to take bis airing. He seems to be By the struggling moonbeam's misty light, chase the copyright of my works, in order to obtain an able to resume the thread of his subject at all times, and And the lantern dimly burning. exclusive privilege of printing them in France. I might to weave it of an equal texture. Such talent is that of an No useless coffin enclosed his breast, have made my own terms, and put the money into my an improvisatore. The fairness, too, of his manuscripts Nor in sheet nor in shroud we bound him, own

; in tead of whic enclosed Galignani's let. (I do not speak of the handwriting) astonishes no less than But he lay like a warrior taking his rest. ter to Murray, in order that he might concluse the matter the perfection of every thing he writes. He hardly ever With his martial cloak around him. as he pleased. He did so, very advantageously for his own alters a word for whole pages, and he never corrects a line Few and short were the prayers we said, interest; but never had the complaisance, the common in subsequent editions. " I do not believe that he has ever And we spoke not a word of sorrow; politeness, to thank me, or acknowledge my letter. My read his works since he examined the proof sheets, and yet But we steadfastly gazed on the face of the dead, differences with Murray are not over. When he pur. he remembers every word of them, and every thing else And we bitterly thought of the morrow. chased Cain, The Two Foscari, and Sardanapalus, he worth remembering that he has ever known.

We thought, as we hollow'd his narrow bed, sent me a deed, which you remember witnessing. Well: “I never met with any man who shines so much in con

And smooth'd down his lonely pillow, after its return to England, it was discovered that versation. He shines the more, perhaps, for not seeking

That the foe and the stranger would tread o'er his bead • • But I shall take no notice of it." to shine. His ideas flow without effort, without his having

And we far away on the billow! Some time afterwards he said :occasion to think. As in his letters he is not nice about

Lightly they'll talk of the spirit that's gone, “ Murray and I have made up our quarrel; at least, it expressions or words, there are no concealments in him,

And o'er his cold ashes upbraid him, is not my fault if it should be renewed. The Parsons have no injunctions to sécrecy; he tells every thing that he has

But nothing he'll reck, if they let him sleep him ou been at him about 'Cain.' An Oxonian has addressed a thought or done without the least reserve, and as if he

In the grave where a Briton has laid him. bullying letter to him, asking him how so moral a book. wished the whole world to know it; and does not throw

But half of our heavy task was done, seller can stain his press with so profane a book ? He is the slightest gloss over his errors.Brief himself, he is

When the clock told the hour for retiring: threatened with a prosecution by the Anti. Constitutional impatient of diffuseness in others, hates long stories, and

And we heard, by the distant and random gun, Society. I don't believe they will venture to attack him : seldom repeat's his own. If he has heard a story you are

That the foe was suddenly firing. if they do, I shall go home and make my own defence." telling, he will say, you told me that,' and, with good Lord Byron wrote the same day the letter contained in humour, sometimes finish it for you himself.

Slowly and sadly we laid him down, the notes on “Cain," Some months afterwards he said The following is Lord Byron's opinion of Rogers:

From the field of his fame fresh and gory: in a letter :

(Medwin)" Is there one line of that poem (the Plea.

We carved not a line, we raised not a stone, «Murray and I have dissolved all connexion. He had sures of Memory) that has not been altered and re-altered,

But we left him alone with his glory. the choice of giving up me or the Navy Lists. There till it would be difficult to detect in the patchwork any was no hesitation which way he should decide; the Ad. thing like the texture of the original stuff?"

* See our preparatory remarks.

u t We have frequently publisbed this very striking elegy. miralty carried the day. Now for The Quarterly: their (Byron) “ Well, if there is not a line or a word that has' Edit. Kal.vennego

he is a

ns are made of

The feeling with which he recited these admirable character of great eccentricity, mixed in none of the amusc. by his wife's melancholy fate, which ever after threw a banzas, I shall nerer forget. After he had come to an ments natural to his age--was of a melancholy and reserved cloud over his own. The year subsequent to this event he 10), he repeated the third, and said it was perfect, parti- disposition, fond of solitude, and made few friends. Nei. married Mary Wolstonecraft Godwin, daughter of the alarly the lines

ther did he distinguish himself much at Eton ; for he had celebrated Mary Wolstonecraft and Godwin ; and shortly *But he lay like a warrior taking his rest,

a great contempt for modern Latin verses, and his studies before this period, heir to an income of many thousands With his martial eloak around him."

were directed to any thing rather than the exercises of his a year, and a baronetage, he was in such pecuniary dis* I should have taken,” said Shelley, “ the whole for class. It was from an early acquaintance with German tress that he was nearly dying of hunger in the streets ! roxza sketch of Campbell's."

writers, that he probably imbibed a romantic turn of mind ; | Finding, soon after his coming of age, that he was enti. ** No," replied Lord Byron : "Campbell would have at least, we find him before fifteen publishing two Rossitled to some reversionary property in fec, he sold it to his ained it, it it had been his."

Matilda-like novels, called . Justrozzi' and The Rosi. | father for an annuity of £1000 a year, and took a house "I afterwards had reason to think that the ode was crucian,' that bore no marks of being the productions of a at Marlow, where he persevered more than ever in bis ord Byron's; that he was piqued at none of his own boy, and were much talked of, and reprobated as immoral poetical and classical studies. It was during his residence baing mentioned ; and, after he had praised the verses so by the Journalists of the day. He also made great pro. in Buckinghamshire that he wrote his Alastor, or the highly, ould not own them. No other reason can be gress in chemistry. He used to say, that nothing ever Spirit of Solitude; and perhaps one of the most perfect signed for his not acknowledging himself the author, delighted bim so much as the discovery that there wcre no specimens of harmony in blank verse that our language particularly as he was a great admirer of General Moore. ricments of earth, fire, or water; but before he left school possesses, and full of the wild scenes winch his imagination Or Madame de Stael he said:

he nearly lost his life by being blown up in one of his ex. had treasured up in his Alpine excursions. In this poem * No woman had so much bonne foi as Madame de periments, and gave up the pmsuit. He now turned his he deifics natare much in the same way that Wordsworth sel = her's was a real kindness of heart. She took the mind to metapinysics, and became infected with the niate- did in his earlier productions. Teatest possible interest in my quarrel with Lady Byron, rialism of the French school. Even before he was sent to “ Inattentive to pecuniary matters, and generous to I rather Lady Byron's with me, and had some influence University College, Oxford, he had entered into an episto- excess, he soon found that he could not live on his income ; leer my w much as any person but her mother, lary theological controversy with a dignitary of the Church, and, still unforgiven by his family, he came to a resolumhish is not saying much. I believe Madame de Stael under the feigned name of a woman; and, after the second tion of quitting his native country, and never returning to 30 mer utmost to bring about a reconciliation between us. I term. he printed a pamphlet with a most extravagant title, I it. There was another circumstance, also, that tended to She was the best creature in the world."

• The Necessity of Atheism.' This silly work, which was disgust him with England: his children were taken from 0* Coleridge he had the highest opinion :

only a recapitulation of some of the arguments of Voltaire him by the Lord Chancellor, on the ground of his Atheism. * Coleridge is like Sosie in Amphitryon; he does not and the philosophers of the day, he had the madness to He again crossed the Alps, and took up his residence at 90% bether he is himself or not. If he had never gone to circulate among the bench of Bishops, not even disguising Venice. There he strengthened his intimacy with Lord Tany, dor spoiled his fine genius by the transcendental his name. The consequence was an obvious one; he was

and wrote his Revo Flosophy and German metaphysics, nor taken to write summoned before the heads of the College, and, refusing poem in the Spenser stanza. Noticed very favourably in s sermons, he would have made the greatest poet of the to retract his opinions, on the contrary preparing to argue Black

| Blackwood's Magazine, it fell under the lash of The ay. What poets had we in 1795 ? Hayley had got a them with the examining Masters, was expelled the Uni. I Quarterly, which indulged itself in much personal abuse sonopoly, such as it was; Coleridge might have been any versity. This disgrace in itself affected Shelley but little of the author, both openly in the review of that work, and

at the time, but was fatal to all his hopes of happiness and insidiously under the critique of Hunt's Foliage. Per. The account of the performance of the last offices to prospects in life; for it deprived him of his first love, and I haps little can be said for the philosophy of The Loves of Ir. Shelley's remains, and the account of Shelley given was the eventual means of alienating him for ever from his Laon and Cythra. Like Mi. Owen, of Lanark, he beF Captain Medwin, are highly deserving of extract: family. For some weeks after this expulsion, his father | lieved in the perfectability of human nature, and looked

* 18th August, 1822.-On the occasion of Shelley's me- refused to receive him under his roof; and when he did, forrard to a period when a new golden age would return incholy fate, I revisited Pisa, and on the day of my arrival treated hion with sucb marked coldness, that he soon quitted to earth-when all the different creeds and systems of the sint trial Lord Byron was gone to the sea-shore, to assist what be no longer considered his home, went to London world would be amalgamated into one-crime disappear

performing the last offices to his friend. We came to a privately. and thence eloped to Gretna Green with a Miss and man, freed from shackles civil and religious, bow bepat Darked by an oid and withered trunk of a fir-tree, Westbrook-their united ages amounting to 33. This last fore the throne of his own aweless soul,' or of the nd near it, on the beach, stood a solitary hut, covered act exasperated his father to such a degree, that he now Power unknown." rith reeds. The situation was well calculated for a poet's broke off all communication with Shelley. After some

“ Wild and visionary as such a speculation must be 23 A few weeks before I had ridden with him and stay in Edinburgh, we trace him into Ireland; and, that confessed to be in the present state of society, it sprang ord Byron to this very spot, which I afterwards visited country being in a disturbed state, find him publishing a from a mind enthusiastic in its wishes for the good of the note than once. In front it was a magnificent extent of pamphlet, which had a great sale, and the object of which species, and the amelioration of mankind and of society; ne blue and windless Mediterranean, with the Isles of was to soothe the minds of the people, telling them that

and however mistaken the means of bringing about this Elba and Gorgona.-Lord Byron's yacht at anchor in the moderate firmness, and pnt open rebellion, would most

reform or “revolt" may be considered, the object of his ffing : on the other side an almost boundless extent of tend to conciliate, and to give them their liberties.

whole life and writings seems to have been to develope andy wilderness, uncultivated and uninhabited, here and there interspersed in tufts with underwood curved by the lo

"He also spoke at some of their public meetings with them. This is particularly observable in his next work,

great fluency and eloquence. Returning to England the tea-breeze, and stunted by the barten and dry nature of Liter end of 1812. and being at that time an admirer of play of

The Prometheus Unbound, a bold attempt to revive a lost

mirer of play of Æschylus. This drama shows an acquaintance he soil in which it grew. At equal distances along the Mr. Southey's poems, he paid a visit to the Lakes, where


with the Greek tragedy-writers which perhaps no other past

are tower

rs, for the double purpose of himself and his wife onssed several days, at Keswick. He person possessed in an equal degree, and was written at t from so 5 me now became devoted to poetry, and after imbuing him. I no

Rome, amid the flower-covered ruins of the Baths of Ca. w was bounded by an immense self with the rof Bean Sunosa, and The Powricall racalla. At Rome also he formed the story of The Cenci tentoeche Italian Alps, wluich are here particularly pic. Justice, composed his Queen Mab, and presented it to

into a tragedy, which, but for the harrowing nature of the resque, from their volcanic and manifold appearances,

most of the literary characters of the day-among the rest dsbich beiog composed of white marble, gave their

subject, and the prejudice against any thing bearing his

name, could not have failed to have had the greatest sucto Lord Byron, who speaks of it in his note to The Two maits the resemblance of snow. *As a foreground to this picture appeared as extraor

Foscari thus:- I showed it to Mr. Sotheby as a poem of cess, if not on the stage, at least in the closet. Lord steny a group. Lord Byron and Trelawney were seen

great power and imagination. I never wrote a line of the Byron was of opinion that it was the best play the age had

notes, nor ever saw them except in their olished forn produced, and not unworthy of the immediate followers of eing over the burning pile, with some of the soldiers f the guard ; and Leigh Hunt, whege feelings and nerves

No one knows better than the real author, that his opi. Shakspeare. muld not carry him through the ene of horror, lying

pions and mine differ materally upon the metaphysicall “ After passing several months at Naples, he finally Ict in the carriage, the four post-horses ready to drop

5 portion of that work; thougls, in common with all who settled, with his lovely and amiable wife, in Tuscany, ith the intensity of the noon-day sun. The stillness of

PI are not blinded by baseness and bigotry, I highly admire | where he passed the last four years in domestic retirement

the poetry of that and his other productions." Taround was yet more felt by the shrill scream of a soli.

It is to be and intense application to

and intense application to study. remarked here, that Queen Mab, cight or ten years af.

" His acquirements were great. He was, perhaps, the Perlew, which, perhaps, attracted by the body, wheeled iach narrow circles round the pile, that it might have

terwards, fell into the hands of a kravish bookseŰer. who first classic in Europe. The books he copsidered the published it on his own account; and on its publication,

models of style for prose and poetry were Plato and the o struck with the hand, and was so fearless that it could t be driven away. Looking at the corpse, Lord Byron and subsequent prosecution, Shelley disclaimed the opi- Gr

Greek dramatists. He had made himself equally master ven away. Looking at the corpse, Lord Byron nions contained in that work, as being the crude notions

of the modern languages. Calderon in Spanish, Petrarch "Why, that old silk handkerchief retains its form

and Dante in Italian, and Goëthe and Schiller in German, of his youth.

| were his favourite authors. French he never read, and tter than that human body!'" His marriage, by which he had two children, soon

said he never could understand the beauty of Racine. "Searcely was the ceremony concluded, when Lord I turned out (as might have been expected) an unhappy one,

I “ Discouraged by the ill success of his writings--perseron. agitated by the spectacle he had witnessed, tried to and a separation ensuing in 1816, he went abroad, and I sipate, in some degree, the impression of it, by his fa passed the summer of that year in Switzerland, where the cuted by the malice of his enemies-hated by the world site gerention. He took off his clothes, therefore and l scenery of that romantic country tended to make nature a / an outcast from his family, and a martyr to a painful am of

I passion and an enjoyment; and at Geneva he formed a complaint, he was subject to occasional hits of melancholy | friendship for Lord Byron, which was destined to last for I and dejection. For the last four years, though he conti

nued to write, he had given up publishing. There were We shall here terminate our extracts this week, in order I life. It has been said, that the perfection of every thing introduce the following most interesting memoir of the

Lord Byron wrote at Diodati (his Third Canto of Childe two occasions, however, that induced him to break through

te | Harold, his Manfred. and Prisoner of Chillon) owed | his resolution. His ardent love of liberty inspired him to ifortunate Shelley.

something to the criticaliudoment that Shelley exercised | write Hellas, or the Triumph of Greece, a drama, since ** Percy Bysshe Shelley was removed from a private over those works, and to his dosing him (as be used to say translated into Greek, and which he inscribed to his friend lool at thirteen, and sent to Eton. He there shewed a with Wordsworth. In the autumn of this year we find

Prince Maurocordato; and his attachment to Keats led the subject of this Memoir at Como, where he wrote Ro.

him to publish an elegy, which he entitled Adonais. salind and Helen, an eclogue, and an ode to the Eugenean "This last is, perhaps, the most perfect of all his com". I am corroborated in this opinion, lately, by a lady bare brother received it many years ago from Lord Byron, Hills, marked with great pathos and beauty. His first positions, and the one he himself considered so. Among his Lordship's own hand writing."

I visit to Italy was short, for he was soon called to England the mourners at the funeral of his poet friend, he draws



es distant

this portrait of himself (the stanzas were afterwards ex- Ratcliff's entering just at the moment he is recovering

FRUIT TREES. panged from the elegy):

from the terror struck on his soul by the apparitions: this ** • Mid others of less note came one frail form,

was admirable, and left me nothing to wish for. These, A phantom among men-companionless however, were the only points in the whole piece that struck

TO THE EDITOR. As the last cloud of an expiring storm,

we as any thing extraordinary ; as for the rest, it was all / SIR, --You have inserted many curious accounts Whose thunder is its knell. He, as I guess,

trick and nonsense. His sudden transitions of voice and fruit-trees bearing fruit twice during summer, and son Had gazed on Nature's naked loveliness

countenance are seldom called for ; and, though what the blooming in winter. I can inform you of a pear-te Actæon-like; and now he fled astray

English call striking, are far removed from nature. The With feeble steps on the world's wilderness,

scene with Lord Stanley, for instance, was very ill acted; for,

The growing in Mr. Garside's garden, in Ormskirk, which du And his own thoughts along that rugged way though he doubted his devotion, was it the way to gain my

been known to bear twice a year, for forty years back Pursued, like raging hounds, their father and their prey." Lord Stanley's aid to treat him with the most studied and and the last summer, and the summer before, it was alwa His head was bound with pansies overblown,

palpable contempt, and even to make faces at him. It is my in bloom; and, though the first crop have long disa And faded violets, white and pied and blue;

opinion, that had the usurper, Richard, demeaned himself peared, there are pears now on the tree from the size And a light spear, topp'd with a cypress cone,

towards Lord Stanley, as Kean did towards his representa. |
tive, Lord Stanley would have very deliberately passed

a nut-kernel to that of a hen's egg.
(Round whose rough stem dark ivy tresses shone,
his sword through Richard's body, let the consequence

Ormskirk, October 30, 1824.
Yet dripping with the forest's noonday dew.)
Vibrated, as the ever-beating heart

have been what it would. Again, I would inquire, what Shook the weak hand that grasp'd it. Of that crew

Mr. Kean means by using a foil instead of a sword, in the

field of battle? He came the last, neglected and apart

To Correspondents.

This is on a par with the rest of his per. - A herd-abandoned deer, struck by the hunter's dart !"

sonation of the character; and yet the Londoners, I am “ The last eighteen months of Shelley's life were passed in

told, can sit and clap their hands, and “throw up their AUTO-BIOGRAPHY OF LORD BYRON.The public curiosity is greasy caps" at almost every word this man utters. “Can

much alive at this time, to every thing connected with the daily intercourse with Lord Byron, to whom the amiability, such things be, and overcome us like a summer's cloud, gentleness, and elegance of his manners, and his great ta-l without our enecial wonder "

extraordinary and eccentric nobleman, that we deem ita a without our special wonder ?” But to proceed; in the field lents and acquirements, had endeared him. Like his friend, I of hatu : Like nis friend

duty to gratify the taste, as far as we can, consistently wit of battle, he appears, as I have just said, with a foil in his he wished to die young: he perished in the twenty-ninth hand, and placing himself on guard in carte (how absurd)

propriety. To use a very homely phrase, we must "stri year of his age, in the Mediterranean, between Leghorn

calls on Richmond to come and fight him : but Richmond, while the iron is hot;" or, as the Irishman said while and Lerici, from the upsetting of an open boat. The sea I not being. I suppose an adeptat she small sword tum had been to him, as well as Lord Byron, ever the greatest

was skating, we must “make hay while the sun shize delight, and, as early as 1813, in the following lines,

deaf ear; he, however, soon meets him, and Richard The public journals are so much occupied with the sulfate

again placing himself in carte, a parly commences, during written at sixteen, he seems to have anticipated that it | which, Richard thinks proper to go through part of the

Lord Byron, that, unless we dedicate to ita considerable would prove his grave: evolution of the salute, by drawing his two feet together,

tion of our journal, the selections we intend to give bat "To-morrow comes : and bringing his foil's hilt to his breast. Now can any

Kaleidoscope, from the various narratives recently public Cloud upon cloud with dark and deep'ning mass

thing be more ridiculous than this ? really it was too much respecting his Lordship, win lose all the charm of nord Roll o'er the blackened waters; the deep roar

for me, and I gave full scope to to my long retained laugh This consideration must be our excuse for postponing, Of distant thunder mutters awfully;

ter, for I could hold it no longer. What senseless stones Tempest unfolds its pinions o'er the gloom

at least another week, several articles which were pronta the English people must be, to be gulled (am I right?) by That shrouds the boiling surge; the pitiless fiend such a charlatan, for he is truly nothing but a quack; a

and prepared, amongst which are, The Fortune Hunter, With all his winds and lightnings tracks his prey; successful one I grant you, but still nothing but a quack.

original translation from the German--the letters of (w The torn deep yawns; the vessel finds a grave

But I am becoming too prolix, and must conclude, leaving for and A Friend to the Drama (on Mr, M'acread, and Arche Beneath its jagged Jaws."

Mr. Macready for a future discourse. Je vous salue de ; " For fifteen days after the loss of the vessel his body bon caur.

MR. KBAN We have several times felt tempted to exciod

A STRANGER. was undiscovered, and when found was not in a state to be October 21, 1824.

the letter, signed A Stranger, it is so extravagantly serene removed. In order to comply with his wish of being

We grant that Mr. Kean has very great faults, into wblen buried at Rome, his corpse was directed to be burnt; and

we believe that the vitiated taste of the publie, rather than Lord Byron, faithful to his trust as an executor, and duty

his own, has betrayed him. There are, bowever, in wel

· TO THE EDITOR as a friend, superintended the ceremony which I have de

acting some most striking and unrivalled beaties, wrxa scribed.

SIR, I understand, for I was not present,--that, at are conceded to him by the most critical and spacionate. “ The remains of one who was destined to have little re

er the representation of Othello in our theatre, last week, the As the public, by judicious applause, may foster dramatie pose or happiness here, now sleep with those of his friend |

| individual who performed the character of Cassio went talent from its development to its perfection, so it may, Keats, in the burial-ground near Caius Cestus's Pyramid; down on his knees, in the drunken scene, to utter the

plaudits, spoll an actor of the most promis a spot so beautiful," said he, that it might almost nake

words “ forgive us our sins," which are obviously a por ing genius. We have been accustomed to think for Gute in love with death." tion of the Lord's Prayer.

selves upon most subjects, and have always elaimed ta Fictitious addresses to the Deity on the stage are, at right of dissenting from the multitude in matters of best, indecent, not to say profane; and must, in every especially. We have, therefore, never been taken in

case, give pain to the pious mind. In the present instance, Mr. Kean's clap-traps; and the opinions we formed the Correspondence.

Cassio is represented as growing religious in his cups ; time we saw him are precisely the same as those we now

and, though the introduction of sacred words for such a tertain. We recollect writing to a friend many years MR. KEAN.

purpose cannot, in strictness, be approved; yet, in support on the subject, when Kean was in the zenith of his pas of the character, che expression, if delivered en passant as larity. Amongst other observations we then made

an ejaculation merely, might perhaps be tolerated: the his acting, after speaking warmly in praise of his naten [See a note to correspondents.]

actor, at least, would not be responsible. But when an powers, and his expressive countenance, we expressed

actor, personating intoxication, repeats these words with fears that the public would spoil him, as they applaus TO THE EDITOR.

mock solemnity, in the reverent posture of prayer, he be the worst part of his acting, more than the best points SIR, -A stranger to your shores, I have csonidered my. comes justly censurable. He gives them in the most of

appeared to us to be l'enfant gate of the theatrical pula self fortunate in having bad an opportunity of witnessing

fensive way, and is indeed without excuse; for such whose infatuation was such, that we would have resto

marked action is not at all required. On the contrary, it no inconsiderable wager (had that been our babit) then the performance, during my sojourn in Liverpool, of your exhibits a caricature, rather than a just delineation of the Kean, at the time we wrote to our friend, would have som two great dramatic leaders, Kean and Macready, and I beg part, and offends as much against taste and propriety as on his head, or with his mouth wide open, his tões tube to offer a few observations thereon, of which you may make thereon, of which you may make against religious feeling.

inwards, and his hands in his breeches pockets, or any what use you choose; but, in case you think proper to

I offer these observations with no ill-will to the gentle. else, it would have been lauded to the skies; and it is

| man in question, who is a performer of rising merit; and blown his nose in any particular part of a scene, at place thisin a corner of your next publication, I hope I hope he will take them in good part. My wish is to see have been hailed as a new reading. He is, notwithstante you will have the goodness to correct any inaccuracies every reasonable objection to theatrical representations re a very great actor; and if he would attend to the se which may have crept in, through my ignorance of your moved, that the stage may be a source not only of rational tions of hisown judgment, rather than tothoseof the path language. amusement, but of mental and moral improvement.

he would maintain the ground which he now appears First, then, of Mr. Kean, who, I understand, has not

Yours, &c. A LOVER OF THE DRAMA. losing. Let him paraphrase the words he is so secustom

to address, as Hamlet, to his mother, for her moral appeared here for some years.

Liverpool, October 25, 1824.
This gentleman, I am

substituting certain vices in his own acting.
informed, is considered the first tragic actor of the day;
and, under this impression, I went, on Monday night, to

“Then throw away the worser part, LIVERPOOL ROYAL INSTITUTION.

And act the better with the other half." see his performance of Richard III. the character in which he is said to have built his fame: judge, then, of my sur.


ETHIC-We shall endeavour to procure the work reccdr peise, when, instead of finding, as I had anticipated, the

mended by B.B. * mirror held up to nature," I was compelled to witness a

TO THE BDITOR tissue of extravagance and caricature (for certainly great! SIR, I have received a circular from the Secretary of MUSICAL BIOGRAPHY.Our esteemed friend, G.

that the biographical sketch recommended for part of his performance was nothing else) and, if any infe. the above Institution, announcing the delivery of Mr.1

had previously arrested our attention, and shall be rence might be drawn from the apathy of the audience, I M'Culloch's Lectures at “one o'clock in the forenoon."

forthwith, together with some memoranda ol was not the only person in the theatre of this opinion. I should consider myself obliged to some of the learned Some scenes were, I must confess, depicted with a masterly

made on a visit to Miss R. when she was an Iofaat. hand, among which was the first, and some parts of the prot

of the professors, if they would inform me what hour the worthy second, with Lady Anne, as well as the tent scene. In Secretary alludes to.

A. BULL. Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDA this last I must particularly notice his " who is there?" on Liverpool, Nov. 1, 1824.

E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord-street, Liverpool

steemed friend, G. is informal

umended for inserting


ne memoranda of our own

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