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the Place de la Concorde you find, in the then the physical toil and the moral Rue Royale, shopmen and shopwomen pest of the French Sunday will at once behind the counter; it is the employer's invade the nation. From the rough day. In the first bank you reach on the hodman to the accomplished editor, Boulevards, the clerks are at the desk; THE SACREDNESS OF THE DAY IS THE it is the banker's day. In the Faubourgs LABOURER'S ONLY SHIELD.” the mechanics are busy; it is the manu

GENERAL CONCLUSIONS. facturer's day. The Post-Office is full of working men; it is the merchant's

" Whether we judge by the experience day. The Rue Rivoli rings with the of all Europe and America, or by the mason's hammer; it is the contractor's natural connexion existing between the day. In the timber-yards you hear the different steps of a social process, we are saw; it is the master's day. In the Rue led to these conclusions : Montmartre Emile de Girardin is at his

“You cannot open great exhibitions desk, and his fellow-editors, his reporters,

without opening lesser ones. his printers, all are busy; it is the sub

“You cannot open exhibitions without scriber's day. Turn where you will

, opening shops. every man is in his employer's power

“ You cannot open shops in the dayjust as on other days; the charter of time without opening places of amusefreedom is in no hand, the joy of freedom ment at night. at no fireside. In the shops of the

“ You cannot do all this on the SabPalais Royal are hearts which would bath without destroying the public sense luve a rest as dearly as those of Regent

of the sacredness of the day. Street; but what Mr. Kinnaird called

“You cannot destroy the public sense of the hand of rapacity' is over them. the sacredness of the day without letting The working men of Paris are no more loose the tide of ordinary secular labour. enamoured of labour than those of "My Lord, as you love a people who Westminster or Spitalfields; but the are worthy of your love, be entreated to hand of rapacity is over them. Nor retrace the one step you have taken in a does the evil press on the humbler work- course which would deprive the English ers only. Each man in turn has his em labourer of what a labourer's daughter ployer; the merchant, the banker, the rob him of the Lord's day,

and his week

has called, "The Pearl of Days!' For, legislator, does not escape the burden which he compels his inferiors to endure; would be a hard, rude shell, from which the curse be imposes upon others comes the 'pearl' was taken. back upon himself, and none can call the GOD'S TEACHING ON THE SABBATH. day his own; he only excepted to whom “As to revelation, whether it assigns every day is a rest if he chose,

heavenly or earthly purposes to the SabWhy, then, is this, that here, in bath, no argument need be raised. If London, every man can defy the hand any one tells me that the Creator deals of rapacity' on one-seventh of all the with our race as so far gone, that the days that come, whilst in the neighbour- highest thing to which He can invite us ing capital no man can defy it but he is the study of curiosities and pictures, who is totally independent of occupa- which not one in ten thousand of that tion ? Because here is a day which no race can ever by possibility see, I lay my man can claim, the Lord's day, too hand upon my Bible, and look up, and sacred for amusement, too sacred even say, "The Father of spirits loves us for work; & day on which the labour better. Fallen though we be, His rethat is profitable must stand still, under deeming mercy invites us even while on the assurance that the God of the Sab- earth to taste somewhat of the spirit of bath will more than make up the loss. Heaven. During one-seventh of all time Because there is no LORD's day; the that passes over us, He unnerves alike Sunday is not too sacred for amusement, the hand of rapacity and the hand of consequently far less so for profitable power, permitting no hand to be lifted labour. Where the Sabbath is used for above us but His own, thus appealing to its own ends, rest promotes religion. our reverence and loyalty; ordains that Where to these ends the foreign one of we shall have bread without labour, thus amusement is added, instead of a day of appealing to our trust and gratitude; rest and religion, it is a day of drudgery, appoints for us engagements which have with an evening of dissipation. The no sensual zest and no worldly return, barrier between a day of rest and religion, thus appealing to our hope of a life and one of drudgery and dissipation, is wherein we shall be as the angels of God; only the sacredness of the day. Man's sets before us themes of thought, each of rights rest upon God's rights ; the re. which reaches out on all sides into inpose of the Sunday, on the religion of finity, thus appealing to our desire for the Sabbath. Destroy that in England, fellowship with Himself !"



JOURNAL OF REV. R. MACNAIR. assistance, many of the patients must be (Continued.)

neglected, or the whole of the visiting

be gone about in a very perfunctory September 8th. — Another week has passed without much deviation from the five hours in the hospitals, and with very

manner. To-day I have spent nearly ordinary routine of hospital work here. few exceptions have not read or prayed Mr. Drennan, after being kept in sus

with the men. My object in this case pense each day as to the time of em

has been to see as many as possible, and barking, was ordered on board the “ Trent” last evening, and in all likeli- invite them to the various services to

About 300 or 400 arrived hood has proceeded on his passage before now. During the last two or three days of whom had landed when I visited the

yesterday from the Crimea, some only I have been trying to make the round of

wards. the Barrack Hospital, and though I have much time with each man, care must be

As it is impossible to spend not quite finished, have found upwards taken to give as much publicity as possiof fifty men in the sick wards to add to

ble to the Sabbath services. Week-night my list, besides a considerable number services, as held by the Episcopal chaptwenty-five whom I saw for the first lains, might also be advantageous. The time, six embarked to-day for England. great drawback I find to be, that my

men are so much scattered. In a ward My visit was just in time to give me the containing upwards of twenty, I have opportunity of furnishing some with copies of the Scriptures, and with other perhapse not more than two or three reading for the voyage. Of those who Presbyterians, and thus it is impossible remain in hospital, several have pro- reach of any considerable number; and

to get a convenient place within easy mised to be at church to-morrow.

this is one reason why the Sabbath serSeptember 9thSunday.This day, for the first time, since my arrival, had four vices are not more numerously attended.

In the midst of the routine of daily services, Met in the morning, (a quarter visits, interesting incidents do occasionbefore seven), the men on duty in one

ally occur. This morning I found one of the huts occupied by the Highland Brigade. About fifty might be pre

young man (Irish) engaged reading

är Baxter's Call to the Unconverted," and seni, and three or four women also seemingly much interested in it. Ancame in with children in their arms. Altogether, this was more like a home Worthy of all Acceptation,” expressed

other, on returning “ Fuller's Gospel congregation than the ordinary assemblies of invalids I have been in the a wish that he might be able to act up habit of addressing, but the preponder- to what he had been reading. A third ance of men, and the display of uniforms, thought he had been made for his own

that he

Bunyan, still reminded one that a congregation time, and that we do not see such men of soldiers was before him. Preached in the Palace Hospital at that the promise of great gifts and great


nowadays, I tried to explain to him half-past ten to a smaller audience than for some time back. Several men have and that'if we had faith and prayer sutti

grace was not limited to one generation, gone to England during the past week. cient, we might see greater things than Preached in Barrack Hospital at two. Twenty-four were present, of whom that he had experienced a saving change

these. One man told me the other day twenty were invalids; and in General since he came to the East. One night, Hospital at four. tended, of whom seventeen were invalids. being on guard, he was particularly September 10th.-Heard it, reported asked himself, “ Am I prepared to die?"

struck with bis perilous position, and that the Prince of the Seas" had been Being obliged to answer the question in wrecked at the mouth of the Dardan- the negative, he prayed that his life elles. Earnestly hope it is not true. might be spared, and vowed that if it She carried a great many men from all

was, he would, from that day, begin to the hospitals, in some of whom I was

seek God, which vow he believes he much interested.

has been enabled to keep. September 15th.-Have been enabled to finish a second somewhat burried

ADDITIONAL SUBSCRIPTIONS TO visit to the wards of the Barrack Hospital

, including the sheds in which the Archibald Boyle, Esq., second annual convalescents stay. But, without some Subscription

L, 100


Notices of Books.

Internal History of German Protestantism time of infinite confusion, the religious

since the Middle of Last Century. By life has again put forth fresh and beautiCH. FRED. Aug. KAHNIS, D.D., Pro- ful blossoms, and already bears rich and fessor of Theology in the University of abundant fruit. The one is a picture of Leipsic. Translated from the German death; the other of life; and both are by the Rev. Theodore Meyer, Hebrew drawn by the author with rare skill and Tutor in the New College, Edinburgh. power. The book is naturally divided Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark.

into two parts, corresponding to the It is with peculiar pleasure that we wel periods of which it treats. The period of come this work of Dr. Kabnis'. So little Illuminism,—which Frederic II. aptly is known in this country of the later re- enough expressed to consist in -enligious life of Germany, and our impres- lightening the head and civilising the sions of it are often so confused and er- manners,"-occupies the first. The reroneous, that we cannot but feel grateful lation of Protestantism to the spurious to one who tells us the story of it in an philosophy which sprung from it in the orderly and systematic form, while in- eighteenth century, and of the men who vesting it, at the same time, with the founded this philosophy to each other, charm of an agreeable and fluent style. the pernicious influence of English and We are apt to forget that, between the French Deism on German religious Reformation and the present time, there thought, the rise and spread of Humanexisted a religious life in Germany at all. ism, which sought to level all nationaliWith the exception of a few meagre ties, all family traditions, all difference chapters in our Church histories, and a of social position, and to sink the personfew still more meagre biographies of ality of men in their humanity, and the Pietists, published by some of our reli- various modes in which the universal gious societies, we are left in utter ignor- tendency to scepticism affected literature ance of it. It is true that in Germany, and the social life, are the subjects of the as in this country, the great reaction of admirable introductory chapter. The Protestantism passed away, during the author next proceeds to develop the eighteenth century, into a low utilitarian theological tendencies of the time, and to infidelity; that the Christian life ceased show how, in spite of, and even through to be national, and existed only in isol- such men as Bengel, Crusius, Oetingen ated forms; that instead of Luther and on the one side, and Mosheim, Ernesti, Melancthon, men like Wolff and Spinoza and Michaelis on the other, the principle came to be the leaders of thought. But of Illuminism found its way, and finally the seventeenth century, so rich in godly gave birth to the rationalism and superlife, in pious deeds, in its brave and holy naturalism which reached their height in hymns, in its noble systems of theology; the early part of this century. The and the nineteenth, with its yearning for second part is occupied with the “Renotruth and life, its bold manly thought, its yation.” The new philosophy represented wide Christian philosophy, its subtle criti- by Schelling, and the new theology, cism, and, pervading and colouring all which found its fittest type in Schleierthese, its fierce conflict between the ne- macher, are traced in their manifold and gative philosophies and the positive faith, mutual influences down to the present -these are epochs of intense interest to day. The different schools of theology all who delight in the welfare and deve- which sprung up, are carefully dislopment of the kingdom of God.

tinguished; their influence, present posiDr. Kahnis confines his history within tion, and their connexion with the prothe last hundred years. He thus in- gress of thought in Germany are accur. cludes two distinct and opposite periode, ately marked; and the many beautiful strongly contrasted and divided, though and healthy forms in which the new life such a division can never be logically ac- is manifesting itself in the Church, the curate, by the boundary line which separ- school and the mission are diligently and ates this century from the preceding. lovingly recorded. The latter half of the last century ex- Dr. Kabnis belongs to the ultra-Luthhibits the last and worst stage of infi- eran party in Germany. In saying so, delity, materialism and the popular phi- we award bis book a very high praise. It losophy; the first half of this present, is written with a striking candour and the beginning of a new era, when, amid impartiality. The facts necessary to the much doubt and scepticism, and in a l elucidation of the history are neither dis

torted nor suppressed. And though we pictorial writing; and we feel confident may not at all times agree with the judge that the unusual interest with which it ment the author forms, though his esti- has been hailed by men of all parties in mate of particular movements, such as Germany, will also attend its reception the “ Kirchentay,” and the “Inner Mis- in our own country. It is rendered into sion," appears strongly tinged by his pe- excellent and intelligent English, and reculiar theory of the Church, yet we feel tains in the translation all the ease and that he judges honestly and thoughtfully, vivacity of the original. Mr. Clark has and if we hold bis estimate a wrong one, been somewhat harshly blamed for the it is he himself who affords the grounds imperfect translation of some of the early of our opinion. The history of German works in his admirable series, and we Protestantism is the work of a wide- trust that, for his own advantage, as well hearted, scholarly, and erudite man, who as that of the public, he may continue to is gifted at the same time with a healthy obtain the services of one so capable "as freshness, and a power of graphic and the present translator.


The Editor closes a seventh volume | Menzies, who every year since the Magawith his hearty thanks to his kind sub- zine commenced, has contributed to its scribers, and heartier still to his kind pages valuable papers, especially upon contributors, for the support and en- the Missions of the Church, has been couragement he has received from both. called home. Great is his gain; but

He begins another volume, and proba- great and bitter is the loss of his many bly the last, with the usual good inten- friends. His noble catholic spirit,-his tions, fair promises, and bright hopes of readiness for every good work, and earfulfilling both ; but also with the usual nest zeal in doing it,--his gentle, pleasfears and misgivings! He asks one ing manners,—his high and refined sense other trial from his friends.

of all that was true, and lovely, and of The Editor takes this opportunity of good report, made him respected, trusted, replying, once for all, to one or two and loved by men of all parties, and by anonymous correspondents, by protesting Christians of all churches,

But only that he never announced or intended the those who had the privilege of enjoying Magazine solely for Sunday reading,” | his friendship could estimate the quiet and will not involve himself in so nice i depths of his spiritual life, the tenderness a question, as to what this or that reader of his conscience, the constant overflow. may deem suited for the holy day. ings of his love, and the touching humiEach must select articles out of the Ma- lity and unselfishness of his disposition. gazine for himself, as he does books out It is only when such men leave us, and of the library, or subjects out of his own their light is here extinguished, that we mind, and such as he deems most suitable in some degree realise what they have for Sabbath. Those who “ cannot stand been to us, and what a precious gift from the temptation " (!) may fly from it. God in “ this present evil world” is even

There are several new subjects of prac, one man who truly loves God and his tical importance which the Editor hopes neighbour; and what a glorious world to be able to overtake for the next volume. that must be where all are “ just men Able and tried friends have promised made perfect,” and “ like the angels of him their aid.

God!" Alas! one friend, Professor Allan

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APRIL 1856–MARCH 1857




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