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THE

OR

PIECES IN PROSE AND VERSE,

FROM THE

BEST WRITERS;

DESIGNED TO

ASSIST PLYING PERSONS TO READ WITH PRO-

PRIETY AND EFFECT;

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LANGUAGE AND SENTIMENTS; AND TO INCULCATE THE

MOST IMPORTANT PRINCIPLES OF

PIETY AND VIRTUE.

WITH A FEW PRELIMINARY

OBSERVATIONS ON THE PRINCIPLES

07

GOOD READING.

BY LINDLEY MURFAT,
AUTHOR OF AN ENGLISH GRAMMAR, &c. &c.

STEREOTIPED BY H. & H. WALLIS, NEW-TORT,

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PUBLIC LIBRAR 247341

ASTOR, LENOX ANO TILBEN FOUNDATIONS, 1902

Mepal Nox 250 per discutections of excellent matter have been made for the benefit o.

sons. Performances of this kind are of so great utility, that fresh

to of them, and new attempts to improve the young mind, will viteiten in eened superfluous, if the writer makes his compilation instructive mineresting, and sufficiently distinct from others.

mis present work, as the title expresses, aims at the attainment of thru Os to improve youth in the art of reading ; to meliorate their language

Semonts; and to inculcate some of the most important principles of istiti za vrtue.

There wieces selected, not only give exercise to a great variety of emotions, ang tié correspondent tones and variations of voice, but contain sentences

Readers of sentences, which are diversified, proportioned, and pointed with acercy. Exercises of this nature are, it is presumed, well calculated to testirii voath to read with propriety and effect. A selection of sentences, in

en v riety and proportion, with exact punctuation, have been carefully ore, in all their parts as well as with respect to oue another, will probaby have a much greater effect, in properly teaching the art of reading, non is commonly imagined. In such constructions, every thing is accompuolat ic the understanding and the voice; and the comn.on difficulties in burning to read well are obviated. When the learner has acquired a habi:

narodno such sentences with justness and facility, he will readily apply retabit, and the improvements he has made, to sentences more complicated wild sorgular, und of a construction entirely different.

he layuage of the pieces chosen for this collection has been carefully orded. Purity, propriety, perspicuity, and, in many instances, elegance

wiktion, dietin uish them. They are extracted from the works of the most corset and elcrant writers. From the sources whence the sentincnts 30 ruin, the reader may expect to find them connected and regular, snifi Comiy important ad in prestive, and divested of every thing that is either "or eccentric. The Creucht perusal of such composition naturally 1c3ds is a use a taste for this *pecies of excellence, and to produce a habit of rhinkin., and of composing with judgpient aid accuracy. *

That this collection may also serve the purpose of promoting piety and virque, the Compiter has introduced many extracts, which place religion in tite most amisble light and sphich recommend a great variety of moral duties, by the excellence of tizir nature, and the bappy effects they produce. These subjects are exhibited in a style and nonnos which are calculated to arrest the attentiou of youth ; and to mafe-strong and durable impressions on their mindst

The Compiler has been careful to avoid every expression and sentiment,

* The learner, in his progress through this volume and the Sequel to it, wil} ruet with numerous instances of composition, in strict conforinity to the rules or promoting

perspicuous and elegant writing, contained in the Appendix to the Author's English Grammar. By occasionally examining this conformity, he will be confirmed in the utility of those rules; and be enabled to apply them with erse and dexterity.

It is proper further to observe, that the Reader and the Sequel, besides Eching to read accurately, and inculcating many important sentiments, may he considered as anviaries to the Author's English Grammar; as practica? tirations of the principles and rules contained in that work.

In some of the pieces, the Compiler has made a few alterations, chief Desbal, to adapt then the better to the dosign of his trork.

ear inocence.

that mig at gratify a corrupt mind, or, in the least degree, offend the eye er

This he conceives to be peculiarly incumbent on every person who writes for the benefit of youth. It would indeed be a great and happy improvement in education, if no writings were allowed to come under their notice, but such as are perfectly innocent; and if on all proper occasians, they were encouraged to peruse those which tend to inspire a due reyernce for virtue, and an abhorrence of vice, as well as to animate then with sentiments of piety and goodness. Such impressions deeply engraven on their minds, and connected with all their attainments, could scarce! feii of attending them through life, and of producing a solidity of principle and charact:r, that would be able to resist the danger arising from future irtercourse with the world.

Ting Author has endeavoured to relieve the grave and serious parts of his rollection, by the occasional admission of pieces which amuse as well as instruct. If, however, any of his readers should think it contains too great a portion of the former, it may be some apology to observe, that in the existing publications designed for the perusal of young persons, the preponderance is greatly on the side of gay and amusing productions. Too much attention may be paid to this medium of improvement. When the imagination, of jouth especially, is much entertained, the sober dictates of the understanding are regarded with indifference: and the influence of good affections is either feeble, or transient. A temperate use of such entertainment seems therefore requisits, to afiord proper scope for the operations of the understanding and the heart.

The reader will perceive, that the Compiler has been solicitions to recommead to young persons, the perusal of the sacred Scriptures, by interspersing tirougii his work some of the most beautiful and interesting passages of those invaluable writings. To excite an early taste and veneration for this great rule of life, is a point of so high importance, as to warrant the attempt to promote it on every proper occasion.

To improve the young mind, and to afford some assistance to tutors, in the arduous and important work of education, were the motives which led to this production. If the author should be so successful as to accomplish these ends, even in a small degree, he will think that his time and pains have been well employed, and will deem himself amply rewarded.

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