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thus had raised himself up above the whole tirely levelled, and the royal majesty is always world of gods and men.

represented by making the king, not like Saul or And when from the statue you descend to the Agamemnon, from the head and shoulders, but palace, the same impression is kept up. It is the from the foot and ankle upwards, higher than earliest instance of the enshrinement in art of the rest of the people the historical glories of a nation, such as Ver It carries one back to the days " when there sailles. Everywhere the King is conquering, were giants on the earth," It shows how the

pping, ruling. The Palace is the Temple king, in that first monarchy, was the visible god --the king is priest. But everywhere the same upon earth. The only thing like it that has since colossal proportions are preserved He and his been seen is the deification of the Roman emhorses are ten times the size of the rest of the perors No pure Monotheism could for a mo. army. Alike in battle and in worship he is of ment have been compatible with such an intense the same stature as the gods themselves. Most exaltation of the conquering king. “I am Pha. striking is the familiar gentleness with which- roah; " " By the life of Pharoah ; " " Say unto one on each side-they take him by each hand, | Pharoah, Whom art thou like in thy greatness?" as one of their own order, and then in the next Gen. xli. 44 ; xlii. 15, 16: Ezek. xxxi 2-all these compartment introduce him to Ammon and the expressions seem to acquire new life from the lion-headed goddess. Every distinction, except | sight of this monster statue. of degree, between divinity and royalty, is en. |


(Concluded from page 244.) 1 SHOULD like to end my “peep” in the old brows and sharp noses, who had the faculty hall of the University of Leyden—to close of proving to a demonstration points which my eyes gazing on the portraits on its no one either believed or could contrawalls-fall asleep, and awake anywhere dict; and weak, though proud-looking except in a late debate of the General men were there, who made sonorousness Assembly. But that is a matter of taste pass for sepse, orthodoxy for religion, and more than of principle; and to be fully “ dignified silence" the defence of their awake in such circumstances would be ignorance, and the graceful escape from rare in those days.

their perplexities. There seemed to be The portraits are of the great profes- God-loving men also among them, with sors who, as members chiefly (I believe) giant brows and childlike eyes. Arminius of the theological faculty, have made --how good and mild he looked !-was Leyden illustrious since it became a uni- | there, with some of his followers, and versity. Of course I requested my guide Calvinists side by side. How these sects to withdraw, that, all alone, I might get a fought while on earth! and most zealwhiff from the past amidst the deep ously in that land of ditches, sluggish repose of that ghost-like old hall. There canals, wheeling windmills, and dead were profound scholars there, like Scal- flats. Great often was their mutual hate, inger; men of science, like Boerhaave; too, in arguing about the love of God to and divipes, like Arminius; and also, no some or to all. There were martyrs in doubt, the usual per centage of those Holland to the five points, and the Synod whose names have gone amissing, except of Dort was well-nigh as dogmatic and to antiquaries, among the dust of books exclusive as the Council of Trent. and churchyards. Some easy men were These good men are now in heaven. there, with double chins and single wit, who Looking at their portraits I was inclined transmitted faithfully to the next genera- to ask: "I wonder, fathers and brethren, tion what they got from the past, all if you even now understand the mystewrapped up in a white napkin, never ries about which you divided families and opened by themselves, and who were awchurches ? Are the decrees or foreknowfully solemn in their rebukes of any stud ledge yet comprehended by you in relaent who profanely suggested an examina- tion to man's responsibility and free will?” tion of the contents, lest they should have come, let us breathe. the air! The become mouldy by time and damp; and figures begin to move on the walls, and logical-looking men were there, with knit we may have the dispute renewed, each ready to begin where he left off, finding | shall this inborn appetite be fed ? Shall that no one since their day had thrown it be treated as a crime, and handed over any additional light upon it. The Dutch to Satan; or shall it be made to minChurch is strictly Calvinistic in its creed. ister to man's happiness according to As to its practice, I believe fifty out of a God's will? Shall it be pent up until it thousand clergy, believe and preach the gathers strength to burst all the barriers divinity of Christ. The Church has be- of law and decency, and rush in annual come the tomb of a dead Redeemer. floods of wild and unbridled passion; or

One word about Leyden before we shall society recognise its necessity, perleave it. It contains one of the most, if ceive how full of goodness and benevolnot the most, magnificent museums of ence it is, and adopt such wise plans as natural history in the world. The great will run it off in gentle rills, week by naturalist, Temminck, has helped greatly week, or even day by day, to freshen and to arrange and enrich this superb col- irrigate the earth, and make our fields lection. Professor Von A— 's family more green and beautiful ? are not forgotten, but remembered with Those who can adjust the demand for gratitude.

excitement to the other and higher de. The Hague, or Gravenhaven, is unques- mands for man's nature and life, will tionably the most pleasing town in Hol confer an inestimable boon on society. land. The park, with its massy noble All classes require their amusements to trees, gives it a picturesqueness and be reformed, not reduced; spread over, not beauty not found elsewhere. These trees concentrated; directed, not annihilated ; are the mountain ranges of Holland. and taken out of the kingdom of Satan Except a few steeples, there is nothing and brought into the well ordered and higher.

beautifully balanced kingdom of Christ on There was the annual kermiss or great earth. A danger from all extremes is to fair the week I was there. It would be be found in their opposites. When the unprofitable to my readers to describe at swing is highest on one side, look out for any length those Dutch saturnalia. With broken heads and falls on the other. a few exceptions, they were like every One cause of the tendency to pervert the other of the same class; innumerable Sabbath from a holy day to a holiday, is booths, many of them got up with won the incessant toil, barren of hours of derful taste and beauty, merchandise of rest, and of all amusement and gentle all sorts, theatres, shows, horsemanship, excitement, during the week. The bouts giants and dwarfs, gambling, drinking, of hard drinking indicate many previous tons of toys, tubs of pickles, crowds of days of parched thirst. men, women, and children, dissipation of Let us leave the crowd of the fair, and all sorts night and day. The Dutch are go to Scheveling, on the sea-coast, about proverbially douce, sober, and formal; half-an-hour's drive from the Hague, and they have few amusements or excitements the only bathing quarters of the capital. on week days; their Sabbaths are, out! We drove along a road straight as an wardly, almost as well kept as in Scot- arrow, with trees on each side, and at the land. But when such a holiday as a end of which was a village intensely red, kermiss comes round, it seems generally nestled beneath a ridge of sandhills, understood among the working classes, which sheltered it from the ocean. We and even domestic servants, that a gene- ascended these dunes, and reached a café ral indulgence is proclaimed for every on the sea-side, which sprung out of the vice. This is just what one would ex- sand like an Egyptian tomb, and almost pect. It is so with many in Scotland on as empty of living inhabitants. The day our new-year's days, and some of our was cold, and the whole prospect infairs. Men will have amusement and ex- tensely dreary and comfortless ;-fine citement, as certain as the ocean will sand drifting like snow before the cuthave its spring tides, and the world its ting sea-blast, - the sea brown, gurly, summer flowers and summer songs. How and sulky-looking; - rows of Dutch fishing-boats arranged along the beach, world and lay world, with the world, their rotund sterns turned towards Great whether seen in presbyteries or ParliaBritain,--the café containing only piles ments, in synagogues or senates. The of chairs and benches, which prophesied huge shams and humbugs hate the honest of crowds yet to come, -We saw but one men and true, and there are none 80 waiter, and nothing more cheering than fierce and unscrupulous as those who Schiedam.-Such was Scheveling. think that they are doing God a service,

There is much in the Hague to interest while serving their own passions. one. There are many pleasing and un- I liked right well to see in the Museum defined memories from the past, of “our of the Hague the arms, clothes, &c., of ambassador at the Hague,"_" letters such men as De Ruyter and Van Tromp from the Hague,"_“ministers who took the Lord St. Vincents and “ mighty refuge at the Hague,"--and though it Nelsons” of Holland. The nation, like was difficult, perhaps, to recal much the family, is God's blessed and wise about any one ambassador, letter, or ordinance, and its independence should be minister, in particular, yet you felt defended with its last drop of blood ! pleased in knowing that if the Hague And therefore one of the greatest gifts could speak, and those old houses tell God gives a nation is that of great heroes, their story, it would be worth listening men who will “hazard their lives unto to. It had the interest of an old man death” for their country, who will “wax who had seen strange things in his day, valiant in fight,” and “put to flight the but was not communicative. Then there armies of the aliens." Noble fellows was for the present a royal family that I were De Ruyter and Van Tromp! Even knew nothing about; and Paul Potter's England was afraid of them. Greater bull, with other pictures which the whole were they than our big talking and world know something about, and which small doing admirals of the present day. were all worthy of those great artists, who I heard Mr. Boucher preach at the had indeed eyes to see, hearts to feel, and Hague. He is a minister of the French hands to execute; and there were many Protestant Church, and some years ago other things which were associated with electrified the General Assembly by the historical names and events that can unusual eloquence of his address. He is dever die, such as the house, the prison, now chaplain to the king of Holland. and place of murder of the great De The royal family were in church, and Witt,--the house and place of execution generally attend his ministry, for wbich, of the greater Barnevelt. Alas! may it is said, they have the greatest admirawe not pause and mark how often in the tion. Mr. Boucher is in every respect a history of this fallen race of ours, these two very remarkable man. He is the superior things go together-great men and mur- of even Adolphe Monod in depth and dered men ! Truly hath Coleridge said :- range of thought, and especially in width of " How seldom doth a good man get what he sympathy with an educated French audi. merits,

ence, but his inferior in the depth of re How seldom doth he merit what he gets !" ligious feeling and experience, in which It must be so until the kingdom comes ! Monod stands alone in France. Monod, The clay world is not capable of under. when he dies,—and alas! we fear he is standing genius, unless it makes itself on his deathbed, will have no second in “useful,” by working in clay, to supply France except Boucher. A little more the world with bowls and basons; the sel- subduedness, willingness to be led as a fish world cannot believe in the unselfish-child, and, if it be God's will, to be like ness of the truly great; the proud yet his Master despised and rejected of little world cannot brook superiority; the men, and Boucher will be spiritually, hating world cannot admire love; and as he now is intellectually, the most so in all ages hath it been. The world powerful and eloquent preacher in the “ loves its own," and hates those who Reformed Church of France. It is alare not of it. It is so with the clerical leged that the Paris preachers are jealous,

not only of his great talents, but more | ing like mad bulls over the earth, as especially of his great boldness and inde Carlisle would say, “from the ipane to pendence of thought in political matters, the inane again,” but could quietly and hence his being at the Hague instead browse and chew their cud,--all this made of the capital of his own country. But the sail from the Hague to Delft singuhis time is coming!

larly pleasing. I could not learn that there were any Delft itself has now no manufacture of great preachers or men of any rank in “Delft ware," as far as I know. But the Church of Holland. The evangelical crockery is not at best interesting to me, party is, I am inclined to think, in every Hugo Grotius or De Grot, on whose respect small; the heterodox party for honoured grave I stood at Delft, bearing mal and dead

the inscription,—“ Ingang tot de Graff What a charming thing it is to voyage Kelder Von Hugo de Grot; " the house by a trackshuyt along the canals. What where the good and great William was perfect repose; what placid enjoyment; shot; the hospitable home of good what rest in motion; what an epitome of Madame E t, where I dined, are all I Holland, and what a contrast to England recollect of Delft. Then came Rotterdam or America ! The sunny canal, the quietly at night, the steamer in the mooring, the trotting horse, the regular and orderly ocean at mid-day and next night; London succession of Dutch gardens, Dutch vil in the morning, with Blackwall and the las, and Dutch comfort, the sense of weary custom house. Then farewells to baving nothing whatever to do, or rail my travelling companions, the best ever roads could not be so despised,-a glory man had; then home. So ended my last from the past, when men were not rush- | Peep across the Channel.

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A LONDON AND PARISIAN SABBATH. | day. In Brick Lane no drays are rolling,

no whips cracking; it is the drayman's “Suppose that next Sunday morning your day. In new streets no shoulder bears a Lordship started from Charing-Cross for hod, no hand is on the trowel ; it is the a walk through London, which your bricklayer's day. At the wharves no honourable helpers in the late debate figure bends under a load; it is the thought had such need to take a lesson porter's day, the coalheaver's day. from continental cities. In the vicinity Surely your lordship does not bear withof Trafalgar Square you find no shop in you a heart which, reviewing all this, men or shopwomen behind the counter ; would not fill with emotion, and thank it is the assistant's day. At the Na- God! Surely, as your thoughts passed tional Gallery no porter is in waiting; it over the three kingdoms, and you markis the official's day. In Long-Acre the ed the millions of labourers, from little coachmakers' workshops are silent; it is girls to wrinkled men, who, for the the mechanic's day. In Lincoln's Inn moment, with no master over them but Fields the lawyers' offices are peaceful; the Almighty, rested safe from the call it is the clerk's day. In the Strand and of the covetous, the thoughtless, or the Printing-House Square the offices of the cruel, you would say, 'He spake well great daily journals are at least partially who called that institution “a delight, at rest; it is the pressman's and come the holy of the Lord, honourable," positor's day, the reporter's day, the whereby these eyes are enabled to see editor's day. At the Post-Office no car this touching image of a world where is clattering, no man hurrying; it is the | “the wicked cease from troubling, and carrier's day. In Cheapside and Wood the weary are at rest!"Surely you Street no warehouse is open ; it is the could not, then, look without compassalesman's day. At the Bank no pen is sion on those who, in low shops and on moving; it is the clerk's day. In Spit- railways, say, "To us this is not the alfields no foot is upon the treadle, no Lord's day, it is our master's day!' hand upon the shuttle; it is the weaver's “At the same hour on the following • By William Arthur, A.M. London: Harnil.

Sunday your Lordship starts for a similar ton, Adams, & Co.

walk in Paris. The moment you leave the Place de la Concorde you find, in the, then the physical toil and the moral Rue Royale, shopmen and shopwomen pest of the French Sunday will at once behind the counter; it is the employer's invade the nation. From the rough day. In the first bank you reach on the hodman to the accomplished editor, Boulevards, the clerks are at the desk ; | THE SACREDNESS OF THE DAY 19 THE it is the banker's day. In the Faubourgs | LABOURER'S ONLY SHIELD." the mechanics are busy; it is the manu

GENERAL CONCLUSIONS. facturer's day. The Post-Office is full of working men; it is the merchant's

" Whether we judge by the experience day. The Rue Rivoli rings with the

the of all Europe and America, or by the mason's hammer; it is the contractor's

natural connexion existing between the day. In the timber-yards you hear the

different steps of a social process, we are

led to these conclusions : saw; it is the master's day. In the Rue Montmartre Emile de Girardin is at his

“You cannot open great exhibitions desk, and his fellow-editors, his reporters,

without opening lesser ones. his printers, all are busy; it is the sub

“You cannot open exhibitions without scriber's day. Turn where you will,

opening shops. every man is in his employer's power

"You cannot open shops in the dayjust as on other days; the charter of

time without opening places of amusefreedom is in no hand, the joy of freedom

ment at night. at no fireside. In the shops of the

“You cannot do all this on the SabPalais Royal are hearts which would

bath without destroying the public sense luve a rest as dearly as those of Regent

of the sacredness of the day. Street; but what Mr. Kinnaird called

"You cannot destroy the public sense of 'the hand of rapacity' is over them.

the sacredness of the day without letting The working men of Paris are no more

loose the tide of ordinary secular labour. enamoured of labour than those of

“My Lord, as you love a people who Westminster or Spitalfields; but the

are worthy of your love, be entreated to hand of rapacity' is over them. Nor

retrace the one step you have taken in a does the evil press on the humbler work

course which would deprive the English ers only. Each man in turn has his em

labourer of what a labourer's daughter ployer; the merchant, the banker, the

has called, The Pearl of Days! For, legislator, does not escape the burden

rob him of the Lord's day, and his week which he compels his inferiors to endure;

would be a hard, rude shell, from which the curse he imposes upon others comes

| the 'pearl' was taken. back upon himself, and none can call the GOD'S TEACHING ON THE SABBATH. day his own; he only excepted to whom “As to revelation, whether it assigns every day is a rest if he chose,

heavenly or earthly purposes to the Sab. "Why, then, is this, that here, in bath, no argument need be raised. If London, every man can defy the hand any one tells me that the Creator deals of rapacity' on one-seventh of all the with our race as so far gone, that the days that come, whilst in the neighbour- highest thing to which He can invite us ing capital no man can defy it but he is the study of curiosities and pictures, who is totally independent of occupa- which not one in ten thousand of that tion ? Because here is a day which no race can ever by possibility see, I lay my man can claim, the Lord's day, too hand upon my Bible, and look up, and sacred for amusement, too sacred even say, "The Father of spirits loves us for work; & day on which the labour better.' Fallen though we be, His rethat is profitable must stand still, under deeming mercy invites us even while on the assurance that the God of the Sab- earth to taste somewhat of the spirit of bath will more than make up the loss, Heaven. During one-seventh of all time Because there is no LORD's day; the that passes over us, He unnerves alike Sunday is not too sacred for amusement, the hand of rapacity and the hand of consequently far less 80 for profitable power, permitting no hand to be lifted labour. Where the Sabbath is used for above us but His own, thus appealing to its own ends, rest promotes religion. our reverence and loyalty; ordains that Where to these ends the foreign one of we shall have bread without labour, thus amusement is added, instead of a day of appealing to our trust and gratitude; rest and religion, it is a day of drudgery, appoints for us engagements which have with an evening of dissipation. The no sensual zest and no worldly return, barrier between a day of rest and religion, thus appealing to our hope of a life and one of drudgery and dissipation, is wherein we shall be as the angels of God; only the sacredness of the day. Man's sets before us themes of thought, each of rights rest upon God's rights ; the re- which reaches out on all sides into inpose of the Sunday, on the religion of finity, thus appealing to our desire for the Sabbath. Destroy that in England, fellowship with Himself !”

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